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  • 451.
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Stoffel, Michael F.
    Distributive politics and intergovernmental transfers: The local allocation of European Union structural funds2012Inngår i: European Union Politics, ISSN 1465-1165, E-ISSN 1741-2757, Vol. 13, nr 3, s. 413-433Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Union budget is distributed primarily in the form of intergovernmental grants to sub-state governments, which invest the grants in local projects. Transfers are allocated under the auspices of the European structural funds. This article assesses the causal links between electoral incentives on the recipient side, European funding goals, and local grant allocation. Tobit regressions of the allocation patterns in 419 local districts in Germany for the period 2000–6 suggest the following: although recipient sub-state governments enjoy substantial discretion in selecting projects, their distributive choices are largely in accord with European goals. As theoretically predicted, however, there is robust evidence that sub-state governments’ electoral concerns distort the local allocation of structural funds.

  • 452.
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Tallberg, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Advocacy Strategies in Global Governance: Inside versus Outside Lobbying2017Inngår i: Political Studies, ISSN 0032-3217, E-ISSN 1467-9248, Vol. 65, nr 3, s. 705-723Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As political authority shifts to the global level, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) increasingly attempt to influence policy-making within international organisations (IOs). This article examines the nature and sources of non-governmental organisations’ advocacy strategies in global governance. We advance a twofold theoretical argument. First, non-governmental organisation advocacy can be described in terms of inside and outside strategies, similar to interest group lobbying in American and European politics. Second, non-governmental organisations’ chosen combination of inside and outside strategies can be explained by their organisational goals and membership base. Empirically, this argument is corroborated through a large-n analysis of original data from structured interviews with 303 non-governmental organisation representatives active in relation to the United Nations (UN), complemented by 19 semi-structured interviews with UN and state officials. The article’s findings have implications for the theory and practice of non-governmental organisation involvement in global governance.

  • 453.
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Tallberg, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The social legitimacy of international organisations: Interest representation, institutional performance, and confidence extrapolation in the United Nations2015Inngår i: Review of International Studies, ISSN 0260-2105, E-ISSN 1469-9044, Vol. 41, nr 3, s. 451-475Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Social legitimacy is central to the effectiveness of international organisations (IOs). Yet, so far, we have little systematic knowledge about what drives citizens to support or oppose IOs. In this article, we isolate and assess three alternative explanations of social legiti- macy in global governance, privileging interest representation, institutional performance, and confidence extrapolation. We test these theories in a multilevel analysis of citizen confidence in the United Nations (UN) using World Values Survey and European Values Study data, sup- plemented by contextual measures. The results grant support to the arguments that institu- tional performance and confidence extrapolation shape popular confidence in the UN, while offering little support for the explanation of interest representation. These findings challenge the predominant understanding that more democratic procedures lead to greater social legitimacy for IOs. Instead, the UN case suggests that the social legitimacy of IOs is based primarily on the organisations’ capacity to deliver, as well as on citizens’ general confidence in political institutions, which IOs may have little to do with and can do little to change.

  • 454.
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer.
    Tallberg, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Why national and international legitimacy beliefs are linked: Social trust as an antecedent factor2018Inngår i: The Review of International Organizations, ISSN 1559-7431, E-ISSN 1559-744XArtikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent public opinion research has established an empirical regularity of unusual stability and strength: citizen beliefs in the legitimacy of national and international institutions are highly linked. The dominant interpretation of this link holds that citizens draw on their perceptions of national institutions as a heuristic when forming opinions about international institutions. This article proposes an alternative mechanism, privileging social trust as an antecedent factor contributing to both national and international legitimacy beliefs. Using original survey data on citizen attitudes toward four international institutions in three countries, the article provides evidence for social trust as an antecedent factor, while granting no support for the dominant interpretation. The article suggests three broader implications: social trust has more far-reaching consequences for international cooperation than previously understood; political efforts to affect the legitimacy of international institutions are constrained by individual predispositions; and a comparative approach is central to the study of public attitudes toward international institutions.

  • 455.
    Demetriades, Clara
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Undervisning om samtycke ur ett lärarperspektiv: En analys av förutsättningarna att implementera regeringens uppdrag att beakta samtycke i grund- och gymnasieskolan2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to analyse the preconditions for implementing the government's mission of considering consent in primary and secondary school from a teacher's perspective. The essay examines what obstacles and opportunities teachers currently face when teaching students about consent. Interviews have been conducted with teachers about this subject.

    Following questions are analysed. How do teachers understand consent? How do teachers prioritize consent in their teaching? What opportunities do teachers feel they have to undertake consent teaching based on their own understanding?

