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  • 351.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    En egendomlig pjäs: Den svenska narkotikapolitikens historia och möjliga framtid2019Inngår i: Tidskrift för Kriminalvård, nr 4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 352.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Familjen på anstalt: Familjenorm inom anstaltsvården av alkoholmissbrukare under 1940- och 1950-talen2002Inngår i: Familjeangelägenheter: Modern historisk forskning om välfärdsstat, genus och politik, Brutus Östling Bokförlag Symposion , 2002, s. 202-235Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 353.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    From self-control to medicalization.: The framing of the alcohol question at the international alcohol conferences.2015Inngår i: Addiction through the ages.: A review of the development of concepts and ideas about addiction in European countries since the nineteenth century and the role of international organisations in the process., Alice Rap , 2015Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this sub-project was to analyse the alcohol question and its responses through a series of international anti-alcohol conferences from 1885 onwards. How did they view the alcohol problem and its causes; what were the consequences for the individual and the society as a whole; and which solutions merited discussion?

    The conferences before the First World War can be seen as an arrangement for the modern state where the temperance movement placed itself in the service of the state and at the same time demanded that it be given some responsibility for the future development of society. These were years when the nation acted as a point of reference in several questions that were chafing within the modern project: population qualities and the condition of future generations, the notion of citizenship, industrial strength and competitiveness, the role and the strength of the state.

    The first inter-war conferences enjoyed an optimistic and internationalist atmosphere, added to by American prohibition, which had given the temperance movement plenty to be hopeful about. But when the 1920s turned to the 1930s, the conferences were transformed into arenas for national solutions and into outright propaganda pieces. The responses to the alcohol problem debated in the inter-war conferences built on a combination of scientifically masked ideological conviction and ideologically inspired passion for science.

    Several themes from the early part of the twentieth century also dominated the post-war conferences: much of the presented research could easily fall into categories such as control, treatment and prevention; women and youth (who still hold positions as extraordinary but frequently discussed problem groups); and traffic and working life. All these themes are recurrent arenas for the formulation of alcohol and drug problems. But sociological and psychological perspectives are more common now, epidemiological research has grown steadily, the drug problem is ever present and a comprehensive addiction concept has opened up for topics beyond substance misuse.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 354.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Lösdrivarlagen och den samhällsfarliga lättjan2008Inngår i: Villkorandets politik: Fattigdomens premisser och samhällets åtgärder - då och nu, Égalité förlag, Malmö , 2008, s. 131-143Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 355.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    När toppen stack ned: En solidaritetsrörelses uppgång och fall2005Inngår i: Nordisk alkohol- & narkotikatidskrift, ISSN 1455-0725, Vol. 22, nr 2, s. 181-185Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 356.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    "På grund av sitt alkoholmissbruk och omoraliska leverne...": Lag och norm inom anstaltsvården av alkoholmissbrukande kvinnor 1940-582000Inngår i: Arkiv för studier i arbetarrörelsens historia, ISSN 0436-8990, Vol. 79, s. 56-86Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    This article deals with the close connection between the care of vagrants and the care of inebriates in Sweden. With examples taken from the institutional care of female inebriates during the 1940’s and 1950’s, the author argues that the care of inebriates “inherited” a system of norms from the care of vagrants. This system of norms emanated from a familistic conception of female morality and it came to influence the female clients’ possibilities to assert themselves within the institutional care.

  • 357.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Researchers should avoid conceptual banalization2016Inngår i: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 33, nr 2, s. 119-122Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 358.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Swedish drug policy2017Inngår i: European Drug Policies: The Ways of Reform / [ed] Renaud Colson, Henri Bergeron, New York: Routledge, 2017Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 359.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    The ideological drug problem2013Inngår i: Drugs and Alcohol Today, ISSN 1745-9265, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 9-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - This article investigates the ideological visions embedded in the political formulation of the Swedish drug problem and in the bureaucratic management of the Swedish drug treatment services during the years 1960–2000.

    Design/methodology/approach - The empirical basis for the analysis consists mainly of parliamentary material from the Swedish Parliament (403 parliamentary bills, 66 government bills, 198 parliamentary records, 14 government letters and 159 standing committee statements) as well as archival materials produced in the application process of 73 aspiring treatment homes from the years 1960–2001. The empirical material is partly analyzed from a theoretical understanding of political consensus as a doxa (Bourdieu, 1977) and political debate as permeated by naturalizing ideologies (Freeden, 2003; Eagleton, 2007).

