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  • 351.
    Bäckman, Olof
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Shannon, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology. The Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention, Sweden.
    The life course of young male and female offenders: Stability or change between different birth cohorts?2014In: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 54, no 3, p. 393-410Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Individuals’ life chances are shaped by the times and events that they experience. This emphasizes the need for studies that focus on staggered birth cohorts. The article presents a new longitudi-nal data set that includes three complete Swedish birth cohorts, born in 1965, 1975 and 1985. Comparisons between the different birth cohorts show how offending distributions among young offenders, as well as their socio-demographic backgrounds and life chances, have developed over time. The analyses of stability and change presented in the study may serve as a point of departure for more informed discussions of the significance of societal changes for the criminality and life chances of male and female offenders.

  • 352.
    Bäckman, Olof
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Shannon, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Unga och brott i Sverige: underlagsrapport till Barns och ungas hälsa, vård och omsorg 20132013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I rapporten beskrivs barns och ungas utsatthet för brott samt ungdomsbrottslighetens omfattning och utveckling. Dessutom analyseras de demografiska och sociala bakgrundsfaktorerna bakom ungdomsbrottslighet.

  • 353.
    Bäckman, Olof
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Hjalmarsson, Randi
    Lindquist, Matthew J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Pettersson, Tove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Könsskillnader i brottslighet - hur kan de förklaras?2018In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 46, no 4, p. 67-78Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi dokumenterar könsskillnader i lagföringar och presenterar de i litteraturen vanligast förekommande förklaringsansatserna. Män begår fler och grövre tillgreppsbrott samt våldsbrott, medan kvinnor begår färre och lindrigare tillgreppsbrott, företrädesvis utan våld. För att förklara dessa viktiga könsskillnader menar vi att man, utöver de vanligaste ekonomiska incitamenten, även måste ta hänsyn till könsskillnader i icke-kognitiva förmågor, kamrateffekter samt könsroller och den ”manliga” identitet som tillåter och ibland uppmuntrar till våld.

  • 354.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Balancing the senses: Experiences of learning in indoor skateboarding2010In: Designs for learning: A new conceptualization of learning, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Indoor skate parks are purpose built environments for physical activity and bodies in motion. These settings are designed places of learning in both social and material respects. Skate parks in Sweden are usually large halls in buildings previously used for industries, now filled with wooden and sometimes concrete constructions. The solid and rough material consolidates the environment as hard and durable. Ceilings are most often high which influence the acoustics. The sound level is elevated from the noise of board riding on the wooden constructions, besides music from loud speakers adds to the aural experience. In spite of, or thanks to, the strident soundscape it is common by skateboarders to use a personal music device such as an mp3-player or the equivalent when skateboarding. The purpose of this paper is to discuss sensory and affective learning processes in relation to indoor skateboarding. In focus is the crossroads between senses, affect, place and learning. Empirical results are drawn from an ongoing ethnographic study on predominantly female skateboarding, embodied knowledge and board sport culture. The empirical material consists of field notes (in written, auditory and visual form), interviews and examples from media such as videos, magazines and internet pages. The aural sense and its capacity to include and exclude other sensory experiences, mainly balance, is examined and associated with affective incitement. Sharing and non-sharing spaces and experiences are discussed. The paper draws theoretically in large from the anthropological research on the senses in culture, and the psychology of affect. In addition the paper pays particular interest to the idea of “the risk of experience that is learning” (Ellsworth 2005).

  • 355.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Dialogues of Dominance and Division: Skaters and Skater Girls Juxtaposing Gender2010In: Centers and Peripheries in Sport: Part 2.The Development of Women Sport:Separate but not Equal / [ed] Aage Radmann, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Skateboarding is known as a predominately male activity; however, there are female skateboarders and they are growing in number internationally. The purpose of this paper is to analyse how female gender and feminist issues appear and are negotiated by female skateboarders in ethnographically documented dialogues in a local setting. The dialogues are historically, socially and culturally contextualised invoking mediated discourses on female skateboarding. My assumption is that mediated discourses interact with local practice in an intricate way. This paper will hopefully shed some light on this interaction as well as works on femininity (and masculinity) in skateboarding and other board sports. In addition how female attendance is promoted. Theoretically, the paper draws on post structurally influenced cultural studies and theories of gender. The paper discusses practices of gender division and images of girls and women in board sports and their media from a feminist perspective. In this context, inviting pain as a girl has been interpreted as a way of challenging unappreciated forms of femininity. Accidents and falls are portrayed in niche media, both in print and television programmes, as evidence of courage and authenticity. However, there are alternatives to the aggressive femininity in recent media forms, such as blogs and personal web pages. But replacing one alternative of femininity with another raises new questions. The ambiguities of discourses put girls and women in a position where they are empowered subjects using their own micro-media, and, at the same time, tend to preserve ‘the separate-and-different-cultures model’ when it comes to gender.

