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  • 451.
    Degerman, Melinda
    Stockholm University. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Center for Gender Studies.
    Maskuliniteter i The O.C. : En textanalytisk studie av maskuliniteter i teveserien The O.C. 2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the popular cultural form of television within the field of gender studies. The study focuses on the representation of masculinities in the American television series The O.C. This is done by using textual analysis to gain information from the first and the second season of The O.C. The theoretical framework used is based on Judith Butler and R.W. Connell. The result of the study is that The O.C. can be said to show that alternative masculinities are less worthy and lower in the hierarchy. Another result is that the series is heteronormative.

  • 452.
    Delin, Valram
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Studie av målgruppen män 25-40 med fokus på deras sociala medievanor.: - via halvstrukturerade kvalitativa informantintervjuer.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of this essay is the target audience consisting of males in the ages of 25-40 living inStockholm with academic background. The main subject is to describe the target audience in awider perspective and to look at their social media habits and see if there are any differencesbetween the younger and older half of the target audience and to compare the results with theoryabout generation x and y. The split of the target group is made in the middle of the target age rangeso the two subgroups consists of informants in the age of 25-32 and 33-40. The study will beconducted through semistructured qualitative interviews. The aim of the study is to see if there areany differences in social media habits and some basic values between the two subgroups.

  • 453.
    Dellmuth, Lisa M.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    Bloodgood, Elizabeth A.
    Advocacy group effects in global governance: Populations, strategies, and political opportunity structures2019In: Interest Groups & Advocacy, ISSN 2047-7414, E-ISSN 2047-7422, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 255-269Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Global governance is no longer a matter of state cooperation or bureaucratic politics. Since the end of the cold war, advocacy groups have proliferated and enjoyed increasing access to global governance institutions such as the European Union, World Trade Organization, and the United Nations climate conferences. This special issue seeks to push theories of interest groups and international non-governmental organizations forward. We argue that the advocacy group effects on global governance institutions are best understood by examining how groups use and shape domestic and global political opportunity structures. The individual articles examine how, when, and why domestic and global political opportunity structures shape advocacy group effects in global governance, across global institutions, levels of government, advocacy organizations, issue areas, and over time. As special interests are becoming increasingly involved in global governance, we need to better understand how advocacy organizations may impact global public goods provision.

  • 454.
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    Legitimacy has risks and benefits for effective international marine management2019In: Predicting Future Oceans: Sustainability of Ocean and Human Systems Amidst Global Environmental Change / [ed] Andrés M. Cisneros-Montemayor, William W.L. Cheung, Yoshitaka Ota, Elsevier, 2019, p. 437-451Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability scientists have long studied what drives effective marine management. This chapter provides an assessment of a largely understudied factor that can alleviate compliance problems in marine management: the legitimacy of marine institutions, defined as stakeholder beliefs in the appropriate use of power by these institutions. This chapter describes the legitimacy of 19 international institutions dealing with marine issues, including the Arctic Council, European Union, and United Nations Environment, in the eyes of different types of stakeholders. The chapter then discusses how challenges arising from these legitimacy patterns could be managed to effectively address compliance problems. Insights from political science help understand that legitimacy can contribute to compliance among stakeholders, but that increased legitimacy may also entail the risk of declining public scrutiny and interest group capture. Based on this assessment, the chapter outlines a research agenda on legitimacy and effectiveness for sustainability scholars.

  • 455.
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    Schlipphak, Bernd
    Legitimacy beliefs towards global governance institutions: a research agenda2019In: Journal of European Public Policy, ISSN 1350-1763, E-ISSN 1466-4429Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Legitimacy is central to the functioning of global governance institutions (GGIs) such as the European Union (EU) and the United Nations. There is a vibrant debate about legitimacy in International Relations, and a burgeoning literature in comparative politics on public attitudes towards the EU. Yet, these literatures rarely speak to each other, which has resulted in missed opportunities for theoretical advancements on the sources and consequences of citizens’ legitimacy beliefs vis-à-vis GGIs. To assist researchers in advancing on this state of the art, this research note develops a conceptualization of popular legitimacy as a multidimensional belief system including both moral convictions and self-interest. A statistical analysis of public attitudes towards the EU from 1973 to 2012 suggests that commonly used survey measures capture self-interest rather than moral beliefs. This note concludes by suggesting a research agenda intended to push theory and survey research on legitimacy beliefs towards GGIs forward.

  • 456.
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    Scholte, Jan Aart
    Tallberg, Jonas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Institutional sources of legitimacy for international organisations: Beyond procedure versus performance2019In: Review of International Studies, ISSN 0260-2105, E-ISSN 1469-9044, Vol. 45, no 4, p. 627-646Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses a significant gap in the literature on legitimacy in global governance, exploring whether, in what ways, and to what extent institutional qualities of international organisations (IOs) matter for popular legitimacy beliefs towards these bodies. The study assesses the causal significance of procedure and performance as sources of legitimacy, unpacks these dimensions into specific institutional qualities, and offers a comparative analysis across IOs in three issue areas of global governance. Theoretically, the article disaggregates institutional sources of legitimacy to consider democratic, technocratic, and fair qualities of procedure and performance. Empirically, it examines the effects of these institutional qualities through a population-based survey experiment in four countries in different world regions with respect to IOs in economic, security, and climate governance. The findings demonstrate that both procedure- and performance-related aspects of IO policymaking matter for popular legitimacy beliefs. This result holds across democratic, technocratic, and fair qualities of IO procedure and performance. Disaggregating the results by issue area indicates that a broader scope of institutional qualities are important for legitimacy beliefs in economic governance compared to security governance and, especially, climate governance. These findings suggest that propositions to reduce the institutional sources of IO legitimacy to single specific qualities would be misguided.

  • 457. Di Milia, Lee
    et al.
    Rogers, Naomi L.
    Åkerstedt, Torbjorn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Sleepiness, long distance commuting and night work as predictors of driving performance2012In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 7, no 9, p. e45856-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have examined the effect of working night shift and long distance commuting. We examined the association between several sleep related and demographic variables, commuting distance, night work and use of mobile phones on driving performance. We used a prospective design to recruit participants and conducted a telephone survey (n = 649). The survey collected demographic and journey details, work and sleep history and driving performance concerning the day the participant was recruited. Participants also completed the Karolinska Sleepiness Scale and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale. Night workers reported significantly more sleepiness, shorter sleep duration and commuting longer distances. Seven variables were significant predictors of lane crossing. The strongest predictor was acute sleepiness (OR = 5.25, CI, 1.42-19.49, p < 0.01) followed by driving >= 150 kms (OR = 3.61, CI, 1.66-7.81, p < 0.001), obtaining less than 10 hours sleep in the previous 48 hours (OR = 2.58, CI, 1.03-6.46, p < 0.05), driving after night shift (OR = 2.19, CI, 1.24-3.88, p < 0.001), being <43 years old (OR = 1.95, CI, 1.11-3.41, p < 0.05) and using mobile phones during the journey (OR = 1.90, CI, 1.10-3.27, p < 0.05). Sleep related variables, long-distance commuting and night work have a major impact on lane crossing. Several interventions should be considered to reduce the level of sleepiness in night workers.

