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  • 401.
    Odelman, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages, Classical Languages. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    En bukett från kyrkofädernas trädgård: en medeltida latinsk text om der himmelska fäderneslandets beskaffenhet2008In: Signum, ISSN 0347-0423, no 9, p. 37-42Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 402.
    Odelman, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages, Classical Languages. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Glossarium till medeltidslatinet i Sverige = Glossarium mediae latinitatis Sueciae: Supplement, a-Zweuicus 2009Book (Other academic)
  • 403.
    Oen, Maria H.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    A Companion to Birgitta of Sweden and Her Legacy in the Later Middle Ages2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    St Birgitta of Sweden (d. 1373) is one of the most celebrated female visionaries and authors of the Middle Ages and a central figure in the history of late-medieval religion. An aristocratic widow, Birgitta left her native country in 1349 and settled in Rome, where she established herself as an outspoken critic of the Avignon Papacy and an advocate of spiritual and ecclesiastical reform. Birgitta founded a new monastic order, and her major work, The Heavenly Book of Revelations, circulated widely in a variety of monastic, reformist, and intellectual milieus following her death. This volume offers an introduction to the saint and the reception of her work written by experts from various disciplines. In addition to acquainting the reader with the state of the scholarship, the study also presents fresh interpretations and new perspectives on Birgitta and the sources for her life and writings.

  • 404.
    Oen, Maria H.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Ambivalent Images of Authorship2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper deals with the question of Birgitta’s and Catherine’s status as authors and examines the visual representations of the two women, notably in the context of the books containing their texts. In the images of the two women found in the illuminated manuscripts, which began circulating just after their deaths in 1373 and 1380 respectively, and in the early printed copies dating to around 1500, Birgitta is generally represented with a pen in her hand, whereas Catherine is never depicted in the act of writing. This visual material emerges as a paradox when compared to the way the two women are presented in the texts. In the Revelations, Birgitta claims to be a medium and not an author, and she generally refers to herself in third person, or simply as “a person.” Catherine, by contrast, is constantly present in the first person in her letters which frequently open with “I, Catherine, write to you.” By focusing on the tension between the images of the two women and the way they are presented in their respective texts, this chapter will explore the role of the visual in shaping the notions of Birgitta and Catherine as female authors in a time when female authority was still highly controversial. The conflicting representations of their authorial role will also be connected to contemporary debates about their sanctity, where questions concerning human and divine authorship as well as ecclesiastical mediation and approval of the texts of these lay visionaries were of paramount importance. 

  • 405.
    Oen, Maria H.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Birgitta Birgersdotter and the Liber celestis revelacionum2019In: A Companion to Birgitta of Sweden and Her Legacy in the Later Middle Ages / [ed] Maria H. Oen, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2019, p. 1-24Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On 7 October 1391, Pope Boniface ix pronounced the sanctity of Birgitta Birgersdotter—a Swedish widow who, 42 years earlier, had left her native country in order to settle in Rome, where she presented herself as a prophet. The widow’s primary claim to sanctity was constituted by the substantial literary corpus known as the Liber celestis revelacionum (“The Heavenly Book of Revelations,” hereafter the Revelations), which had been compiled by her confessors after Birgitta’s death, in 1373, to serve as evidence in support of a canonization. The Revelations, which spread swiftly in their original Latin and soon in numerous vernacular translations, purported to contain divine messages received by Birgitta directly from God, Christ, the Virgin, and several saints for the benefit of the Church and the salvation of humankind. Their content touches on most of the principal political conflicts and ecclesiastical debates of the time: the Avignon papacy, the Hundred Years’ War, the legitimacy of secular and ecclesiastical rulers, the state of the priesthood, apostolic life, the immaculate conception of the Virgin, the authenticity of relics, the Eucharist, and numerous other subjects. Within a few decades the Revelations, whose status and validity were continuously debated at church councils after the proclamation of Birgitta’s sainthood, were read in lay and ecclesiastical contexts all over Europe, including monasteries, universities, humanist circles, and various reform groups. How was it that a laywoman from the northern fringes of the world came to exercise such a great influence in so many different milieus in the later Middle Ages? The present volume seeks to answer this question by way of a study of Birgitta’s life and legacy. The following ten chapters will explore St Birgitta of Sweden, the Revelations, and the monastic order she founded, while also offering an introduction to the scholarship of the field.