  • 356.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Från skateboard till e-sport2008In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652–7224, p. 4-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I samband med att idrottsforskningen i ökande utsträckning fokuserar sportens stjärnor har ett intresse växt fram för vad som händer med elitidrottare efter det att sportkarriären är över. Det är uppenbart att övergången från kändis till föredetting är plågsamt och svårhanterbart för många. Men internationell sport erbjuder också många exempel på framgångsrika civila karriärer. Tony Hawk är ett bra exempel. Hawk var världsstjärna inom skateboard på 1980- och 90-talen, och trots dess subkulturella karaktär var hans stjärnstatus enastående där sådant räknades. Hawk drog sig tillbaka 1999 som sann legendar, och två år senare kom hans självbiografi, Hawk: Occupation Skateboarder (HarperCollins, skriven med Sean Mortimer). I Åsa Bäckströms kunniga och intresseväckande recension följer vi Tony Hawk från tiden som tanig och mobbad skolgrabb, över tiden som skateboardkung, till efterkarriären som dataspelsutvecklare – bland annat – och under tiden tvåbarnsfar med två olika fruar och gift en tredje gång. Underhållande och lärorikt, tycker vår recensent, som också följer upp historien efter det att boken publicerades. Och visst är det lite speciellt, det där amerikanska, den klassiska framgångssagan med lyckligt slut.

  • 357.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Good ethnography smells bad: On aesthetic experience in qualitative research2008In: Sveriges antropologförbunds årliga konferens (SANT): Visuell kultur, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aesthetic learning processes are being notified in current Swedish pedagogical research. The philosophical term aesthetics is used in multiple modes, some of them borrowing an agenda from the studies of fine art, some more with inspiration from cultural studies and popular culture. In this emerging field both ethnography and every-day-aesthetics are in focus. Despite new ways of doing ethnography the results still tend to look (!) like traditional ethnography. Field-notes saturated with sensuous and stinking data; e.g. moist socks, sweaty t-shirts and car fumes, still tend to depend upon written texts and photography as scientific proof. Moreover ethnography is still judged against a positivistic framework drawing from natural science. Is a change required? And in that case, can the future of visual anthropology challenge this hegemonic scientific paradigm?

  • 358.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Idrottsliga inkräktare: Recension av Bolin & Granskog (2003) Athletic intruders:  ethnographic research on women, culture, and exercise2011In: idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En djupdykning i SUNY-förlagets backlist har ådagalagt tre angelägna titlar som inte tidigare kommit med i forumets recensionsverksamhet men som trots att de fått några år på nacken av tjänstgörande recensionsredaktör bedömts som angelägna att lyfta fram. I november 2010 recenserade Ingela Kolfjord Mike Messners Out of Play, (2007), och Pirkko Markulas antologi Feminist Sport Studies från 2005 recenseras av Helena Tolvhed på annan plats i denna uppdatering. Äldst av de tre var antologin Athletic Intruders: Ethnographic Research on Women, Culture, and Exercise från 2003, med Anne Bolin och Jane Granskog som redaktörer (State University of New York Press). Vi applåderar SUNY Press för en föredömlig lagerhållningsstrategi (möjlig tack vare print on demand-tekniken), och gläds åt att vi hittade totalt rätt i val av recensent, nämligen Åsa Bäckström, som just då var redo att läsa just denna bok. I en föredömligt välskriven, initierad och intresseväckande recension ser hon bortom de lite ålderstigna referenserna och diskuterar metod, empiri och, inte minst, feminismens historia.

  • 359.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Kroppen, brädan, lärandet2010In: Den lärande staden / [ed] Mats Lieberg, Suzanne de Laval, Petter Åkerblom, Umeå: Boréa , 2010, 1, p. 113-129Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I stadslandskapet manifesteras människans makt över naturen. Staden är dynamisk; den skapas och omskapas ständigt i takt med förändrade politiska och kulturella ideal. Dess olika miljöer används – medvetet och omedvetet – för olika typer av lärande. Skolgården och slottsparken kan fungera som budbärare med pedagogiska avsikter för både barn och vuxna, gallerian kan ses som ett klassrum och detaljhandeln som kunskaps- och kulturformande faktorer.           När olika grupper intar det offentliga rummet uppstår nya mötesplatser och samspelsmönster. Ser det sociala samspelet likadant ut i förorten, på handelsgatan och i innerstaden? Hur och när tar exempelvis unga kvinnor staden i besittning?

  • 360.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    På den postmoderna vågen2012In: Idrottsforum, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 361.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Sinnlig, skamlös och stolt - om kvinnlig svensk skateboardåkning.2009In: Kultur~Natur: Konferens för kulturstudier i Sverige 2009, Linköping: ACSIS, Linköpings universitet , 2009, p. 91-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det har skett ett antal vändningar inom samhällsvetenskaplig forskning på senare tid. En sådan vändning har beskrivits som kroppslig, och som en konsekvens därav kan vi enligt somliga idag också tala om en sinnlig revolution. Skateboardåkning är en synnerligen fysisk aktivitet där kroppens sinnen används i hög grad. Ljudet av hjulen mot underlaget indikerar till exempel materialets beskaffenhet och brädans fart för utövaren. I den här presentationen diskuteras (kvinno-)kroppens upplevelse av skateboardåkning. I kroppen omsätts omgivningens arkitektur till sinnlig upplevelse och affekt. Där möts den fysiologiska känslan och den sociokulturella. Kroppar uttrycker och gör. De lyckas och misslyckas. De strålar av lycka och böjer sig i skam. Teoretisk inspiration hämtas från Tomkins bland andra.

