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  • 351.
    Carbin, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Det problematiska systerskapet: Purpurfärgen och postkolonial feminism2005Inngår i: Feministisk teori i rörliga bilder / [ed] Katharina Tollin & Maria Törnqvist, Malmö: Liber , 2005, 1, s. 83-110Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 352.
    Carbin, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Det problematiska systerskapet: Purpurfärgen och postkolonial feminism2008Inngår i: Feministisk teori i rörliga bilder / [ed] Katharina Tollin & Maria Törnqvist, Malmö: Liber , 2008, 2, s. 83-110Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 353.
    Carbin, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Mellan tystnad och tal: Flickor och hedersvåld i svensk offentlig politik2010Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the contestations around the question of how violence against young women from ethnic minorities was articulated in Swedish public policy debates from 1995-2008. One core question investigated in this study is how the “new” problem of co called honour killings is categorised and understood within gender equality policies against violence and policies of immigrant integration. The thesis explores how different discourses compete and negotiate to make sense of the violence and try to stabilise meaning. Another aim of the thesis concerns the construction of available subject positions for young women, and the potential effects in terms of possibilities and restrictions for subjects to speak politically. The research material consists of parliamentary debates, major government documents, official government inquiries into integration and gender equality, as well as documents from the Swedish Integration Board and the County Administrative Boards. The analysis draws upon discourse theory and feminist postcolonial theory to explore what positions are made available to young women in policy discourses. Four competing discourses are identified: a multicultural discourse, a discourse of value-clashes, a discourse of structural discrimination and finally a gender power-discourse. However, in policies against honour related violence the violence is primarily understood as originating in a cultural and value-based heritage of certain immigrant communities. This study furthermore illustrates how girls are required to speak and make testimonies on their situation. The ways the stories of the girls are used make them into boundary markers between Swedish and non-Swedish. It is argued that letting the girls speak and listen to them might make it possible to understand some of the potential problems they face. Nevertheless, it might not form an agenda for changing the bigger political picture.

  • 354.
    Carbin, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Beckman, LudvigStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.Mörkenstam, UlfStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.Reinikainen, JouniStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.Näsström, SofiaStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Texter i samtida politisk teori2009Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 355. Carbin, Maria
    et al.
    Jansson, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Introduktion till politisk teori2017Inngår i: Politik och kön: Feministiska perspektiv på statsvetenskap / [ed] Lenita Freidenvall, Maria Jansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, s. 35-52Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 356.
    Carlsen, Henrik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Eriksson, E. Anders
    Dreborg, Karl Henrik
    Johansson, Bengt
    Bodin, Örjan
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Systematic exploration of scenario spaces2016Inngår i: Foresight, ISSN 1463-6689, E-ISSN 1465-9832, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 59-75Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - Scenarios have become a vital methodological approach in business as well as in public policy. When scenarios are used to guide analysis and decision-making, the aim is typically robustness and in this context we argue that two main problems at scenario set level is conservatism, i.e. all scenarios are close to a perceived business-as-usual trajectory and lack of balance in the sense of arbitrarily mixing some conservative and some extreme scenarios. The purpose of this paper is to address these shortcomings by proposing a methodology for generating sets of scenarios which are in a mathematical sense maximally diverse. Design/methodology/approach - In this paper, we develop a systematic methodology, Scenario Diversity Analysis (SDA), which addresses the problems of broad span vs conservatism and imbalance. From a given set of variables with associated states, SDA generates scenario sets where the scenarios are in a quantifiable sense maximally different and therefore best span the whole set of feasible scenarios. Findings - The usefulness of the methodology is exemplified by applying it to sets of storylines of the emissions scenarios of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. This ex-post analysis shows that the storylines were not maximally diverse and given the challenges ahead with regard to emissions reduction and adaptation planning, we argue that it is important to strive for diversity when developing scenario sets for climate change research. Originality/value - The proposed methodology adds significant novel features to the field of systematic scenario generation, especially with regard to scenario diversity. The methodology also enables the combination of systematics with the distinct future logics of good intuitive logics scenarios.

  • 357.
    Carlsson, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Demokratisk innovation eller ett spel för gallerierna?: En demokratiteoretisk utvärdering av Participatory Budgeting i en svensk kommun2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 poäng / 120 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to explore the institutional design of Participatory Budgeting (PB) in Sweden and how the design may contribute to realize central democratic goods. The study records the different PB experiences in Sweden and focuses on one particular case, which is the only case that successfully qualifies as a genuine PB-process according to international standards and definitions. To examine this, the following questions are asked: which municipalities in Sweden have implemented Participatory Budgeting? How can the institutional design of Participatory Budgeting be described and to what extent does it enable the realization of central democratic goods? To what extent does the institutional design enable the realization of the democratic goods inclusion, popular control, considered judgment and transparency? To what extent does the institutional design enable the realization of the institutional goods of efficiency and transferability?

    The study is based on an institutional theory of democracy. The method used is a mixed method ideal type analysis that combines document analysis, surveys and interviews. The results of the study indicates that the PB-institutions has multiple flaws regarding the way it enables the realization of numerous of the democratic goods analyzed. The institutional design does not pay enough attention to inclusion of different social groups including marginalized groups, popular control is restricted to issues of low political salience and the PB process does not live up to the transparency level expected from a democratic institution. On the other hand, the institutional design of the PB process does take into account some aspects of inclusion among the youth inhabitants and the process has been effective in the sense that it has delivered physical results quickly. 

