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  • 3951.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Depositional Traditions in Iron Age Kormt2017In: Avaldsnes: A Sea-Kings' Manor in First-Millenium Western Scandinavia / [ed] Dagfinn Skre, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2017, p. 687-720Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores Iron Age depositions in wetlands and on dry ground in Kormt. The types of objects deposited and their contexts are discussed from a longterm perspective, and the emerging patterns are interpreted in cultural-historical terms.

    The early Iron Age depositions cluster on northeastern and southwestern Kormt, especially in the Avaldsnes and Ferkingstad areas. They indicate the presence of men of military rank and are placed at strategic maritime sites: Ferkingstad and northern Kormt. The depositional traditions of the early Iron Age resemble those of nearby Jæren and southernmost Hordaland, and indeed those of northern Jylland, Denmark. No depositions are known from the period AD 550–700. In the Viking Period, the depositional tradition in Kormt society seems to have played a more limited and less aristocratic role than previously. The depositional traditions differ from neighbouring as well as distant regions with which there formerly were similarities.

  • 3952.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Fjärran ting: Exotiska föremål och nya seder under mellersta järnåldern2011In: Förmodern globalitet: Essäer om rörelse, möten och fjärran ting under 10 000 år / [ed] Anders Andrén, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2011, p. 109-129Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Samhällsförändringen i Mellansverige under tiden 550-700 skisseras och diskuteras med hjälp av exotiska föremål, nya seder som jakten med dresserad rovfågel liksom utmarkernas betydelse i denna process.

  • 3953.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Fullerö: Roman reflections in the rural countryside of Uppland2017In: Interaktionen ohne Grenzen/Interaction without borders: Beispiele archeologischer Forschungen am Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts/Exemplary archaeological research at the beginning of the 21st century. Festschrift für Claus von Carnap-Bornheim zum 60. Geburtstag / [ed] Berit Valentin Eriksen, Angelika Abegg-Wigg, Ralf Bleile & Ulf Ickerodt, Schleswig: Wachholtz Verlag Neumünster , 2017, p. 239-248Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3954.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Gamla Uppsala: på nytt2013In: Gamla Uppsala i ny belysning / [ed] Olof Sundqvist, Per Vikstrand, Uppsala: Swedish Science Press , 2013, p. 161-205Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Gamla Uppsalas historia och landskapet ikring rymmer många svar på varför Uppsala i äldsta vendeltid blev ett ryktbart säte med monumentala gravhögar och höga imposanta hallar. Yngre järnålderns kungsgårdsmiljö med sina äldre historiska rötter är en av de mest komplexa som går att finna i Norden, komplex i avseendet att den avtecknar sig i så många olika typer av källmaterial, något som diskuteras i artikeln.

  • 3955.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Helgö: mer än ett vi2011In: Makt, kult, plats: Högstatusmiljöer under den äldre järnåldern. Kultplatser / [ed] Peter Bratt & Richard Grönwall, Stockholm: Stockholms länsmuseum , 2011, p. 69-79Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Helgö i Mälaren bär många spår av religiösa ritualer inom- och utomhus. Här jämförs dessa jämförs med materiella lämningar från järnålderns kultplatser i Mellansverige 

  • 3956.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Händelser vid vatten: om näcken vid Lutbron och de förkristna dödsoffren i sjön Bokaren, Uppland2014In: Saga och sed: Kungl. Gustav Adolfs akademiens årsbok. 2014 / [ed] Maj Reinhammar, Uppsala: Kungliga Gustav Adolfs Akadmien , 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The oral traditions and the archaeological context of the lake Bokaren are in focus in this article. During the Late Iron Age a cultic site where humans and animals were ritually killed was placed in the lake. Nearby was a contemporaneous elite settlement called Hov, marked by a concentration of large burial mounds. Many hundreds of years later a master fiddler was born and bred by the lake. He learnt his extraordinary musical skills from näcken. This occurred at the stream running out of lake and thus by the waters that had passed through platform in the lake with the remains of human and animals. This is viewed as no coincidence, instead it is argued that the oral traditions of näcken can be understood in a deeper time perspective than has formerly been applied.