  • 362.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Skateboard girls: On power, senses and affective embodiment.2009In: ESA 2009.: European Society or European Societies?, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As one of the many claimed turns in social sciences lately, we experience (sic!) a corporeal one and as consequence we now know of a sensual revolution. Within that framework this paper discusses female skateboarding and its sensuous appearance. Female skateboarders in Sweden are using their bodies to negotiate power. In so doing their performing bodies are sensing subjects but also sensational objects. Bodies are where senses and affect meet with cultural and social assumptions. Bodies express and perform, bodies fail and succeed, bodies beam in pride and are put in place. Theoretical inspiration comes from various areas such as girlhood studies, the anthropological research on the senses in culture, and the psychology of affect.

  • 363.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Style in physical activity2008In: Bonds and Communities. Young people and their social ties.: The 10th Nordic Youth Research Information Symposium, 2008, p. 58-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aesthetic expressions in youth culture have been studied extensively. For the British CCCS and its followers the concept of style is regularly used to explain dress codes, hair fashion and other physical appearances. Sub culture is an often-used term, which enclose these types of expressions, in addition frequently connected to certain kinds music. Lately a growing number of studies on sub culture and sport have been presented. This implies an interest in a slightly different aspect of style – the one focusing more on style in physical activity. The leaderless boarding culture revolves primarily around style and physical bodily activity, in contrast to punk for example, which is held together by style and music. Thus it can be argued that identity through board sports is more clearly incorporated through physical performance. This presentation attempts to fill some of the gap in research around style in physical activity. It focuses bodily aesthetic expressions in skateboarding and the concept of style in relation to the moving body. Style in both senses mentioned above, communicates and creates both bonds and communities. Building on empirical studies on skateboarding in Sweden between 1978-2002, it is argued that also style in physical activity is significant for the construction of cultural and social values. Moreover style in this sense has a highly performative aspect.

  • 364.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Tjejskate: Om frihet, jämlikhet och systerskap2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 365.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Understanding the fleshiness of knowing: Sensory ethnography as a way of examining teaching and knowing in physical education2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses research about how knowing and teaching is formed as part of the physical activity of skateboarding. Through a four-year project in educations sciences focusing on the cross-roads of mind, body, place and learning, the sensory ethnography approach (Pink 2009) made it possible to explore how knowing was expressed by skateboard coaches in their teaching. The semi-structured character of skateboarding contributed with a setting were the moving body is central, but without the formalized educational framework. To begin with, this methodological approach foregrounded how perception and the senses were involved but also showed the need to go beyond the five-sense sensorium, particularly in relation to understanding the process of teaching and knowing balance and explosiveness, which are both crucial for skateboarding proficiency. Moreover, this research revealed the implications of reflective auto-ethnographic elements in the process of field-work. As a researcher it became apparent how this sensory embeddedness not only informed the research participants’ teaching and knowing, but also my own way of understanding the fleshiness of knowing. In this paper I will explore more deeply the question of the researcher’s route to knowing. To develop this discussion I will build on two existing approaches to defining kinesthetic empathy (Sklar 1998; Parviainen 2003) to suggest how this concept might inform our understandings of how learning is sensory and emplaced (Fors, et al, forthcoming), as well as socio-affective (Tomkins, 1962). In doing so I address related epistemological issues regarding the moving, learning and un/knowing body (e.g. Moyal Sharrock, 2004).

  • 366.
    Bång, Madeleine
    et al.
    Stockholm University. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Cappelli Gonzalez, Christina
    Stockholm University. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Man ska ha någonting att göra hemma också inte bara fritid – elevers tankar och pedagogers avsikter med läxor.: En jämförande studie om hur läxor uppfattas ur barnperspektiv och barns perspektiv2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vår studie är att få en bild av hur elever från år 3 och år 4 uppfattar läxor och pedagogernas avsikter med dessa. Vi har utfört en kvalitativ undersökning där vi intervjuade både pedagoger och elever för att kunna göra en jämförelse mellan deras uppfattningar om läxor. Frågorna vi ställde var helhetsorienterade och höll sig inom samma tema men det har hela tiden funnits utrymme för inflikade frågor under samtalets gång. Enligt pedagogerna och eleverna är läxan en uppgift som görs utanför skolan men som är knuten till skolarbetet. Pedagogerna anser att läxan är till för repetition, färdighetsträning och att öva att ta ansvar. Eleverna menar att läxan är till för att pedagogerna ska veta vad de klarar av, och att de ska lära sig något.

  • 367.
    Båsk, Andreas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Uddenmyr, Linnea
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    Med vitvaror från Smeg och Urban Deli runt knuten: Sekundära associationskällor i bostadsannonsen – effekter på uppskattat värde2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En typisk bostadsannons i någon av storstadsregionerna refererar inte bara till själva objektet. I annonstexten förekommer också varumärken på installationer i bostaden, närliggande kommersiellt utbud och referenser till avlägsna världsmetropoler. Liknande förfaranden har i andra produktkategorier visat sig generera transfereffekter av varumärkeskunskap, men forskning på bostäder har hittills saknats. Syftet med denna studie var att se om dessa element i annonserna påverkar hur konsumenter utvärderar bostadsobjekt. Som teoretiskt ramverk användes Kellers modell för sekundära associationskällor. I ett kvasiexperiment testades om sekundära associationskällor påverkade det uppskattade värdet av bostadsobjekt. Åtta verkliga citat från bostadsannonser användes som stimuli, samtliga från objekt i Stockholmsområdet. Undersökningsdeltagarna (n = 203) randomiserades till två grupper där experimentgruppen fick läsa citat med associationskällor, medan kontrollgruppen fick läsa samma citat utan associationskällor. Genom t-test för oberoende mätningar påvisades signifikanta effekter av associationskällor i tre av fallen. Studiens resultat stärker hypotesen att det uppskattade värdet av en bostad kan påverkas genom att använda associationskällor i en bostadsannons, både vad gäller platser, installationer och närliggande utbud. Men effekten är inte nödvändigtvis positiv.