  • 458.
    Dilasser, Quentin
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Is gear-based management of herbivorous fish a viable tool to prevent or reverse phase shifts in coral reefs?: Linking resilience theory to practice2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Herbivorous reef fish are a key functional group for the ecological resilience of coral reefs. Asthey feed on algae, a major resource competitor of coral polyps, they can prevent and reversecoral-macroalgal phase shifts. The resilience of the reefs against such phase shifts is given bythe ability of herbivores to keep the system in a cropped state from filamentous algae or bytheir capacity to feed on macroalgae. Most of the management plans that aim to protect coralreefs have been focusing on the establishment of marine protected areas or no-take areas wherefishing activities are strictly restricted or prohibited. In low-income countries, such managedareas can be difficult to accept from a fisher´s perspective and lack of money also tends to leadto limited surveillance capabilities and lowered compliance. These challenges are important toaddress when managing small-scale fisheries and where fish are considered as both, amarketable commodity and a subsistence good.A perhaps less contentious strategy for fishers is gear-based management, where the use offishing gears that are detrimental to coral reef resilience are restricted and at the same timegears that do not compromise resilience are promoted. This study aims to investigate how ninedifferent fishing gears (i.e. different lines, traps, nets and spears) used in the coral reef fisheriesof Zanzibar (Tanzania) capture herbivorous reef fish that can prevent (preventers) or reverse(reversers) coral-macroalgal phase shifts. Two interesting findings emerged from the study.First, different fishing gears had different impacts on these two functional groups where lines,large traps and seine nets fisheries had most impacts. Second, there were monsoonaldifferences in the catch of preventers and reversers. These findings are discussed in relation toi) similar studies conducted in different reef environments and ii) the feasibility of gear-basedmanagement in Zanzibar.

  • 459. Dimitrakaki, Angela
    et al.
    Perry, Lara
    Kivimaa, Katrin
    Noack, Ruth
    Proctor, Nancy
    Sjöholm Skrubbe, Jessica
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Art History.
    Steorn, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, Fashion Studies.
    Uhlyarik, Georgiana
    Constant Redistribution: A Roundtable on Feminism, Art and the Curatorial Field2013In: Journal of Curatorial Studies, ISSN 2045-5836, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 218-241Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This discussion between nine curators, theorists and art historians addresses some of the contemporary issues related to feminism and curating. Topics include the role of the geographical and geopolitical in curatorial projects; the place of canons and canon-making in feminist approaches; the nature of contemporary feminist collectivities; the importance of the museum and its context of capitalism within politicized curatorial practice; and the status of the object and aesthetics in feminist-oriented curatorial practice.

  • 460.
    Dingu-Kyrklund, Elena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Citizenship, Migration, and Social Integration in Sweden: A Model for Europe?2007In: CERIS Working Paper No.52, January 2007, Toronto, Canada., no 52, p. 73-Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Transnational migration has been a constant element of human existence. Admission and

    integration of migrants has, in time, become an increasingly important element of decision-making

    policies in many nations. Classifications of voluntary and involuntary migrants according to their

    reasons for migrating and the socio-economic and political reasons for the acceptance of such

    individuals by the receiving countries have been the object of numerous national and international

    pieces of legislation. This has served to underscore the importance of belonging for all parties

    involved: both migrants (more or less welcome in their adoptive countries) and states alike. In a

    formal sense, the ultimate signal of unlimited acceptance remains the granting of citizenship by

    his/her new country to the “adoptee-resident.” Only citizens normally enjoy an unconditional right

    to live and reside without restrictions in a given country. Traditionally, this ultimate form of

    acceptance was (mutually) exclusive, which, for a long time, made it practically impossible for a

    person to be a citizen of more than one state. Gradual globalization and an unprecedented

    development of the very concept of citizenship, from a horizontal, national perspective to an

    emerging vertical, supra-national level (consider, for example, the concept of EU-citizenship and

    the special case of the Nordic states), required, at some point, a redefinition and re-evaluation of the

    concept of citizenship, in both formal legal and more informal terms. This paper examines this

    redefinition and re-evaluation within the context of Sweden.

  • 461.
    Dingu-Kyrklund, Elena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Migration and Recognition of Diplomas in Sweden2005In: European Journal of Education, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 123-140Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Trans-national migration is now a global phenomenon, affecting an increasing amount of persons, many of whom have already completed a form of higher education in their country of origin or earlier residence at the time of migration. There is consequently a need to evaluate foreign degrees and assess migrants’ professional competence beyond their initial borders. Recognition of diplomas against the background of the integration process is the core of this article. Combining considerations regarding migration and integration of highly educated international migrants on the labour market of their target countries with a closer perspective on the process of validation of foreign higher education and professional competence in Sweden, the article treats this topic as a European example of the development of an issue of increasing importance in years to come.

  • 462.
    Dingu-Kyrklund, Elena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Nationality and the child: children’s right to citizenship - the Swedish case2004In: The 3rd European Conference on Nationality “Nationality and the Child” 11-12 October 2004, 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The right to citizenship is an important right that every child should enjoy. In a general discussion on nationality, acquisition and loss of citizenship, the rights of the child against the background of extensive international migration, the article argues about the multiple aspects embedded in the citizenship concept and its practical content, presenting the legal status quo in the matter in the Swedish context.