  • 3957.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    I vendelkrigarnas gravkammare Krigarna från Valsgärde: Glimtar från en guld- och granatskimrande forntidKent Andersson2017In: Respons : recensionstidskrift för humaniora & samhällsvetenskap, ISSN 2001-2292, no 4, p. 32-34Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3958.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    II: 31 Sites2019In: Handbook of Pre-Modern Nordic Memory Studies: Interdisciplinary Approaches / [ed] Jürg Glauser, Pernille Hermann, Stephen A. Mitchell, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2019, p. 620-626Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This case study demonstrates how the great mounds and halls in Old Uppsala in central Sweden, erected AD 550–650, were used for expressing cultural memory. By the construction of monumental halls, rulers created arenas for expressing both power and authority, as well as for memory production. The halls left material traces, which makes possible consideration of whether they were also maintained and used in the Viking Age, or if they were abandoned and either remembered or forgotten.

  • 3959.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Kungsämnen i Söderby och kungens Sigtuna: Om den materiella kulturen i och kring Söderby i Danmarks socken2010In: Situne Dei, ISSN 1653-8498, Vol. 5, p. 163-174Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 3960.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Property and Honour: Social Change in Cemtral Sweden 200-700 Mirrired in the Area around Old Uppsala2011In: Det 61. Internationale Sachsensymposion 2010 Haderslev, Danmark: Arkeologi i Slesvig / [ed] Linda Boye, Per Ethelberg, Lene Heidemann-Lutz, Sunhild Kleingärtner, Pernille Kruse, Lilian Mathers, Anne Birgitte Sørensen, Neumünster: Wachholtz Verlag Neumünster , 2011, p. 141-156Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social change in Midsweden is mirrored against the development of agrarian landscape around Old Uppsala and the establishment of the royal manor

  • 3961.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Rotary querns and bread: A social history of Sweden2014In: Seen through a millstone / [ed] Lotte Sellsing, Stavanger: Arkeologisk museum, Universitetet i Stavanger , 2014, p. 181-192Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rotary querns were introduced at the same as the oldest known bread appeared in the Nordic countries, c. AD 200. Since these type of querns were very efficient, bread could have been baked and consumed in most social milieus. But this was not the case. The rotary querns first appear at elite settlements, so-called central places, were the cultic dimensions are marked. Altogether the social acceptance for bread in Iron Age Sweden seems to have been slow.

    Kvarnberget in Sala, Västmanland in the region north of Mälaren, is a millstone quarry mountain known from a written source from AD 1490. The quarry was located on the grounds of a lost settlement called Onsala, later split into the villages Ösby and Åby. Onsala might be interptreted as the god Odin's hall or sal. The lost settlement is situated next to a settlement called Hov, a place name that can be interpreted as a settlement where cultic rituals took place. A quarry mountain on the grounds of a Late Iron Age settlement bearing a name connected with the god Odin is an unexpected combination in this region of Sweden, where the plains transitions into the wooded area Bergslagen, renowned for its production of silver, copper, iron and other minerals. Kvarnberget is poorly known but can contribute to a general discussion on the social contexts for the production sites for rotary querns, as well as reflect on the milieus were bread was eaten.

  • 3962.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Scandinavian figurines: relatives of the gold foil figures, and a new find from Old Uppsala2019In: Gold foil figures in focus: a Scandinavian find group and related objects and images from ancient and medieval Europe: papers from an international and interdisciplinary workshop organized by the Centre for Baltic and Scandianvian Archaeology (ZBSA) in Schleswig, Schloss Gottorf, October 23rd-25th 2017 / [ed] Alexandra Pesch, Michaela Helmbrecht, München: Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil , 2019, p. 105-129Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper argues that figurines of gold or (gilded) copper alloy, particularly from the 5th to 7th centuries, can contribute to a better understanding of the gold foil figures. It discusses examplars dating from Late Roman Iron Age, Migration, and Vendel period Scandinavia, especially those from Slipshavn in Funen, Gudum in Zealand, and Guldhullet/Smørenge in Bornholm, all in Denmark, as well as those from Kymbo in Västergötland and Lunda in Södermanland, Sweden, and compares them with gold foil figures. A unique gilded example from the late 7th or early 8th century – so small that it is equal in size to a gold foil figure – recently found in a female burial situated near the royal seat of Old Uppsala in Uppland, Sweden, is also discussed in detail. The figurines relate in posture, gesture, and attributes to the single gold foil figures but not to gold foil figural pairs. Pendants from the 6th to 8th centuries on the other hand, such as those from Kville in Bohuslän and Tuna in Alsike in Uppland and Norsborg in Södermanland, Sweden, allude in gesture, dress, and attributes to both single gold foil figures as well as to gold foil figures depicting pairs. The attributes and gestures of the figurines connect with the pre-Christian cult. If considered in a contemporary Christian European iconography, they would have signalled awe and divine epiphany.