    Findings - The article examines drug consumption as a political problem and its ideological undertones. I show how drugs and drug consumption often have been subordinate in problem descriptions that have fulfilled other political purposes. Worries about politically radical youth, foreign religions or incomprehensible music have been understood as a drug problem. In the Swedish parliament the drug problem have been described in terms of capitalist class oppression, Americanism or cultural superficiality. Modernity, urbanization and industrialization have also been criticized in the name of the drug problem. In the treatment centres and within the ruling bureaucracy it was also elucidated that the drug problem was an ideological problem. The effective treatment method has been elusive, but the effective method has also played second fiddle in the choice of treatment solutions. Other values have been awarded, such as rural romanticism, Swedishness, solidarity and diligence. Individualism, Americanism and profit making have also been opposed within the ideological treatment sector. At the end of the research period such assessments however became subordinate to an overarching ideological quest to make substance abuse treatment a market among others.

    Originality/value - The analyzing of naturalized and apparently self-evident ideology as part of the rational argument rather than it’s very opposite would be useful both for further research on the topic as well as for deepening the democratic discussions on, for instance, evidence-based methods within the drug treatment services.

  • 360.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    The Swedish drug problem and the political use of common ground.2015Inngår i: Drugs - what is the problem and how do we perceive it?: Policies on drugs in Nordic countries. / [ed] Hedda Giertsen & Helgi Gunnlaugsson, Köpenhamn, 2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The project has examined drug consumption as a political problem and its ideological undertones. It is shown how drugs and drug consumption often have been subordinate in problem descriptions that have fulfilled other political purposes. Worries about politically radical youth, foreign religions or incomprehensible music have been understood as a drug problem. In the Swedish parliament the drug problem has been described in terms of capitalist class oppression, Americanism or cultural superficiality. Modernity, urbanization and industrialization have also been criticized in the name of the drug problem. In the treatment centres and within the ruling bureaucracy it was also elucidated that the drug problem was an ideological problem. The effective treatment method has been elusive, but the effective method has also played second fiddle in the choice of treatment solutions. Other values have been awarded, such as rural romanticism, Swedishness, solidarity and diligence. Individualism, Americanism and profit making have also been opposed within the ideological treatment sector. At the end of the research period such assessments however became subordinate to an overarching ideological quest to make substance abuse treatment a market among others.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 361.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    The war on good research: Debating research ethics and methods on the basis of Jay Levy’s The war on people who use drugs: The harms of Sweden’s aim for a drug-free society (Routledge, 2017)2019Inngår i: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 36, nr 4, s. 387-396Artikkel, omtale (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 362.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Torken: tvångsvården av alkoholmissbrukare i Sverige 1940-19812004Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation investigates compulsory care of alcohol abusers in Sweden during the years 1940 to 1981. The purposes of the dissertation are twofold: in part to determine the concrete forms which care services for alcohol abusers took during the years focused on, in part to analyze what connections existed between the development of services and conceptions of the reasons for, consequences of and possible solutions to alcohol abuse. One point of departure is that the problem was defined with respect to the interests of influential social actors, and with respect to a very particular view of what a respectable life (free of social problems) was. Among the most influential actors involved in these social services, I argue for a focus not least on so-called “street-level bureaucrats”, with direct influence on the goals and methods of institutional care. The study is thus oriented towards mapping the development of problem definitions and formulation within the praxis of compulsory care in four institutionalized care establishments for alcohol abusers. This development is contrasted to broader trends of institutional and discursive development in the definition of alcohol abuse as a social problem.

    The legislation regulating compulsory care has constantly been founded upon assumptions of the social damage caused by alcohol abuse. At the level of concepts or discourse the consequences of causes for and solutions to alcohol abuse were initially defined in terms of individual morality, with definitions subsequently developing so as to depart from more medicalized terminology. Towards the end of the period the problem descriptions became focused on societal dysfunctions and reforms as the respective causes of and solutions to societally problematic alcohol abuse. At the level of treatment focused upon in the dissertation, societal explanations of alcohol problems departing from societal dysfunctions as causes thereof, and societal reforms as solutions, have never been fully integrated in care services praxis. This was not the case for the simple reason that these care activities, as such, were developed to deal with individuals rather than with society. Neither did a medicalized perspective come to dominate institutionalized care during the period studied – something which can be explained not least with the fact that the perspective’s expansion was not attended by development of medical treatment methods which were convincing with respect to results of use. On one hand, concretely practiced compulsory care thus long remained dominated by problem definitions departing from inmates’ gender-specific moral qualities. On the other hand, certain elements of a more resource-oriented and societal-reformist perspective can certainly be distinguished in the development of care services, albeit on the special terms associated with service implementation in the field.