  • 358.
    Carrington, Thomas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Consulting or holding to account?: The Swedish National Audit Office as an agent of change in public administration2017Inngår i: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 119, nr 1, s. 91-109Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the impact of the performance audits of a national audit office, Sweden’s Riksrevisionen, on the public administration it audits. It does so by investigating how the auditee perceives their relationship with the auditor in terms of accountability and consulting with the aim to explore the role of the national audit office as an agent of change in the entities of the public administration. Riksrevi- sionen is found to take a consulting approach in their performance audits and the stronger the relationship is perceived as consulting, the higher the propensity to change. The same relationship is found with regard to the accountability relationship when the accountability pressure is perceived internally in the organization. When the accountability pressure is external no relationship with change can be corroborated. 

  • 359.
    Castaldo Lundén, Elizabeth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier, Modevetenskap.
    Dior Salve a la Reina: Cristina Fernández's Fashionable Pleasures and her Constant War Against the Media2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Is an austerity discourse compatible with ostentation? And if so, how can the contempt against the middle class be compatible with the veneration of a rich leader? Why is Cristina Fernandez’s indulgent luxury forgiven while the working middle class is stigmatized as privileged oligarchs? How does this relate to the controversial and iconic figure of Eva Duarte de Perón? The paper describes the dichotomy between Cristina Fernandez’s national populist discourse and her personal preference for high-end brands that had turned her into a fashion icon, capturing the attention of fashion bloggers, international newspapers and even Vogue. Theoretically framed by O’Donell’s conceptualization of Delegative Democracies, the presentation will explore how disguised under a veneer of socialism—and pursuing Chavez’s model for Venezuela—Argentina's president has mobilized a campaign to control the local Media that lead to confrontation with those journalists who persistently try to unmask her luxurious lifestyle, shopping preferences, and unclear finances. This contradiction between luxury and utterance is not new to the Argentine masses. The iconic figure of Evita was often under attack accused of enjoying the same lifestyle as those she criticized. The parallelism between these two figures draws an interesting conclusion about the role of Media, performance, nostalgia, and fandom in Latin-American politics. *Play on words exchanging Dios (God) for Dior as in Dior (God) Save the Queen.

  • 360.
    Casula Vifell, Åsa
    Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Speaking with forked tongues: Swedish public administration and the European employment strategy2009Inngår i: European Integration Online Papers, ISSN 1027-5193, E-ISSN 1027-5193, Vol. 13, nr july 7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to understand how decision making processes within the EU comes to affect the structures for national policy making within the employment field. The paper addresses the question of how the process of writing new employment guidelines for the EES – European employment strategy, has affected the work of the Swedish public administration. Through applying a neo-institutionalist perspective, it contributes to the understanding of effects that the increased embededness of states, often characterized as Europeanization, invoke on national administrations. I argue that the way the process has been managed can be analyzed from an organizational perspective where conflicting demands on the Swedish state has led to a certain organization of the work activities. On the one hand, Swedish representatives have to act according to the norms of the European cooperation in order to be seen as a legitimate actor. On the other hand, EU and European influence on Swedish employment policy is not a legitimate concept at national level. In order to satisfy these two seemingly incompatible demands the organizing principle of decoupling is being used to create space for maneuvering for the administration. However, through participation at EU-level organizational identities are partly transformed which in time leads to a situation where changed practices are not met by changes in formal structures. As a consequence the Swedish representatives are in a manner ‘speaking with forked tongue’ and obscuring the new way in which policy making is conducted thus introducing democratic shortcomings in terms of transparency and accountability.

  • 361.
    Casula Vifell, Åsa
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. Södertörn University College, Sweden.
    Sjögren, Ebba
    The Legal Mind of the Internal Market: A Governmentality Perspective on the Judicialization of Monitoring Practices2014Inngår i: Journal of Common Market Studies, ISSN 0021-9886, E-ISSN 1468-5965, Vol. 52, nr 3, s. 461-478Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to contribute to the understanding of the broader effects of monitoring practices in the European Union. The empirical setting is Solvit, a Commission-initiated network tasked with informal resolution of misapplications of internal market directives by national authorities. All Member States must operate a Solvit centre within their administrations. Using a governmentality approach, the article investigates the normative underpinnings of the technologies deployed by Solvit and the experts which operate them. A survey study of the Solvit network shows the development of an EU identity and a cognitive judicialization which contributes to a depoliticization of issues. This allows Solvit to expand its remit from ex post monitoring to ex ante regulation. While a governance instrument can be designed for a delimited task, a governmentality approach highlights more general mechanisms by which such an instrument's influence and reach may be extended beyond its modest appearances.

  • 362.
    Causevic, Amar
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Sweden.
    Al-Marashi, Ibrahim
    Can NATO evolve into a climate alliance treaty organization in the Middle East?2020Inngår i: Bulletin of the atomic scientists, ISSN 0096-3402, E-ISSN 1938-3282, Vol. 76, nr 2, s. 97-101Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    NATO's current security doctrine needs to change. It needs to enhance its political will and institutional capacity to manage climate change threats, both within the alliance itself and within the area most vulnerable to its southern flank: the Middle East. NATO will need to evolve into a CATO, a Climate Alliance Treaty Organization, that deals with the security implications of potential tipping points and develops policies in response. A case study as to how NATO can assume this role can be seen in how the organization dealt with environmental issues in Iraq, in the aftermath of war with the Islamic State.