  • 406.
    Oen, Maria H.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. University of Oslo, Norway.
    Iconography and Visions: St. Birgitta’s Revelation of the Nativity of Christ2018In: The Locus of Meaning in Medieval Art: Iconography, Iconology, and Interpreting the Visual Imagery of the Middle Ages / [ed] Lena Eva Liepe, Kalamazoo: Medieval Institute Publications, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
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  • 407.
    Oen, Maria H.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. University of Oslo, Norway.
    Jerusalem and the Authority of Birgitta of Sweden2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 408.
    Oen, Maria H.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. University of Oslo, Norway.
    Rome and the Sanctity of Saint Birgitta2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A year before the Jubilee of 1350, the Swedish noblewoman Birgitta Birgersdotter left her home country for Rome never to return. After having become a widow in her mid-forties, Birgitta had converted to a religious life. The past three years before setting off on her Roman pilgrimage, she had been a lay affiliate of the Cistercian monastery of Alvastra, where she had gained the support of the prior Petrus Olavi. In this paper I shall argue that the city of Rome plays a significant role, both for Birgitta and for Prior Peter, who among others would later campaign for her sanctity, in transforming her from a mulier religiosainto a mulier sancta. It was during the period of more than two decades that Birgitta’s lived in Rome that the Liber coelestis Revelacionum, which would soon represent her primary claim to sanctity,took shape. By analysing the Revelacionesand the proceedings from Birgitta’s canonization process, initiated in Italy immediately after her death in Rome in 1373, I shall demonstrate that the sacred topography of the city, its concrete buildings, relics and artworks, not only provides the contents, protagonists and the mise-en-scène of a number of Birgitta’s visions, but her physical presence at the specific Roman shrines is also employed by her supporters as an effective argument in favour of her sanctity.

  • 409.
    Oen, Maria H.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. University of Oslo, Norway.
    The Authority of Birgitta’s Heavenly Revelations: The Image of the Saint and Her Work in Quattrocento Manuscripts2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 410.
    Oen, Maria H.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    The Iconography of Birgitta in Liber celestis revelacionum2019In: A Companion to Birgitta of Sweden and Her Legacy in the Later Middle Ages / [ed] Maria H. Oen, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2019, p. 186-222Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 411.
    Oen, Maria H.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Universitetet i Oslo, Norge.
    The Iconography of Birgitta of Sweden: Author, Prophet, and Saint2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As the reputed author of Liber celestis revelacionum, an eight-volume literary corpus with a highly political content, Birgitta Birgersdotter stands out among the many laywomen who were venerated as saints in the later Middle Ages. In the canonization process, initiated immediately after her death in Rome in 1373, Birgitta’s assumed role as a divinely appointed prophet formed her primary claim to sainthood, and the textual work served as the principal evidence. The oldest extant images of Birgitta all derive from the first years of the canonization process when panel paintings and illuminations decorating the manuscripts containing the Liber celestiswere produced in Naples. Highly original iconographical formulas were developed for the two media respectively, most likely under the direct supervision of Birgitta’s confessors who had assisted her in the production and dissemination of her revelations. 

    This paper will explore the form and purpose of the iconography developed for the promotion of Birgitta’s sanctity. Special attention will be given to the visual strategies by which the images seeks to negotiate her role as an outspoken public figure, an author, and an active political agent in a time when women were prohibited from instructing men in public, in both speech and text. The paper will also examine how the meaning of the original iconography of Birgitta developed as it spread from one medium to another, and in various social, religious, and linguistic contexts in Europe after the visionary had been elevated to sainthood only 18 years after her death.