  • 3963.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Sepulkralsten och stenansikte: Om det ovanligas betydelse i miljön kring Resmo2013In: En bok om Resmo: Stort och smått från en Ölandssocken / [ed] L. Papmehl-Dufay, A. Åsenius, K. Gustafsson, L-O Martinsson, E. Willerud, R. Rosenberg, F. Åsenius, H. G. Martinsson, Resmo: Resmo hembygdsförening , 2013, p. 303-313Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Resmo källa var förr berömd. Den var föremål för religiösa ritualer under kristen tid. Till den knyter sig en sägen om en kvinna som omvände människor under missionstiden. Men den var plats för ritualer tidigare ändå. Här hittades ett halvt människoansikte i sten och källan har förknippats med hedniska makter och en runmagiker. I artikeln diskuteras arkeologin och landskapet kring källan, liksom även ett ålderdomligt resealtare hittat i en åker vid Gynge, som kan ha samband med den tingsplats av gammal hävd nämnd i historiska kartor och i ett medeltida dokument. 

  • 3964.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Spår av järnålder på Stadsholmen och malmarna2016In: Stockholm före Stockholm: Från äldsta tid fram till 1300 / [ed] Susanne Thedéen, Torun Zachrisson, Stockholm: Stockholmia förlag, 2016, , p. 264Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Stockholm växte fram i ett landskapsavsnitt med särskilda kvaliteter. Ön låg tätt intill men mellan järnåldersbygderna och i den stora farleden in och ut från Svetjud. Dessutom var ön placerad där flera territoriella gränser sammanstrålade. Vikingatida föremål talar för att de människor som rört sig i hamnar och på Stadsholmen även rört sig på platser som Birka och Sigtuna, liksom förmodligen i österled. Så fort Mälaren skapas omkring år 1000 tycks passagen genom Norrström ha kontrollerats av en spärr i farleden. Vid samma tid lades en rad silverskatter ner på farledsnära platser. Strax därefter finns de första tecknen på fast bebyggelse på Stadsholmen. Stockholms speciella karaktär i äldre tid har sin grund i platsens roll för sjöfarten, särskilt sjökrigsorganisationen under vikingatid och tidig medeltid.

  • 3965.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    Stenansiktet vid Resmo källa2015In: Grävda minnen: från Skedemosse till Sandby borg / [ed] Kjell-Håkan Arnell, Ludvig Papmehl-Dufay, Kalmar: Kalmar läns museum , 2015Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3966.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Stockholm före Stockholm: en oväntat spännande historia2013In: Yngre järnålder i Stockholms län - aktuell forskning / [ed] Jan Owe, Stockholm: Stockholms läns museum , 2013, p. 11-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att Stockholm är en intressant medeltida stad vet vi. Men vad anläggs den egentligen på för plats? Topografiskt har den särskilda kvaliteter, en ö belägen i mötet mellan en brant åsrygg och vatten. Historien börjar i romersk järnålder med ett unikt romerskt fynd, deponerat i de nära omgivningarna. En betalningsring av guld från folkvandringstid funnet i ett tjockt, mörkt kulturlager på krönet av ön talar för att där fanns bebyggelse av speciellt slag. Under 900-talet hettade det till på och runt ön med föremål som indikerar närvaron av en elit. I senvikingatid finns rester av en dendrokronologiskt daterad spärr i strömmen. Samtidigt deponeras en rad silverskatter i trakten. Öns belägenhet och lösfyndens särskilda karaktär gör det befogat att fråga sig om ön varit en helgö? en fredad ö avsedd för handels-, kult- och tingsmöten.

  • 3967.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Tamkatten – en nykomling under tidig järnålder2017In: Fauna och flora : populär tidskrift för biologi, ISSN 0014-8903, Vol. 112, no 2, p. 32-34Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3968.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    The Archaeology of Rimbert: The Churches of Hergeir and Gautbert and Borg in Birka2011In: Viking Settlements & Viking Society: Papers from the Proceedings of the Sixteenth Viking Congress / [ed] Svavar Sigmundsson, Reykjavik: Hid islenzka fornleifafelag & University of Iceland Press , 2011, p. 469-493Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In his Vita Anskarii, Rimbert describes the Christian mission to the port of the Swedes in the 830s. He mentions two churches there, one built on the family estate of the port bailiff, the other built in the seaport itself by Bishop Gautbert. The locations of these churches have long been discussed. Thanks to archaeological research excavations it is now possible to offer a new suggestion regarding the church of Gautbert. It is argued that the hillfort of Birka, Borg, may be the site of this church and the bishop’s fortified precinct. This would make Birka structurally similar to a number of coeval cities on the Continent, where there was a fortified cathedral hill and a market town at its foot. 9th century finds on and around Borg open up for such a possibility.