  • 363.
    Cavalli, Hans
    Stockholms högskola.
    Om statslån och statsskulder: rättsliga studier kring § 76 regeringsformen1942Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 364.
    Cederlöf, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Are the labor market conditions causing the terms of trade to deteriorate?: A statistical evaluation of the Prebisch- Singer hypothesis.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines to what extent weak labor unions and an abundance of labor have a negative effect on less developed countries terms of trade, as hypothesized by Hans Singer (1950) and Rául Prebisch (1950). Using a sample from panel data for 74 less developed countries during the period 1980 – 2010 in OLS-regressions with fixed effects, I find some evidence that weak labor unions and abundance of labor is negatively correlated with the terms of trade, which could be interpreted in favor of the Prebisch-Singer hypothesis. The marginal effect of an abundance of labor also appears to have less negative impact on the terms of trade as labor unions grow stronger.

  • 365.
    Chahboun, Naima
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Nonideal theory and compliance—A clarification2015Inngår i: European Journal of Political Theory, ISSN 1474-8851, E-ISSN 1741-2730, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 229-245Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the various ways in which nonideal theory responds to noncompliance with ideal principles of justice. Taking Rawls’ definition of nonideal theory as my point of departure, I propose an understanding of this concept as comprising two subparts: Complementary nonideal theory responds to deliberate and avoidable noncompliance and consists mainly of theories of civil disobedience, rebellion, and retribution. Substitutive nonideal theory responds to nondeliberate and unavoidable noncompliance and consists mainly of theories of transition and caretaking. I further argue that a special case of substitutive nonideal theory may arise when noncompliance is a result of a lack of motivation among citizens. This situation, I suggest, calls for nonideal theorizing (1) when our aim is to evaluate the political actions undertaken by specific members of a society (in particular the ruling elite) whose set of feasible options is constrained as a result of others’ lack of motivation and (2) when a situation of mutually reinforcing distrust and noncooperation—sometimes called a “social trap”—constrains the feasible option set of the entire population. The main advantage of the twofold conceptualization of nonideal theory is that it bridges the theoretical gap between actor-oriented and situation-based accounts of justice: It allows us to preserve the term ideal justice for justice under minimal feasibility constraints, while recognizing that a situation where all agents comply with their duties must in some sense be characterized as just.

  • 366.
    Chahboun, Naima
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Three Feasibility Constraints on the Concept of Justice2017Inngår i: Res Publica, ISSN 1356-4765, E-ISSN 1572-8692, Vol. 23, nr 4, s. 431-452Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The feasibility constraint on the concept of justice roughly states that a necessary (but not sufficient) condition for something to qualify as a conception of justice is that it is possible to achieve and maintain given the conditions of the human world. In this paper, I propose three alternative interpretations of this constraint that could be derived from different understandings of the Kantian formula 'ought implies can': the ability constraint, the motivational constraint and the institutional constraint. I argue that the three constraints constitute a sequence in the sense that accepting the motivational constraint presupposes that we accept the ability constraint, and to accept the institutional constraint presupposes that we accept both previous constraints. Adding the possibility of rejecting all three constraints, we get four distinct metatheoretical positions that theorists could take vis-a-vis the feasibility constraint on justice.

  • 367.
    Chalmers, Adam William
    et al.
    Leiden University.
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Fiscal redistribution and public support for European integrationInngår i: European Union Politics, ISSN 1465-1165, E-ISSN 1741-2757, nr 16:3, s. 386-407Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article contributes to existing debates on public opinion towards European integration by examining when and why fiscal transfers and public support are systematically related. Drawing on economic and identity-related theories, we develop and test hypotheses about the links between EU fiscal transfers among countries and subnational jurisdictions, and citizens’ support for European integration. Using a three-level analysis of residents in 143 regions in 16 EU member states, we find a positive effect of EU transfers among both countries and subnational jurisdictions on support for European integration among those with a European communal identity. We also find that this effect increases the more politically aware individuals are. The article sketches the broader implications of our findings for public opinion research on regional integration beyond the European Union.

  • 368. Chalmers, Adam William
    et al.
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Fiscal redistribution and public support for European integration2015Inngår i: European Union Politics, ISSN 1465-1165, E-ISSN 1741-2757, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 386-407Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article contributes to existing debates on public opinion toward European integration by examining when and why fiscal transfers and public support are systematically related. Drawing on economic and identity-related theories, we develop and test hypotheses about the links between European Union fiscal transfers among countries and subnational jurisdictions, and citizens' support for European integration. Using a three-level analysis of residents in 143 regions in 16 European Union member states, we find a positive effect of European Union transfers among both countries and subnational jurisdictions on support for European integration among those with a European communal identity. We also find that this effect increases the more politically aware individuals are. The article sketches the broader implications of our findings for public opinion research on regional integration beyond the European Union.

  • 369.
    Champlin, Daniel
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The Lisbon Treaty and Parliaments: Status, Democracy, and Opinions2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 370.
    Chiti, Elena
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för Asien-, Mellanöstern- och Turkietstudier, Avdelningen för mellanösternstudier.
    The Crisis as an Institutional Tool: Challenging Anti-Institutional Challenges in the Egyptian Cultural Field2019Inngår i: Culture and Crisis in the Arab World: Art, Practice and Production in Spaces of Conflict / [ed] Richard Jacquemond, Felix Lang, I.B. Tauris, 2019, s. 103-128Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 371. Christoyannopoulos, Alexandre
    et al.
    Adams, Matthew S.
    Essays in anarchism and religion: Volume 12017Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Anarchism and religion have historically had an uneasy relationship. Indeed, representatives of both sides have regularly insisted on the fundamental incompatibility of anarchist and religious ideas and practices. Yet, ever since the emergence of anarchism as an intellectual and political movement, a considerable number of religious anarchists have insisted that their religious tradition necessarily implies an anarchist political stance. Their stories are finally gaining increasing public and scholarly attention.

