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  • 501.
    Ellefson, Merja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    Governmentality and the Question of Origin - Pastoral Power and Processes of Inclusion and Exclusion2003Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to raise questions about possible links between nationalism, racism, Christian heritage and processes of inclusion and exclusion, and to explore the role of communication in these processes. I will first examine the problematic concepts of nation, state, nationalism, ethnie and race. My intention is to discuss different definitions and usages of these often-used concepts. A key aspect in the question of common ancestry is the nature-culture dichotomy, that is, to what extent the national character is the result of heredity (biology or nature), and to which extent it is molded by the social environment and upbringing (culture).Secondly, I will look into the different meanings of the adjective white and into the embodiments of whiteness. My intention is also to discuss the role of whiteness in the racial imagery and in the construction of normalcy. Does whiteness affect the formation of national identity and the ways Westerners are facing Otherness? What is the relationship between whiteness and pastoral power? Foucault speaks of the role of self-examination and consciousness-guidance. What about Augustine’s idea of natural hierachies? Are these aspects in turn linked to the rationality of state? Lastly, I will look into the role of visual communication, especially that of Christian iconography. To put it short, my focus will lie on the Foucauldian concept of governmentality, which I will try to develop further.

  • 502.
    Ellefson, Merja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    "We can hear each other's thoughts". Collective, governmentality and the question of origin2003In: Media Research in Progress: JMK Conference Contributions 2002, Stockholm: Stockholm University, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK) , 2003, p. 203-224Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to discuss different definitions and usages of concepts of nation, state, nation state, race and ethnie. For example, race is generally agreed to be a social construction, but the Swedish word “ras” has stronger biological connotations than the English “race”. Racial discourses contain a complicated and changing relationship between nature and culture, which makes differentiation between “race” and “ethnie” a hair-splitting activity. The concepts of nation, state and nationalism have also proven difficult to define. Furthermore, there are no simple criteria defining Europe’s geographic or symbolic borders, since there has never been one Europe. For example, when Estonians or Poles say are pleased to be part of Europe again, what does it mean? Did they at some point stop being European? Or, does the word “European” only signify “member of EU”? Richard Dyer, in his book White (1997), asks if the white man really knows he is white. Dyer makes a distinction between white as color, skin color and symbol. The conflation of the different meanings of whiteness enables images of white supremacy and distinctions or ranking between different white ethnicities. Popular culture and media in general play an important role in discourses about origin, human nature, culture, in-groups and out-groups. Some whites are clearly whiter than other whites, just as some Swedes are more Swedish than other Swedes.

  • 503. Elomäki, Anna
    et al.
    Kantola, Johanna
    Koivunen, Anu
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, Cinema Studies.
    Ylöstalo, Hanna
    Kamppailu tasa-arvosta: tunne, asiantuntijuus ja vastarinta strategisessa valtiossa2016In: Sosiologia, ISSN 0038-1640, E-ISSN 1904-500X, Vol. 53, no 4, p. 377-395Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 504.
    Enarsson, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Grassroots niches transforming cities toward post-growth futures: A case study of the collaborative economy in Gothenburg, Sweden2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cities drive some of the most urgent sustainability challenges that societies face today, including inequality, resource consumption and climate change. Meanwhile, economic growth is increasingly being viewed as a challenge for sustainable development, generating a call for post-growth transformation. In recent years, the notion of a sharing economy has spread to cities across the globe and has been adopted as a solution for addressing multiple urban sustainability challenges. The sharing economy is often associated with multinational corporations such as Airbnb and Uber, however, there is a parallel movement of emerging social practices. This study investigates the case of the multi-actor sharing economy in Gothenburg, Sweden, in order to assess the capacity of an emerging grassroots movement to contribute to economic transformation towards a post-growth model. The findings demonstrate how the grassroots movement show potential for radical change as they adopt and replicate goals and visions aligning with post-growth transformations. Further, the results show how the movement is reconfiguring urban governance relations through i) transformative leaders and ii) intermediary organizations enabling cross-sectorial actor relations to emerge. However, the findings also point to emerging risks of disempowerment and limited capacity of grassroots which induce three policy suggestions to strengthen the transformative capacity of the movement. These are to i) organize multi-actor exercises that foster collective visions, ii) support the development of co-operative business models for grassroots, and iii) establish a Community Support Centre. The study concludes that Gothenburg is an example of a type of sharing economy with potential for post-growth transformation.

  • 505.
    Engdahl, Ingrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Barnen som subjekt: barnen i Skollagen2010In: Förskoletidningen, ISSN 1402-7135, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 20-24Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Skollagen innehåller några paragrafer som riktar sig direkt till barnen, vilket alltså tillskriver barnen som individer vissa rättigheter. Andra paragrafer vänder sig till huvudmän, personal och föräldrar med krav på vad som ska gälla för förskola och förskolebarn. Här lyfts vissa delar i skollagen ur barnens perspektiv.

  • 506.
    Engdahl, Ingrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Bilden av barnet varierar2005In: Förskoletidningen, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 28-35Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Vuxenvärldens föreställningar om barnet skiftar genom tiderna. Dessa föreställningar, hur vi ser på barnen, är oerhört betydelsefulla för hur vi skapar möjligheter för barn att växa på alla sätt. Barnsynen i olika styrdokument har naturligtvis påverkat både pedagogerna och pedagogiken.

  • 507.
    Engdahl, Ingrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Förskolepedagogisk undervisning: Skollagen talar om undervisning2010In: Förskoletidningen, ISSN 1402-7135, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 25-29Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Undervisning – förskollärarens yrkesutövning.  Ja, vad är det annars vi gör i förskolan? Men vi brukar inte kalla förskolans verksamhet för undervisning och begreppet har viss belastning sedan gammalt med vuxenstyrd förmedlingspedagogik i botten. Därför måste synen på den förskolepedagogiska undervisningen breddas och bli förskolans egen.

  • 508.
    Engdahl, Ingrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Infants and Toddlers in Swedish Preschools2005In: European OMEP Conference in Brno, Czech Republic, April 2005, 2005, p. 12-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, many parents now choose full-day preschool for their children when they start working after their period of parental leave, 41 % of the 1-year-olds and 78% of the 2-year-olds (2003). The educational programme follows the National Curriculum for the Pre-school from 1998, where tasks, goals and guidelines are jointly described for children 1-5 years old.