  • 368.
    Caiman, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Lundegård, Iann
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Young children's imagination in science education and education for sustainability2018In: Cultural Studies of Science Education, ISSN 1871-1502, E-ISSN 1871-1510, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 687-705Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research is concerned with how children's processes of imagination, situated in cultural and social practices, come into play when they invent, anticipate, and explore a problem that is important to them. To enhance our understanding of young children's learning and meaning-making related to science and sustainability, research that investigates children's use of imagination is valuable. The specific aim of this paper is to empirically scrutinize how children's imaginations emerge, develop, and impact their experiences in science. We approach imagination as a situated, open, and unscripted act that emerges within transactions. This empirical study was conducted in a Swedish pre-school, and the data was collected in between' a science inquiry activity and lunchtime. We gathered specific video-sequences wherein the children, lived through the process of imagination, invented a problem together and produced something new. Our analysis showed that imagination has a great significance when children provide different solutions which may be useful in the future to sustainability-related problems. If the purpose of an educational experience in some way supports children's imaginative flow, then practicing an open, listening approach becomes vital. Thus, by encouraging children to explore their concerns and questions related to sustainability issues more thoroughly without incautious recommendations or suggestions from adults, the process of imagination might flourish.

  • 369.
    Calleman, Catharina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Arbetsmiljö i hushållstjänster och personlig assistans – en kunskapssammanställning2017Report (Other academic)
  • 370.
    Calleman, Catharina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Rätt till arbete, arbetsrätt och försörjningskrav för asylsökande2017In: Niklas Bruun i Sverige: En vänbok / [ed] Kerstin Ahlberg, Petra Herzfeld Olsson, Jonas Malmberg, Uppsala: Iustus , 2017, p. 39-55Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna artikel diskuterar jag den politik som förts i Sverige sedan 1990-talet i fråga om arbete för asylsökande, ett ämne där många olika intressen och konflikter är inblandade. Det kan gälla till exempel önskemål att begränsa antalet asylsökande, intresset av att asylsökande försörjer sig, strävan att skydda lönenivåerna i Sverige eller krav på att Sverige ska leva upp till internationella konventioner. Omfattande lagstiftning har införts på både asylområdet och arbetskraftsområdet som har gjort situationen alltmer komplex och svår att överblicka. Samtidigt har gränserna mellan de två kategorierna asylsökande och arbetskraftsinvandrare blivit alltmer otydliga. 

    I juli 2016 förändrades situationen för de asylsökande dramatiskt genom införandet av lagen (2016:752) om tillfälliga begränsningar av möjligheten att få uppehållstillstånd i Sverige. Nya och starkt restriktiva regler ska tillämpas på alla som sökt asyl efter lagens ikraftträdande. En tidsbegränsad lagstiftning, som ska gälla i tre år, ska anpassa det svenska regelverket till miniminivån enligt EU-rätten och internationella konventioner. Reglerna om uppehållstillstånd av skyddsskäl har i den nya lagen både direkt och indirekt fått en koppling till arbete och försörjning. 

  • 371.
    Carbin, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Det problematiska systerskapet: Purpurfärgen och postkolonial feminism2005In: Feministisk teori i rörliga bilder / [ed] Katharina Tollin & Maria Törnqvist, Malmö: Liber , 2005, 1, p. 83-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 372.
    Carbin, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Det problematiska systerskapet: Purpurfärgen och postkolonial feminism2008In: Feministisk teori i rörliga bilder / [ed] Katharina Tollin & Maria Törnqvist, Malmö: Liber , 2008, 2, p. 83-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 373.
    Carbin, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Mellan tystnad och tal: Flickor och hedersvåld i svensk offentlig politik2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the contestations around the question of how violence against young women from ethnic minorities was articulated in Swedish public policy debates from 1995-2008. One core question investigated in this study is how the “new” problem of co called honour killings is categorised and understood within gender equality policies against violence and policies of immigrant integration. The thesis explores how different discourses compete and negotiate to make sense of the violence and try to stabilise meaning. Another aim of the thesis concerns the construction of available subject positions for young women, and the potential effects in terms of possibilities and restrictions for subjects to speak politically. The research material consists of parliamentary debates, major government documents, official government inquiries into integration and gender equality, as well as documents from the Swedish Integration Board and the County Administrative Boards. The analysis draws upon discourse theory and feminist postcolonial theory to explore what positions are made available to young women in policy discourses. Four competing discourses are identified: a multicultural discourse, a discourse of value-clashes, a discourse of structural discrimination and finally a gender power-discourse. However, in policies against honour related violence the violence is primarily understood as originating in a cultural and value-based heritage of certain immigrant communities. This study furthermore illustrates how girls are required to speak and make testimonies on their situation. The ways the stories of the girls are used make them into boundary markers between Swedish and non-Swedish. It is argued that letting the girls speak and listen to them might make it possible to understand some of the potential problems they face. Nevertheless, it might not form an agenda for changing the bigger political picture.