    Teachers’ opportunity to educate about consent is currently limited due to obstacles in their efforts. The straining workload and the absence of proper guidelines and education in the matter of consent, withhold teachers from educating in the subject. Teachers who regardless of the strain educate in the subject often do so by their own accord, due to the fact that they have their own personal interest and calling in applying consent into the education. This points to that mainly women are involved in the subject of consent in schools, since many women have both an understanding and an interest in the issue, also privately. Where as male teachers have a lack of understanding, interest and a general repugnancy toward gender policies. This prevents them to enable such education at present.

  • 456.
    Dennison, James
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. European University Institute, Italy; Harvard University, USA.
    Draege, Jonas
    The dynamics of electoral politics after the Arab Spring: evidence from Tunisia2020Inngår i: Journal of North African Studies, ISSN 1362-9387, E-ISSN 1743-9345Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article uses new survey evidence from Tunisia, conducted shortly after the three first elections following the Arab Spring, to explain dynamics in electoral behaviour. We find that the strongest and most consistent predictors of vote choice were gender, religiosity and attitudes to the role of Islam in public life. Economic attitudes, other socio-demographics and clientelistic motivations were consistently less or not important factors. These findings support the notion of a paramount Islamist-Secular divide, which is distinct from the Western Left-Right divide, in the Arab World. We also find evidence that Tunisian voters underwent a learning process over the course of elections. Overall, we present evidence to suggest that the primacy of the Islamist-secular axis of political conflict is, in accordance with the evidence from other early divides in transitional democracies, elite-driven, and so is likely to decline in importance over time.

  • 457. Dewoghélaëre, Julien
    et al.
    Premat, Christophe
    Institut d´études politiques de Bordeaux.
    La stratégie de communication numérique des élus locaux fran\c cais2007Inngår i: Pyramides, Vol. 13, s. 155-171Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    En France, depuis quelques années, la rhétorique de la proximité est devenue un impératif et même une norme du discours politique, les élus ayant de plus en plus besoin de légitimer leur rôle au sein d’espaces publics locaux déterminés. La démocratie participative en tant que méthode associant des citoyens au travail des élus sur des sujets spécifiques vise une haute qualité de délibération. C’est devenu un label que de nombreux élus revendiquent dans la mise en œuvre de certaines politiques publiques. Nous avons voulu analyser la stratégie de communication numérique des élus locaux fran\c cais des villes de plus de 5 000 habitants, afin de mesurer la manière dont ils envisagent la démocratie participative, et si cette stratégie dépend de variables telles que l’entrée en politique locale, la configuration territoriale (intercommunalité, implantation dans un département rural ou urbain), le genre et la génération. La communication numérique signifie la visibilité des outils de démocratie participative sur les sites Internet des différentes communes. Existe-t-il des facteurs explicatifs du recours à cette politique de communication ? Le traitement de la base de données de 1881 communes a pour ambition d’analyser cette mise en scène de la proximité dans un pays qui a également augmenté le nombre de fonctionnaires territoriaux préposés à la communication.

  • 458.
    Dingu-Kyrklund, Elena
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för forskning om internationell migration och etniska relationer (CEIFO).
    Politische Partizipation in Schweden und damit verbundene Aspekte der Integration von ImmigrantInnen2003Inngår i: Wiener Hefte zu Migration und Integration in Theorie und Praxis. Defizitäre Demokratie - MigrantInnen in der Politik. Heft 1-2003,, Drava Förlag, Wiener Integrationsfonds, Wien. , 2003Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article takes up the issue of democratic participation of immigrants in general and in Sweden in particular, especially in the context of elections, in point of access, participation and as an issue of societal integration.

  • 459.
    Doeser, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    In Search of Security After the Collapse of the Soviet Union: Foreign Policy Change in Denmark, Finland and Sweden, 1988-19932008Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explain the evolution of foreign policy in Denmark, Finland and Sweden with regard to Western security cooperation between 1988 and 1993. The study sets out to test two theoretical perspectives on the security cooperation policies of these three small states. The external political perspective is based on the idea that foreign policy is determined by the challenges of a state’s external political environment. The domestic political perspective is based on the idea that phenomena at the domestic level of the state have an impact on how governments cope with external constraints. The primary theoretical ambition is to integrate the findings from these two analyses in order to further an understanding of the mechanisms of foreign policy change in small states.

    In order to study the relationship between the environment and foreign policy change, the author applies a perceptual approach, which means that his intention is to explain foreign policy action on the basis of the perceptions actors have of the environment.

    The author draws a number of conclusions with regard to the mechanisms of foreign policy change. First, a perceptual approach is needed in order to analyze a state’s specific responses to international political change. Second, domestic factors are not only important for foreign policy in general but also for the evolution of security cooperation policy in small states under conditions of fundamental shift in the international system. Third, it is possible to attribute some degree of relative explanatory power to external factors and to assign a range of different roles to domestic factors. Fourth, governments of Western democratic small states pay relatively equal attention to external and domestic considerations when making their foreign policies. However, depending on the situation, the relative potency of external and domestic factors can vary.