    EDUCARE - a combination of education and caring states to pre-schools to organise a good playful environment meeting the interests and needs of the children and at the same time meeting the needs from the parents, taking good care of the children, and from the society, enabling parents to go to work.

    With reference to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, you must recognise the child as a human being with her/his own rights. Children are no longer viewed as objects, to be taken care of by adults. Children are active and intentional subjects. Their construction of knowledge emanates from their own experiences. It involves the whole body and is at the same time both social and cultural. Learning is always taking place in a context, social, physical and psychological. A sense of exploration, curiosity and desire to learn should form the foundations for the educational activities. These should be based on the child’s experiences, interests, needs and views. The flow of the children’s thoughts and ideas should be used to create variety in learning.

    Play in a curriculum directed pre-school must be related to the objects of learning and the content worked on, otherwise children might as well play at home. Just as development and learning are now seen as a joint, intertwined process, maybe early childhood education in the next decade will be built on an integration of play and learning.

    Research points out, in addition to the structural framework, some important quality factors for working with infants and toddlers; how you look upon the children, how you look upon the concepts of knowledge and learning, the emotional climate and children’s involvement.

  • 509.
    Engdahl, Ingrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Jordens framtid samt Barns intresse för hållbar utveckling2007In: Förskoletidningen, Vol. 32, no 5, p. 13-17, 51Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Att arbeta med barns lärande för hållbar utveckling utgör en viktig perspektivförskjutning för förskolans arbete. Vi har styrdokument som visar vägen, men vi måste själva skapa egen kunskap och medvetenhet om hur frågor om hållbar utveckling blir ständigt närvarande i förskolans vardag.

    Lärande för hållbar utveckling (LHU) är en uppgift för hela utbildningsväsendet – från förskola till högskola och vuxenutbildning. Den svenska riksdagen har fastställt en politik för global utveckling som ska genomsyra hela samhället. LHU innehåller tre integrerade delar – ekologisk, ekonomisk och social/kulturell och det är just kombinationen av dessa delar som karaktäriserar LHU. Dessutom ska LHU alltid genomföras på ett demokratiskt sätt, så att alla deltagare, barn och lärare, har inflytande och är delaktiga i processen och får handlingskompetens för framtiden. Svensk förskola har en stark utomhustradition och vi har även Allemansrätten som stöd för vårt friluftsliv. Vi går ut och vi går ut i naturen med barnen regelbundet. Läroplanen innehåller mål för ansvarstagande och delaktighet och för arbete med miljön och naturen. Uppdraget utgår från grundläggande värden vilket också handlar om hållbar utveckling.

  • 510.
    Engdahl, Ingrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Med barnens röst2008In: Förskoletidningen, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 9-18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här artikeln "berättar" ettåringar om sin vardag i förskolan. Med kroppsspråk, åtbörder och beteende kommunicerar de sina intentioner och pedagogen kan lyssna in, tolka och klä i ord det barnen meddelar. Artikeln bygger på licentiatuppsatsen Med barnens röst. Ettåringar "berättar" om sin förskola.

  • 511.
    Engdahl, Ingrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies. Stockholm University, The Stockholm Institute of Education, Department of Human Development, Learning and Special Education .
    Med barnens röst: Ettåringar "berättar" om sin förskola2007Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    In the children’s voice

    One-year-olds “tell” about their preschool

    The overall aim of this study is to advance the child’s perspective. This is done by a study of one-year-olds in a toddler unit in a Swedish municipal preschool, located in a multicultural suburb in the city of Stockholm. A full day preschool programme is common today in Sweden. More than 40 percent of the one-year-olds and more than 80 percent of the two-year-olds take part in preschool education. The National Curriculum for the Preschool describes the preschool child¬ren (aged 1–6 years) as active participants, and gives them the equal rights to come up with ideas and to influence the activities and the environment.

    The study is theoretically placed within phenomenology. One’s perception forms images of different phenomenon in the everyday life of the children, and these phenomena create the world for us. In a phenomenological study the researcher tries to describe and even to understand the life-world of the participating people. Phenomenology is well aligned with the child’s perspective. Six one-year-olds, three girls and three boys, within a toddler group of fourteen one- to three-year-olds were followed during nine months, from April to Decem-ber, 2006. Participatory observations with field notes and video re-cordings were used in the data collection. The teachers’ interaction with the children was not studied.

    The result is presented as “stories” told by the children, stories which of course are the researcher’s descriptions, based on the emerg-ing phenomena. Making up “stories” and presenting them as the chil-dren’s “stories” is a conscious choice in order to enhance the chil-dren’s perspectives. The “stories” tell about friendship among the children, shown when they give attention to each other and when they actively choose their playmates. The children play together most of the time and the play consists of continuous and repeated play ses-sions with regular interruptions, during which the children wander around the premises. Longer uninterrupted periods where the children kept focus on the same activity were also frequent.

    Key words: one-year-olds, preschool, child’s perspective, play, identity formation, friendship

  • 512.
    Engdahl, Ingrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    The Role of Early Childhood Education for a Sustainable Society.2008In: OMEP European Conference April 10-11, 2008, in Bratislava, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces learning for sustainable development as a new task for the OMEP organisation and for OMEP’s members. Sustainable development could be perceived as a new perspective for the early childhood curriculum.

    The concept is defined and discussed. A preschool project on hens and egg is presented as an illustration of how learning for sustainable development could be carried out in preschools. The children were encouraged by their teachers to explore questions about life and death, about the life of hens and the different conditions hens have. With the help of continuous pedagogical documentation and an enquiry-based approach the teachers organised rich learning opportunities. The children were active and involved and the projected also resulted in changes in the economic routines for the preschools and schools in Värmdö.

    As a conclusion learning for life is suggested as a possible guideline for early childhood education and care. The six R:s, Reduce, Reuse, Repair, Recycle, Respect and Refuse, also reach out towards sustainability and could serve as Reminders for the every-day activities.

  • 513.
    Engdahl, Ingrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Välbefinnande och engagemang2004In: Förskoletidningen, Vol. 29, no 5, p. 23-27Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur kan man förstå läroplanens skrivningar om att verksamheten ska vara rolig? Ingrid Engdahl resonerar utifrån läroplanen och sätter den i relation till en belgisk studie om barns engagemang.