  • 374.
    Cardell, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Barns ledarskap: För en vidgad vokabulär genom skiftande exempel2018In: Barn, ISSN 0800-1669, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 23-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with children’s leadership. The aim is to draw attention to relations between childrenand leadership and to broaden the vocabulary about children’s leadership. Initially, descriptions of children’sleadership in research is discussed. It is noted that research provides a limited understandingof children’s leadership and this necessitates theoretical development. This article introduces examplesof children’s leadership and shows that the phenomenon could be understood as challenging and sometimescontroversial. It draws attention to the importance of formal leadership in sports organizations,to popular imaginaries including The Boss Baby and the Teenage Boss, as well as to controversial leadershipprograms in the education system. Two types of leadership, economic and democratic leadership,are identified through the examples in focus. Finally, the article highlights the possibilities of empiricallybased understandings that allow us to scrutinize children’s leadership and leadership-for-children indifferent contexts based on discussions about childhood and children’s agency.

  • 375.
    Cardell, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Happiness and the mess2017Other (Other academic)
  • 376.
    Cardell, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    The Child as Leader2018In: Gender, Work & Organisation Conference: 10th Biennial International Interdisciplinary Conference, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper distinguishes children’s leadership from generic and often implicit ideal types of leadership, which are centered around adultist myths and assumptions. Thinking with children, or about the child/boy/girl/”x” as leader, provides an invitation to conceptual development and generates interdisciplinary challenges (connecting the disparate fields of childhood studies and leadership studies). Discussing some well-known examples of children’s leadership, I address potentially powerful impacts of gender, “authority” and generation, and how these dimensions challenge traditional theories of leadership.

    The paper draws on bricolage methodology and proceeds through explorations of disparate examples from popular culture and social media, highlighting how girls and boys enact leadership and are depicted as leaders. Children’s leadership, in its multifaceted manifestations, suggest the possibility and actuality of the child leader, reminding us, at the same time, that a/the child is rooted in wider structures of social life, including institutions and schools, NGOs and various organizations that focus on children’s leisure time.

    Children turn into efficient indicators to leadership scholars of the need to examine social undercurrents – for example: to explore how children and others in a wider sense become “Heroes” as they turn into (recognized) leaders, rather than relying on assumptions that middle-aged men in the corporate world just happen to be both. A critical question is how children’s leadership can be understood; taking complexity and multiplicity into account (e.g. the importance of gender-age-race-class-…), and being attentive to simultaneous demonstrations of similarities and differences relating to adult/generic leadership. Any input from childhood studies? In childhood studies there is no (empirical or theoretical) focus on leadership, as one current literature review suggests. The established and often discussed concept of agency, however, offer theoretical possibilities in developing our understanding of relational prerequisites and the different effects of leadership. Consequently, the vocabulary of this paper involves concepts from childhood studies and leadership studies, for empirical and theoretical explorations of children’s leadership and the child as leader.

  • 377.
    Cardell, David
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Sjöberg, Johanna
    Market intimacy: The baby box and becoming parents2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Corporations approach parents, globally, for example through direct marketing. This paper highlights a specific marketing practice – called the baby box offering becoming parents “freebies” for their children, including diapers, pacifiers, toys, and detergents. In Sweden, baby boxes are distributed by companies such as the diaper brand Libero and by pharmacies. Parents-to-be announce their interest and receive products that are handy when caring for a new-born. The box is a starting point in a relation to companies in the child care business, meant to stimulate consumption. Having accepted a baby box, various companies follow up with advertising. The composition of the baby boxes says something about how companies in the childcare business imagine what parents and new borns need and want. Thereby, boxes expose ideas about what parents and infants are. As baby boxes are distributed to expecting parents, before or early in their parenthood, they have the potential to orientate them and generate a sense of meaning in relation to their child(ren). This paper approaches the constitution of parenthood and children, scrutinizing the meanings of the baby box, as materialized educational policies. The paper thus aims to provide insights regarding marketing practices and notions of children and parenthood in consumer culture. Developing the notion of market intimacy, we argue that corporations associate infants with specific products and brands, which are made relevant in the unfolding of future temporalities. Taken together, we suggest that the baby boxes create a platform for corporations to become a part of the co-constitution of parenthood, family, and childhood. Our arguments are based on an analysis of: boxes and their contents, distribution (including ethnographic encounters in stores), and “unboxing” events, presented on YouTube.

  • 378.
    Caretta, Martina Angela
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Casa Rut: A Multilevel Analysis of a “Good Practice” in the Social Assistance of Sexually Trafficked Nigerian Women2015In: Affilia, ISSN 0886-1099, E-ISSN 1552-3020, Vol. 30, no 40, p. 546-559Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article depicts the case study of Casa Rut (“Ruth Home”), a shelter for victims of sexual trafficking, who are predominantly Nigerian women. Since 1995, through the implementation of article 18 of the consolidated act on immigration, Casa Rut has offered a program of social assistance and rehabilitation to 340 women, 120 of whom were Nigerian and 41 of whom were pregnant. Data gathered during a two-month internship between 2008 and 2009 are examined in light of the context of the Nigerian sexual trafficking operation and its collusion with the local criminal organization Camorra in the surroundings of the southern Italian city of Caserta.