  • 463.
    Dirnhofer, Mioara
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Education in Arts and Professions.
    Kranz, Vanja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Education in Arts and Professions.
    Skolgården som lek- och utvecklingsmiljö: The school playground – a place for play and development2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Stadsbarn har idag på grund av trafik och andra hot en begränsad utomhusarena att vistas på. Skolgårdar fyller därför en viktig funktion och det är viktigt att dess utformning gynnar alla barns behov av aktiviteter och utveckling. Syftet med detta arbete var att ta reda på vilken roll skolgårdens utformning har för elevernas val av aktiviteter. Undersökningen gjordes delvis ur ett genusperspektiv. Frågeställningarna under arbetets gång var: Hur ser skolgårdsmiljön ut? Hur utnyttjar eleverna skolgårdsmiljön i sina aktiviteter? Vilka aktiviteter ägnar sig eleverna åt på skolgården? Finns det platser och aktiviteter på skolgården som är genusfria/ genusbundna? Som teoretisk ram valde vi att utgå främst från Lev S Vygotskijs utvecklingspsykologiska teori där leken lyfts fram som en källa till utveckling samt Johan Asplunds forskning kring miljö och platsidentitet. Undersökningarna baserades på direkta observationer av skolgårdsmiljön och elevernas aktiviteter, samt kvalitativa intervjuer med elever och pedagoger för att ta reda på deras perspektiv kring skolgårdens utformning. Arbetet var avgränsat till en jämförelse mellan två olika skolgårdar i Stockholms innerstad. Barnen som deltog i undersökningen var från årskurs ett till årskurs tre på båda skolorna. Resultatet visade att skolgårdens miljö både kan gynna och begränsa barn i sina val av platser och aktiviteter. Små rum med naturinslag bidrar till att miljön är tolkningsbar på olika sätt, barnen får inspiration och öppnar upp sin tankevärld. Skolträdgården, med många rörliga naturinslag som växter, vatten och stubbar, uppmuntrar barns kreativa förmåga och fantasi. Skolträdgården är en plats som innehåller upplevelsemässiga aspekter. Asfaltsytan på skolgården är ett bra underlag för både bollspel och många andra regellekar. Aktiviteter på skolgården äger rum oavsett hur miljön ser ut. Barn har ett behov av att röra på sig samt utvecklas motoriskt, kognitivt och socialt genom valet av olika lekar och aktiviteter. Vår studie visade att traditionella könsroller kan suddas ut genom att pedagogerna uppmuntrar aktiviteter som bryter mot tidigare föreställningar kring manligt och kvinnligt. Pedagogerna har en viktig roll som goda och inspirerande förebilder. Den viktigaste slutsatsen i studien var att en rik miljö bidrar till mer inspiration i valet av aktiviteter än om miljön är torftig. Om alla platser på en skolgård känns trygga och om det finns en variationsrik miljö med mycket naturinslag så skapas stora förutsättningar för att aktiviteter och lust äger rum på precis hela skolgården.

  • 464.
    Djukic, Sandra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Tvångsmedel är något av det mest ingripande vi håller på med: En intervjustudie om restriktionerna på svenska häkten2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 465.
    Dobo, Avital
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Illegal Chinese Fishing in West African Waters: A study on Chinese IUU Activities and its Consequences to Socio-Ecological Systems2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    West African fisheries, considered as one of the most productive in the world, have been subjected to stress by distant fishing fleets since the 1950’s. The introduction of Exclusive Economic Zones by the United Nations in the 1970’s made it possible for these fleets to fish only under fishing agreements signed with a hosting land, provided that they will harvest the surplus left by the local fishing fleet. In the last two decades, China has emerged as an important fishing nation in West Africa. Although there is clear evidence that Chinese vessels operate in the area, information on Chinese fishing agreements with West African countries is often missing. The implications on local fisheries are considerable. Lack of data regarding fish landings in the region may result in an increase of unsustainable fishing. The results of this study show considerable involvement of Chinese fishing vessels in illegal fishing in West Africa. In addition to the substantial loss of revenues to local nations, the negative impacts of illegal fishing on the marine ecosystem are likely to affect human populations that rely on these ecosystems. As the vulnerability of these people, many of them living in poor rural communities, is already high, unsustainable fisheries and a potential shift in the state of the marine ecosystem is likely to worsen their situation even more. Most West African countries lack capital resources to invest in monitoring, control and surveillance authorities, making illegal fishing relatively effortless. A better capacity to deter this type of activities is likely to have a significant improvement on West African fisheries. In addition, Chinese authorities, committed to the United Nations Law of the Sea, have the responsibility to take action against Chinese vessels that perform illegal activities in other parts of the world. A decrease in Chinese illegal fishing activities in West Africa, assessed to be considerable based on the studies’ results, will improve the possibility for achieving sustainable fisheries in the region.

  • 466. Dolles, Harald
    et al.
    Söderman, Sten
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School. Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Outlook: sport and business - a future research agenda2013In: Handbook of research on sport and business / [ed] Söderman, S; Dolles, H, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013, p. 548-563Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 467. Dolles, Harald
    et al.
    Söderman, Sten
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.
    The network of value captures in football club management: a framework to develop and analyse competitive advantage in professional team sports2013In: Handbook of research on sport and business / [ed] Söderman, S; Dolles, H, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013, p. 367-395Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 468.
    Dolva, Christiane
    Stockholm University, interfaculty units, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Green Public Procurement (GPP): How widespread is Green Public Procurement in Norway, and what factors are seen as drivers and barriers to a greener procurement practice?2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The public sector in Norway purchases products and services for more then 300 billion NOK per year.

    This purchasing power can play an important role in leveraging the market share of environmentally

    sound products by increasing the level of environmental requirements in public contracts.

    Environmental considerations in public procurement have been on the international agenda since

    the 1992 conference in Rio, and the OECD, the EU and the Nordic Council of Ministers have also

    placed Green Public Procurement (GPP) on their agendas. Together with statements from the 2002

    World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, they all underline GPP as a tool for

    making a shift to more sustainable production and consumption practices.

    In Norway, the Government launched a Norwegian Action Plan on Environmental and Social

    Responsibility in Public Procurement in 2007. The aim of the plan was to encourage the public sector

    to demand environmentally sound products and services. However, several previous studies that

    have assessed the status of GPP show that, despite efforts to promote environmental considerations,

    there is a long way to go before these are fully integrated into public procurement practice

    The aim of this study was to produce information about how widespread the use of environmental

    criteria are in Norway, and to identify what drivers and barriers are seen to influence the GPP status.

    Based on experiences from other studies, the method design chosen was an analysis of tender

    documents complemented by case studies with interviews. Using both methods provided a way of

    balancing the results so as to get the most objective status scores on GPP together with more

    detailed answers on perceived drivers and barriers.

    The results revealed that almost 60% of all tender documents included some kind of environmental

    criteria, but 1/3 of these were so unclear that it was doubtful as to whether or not they would result

    in any green procurement. Of the product groups that were in focus, the one that included paper and

    print was by far the “greenest” of the groups, with the others both containing less GPP and more

    unclear criteria. Compared to other studies this puts Norway at the same level as Sweden, and shows

    a slight improvement in total GPP compared to previous assessments. Still, taking the high amount of

    unclear criteria into account may lower the overall GPP score.

    The interview results indicated that lack of knowledge, focus on economic considerations and

    product functionality, lack of support and management focus and work pressure were the five main

    barriers preventing GPP. Increased co-operation, increased focus from management, simplification of

    criteria and more available products with environmental labels were identified as drivers. The drivers

    and barriers identified correspond to those of previous studies, with some new finding such as

    identifying the lack of product specific knowledge, where previous studies have focused more on lack

    of procurement knowledge.

    The findings are all important when it comes to working out a strategy to follow up the Norwegian

    Action Plan. They give information about the needs identified by the procurement officers

    themselves, thus giving an indication of what initiatives to prioritise.