    Reflecting both a rise of interest in anarchist ideas and activism on the one hand, and the revival of religious ideas and movements in the political sphere on the other, this book examines a range of examples of overlaps and contestations between the two from a diverse range of academic perspectives.

    The first pioneering volume of Essays in Anarchism & Religion comprises eight essays from leading international scholars on topics ranging from the anarchism of the historical Jesus to Zen Buddhism and the philosophies of Max Stirner and Pierre-Joseph Proudhon.

    In a world where political ideas increasingly matter once more, and religion is an increasingly visible aspect of global political life, these essays offer scholarly analysis of overlooked activists, ideas and movements, and as such reveal the possibility of a powerful critique of contemporary global society.

  • 372. Ciccia, Rossella
    et al.
    Sainsbury, Diane
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Gendering welfare state analysis: tensions between care and paid work2018Inngår i: European Journal of Politics and Gender, ISSN 2515-1088, Vol. 1, nr 1-2, s. 93-109Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article revisits comparative research on gender relations and the welfare state through the lens of the tensions between paid work and care. It discusses how these tensions shaped the intellectual enterprise of gendering welfare state analysis and women's political activity in the welfare state, as well as the emergence of normative perspectives to overcome divisions between care and paid work. It concludes by identifying three challenges for future research posed by intersectionality, immigration and the gender implications of long-term welfare state change. Nonetheless, the greatest cross-cutting challenge remains the need to balance care and paid work in feminist analysis of welfare states.

  • 373.
    Cisneros Örnberg, Jenny
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    A solitary case: Swedish tobacco policy as harm reduction?2013Inngår i: Drugs and alcohol today, ISSN 1745-9265, E-ISSN 2042-8359, Vol. 13, nr 2, s. 102-110Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This paper aims to analyse Swedish tobacco policy, especially in relation to EU tobacco regulation. The paper also seeks to review the arguments and the scientific support presented in the debate around Swedish snus, setting it in the context of future EU regulation on tobacco.

    Design/methodology/approach – The article draws on previous research, official documents and newspaper articles to examine tobacco policy development on a national and EU level.

    Findings – The paper shows that the so-called Swedish experience has led to a somewhat ambivalent political attitude towards tobacco policy. The Swedish case of snus also demonstrates the EU as a political and regulatory force in national policymaking and how different economic and political interests are using scientifically based arguments to advance goals of their own. The paper argues that political measures are dictated by ideology and political considerations, which are themselves supported by ambiguous scientific results. Harm reduction is used as a political tool in a debate which extends well beyond public health concerns.

    Originality/value – This paper contributes to research on tobacco policy in general and on Swedish snus in particular. The paper also puts the snus question in a broader context of national public health policy and EU regulation.

  • 374.
    Cisneros Örnberg, Jenny
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Alcohol policy in the European Union2012Inngår i: European Union Public Health Policy: Regional and global trends / [ed] Scott L. Greer, Paulette Kurtzer, London & New York: Routledge, 2012, s. 168-180Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 375.
    Cisneros Örnberg, Jenny
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Innanför och utanför nationens gränser: svensk alkoholpolitik i förändring2012Inngår i: Samhället, alkoholen och drogerna: Politik, konstruktioner och dilemman / [ed] Jessica Storbjörk, Stockholm: Stockholms universitets förlag, 2012, s. 71-87Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan Sverige gick med i den Europeiska Unionen (EU) har den nationella alkoholpolitiken genomgått stora förändringar. Detta har setts som en tvingande konsekvens av själva medlemskapet eftersom EU:s regler om fri rörlighet av varor inte har rimmat med Sveriges syn på alkohol som en folkhälsofråga. Frågan är dock om det enbart är själva medlemskapet som drivit fram förändringarna eller om de lika mycket beror på ändrad inställning och attityd bland svenskarna. Det här kapitlet redogör för de 17 år som förflutit sedan Sverige trädde in i EU. Det beskriver de lagändringar som Sverige gjort i alkoholfrågan och de mekanismer som drivit fram dessa. Det berättar också hur Sverige genom konsekvent påtryckning, forskning och kunskapsspridning lyckats medverka till en attitydförändring inom EU och lyfta alkoholfrågan till att också bli en fråga om folkhälsa. Det är berättelsen om hur ett litet medlemsland, med hjälp av goda argument och stöd från andra länder, kan påverka EU:s politiska utveckling.

  • 376.
    Cisneros Örnberg, Jenny
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Nordic gambling markets and the possibilities for state-level control2006Inngår i: Journal of Gambling Issues, ISSN 1494-5185, nr 18, s. 9-29Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Gambling has gone through considerable changes during recent decades with new forms of gambling, increased turnover, and increasingly extensive marketing of different modes of gambling. At the same time, the monopolistic structure of state-controlled gambling has been questioned by media and private actors on national and European Union (EU) levels. The focus has increasingly ended up on legal interpretations of the possibilities of and the obstacles for state regulation, which has recently placed Nordic gambling monopolies under scrutiny.