    Vid universitetet i Leuven i Belgien pågår sedan drygt 10 år tillbaka ett forsknings- och utvecklingsprojekt inom förskolan kallat Experiential Education - EXE. Experiential kan översättas med några av de ord vi känner igen från förskolans läroplan, exempelvis utforskande och upplevelsebaserat. Professor Ferdinand Laevers lyfter fram betydelsen av att man fokuserar processen snarare än resultatet om man vill bedöma kvalitet i pedagogisk verksamhet.

  • 514.
    Engdahl, Ingrid
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Rabusicova, Milada
    OMEP World Project on Education for Sustainable Development in Practice: Excellence and Equity in Early Childhood Education and Care in Europe2012In: Chapter in an Anthology / [ed] Ewa Lewandovska, Anna Wrobel, Warzaw: OMEP Poland National Committee , 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The article presents some initiatives talen bythe European Commission on early childhood education and care. A summary is given of the relation between ESD and ECEC and some basic principles for high quality pedagogy. Examples from a large World Project on Education for Sustainable Development within Early Childhood will be presented. The project was organised by OMEP, the World Organisation for Early Childhood Education, where the authors have served as project leaders.

  • 515.
    Engdahl, Ingrid
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Ärlemalm-Hagsér, Eva
    Swedish preschool children show interest and are involved in the future of the world: Children’s voices must influence education for sustainable development (ESD)2008In: The contribution of early childhood education to a sustainable society, UNESCO, Paris , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish preschools, full day offers for children aged 1-6 years, have a long tradition of outdoor education and a curriculum that specifies goals concerning the environment, the nature and democratic values. The National Curriculum especially stresses the importance of children’s influence in the daily activities and the task to promote gender equity for girls and boys and for the teachers.

    In this article we will first tell about the specific task for Swedish pre-schools as it is stated in the national curriculum. Then we will describe a theme based project about life, hens and eggs from Långvik’s pre-school outside Stockholm, Sweden, and a research project with a gender perspective on out-door education from Mälardalen University. Finally, we point out the very important role teachers’ play and thus suggest reformed Teacher Education Programmes incorporating questions linked to education for sustainable development and to the importance of children’s influence and participation.

  • 516. Engdahl, Karin
    et al.
    Brodin, Jane
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Lindstrand, Peg
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Play and Interaction in two preschool yards2006In: Interaction in Outdoor Play Environments: Gender, culture and learning (J. Brodin & P. Lindstrand (2006) (Eds.), Inst. för barn- och ungdomsvetenskap, 2006, , p. 75Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on children's outdoor play environments.

  • 517.
    Engdahl, Natalie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Children's Rights in Corporate Responsibility: A Study of Child Construction in the Policies of Swedish Companies2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the construction of children and children’s rights in the context of corporate responsibility. Businesses often work with children in their philanthropic work, but have not been expected to integrate children’s rights in their core activities. The relationship between businesses and children is therefore poorly understood. This study aims to develop a better understanding of this relationship by studying the construction of children in corporate responsibility policies and website presentations. The point of departure for the analysis is that children are a minority group, meaning that they share certain characteristics and face shared problems.

    In order to do this, CSR theories and previous CSR research is presented from a children’s rights perspective, which provides a theoretical framework for the empirical analysis. The analysis examines cases of current relationships between businesses and children. This is done by analyzing the construction of children in the corporate responsibility policies of six companies. In order to structure the analysis, a categorization system is used which defines six distinct relationships between business and children.

    The study found that the internal disagreements within the field of CSR has significant implications on children’s rights and their resolution is necessary for true integration of children’s rights into CSR. Further, the children were constructed vastly differently between the companies as well as between the categories. The relationship is also contingent upon the general recognition of responsibilities by a company. 

  • 518.
    Engström, Elin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Internationella Kvinnodagen: En intersektionell analys av dagens uppmärksammande i Sverige 20172017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur Internationella Kvinnodagen uppmärksammas i

    Sverige 2017. Vilka frågor är centrala, vilken form har evenemangen och vem inkluderas är

    frågorna som jag ämnar besvara. Som metod har jag använt mig av dokumentstudier samt

    observation på Internet (Facebook) där 8:e mars evenemang från olika orter i Sverige utgjort

    studiens material. De teoretiska förståelseramar som legat till grund för analysen består

    framförallt av Chandra Mohantys teori om intersektionalitet och problematiken kring ett

    ”globalt systerskap”, Sara Ahmeds teori om ”rummets orientering”, dvs hur rum är

    orienterade efter de kroppar som är tänkta att vistas där och hur världen görs otillgänglig för

    vissa kroppar. Jag använder mig även av Jonas Engmans teori om demonstrationer som

    politisk ritual. I analysen visar jag hur evenemangens utformning vittnar om olika perspektiv

    på ideologi och samhällsförändring. Jag visar även hur personer och kroppar inkluderas och

    exkluderas genom den direkta miljön och det indirekta perspektivet (vems erfarenheter och

    intressen som prioriteras). Studien visar att det råder stor mångfald bland de frågor som tas

    upp i de olika evenemangen under dagen. Min tolkning av detta är att mediet Facebook

    möjliggör för även privatpersoner och mindre etablerade organisationer att skapa egna

    evenemang och själva lyfta sina frågor.

    Nyckelord: Intersektionalitet, Internationella Kvinnodagen, 8:e mars, politiska ritualer,

    demonstration, feministiska aktioner, tillgänglighet och inkludering.

  • 519.
    Enquist, Håkan
    et al.
    Gothenburg Univ. Dep. of Informatics.
    Magnusson, Johan
    Gothenburg Univ. Dep. of Informatics.
    Nilsson, Andreas
    Gothenburg University, Dep. of Informatics .
    Change management implications for network organizations2004In: Proceedings of the 37th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences Volume 37, 2004, Article numberCLDKM04, Pages 397-406 / [ed] Sprague Jr. R.H, IEEE Computer Society, 2004, p. 397-406Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigatepossible change management implicationsfor networks organizations. This is achievedthrough applying six Critical ManagementIssues (CMI’s) from the changemanagement framework DELTA on ataxonomy consisting of three generic typesof network organizations. The paper is builton an empirical base comprised of over 150expert interviews and 121 questionnairerespondents. Questionnaire respondents andinterviewed experts represent middle to topmanagement of companies of all sizesinvolved in networks. The results show thatthe framework applied to the changemanagement in the different networkshighlights and addresses differentmanagement activities per CMI. Given this,we discuss the differences in managerialimplications that the framework identifiesfor the different types of networks.