  • 469. Doughty, Karolina
    et al.
    Lagerqvist, Maja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    The ethical potential of sound in public space: Migrant pan flute music and its potential to create moments of conviviality in a 'failed' public square2016In: Emotion, Space and Society, ISSN 1755-4586, E-ISSN 1878-0040, Vol. 20, p. 58-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we examine the notion that music in public space could be understood in terms of ethical potential, where new sensibilities for thinking, feeling, seeing and being with others might be imagined and practiced. We do this by considering how musical performances by migrants impact on inclusive forms of place (re-)making, affective enactments of public space and emotional accounts of belonging and 'the other'. The paper draws on an ethnographic exploration of South American pan flute musicians, performing music at Sergels torg, a central square in Stockholm, Sweden. Through fieldwork with a combination of qualitative techniques, including observation, interviews and sensory methods such as photography, video and recorded 'sound walks' we trace the affective aspects of encounters with busking and the impact of music on place. We highlight the ethical potential of music in the experience of urban moments and its capacity to reconfigure space. We find that encounters with sound can produce new spaces of conviviality and inclusion; it can soothe, animate and soften urban spaces. However, a positive encounter with difference through sound depends on a favourable social, physical and temporal context, and because busking serves to make marginalised voices heard (both literally and metaphorically), it can be experienced as troubling for precisely this reason. Thus, we need to take into account the full complexity of the dynamics between sound and place, in considering this relationship as a novel window to the ethical potential of the urban encounter.

  • 470.
    Dreijer, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    The complex evolution of Japan's distant water fisheries: Exploring the evolution of Japan's distant water fisheries from 1950-20142018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fisheries are dynamic social-ecological systems shaped by the interplay of diverse political, economic, social and ecological factors. Recently, recognition has grown that fisheries are complex adaptive systems and warrant examination within a broader social-ecological context. While there has been a recent trend within fisheries science and management towards embracing more holistic approaches, research on global fisheries rarely addresses the complexities that shape large-scale fishing patterns. In this thesis I adopt a complex systems perspective with the ambition of understanding the complex and context-specific nature of global fishing by exploring the evolution of the Japanese distant water fishery (DWF). By combining investigation of global catch statistics with a review of associated primary, secondary and grey literature, I produce a narrative of how the Japanese DWF has expanded and contracted between 1950 and 2014, its geographical extent, and the factors that have contributed to these patterns. The results illustrate how complex and context-specific the DWF system is in the case of Japan. Using this in-depth study, I then address recent publications on global fisheries that use approaches that tend to minimise complexity through generalisations rather than seeking a deeper understanding of how this complexity shapes global fisheries. Finally, based on the exploratory findings of this thesis, I suggest that to better understand the complex dynamics inherent to global fisheries, further research informed by complexity thinking is needed on distant water fishing nations.

  • 471.
    Drury O'Neill, Elizabeth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Catching values of small-scale fisheries: A look at markets, trade relations and fisher behaviour2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores small-scale fisheries trade, markets and the accompanying relationships. It does so to understand how they contribute to human wellbeing and ecosystem health through fisher's behaviour in the marine environment. The capacity of small-scale fisheries to provide for fisherfolk and wider society is currently challenged by human induced ecological threats such as overexploitation and climate change. Small-scale fisheries are increasingly incorporated into the global trading system, which in part drive these ecological changes. At the same time these fisheries are important providers of food and livelihood security for millions of people worldwide. How to realise better fishery governance approaches and enactment is therefore paramount. This thesis attempts to address knowledge gaps in governance and research that centre around the market and actors within it- an area little included in governing fisheries. I draw on the value chain concept and use a mixed methods approach to address three gaps. First, the structure and functioning of small-scale fishery markets and relations. Second, how benefits are distributed in the market and affected by trade relations. Third, I examine how relations and benefit distributions influence fishing behaviour. Case studies are used throughout this thesis drawing on empirical work done in Zanzibar, Tanzania and Iloilo, Philippines. The role of global seafood markets is additionally recognised as a driver of change in all four papers of the thesis. Paper I shows that extending the value chain to combine economic and informal exchanges identifies a wider range of fishery-related sources for human wellbeing within seafood trade. It also highlights more marginal players. Paper II demonstrates how actor's abilities to access economic benefits are impacted by local gender roles and social relations. But these intersect with their value chain position and end-markets. In Paper III local norms appear to play a role in fishing behaviour, more so than market incentives. These dynamics are explored through behavioural economic experiments. Finally Paper IV examines how patronage can have contradictory influences for fisherfolk vulnerability and adaptability. It can also create tensions for overall system resilience when considered at different scales. Overall the thesis contributes to a better understanding of the local to global drivers and interactions in small-scale fisheries trade. The thesis also provides insights into some of the factors influencing the distribution of fishery-related benefits. These aspects have all been cited as vital for designing strategies for improving the wellbeing of people reliant on fisheries.

  • 472.
    Drury O'Neill, Elizabeth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Small-Scale Fisheries Governance: Broadening Perspectives on Markets, Relationships and Benefits in Seafood Trade2016Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This licentiate adresses the relative ambiguity surounding benefit flows from small-scale fisheries seafood trade with a specific focus on how they may be impacted by market and social stuctures. Small-scale fishery governenace has previously taken a narrowly approach to sustainability. Focused on managing fishing activities, economic-led market interventions and overlooking the embededness of the fishers within a broader social structure. Also failing to address fisheries as interlinked social-ecological systems where feedbacks between the two can impact future sustainability. The larger PhD project takes a step towards combining these two out-of-focus areas by taking a systems perspective, through a Value Chain approach, to fisheries governance, associated market influences and the consequent benefit flows from marine ecosystem services. This licentiate begins by unpacking dynamics within the social realm that may impact benefit flows and ultimately resource extraction decisions, potentially contributing to feedbacks from the marine ecosystem. Research uses mixed-methods and is case-orientated with sites across two tropical marine small-scale fisheries in Zanzibar and the Philippines. Results present two market environments with distinct structures, conduct, reciprocity systems and notably, gender roles. However both systems experience economic transactions underlain by broader social relations and binds. These various features manifest themselves in different, yet often unexpected, ways through income equalities, distributions and reciprocal networks of fishers and trading actors. Once a broadened and diversified view of the SSF trading environment is appropriated, it is clear that benefit flows are impacted by various contextual features (e.g. gender, transaction forms and buyer types). Governance-related research or interventions should incorporate undervalued local attributes such as cultural characteristics, social relationships and market participation as they play a role in who benefits from seafood trade. Thus If governance is to be improved for sustainably increasing food and livelihood security it is necessary to unpack these benefit flow mechanisms and, in particular, the local social dynamics that mediate fishers’ everyday interplay with the marine ecosystem. Future steps include the aim to identify potential social-ecological feedbacks between the disentangled market environments and the local marine ecosystems as a result of interactions in SSF trade. 