    In conclusion, the historical development of care services for alcohol abusers shows that alcohol abuse need not necessarily, or primarily, be seen as a problem having to do with individuals’ relationship with alcohol. Other definitions of the problem have focused upon individuals’ relationship also to working life, the family, sexual morals, the gender order, or capitalist oppression. The problem has been seen as a workers’ and poverty problem, a problem of families and violence, a medical problem, or a symptom of societal problems. Causes have been sought in the character of individuals, the ways in which they have been raised or not raised, their spiritual life, their metabolism, their genetic material, their socioeconomic environment, gender and family situation. The proposed solutions have included everything from work, organized coffee breaks, medicines, psychotherapy and democracy to piece-rate wages, no wages, collective care, or solitary confinement. Alcohol itself has been a secondary factor in the problem definitions which have let themselves be attached – either via perceived links of cause or of effect – to more overarching social issues.

  • 363.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Treatment of what?: Class, gender and work ethics within the compulsory institutional care of alcohol abusers in Sweden during the 20th century2005Inngår i: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, Vol. 22, s. 45-61Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims

    The aim of this article is to investigate the problem formulations – the preconceptions about causes and effects and the possible solutions to the problems of alcohol abuse – that characterized the compulsory institutional care of alcohol abusers in Sweden in the 20th century. The article focuses on problem formulations that – beyond institutional and a discursive levels – actually were practised in the institutions.

    Methods & Data

    The main source material is to be found in the archives of four institutionalized care establishments and consists of official reports, correspondence, supply estimates, circulars for consideration and – above all – patient records. From this material you can learn about the institutions’ struggle for autonomy, expansion and legitimacy, and also about the clients’ characteristics and how the clients were viewed. The study of the archives allows you to form a picture of the problem formulations that affected the activities in the institutions directly, a picture that goes beyond the more abstract expectations preferred by official reports and legislation.

    Results

    Within the compulsory institutional care actually carried out, the problem formulations that were stipulated in the sex-neutral legislation and vague regulations became sex-specific and precise. Here it was made clear that the treatment of alcohol abusers was a class and sex related project, aiming not only at encouraging male diligence and the fulfilling of a man’s maintenance obligation but also at female virtuousness and concern for the family.

    Conclusions

    The historical development of care services for alcohol abusers shows that the abuse need not necessarily, or even primarily, be seen as a problem to do with the individual’s relationship with alcohol. Alcohol itself has been a secondary factor in problem definitions which have let themselves be attached – via perceived links with either cause or effect – to more overarching social issues in Sweden. The concerns of emergent family policy in the 1940s, the developmental optimism and scientistic passions of the 1950s, and the systemically critical protest movements of the 1970s are all clearly reflected in trends within social care services for alcohol abusers – albeit much more often at the level of discourse than of praxis.

  • 364.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Un siècle de restrictions sur l’alcool: Un regard international et historique2018Inngår i: Prohibition(s) / [ed] Arnaud Coutant, Paris: Mare & Martin , 2018Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 365.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Vård och ideologi: Narkomanvården som politiskt slagfält2012Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan mitten av 1960-talet har narkotikaproblemet varit ständigt närvarande i politiken. Utredning har följt på utredning, lagar har stiftats, straff har höjts, informationskampanjer sjösatts och nya vårdmetoder har lanserats. I boken Vård och ideologi undersöker historikern Johan Edman den svenska narkomanvårdens historia. Han visar hur narkomanvården varit en fråga som använts för vitt skilda politiska syften, där allt ifrån oro för politiskt radikal ungdom, främmande religioner eller obegriplig musik tolkats som problem med koppling till narkotika. Narkotikabruket har beskrivits som kapitalistiskt klassförtryck, amerikanism och kulturell förflackning samtidigt som svenskhet, solidaritet och arbetsamhet varit värden som präglat behandlingshemmens arbete.

    I boken studeras den svenska narkomanvården under åren 1960–2000. Den handlar om statens försök att få till stånd en verksam narkomanvård, om de politiska diskussionerna och den byråkratiska organiseringen av ett problem som visat sig vara svårt att lösa. Jakten på den verksamma vårdmetoden tycks vara ett evighetsprojekt: från det tidiga 1900-talets aversionskurer, vitamin- och insulinbehandlingar, via Antabus och psykoterapi, till fostransmodeller, tolvstegsmetoder och substitutionsbehandlingar. Trots 100 år av missbrukarvård efterfrågas fortfarande en verksam kunskap. I den här boken undersöks varför denna jakt tagit sig dessa uttryck, varför den ständiga ambitionen att nå säker kunskap ter sig som ökenvandringar mot en hägring.