    Casa Rut’s interventions are analyzed according to a multilevel perspective and the nature of victims’ case management in order to assess whether this NGO can be considered to represent “good practice” in the fight against sexual trafficking. Hence, the work of the social cooperative NewHope—a tailoring cooperative founded in 2004 by Casa Rut that provides vocational training to formerly trafficked women—is considered in relation to the long-term employment needs of sexual trafficking victims.

    Human and sexual trafficking has not been extensively investigated within social work, even though practitioners are best positioned to address this issue. This work therefore aims to facilitate social service providers in their everyday activities by presenting multilevel evidence of “good practice” in the fight against the modern day slave trade. 

  • 379.
    Caretta, Martina Angela
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    “Credit plus” microcredit schemes: a key to women's adaptive capacity2014In: Climate and Development, ISSN 1756-5529, E-ISSN 1756-5537, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 179-184Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the provision of “credit plus” training activities, conditionally and jointly with microloans by Equity Bank and by Swedish non-governmental organization Vi-Skogen in the area of Kisumu, Kenya to women's groups as a key to improving women's capacity to adapt to climate change. Groups received training in small business administration and agroforestry, which produced positive outcomes or a virtuous spiral in their families' economy, well-being and in their intra-household bargaining power. In agroforestry and new farming practices, group training enhanced the women's set of planned adaptation strategies. In a context where formal financial institutions are still reluctant to provide credit to subsistence farmers, this case study shows the beneficial effects that credit would generate for women's adaptive capacity.

  • 380.
    Caretta, Martina Angela
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Member checking: A feminist participatory analysis of the use of preliminary results pamphlets in cross-cultural, cross-language research2016In: Qualitative Research, ISSN 1468-7941, E-ISSN 1741-3109, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 305-318Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Participation and reflexivity have become buzzwords that are seldom discussed in terms of their practical employment. Against this backdrop, with a specific focus on geography, this article presents and analyzes the advantages and limitations of a methodological tool that seeks to enhance both reflexivity and participation. The tool was a pamphlet written in local languages that contained several pictures and summarized the data gathered in previous fieldwork sessions. This tool was used in a four-year research project on the gender division of labor in smallholder irrigation farming in Kenya and Tanzania. The pamphlet showed participants their contributions to the research process and offered them the opportunity to correct, improve and further discuss previously collected data. It not only ensured research validity but also allowed for a shift in the research power hierarchy. Finally, the pamphlet effectively created a space for inclusion, discussion and reciprocal learning, leading to collective reflexivity and catalytic validity by empowering participants and re-orienting the researcher.

  • 381. Caretta, Martina Angela
    et al.
    Webster, Natasha Alexandra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    “What kept me going was stubbornness”: Perspectives from Swedish early career women academics in geography2016In: Investigaciones Feministas, ISSN 2171-6080, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 89-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The rise of neoliberalism is creating inequalities for women as they balance their private lives and career trajectories. Geography as a middle sized discipline bridging the social and physical sciences offers insights into the ways neoliberal policies are felt by early career women (ECW). Using a life course model, this study presents the results of a workshop which sought to explore the ways in which women geographers, in Sweden, perceive and experience obstacles in their career advancement and which coping strategies they put in place to overcome those. The results show the blurring of the ECW ´s work and private lives. We find the experiences of ECW in Swedish geography departments are consistent with those of women in other countries. We conclude that ECW carry extra burdens in their career trajectories as academics due to increasingly neoliberal working environments, lack of mentorship, and an increasing pressure to produce measurable outputs and precarious employment. We argue that initiatives and programs aimed at retaining women in academia need to take on a broader perspective acknowledging the entanglement of women´s private and public spheres.

  • 382.
    Carlson, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy. University of Gävle, Sweden.
    Sex, Biological Functions and Social Norms: A Simple Constructivist Theory of Sex2016In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 18-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Feminist theory needs a constructivist account of biological sex for at least two reasons. The first is that as long as female and male are the only two sexes that are taken for granted, being cisgender, heterosexual, and preferably a parent will be the norm, and being intersexed, transgender, bi- or homosexual, infertile or voluntarily childless will be deemed failure. The second is the fact that, usually, sex and gender come together in the way that is expected, i.e. the fact that most females are women and most males are men needs to be explained. This paper provides a constructivist theory of sex, which is that the sex categories depend on norms of reproduction. I argue that, because the sex categories are defined according to the two functions or causal roles in reproduction, and biological function is a teleological concept involving purposes, goals, and values, female and male are normative categories. As there are no norms or values in nature, normative categories are social constructions; hence, female and male are not natural but social categories. Once we understand that biological normativity is social, biological norms of heterosexuality, fertility, and so on are no longer incontestable. In addition, as many gender norms also concern reproduction-socially mediated reproduction-this simple theory of sex explains the common confluence of sex and gender.