  • 460.
    Duit, Andreas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Flykten till institutionerna: socialt kapital, valinformation och etnisk mobilisering2004Inngår i: Politisk annonsering eller nätverkande?: uppföljning och utvärdering av partiernas särskilda informationsinsatser till invandrarväljare vid 2002 års val / [ed] Henry Bäck, Maritta Soininen, Göteborg: Förvaltningshögskolan , 2004, s. 223-258Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 461.
    Duit, Andreas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    RESILIENCE THINKING: LESSONS FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION2016Inngår i: Public Administration, ISSN 0033-3298, E-ISSN 1467-9299, Vol. 94, nr 2, s. 364-380Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The notion of resilience is rapidly gaining influence in public administration practice and research, but a more comprehensive resilience research agenda in public administration is yet to emerge. This article aims to clarify how experiences and potential contributions from social-ecological resilience research can inform resilience studies in public administration. By contrasting key components of the resilience paradigm and its policy prescriptions with established findings from public administration research, a set of key shortcomings of social-ecological resilience thinking are identified: (1) deterministic systems models; (2) simplified accounts of politics and policy; and (3) a lack of systematic and generalizable empirical studies. To avoid these shortcomings, it is suggested that public administration resilience studies should explore multiple and competing models for how resilience can be generated; analyse trade-offs between resilience and other values of public administration; avoid systems theoretical resilience models; and apply the notion of resilience in areas beyond crisis management.

  • 462.
    Duit, Andreas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The four faces of the environmental state: environmental governance regimes in 28 countries2016Inngår i: Environmental Politics, ISSN 0964-4016, E-ISSN 1743-8934, Vol. 25, nr 1, s. 69-91Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The primary task for the environmental state is to address problems related to the market's externalisation of environmental costs. It has four main resources at its disposal: regulation, redistribution, organisation, and knowledge generation. The way these four resources are deployed make up a state's environmental governance arrangements. Using data on environmental regulation, taxes, public administrations, and knowledge production from 28 countries, and a hierarchical cluster analysis, four different types of environmental states are identified: established, emerging, partial, and weak. This is followed by some suggestions for further research on the environmental state in a comparative perspective.

  • 463.
    Duit, Andreas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Tragedins institutioner: svenskt offentligt miljöskydd under trettio år2002Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 464.
    Duit, Andreas
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Feindt, Peter H.
    Meadowcroft, James
    Greening Leviathan: the rise of the environmental state?2016Inngår i: Environmental Politics, ISSN 0964-4016, E-ISSN 1743-8934, Vol. 25, nr 1, s. 1-23Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Bringing the state back in' to research on comparative, inter-, and trans-national environmental politics and policy will contribute to better understanding of the limits and prospects of contemporary approaches to environmental politics and the overall evolution of contemporary states once environmental issues become central. The rationale for the state as an analytical perspective in environmental policy and politics is explained, and an empirically oriented concept of the environmental state is introduced, along with a tentative sketch of its evolution in historical perspective. A research agenda on the environmental state is mapped out, centring around variation and convergence in environmental states across space and time; the political/economic dynamics of contemporary environmental states; and inter-linkages among environmental problems, the constitution of political communities, and the functioning of the public power. In conclusion, the ways in which the contributions to this volume address that research agenda are introduced.

  • 465.
    Duit, Andreas
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Löf, Annette
    Dealing With a Wicked Problem? A Dark Tale of Carnivore Management in Sweden 2007-20112018Inngår i: Administration & Society, ISSN 0095-3997, E-ISSN 1552-3039, Vol. 50, nr 8, s. 1072-1096Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we investigate whether increased participation offers a way of addressing wicked policy problems. We utilize a natural policy experiment in the form of a 2010 reform of Swedish wildlife management policy aiming to solve longstanding conflicts over predators through increased stakeholder participation in regional Wildlife Management Boards. Using a panel study design containing quantitative and qualitative data, we estimate pre- and post-reform levels of three wickedness-reducing mechanisms: legitimacy, deliberation, and conflict intensity. Despite a substantial increase in participation, we find no evidence of reduced wickedness after the reform.