  • 412.
    Oen, Maria H.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    The Iconography of the Revelations2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 413.
    Oen, Maria H.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    The Role of Art in the Construction of Late Medieval Visions2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 414. Olofsson, Björn
    et al.
    Holm, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Dateringar av kyrkor i Jämtland: Dendrokronologiska och byggnadshistoriska undersökningar 2011-20122013Report (Other academic)
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  • 415.
    Pettersson, Jonatan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Scandinavian Languages. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Recension av Alexanders saga. Manuscripta Nordica. 2. Utg. Andrea de Leeuw van Weenen, Köpenhamn 2009: Museum Tusculanum Press, 352 s. 1 CD-ROM-skiva.2010In: Scripta Islandica: Isländska Sällskapets Årsbok, ISSN 0582-3234, E-ISSN 2001-9416, Vol. 61, p. 108-116Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 416.
    Pettersson, Jonatan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Scandinavian Languages. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    The Old Swedish Pentateuch Translation and its Reflective Model Reader2023In: Medieval Translations and their Readers / [ed] Pavlina Ryhchterová; Jan Odstrčilík, Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2023, p. 65-86Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article discusses the Old Swedish translation of the Pentateuch, with a specific focus on the comments that appear throughout the translation in order to clarify characteristics of the intended audience of the text, its model reader. The analysis demonstrates that there are examples of comments aligning with all four levels of biblical exegesis (historical, moral, typological, and anagogical), but there are also others that are oriented towards taking responsibility for the conclusions the reader may draw from various events. The anticipated reader could be described as a fairly independent reader who could undertake an independent and critical reading of morally and legally problematic passages in the biblical text. In conclusion, deliberations are made about where the actual, empirical readers might have been found, and it is argued that the nobility around King Magnus Eriksson is a likely intended recipient group.

  • 417.
    Pettersson, Jonatan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Scandinavian Languages. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    The Relation between Gotfred of Ghemen's two editions of Flores og Blanseflor2023In: Från Skånske lov till Vasabrev: Stockholmsstudier i östnordisk filologi / [ed] Ingela Hedström; Jonatan Pettersson, Odense: Syddansk Universitetsforlag, 2023, p. 55-80Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Danish verse tale Flores og Blanseflor was printed in Copenhagen twice by the printer Gotfred of Ghemen in the first decade of the fifteenth century. One edition (LN 66) is not dated and only fragmentarily preserved, while the other (LN 67) was printed 1509 and remains in one complete copy. It has been suggested that the 1509 edition was based on the text of the fragment edition. In the article the relation between the two is investigated in detail, and the conclusion is that it is very unlikely that the 1509 edition was a reprint based on the fragment. Instead, both seem to be independently worked out from the same manuscript source. The redactional work in each edition seems to have a different character: the redactor of the fragment edition has exchanged some words in the original for others that are closely related semantically, while the 1509 edition redactor has made changes that affect how characters’ perspectives are expressed and to some extent soften the conflicts between the protagonists.

  • 418. Pinto Costa, Paula
    et al.
    de Fonseca, Luís Adão
    Jensen, Kurt Villads
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Pimenta, Cristina
    Military Orders Between Territorialization and Periphery from the 12th to the 16th Century: A comparative perspective on Portugal and Denmark2016In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 141-159Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Military orders have historically played a key role in defining borders, both in a mental sense, by favouring an awareness of alterity in the most peripheral territories (Christians against Muslims and Christians against Pagans), and also in more direct ways, as owners of land in these territories. This article1 discusses both the influence, in the broadest sense, of territory and periphery upon the medieval military orders, and the relationship between the crown and the military orders. It will be done through a comparative historical analysis of two cases: Portugal and Denmark in the 12th–16th centuries. Both countries were placed at the periphery of the Western world in the Middle Ages, and they were both active agents in the Crusading movement.