    The purpose of this article is to clarify the legal arrangements for gambling in the Nordic countries and also how the different countries have chosen to react to increased pressure for deregulation of this area. The article describes how gambling is regulated in the five different countries and analyses what parts of the legal framework of the EU are a threat to the existing gambling systems in these countries.

  • 377.
    Cisneros Örnberg, Jenny
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Sweden, the EU and the alcohol traveller’s allowances2010Inngår i: Contemporary Drug Problems, ISSN 0091-4509, E-ISSN 2163-1808, Vol. 37, nr 1, s. 3--38Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Restrictive alcohol policies have a long history at the national level in Sweden; however, with the accession to the European Union the international component of alcohol policy has become clearer, and the national policies have been eroded. Sweden had to abandon low traveller’s allowances and gradually adopt the considerably higher European levels by January 1, 2004. On the EU level the traveller’s allowances were an issue long before Sweden’s accession, and high allowances were a conscious way of forcing down high taxes as an instrument of harmonization. The purpose of the article is to analyze how the changes and the Swedish government’s actions on the traveller’s allowances issue have been understood. Analyzing this case contributes to understanding the major changes that have occurred in Swedish alcohol policy since the mid-1990s. Different narratives from interviews, official documents, and news articles make it possible to understand alcohol policy developments in Sweden in relation to the EU. The article finds that there are five main narratives which have been used to try to explain the development of the traveller’s allowances question: the Misinterpretation Explanation, the Double Accounts Explanation, the Impotence Explanation, the Humility Explanation, and the Optimism Explanation. The article also shows that the different narratives have developed over time, indicating a learning process among Swedish authorities on the functioning of EU policy processes.

  • 378.
    Cisneros Örnberg, Jenny
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    The de-monopolization of pharmaceutical retail in Sweden: Policy, actors and arguments.2012Inngår i: A welfare policy patchwork: negotiating the public good in times of transition / [ed] Matilda Hellman, Gun Roos, Julius von Wright, Helsinki: Nordic Centre for Welfare and Social Issues (NVC) , 2012, s. 101-121Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter analyses the regulation of pharmaceuticals in Sweden, with special emphasis on the demonopolization of retail trade in 2009 and the actors and arguments involved in the process. It shows how differences in ideologies and values affect policy outcomes and create different possibilities to organize the market. Furthermore, the chapter discusses the implications of the regulatory changes and looks at how the changes to the organization of Swedish pharmacies have affected ordinary citizens. It is concluded that the regulation of pharmaceuticals has received much political debate in Sweden, but that the issue has nonetheless been hard to resolve. Over time there has been a shift in argumentation from a non-acceptance of profits and an emphasis on safe pharmaceuticals management in the 1970s to the current profit thinking with a view to increasing efficiency, availability and service standards. The Hanner case acted as a catalyst in a period when neither of the political blocs were interested in putting a reformation of pharmacies on the political agenda. The new system has so far improved availability. Expectations of lower prices and greater customer satisfaction have not been met in the same manner.

  • 379.
    Cisneros Örnberg, Jenny
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    The Europeanization of Swedish Alcohol Policy2009Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this dissertation is to study the Europeanization of Swedish alcohol policy from 1995-2006. It analyses the development of Swedish and European alcohol policy and answers the following research questions: How has alcohol policy developed on the national and the EU level during this period? What are the Swedish alcohol policy initiatives on the EU level? What does the interplay between Swedish and European policy processes look like? Of interest for this dissertation is also how the Swedish view on alcohol policy has been received on EU level.

    The dissertation comprises four related articles and an introductory chapter. In the articles official documents and interviews are analyzed in the context of the literature on Europeanization, using the concepts framing, narrative and new modes of governance. Article I explores the history of negotiations between Sweden and the EU on the traveller’s allowances question. Article II and III analyse how Swedish authorities, first through research and later through formal policy-making during the Swedish Presidency, tried to reframe alcohol on the EU-level. Finally, the fourth article is a comparative analysis of the Nordic retail monopolies, analyzing how the monopolies have developed and reacted to national and international pressures on their activities.

    The dissertation shows that Swedish authorities have influenced the EU level by putting alcohol on the agenda, and offered pressure and economic support to make sure that alcohol as a public health question has become and been kept as a prioritized question. This development is, however, nested inside the changing scope and emphasis of the EU. The emergence of a European alcohol policy as a public health-oriented process has been made possible through a new focus on the EU level, with increased cooperation between member states and a trend toward harmonization of policy and frames when it comes to alcohol.

  • 380.
    Clifford, Joseph
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för naturgeografi.
    Frontiers of Fracking: Underground Political Ecology and Unconventional Energy in the Contested Landscapes of North West England2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Gas obtained from previously unexploited shale rock strata has emerged as an economically viable way of sourcing additional fossil fuel energy resources after the so-called ‘shale gas revolution’ in the United States. In the United Kingdom, the incumbent government has committed to the development of its own shale gas resources. A highly polarised public debate has erupted on the risks and rewards of extracting the shale gas deposits that presently lie underneath large swathes of the country using the controversial method of hydraulic fracturing, or ‘fracking’. This thesis examines how different groups in North West England – the major frontier of fracking in the UK – are contesting, resisting and negotiating the current government’s decision to sanction and push ahead towards the development a domestic shale gas industry. Employing a theoretical framework drawn from political ecology as its core mode of examination, this thesis utilises qualitative methods including in-depth interviews and participant observation techniques. It documents a range of social groupings that are contesting shale gas in the UK in a number of ways, and argues that landscapes and risk are fundamental hinges in this ongoing environmental conflict.