  • 3969.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    The background of the odal rights: an archaeological discussion2017In: Danish Journal of Archaeology, ISSN 2166-2282, E-ISSN 2166-2290, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 118-132Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The age and origin of the odal rights known from medieval times in Sweden and Norway are debated. Archaeologists tend to view them as old and a part of the pre-Christian society, whereas historians and legal historians view them as established after Christianity was introduced, mirroring canonical laws. In Viking Age runic inscriptions from the eleventh century in the lake Mälaren valley in Sweden, from late tenth to eleventh century in south-western Norway, the term odal, inherited family land occurs together with other expressions concerning landed property. Furthermore, two runestones in Småland and Hälsingland in Sweden, c. 650 km apart, each enumerate five earlier ancestors in a male lineage, the sponsor himself being the sixth generation. As these runic inscriptions were made in different parts of Scandinavia during the late tenth and eleventh century, this indicates that the term and concept odal was widespread already before the canonic laws of the early medieval period were introduced, and quite possibly belongs to an older inheritance structure. The aim of this article is a renewed discussion focussing on the runological sources where the term and concept odal can be found in the Viking Age Scandinavian society (c. 750–1050 CE), but also early medieval written sources. Thereafter, archaeological sources from the Late Iron Age are addressed (c. 550–1050 CE).

  • 3970.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    The Enigmatic Stone Faces: Cult images from the Iron Age?2017In: Life on the Edge: Social, Political and Religious Frontiers in Early Medieval Europe / [ed] Sarah Semple, Celia Orsini, Sian Mui, Wendeburg: Verlag Uwe Krebs , 2017, p. 355-363Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3971.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    The mirage and the hill-fort: Iron Age landscape and material culture on Stora Karlsö2009In: Journal of Nordic Archaeological Science, ISSN 1650-1519, Vol. 16, p. 39-47Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3972.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. Arkeologi.
    The Seated God: The Enthroned Figure with a Heap in his Lap2007In: Cultural interaction between east and west: Archaeology, artefacts and human contacts in northern Europe, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm , 2007, p. 134-139Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3973.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Trälar fanns: att synliggöra ofria 550-1200 e.Kr. i Sverige2014In: Att befolka det förflutna: Fem artiklar om hur vi kan synliggöra människan och hennes handlingar i arkeologiskt material. Från Nordic Tag mötet 2011 på Linnéuniversitetet, Kalmar / [ed] Anne Carlie, Stockholm: Riksantikvarieämbetet , 2014, p. 72-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Thralls. Making bonded people visible 550-1200 AD in Sweden. To be free or unfree was crucial in the Nordic society. A thrall was a person in social isolation, lacked honour, without family, belonging to the owner. The awareness of the role of the bonded people has slowly increased. By a reinterpretation of various archaeological sources it is possible to make bonded people visible to a larger extent, thereby increasing the knowledge of the material culture of bondage. The physical remains of thralls in skeletal as well as cremation graves are discussed. The finds of shackels from Birka and the royal manor of Adelsö that are put forward, can probably be an indication of slave trade. The tools and products of female thralls such as rotary querns and the widespread Baltic ceramics are touched upon. Finally milieus were Late Viking Age runic inscriptions commemorating bonded people, both stewards and homeborn thralls as well as a freed person are discussed. 

  • 3974.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Vetenskapligt program2009In: Stiftelsen Kulturmiljövård Mälardalen Vetenskapligt program 2009 / [ed] Anna Lihammer, Västerås: Kulturmiljövård Mälardalen , 2009, Vol. 1, p. 23-143Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3975.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Volund was here: A Myth Archaeologically Anchored in Viking Age Scania2018In: Old-Norse Mythology: Comparative Perspectives / [ed] Pernille Hermann, Stephen A. Mitchell, Jens Peter Schjødt, Amber J. Rose, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2018, p. 139-162Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A recently discovered object from the Viking Age shows a winged human figure. It has been interpreted as a representation of Volund the smith and more specifically to the version of the legend found in Þiðreks saga. The context for the object is the center Uppåkra in Sweden, is compared with the context presented in saga. The article concludes that an audience in Viking Age Uppåkra would have felt at home with the winged man and the version in Þiðreks saga, but less familiar with the social setting for Volund presented in Vǫlundarkviða that represents a setting that would have been more easily understood further north in Mid-Sweden.