  • 466.
    Ebbesson, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet, Juridiska fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen, Stockholms miljörättscentrum (SMC).
    Global or European Only?: International Law on Transparency in Environmental Matters for Members of the Public2013Inngår i: Transparency in International Law / [ed] Bianchi, A.; Peters, A., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013, s. 49-74Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 467.
    Ebbesson, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet, Juridiska fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen. Aarhus Convention Compliance Committee, Denmark.
    Social-Ecological Security and International Law in the Anthropocene2014Inngår i: International Law and Changing Perceptions of Security: Liber Amicorum Said Mahmoudi / [ed] Jonas Ebbesson, Marie Jacobsson, Mark Klamberg, David Langlet, Pål Wrange, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2014, s. 71-92Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 468.
    Edberg, Natalie
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Några miljöpartisters syn på decentralisering och centralisering: Ur ett nationalistiskt och kosmopolitiskt perspektiv2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 469.
    Edling, Max
    Stockholms universitet.
    A revolution in favour of government: the American constitution and ideas about state formation, 1787-17882000Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation analyses the debate over the ratification of the American Constitution between the Federalists, who supported the Constitution's adoption, and the Antifederalists, who opposed adoption. It challenges the traditional interpretation of the Federalist persuasion as primarily concerned with limited government and minority rights. Instead, it reveals a neglected aspect of Federalist thought by placing it in the context of early modern state formation. Far from being concerned with limits to government, the Federalists aimed to create a potentially powerful national state. With the adoption of the Constitution the central functions of the early modern state, i. e. war making and resource extraction, were transferred from the states to the national government. The fiscal and military powers of the new government were in every important respect unlimited and the institutional impediment made up by the state legislatures was removed. The Constitution created a state which held all the powers of the contemporary European 'fiscal-military states' in reserve. Yet it also created a state very different from the states of Europe.

    The political traditions and institutions of eighteenth-century America were averse to strong centralised government. In the debate over ratification this aversion was expressed by the Constitution's opponents. To provide an argument in support of the adoption of the Constitution, the Federalists had to show that it was possible to create a state that was both powerful and able to respect popular aversion to government. An important step towards the solution of this dilemma was federalism, which allowed the centralisation of only certain specified powers. Federalism would create a state focused on the fiscal-military sphere, but it said nothing about how to extract resources without exerting unacceptable pressure on the citizens. Here the solution offered lay in statecraft, which would create a national government that was both light and inconspicuous. It would be light in the sense that its demands would not press too heavily on the people and it would be inconspicuous in the sense that its actual physical presence would be limited. In short, the Federalists promised the benefits of government without its costs.

  • 470.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Depoliticising the political: Market solutions and the retreat of Swedish institutional drug treatment from state management2016Inngår i: International journal on drug policy, ISSN 0955-3959, E-ISSN 1873-4758, Vol. 32, s. 93-99Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This article examines developments in the Swedish drug treatment services in 1982-2000 and explores the ways in which political initiatives and the state administration's management have contributed to the major privatisations of institutional drug treatment during this period. Methods: The empirical basis for the textual analysis lies in official reports, parliamentary material and archived records from the Stockholm County Administrative Board's management of treatment facilities. Results: The major privatisations of drug treatment services in the 1980s were both unintentional and unwanted and mainly arose from a lack of bureaucratic control and ideological anchorage. The privatisations were, however, reinforced by ideologically driven NPM-oriented political initiatives in the 1990s. Conclusion: The market-oriented treatment services have failed to fulfil the needs for diversity and availability within a publicly financed sector, which deals with unevenly informed and often socio-economically weak citizens. New management models in this field must ensure that ideological considerations are taken into account to meet politically decided goals and means.

  • 471.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Vård och ideologi: Narkomanvården som politiskt slagfält2012Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan mitten av 1960-talet har narkotikaproblemet varit ständigt närvarande i politiken. Utredning har följt på utredning, lagar har stiftats, straff har höjts, informationskampanjer sjösatts och nya vårdmetoder har lanserats. I boken Vård och ideologi undersöker historikern Johan Edman den svenska narkomanvårdens historia. Han visar hur narkomanvården varit en fråga som använts för vitt skilda politiska syften, där allt ifrån oro för politiskt radikal ungdom, främmande religioner eller obegriplig musik tolkats som problem med koppling till narkotika. Narkotikabruket har beskrivits som kapitalistiskt klassförtryck, amerikanism och kulturell förflackning samtidigt som svenskhet, solidaritet och arbetsamhet varit värden som präglat behandlingshemmens arbete.

    I boken studeras den svenska narkomanvården under åren 1960–2000. Den handlar om statens försök att få till stånd en verksam narkomanvård, om de politiska diskussionerna och den byråkratiska organiseringen av ett problem som visat sig vara svårt att lösa. Jakten på den verksamma vårdmetoden tycks vara ett evighetsprojekt: från det tidiga 1900-talets aversionskurer, vitamin- och insulinbehandlingar, via Antabus och psykoterapi, till fostransmodeller, tolvstegsmetoder och substitutionsbehandlingar. Trots 100 år av missbrukarvård efterfrågas fortfarande en verksam kunskap. I den här boken undersöks varför denna jakt tagit sig dessa uttryck, varför den ständiga ambitionen att nå säker kunskap ter sig som ökenvandringar mot en hägring.

