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  • 501.
    Parkvall, Mikael
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Jansson, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning.
    Strimling, Pontus
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning.
    Simulating the genesis of Mauritian2013Inngår i: Acta Linguistica Hafniensia. International Journal of Structural Linguistics, ISSN 0374-0463, E-ISSN 1949-0763, Vol. 45, nr 2, s. 265-273Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a computer simulation of the genesis of Mauritian Creole. The input consists of detailed demographic data and typological information on Mauritian as well as the languages which contributed to its birth. The simulation is deliberately a simplistic one – the idea is to have as few potentially controversial assumptions as possible built into the model, and add additional parameters only to the extent that its output differs from the real-world result. As it turns out, the model generates a language which is highly similar to Mauritian as it is spoken today, and thus, very little “tweaking” seems necessary. Most notably, the model produces the desired result without the postulation of targeted language acquisition, and while one cannot conclude that this was not a part of the creolisation process, our simulation suggests that it is not a necessary assumption.

  • 502.
    Parkvall, Mikael
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Källgren, Gunnel
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för datorlingvistik.
    Kreolspråk över alla gränser1997Inngår i: Forskning och framsteg, ISSN 0015-7937, nr 2, s. 38-43Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 503. Peck, Amiena
    et al.
    Stroud, Christopher
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning. University of the Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa.
    Skinscapes2015Inngår i: Linguistic Landscape, ISSN 2214-9953, E-ISSN 2214-9961, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 133-151Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper argues for extending linguistic landscape studies to also encompass the body as a corporeal landscape, or ‘moving discursive locality’. We articulate this point within a narrative of a developing field of landscape studies that is increasingly attentive to the mobility and materiality of spatialized semiotics as performative, that is, as partially determining of how we come to understand ourselves ‘in place’. Taking Cape Town’s tattooing culture as an illustration, we unpack the idea of ‘the human subject as an entrepreneur of the self, as author of his or her being in the world’ (Comaroff & Comaroff, 2012: 23), by using a phenomenological methodology to explore the materiality of the body as a mobile and dynamic space of inscribed spatialized identities and historical power relations. Specifically, we focus on: how tattooed bodies sculpt future selves and imagined spaces, the imprint they leave behind in the lives of five participants in the study and ultimately the creation of bodies that matter in time and place. The paper will conclude with a discussion of what studies of corporeal landscapes may contribute to a broader field of linguistic landscape studies.

  • 504. Pecorari, Diane
    et al.
    Shaw, Philip
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Types of student intertextuality and faculty attitudes2012Inngår i: Journal of second language writing, ISSN 1060-3743, E-ISSN 1873-1422, Vol. 21, nr 2, s. 149-164Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Intertextuality is a prominent feature of academic writing, and the ability to use sources effectively and appropriately is an essential skill which novice writers must acquire. It is also a complex skill, and student performance is not always successful. It is presumably beneficial for students to receive consistent messages about what source use is and is not appropriate, but some evidence suggests that university teachers and other gatekeepers may fall short of this consistency. This paper reports the findings of semi-structured text-based interviews aimed at understanding the basis of teacher attitudes and responses to intertextuality in academic writing. Teachers who were asked to evaluate the same examples from student texts differed in their judgments about whether the examples were appropriate, and provided different types of explanation for their judgments. These explanations enable us to develop a four-part typology of intertextuality which allows analytic discussion of differing judgments. The implications both of the teacher judgments and of the typology for second language writing instruction are discussed and an assessment of the relevance of our findings for the theme of this special issue is provided.

  • 505. Perego, Elisa
    et al.
    Del Missier, Fabio
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen. University of Trieste, Italy.
    Bottiroli, Sara
    Dubbing versus subtitling in young and older adults: cognitive and evaluative aspects2015Inngår i: Perspectives: studies in translatology, ISSN 0907-676X, E-ISSN 1747-6623, Vol. 23, nr 1, s. 1-21Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Empirical evidence on the cognitive and evaluative effects of viewing a dubbed versus a subtitled film is limited, theoretical views on the subject are mainly speculative, and age-related differences have not been investigated in this sphere. To fill these gaps, we carried out two studies contrasting the effects of viewing a dubbed versus subtitled version of the same film excerpt in young and older adults, using a comprehensive array of verbal and visual measures. The findings clearly show that dubbing does not provide a cognitive or evaluative advantage over subtitling. Moreover, subtitling seems to be more effective than dubbing in supporting the lexical aspects of performance. Finally, although older adults always performed worse than young adults on all cognitive measures, they did not show a specific impairment in the subtitling condition. The results support the view that subtitled films are processed effectively and appreciated equally by both young and older adults.

  • 506. Perreault, Charles
    et al.
    Mathew, Sarah
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning.
    Dating the origin of language using phonemic diversity2012Inngår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 7, nr 4, s. e35289-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Language is a key adaptation of our species, yet we do not know when it evolved. Here, we use data on language phonemic diversity to estimate a minimum date for the origin of language. We take advantage of the fact that phonemic diversity evolves slowly and use it as a clock to calculate how long the oldest African languages would have to have been around in order to accumulate the number of phonemes they possess today. We use a natural experiment, the colonization of Southeast Asia and Andaman Islands, to estimate the rate at which phonemic diversity increases through time. Using this rate, we estimate that present-day languages date back to the Middle Stone Age in Africa. Our analysis is consistent with the archaeological evidence suggesting that complex human behavior evolved during the Middle Stone Age in Africa, and does not support the view that language is a recent adaptation that has sparked the dispersal of humans out of Africa. While some of our assumptions require testing and our results rely at present on a single case-study, our analysis constitutes the first estimate of when language evolved that is directly based on linguistic data.