  • 419. Salonen, Kirsi
    et al.
    Hägglund, Anna-StinaGejrot, ClaesStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Scandinavia and the Vatican Archives: Papers from a conference in Stockholm 14-15 October 20162022Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 420. Salonen, Kirsi
    et al.
    Jensen, Kurt Villads
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Om hor og andre åndelige sager, i Aarhus2018In: Religion som forklaring? kirke og religion i stat og samfund: Festskrift til Per Ingesman / [ed] Nina Javette Koefoed, Bo Kristian Holm, Sasja Emilie Mathiasen Stopa, Aarhus: Aarhus Universitetsforlag, 2018, p. 107-123Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 421. Salonen, Kirsi
    et al.
    Jensen, Kurt Villads
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Scandinavia in the Middle Ages 900–1550: Between Two Oceans2023Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scandinavia went through momentous changes throughout the Middle Ages, emerging out of the Viking and Norse age towards 'Christianization'. Alongside this came social, economic and cultural changes which completely transformed the region into the kingdoms which existed in the Early Modern Period. Scandinavia in the Middle Ages covers the entire Middle Ages and integrates all areas of Scandinavia political, religious, cultural and social history into a coherent analysis. Within the broader narrative the historiography of the period and specific topics such as Norse literature, runes and neglected topics such as minorities, like the Sami and Jews, are discussed. Each chapter includes numerous textboxes, which explore central themes, persons and events in greater detail, ensuring students can quickly gauge the key information. The book is divided into three chronological parts 900-1200, 1200-1400 and 1400-1550, which guides the reader through the period in easily digestible sections. This book is essential reading for students of, as well as all those interested in, medieval Scandinavia and Europe more broadly.

  • 422.
    Searby, Denis Michael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    En kort introduktion till Heliga Birgittas Uppenbarelser2022Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den heliga Birgitta (1303-1373) är den mest kända svenskan genom tiderna. Samlingen av hennes "himmelska Uppenbarelser" (Revelaciones caelestes) är en svensk klassiker. Förutom att den har lockat läsare i hela världen under mer än 600 år har den också en alldeles särskild verkningshistoria genom den klosterorden som Birgitta grundade och som än i dag verkar i många länder. Samtidigt är de ca 700 uppenbarelserna inte lätta att  tolka och förstå. Inte heller upphovskvinnan är någon lätt nöt att knäcka, då de många biografier som finns om henne ger förvirrande och olika intryck av hennes person. Denna bok vill på ett pedagogiskt sätt introducera Uppenbarelserna för en bredare svensk publik - som säkert hört talas om Birgitta och hennes skrifter men inte vet vad de innehåller eller känner till deras receptionshistoria i dåtid och nutid. Bokens syfte är att på ett begripligt och tillgängligt sätt presentera den heliga Birgittas "himmelska Uppenbarelser" utifrån de medeltida dokument som bevarats och de utgåvor på latin och svenska som utkommit.

  • 423.
    Searby, Denis Michael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    TOPPLING THE STATUES OF FAVORINUS AND DEMETRIUS OF PHALERUM2023In: Classical Quarterly, ISSN 0009-8388, E-ISSN 1471-6844, Vol. 73, no 1, p. 356-361Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Corinthian Speech (Corinthiaca) in the corpus of Dio Chrysostom (Or. 31) isattributed to Favorinus (c.80–160) based on internal criteria of content and style. Thisarticle argues that a reference to an author of a Corinthian speech found in a collectionof sayings in codex Vaticanus Graecus 1144 is a unique external reference to Favorinus asauthor of this speech.

  • 424.
    Thungren Lindbärg, Jonas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages, Classical Languages.
    "Den store bland kejsare, Symeon": Om maktanspråk i Bysans och Bulgarien under tidigt 900-tal2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 425.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Aristotle’s heroic virtue and medieval theories of monarchy2015In: Shaping heroic virtue: studies in the art and politics of supereminence in Europe and Scandinavia / [ed] Stefano Fogelberg Rota, Andreas Hellerstedt, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2015, p. 55-66Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 426.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Blockmans, W., Holenstein, A., & Mathieu, J. (eds.), Empowering Interactions: Political Cultures and the Emergence of the State in Europe 1300 – 19002011In: Zeitschrift für historische Forschung, ISSN 0340-0174, E-ISSN 1865-5599, Vol. 1Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 427.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Finnen, svensken och Irlands uppror2016In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 26 marsArticle, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 428.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Induced by the devil? Christian I and the privilegium canonis2014In: Constitutionalism before 1789: Constitutional arrangements from the High Middle Ages to the French revolution / [ed] Jørn Øyrehagen Sunde, Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 429.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    John Barbour's scholastic discourse on thraldom2015In: Barbour's Bruce and its cultural context: politics, chivalry and literature in late medieval Scotland / [ed] Steve Boardman, Susan Foran, Cambridge: Boydell & Brewer, 2015, p. 149-162Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 430.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    John Watts, The Making of Polities: Europe 1250—15002011In: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, E-ISSN 2002-4827, Vol. 1Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 431.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Kungens biktfader – andlig vägledning och politisk rådgivning vid senmedeltidens hov2012In: Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift, ISSN 0085-2619, Vol. 112, p. 49-59Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Royal Confessor: Pastoral care and Political counsel at the Late Medieval Swedish Court