    Narkotikaproblemet visar sig vara både politiskt och terapeutiskt, och debatten om narkotikakonsumtionen har ofta haft vitt skilda politiska syften. Oron för politiskt radikal ungdom, främmande religioner eller obegriplig musik har kunnat begripliggöras som narkotikaproblem. Från annat håll har narkotikaproblemet beskrivits som kapitalistiskt klassförtryck, amerikanism och kulturell förflackning. Modernitet, urbanisering och industrialisering har också kritiserats i narkotikaproblemets namn. Högern har ropat på förstärkt polis medan vänstern har önskat krossa det kapitalistiska klassamhället; kristen kärlek och skattesänkningar har på olika sätt motiverats som medel i kampen mot narkotikan.

    De politiska problembeskrivningarna och kampen om de ideologiska lösningarna har också varit intensiv utanför de folkvaldas kammare. På behandlingshemmen och inom den styrande byråkratin har det tydliggjorts att narkotikaproblemet är ett ideologiskt problem. Den verksamma behandlingsmetoden och den attraktiva ideologin har konkurrerat om utrymmet — många gånger har de betraktats som samma sak. Behandlingshem har motarbetats från byråkratiskt håll när de intagit ideologiskt tveksamma positioner. Värden som landsbygdsromantik, svenskhet, solidaritet och arbetsamhet har premierats.

    Däremot kom individualism, amerikanism och profitintresse länge att motarbetas inom den ideologiska narkomanvården. I slutet av undersökningsperioden blev sådana bedömningar dock underordnade en övergripande ideologisk strävan att göra missbrukarvården till en marknad bland andra.

    Författaren visar sammanfattningsvis att narkotikaproblemet i grunden är ett ideologiskt problem. Frågan om vad som är problematiskt med narkotikakonsumtion kan varken ställas eller besvaras utan att man samtidigt berör frågan om den goda medborgarens eller det goda samhällets kvaliteter. Denna ideologiska grundton är uppenbar när man studerar narkotikaproblemets formulering på politisk eller byråkratisk nivå och även på behandlingshemmen. Detta ideologiska perspektiv är nödvändigt om man vill förstå narkotikaproblemets komplexa natur och varför det inte låter sig lösas med aldrig så kunskapsbaserad metodutveckling.

  • 472.
    Eduards, Maud
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ett "och" betyder så mycket2011Inngår i: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, nr 2-3, s. 29-33Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 473.
    Eduards, Maud
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Feminism som partipolitik: feministiskt initiativ i Simrishamn 2010-20142016Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 474.
    Eduards, Maud
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Feminist Interventions, Gender Equality and Academic Resistance: A Swedish Political History2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 475.
    Eduards, Maud
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Förbjuden handling: om kvinnors organsiering och feministisk teori2002Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 476.
    Eduards, Maud
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kroppspolitik: Om Moder Svea och andra kvinnor2007Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kroppspolitik behandlar hur svensk offentlighet förhållit sig till kvinnors kroppar under 150 år, med tonvikt på de senaste decennierna. Tanken är att kvinnokroppen idealiseras och tillmäts kulturellt värde samtidigt som levande kvinnor riskerar att utsättas för kontroll, marginalisering och övergrepp. Kvinnors kroppsliga villkor är präglade av motsättningar och splittrade innebörder. På vilket sätt står kvinnors kroppar till nationens förfogande? Hur har staten disciplinerat respektive frigjort det kroppsliga? Fem teman tas upp: landets säkerhet, abort, prostitution, högre utbildning och kvinnorörelser.

  • 477.
    Eduards, Maud
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kvinnor och politik: fakta och förklaringar1977 (oppl. 1. uppl.)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 478.
    Eduards, Maud
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kön, makt, medborgarskap: kvinnan i politiskt tänkande från Platon till Engels.1983Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 479.
    Eduards, Maud
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    La citoyenneté suédoise: de la différence féminine et des peurs masculines1997Inngår i: Les Femmes et la politique / [ed] Armelle Le Bras-Chopard, Janine Mossuz-Lavau, Paris: L´Harmattan , 1997, s. 145-160Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 480.
    Eduards, Maud
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Participation des femmes et changement politique: le cas de la Suéde1995Inngår i: La place des femmes: les enjeux de l'identite et de l'egalite au regard des sciences sociales / [ed] Ephesia, Paris: La Découverte , 1995Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 481.
    Eduards, Maud
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Recension av Gabriella Nilssons avhandling Könsmakt eller häxjakt?: Antagonistiska föreställningar om mäns våld mot kvinnor2011Inngår i: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, nr 3Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 482.
    Eduards, Maud
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Vad har ett badlakan med säkerhetspolitik att göra?2011Inngår i: Politik och kritik.: En feministisk guide till statsvetenskap / [ed] Lenita Freidenvall och Maria Jansson, Studentlitteratur, 2011Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 483.
    Eduards, Maud
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Elgqvist-Saltzman, IngaLundgren, EvaSjöblad, ChristinaSundin, ElisabethWikander, UllaStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Rethinking change: current Swedish feminist research1992Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 484.
    Eduards, Maud
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Gustafsson, GunnelRönnblom, Malin
    Towards a New Democratic Order?: Women's Organizing in Sweden in the 1990's1997Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 485.
    Eduards, Maud
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Jansson, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Introduktion till internationella relationer2017Inngår i: Politik och kön: Feministiska perspektiv på statsvetenskap / [ed] Lenita Freidenvall, Maria Jansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, s. 209-226Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 486.
    Edvinsson, Rodney
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Prices and the growth of the knowledge economy in Sweden and Western Europe before the industrial revolution2011Inngår i: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 59, nr 3, s. 250-272Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article uses long-term series of real prices for various goods and services to analyse the evolution of the knowledge economy before the Industrial Revolution by focusing on Sweden in comparison with other European countries. During the early modern period, the relative price of knowledge-intensive goods and services, such as iron, paper, salt, sea transports and silver, decreased relative to a Consumer Price Index. The increased productivity levels of these goods and services were caused by increased division of labour and accelerated diffusion of knowledge. However, the real price of foodstuff tended to increase, implying that living standards declined with increased population. Early modern Western Europe acquired a peculiar price structure, characterized by low prices of industrial goods relative to the price of food. Only with the advent of industrial society could the knowledge economy escape the Malthusian entrapment.