  • 473. du Prel, Jean-Baptist
    et al.
    Runeson-Broberg, Roma
    Westerholm, Peter
    Alfredsson, Lars
    Fahlén, Göran
    Knutsson, Anders
    Nordin, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Umeå University, Sweden.
    Peter, Richard
    Work overcommitment: Is it a trait or a state?2018In: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, ISSN 0340-0131, E-ISSN 1432-1246, Vol. 91, no 1, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Effort-reward imbalance (ERI) is a well-tested work-related stress model with three components, the two extrinsic components efforts and rewards and the one intrinsic component overcommitment. While an imbalance between efforts and rewards leads to strain reactions, work-related overcommitment (OC) has been described as a personal characteristic with a set of attitudes, behaviours, and emotions reflecting excessive striving combined with a strong desire for approval. However, the question whether OC is a personality trait or a response pattern sensitive to changes in the work context (state) is still open. 2940 Swedish industrial employees were included in this longitudinal analysis of the WOLF-Norrland data over 5 years. A change of OC index or its subscales were regressed against a change of freedom of choice at work, extra work, and ERI adjusted for age, sex, and education. While OC was insensitive to changes in freedom of choice at work and extra work, it was clearly associated with changes of work-related stress over time. Three of four OC subscales exhibited statistically significant associations with ERI. For the first time, we studied fundamental characteristics of OC as an independent personality variable (trait) or an outcome variable subject to changes in the work environment (state). The association between external ERI and OC over time supports our hypothesis of OC being a state. Further investigations are needed to establish OC as a trait or a state.

  • 474.
    Duit, Andreas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Hall, Ola
    KTH- Royal Institute of Technology.
    Mikusinski, Grzegorz
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Angelstam, Per
    Swedish University of Agricultural Science.
    Saving the Woodpeckers: Social Capital, Governance, and Policy Performance2009In: Journal of Environment and Development, ISSN 1070-4965, E-ISSN 1552-5465, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 42-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates if higher levels of social capital,better governance structures, and a more ambitious conservationpolicy are positively linked to the ability of states to addressbiodiversity loss. Serving this purpose is a data set containingestimates of woodpecker diversity in 20 European countries.These data are argued to be a more valid indicator of biodiversitythan most other available cross-national measures of environmentalquality. A seemingly unrelated regression analysis reveals thatnone of the indicators are linked to higher levels of woodpeckerdiversity, which in turn leads to the conclusion that presentinstitutions, environmental policies, and social structureshave negligible effects on biodiversity compared to long-termlandscape transformations.

  • 475. Dunca, E
    et al.
    Mutvei, H
    Göransson, P
    Mörth, C.M.
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Schone, R
    Whitehouse, J
    Elfman, M
    Baden, S.P.
    Using ocean quahog (Arctica islandica) shells to reconstruct palaeoenvironment in Öresund, Kattegat and Skagerrak, Sweden.2009In: International journal of earth sciences, ISSN 1437-3254, E-ISSN 1437-3262, Vol. 98, no 1, p. 3-17Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 476.
    Dunlavy, Andrea
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    Juárez, Sol
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    Rostila, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    The impact of migration background characteristics on the relationship between employment status and suicide: a longitudinal study of native- and foreign-origin persons in Sweden2018In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 28, p. 182-182Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Persons of foreign-origin have higher rates of unemployment than those of native-origin, yet few studies have explicitly assessed relationships between unemployment and mental health in persons of foreign-origin relative to those of native-origin. This study examines the extent to which generational status, region of origin, age at arrival, and duration of residence modify the relationship between employment status and suicide risk.

    Methods:

    Population-based registers were used to conduct a longitudinal, open cohort study of native-origin and foreign-origin Swedish residents of working age (25-64 years) from 1993-2008. Hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals for suicide mortality were estimated using gender-stratified Cox regression models.

    Results:

    Elevated hazard ratios for suicide were observed among the majority of foreign-origin persons exposed to unemployment. Second generation Swedish men exposed to unemployment demonstrated significantly greater (p < 0.05) excess risk of suicide (HR = 3.63, 95% CI: 2.90-4.54) than that observed among native-origin Swedish men exposed to unemployment (HR = 1.67, 95% CI: 1.29-2.16). In unemployed foreign-born men, younger age at arrival and longer duration of residence were associated with increased risk of suicide, whereas unemployed foreign-born men who arrived as adults and had a shorter duration of residence did not demonstrate excess suicide risk.

    Conclusions:

    Suicide risk in most foreign-origin groups exposed to unemployment was of a similar magnitude to that observed among their native-origin counterparts. Yet there were notable differences in patterns of association by generational status, region of origin, age at arrival, and duration of residence. The high excess risk observed in unemployed second generation men suggests that ensuring employment among this group may be of particular public health importance.

    Main messages:

    The mental health impact of unemployment varies by migration background characteristics.

    Unemployed second generation men had an elevated risk of suicide that was of a greater magnitude compared to the risk of suicide observed among unemployed native-origin men.

  • 477.
    Duvander, Ann-Zofie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Swedish Inspectorate Social Insurance, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Johansson, Mats
    Parental leave use for different fathers: a study of the impact of three Swedish parental leave reforms2015In: Fatherhood in the Nordic Welfare States: Comparing Care Policies and Practice / [ed] Guðný Björk Eydal, Tine Rostgaard, Bristol: Policy Press, 2015, p. 347-369Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 478.
    Duvander, Ann-Zofie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Mussino, Eleonora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Föräldraledig nu eller senare? Invandrade kvinnors användning av föräldrapenning2016In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 23, no 3-4, p. 259-282Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Parental leave now or later? Immigrant women’s use of parental leave benefit

    Sweden is a welfare state with a family policy that strongly emphasizes equality without distinction according to place of birth or gender. In this study, we investigate the di erences in uptake of parental leave between native and immigrant women, and the connection to labour-market attachment. Sweden represents a unique case study, not only because of the strong e ort to combine work and family for all women and men, the high level of fertility and the large presence of immigrants in the country; it also enables a detailed and sophisticated analysis based on the high-quality data derived from its population registers. We nd that immigrant mothers use more parental leave bene t the rst year after their child’s birth, but then fewer in the second year compared to native women. e di erences diminish when labour-market status is controlled for. Additionally, after some time in Sweden, immigrant mothers use leave more similarly to how native mothers do. We conclude that labour-market status is the most decisive factor for parental leave use and we point out the relationship between labour market and family policy. 

  • 479.
    Döös, Marianne
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Johansson, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Wilhelmson, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Organizational learning as waves of remaking a teeming activity: A middle managers' construction and breaking of structures2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ways in which organizations compete include abilities to develop competence, ways of working, and leadership. Issues of organizational learning (OL) come to the forefront. This paper aims to develop new conceptual understanding of OL. The study departs from and fills a gap in the theory of experiential learning within which a claim is made for analytical generalization. From an organizational pedagogical stance, organizational learning is reflected as waves of remaking a teeming activity. Ripples in the ongoing teeming activity are seen as foreboding signs of the wave to come. In conclusion, the contribution concerns the recognition of the teeming activity as being the learning entity where the OL process and its resulting content are situated.