  • 3976.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Kempff Östlind, MargaretaDepartment of the History of Art.
    Ceremoniella rum2007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 3977.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Kempff Östlind, Margareta
    Department of the History of Art.
    Förord2007In: Bebygglesehistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0349-2834, Vol. 52, p. 5-6Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 3978.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Kjellström, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Krzewińska, Maja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    The river Fyris route: a stop at Vendel period Tuna in Alsike, Sweden2019In: Early medieval waterscapes: Risks and opportunities of (im)material cultural exchange / [ed] Rica Annaert, Braunschweig, 2019, p. 185-196Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main water route leading into the core of the realm Svithiod is discussed and especially Tuna in Alsike, a site that is situated along it. The identity of a male buried in the late 6th century at Tuna is discussed in detail using osteological, isotope and aDNA analysis in combination with the material objects in the richly furnished burial as well as the settlement context itself.

  • 3979.
    Zachrisson, Torun
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    Ljung, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Anna, Kjellström
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Osteoarchaeological Research Laboratory.
    Skärningspunkt Sigtuna – en första presentation av ett forskningsprojekt2017In: Situne Dei: årsskrift för Sigtunaforskning, ISSN 2002-4215, p. 52-63Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a new research project: Skärningspunkt Sigtuna – de första människorna i Sveriges äldsta stad (Intersection Sigtuna – the first inhabitants of Sweden’s oldest town), which runs from 2017 to 2020 and is sponsored by  the Swedish Research Council. The project aims to understand cultural transformation in the town’s earliest periods by studying the people who lived and died there. The main source material comprises c. 330 excavated graves dating from the town’s foundation in AD 970/80 until AD 1100. These derive both from five early churchyards as well as so-called “graveyards” (Sw. gravgård) – where individuals were buried in accordance with Christian practice, but not in the proximity of a church building. These early “graveyards” are unique to Scandinavia, but the phenomenon has yet to be subjected to in-depth analysis. Different kinds of burial grounds were partly in use simultaneously in Sigtuna and it is unclear how the interred individuals relate to one another, or what kind of social, cultural and religious communities they represent.

    The project combines archaeological and osteological data with regard to burial-place topography and location, burial custom including grave goods and relation to rune-inscribed stone monuments, isotopic analysis and ancient DNA-analysis of selected individuals. Sigtuna’s material culture in general indicates that it was a cosmopolitan town. The project will extend our knowledge in this regard by focusing on the backgrounds of the  first generations of town dwellers. Our main objective is to understand urbanization, migration, cultural interaction between groups and individuals, early church organization, networks and transnational relations.

  • 3980.
    Zadencka, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic Languages.
    Obrazy suwerennosci. O wyobrazni politycznej w literaturze polskiej XIX i XX wieku2007Book (Refereed)
  • 3981.
    Zadencka, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Slavic Languages.
    Polish Exile Historians at the International Historical Congresses2015In: East and Central European History Writing in Exile 1939-1989 / [ed] Maria Zadencka, Andrejs Plakans, Andreas Lawaty, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2015, p. 156-189Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3982.
    Zadencka, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic Languages.
    Zeichen der Exterritorialität. Ukraine-Bilder in den Werken der polnischen Romantiker2007In: Romantik und Geschichte: Polnisches Paradigma, europäischer Kontext, deutsch-polnische Perspektive, 2007, p. 419-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3983.
    Zadencka, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures.
    Zwiazki kulturowe Rzeczypospolitej i Szwecji w XVII i XVIII wieku: kultura polityczna2015In: Wśród krajów Północy: Kultura Pierwszej Rzeczypospolitej wobec narodów germańskich, słowiańskich i naddunajskich: mapa spotkań, przestrzenie dialogu / [ed] Bartosz Działoszyński, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego , 2015, p. 103-124Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3984.
    Zadencka, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German.
    Plakans, AndrejsLawaty, Andreas
    East and Central European History Writing in Exile 1939-19892015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The studies in East and Central European History Writing in Exile 1939-1989, all written by experts in the history of the region, give answers to the comprehensive question of how the experience of exile during the time of the Nazi and Communist totalitarianism influenced and still influences history writing and the historical consciousness both in the countries hosting exile historians, as well as in the home countries which these historians left. The volume comprises difficult-to-access information about the organization and the work of historians exiled from the Baltic States, including Baltic Germans, Belorusia, Ukraine, and Poland. And it provides reflections on the intellectuals networking between their own national and the foreign traditions in the exile.