    Narkotikaproblemet visar sig vara både politiskt och terapeutiskt, och debatten om narkotikakonsumtionen har ofta haft vitt skilda politiska syften. Oron för politiskt radikal ungdom, främmande religioner eller obegriplig musik har kunnat begripliggöras som narkotikaproblem. Från annat håll har narkotikaproblemet beskrivits som kapitalistiskt klassförtryck, amerikanism och kulturell förflackning. Modernitet, urbanisering och industrialisering har också kritiserats i narkotikaproblemets namn. Högern har ropat på förstärkt polis medan vänstern har önskat krossa det kapitalistiska klassamhället; kristen kärlek och skattesänkningar har på olika sätt motiverats som medel i kampen mot narkotikan.

    De politiska problembeskrivningarna och kampen om de ideologiska lösningarna har också varit intensiv utanför de folkvaldas kammare. På behandlingshemmen och inom den styrande byråkratin har det tydliggjorts att narkotikaproblemet är ett ideologiskt problem. Den verksamma behandlingsmetoden och den attraktiva ideologin har konkurrerat om utrymmet — många gånger har de betraktats som samma sak. Behandlingshem har motarbetats från byråkratiskt håll när de intagit ideologiskt tveksamma positioner. Värden som landsbygdsromantik, svenskhet, solidaritet och arbetsamhet har premierats.

    Däremot kom individualism, amerikanism och profitintresse länge att motarbetas inom den ideologiska narkomanvården. I slutet av undersökningsperioden blev sådana bedömningar dock underordnade en övergripande ideologisk strävan att göra missbrukarvården till en marknad bland andra.

    Författaren visar sammanfattningsvis att narkotikaproblemet i grunden är ett ideologiskt problem. Frågan om vad som är problematiskt med narkotikakonsumtion kan varken ställas eller besvaras utan att man samtidigt berör frågan om den goda medborgarens eller det goda samhällets kvaliteter. Denna ideologiska grundton är uppenbar när man studerar narkotikaproblemets formulering på politisk eller byråkratisk nivå och även på behandlingshemmen. Detta ideologiska perspektiv är nödvändigt om man vill förstå narkotikaproblemets komplexa natur och varför det inte låter sig lösas med aldrig så kunskapsbaserad metodutveckling.

  • 366.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Vård till varje pris: Den psykiatriska tvångsvården av narkotikamissbrukarna 1968-19812009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 367.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    What's in a name?: Alcohol and drug treatment and the politics of confusion2009Inngår i: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, Vol. 26, nr 4, s. 339-353Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims

    The aim of this article is to investigate the use of a rather vague medical conceptual framework within the compulsory treatment of alcohol and drug users in Sweden during the 20th century. Focus lies on exploring how a phenomenon come to be described as pathological, what the causes are for certain actions all of a sudden being interpreted in medical terms, and what consequences that might lead to.

    Design

    Supported by theoretical speculations on medicalization processes and conceptual history, two empirical cases (the compulsory care of alcohol abusers in the 1950’s and the legislative process leading to psychiatric compulsory care of drug users in the late 1960’s) are investigated. The first case draws mainly upon official reports and archive material from alcohol treatment institutions, whilst the second case is built from reading official reports and parliamentary material. The research task for the two empirical cases has not quite been the same: whereas the first case is illustrated by the discrepancies between the labelling of treatment activities and the treatment actually carried out, the second case rather draws upon the enlargement of the field of signification of the disease concept to cover most aspects of drug use.

    Results

    A medicalization process on different levels is traced both in the post-war compulsory treatment of alcohol abusers as well as being a part of the launching of compulsory psychiatric care of drug abusers from the late 1960’s onwards.

    Conclusion

    The investigated cases shows how the medicalization processes gained from a conceptual vagueness, a widening of the conceptual dimensions of both the treatment and disease concepts. In this, the medicalization of alcohol abuse in the 1950’s and drug abuse in the 1960’s made way for a paternalistic justification of compulsory care measures that might otherwise have become politically troublesome.