  • 487.
    Ehlin, Madeleine
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Att styra men inte röra: Styrning av fristående analys- och utvärderingsmyndigheter2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen undersöker hur analys- och utvärderingsmyndigheter positioneras, det vill säga organiseras i relation till regeringen och andra aktörer, och identifierar och diskuterar faktorer som kan bidra till att förklara dessa myndigheters positionering.

    Det teoretiska ramverket om positionering hämtas från litteratur om metagovernance och styrning genom organisering.

    Utgångspunkten är att analys- och utvärderingsmyndigheter existerar i en kontext med grundläggande normer om oberoende. Olika typer av oberoende kan påverka verksamhetens trovärdighet. Samtidigt är positionering är ett centralt styrmedel för regeringen och bygger på strategisk placering av myndigheter gentemot Regeringskansliet och andra intressenter. Att myndigheter interagerar med olika aktörer är inte detsamma som att de är beroende av dem. Men det betyder att dessa aktörer har någon typ av inverkan på verksamheten. Spänningen mellan ett centralt styrmedel och normer om oberoende ger att analys- och utvärderingsmyndigheter utgör en intressant kontext för att studera positionering. Styrningen innehåller inte bara avvägningar mellan kontroll och ansvarsutkrävande utan även mellan uppfattningar om trovärdighet och möjligheten att använda myndigheterna för att uppnå politiska mål.

  • 488.
    Ehn, Peter
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Maktens administratörer: ledande svenska statstjänstemäns och politikers syn på tjänstemannarollen i ett förändringsperspektiv1998Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall theme for this dissertation is the position of higher Swedish civil servants in the borderland between politics and administration and between flexibility, loyalty, impartiality, and autonomy. An important assumption is that the attitudes and beliefs are especially significant in a system such as the Swedish, where civil servants may act under conditions of substantial autonomy. The dissertation is based on interviews with higher civil servants and a sample of members of the Swedish parliament. Among the civil servants the study is limited to the higher echelons in the national public administration - undersecretaries of state, assistant undersecretaries of state, and director-generals of administrative agencies. The study is comparative - comparisons are made between 1971/73 and 1990. The central instruments of analysis consist of three role conceptions of civil servants. They are constructed from three fundamental coordinating principles and are designated the judicial, the political and the market-oriented civil servant roles. In a second step, the theoretical role typology is adapted to "the practice" which is manifested in the Swedish public administration's development in a longer perspective.

    How the role of the civil servants in the political system was perceived, as well as the political positions, was found to be dependent on the positions of the interviewees in the politico-administrative system. This meant that the undersecretaries, irrespective of role perception, found themselves farthest to the left among the studied groups, then followed by the assistant undersecretaries and farthest right the director-generals. An exception to this rule was the politically-oriented director-generals, who were left of all the assistant undersecretaries irrespective of role perception and even to the left of the judicially-oriented undersecretaries. An important observation was that the market-oriented role of civil servants had strengthened its position over time. It could also be observed in 1990 that the undersecretaries were clearly different from their colleagues in 1971 through applying more of a political perspective of the civil servant role. The analyses showed that among the non-political civil servants - the assistant undersecretaries - the political role model had a strong position at both interview occasions. Furthermore, both politicians and civil servants showed a more negative attitude to politics and the administration. The higher civil servants had begun to waiver somewhat in their belief in themselves and the capacity of the state. The analyses of the role perception of the MPs showed that their opinions were closely connected with their political affiliation. Among social democrats and members from the Left Party (the former Communist party), the political role conception was dominating at both times and among non-socialists the judicial. An important observation when dealing with the views of the members of parliament was how surprisingly unfamiliar politicians were with the work of the public administation.