    Contributors are: Olavi Arens, Mirosław Filipowicz, Jörg Hackmann, Volodymyr Kravchenko, Oleg Łatyszonek, Andreas Lawaty, Iveta Leitāne, Artur Mękarski, Andrzej Nowak, Gert von Pistohlkors, Andrejs Plakans, Toivo Raun, Rafał Stobiecki, Mirosław A. Supruniuk, Jaan Undusk, and Maria Zadencka.

  • 3985.
    Zalkalns, Lilita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    Back to the Motherland: Repatriation and Latvian Émigrés 1955-19582014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about a remarkable experience lived through by Latvian émigrés in the mid-1950s. They were the targets of a Soviet repatriation campaign, operated by the KGB, which not only envisioned their repatriation to the Soviet Latvian homeland, but also anticipated the destruction of their émigré society as they knew it.

    The purpose of this thesis is to portray and analyze this repatriation campaign and the émigré Latvian reactions to it. By looking at the activities of the Committee For Return to the Motherland in East Berlin, the contents of the Latvian language repatriation newspaper Par atgriešanos Dzimtenē (For Return to the Motherland), and the reactions to the campaign in contemporary émigré press, this study shows how highly developed strategies and tactics were implemented in order to elicit certain behaviors from émigrés, and how émigrés advanced their own counter-strategies to offset the effects of the campaign. More specifically, this study examines the standardized narratives in Par atgriešanos Dzimtenē that were meant for émigré self-identification and emulation.

    This thesis proposes that the repatriation campaign was a highly complex Soviet propaganda effort. The publicly announced goal of repatriation included several parallel goals, aims, and purposes and encompassed many types of activities. Above all, deception was used to cover the actions undertaken against émigrés and to mislead host country governments and agencies. This thesis concludes that notwithstanding the Soviet superiority in organization and resources, a small, unprotected, and internally divided community could withstand the concerted efforts of Soviet propaganda if the group’s sense of mission was sufficiently strong and firm.

  • 3986.
    Zalkalns, Lilita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Baltic Languages.
    Dzimtenes Balss pielikumi2017In: Jaunā Gaita, ISSN 0448-9179, Vol. LXIV, no 291, p. 40-46Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Between 1955 and 1992, Latvians in the western exile received the propaganda publication "Dzimtenes Balss", which was written by and published by the Cultural Relations Committee in Riga, a KGB-front whose goal was to neutralize exile Latvian anti-Communistic activities. Beginning 1964, "Dzimtenes Balss" published a number of supplements that targeted exile Latvian activitists and organizations. The supplements, among them Svešuma Balss, Svešatnes Atspulgi, Latvia Today, et al, were published in Latvian and in English.

  • 3987.
    Zalkalns, Lilita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Baltic Languages.
    Ievadvārdi2018In: Nyet, Nyet, Soviet! stāsti par latviešu politiskajām demonstrācijām trimdā / [ed] Eva Eglāja-Kristsone, Rīga: "Latvieši pasaulē" Muzejs un pētniecības centrs , 2018, p. 11-12Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3988.
    Zalkalns, Lilita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Baltic Languages.
    Uldis Ģērmanis un izdevniecība "Memento"2016In: Jaunā Gaita, ISSN 0448-9179, Vol. LXII, no 284, p. 53-55Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    A summary of historian, publicist, and author Uldis Ģērmanis' collaboration with publishing house "Memento". "Memento" was established in Stockholm 1961, by leading exile Latvian socialdemocrats. Between 1986 and 1998 "Memento" published eleven books authored by Uldis Ģērmanis.

  • 3989.
    Zalkalns, Lilita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Baltic Languages.
    Uldis Ģērmanis un izdevniecība "Memento"2017In: Piemini Uldi Ģērmani!: Ulža Ģērmaņa piemiņas konference 2015. gada 3. oktobrī: Ulža Ģērmaņa 100. dzimšanas dienas rakstu krājums / [ed] Agris Auce, Jānis Amols, Riga: Fraternitas Livonica Filistru biedrība , 2017, p. 59-65Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A summary of historian, publicist, and author Uldis Ģērmanis' collaboration with publishing house "Memento". "Memento" was established in Stockholm 1961, by leading exile Latvian socialdemocrats. Between 1986 and 1998 "Memento" published eleven books authored by Uldis Ģērmanis.