  • 368.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Örfilar och förnimmelser: Det svenska alkoholistvårdstvångets utveckling under 1900-talet2009Inngår i: Missbruk och behandling: Gamla problem - nya lösningar?, Stockholm: Forskningsrådet för arbetsliv och socialvetenskap (FAS) , 2009, 1, s. 43-53Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 369.
    Edman, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Berndt, Josefine
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    A thickening plot: components and complexities in the political framing of the smoking problem in Sweden 1957–19932020Inngår i: Drugs: education prevention and policy, ISSN 0968-7637, E-ISSN 1465-3370, Vol. 27, nr 2, s. 145-153Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish state regulation of tobacco use came much later than the regulation of alcohol and drugs. Only in 1993 did the first more comprehensive regulatory act – the Swedish Tobacco Act – come intoforce. By examining the political prehistory of the act in 1957–1993, this article analyses the increasingly complex problem description that made the new legislation possible. The article shows that different parts of the problem description – harms to others, a connection to the public health discourse, and an increasing medicalisation – came to reinforce each other, but also that all essential componentswere in place from the outset and that research confirmed established descriptions rather than drovethe development.

  • 370.
    Edman, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Eriksson, Lena
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Work as care?: Work policy within Swedish institutional care during the twentieth century2005Inngår i: Wefare Politics Cross-Examined: Eclecticist Analytical Perspectives on Sweden and the Developed World, from the 1880s to the 2000s, Aksant Academic Pubishers, Amsterdam , 2005Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 371.
    Edman, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Stenius, KerstinStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    On the margins: Nordic alcohol and drug treatment 1885-20072007Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 372.
    Eduards, Maud
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kroppspolitik: Om Moder Svea och andra kvinnor2007Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kroppspolitik behandlar hur svensk offentlighet förhållit sig till kvinnors kroppar under 150 år, med tonvikt på de senaste decennierna. Tanken är att kvinnokroppen idealiseras och tillmäts kulturellt värde samtidigt som levande kvinnor riskerar att utsättas för kontroll, marginalisering och övergrepp. Kvinnors kroppsliga villkor är präglade av motsättningar och splittrade innebörder. På vilket sätt står kvinnors kroppar till nationens förfogande? Hur har staten disciplinerat respektive frigjort det kroppsliga? Fem teman tas upp: landets säkerhet, abort, prostitution, högre utbildning och kvinnorörelser.

  • 373.
    Edvinsson, Rodney
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    New annual estimates of Swedish GDP, 1800-20102013Inngår i: Economic history review, ISSN 0013-0117, E-ISSN 1468-0289, Vol. 66, nr 4, s. 1101-1126Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the historical national accounts of Sweden are among the most detailed in the world, there is scope for improvement. This study revises previous historical estimates of Swedish GDP. Agricultural output is upgraded for the nineteenth century following recent research by Swedish agrarian historians on the underestimation of official statistics. Estimates of annual fluctuations before 1861 are significantly improved by using new sources on yield ratios of harvests. For manufacturing, home industries are added, in accordance with modern international guidelines (2008 SNA). The study concludes that early nineteenth-century Sweden was not as poor relative to other West European countries as previously thought.

  • 374.
    Edvinsson, Therese Nordlund
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Before the Sunshine: Organising and Promoting the Olympic Games in Stockholm 19122014Inngår i: International Journal of the History of Sport, ISSN 0952-3367, E-ISSN 1743-9035, Vol. 31, nr 5, s. 563-580Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1910, two years before the Olympics in Stockholm, The General Secretary of the Swedish Games Mr Kristian Hellstrom assured that the competitors should expect the most exciting time of their lives. As long as they lived, they would remember the sport event. To make the competitors feeling welcomed, it required a successful organisation. The present article examines the promotional work behind the Stockholm Olympics. The event was the first Olympic Games with a professional advertising campaign and an official poster. Initially, the intention was to establish a solid organisation consisting of a specific Advertising and Reception Section. The General Secretariat was in charge of advertising, for instance contacts with the media in Sweden and worldwide. They also organised a specific Advertising and Information Committee' that worked with advertisement. Finally, the promotional work did not only focus on the sport event. The tourism of Sweden was also the object of marketing. This article argues that promotional work on different levels made it possible to modernise and internationalise the event. By analysing Hellstrom's work as General Secretary, it is possible to understand the intensity of promotional activity, which resulted in an innovative campaign.

  • 375.
    Eellend, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Cultivating the Rural Citizen: Modernity, Agrarianism and Citizenship in Late Tsarist Estonia2007Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation studies the ideas and political practices produced in the emerging rural public sphere in late Tsarist Estonia. The time period is characterized by radical social and economic change and growing national and political self consciousness. An underlying aim is to study the emergence and character of an agrarian ideology in Estonia, with a special concern paid for ideas on the organization of society.