  • 489.
    Ek, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Varför finns det inte ensamordnare för informationssäkerhet inom Regeringskansliet?: Detta trots att flera utredningar under 20 år och flera inträffade incidenter har pekat på behovet!2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    För att försöka förklara den rubricerade frågan har jag använt teori om säkerhetisering av hotbilder. Metoden har varit en kvalitativ jämförande fallstudie. Jag har undersökt tre fall - två inom informationssäkerhet och ett inom krishantering.Vad krävs för att en säkerhetspolitisk fråga (hotbild) ska bryta igenom ’glastaket’ och hamna på den högsta politiska nivån (i detta fall inom Regeringskansliet)? Sårbarhets- och säkerhetsutredningen föreslog 2001 samordningsfunktioner inom Regeringskansliet för både informationssäkerhet och krishantering. Regeringen valde dock att delegera ansvaret för bägge funktionerna till myndighetsnivån när Krisberedskapsmyndigheten bildades 2002. Ett antal ytterligare utredningar inom informationssäkerhet har sedan föreslagit detta på nytt, utan något resultat. Den ”Oxenstiernska”byråkratimodellen med självständiga myndigheter är svår att ändra! Den enda avgörande skillnaden mellan fallen är tsunamin 2004, där resultatet blev en krishanteringsfunktion inom Regeringskansliet. En möjlig slutsats av detta är att det kommer att krävas en ’cyber-tsunami’ för att motsvarande ska ske inom informationssäkerhet! Alternativt att samhällsdebatten förändras på ett avgörande sätt och tunga aktörer börjar kräva en sådan funktion.

  • 490. Ek Österberg, Emma
    et al.
    Qvist, Martin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Public Sector Innovation as Governance Reform: A Comparative Analysis of Competitive and Collaborative Strategies in the Swedish Transport Sector2020Inngår i: Administration & Society, ISSN 0095-3997, E-ISSN 1552-3039, Vol. 52, nr 2, s. 292-318Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The constraining impact of bureaucracy on creative problem solving has been a recurring theme in research on public innovation, and public actors increasingly seek to “steer” innovation through interactive spaces for collaboration and competition. This article examines this form of “meta-governance” in the case of the Swedish Transport Administration and reveals a pattern where the initial opening of arenas for innovation is followed by a countermovement toward organization. Findings suggest that the introduction of elements of organization, such as hierarchy, rules, and membership, in governance spaces is a key strategy for coming to grips with a new innovation promoting role.

  • 491.
    Ekenberg, Love
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Larsson, Aron
    Idefeldt, Jim
    Bohman, Samuel
    The Lack of Transparency in Public Decision Processes2009Inngår i: International Journal of Public Information Systems, ISSN 1653-4360, Vol. 5, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We discuss the lack of transparency and use of elaborated decision methods in public decision processes. The decision regarding new roads in the greater Stockholm area has been used as a significant example.

  • 492.
    Ekengren, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet.
    Time and European Governance: The Empirical Value of Three Reflective Approaches1999Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 493.
    Ekström, Linda
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Jämställdhet – för männens, arbetarklassens och effektivitetens skull?: En diskursiv policystudie av jämställdhetsarbete i maskulina miljöer2012Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Issues concerning gender equality are today an integral part of Swedish society. Because of this, even traditionally male-dominated actors are forced to incorporate a focus on gender equality. What kind of tensions may this provoke, and how are these tensions visible in the gender equality policy making of traditionally male-dominated organizations? Against this background, the aim of this dissertation is to analyse how issues of gender equality are “problematized” by three organizations that originate from masculine environments; Män för jämställdhet, IF Metall  and Rikpolisstyrelsen. I wish to analyse the meaning that these actors incorporate into the issue of gender equality and from which discourses these meanings are derived. This focus entails a specific theoretical standpoint. Thus, another aim of the study is to discuss the advantages of a post-structuralist approach to the study of public policy. More specifically, I want to develop the use of a range of discourse analytical modes of analysis and to evaluate their utility in capturing the dynamic of problematization processes.

    The empirical focus of the dissertation is on the years between 2000 and 2008. The research material consists of both formal and informal documents.

    The analysis shows that questions of gender equality can be problematized in a number of ways. Issues concerning gender equality can be tied to issues of men’s hegemony, men’s gender-specific problems, class-based problems and organizational problems. This wide array of problematizations also illustrates ways in which there still seems to be an underlying conflict over the meanings tied to the concept, even though nobody openly challenges the importance of gender equality reform efforts. I call this situation a “conflictual consensus” and point to the importance of deconstructing this supposed unity and illuminating the kind of power relations that lay hidden beneath it.