  • 3990.
    Zamore, Gustav
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Bonaventure’s Thought Experiment: The Use of Synderesis in the Itinerarium mentis in Deum, the Ineffability Topos and Francis’s Stigmata2018In: Medieval Thought Experiments: Poetry, Hypothesis, and Experience in the European Middle Ages / [ed] Philip Knox, Jonathan Morton, Daniel Reeve, Turnhout: Brepols, 2018, p. 173-195Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3991. Zarina, Gunita
    et al.
    Sholts, Sabrina B.
    Tichinin, Alina
    Rudovica, Vita
    Viksna, Arturs
    Engizere, Austra
    Muiznieks, Vitolds
    Bartelink, Eric J.
    Wärmländer, Sebastian K. T. S.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics. UCLA/Getty Conservation Programme, UCLA, United States.
    Cribra orbitalia as a potential indicator of childhood stress: Evidence from paleopathology, stable C, N, and O isotopes, and trace element concentrations in children from a 17th-18th century cemetery in Jekabpils, Latvia2016In: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0946-672X, E-ISSN 1878-3252, Vol. 38, p. 131-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cribra orbitalia (CO), or porotic hyperostosis (PH) of the orbital roof, is one of the most common pathological conditions found in archaeological subadult skeletal remains. Reaching frequencies higher than 50% in many prehistoric samples, CO has been generally attributed to a variety of factors including malnutrition (e.g., megaloblastic anemia) and parasitism. In this study, we tested the relationship between CO, trace element concentrations, and stable isotope values (delta C-13, delta N-15, delta O-18) in subadult skeletons from a 17th to 18th century cemetery in the historic town of Jekabpils, Latvia. A total of 28 subadults were examined, seven of which (25%) showed evidence of CO. Bioarchaeological evidence indicated high mortality for children in this cemetery: half of the burials were subadults under the age of 14, while a third were under the age of four. Life expectancy at birth was estimated to have been only 21.6 years. Trace element concentrations measured by Inductively Coupled Plasma - Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) showed no relationship between presence or absence of CO and levels of manganese, zinc, strontium, barium, copper, cadmium, or lead in the bones (p>0.05). However, a significant correlation (p<0.05) was found between the presence of CO and decreased levels of iron. The correlations between CO and decreased levels of copper and lead approached significance (p=0.056 for both elements). Individuals with CO furthermore displayed significantly lower delta N-15 isotope values, suggesting greater consumption of lower trophic level food resources than those unaffected by CO; delta C-13 and delta O-18 values, in contrast, showed no significant differences. These results suggest that the prevalence of CO may be related to dietary deficiencies. In this case, low iron levels may also signify a diet low in other key vitamins (e.g., B-g and B-12), which are known to cause megaloblastic anemia.

  • 3992.
    Árnadóttir, Ragnhildur
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    Production and Trade of Egyptian Faience in the Late Bronze Age: SEM Analysis on Egyptian Faience Beads in Hala Sultan Tekke2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Cyperns olika handelsrelationer med Egypten, Levanten och den Egeiska övärlden under sen bronsålder utreds. I Hala Sultan Tekke på Cypern påträffades egyptiska fajanspärlor. I denna studie analyserades pärlorna med hjälp av svepelektronmikroskop med EDS analysenhet (SEM-EDS). Ett antal analyser utfördes för att få kunskap om vilka element pärlorna bestod av. Resultaten från analyserna visade vilka råmaterial som hade använts vid tillverkningen av pärlorna. Det framkom även att pärlorna hade en glaserad yta som hade uppkommit vid bränningen under glaseringsprocessen. Resultaten från SEM-EDS- analyserna av pärlorna från Hala Sultan Tekke jämfördes med pärlor från Thebe, Egypten, med avsikten att undersöka om pärlorna från Hala Sultan Tekke var lokalt tillverkade eller importerade. Slutsatsen är att de egyptiska fajanspärlorna var tillverkade i Egypten.