  • 520.
    Enquist, Håkan
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Magnusson, Johan
    University of Gothenburg.
    Nilsson, Andreas
    University of Gothenburg.
    DELTA, an architecture for management of enterprise development2006In: Proceedings of the 14th European Conference on Information Systems, ECIS 2006 2006, 12p, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Management of enterprise development refers to the complex task of transforming an enterprise fromone state to another (desirable) state in a controlled manner. This paper presents a framework thatenables the systematization of empirical as well as theoretical knowledge contributions relevant formanagement of enterprise development. The framework is validated theoretically as well asempirically. The framework has proved effective to systemize and relate this variety of issues andprovide a tool for comprehensibility for practitioners trying to grasp the development situation inwhich they engage. The framework is a valid foundation for elaborating a knowledgebase supportingthe management of enterprise and IS development in complex organisations.

  • 521.
    Enqvist, Johan
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Environmental Activism in India’s Garden City: The Role of Civil Society Networks for Governance of Urban Social-Ecological Systems in the Global South2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As urban ecosystem services have considerable impact on human well-being, sustainable management of urban green spaces is increasingly important. Previous studies indicate thatinvolving civil society in governance might help overcome some of the many complex challengesinvolved. However, research so far rarely focuses on cities in the Global South, where most of thefuture population growth is projected to take place. In Bangalore, India, a network of citizens isworking to monitor and protect greenery and other urban commons in streets and public spaces.This study combines interviews and social network analysis to describe the function and activitiesof this environmental movement. The results show a network with a core of more active and well connected members, and a large periphery of heterogeneous actors with some links to the core but few among themselves. The periphery is an asset for monitoring the fragmented urban ecosystemand provides a diversity of information, ideas and knowledge. However, as the group grows thesparsity of links outside the core complicates democratic participation and deliberation, causingdifficulties for consensus-building and decision-making. Results further show that the core group isless focused on collaboration with government city officials compared to similar cases in countries in the North. Instead, its ability to connect to local residents and civil society groups is of crucialimportance for legitimizing claims and gaining support in campaigns. Understanding this “sociallegitimacy” could be crucial for the governance of urban social-ecological systems in the South.

  • 522.
    Enqvist, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Stewardship in an urban world: Civic engagement and human–nature relations in the Anthropocene2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Never before have humans wielded a greater ability to alter and disrupt planetary processes. Our impact is becoming so noticeable that a new geological epoch has been proposed – the Anthropocene – in which Earth systems might no longer maintain the stable and predictable conditions of the past 12 millennia. This is particularly evident in the rapid expansion of urban areas, where a majority of humans now live and where environmental changes such as rising temperatures and habitat loss are happening faster than elsewhere.  In light of this, questions have been raised about what a more responsible relationship between humans and the rest of the planet might look like. Scholars in sustainability science employ the concept of ‘stewardship’ in searching for an answer; however, with multiple different applications and definitions, there is a need to better understand what stewardship is or what novelty it might add to sustainability research. This thesis investigates stewardship empirically through two case studies of civic engagement for protecting nature in cities – Bengaluru, India and New York City, USA. Further, the thesis also proposes a conceptual framework for how to understand stewardship as a relation between humans and the rest of nature, based on three dimensions: care, knowledge and agency. This investigation into stewardship in the urban context uses a social–ecological systems approach to guide the use of mixed theory and methods from social and natural sciences. The thesis is organized in five papers. Paper I reviews defining challenges in managing urban social–ecological systems and proposes that these can more effectively be addressed by collaborative networks where public, civic, other actors contribute unique skills and abilities. Paper II and Paper III study water resource governance in Bengaluru, a city that has become dependent on external sources while its own water bodies become degraded and depleted.Paper II analyzes how locally based ‘lake groups’ are able to affect change through co-management arrangements, reversing decades of centralization and neglect of lakes’ role in Bengaluru’s water supply.Paper III uses social–ecological network analysis to analyze how patterns in lake groups’ engagements and collaborations show better fit with ecological connectivity of lakes.Paper IV employs sense of place methods to explore how personal bonds to a site shapes motivation and goals in waterfront stewardship in New York City. Finally,Paper V reviews literature on stewardship and proposes a conceptual framework to understand and relate different uses and underlying epistemological approaches in the field. In summary, this thesis presents an empirically grounded contribution to how stewardship can be understood as a human–nature relation emergent from a deep sense ofcare and responsibility, knowledge and learning about how to understand social–ecological dynamics, and theagency and skills needed to influence these dynamics in a way that benefits a greater community of humans as others. Here, the care dimension is particularly important as an underappreciated aspect of social–ecological relations, and asset for addressing spatial and temporal misalignment between management institutions and ecosystem. This thesis shows that care for nature does not erode just because green spaces are degraded by human activities – which may be crucial for promoting stewardship in the Anthropocene.

  • 523.
    Erdélyi, Orsolya
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Sustainability and organic farming in the light of conventions theory: The example of the Hungarian organic sector2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The globalization and industrialization of food sector created a need for food traceability. Alternative food networks, such as organic farming, can serve this purpose by offering an alternative to the conventional food and by regaining the trust between the producer and the consumer.Organic agriculture is assumed to be more sustainable than the industrial one. However, there is a misconception of the concepts “sustainable agriculture” and “organic farming”. In Hungary the contradiction of high export of organic raw materials and high import of processed organic food from the main export countries was experienced in the 1990s. But lately the import volume decreased, and the high export remained combined with low domestic organic consumption.It is important to see how the actors involved in the organic sector perceive the sustainability of the Hungarian organic sector. The research question is: How do different actors perceive sustainability in the Hungarian organic food sector in the light of conventions theory? In order to find the answer 10 actors with different profiles were interviewed. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were carried out.Seven different conventions based on Thévenot et al. (2000) served as the analytical tool. The respondents showed low understanding of such concepts as sustainability and sustainable agriculture, as well as their contribution to sustainable development.A main conclusion of the study is that the actors closer to the field, i.e. farmers and food processing companies, show more consideration towards the environment, rural development and sustainability. Green, domestic and civic conventions are for them as important as market and industrial conventions.