    The first section examines the emerging of Estonian language agricultural instruction books and agricultural journals. Studying the content and the advice on modernization and organization of farm work uncovers their underlying ideas on the organization of the rural society. The second section deals with the ideas and ideals presented in the agricultural instructions through the work of local agricultural associations and agricultural cooperatives. Finally the ideals of the agricultural instructions and the practice of the associations are studied on a national level, as expressed at the Agricultural Congresses 1899 and 1905 and the All-Estonian Congress 1905.

    The study emphasizes the importance of the rural sphere in creating the foundation for the interwar Estonian society and shows significant ideological and organizational similarities between the Estonian agrarian movement and contemporary agrarian movements in Europe.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 376.
    Ek, Imelda Helena
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur och estetik.
    Erotic Insanity: Sex and psychiatry at Vadstena asylum, Sweden 1849-18782017Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The early nineteenth century saw the emergence of institutional psychiatry across Europe. Aware that Sweden had fallen behind in this development, Parliament decreed in 1823 that a number of specialised institutions for the care of the insane were to be established. The Vadstena asylum, opened in 1826, was the first such institution in Sweden.  

    The aim of this study is to examine medical interpretation of and responses to erotic behaviour in psychiatric practice at the Vadstena asylum in the period 1849-1878.

    The book places the theme of the erotic, a topical subject in nineteenth-century public debate, in the context of psychiatry as an emerging specialty in Sweden. The book explores how erotic behaviour was conceptualised as disease, and the nature of therapeutic intervention in erotic cases, in order to present a more nuanced image of nineteenth-century medical attitudes to sexuality. By highlighting the superintendency of physician Ludvig Magnus Hjertstedt, and linking his account of an 1845 study tour through Europe to medical practice at Vadstena, the study situates responses to erotic patients in a period when psychiatry claims authority over human sexuality.

     

    In methodological terms, the study applies critical questions inspired by revisionist scholarship to a body of empirical source material. Focusing on a single institution, and conducting in-depth readings of case notes – with regard to language, form, and function – allows the study to highlight the everyday practice of the asylum physician in his encounters with male and female erotic patients, including the use, importance and diagnostic integrity of the concepts nymphomania, erotomania and masturbation. Hjertstedt’s travel journal provides insight into the physician’s medical philosophy, informing the analysis of diagnostic and interpretive procedures, while connecting medical practice at Vadstena to its European paragons.  

     

    The results indicate that while the use of specific diagnostic terms to describe erotic behaviour was infrequent, therapeutic and managerial intervention shows that sexual acts and expressions of desire were considered disturbing and dangerous symptoms in both male and female patients. The analysis thus makes visible a gap between psychiatric theory and asylum practice, emphasising uncertainties and complexities inherent in the latter. While erotic behaviour could be considered indicative of illness, it might also be interpreted as a lack of character or a result of insufficient moral instruction. The asylum’s regime of work and moral instruction was designed to restore health as well as sound values and appropriate behaviour in its patients, indicating a medical culture at Vadstena which was both curative and normalising.

     

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Erotic Insanity
    Download (jpg)
    Omslagsframsida
  • 377. Ekbom, Carl Axel
    Viennetionde och hundaresindelning: studier rörande Sveriges äldsta politiska indelning1974Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 378. Ekecrantz, Stefan
    Hemlig utrikespolitik: kalla kriget, utrikesnämnden och regeringen 1946-19592003Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 379.
    Ekholst, Christine
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Defending one’s rights. Aspects of Violence, Honor and Gender in Swedish Medieval Laws2007Inngår i: Revue d'histoire nordique / Nordic historical review, ISSN 1778-9605, nr 4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article follows the research of Claude Gauvard, who argues that medieval violence was not a marginal phenomenon, but on the contrary defined social relationships, identities, and hierarchies. The first part of the article, based on a study of law codes understood as sources of ideology and mentality, confirms that masculin honour was based on the need to physcially respond to offenses, while feminine honor was based on the need to defend the pure nature of a woman’s sexuality, with the former thus as active and the second passive. The author nuances, however, this traditional approach by highlighting the fact that in certain cases, women were allowed to use force to defend their physical integrity or to take revenge, but without being able to fully adopt the masculine system of honour because their rights were more limited and they depended on their status as spouses.Thus, women had a contradictory and ambiguous status in medieval Swedish law codes.At the end of the 14th century, the Church and the king sought to reduce the right to vengeance and to change the concept of honour.