  • 383.
    Carlsson, Christoffer
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Sarnecki, Jerzy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    An Introduction to Life-Course Criminology2016Book (Other academic)
  • 384.
    Carlsson, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Hemvårdarinnor, pigor och hembiträden: Att välja forskningsfokus igår och idag2014In: Methods, interventions, and reflections: report from the X Nordic women's and gender history conference in Bergen, August 9-12, 2012 / [ed] Ulla Manns, Fia Sundevall, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 385.
    Castagno, Nicolás
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    The development of a Natural Resource Management Policy: A discourse analysis on soybean farming during Uruguay’s agricultural regime shift (2000-2010)2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies symbolic power within Uruguay’s agricultural regime shiftbetween 2000 and 2010. This socio-ecological system (SES) has been changing froman agricultural-livestock farming system to one dominated by intensive cropagriculture. The aim is to understand the role of a natural resource managementprogram (NRMP) within the processes that are leading to a different state. The mainresearch method is a discursive analysis of actors’ position-taking regarding thechange in agriculture.The main results indicate that: 1) an interacting regime shift took place in Uruguaywhere a new type of agricultural producer was the main driver that generated multipledomain and scale effects; 2) soil erosion as technological and neutral problememerges as a consequence of the struggle between actors’ interpretations of theagricultural changes; 3) a reorganization cycle takes place in natural resourcemanagement program (NRMP); 4) NRMP promotes a further reorganization ofresources: development of new scientific research problems and 5) a regime shift isobservable in natural resource management: ecological knowledge is based on powerrelations rather than on historical experience.The study concludes that symbolic relations of power during a regime shift are ofgreat importance to understand how a society institutionalizes a management programand develops ecological knowledge. In turn, NRMP plays a fundamental role duringthat system reorganization phase, as it sustains certain exploitation of the naturalresources through the promotion of new ecological knowledge. The recommendation for RS theory is to situate natural resource management and ecological knowledge asparts of the dynamics of a social-ecological system.

  • 386.
    Castaldo Lundén, Elizabeth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, Fashion Studies.
    Comunicación responsable de la violencia de género2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 387.
    Castaldo Lundén, Elizabeth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, Fashion Studies.
    The Case of Lux Flakes: The Costume Designers as Fashion Experts and Endorsers during the Studio Era2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 388. Ceder, Simon
    et al.
    Karin, Gunnarsson
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Som en hand på axeln: Beröring som posthumanistiskt feministiskt fenomen2017In: Studier i Pædagogisk Filosofi, ISSN 2244-9140, E-ISSN 2244-9140, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 5-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    [A Hand on the Shoulder: Touch as a Posthuman Feminist Phenomenon] With a posthuman feminist perspective, we explore touch as a phenomenon in the philosophy of education. Our argument is that touch is one of the prominent phenomena in educational contexts and therefore it requires closer theoretical investigation. In this article, we seek to challenge a ‘subject centric’ and ‘anthropocentric’ perspective, proposing a posthuman approach where touch is relationally intra-active and constantly present with multiple directions. Inspired by the methodological approach ‘concept as method’, we explore the phenomenon of touch through tracing-and-cartographing how it is used in educational texts. Two central aspects – body and ‘natureculture’– appeared in the intersection of touch, education and posthuman feminism. Touch as an educational phenomenon is seen as active in highlighting everyday activities in educational practices, and pushing them to be questioned and disrupted. To conclude, we raise a few questions and discuss some challenges that emerged while working with touch as a posthuman feminist phenomenon.

  • 389.
    Cederborg, Ann-Christin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Att lyssna på barn och ungdomar2014In: Barnperspektiv i socialtjänstens arbete / [ed] Ann-Christin Cederborg, Malmö: Gleerup , 2014, 1, p. 141-164Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 390.
    Cederborg, Ann-Christin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Barnperspektiv i myndighetsutövning2012In: Locus, ISSN 1100-3197, no 1-2, p. 21p. 6-21Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 391.
    Cederborg, Ann-Christin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Barnperspektiv i socialtjänstens arbete2014 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 392.
    Cederborg, Ann-Christin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Repetition of contaminating question types when children and youths with intellectual disabilities are interviewed.2009Report (Other academic)
  • 393.
    Cederborg, Ann-Christin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Utsatta barn och ungdomar2014In: Barnperspektiv i socialtjänstens arbete / [ed] Ann-Christin Cederborg, Malmö: Gleerup , 2014, 1, p. 49-69Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 394.
    Cederborg, Ann-Christin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Alm, Charlotte
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lima da Silva Nises, Djaildes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Lamb, Michael. E
    Investigative interviewing of alleged child abuse victims: an evaluation of a new training programme for investigative interviewers2013In: Police Practice & Research, ISSN 1561-4263, E-ISSN 1477-271X, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 242-254Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This evaluation focused on the developing interviewing skills of 104 active crimeinvestigators in Sweden who participated in six different half-year courses between 2007 and 2010. The courses emphasised a combined model of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Protocol and the PEACE model of investigative interviewing. The teaching was interdisciplinary. The evaluation involved interviews of 208 children, most of whom were suspected victims of physical abuse. The investigators used two-thirds fewer option-posing questions and three times as many invitations after training as they did before training. These data show that the training was very effective in shaping the interviewers behaviour into better compliance with internationally recognised guidelines.