  • 524.
    Ericson, Agnes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Fotboll och jämställdhet – ett spel för kulisserna?: En studie av hur jämställdhet framställs i fotbollsföreningars värdegrunder och verksamhetsberättelser.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie har ett specialidrottsförbund och tre fotbollsföreningars värdegrunder och verksamhetsberättelser undersökts för att se hur jämställdhet framställs av dessa fyra föreningar och hur de arbetar med jämställdhet i praktiken. Specialidrottsförbundet är Svenska fotbollförbundet som bland annat har ansvar för Sveriges dam- och herrlandslag. De tre fotbollsföreningarna som studien inkluderar kommer alla från Stockholm och har elitlag på både dam- och herrsidan. Resultatet som kunde avläsas var att alla föreningar ville visa en bild av sig själva där de arbetade för jämställdhet och vid en första anblick på respektive verksamhetsberättelse så såg det ut att stämma. När det sedan gjordes en analys av de ord som i studien först läses som neutrala så framkom det att nästan hälften av dessa ord används i en manlig kontext och att män tar mest plats i verksamhetsberättelserna. 

  • 525.
    Ericson, Hans
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Öberg, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Roller, förhållningssätt och strategier: - en del av grupparbetet.2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I vår kvalitativa undersökning har vi utifrån observationer av ett grupparbete studerat elevers interaktion. Våra forskningsfrågor gällande roller, förhållningssätt och kommunikativa strategier har varit grunden för vår analys. Vi observerade en grupp elever i årskurs 4 vid två tillfällen. Under observationerna använde vi oss av videokamera och kompletterade med loggboksanteckningar. Filminspelningarna och anteckningarna bearbetades och intressanta sekvenser valdes ut som transkriberades. Ur ett relationellt perspektiv sker ett samspel med alla i gruppen. Resultatet visar att två elever tilldelades och intog roller som dominanta i gruppen. Vilket innebar att å ena sidan gav de andra i gruppen två elever dominant utrymme, å andra sidan intog de andra och fick roller som bidrog till att arbetet fördes framåt. Alla i gruppen använde olika kommunikativa strategier i samtalen, de dominanta eleverna var mer skickliga på att få igenom sin vilja med hjälp av dessa kommunikativa strategier. Vi tolkar även att de dominanta elevernas förhållningsätt kan påverka arbetets framfart, då de elever som inte var dominanta hade svårt att få gehör för sina förslag som enligt vår tolkning kunde ha varit lika värdefulla för att lösa uppgiften. Vår studie visar att den interaktion som förekom mellan eleverna kan ge oss blivande lärare kunskap om roller, förhållningssätt och kommunikativa strategier i en grupprocess. I förlängningen kan den förståelsen ligga till grund för att hjälpa elever att utvecklas sin kommunikativa förmåga i dialog med andra.

  • 526.
    Ericson, Lisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Center for Gender Studies.
     Från könlös och avsexualiserad till sexuell och kåt:  En intersektionell studie om sexualitet och funktionshinderskap utifrån ett cripteoretiskt perspektiv2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is based on qualitative semi-structured interviews with persons who have physical impairments and their knowledge and experience regarding disability, sexuality and gender.

    In many contexts physical ability remains unmarked. In the context of body abilities, a function able body is the norm. The study is grounded in Robert McRuers crip theory. The aim of the thesis is to investigate the ideas of how a normal body should look like, behave and express its sexuality and gender. How these ideas may influence the bodies and actions that try to challenge the norm. By focusing on the informants stories, I reveal and highlight, belittling norms and discourses that render various subjects as asexual and genderless. I show with these stories a possibility for resistance against the norm and these discourses. In their stories they make references to what they think is respectable sexuality and the normate body. Who has the right to claim that body? The informants take action against the norm by making themselves attractive, feminine/masculine, sexual and acquisitive. In the end it all comes down to which bodies that have the right to express themselves as sexual.

  • 527. Eriksson, Bengt Erik
    et al.
    Holmqvist, MikaelStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Business School.Sohl, Lena
    Eliter i Sverige - Tvärvetenskapliga perspektiv på makt, status och klass2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 528.
    Eriksson, Christine
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Sand, Monica
    Belonging in transience: Vocal mapping for a commuting preschool practice2018In: Emotion, Space and Society, ISSN 1755-4586, E-ISSN 1878-0040, Vol. 29, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores and elaborates art theorist Miwon Kwon's (2004) concept of belonging-in-transience through placing a preschool practice in the urban transport system and ask how toddlers can belong in public space. Belonging-in-transience is here seen as a collectively shared emotion system that can be described as ambivalent pre-personal intensities of emotions not yet stated. When a small group of preschool toddlers enters the public transport system - what the anthropologist Marc Auge terms non-places that lack particular shared cultural and social meaning - they both integrate into the routines and rhythms and intervene with the practice of traveling. The article outlines how belonging-in-transience consist of multiple ways to belong that always emerge in and through specific situations and places at hand. The methodological concepts vocal mappings and voice belongings, was developed as a way to delineate how the toddlers orientated themselves in the feeling of belonging through experimentations. Voice belonging and vocal mapping expose belonging as reciprocally dependent on the situation that at the same time influences possible ways of belonging.

  • 529.
    Eriksson, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Förhandlingsplanering i realiteten: En fallstudie över Annedals planeringsprocess2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie ämnar undersöka hur den reella makten över ett områdes fysiska utformning kan konstrueras och ta sig i uttryck genom informella nätverk och förhandlingsplanering. Resultatet diskuteras sedan utifrån ett demokratiskt perspektiv. Undersökningen sker genom att med kvalitativa metoder undersöka den planeringsprocess som skulle leda fram till Annedal, ett pågående nybyggnadsprojekt i Stockholms kommun. Den huvudsakliga källan till empiriskt material har varit genom intervjuer och samtal med personer som varit centrala aktörer inom Annedals planeringsprocess. Undersökningens empiri analyseras genom de teoretiska begreppen governance och rationalitet för att undersöka de nätverk inom vilka makten över kommunens fysiska utformning kan konstrueras, samt hur rationalitet används som ett verktyg för att forma det fysiska rummet. Resultatet har bland annat visat att Annedal till stora delar formats och tillkommit genom informella förhandlingar och nätverk mellan Stockholms kommun och det privata näringslivet, utan demokratisk insyn.  