  • 380.
    Ekholst, Christine
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    För varje brottsling ett straff: Föreställningar om kön i de svenska medeltidslagarna2009Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates concepts of gender in Swedish medieval law. The sources studied are the provincial law codes, the laws of the realm, and the two law codes for cities. The main area of study is the penal codes and especially descriptions of criminal acts and punishments. One objective is to explain the development of female legal responsibility in the Middle Ages. It is argued that a royal initiative lies behind the effort to make women into legal subjects. The other important force behind this movement has been connected to the Church’s emphasis on subjective guilt. The development of female legal responsibility is interpreted as a tendency towards seeing the woman as an autonomous individual.

    The introduction of female legal responsibility was successive and uneven. This means that the laws also reveal which crimes women were expected to commit. The thesis discusses which crimes were considered typically female and which crimes were considered male. In general, women were expected to act more deceitfully. They were not expected to use violence, though the legislators were not alien to female violence. Men were expected to act openly and with violence. The close link between masculinity and use of violence is indeed apparent.

    In the laws of the realm women have been integrated as perpetrators. In fact these laws are far more gender neutral; now both men and women are portrayed as potential criminals. It has however become obvious that female legal responsibility was more often emphasized for serious crimes, those crimes leading to the death penalty. While we see an integration of women as possible perpetrators, the genders are separated by the choice of death penalties. Both male and female punishments were used as a determent, but the bodies of the guilty were treated differently. The male body was used as a visible warning sign to others. The female body was completely destroyed. This reflects differences in concepts between the female and male body.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    För varje brottsling ett straff
  • 381.
    Ekholst, Christine
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Bagerius, Henric
    En olydig sodomit.: Om Magnus Eriksson och det heteronormativa regentskapet.2007Inngår i: Scandia: Tidskrift för historisk forskning, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 73, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    This article discusses how accusations of sodomy were used as a political weapon during the late Middle Ages. With St. Birgitta’s accusations of sodomy against the Swedish king Magnus Eriksson in the 1360s as a starting point, we study how sodomy was used as political propaganda and why it was effective. We argue that these allegations must be seen as part of a wider European political pattern. Numerous cases of similar charges can be found throughout late medieval Europe. All arise in troublesome political situations when the power struggle between king and aristocracy had reached a high point.

    We claim that a queer reading of the medieval texts reveals the great importance of heteronormative sexuality manifested in marital intimacy. To diverge from what we call a heteronormative kingship was regarded so seriously that it could be the very foundation of criticism against a king. The sodomite was an established figure of thought that captured all the faults of king Magnus Eriksson: his heresy, his thoughtlessness, his lasciviousness, his indecisiveness and his inclination to keep young and depraved men as advisors. The sodomite threatened the gender order and by doing so he jeopardized the entire social order. In other words, the accusations of sodomy made it possible for Magnus’ critics to articulate his inability to be master in his own marriage and consequently master of his realm. A sodomite was clearly not suited to be king and the charges of sodomy could thus be used to justify a dethronement.

  • 382. Ekman, Sten
    Kalixlinjen - kalla krigets lås i norr: befästningarna, fasta artilleriet, de svenska planerna och det tänkta sovjetryska anfallet2013Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 383.
    Ekström, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Etnologi.
    Det svarta guldet: Hummerfiske och hummerhandel på den svenska västkusten2016Inngår i: Sjövägen till Sverige: från 1500-talet till våra dagar / [ed] Simon Ekström, Leos Müller, Tomas Nilson, Malmö: Universus Press, 2016, s. 287-303Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 384.
    Ekström, Simon
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Etnologi.
    Müller, LeosStockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Angöringar: Berättelser och kunskap från havet2017Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 385.
    Ekström, Simon
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Etnologi.
    Müller, Leos
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    En introduktion i hur man gör: Nya perspektiv i maritim forskning2016Inngår i: Sjövägen till Sverige: från 1500-talet till våra dagar / [ed] Simon Ekström, Leos Müller, Tomas Nilson, Malmö: Universus Press, 2016, s. 239-245Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 386.
    Ekström, Simon
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Etnologi.
    Müller, Leos
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Inledning: Att kasta loss2017Inngår i: Angöringar: Berättelser och kunskap från havet / [ed] Simon Ekström, Leos Müller, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2017, s. 9-15Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 387.
    Ekström, Simon
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap.
    Müller, LeosStockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.Nilson, Tomas
    Sjövägen till Sverige: från 1500-talet till våra dagar2016Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    För första gången tar Sveriges främsta maritima forskare ett helhetsgrepp på det maritima området Sverige och Norden. Sjövägen till Sverige lyfter fram kunskapen om havets centrala roll i Sveriges samtid och historia. Det handlar om de långa historiska linjerna, från Gustav Vasas tid till idag. Bokens första del ger en bred introduktion till svenska sjökrig och örlogsflottans historia, utrikeshandel och sjöfart, skeppsvarvens historia, fiske och passagerarsjöfart. Den andra delen innehåller mer avgränsade utblickar. Här behandlas ämnensom sjömanstatueringar, hummerfiske, det unika svenska intressetför fritidsbåtar mm. I stort som smått visar perspektiven på hur viktigt havet varit för både nationen och dess människor. Att detta förhållande behöver framhållas i en egen bok förklaras kanske av att havet är ständigt närvarande och ändå lätt glöms bort. Inte minst gäller det havets och sjöfartens betydelse i den svenskahistorieberättelsen.