  • 3993. Äikäs, Tiina
    et al.
    Spangen, Marte
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    New Users and Changing Traditions—(Re)Defining Sami Offering Sites2016In: European Journal of Archaeology, ISSN 1461-9571, E-ISSN 1741-2722, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 95-121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sami are indigenous people of Northern Fennoscandia. Some Sami offering sites have been used for over a thousand years. During this time, the offering traditions have changed and various people have started using the places based on different motivations. Present day archaeological finds give evidence of both continuing traditions and new meanings attached to these sites, as well as to sites that were probably not originally used for rituals in the Sami ethnic religion. In some cases, the authenticity of the place seems to lie in the stories and current beliefs more than in a historical continuity or any specifically sacred aspects of the topography or nature it is situated in. Today's new users include, for example, local (Sami) people, tourists, and neo-pagans. This paper discusses what informs these users, what identifies certain locations as offering sites, and what current users believe their relationship to these places should be. What roles do scholarly traditions, heritage tourism, and internal culture have in (re)defining Sami offering sites and similarly what roles do ‘appropriate’ rituals have in ascribing meaning to particular places? How do we mediate wishes for multivocality with our professional opinions when it comes to defining sacredness?

  • 3994.
    Åmark, Klas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Att bo granne med ondskan: Sveriges förhållande till nazismen, Nazityskland och Förintelsen2016 (ed. 2)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3995.
    Åmark, Klas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Att bo granne med ondskan: Sveriges förhållande till nazismen, Nazityskland och Förintelsen2011Book (Other academic)
  • 3996.
    Åmark, Klas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Bra debattinlägg men som historieskrivning inte övertygande: Daniel Suhonen, Partiledaren som klev in i kylan: Berättelsen om Juholts fall och den nya politiken2014In: Respons : recensionstidskrift för humaniora & samhällsvetenskap, ISSN 2001-2292, no 6Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 3997.
    Åmark, Klas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Förövarna bestämmer villkoren: Raoul Wallenberg och de internatioenlla hjälpaktionerna i Budapest2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    När Nazityskland ockuperade Ungern 1944 sändes folk till Budapest för att bygga upp hjälpaktioner, som Raoul Wallenberg och Röda korsets Friedrich Born. Andra fanns redan på plats. Schweizaren Carl Lutz, svensken Valdemar Langlet och den påvlige nuntien Angelo Rotta grep tillfället i flykten och gjorde vad de kunde, ibland med fara för eget liv. De genomförde den största samlade hjälpaktionen för judarna under Förintelsen. En av dem, Raoul Wallenberg, blev snabbt världsberömd, de andra glömdes mer eller mindre bort. Först långt senare fick de berättigad uppmärksamhet. Åmark använder ny forskning och numera tillgängligt källmaterial för att beskriva hjälparbetet. Om Wallenberg har det skrivits mycket, men det finns ingen aktuell skildring av de olika hjälpaktionerna, vad de hade gemensamt och vad som skilde dem åt.

  • 3998.
    Åmark, Klas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Hundra år av välfärdspolitik: Välfärdsstatens framväxt i Norge och SVerige2005Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den välfärdsstat som byggdes upp i Sverige och Norge saknade motsvarighet utanför Norden. Socialförsäkringarna utgjorde en central del av denna välfärdsstat och de norska och särskilt de svenska reformerna har väckt stor internationell uppmärksamhet.. I Hundra år av välfärdspolitik följs historien om hur det gick till när systemen byggdes upp från de första lagstiftningsförsöken 1880 tills systemen var fullt utbyggda omkring 1980. Här genomförs en bred, jämförande analys och en aktiv dialog mellan historia och samhällsvetenskap som saknar motstycke i tidigare forskning. Efterkrigstidens politiska strider i Sverige både mellan de politiska blocken och inom arbetarrörelsen om de grundläggande sociala rättigheterna jämförs med den norska konsensuspolitiken och med samverkan i socialförsäkringsfrågorna i Norge mellan de politiska blocken. Författaren visar hur det för de politiska aktörerna ofta blev viktigare att välja de lösningar som var möjliga än att genomföra det de helst ville – politik blev att välja, inte att vilja. Analyserna av den dynamiska maktutövningen med kompromisser, förhandlingar, eftergifter blir en nyckel till förståelsen av varför socialförsäkringarna kom att se ut som de gjorde.

  • 3999.
    Åmark, Klas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Kan man förhandla med gangsters?2014In: Respons : recensionstidskrift för humaniora & samhällsvetenskap, ISSN 2001-2292, no 2Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 4000. Åmark, Klas
    Makt eller moral: svensk offentlig debatt om internationell politik och svensk utrikes- och försvarspolitik 1938-19391973Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
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