  • 530.
    Eriksson, Emilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    A religious child or a child of religious parents?: An analysis of the circumcision debate in Sweden2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis set out to study the debate on circumcision of boys in Sweden. The study concerns itself with how categories and positions become rhetorical resources in the debate and how categories andpositions thus are made relevant. In order to get at what is made possible through the use of theserhetorical recourses this study has analyzed debate articles, official Swedish governmental documentsand the United Nations Conventions on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC). Three interpretativerepertoires surfaced as distinct in this material and they are; Religious identity and belonging,medicine and the UNCRC. The analysis will therefore be structured and guided by these repertoires.As the debate is centred around the Human Rights Paradigm there is an ingrained ideological dilemmain the debate that can be explained as the tension between a Universal and a Cultural relativisticinterpretation of Human Rights. This tension will be discussed throughout the study. Severalconclusions can be drawn from the analysis: The various and contradictory positions allowed for bythe use of the UNCRC makes it an elusive tool in both theory and practice. The ideological dilemmatends to coerce the participants into opposing positions and even question the rhetorical tools utilizedin the debate. The child surfaces in various categories and at the end of this thesis the question remain;Is it a religious child or is it a child of religious parents?

  • 531.
    Eriksson, Joel
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Fladvad, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    TRÄNINGSMÄNGDENS BETYDELSE VID DATORSTÖDD ARBETSMINNESTRÄNING FÖR NIO- TILL TRETTONÅRIGA BARN2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Låg arbetsminneskapacitet hos barn medför ofta svårigheter med attlära sig läsa, skriva, räkna och problemlösa. Barnen kan ävenuppfattas som disträa och glömska. Datorstödd arbetsminnesträninghar visats förbättra prestationer dels på programspecifika ochgeneraliserade arbetsminnestester samt tros påverka beteende. Dennastudie utreder huruvida träningsmängd, mätt i antal repetitioner ochtid, påverkar träningsutfallet. 23 barn med undergenomsnittligarbetsminneskapacitet inkluderades. Av dessa randomiserades 22 barntill att antingen utföra 42 eller 84 repetitioner fördelade på sexövningar med självjusterande svårighetsgrad iarbetsminneträningsprogrammet ”Minneslek Flex”. Barnen tränadeantingen i skola (n=6) eller hemma (n=16) vid minst 22 tillfällenunder en fem- till sexveckors period. Fem avhopp skedde i det längreprogrammet. 17 barn kom att delta i eftermätningarna.Arbetsminneskapaciteten förbättrades signifikant av träningen.Träningsmängden hade inte någon påverkan på denna förbättring.Några beteendeförändringar kunde inte heller skönjas. Fyndenindikerar att en mindre träningsmängd räcker med möjlig implikationatt fler barn potentiellt kan uppskatta att ta del av dylik träning.

  • 532.
    Eriksson, Kimmo
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Björnstjerna, Marie
    Vartanova, Irina
    The Relation Between Gender Egalitarian Values and Gender Differences in Academic Achievement2020In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 11, article id 236Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender differences in achievement exhibit variation between domains and between countries. Much prior research has examined whether this variation could be due to variation in gender equality in opportunities, with mixed results. Here we focus instead on the role of a society's values about gender equality, which may have a more pervasive influence. We pooled all available country measures on adolescent boys' and girls' academic achievement between 2000 and 2015 from the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) and Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) assessments of math, science, and reading. We then analyzed the relation between gender differences and country levels of gender egalitarian values, controlling for country levels of living standards and indicators of gender equality in opportunities. Gender egalitarian values came out as the most important predictor. Specifically, more gender egalitarian values were associated with improved performance of boys relative to girls in the same countries. This pattern held in reading, where boys globally perform substantially worse than girls, as well as in math and science where gender differences in performance are small and may favor either boys or girls. Our findings suggest a previously underappreciated role of cultural values in moderating gender gaps in academic achievement.

  • 533.
    Eriksson, Kimmo
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for the Study of Cultural Evolution. Mälardalen University .
    Martin, Chris C.
    Emory University.
    Who Accurately Predicted the End of the Government Shutdown?2015In: Social Science Research Network, ISSN 1556-5068Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In October 2013, the US government was shut down because of a stalled budget bill, and uncertainty prevailed regarding the end of the shutdown. Four days before the shutdown ended, we conducted a study on Mechanical Turk (N = 225) to investigate which individual differences were associated with accurate predictions of the shutdown’s end. The most accurate forecasts were made by people who were politically knowledgeable and politically engaged. Selfconfidence (in one’s forecast) and generalized trust were also positively associated with accuracy, but optimism was not. Conservatives were expected to predict later end dates, yet conservatism neither predicted inaccuracy nor moderated the other effects. These findings suggest that in at least some political forecasts, ideology may play a trivial role.

  • 534.
    Eriksson, Kimmo
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for the Study of Cultural Evolution. Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Simpson, Brent
    Editorial Decisions May Perpetuate Belief in Invalid Research Findings2013In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 9, article id e73364Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social psychology and related disciplines are seeing a resurgence of interest in replication, as well as actual replication efforts. But prior work suggests that even a clear demonstration that a finding is invalid often fails to shake acceptance of the finding. This threatens the full impact of these replication efforts. Here we show that the actions of two key players journal editors and the authors of original (invalidated) research findings - are critical to the broader public's continued belief in an invalidated research conclusion. Across three experiments, we show that belief in an invalidated finding falls sharply when a critical failed replication is published in the same - versus different - journal as the original finding, and when the authors of the original finding acknowledge that the new findings invalidate their conclusions. We conclude by discussing policy implications of our key findings.

  • 535.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Looking into the future: Becoming Feminine Gendered Bodywork among Swedish upper secondary School Girls2019In: Rethinking Knowledge Regimes: Solidarities and Contestations, Gothenburg: Swedish Secretariat for Gender Research , 2019, p. 55-56Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 536.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Synlig tystnad: Visuella gestaltningar av femininintet och ras i bilddidaktiska praktiker2019In: NEÄL 2019: Aesthetic Experiences in Education, 2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I det här papret lyfts ett empiriskt exempel kring bildundervisning på gymnasienivå i svensk skolkontext vilket analyserar blickar, kroppar och vithet i en bildundervisning fylld av färg. Genom att ta kritiska vithetsstudier med intresse för skola i bruk konstaterar jag hur en urban skola med högt söktryck är ett s.k. vitt rum (jfr Ahmed, 2011), men också hur tal om hudfärg eller kroppar fysiska yttre i en antirasistisk kontext blir riskabelt. Empirin omfattar eleversoch lärares interaktioner kring en skoluppgift på temat förtryck och motstånd, och består av elevernas bildarbete –en konstfilm –min egen videodokumentation av bildlektionerna samt fältanteckningar. För att undersöka vithetens rum, vita blickar och kroppars färg använder jag det antiessentialistiska begrepp ras som analytiskt verktyg. Papret ger en analys av hur ras brukas genom blickar och visuell gestaltning inom skolans formella praktik men aktivt tystas när lärare och elever talar om det visuella uttrycket. Genom att belysa lärandesituationerna vill jag i det här papret diskutera hur elevernas kroppar estetiseras, tillskrivs föreställningar och brukas som visuella resurser. Jag vill uppmärksamma ett didaktiskt dilemma där feministiska och antirasistiska intentioner i bilddidaktisk praktik kan locka fram visuellt uppmuntrad andrefiering parad med tystnad.