  • 381. Cole, Robert
    et al.
    Brockhaus, Maria
    Wong, Grace Y.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Kallio, Maarit H.
    Moeliono, Moira
    Local Agency in Development, Market, and Forest Conservation Interventions in Lao PDR's Northern Uplands2019Inngår i: Southeast Asian studies, ISSN 2186-7275, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 173-202Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Themes of inclusion, empowerment, and participation are recurrent in development discourse and interventions, implying enablement of agency on the part of communities and individuals to inform and influence how policies that affect them are enacted. This article aims to contribute to debates on participation in rural development and environmental conservation, by applying a structure-agency lens to examine experiences of marginal farm households in three distinct systems of resource allocation in Lao PDR's northern uplands-in other words, three institutional or (in)formal structures. These comprise livelihood development and poverty reduction projects, maize contract farming, and a national protected area. Drawing on qualitative data from focus group discussions and household surveys, the article explores the degree to which farmers may shape their engagement with the different systems, and ways in which agency may be enabled or disabled by this engagement. Our findings show that although some development interventions provide consultative channels for expressing needs, these are often within limited options set from afar. The market-based maize system, while in some ways agency-enabling, also entailed narrow choices and heavy dependence on external actors. The direct regulation of the protected area system meanwhile risked separating policy decisions from existing local knowledge. Our analytical approach moves beyond notions of agency commonly focused on decision-making and/or resistance, and instead revisits the structure-agency dichotomy to build a nuanced understanding of people's lived experiences of interventions. This allows for fresh perspectives on the every-day enablement or disablement of agency, aiming to support policy that is better grounded in local realities.

  • 382.
    Cricenti, Pasquale
    Stockholms universitet.
    Mellan privilegier och fattigdom: om italiensk demokrati och socialpolitik ur ett välfärdsstatsperspektiv2000Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation analyses the development of democracy and the pension system in Italy in relation to the goals of a welfare state. The aim of the thesis is to determine whether Italian democracy and social policy (through the study of a specific case: the pension system) have moved towards greater equality or whether old privileges and inequalities still remain.

    The thesis examines the development of democracy in relation to three models - exclusive, semi-inclusive and inclusive democracy - and of the pension system in relation to three models of social policy - marginal, meritocratic (or corporative) and universal social policy. Of these, inclusive democracy and universal social policy contain the prerequisites of a welfare state. The framework of this thesis is based on the power-resources approach with a corrective borrowed from the Gramscian theory of class hegemony.

    An intra-regional (within the sphere of an intra-national context) comparative method is adopted with an emphasis on class and gender both within and between regions. With this method it is possible to determine the degree of equality in the country with respect to class and gender and to confirm whether this is due to regional differences in economic development or to a special type of politics.

    In both scholarly and political contexts it is often claimed that, owing to the ideology of the Christian Democratic Party and the Catholic Church, the Italian welfare state is a conservative one, and further that this party has used social policy to develop strong patronage structures and a political clientele.

    This study concludes that democracy and the pension system in Italy have not moved towards the ideals of a welfare state, that class and gender inequality are still strong, and that these inequalities cannot be explained by regional economic differences. The findings do not confirm that the existing state of affairs in Italy can be attributed solely to the long period of Christian Democratic governance but show that the Italian left - the socialist parties and the Italian Communist Party - are co-responsible for the development of politics towards privilege and patronage and consequently for pension schemes.

    The political traditions and institutions of the nineteenth century are still in force in Italy. The study concludes that, in spite of formal political rights, the Italian democracy is still a backward one; political power is monopolised and used as a system of patronage to create a political clientele by the same social forces within the bourgeoisie as at the beginning of democratic development. With respect to political rules, the labour market and the development of the pension system, the findings show that class inequalities and corporative and patriarchal relations still predominate in Italian society.

  • 383. Croicu, Mihai
    et al.
    Kreutz, Joakim
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Communication Technology and Reports on Political Violence: Cross-National Evidence Using African Events Data2017Inngår i: Political research quarterly, ISSN 1065-9129, E-ISSN 1938-274X, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 19-31Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The spread of Internet and mobile phone access around the world has implications for both the processes of contentious politics and subsequent reporting of protest, terrorism, and war. In this paper, we explore whether political violent events that occur close to modern communication networks are systematically better reported than others. Our analysis approximates information availability by the level of detail provided about the date of each political violent event in Africa from 2008 to 2010 and finds that although access to communication technology improves reporting, the size of the effect is very small. Additional investigation finds that the effect can be attributed to the ability of journalists to access more diverse primary sources in remote areas due to increased local access to modern communication technology.

  • 384.
    Crona, Beatrice I.
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Sweden.
    Basurto, Xavier
    Squires, Dale
    Gelcich, Stefan
    Daw, Tim M.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Khan, Ahmed
    Havice, Elizabeth
    Chomo, Victoria
    Troell, Max
    Buchary, Eny A.
    Allison, Edward H.
    Towards a typology of interactions between small-scale fisheries and global seafood trade2016Inngår i: Marine Policy, ISSN 0308-597X, E-ISSN 1872-9460, Vol. 65, s. 1-10Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Fish and fish-related products are among the most highly traded commodities globally and the proportion of globally harvested fish that is internationally traded has steadily risen over time. Views on the benefits of international seafood trade diverge, partly as a result from adopting either an aggregate national focus or a focus on local market actors. However, both views generally assume that the trade in question is characterized by export of fisheries resources to international markets. This is potentially misleading as empirical evidence suggests that import of seafood can also have impacts on local SSF dynamics. A systematic analysis of the different ways in which local production systems connect to international seafood markets can therefore help shed more light on why small-scale fisheries exhibit such differences in outcomes as they engage in an increasingly global seafood trade. This paper conducts a synthesis across 24 cases from around the world and develops a typology of small-scale fisheries and how they connect to and interact with international seafood trade. The analysis is based on key features drawn from trade theory regarding how trade interacts with local production. The implications of the findings for social and ecological sustainability of small-scale fisheries are discussed with the aim of identifying further research topics which deserve attention to better inform trade policy for more sustainable fisheries and more just wealth distribution from their trade.