  • 480.
    Ebert, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Axelsson, Leona
    Harbor, Jon
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography. Purdue University, USA.
    Opportunities and challenges for building alumni networks in Sweden: a case study of Stockholm University2015In: Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, ISSN 1360-080X, E-ISSN 1469-9508, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 252-262Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Because of the potential value of alumni involvement for student success, for connections to society and as a base for future philanthropy, there is growing interest in developing university alumni relations programmes in countries that do not have a long tradition in this area. This case study of Stockholm University describes the goals, strategies, barriers and successes of building an alumni programme in an environment that lacks a tradition of alumni relations and aims to provide perspectives and ideas that can help other universities worldwide with their work towards building alumni programmes that fit their cultural contexts and goals.

  • 481.
    Eckeskog, Hanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Education in Arts and Professions.
    Are we together?: A study about the integration of Art and Music within the education in Zambia2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The research had an anthropological perspective, regarding the integration of Art and Music in Zambia. By using qualitative interviews and participating observations I collected information about how some teachers in Zambia reflect about the integration of Art and Music. Through the theoretical framework I analyzed the results. The results demonstrated how the teachers were responding due to the curriculum and teacher’s guide but acting differently through the observations. The teacher’s role in Zambia is affected by the social status and of certain rules one must follow in order to behave correctly. Music and Dance are used as a result of their culture according to the teachers. The lack of financial resources seems to be one issue that explains why Arts education in form of creative material is not being used.

  • 482.
    Edenroth Cato, Fanny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Det högkänsliga subjektets tillblivelse: Diskursiva praktiker om identitet, förmåga och funktionsvariation2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation examines discursive practices about the highly sensitive person (HSP) from the perspective of knowledge production, categorization and community formation. In contemporary Sweden it has become increasingly common to talk about oneself in terms of being constituted in a particular way, e.g., as having a brain that functions differently than the average. The HSP often represents a person with exceptional capabilities and vulnerabilities, such as a sensitive nervous system and an empathetic disposition. The HSP discourse shares commonalities with the discourse of disability activism related to neuropsychiatric diagnoses. Namely, that by using specific discursive strategies, communities are being formed. The HSP community works to counteract the negative preconceived notions about high sensitivity, and bring to light the ignorance surrounding the needs of HSPs in society.

    This compilation thesis consists of a summarizing introduction and three articles. The empirical material covers posts from an online discussion forum for parents, and one aimed at young people, blogs composed by teenage girls, and children’s books written by different types of experts. These discursive arenas are analyzed with concepts from discursive psychology and poststructuralist theory. The results show how psychological and biomedical discourses are producing citizen subjects in relation to governing in specific social contexts. Within a Foucauldian tradition such forms of governance are termed biopolitics and biosociality.

    The first article examines how the HSP category is transforming notions of good motherhood. It suggests that mothers’ interaction in an online discussion forum reflects the intensive mothering norms of child-centered parenting. Mothers share their therapeutic narratives while highlighting the problems surrounding an incomprehensible social environment and the ordeals of having a guilty conscience. Through the prism of the highly sensitive child, however, motherhood acquires new anticipatory, considerate and susceptible norms, and strategies that constitute a highly sensitive parenting style.

    The second article studies how young people take different stances in discursive struggles concerning the HSP category online. The article illustrates how youths disclose the weaknesses and strengths of being highly sensitive, as well as objecting to norms of biosociality that are connected to the HSP. According to these findings young people are pioneering a new informed ethics of the self as they perform HSP subjectivity.

    The third article investigates children’s books that may be used as therapeutic tools aimed at informing and educating both adults and children about girls’ experiences of being HSPs, or of having a neuropsychiatric diagnosis. In these books dis/abilities are often transformed into exceptional capabilities. Through a process of identification, the girl protagonists may come to manage their behavior and emotions according to the premise of the diagnosis, thus, redefining their personhood as ideal citizen subjects.

    In conclusion, norms of biosociality and biopolitical governance regulate citizens to confess and assert their capabilities and dis/abilities, yet the discursive practices also reflect the construction of social problems and their potential solutions. Citizens appear to struggle to (re)define such problems in an identity political manner in order to (re)produce knowledge on their own terms.

  • 483.
    Edenroth Cato, Fanny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Kompetenta flickor med förmågor: Biopolitisk styrning i barnböcker om funktionsvariationerIn: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 484.
    Edenroth-Cato, Fanny
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Sjöblom, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Biosociality in online interactions: Youths’ positioning of the highly sensitive personIn: Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 485.
    Edin, Elisabet
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    “En jävla freakshow”: Representationer av maskulinitet i svensk wrestling2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to examine representations of masculinity in the activities of a local professional wrestling promotion. After briefly outlining what professional wrestling is, the study draws on a body on feminist and intersectional theory which critiques the notion of gender as a binary and essential category. The material comprises 10 recorded shows and oth- er material published on Sthlm Wrestling’s website between 2010 and 2013, and is analyzed using a qualitative methodology derived from cultural studies. The thesis argues that there are many different types of masculinities in the narrative, which are constructed in relation to different power hierarchies such as ethnicity, class, sex and sexuality. The few female wrestlers are marginalized, but not sexualized as in the U.S. context. The heels (rule-breakers) are found on the borders of social and cultural categories, and there is an explicit SM-narrative present. 