  • 537. Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Gottzén, Lucas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Andersson Bruck, Kjerstin
    Franzén, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Lindberg, Daniel
    Utvärdering av Mentorer i våldsprevention: Slutrapport2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten presenterar resultaten från en utvärdering av det våldsförebyggande programmet Mentorer i våldsprevention (MVP). Programmet Mentors in Violence Prevention kommer från USA och är ett utbildningsprogram som syftar till att förebygga killars och mäns våld. Organisationen Män för Jämställdhet har översatt programmet från engelska, anpassat det till svenska förhållanden och under perioden 2015-2017 spridit MVP i ett antal skolor i Sverige inom ramen för projektet ”En kommun fri från våld”. Det är den version av MVP som Män för Jämställdhet utvecklat och sprider som den här utvärderingen berör. Utvärderingen har genomförts på uppdrag av Skolverket.

  • 538.
    Eriksson, Therese
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ingman, Pernilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Jag vill aldrig vara som han eller hon eller vad det är!: Barns subjekts- och könsskapande under ett boksamtal kring en normbrytande barnbok2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 539.
    Eriksson, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Resisting feminised precarity: Farm workers in post-strike Western Cape, South Africa2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation seeks to contribute to the body of research on gender, neoliberal globalisation and work, and on the forms of resistance people engage in within a deeply unequal global order. It was devised in relation to developments during and after widespread, unprecedented labour and social protests among farm workers in export-oriented agriculture in the Western Cape, South Africa, 2012–2013. The protests, referred to in popular discourse as the ‘farm worker strike’, are widely held to have been spearheaded by people in the most precarious positions: seasonal workers, including migrants both from within and outside South Africa, many of whom were women. The dissertation draws on multi-sited ethnography conducted among farm workers in several of the areas to which the protests spread, during what I refer to as the post-strike moment.

    The aim of the study is to contribute to an understanding of differently positioned farm workers’ experiences of work and life precarity, organising and resistance – as well as to the interlinkages between these phenomena. Using intersectionality as an ‘analytic sensibility’, the dissertation explores how power relations linked to gender, race/ethnicity and nationality/migration status may be understood as shaped by, and contributing to shaping, work and life precarity. It also looks at how these hierarchies are articulated through labour regimes on farms and through workers’ resistance. Moreover, it interrogates labour activism as a route to resisting not only socio-economic deprivation and apartheid legacies, but further to restoring a sense of dignity (of labour).

    The dissertation engages with various broader theoretical discussions. It deliberates on the overlaps between the notions of feminisation of labour, precarious work and precarity – conceiving of precarity as a feminised phenomenon. Experiences of precarity in the Western Cape farmlands, it suggests, are shaped by the devaluing of some workers, linked to racism, sexism and global inequalities, as well as to historical and contemporary processes of dispossession. The dissertation also describes how (some) female farm workers, through presenting themselves as knowledgeable about their rights, and through accentuating feminised aspects of care and responsibility in their activism, position themselves as respectable. Furthermore, through identifying silences and exclusions in representations of farm workers, it contributes to writing black/African female migrant workers back into the strike narrative as important and militant actors. Finally, the dissertation argues that attention to multiple forms of violence – slow, structural, symbolic and direct – and the violence of globalisation under neoliberalism is crucial in order to understand the messy and violent aspects of the ‘farm worker strike’. Importantly, it explores these topics as informed by broader global developments, through which power, control and the retention of value are increasingly placed outside of the deeply unequal spaces that constitute commercial farming areas, discussing links with Sweden as a destination for South African wine and deciduous fruit.

  • 540.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Weaving protective stories:  connective practices to articulate holistic values in Stockholm National Urban Park2009In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 41, no 6, p. 1460-1479Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With rapid worldwide urbanization it is urgent that we understand processes leading to the protection of urban green areas and ecosystems. Although natural reserves are often seen as preserving 'higher valued' rather than 'lower valued' nature, it is more adequate to describe them as outcomes of selective social articulation processes. This is illustrated in the Stockholm National Urban Park. Despite strong exploitation pressure, a diverse urban movement of civil society organizations has managed to provide narratives able to explain and legitimize the need for protection-a 'protective story'. On the basis of qualitative data and building on theories of value articulation, social movements, and actor-networks, we show how activists, by interlacing artefacts and discourses from cultural history and conservation biology, managed to simultaneously link spatially separated green areas previously seen as disconnected, while also articulating the interrelatedness between the cultural and the natural history of the area. This connective practice constructed holistic values articulating a unified park, which heavily influenced the official framing of the park's values and which now help to explain the success of the movement. In contrast to historically top-down-led designation of natural reserves, we argue that the involvement of civil society in protecting nature (and culture) is on the rise. This nonetheless begs the question of who can participate in these value-creating processes, and we also strive to uncover constraining and facilitating factors for popular participation. Four such factors are suggested: (i) the number and type of artefacts linked to an area; (ii) the capabilities and numbers of activists involved; (iii) the access to social arenas; and (iv) the social network position of actors.