  • 385.
    Dahl, Matilda
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholms centrum för forskning om offentlig sektor (SCORE).
    Sundström, Göran
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholms centrum för forskning om offentlig sektor (SCORE). Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Tamm Hallström, Kristina
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholms centrum för forskning om offentlig sektor (SCORE).
    Organizing for trust: Analyzing markets as partially organized2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 386.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Welfare Relationships: Voluntary organisations and local authorities supporting relatives of older people in Sweden2004Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is often described as a country with a strong welfare state and little voluntary work. This is as would be expected according to substitution theory, in which extensive welfare systems are assumed to crowd out voluntary activity and thereby limit the potential for voluntary work – there is an inverse relationship between voluntary and statutory activity. A second perspective is welfare pluralism, which is siginified by a purposive duplication of activity by different actors resulting in increased choice for service users. A third perspective is offered by complementarity theory. In this theory, different actors are assumed to have different characteristics, strengths, and weaknesses, which make them suitable for performing different tasks.

    The purpose of the thesis is to examine the variation in welfare service provision by voluntary organisations and local authorities in Sweden. This includes determining whether there is a statistical association between voluntary and statutory service provision. The thesis also explores the interaction between voluntary organisations and local authorities, that is how they are related in terms of collaboration, competition, support, and influence, and the actors’ own views on roles, responsibilities, motives etc.

    The thesis is based on two national surveys and on in-depth interviews. Questionnaires were sent to 358 Swedish voluntary organisations in 1999, and 365 organisations in 2002. At the same time points, 80 local authorities were also surveyed. In 2001, 55 representatives of voluntary organisations and local authorities were interviewed.

    Analysis of the surveys showed no negative relationship between voluntary and statutory service provision cross-sectionally or over time. This was true for both the total amount of activity and when considering individual services. In other words, no evidence for substitution processes was found.

    Although there was an increase in support for relatives in the period studied and a positive relationship between voluntary and statutory activity in 2002, no positive correlation was found within individual support activities. This means that voluntary and statutory activities tended to be of different kinds at a local level. Only rarely could users choose between different service providers, and the situation could not be characterised as indicative of welfare pluralism.

    Voluntary organisations and local authorities were described in terms of different characteristics by interviewees, as would be expected by complementarity theory. Nevertheless, there were overlaps in service provision, questioning the validity of complementarity theory with its emphasis on matching of characteristics and tasks.

    However, at a local level voluntary organisations and local authorities rarely carried out similar tasks. There is thus extensive complementarity at a local level. It is argued that this complementarity is due to the strong ideology that voluntary organisations should complement local authorities, rather than due to the different characteristics of the actors.

  • 387.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om äldre och åldrande (ARC), (tills m KI). Dalarna University, Sweden.
    Berndt, Hanna
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om äldre och åldrande (ARC), (tills m KI).
    Lennartsson, Carin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om äldre och åldrande (ARC), (tills m KI).
    Schön, Pär
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om äldre och åldrande (ARC), (tills m KI).
    Receipt of Formal and Informal Help with Specific Care Tasks among Older People Living in their Own Home. National Trends over Two Decades2018Inngår i: Social Policy & Administration, ISSN 0144-5596, E-ISSN 1467-9515, Vol. 52, nr 1, s. 91-110Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is seen as a typical example of a social democratic welfare regime, with universal and generous welfare policies. However, in the last decades, there have been substantial reductions in the Swedish provision of care for older people. This study aimed to examine trends in sources of care-receipt in older people (77+) living in their own home and with a perceived need for help with two specific tasks: house cleaning and/or food shopping. Trends in care-receipt were examined in relation to gender, living alone, having children and socio-economic position. Data from the 1992, 2002 and 2011 data collection waves of the national study, Swedish Panel Study of Living Conditions of the Oldest Old (SWEOLD), were used. Response rates varied between 86 and 95 per cent, and the sample represents the population well. Trends and differences between groups were explored in bivariate and logistic regression analyses. There was a reduction in formal care-receipt regarding house cleaning and food shopping over the study period. It was more common for women than men to receive formal care, and more common for men than women to receive informal care. Reductions in formal care have affected older women more than older men. Still, living alone was the most influential factor in care-receipt, associated with a greater likelihood of formal care-receipt and a lower likelihood of informal care-receipt. It can be concluded that public responsibility for care is becoming more narrowly defined in Sweden, and that more responsibility for care is placed on persons in need of care and their families.