  • 486.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    A qualitative analysis of Pål Kraft2017In: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 196-197Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 487.
    Edman, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Blomqvist, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Jakten på den verksamma vården: Kunskapssträvanden och målsättningar inom den svenska missbrukarvården under ett sekel2011In: Narkotika. Om problem och politik / [ed] Börje Olsson, Stockholm: Norstedts Juridik , 2011, p. 101-137Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 488.
    Edsälv, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Skildring av revolution i en globaliserad medievärld2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka nyhetsrapportering i en globaliserad medievärld genom att jämföra hur parterna i en revolution skildras i två internationella tv-kanaler;amerikanska CNN International samt kinesiska, engelskspråkiga CCTV. Undersökningsmaterialetbaseras på artiklar publicerade på tv-kanalernas hemsidor. I undersökningen jämförs hur dessa tvåkanaler rapporterar om demonstrationerna i Egypten under januari- februari 2001 med Faircloughstredimensionella analysmetod kritisk diskursanalys (CDA). Med bakgrund av den valda händelsenär det intressant att titta på om framställningen kan skilja sig beroende på olika ideologisk grund och ägandestruktur men även likna varandra som en konsekvens av en globaliserad mediekultur.Uppsatsen är baserad på tre teorier; globaliseringsteori, nyhetsvärdering samt källornas makt.Globaliseringsteorin utgår från två skolor; kulturimperialism- västvärldens makt och inflytandeöver andra delar av världen samt hybridisering- teorin om att det globala blandas med det lokalaoch bildar något nytt. Nyhetsvärdering bygger på teorier om geografisk och kulturell närhet, elitkällor och elitnationer. Teorin om källornas makt tar upp agenda-setting samt att nationer gärna förlägger hot som något som kommer från den ”andra sidan”. Analysen visar på skillnader i diskurser hos de två kanalerna. Yttrandefrihet, demokrati ochsociala mediers makt är viktiga diskurser hos CNN. Likaså en individ- och familjediskurs där den civila situationen lyfts fram. Regimen ifrågasätts med en bitvis sarkastisk ton och amerikanska politiker och experter står för ”den goda sidan”. CCTV däremot har ett mer statsmaktsorienterat perspektiv. Politiker och myndigheter är centrala källor, de står för stabilitet och ifrågasätts sällan. De uppkomna demonstrationerna anklagas för att orsaka kaos och demonstranterna tycks tillhöra ”den andra sidan” då de framställs som bråkmakare. Som aktör på en global mediearena uppvisar CNN ett starkt amerikanskt perspektiv trots sina officiella avsikter att framhäva ett globalt perspektiv vilket kan tolkas som en imperialistisk grundsyn. CCTV uppvisar en diskursordning där det globala möter det lokala, detta tyder på en hybridisering. Samtidigt är CCTV måna om att hävda ett kinesiskt perspektiv enligt statsmaktensagenda, det kan tydas som en ansats till kinesisk imperialism som motvikt till den amerikanska.

  • 489.
    Eduards, Maud
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Talibantalet2012In: Könspolitiska nyckeltexter, 2: Från befolkningskris till talibantal 1930-2002 / [ed] Klara Arnberg, Fia Sundevall, David Tjeder, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2012, p. 258-262Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 490.
    Eduards, Maud
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    What Does a Bath Towel Have to Do with Security Policy?: Gender Trouble in the Swedish Armed Forces2012In: MAKING GENDER, MAKING WAR: VIOLENCE, MILITARY AND PEACEKEEPING PRACTICES / [ed] Kronsell, A; Svedberg, E, London: Routledge, 2012, Vol. 6, p. 51-62Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 491.
    Eduards, Maud
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Kronsell, Annica
    Lunds universitet.
    Konflikt och säkerhet2013In: Internationella relationer: könskritiska perspektiv / [ed] Paulina de los Reyes, Maud Eduards, Fia Sundevall, Stockholm: Liber, 2013, 1, p. 86-101Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 492.
    Eimer, Gerhard
    Stockholm University.
    Die Stadtplanung im schwedischen Ostseereich 1600-1715: mit Beiträgen zur Geschichte der Idealstadt1961Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Karlskrona nämns på ett flertal ställen bl.a. i kap. XIV Die Entwicklung der Planungen für Karlskrona s. 483-492, 500-509.

  • 493.
    Ek, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Maten på bordet, händerna i knäet.: En studie om pedagogers förhållningssätt vid matsituationer i förskolan.2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka pedagogers förhållningssätt gentemot barn vid matsituationen i förskolan. Data insamlades genom videoobservationer vid matsituationer i förskolan och genom samtal med observerade pedagoger utifrån dessa videofilmer. Detta analyserades sedan utifrån viss tidigare forskning samt valda begrepp. I mitt resultat fann jag att pedagogerna gav barnen ett visst ansvar inom matsituationen, vad det gäller till exempel matintag och i vissa fall val av placering. Pedagogerna sågs dock många gånger uppmuntra, uppmana och påminna barnen att äta av maten samt hade rätt att förändra placeringar de inte fann lämpliga. Pedagogerna eftersträvade att barnen skulle ha ett gott uppförande och bordsskick under matsituationen. Samspel och samtal var vidare någonting som ansågs vara viktigt. Utifrån resultatet drogs slutsatsen att pedagogernas förhållningssätt under matsituationen ibland var fostrande genom förmedlingspedagogik och i andra fall en fostran som en ömsesidig process, då barnen dels sågs som human becomings och dels som human beings. Pedagogerna gav barnen möjlighet till viss delaktighet och inflytande men kunde samtidigt begränsa detta genom ramar för matsituationen för att uppnå ett önskat beteende hos barnen. Ramarna ämnade socialisera barnen och visade på pedagogens makt. Makten tog sig form genom både osynlig och synlig styrning såsom avledande frågor, tillrättavisningar och bestraffningar. Detta berodde ofta på att pedagogens barnperspektiv gick före barnens perspektiv. Andra gånger kom det sig av ett vuxenperspektiv som kunde ses bero på strukturella aspekter, som fostransuppdraget i förskolans läroplan och förskolverksamhetens rutiner och tidsramar, likväl som pedagogens egen barnsyn och syn på socialisation. Studien visade på en komplex bild av pedagogers förhållningssätt under matsituationen.

  • 494.
    Ekerholm, Therese
    Stockholm University, interfaculty units, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Interdisciplinary Environmental Research (CTM).
    Framtida turisttrender och landsbygdsturism: en omvärldsanalys av Frölunda-Aspvik Säteris företagsidé2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Frölunda-Aspvik Säteri, a company just outside Stockholm within the agriculture and forestry sector, has developed a business idea around countryside tourism as a complement to their existing business. The idea is to offer a high quality and functional way of living in small cottages surrounded by beautiful nature and landscape of cultural importance. There will also be a range of additional activities available such as hunting, canoeing, cycling etc. The project should be done with minimum impact on the surrounding environment and the importance of the ecological system should be at the forefront of all business decisions. At present the company wants to have a better understanding of what the future trends are within tourism, how its business idea fits in with future trends within tourism and how to stay competitive.

    The purpose of this research paper is to identify the social driving forces that have an impact on people’s lifestyle and choice of holiday destination in the future, and present how these factors affect the travel industry. The result will then be used to evaluate the feasibility of Frölunda-Aspvik´s business idea around tourism.

    A literature study has been carried out and the result of that has then been used to evaluate the company´s business idea. The main future trends are that tourists will have higher expectations, be more quality conscious and expect greater diversification regarding how they spend their holiday. This leads to travellers becoming more sophisticated. The reason can be explained by a higher disposable income and levels of education, better health, increased experience of travel and that people’s needs and expectations become more heterogeneous and individual. Many prefer several but shorter vacations spread out over the year. Time efficiency will also be crucial where demand for a combination of holiday, relaxation and various types of activities will increase. The health aspect will become more important where spa- and health destinations will be favoured. Outdoor activities and nature experiences will increase in popularity but also tourist products that are more intellectual and creative. More people expect peace and quiet where the primary purpose of the holiday is to escape from everyday life. Concern for the environment will be more significant as will the search for a deeper meaning beyond material possessions where also authenticity emerges as a selection criterion regarding tourist products and destinations.