  • 541.
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Ungdomar och kriminalitet2018In: Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap: grundläggande perspektiv / [ed] Thomas Johansson, Emma Sorbring, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 558-576Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 542.
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Ungdomsbrottslighetens utveckling, omfattning och struktur2013In: Den svenska ungdomsbrottsligheten / [ed] Felipe Estrada, Janne Flyghed, Lund, 2013, p. 25-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 543.
    Estrada, Felipe
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Flyghed, JanneStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Den svenska ungdomsbrottsligheten2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 544.
    Estrada, Felipe
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Flyghed, Janne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Bäckman, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Why are occupational safety crimes increasing?2014In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, ISSN 1404-3858, E-ISSN 1651-2340, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 3-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this article is to analyse the structure of, and trends in, reported occupational safety crimes. The central focus is directed at analysing how we might understand the substantial increase in the number of reported offences witnessed during the first decade of the 21st century. In order to analyse trends in occupational safety crimes we proceed from both official crime statistics and data that have been compiled specifically for the purposes of this study, including a nationally representative sample of offence reports relating to the occupational safety crimes reported to the police. The results show that the increase in reported offenses is primarily due to a shift in definitions and in the reactions of the authorities rather than to a powerful increase in the number of actual crimes committed. This leads to the conclusion that registered occupational safety offences should first and foremost be viewed as a measure of the work of the authorities, rather than as an indicator of real crime trends.

  • 545.
    Estrada, Felipe
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Pettersson, Tove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    The female offender - A century of registered crime and daily press reporting on women’s crime2019In: Nordic Journal of Criminology, ISSN 2578-983X, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 138-156Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how women’s crime has been reflected in crime statistics and media crime reporting. We employ a long-term historical perspective, looking at developments from the beginning of the 20th century until the present. We describe the overarching processes that underlie the decline in the gender gap in convictions for theft and violent crime, respectively, at different times during the past century. The study also use a new data set comprised of newspaper articles on women’s and men’s offending published by the Swedish press between 1905 and 2015. We compare the trend in the number of articles focused on offences committed by women and men respectively, variations in the offence types that the daily press choose to report on and the overarching explanations for crime that are discussed in the articles. The results show that levels of coverage and the types of crime that attract media attention are strikingly similar for men and women, but throughout the whole period there is a greater need for the newspapers to find reasons for women’s offending. Moreover, there has been no marked increase in the press focus on women’s crime as women have comprised an increasing proportion of those convicted of criminal offences.

  • 546.
    Estrada, Felipe
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Pettersson, Tove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Assakhan, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Kvinnors brottslighet som samhällsproblem2019In: Att odla kriminologi: Perspektiv på brot och utsatthet. Festskrift till Eva Tiby / [ed] Anita Heber och Lena Roxell, Kriminologiska institutionen, SU , 2019, p. 117-134Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 547.
    Estrada, Felipe
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Pettersson, Tove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Shannon, David
    Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention, Sweden.
    Crime and criminology in Sweden2012In: European Journal of Criminology, ISSN 1477-3708, E-ISSN 1741-2609, Vol. 9, no 6, p. 668-688Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 548.
    Eto, Mikiko
    Hosei University, Japan .
    Reframing Civil Society from Gender Perspectives: A Model of a Multi-layered Seamless World2012In: Journal of Civil Society, ISSN 1744-8689, E-ISSN 1744-8697, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 101-121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to reconceptualize civil society with a particular focus on gender perspectives. Civil society, an arena of social interaction often presumed capable of fostering the empowerment of citizens, is recognized as the basis for democratic politics. To feminists, however, civil society does not necessarily have such positive connotations. Although women have been actively involved in social movements and other kinds of voluntary activities, feminist scholars have paid little attention to these activities in the context of civil society. Some feminist theorists are explicitly critical of civil society. First of all, this article examines feminist criticisms of civil society. Feminists oppose clear-cut boundaries dividing the lifeworld into the private sphere, civil society, and the state. By highlighting the problems associated with these boundaries, I attempt to reframe the concept of civil society. My approach follows the work of Iris Young, who conceptualizes civil society as a collection of three porous, overlapping associative activities—private, civic, and political associations. Young's work not only transcends the problem of boundaries, but also addresses the ongoing debates between liberal and critical theorists. However, it leaves room for further examination: Should any of these boundaries be dissolved? Specifically, the question remains as to whether the family is divided from civil society. In addressing the question, I posit an alternative model comprising the family, the three associative activities, and state political institutions. These elements are intertwined such that their boundaries are effectively seamless. The proposed model offers a wider approach to civil society, shedding light on the interplay between civil society and everyday life as well as state political institutions. Throughout the article, I argue that gender perspectives contribute to how civil society should be conceptualized.

  • 549. Evans, Ruth
    et al.
    Bowlby, Sophie
    Gottzén, Lucas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Ribbens McCarthy, Jane
    Unpacking ‘family troubles’, care and relationality across time and space2019In: Children's Geographies, ISSN 1473-3285, E-ISSN 1473-3277, Vol. 17, no 5, p. 501-513Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite significant work on family geographies in recent years, geographers have paid less attention to changes and challenges that may be considered 'family troubles' in diverse contexts. Through this editorial and the special section, we unpack time-space dynamics of ‘family troubles’ in diverse contexts, with a particular focus on care and relationality. Our discussion foregrounds ambiguities and tensions surrounding geographical proximity and propinguity, material-emotional responses, and diverse meanings of ‘family’, ‘home’ and belonging in the context of troubling changes in family lives, intergenerational relations and practices of care. We seek to establish an agenda for future geographical work and interdisciplinary dialogue on ‘family troubles’, vulnerabilities and social suffering in contexts of (troubling) changes and diversity. Such analyses are crucial in our efforts to envision a more relational understanding of our ‘being-in-the-world’, underpinned by care ethics and support for differentially positioned family members throughout the lifecourse and across generations.

  • 550.
    Evertsson, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Parental leave and careers: Women's and men's wages after parental leave in Sweden2016In: Advances in life course research, ISSN 1040-2608, Vol. 29, p. 26-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Persistent gender differences in caretaking and the parental leave length have been proposed as one important reason why the gender wage and income gap has remained stablein Sweden for a long period of time. In this article, we study whether and how parental leave uptake (PL) affects mothers' and fathers' earned income and wages during a period of up to eight years after the first child is born. Focusing on those who had their first child in 1999, the descriptive results based on Swedish population registers show that social transfers compensate for a large part of the loss in earned income for mothers. Multivariate analyses of fixed effect models indicate small wage effects of PL. PL results in greater wage reductions (or the loss of wage increases) for the higher educated than for others. For women, the longer their leaves are, the more their wages suffer. For men, the negative wage effect is more immediate but increases less with time in parental leave, which leads to the conclusion that human capital depreciation most likely is not the main reason for the wage decreases that fathers experience. Instead, it seems that men's leave taking is perceived as a signal of work commitment by employers, given that the negative wage effect appears already at very short leaves.

891011121314 501 - 550 of 2259
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