    Authors of medieval political thought were more concerned with the personal qualities of the prince than with political institutions. They wrote more about his virtues than about his role in parlia- ment. This article examines the sacrament of penance as one of the didactic means by which such norms were communicated to the prince. The royal confessor was the crucial link in this transfer, and this article traces his appearance at the late medieval Swedish court and also discusses the confessional manuals that were produced to help him interrogate his royal confessant. The Swedish court is relatively unexplored as a locus of devotion and little is known about its clerical personnel. This article presents the appearance of the papally-sanctioned royal confessor, in the reign of Magnus Eriksson in 1347, and offers a brief discussion of the careers of a number of later incumbents of this office, suggesting that the post of royal confessor was a likely path to a bishopric. The main part of the article is a scrutiny of manuals for confessors and penitents, which elucidates the political norms communicated through the pastoral care of the confessors. At the centre of this discussion is a Swedish instruction for royal devotion – Fjorton råd om et gudelikt leverne (c.1457), compiled by the Vadstena abbess, Ingeborg Gerhardsotter, for King Christian I – and a popular Latin manual for confessors that included a specific interrogatory for temporal lords, the Defecerunt of St Antoninus of Florence (print 1499). What, according to these texts, were the particular spiritual dangers of holding power? And did the confessor examine the policies of the king? The Defecerunt provides didactic examples that demonstrate how princes sin in their exercise of central governmental concerns, such as jurisdic- tion, warfare, relations to the church, taxation and usurpation. Ideally, if administered in accordance with the advice in the Defecerunt and similar manuals, the sacrament of penance would not only benefit the spiritual wellbeing of the king, but also instill a set of constitutional standards. 

  • 432.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Political thought and political myth in late medieval national histories: Rodrigo Sánchez de Arévalo (†1470)2013In: The Medieval Chronicle, ISSN 1567-2336, E-ISSN 1879-5927, Vol. 8, p. 273-288Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By the end of the fifteenth century, most European realms had created their national pedigrees in the form of written histories. The result often took the form of schematic pre-histories or ethno-historical origin myths, with original heroes who are as eponymous as they are historically implausible. But the last medieval century was also a time of constitutional experimentation, debate and consolidation, a process sometimes described as a development from a ‘crisis of monarchy’ to its ‘triumph’. This article explores the role of the national-historical writing in such debates of constitutional ideals and suggests that their naïve representations of political origins might be better understood in the context of learned political speculation.

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  • 433.
    Tjällén, Biörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    "The Spiritual and Temporal Office of the King": Confessional Anxieties in the Seventeenth-Century Editions of the Chronica regni Gothorum2008In: Hortvs troporvm : florilegivm in honorem Gvnillae Iversen: Festschrift in honour of Professor Gunilla Iversen on the occasion of her retirement as Chair of Latin at Stockholm University / [ed] Erika Kihlman & Alexander André, Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2008, p. 315-323Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 434. Varberg, Jeanette
    et al.
    Jensen, Kurt Villads
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Historien om Danmark: Oldtid og middelalder2017Book (Other academic)
  • 435.
    Wåghäll Nivre, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Baltic Languages, Finnish and German.
    Eckart, Maren
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Narrating Life: Early Modern Accounts of the Life of Queen Christina of Sweden (162-1689)2010In: Cultural Ways of Worldmaking: Media and Narratives / [ed] Vera Nünning, Ansgar Nünning, Birgit Neumann, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter , 2010, p. 307-328Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 436. Yang, Bao
    et al.
    He, Minhui
    Yang, Liu
    Wang, Feng
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Bolin Centre for Climate Research (together with KTH & SMHI). Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study, Linneanum, Sweden.
    Pine Maximum Latewood Density in Semi-Arid Northern China Records Hydroclimate Rather Than Temperature2023In: Geophysical Research Letters, ISSN 0094-8276, E-ISSN 1944-8007, Vol. 50, no 13, article id e2023GL104362Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Long records of tree-ring maximum latewood density (MXD) measurements in conifers have been successfully employed to reconstruct summer temperature changes globally. Yet, the potential of MXD as a proxy in semi-arid, low-latitude regions for reconstructing either temperature or hydroclimate variability remains largely unexplored. Here, we developed a MXD data set of Chinese pine from semi-arid northern China, and investigated its sensitivity to different climate variables. We found that the annual self-calibrated Palmer Drought Severity Index from previous August to current July displays the strongest influence on the MXD variation. The entire MXD chronology (covering 1736-2020) is highly consistent with nearby tree-ring-based annual precipitation and drought reconstructions at decadal timescales, confirming a temporally stable hydroclimate signal in our MXD record. In particular, the rapid wetting trend during the 2010-2020 period is well captured by the MXD data. This novel study has wide implications for future use of tree-ring density data to reconstruct past climate changes globally.