  • 388. Dahlberg, Stefan
    et al.
    Mörkenstam, Ulf
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Partiernas väljare och väljarnas val av parti2016Inngår i: Sametingsval: Väljare, partier och media / [ed] Ragnhild Nilsson, Stefan Dahlberg, Ulf Mörkenstam, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2016, s. 155-179Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 389. Dahlberg, Stefan
    et al.
    Mörkenstam, Ulf
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Social identification, in-group integration and voter turnout in three parliamentary elections: An analysis of the Swedish Sami electorate2019Inngår i: Electoral Studies, ISSN 0261-3794, E-ISSN 1873-6890, Vol. 59, s. 99-108Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 390. Dahlberg, Stefan
    et al.
    Mörkenstam, Ulf
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Valdeltagande i valet till Sametinget 20132016Inngår i: Sametingsval: Väljare, partier och media / [ed] Ragnhild Nilsson, Stefan Dahlberg, Ulf Mörkenstam, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2016, s. 129-154Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 391. Dahlberg, Stefan
    et al.
    Mörkenstam, Ulf
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Valdeltagande, skiljelinjer och legitimitet: en jämförelse med Norge2016Inngår i: Sametingsval: Väljare, partier och media / [ed] Ragnhild Nilsson, Stefan Dahlberg, Ulf Mörkenstam, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2016, s. 289-311Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 392. Dahlberg, Stefan
    et al.
    Mörkenstam, Ulf
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Nilsson, Ragnhild
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Inledning2016Inngår i: Sametingsval: Väljare, partier och media / [ed] Ragnhild Nilsson, Stefan Dahlberg, Ulf Mörkenstam, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2016, s. 27-43Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 393.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Blev valgretten et gennembrud for kvinder i dansk politik?2015Inngår i: Før og efter stemmeretten: køn, demokrati og velfærd / [ed] Anette Borchorst og Drude Dahlerup, Frederiksberg: Frydenlund Academic, 2015, s. 105-126Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Valrätten blev ett genombrott för kvinnor som väljara, men inte för kvinnor som folkvalda, politiska representanter.  I de första parlamentsvalen efter rösträtten nominerade de politiska partierne endast en kvinna varja på valbar plats - en ny norm var skapad. Genom studier av partiprotokoller studeras i artiklen hur partierna tänkte och agerade, när kvinnorna blev valbara.

  • 394.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Blomster & spark1985Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 395.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Confusing concepts - confusing reality: a theoretical discussion of the patriarchal state1987Inngår i: Women and the state: the shifting boundaries of public and private / [ed] Anne Showstack Sassoon, London: Unwin Hyman Ltd., 1987, s. 93-127Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 396.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Continuity and waves in the feminist movement: a challenge to social movement theory2004Inngår i: Crossing borders: re-mapping women's movements at the turn of the 21st century / [ed] Hilda Rømer Christensen, Beatrice Halsaa, Aino Saarinen, Odense: University Press of Southern Denmark , 2004, s. 59-78Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 397.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Da ligestilling kom på dagsordenen: Ligestillings- og kvinnopolitik i Folketinget 1965-19901990Inngår i: Kvinder på tinge: kvinder i landspolitik i 75 år / [ed] Drude Dahlerup, Kristian Hvidt, København: Rosinante , 1990, s. 158-219Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 398.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Demokrati uden kvinder?2018Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [da]

    I denne bog spørger Drude Dahlerup, hvorfor det trods mange årds fremskridt skal tage så lang tid at opnå fuld inklusion af kvinder i det politiske liv. Kvinder har kun en fjerdedel af pladserne i vrdens parlamenter, og i de nye globale styresystemer er kvinderepræsentationen endnu mindre.

    Dahlerups svar er baseret på hendes mangeårige forskning. De bringer eksempler fra hendes arbejde som international konsulent omkring integrering af kvinder i politiske beslutningsprocesser. Den danske udvikling sætts i et internationalt perspektiv.

  • 399.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Disruption, continuity and waves in the feminist movement2013Inngår i: The Women's Movement in Protest, Institutions and the Internet: Australia in transnational perspective / [ed] Sarah Maddison, Marian Sawer, Routledge, 2013, s. 20-36Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Is the feminist movement dead - again? The actual rise and fall of feminist mobilisation is usually described in terms of 'waves': the first wave, the second wave, and maybe a thrid wave. However, the theoretical foundation of this continuity thesis needs to be clarified. This article discusses three dimensions of continuity: organizational continuity. ideological continuity and continuity in terms of identification.

  • 400.
    Dahlerup, Drude
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Electoral Gender Quotas: Between Equality of Opportunity and Equality of Result2007Inngår i: Representation, ISSN 0034-4893, Vol. 43, nr 2, s. 73-92Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In almost 100 countries throughout the world, parties and parliaments have responded to growing national and international pressure to increase women’s political representation by

    introducing electoral gender quotas.

    Opponents often see quotas as a violation of the liberal principle of merit. In contrast, quota advocates see gender quotas as a compensation for direct or structural discrimination against women and as an effective instrument for achieving gender balance in political institutions, which is considered essential for democratic development.

    Based on data on electoral gender quotas from all over the world, this article discusses the basic principles of gender quotas in politics. It is shown that many different types of gender quotas are in use and that various types are preferred in different regions in the world. Variations are also

    found according to level of democracy and electoral system.

    The implication of different quota regimes, defined as the combination of the electoral system and the quota type applied, is scrutinised in relation to two different concepts of equality: equality of opportunity and equality of result. It is concluded that – contrary to what is commonly believed – electoral gender quotas come closer to providing real equality of opportunity than equality of result. Quota regimes may even increase competition over elected positions, since gender quotas change the most common de facto situation, where men only compete with men.

567891011 351 - 400 of 2032
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