  • 494.
    Eldén, Åsa
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för Asien-, Mellanöstern- och Turkietstudier, Institutet för Turkietstudier (SUITS).
    Levin, Paul T.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för Asien-, Mellanöstern- och Turkietstudier, Institutet för Turkietstudier (SUITS).
    Swedish Aid in the Era of Shrinking Space – the Case of Turkey2018Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 495. Elliott, Kaisa Hinkkainen
    et al.
    Kreutz, Joakim
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Natural resource wars in the shadow of the future: Explaining spatial dynamics of violence during civil war2019Inngår i: Journal of Peace Research, ISSN 0022-3433, E-ISSN 1460-3578, Vol. 56, nr 4, s. 499-513Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies on natural resources and civil wars find that the presence of natural resources increases both civil conflict risk and duration. At the same time, belligerents often cooperate over resource extraction, suggesting a temporal variation in the contest over this subnational space. This study argues that parties fight over natural resources primarily when they expect that the conflict is about to end, as the importance of controlling them increases in the post-conflict setting. In contrast, belligerents that anticipate a long war have incentives to avoid fighting near natural resources since excessive violence will hurt the extraction, trade, and subsequent taxation that provide conflict actors with income from the resource. We test our argument using yearly and monthly grid-cell-level data on African civil conflicts for the period 1989-2008 and find support for our expected spatial variation. Using whether negotiations are underway as an indicator about warring parties' expectations on conflict duration, we find that areas with natural resources in general experience less intense fighting than other areas, but during negotiations these very areas witness most of the violence. We further find that the spatial shift in violence occurs immediately when negotiations are opened. A series of difference-in-difference estimations show a visible shift of violence towards areas rich in natural resources in the first three months after parties have initiated talks. Our findings are relevant for scholarship on understanding and predicting the trajectories of micro-level civil conflict violence, and for policymakers seeking to prevent peace processes being derailed.

  • 496.
    Engelbrekt, Kjell
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    “Bulgaria’s EU Accession and the Issue of Accountability: An End to Buck-Passing?”2007Inngår i: Problems of Post-Communism, Vol. 54, nr 4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In September 2006 the European Commission demanded that Bulgaria and Romania redouble their efforts to meet membership conditions before accession in January 1, 2007, but also put in place ‘safeguard measures’ that are valid beyond that date. In Bulgaria’s case, the main source of concern relates to the judiciary and enforcement capacity, especially the absence of a robust normative and institutional framework for evaluating and ‘individualizing’ accountability.

  • 497.
    Engelbrekt, Kjell
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Darker Legacies, Schmitt’s Shadow, and Europe2006Inngår i: German Law Journal, ISSN 2071-8322, E-ISSN 2071-8322, Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 109-126Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 498.
    Engelbrekt, Kjell
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    EU Enlargement and the Emboldening of Institutional Integrity in Central and Eastern Europe: The 'Tough Test' of Public Procurement2011Inngår i: European Law Journal, ISSN 1351-5993, E-ISSN 1468-0386, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 230-251Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    EU enlargement and the incorporation of the acquis communautaire are widely seen as successful and emboldening the integrity of political, administrative and legal institutions in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). The analysis reported here describes the specific problems associated with affirming institutional integrity in the field of public procurement, which constitutes a 'tough test'. Public procurement is namely an area where the acquis swiftly gained pre-eminence in accession states, but whose complex regulations depend on a well-functioning judiciary, effective administrative supervision and limited corruption. The experience in Poland and Bulgaria, countries that represent different stages of institution building in this area, is compared. The results suggest that an EU-compatible public procurement regime is being consolidated throughout the CEE region. At the same time, that regime may only work well when boundaries between institutional subjects, as well as between the spheres of law, politics and economics, are upheld in post-communist countries.

  • 499.
    Engelbrekt, Kjell
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Multiple Asymmetries: The European Union’s Neo-Byzantine Approach to Eastern Enlargement2002Inngår i: International Politics, ISSN 1384-5748, E-ISSN 1740-3898, Vol. 39, nr 1, s. 37-52Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes a critical view of EU enlargement as thus far undertaken. First, it suggests that there are parallels between the diplomacy applied by Brussels toward Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and that of medieval Byzantium vis-à-vis its hinterland. Second, and by turning to the contemporary process of EU expansion, it explores structural reasons for CEE states, legally and politically, rarely being treated as subjects. Third, it argues that the mere prospect of eastward enlargement already has brought about significant democratization and institutionalization of the rule of law, outside as well as within the EU. Nevertheless, this article concludes by cautioning that the double challenge of entrenched West European interests and neglect of CEE problems and sensitivities on the part of Brussels might still disrupt the process.

  • 500.
    Engelbrekt, Kjell
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Political studies in the vortex: the legacies of Meinecke, Schmitt and Voegelin2003Inngår i: Transitions: in honour of Kjell Goldmann / [ed] Jan Hallenberg, Bertil Nygren, Alexa Robertson, Stockholm: Department of Political Science, Stockholm university , 2003, s. 27-50Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
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