    The conclusion of the study is to further develop Frölunda-Aspvik Säteri’s intentions to benefit from future tourism by extending its activities to include holiday facilities to compliment its existing business. From the study, it is clear that the company will be able to fulfil some of the needs of what future tourists value most. However, the company should also take into consideration other external factors that have not been included in this report which are stemming from ecological, economical, political and technical origin. In some cases, particularly in a longer perspective, the impact of threats such as climate changes, increasing oil prices and downturn in the economy could imply more threats to company. These should be looked at in more detail if they decide to realise its business plan within tourism.

  • 495.
    Eklund, Julia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Den ojämställda försäkringen: Kvinnors upplevelser av föräldraledigheten2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The distribution of paid parental leave in Sweden today remains unequal despite several political reforms. In addition, previous research shows that this unequal distribution leads to negative health effects for the women who use the majority of the parental leave. The aim of this study is therefore to create an understanding of why women takes out the majority of the paid parental leave. Four interviews have been made with women who have done just that. By analyzing the material through feminist post-structuralism and queer theory, the women’s discursive understanding of their own situation is made visible. Three themes emerge: the first theme shows how an essentialist understanding of the woman is ruling despite the fact that the women on many occasions also demonstrate a constructivist understanding. The second theme highlights a discourse where the women are both expected to take out the majority of the parental leave while also being responsible for an equal distribution, which is impossible to fulfill. The last theme shows how two aspects are made invisible, first, the problems that arise due to an uneven distribution and, second, that an equal distribution of the parental leave is possible. These themes are understood as normalization processes and a way to maintain the power structure between the sexes.

  • 496.
    Elftorp, Petra
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Martis, Kari
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Vägar till sysselsättning: med Motivation, Erfarenheter och Nätverk i tanken2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe, interpret and analyse successful strategies used to obtain a job, when unemployed. Five persons have answered a short questionnaire and have been interviewed about their feelings, experiences, motivation and social network, all related to actions taken whilst searching for a job. The result was that a variety of actions were taken that brought them to finding a job, such as telling friends and other contacts that they are available for work, contacting potential employers and taking risks. Some actions were taken with the objective to find a job, and some were not. Experiences and the social network were found to play a big part and four different types of motivation were detected concerning finding a job. The hypothesis (that those who become unemployed and are successful in finding a new job (1) have a high Self-efficacy, (2) to a great extent take actions in accordance with Planned Happenstance Theory and lastly, (3) that they are mainly driven by an Intrinsic motivation) could not be fully verified on any account nor could it be completely falsified.

  • 497.
    Ellefson, Merja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    Governmentality and the Question of Origin - Pastoral Power and Processes of Inclusion and Exclusion2003Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to raise questions about possible links between nationalism, racism, Christian heritage and processes of inclusion and exclusion, and to explore the role of communication in these processes. I will first examine the problematic concepts of nation, state, nationalism, ethnie and race. My intention is to discuss different definitions and usages of these often-used concepts. A key aspect in the question of common ancestry is the nature-culture dichotomy, that is, to what extent the national character is the result of heredity (biology or nature), and to which extent it is molded by the social environment and upbringing (culture).Secondly, I will look into the different meanings of the adjective white and into the embodiments of whiteness. My intention is also to discuss the role of whiteness in the racial imagery and in the construction of normalcy. Does whiteness affect the formation of national identity and the ways Westerners are facing Otherness? What is the relationship between whiteness and pastoral power? Foucault speaks of the role of self-examination and consciousness-guidance. What about Augustine’s idea of natural hierachies? Are these aspects in turn linked to the rationality of state? Lastly, I will look into the role of visual communication, especially that of Christian iconography. To put it short, my focus will lie on the Foucauldian concept of governmentality, which I will try to develop further.

  • 498.
    Ellefson, Merja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    "We can hear each other's thoughts". Collective, governmentality and the question of origin2003In: Media Research in Progress: JMK Conference Contributions 2002, Stockholm: Stockholm University, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK) , 2003, p. 203-224Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to discuss different definitions and usages of concepts of nation, state, nation state, race and ethnie. For example, race is generally agreed to be a social construction, but the Swedish word “ras” has stronger biological connotations than the English “race”. Racial discourses contain a complicated and changing relationship between nature and culture, which makes differentiation between “race” and “ethnie” a hair-splitting activity. The concepts of nation, state and nationalism have also proven difficult to define. Furthermore, there are no simple criteria defining Europe’s geographic or symbolic borders, since there has never been one Europe. For example, when Estonians or Poles say are pleased to be part of Europe again, what does it mean? Did they at some point stop being European? Or, does the word “European” only signify “member of EU”? Richard Dyer, in his book White (1997), asks if the white man really knows he is white. Dyer makes a distinction between white as color, skin color and symbol. The conflation of the different meanings of whiteness enables images of white supremacy and distinctions or ranking between different white ethnicities. Popular culture and media in general play an important role in discourses about origin, human nature, culture, in-groups and out-groups. Some whites are clearly whiter than other whites, just as some Swedes are more Swedish than other Swedes.

  • 499. Elomäki, Anna
    et al.
    Kantola, Johanna
    Koivunen, Anu
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, Cinema Studies.
    Ylöstalo, Hanna
    Kamppailu tasa-arvosta: tunne, asiantuntijuus ja vastarinta strategisessa valtiossa2016In: Sosiologia, ISSN 0038-1640, E-ISSN 1904-500X, Vol. 53, no 4, p. 377-395Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 500.
    Enarsson, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Grassroots niches transforming cities toward post-growth futures: A case study of the collaborative economy in Gothenburg, Sweden2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cities drive some of the most urgent sustainability challenges that societies face today, including inequality, resource consumption and climate change. Meanwhile, economic growth is increasingly being viewed as a challenge for sustainable development, generating a call for post-growth transformation. In recent years, the notion of a sharing economy has spread to cities across the globe and has been adopted as a solution for addressing multiple urban sustainability challenges. The sharing economy is often associated with multinational corporations such as Airbnb and Uber, however, there is a parallel movement of emerging social practices. This study investigates the case of the multi-actor sharing economy in Gothenburg, Sweden, in order to assess the capacity of an emerging grassroots movement to contribute to economic transformation towards a post-growth model. The findings demonstrate how the grassroots movement show potential for radical change as they adopt and replicate goals and visions aligning with post-growth transformations. Further, the results show how the movement is reconfiguring urban governance relations through i) transformative leaders and ii) intermediary organizations enabling cross-sectorial actor relations to emerge. However, the findings also point to emerging risks of disempowerment and limited capacity of grassroots which induce three policy suggestions to strengthen the transformative capacity of the movement. These are to i) organize multi-actor exercises that foster collective visions, ii) support the development of co-operative business models for grassroots, and iii) establish a Community Support Centre. The study concludes that Gothenburg is an example of a type of sharing economy with potential for post-growth transformation.

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