  • 395.
    Cederborg, Ann-Christin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Keselman, O
    Linell, P
    "That is not necessary for you to know!": Negotiation of participation status of unaccompanied children in interpreter-mediated asylum hearings.2009In: Interpreting, ISSN 1384-6647, E-ISSN 1569-982XArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 396.
    Cederborg, Ann-Christin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Ringmar Sylwander, Kim
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Blom, Karen Ann
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Research Expanding Current Understandings of Bullying in Sweden2016In: Pensamiento Psicológico, ISSN 1657-8961, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 131-146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the on-going research on the phenomenon of bullying in the Department of Child andYouth Studies at Stockholm University. The paper describes the reasons, and how to contribute with anunderstanding of bullying as a social group phenomenon, and specifically focuses on inductive ethnographicand cyberethnographic approaches toward peer-to-peer interactions in schools, preschools and on theInternet. The understanding of this phenomenon is based on a Swedish interdisciplinary approach whichincludes children’s perspectives. The objective is to explore bullying as a complex social group phenomenonwhich allows for a focus on the process of bullying, thus creating an opportunity for the enhancement of theunderstanding of inter- and intra-connected actions and perspectives. This article is intended to contribute toa discussion on a broadening of the conceptualization of the phenomenon of bullying.

  • 397.
    Cele, Sofia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Children in Interaction with Urban Space: The Challenges of Children's Participation2005In: Revista de Psihologie Aplicata, Vol. 6, no 3-4, p. 71-80Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 398. Chapin, III F.S.
    et al.
    Kofinas, G.P.
    Folke, Carl
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Carpenter, S.R.
    Olsson, Per
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Abel, N
    Biggs, Reinette Oonsie
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Naylor, R.L
    Pinkerton, E
    Stafford-Smith, D.M.
    Steffen, W.L.
    Walker, B.H.
    Young, O.R
    Resilience-based stewardship: Strategies for navigating sustainable pathways in a changing world.2009In: Principles of ecosystem stewardship:: Resilience-based natural resource management in a changing world / [ed] F.S. Chapin, III, G.P. Kofinas and C. Folke, New York: Springer Verlag , 2009, p. 319-337Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Accelerated global changes in climate, environment, and social–ecological systems demand a transformation in human perceptions of our place in nature and patterns of resource use. The biology and culture of Homo sapiens evolved for about 95% of our species’ history in hunting-and-gathering societies before the emergence of settled agriculture. We have lived in complex societies for about 3%, and in industrial societies using fossil fuels for about 0.1% of our history. The pace of cultural evolution, including governance arrangements and resource-use patterns, appears insufficient to adjust to the rate and magnitude of technological innovations, human population increases, and environmental impacts that have occurred. Many of these changes are accelerating, causing unsustainable exploitation of ecosystems, including many boreal and tropical forests, drylands, and marine fisheries. The net effect has been serious degradation of the planet’s life-support system on which societal development ultimately depends (see Chapters 2 and 14.

  • 399.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Heder och sexuellt våld: En undersökning av medeltida isländska källor2005In: Hedersmord: Tusen år av hederskulturer, Historiska media, Lund , 2005, p. 47-75Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 400.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Utbildning på forskarnivå vid Stockholms universitet: Resultat från studentkårens doktorandenkät 2012/20132014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Stockholms universitets studentkår genomförde läsåret 2012/2013 en omfattande enkätundersökning riktad till alla aktiva doktorander vid Stockholms universitet för att belysa utbildningen på forskarnivå ur ett doktorandperspektiv. Detta är rapporten från enkätundersökningen med presentation och analys av resultaten och vissa rekommendationer till förbättringar. De villkor för doktoranderna, som framkommit av doktorandenkäten, diskuteras utifrån resultaten från tidigare doktorandundersökningar vid Stockholms universitet och doktorandundersökningar som gjorts vid andra lärosäten i Sverige.

    Det framkommer av doktorandenkäten att det skett avsevärda förbättringar av utbildningen på forskarnivå vid Stockholms universitet de senaste cirka tio åren. Överlag verkar också utbildningen på forskarnivå vid Stockholms universitet i många avseenden fungera bättre än vid de flesta andra svenska lärosäten. Alla svaren i doktorandenkäten har särskilt analyserats utifrån respondenternas fakultetstillhörighet, kön, ålder, föräldrarnas utbildningsnivå och genomsnittlig uppgiven veckoarbetstid. Ingen av dessa faktorer har någon märkbar inverkan på de flesta svarsvariabler. Ett särskilt viktigt resultat är att fakultetsskillnaderna är mycket små avseende hur doktoranderna upplever sin situation och att könsskillnaden dessutom är avsevärt mindre än vad som framträtt i tidigare undersökningar.

    Fem brister som tycks framstå som mer generella problem, vilka särskilt bör försöka åtgärdas, har kunnat identifieras utifrån svaren i doktorandenkäten: 1) otillräcklig introduktion till utbildningen på forskarnivå för nyantagna doktorander, 2) avsaknad av adekvat karriärvägledning för doktorander och nydisputerade forskare, 3) otillräckliga åtgärder vid institutioner där den psykosociala arbetsmiljön brister för doktoranderna, 4) villkoren för ett gott handledarskap är inte överallt de bästa, och 5) det vetenskapliga samtalsklimatet och den vetenskapliga ambitionsnivån från institutionernas sida tycks ibland lämna övrigt att önska.

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