  • 388.
    Ekström, Simon
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Etnologi.
    Müller, Leos
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Nilson, Tomas
    Sverige och havet: en introduktion2016Inngår i: Sjövägen till Sverige: Från 1500-talet till våra dagar / [ed] Simon Ekström, Leos Müller, Tomas Nilson, Malmö: Universus Press, 2016, s. 11-21Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 389. Ekström von Essen, Ulla
    Folkhemmets kommun: socialdemokratiska idéer om lokalsamhället 1939-19522003Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 390.
    Elfver, Frédéric
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Om ett unikt gåvomynt från vikingatiden2009Inngår i: Svensk Numismatisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-071X, nr 1, s. 12-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 391.
    Elfver, Frédéric
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
    Tord Ekström. 9 november 1917 – 29 maj 20082009Inngår i: Svensk Numismatisk Tidskrift, nr 2, s. 49-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 392.
    Elgán, Elisabeth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Att ge sig själv makt: Grupp 8 och 1970-talets feminism2015 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    1970-talets feministiska grupperingar har gått till historien - för vissa som extremister och manshatare, för andra som förebilder. Här analyseras den största av dem, Grupp 8 i Stockholm. Elisabeth Elgán har undersökt kampanjer, interna aktiviteter och ideologiska diskussioner i organisationens omfattande arkiv och skildrar inte minst den svåra balansgången mellan kvinnokamp och klasskamp.

  • 393.
    Elgán, Elisabeth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    El éxito político de las mujeres nórdicas2010Inngår i: Enciclopedia histórica y política  de las mujeres: Europa y América / [ed] Christine Fauré, Madrid: Alkal , 2010, s. 779-795Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 394.
    Elgán, Elisabeth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    För lite och för sent: vi behöver ett nytt museum för historia2010Inngår i: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, nr 3, s. 493-495Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 395.
    Elgán, Elisabeth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Kön i förändring: Recension av Jenny-Leontine Olssons avhandling Kön i förändring2012Inngår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, nr 2012, s. 236-240Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 396.
    Elgán, Elisabeth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Medelhavet: öst och väst, nord och syd2014Inngår i: En samtidig världshistoria / [ed] Maria Sjöberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, s. 893-910Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 397.
    Elgán, Elisabeth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Nationalekonomi och sex: kommentar till text om preventivmedel2015Inngår i: Sexualpolitiska nyckeltexter / [ed] Klara Arnberg, Pia Laskar, Fia Sundevall, Stockholm: Leopard , 2015, s. 186-206Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 398.
    Elgán, Elisabeth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Pouvoir économique en Suède et inégalités des sexes2015Inngår i: Chronique féministe, ISSN 0774-3432, nr 115, s. 35-38Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 399.
    Elgán, Elisabeth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Regards croisés sur les politiques d'égalité femmes-hommes et leur réception en France et en Suède2012Inngår i: Femmes-hommes: penser l'égalité / [ed] Sandrine Dauphin, Réjane Sénac, Paris: La Documentation francaise , 2012, s. 191-198Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 400.
    Elgán, Elisabeth
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Ut ur kvinnofängelset! Kommentar till Eva Moberg, "Kvinnans villkorliga frigivning"2012Inngår i: Könspolitiska nyckeltexter 2: Från befolkningskris till talibantal 1930-2002 / [ed] Klara Arnberg, Fia Sundevall, David Tjeder, Makadam Förlag, 2012, s. 94-98Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
567891011 351 - 400 of 2170
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