  • 437.
    Zamore, Gustav
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    A peripheral heretic? An early fourteenth-century heresy trial from Sweden2020In: Historical Research, ISSN 0950-3471, E-ISSN 1468-2281, Vol. 93, no 262, p. 599-620Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the inquisition against Botulf, the only person known to have been executed for heresy in medieval Sweden. It analyses the tactics of evasion that Botulf employed to escape detection and apprehension by tapping into common conceptions of the Eucharist to gloss his dissent. Through a close reading of the sentence in its historical, cultural and liturgical context, the article argues that it not only records a unique case in medieval Sweden, but that it performs clerical and elite identities by drawing on biblical and liturgical topoi, as well as antiheretical rhetoric to depict Botulf as a ‘membrum diaboli’.

  • 438.
    Zamore, Gustav
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Bonaventure’s Thought Experiment: The Use of Synderesis in the Itinerarium mentis in Deum, the Ineffability Topos and Francis’s Stigmata2018In: Medieval Thought Experiments: Poetry, Hypothesis, and Experience in the European Middle Ages / [ed] Philip Knox, Jonathan Morton, Daniel Reeve, Turnhout: Brepols, 2018, p. 173-195Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 439.
    Åkestam, Mia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    I Felt Like Jumping for Joy: Smile and Laughter in Medieval Imagery2017In: Tears, Sighs and Laughter: Expressions of Emotions in the Middle Ages / [ed] Per Förnegård, Erika Kihlman, Mia Åkestam, Gunnel Engwall, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, 2017, p. 215-239Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Within a hundred years The Bjälbo- or the Folkungar-palace in Vadstena by the Lake Vättern, was built (c. 1250) and transformed from king Valdemars royal palace to the nuns´s convent in the Birgittine monastery (1360s). This paper deals with an era in Swedish history when a powerful nobility wanted to establish a courtly culture and connected to a broader European context in politics as well as in religious life. Birgitta Birgersdotter (1303–1373) was a part of, and a strong force in, this milieu. New attitudes towards smile and laughter ought to be an important factor in such a transformation. Sweden was peripheral  in relation to central cultural areas, but the ambitions to establish the aristocracy after a german/french model was taken very seriously in  13th century Sweden. This is also true for architecture and sculpture. The grand cathedrals of France, Germany and England were models and “the gothic smile” was an ideal outside the courts. By stressing the importance public spaces the paper shows how a visual culture, profane and religious, could be adopted in remote areas. The meeting with medieval faces is a challence not only for us contemporary wievers, but was also during the middle ages.

  • 440.
    Åkestam, Mia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Art History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Kihlman, Erika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages, Classical Languages. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Lire, comprendre et mémoriser l'Éthique à Nicomaque: le rapport texte-image dans ms. Stockholm, Kungl. bibl., Va 32009In: Regards sur la France du Moyen Âge: mélanges offerts à Gunnel Engwall à l'occasion de son départ à la retraite / [ed] Olle Ferm, Per Förnegård, Stockholm: Sällskapet Runica et Mediaevalia , 2009, p. 111-153Chapter in book (Other academic)
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