  • 507.
    Persson, Martin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    Dialektnivellering i Färs härad2010Inngår i: Svenska landsmål och svenskt folkliv, ISSN 0347-1837, nr 336Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article it is discussed whether the phonological changes involved in dialect levelling occur in a certain order. To explore the issue, the author has analysed the pronunciation of four generations of a family in southern Skåne. The variables studied have been divided into two groups. In the first, the difference between standard Swedish and traditional dialect is at a phonemic level, as for example in the word pairs ett/itt 'one and ut/ud 'out'. In the second group, the difference is instead at the phonetic level: front or back r, and long vowels realised as monophthongs or diphthongs.

    The study suggests that phonemic adaption (which is complete in the youngest generation) precedes phonetic adaption (which has only just begun in the data examined).

  • 508. Peters, Stanley
    et al.
    Westerståhl, Dag
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The semantics of possessives2013Inngår i: Language, ISSN 0097-8507, E-ISSN 1535-0665, Vol. 89, nr 4, s. 713-759Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate what possessives mean by examining a wide range of English examples, pre- and postnominal, quantified and non-quantified, to arrive at general, systematic truth conditions for them. In the process, we delineate a rich class of paradigmatic possessives having cross-linguistic interest, exploiting  characteristic semantic properties. One is that all involve (implicit or explicit) quantification over possessed entities. Another is that this quantification always carries existential import, even when the  quantifier over possessed entities itself doesn't. We show that this property, termed possessive existential import, is intimately related to the notion of narrowing \cite{barker95}. Narrowing has implications for compositionally analyzing possessives' meaning. We apply the proposed semantics to the issue of definiteness of possessives, negation of possessives, partitives and prenominal possessives, postnominal possessives and complements of relational nouns, freedom of the possessive relation, and the semantic relationship between pre- and postnominal possessives.

  • 509.
    Piispanen, Peter
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för slaviska och baltiska språk, finska, nederländska och tyska, Finska.
    Evaluating the Uralic-Yukaghiric word-initial, proto-sibilant correspondence rules: Sibilant correspondences of Proto-Uralic and Late Proto-Yukaghir2015Inngår i: Suomalais-Ugrilaisen Seuran Aikakauskirja / Journal de la Société Finno-Ougrienne, ISSN 0355-0214, E-ISSN 1798-2987, Vol. 95, s. 237-273Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper evaluates and expands upon previously suggested sound rules governing the phonological outcome of early root-initial proto-sibilants (*s- and *ś-) and proto-affricates (*š-, *ć- and *č-) in Late Proto-Yukaghir (PY), as shown by cognate correspondences in Proto-Uralic (PU) and by Tungusic and Turkic borrowings. The proto-sibilant *s- underwent deletion (*Ø-), retention (*s-) or lateralization (*l-); *ś- was retained unchanged and earlier *š- had changed into *č- in PY. Universally, PY proto-sibilants and proto-affricates find regular lexical correspondences in PU as described by a set of non-trivial phonological rules:

    Pre-PY *sVr/k/γ- > PY *lVr/k/γ-: a regular lateralization of the sibilant in Yukaghiric occurred with back vowels and *-r-, *-k- and possibly *- γ -, but not *-q-, through an intermediary hypothetical *θ- stage.

    Pre-PY *sVl/ŋ- > PY *ØVl/ŋ-: a sibilant deletion rule occurred with any vowel and *-l- or *- ŋ-.

    However, all structures of the intermediate type Pre-PY *sV1ŋ/l/m/n-k/q-V2-, where V1 is a back vowel, pose an exception wherein sibilant deletion was blocked, and the sibilant was either retained or changed into a lateral. Sibilant deletion still occurred in these cases if V1 was a front vowel.

    Pre-PY *ś- > PY *ś- > KY š- & TY s-: the Yukaghir lexicon in these cases likely developed through intermediate *š’-/*θ’- from Old Yukaghir. Furthermore, Pre-PY *š- > PY *č- regularly.

    All of these sound changes are controlled by phonology and affect borrowings as well as inherited vocabulary from before PY, but do not affect post-PY borrowings. The sibilant-deletion rule is clearly an influence from extensive language contacts with Yakut-speakers, and certain roots show that the Yukaghir rules of synharmonism were already in effect prior to sibilant deletion. In addition, the results are concurrent with several older cognate suggestions between Uralic and Yukaghiric and further add to this corpus. Identifying these historical processes also strengthens the evidence that the Yukaghir languages are genetically related to the Uralic language family.

  • 510.
    Piispanen, Peter Sauli
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för baltiska språk, finska och tyska.
    A description of Finnish male hypocoristics: an optimality theory approach2014Inngår i: Studia Anthroponymica Scandinavica, ISSN 0280-8633, Vol. 32, s. 139-168Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The formation of standard Finnish male nicknames in terms of Optimality Theory (OT) is described. Formation of these nicknames is subject to phonological, morphological, segmental and prosodic restrictions and often proceeds via suffixation of a truncated, left-anchoredstem, invariably producing a disyllabic, semantically narrow nicknamewith no coda, long vowels or diphthongs. Such foot binary-restricted items never include a second syllable onset. Disyllabic names are regularly shortened (CV.CV), while mono- and trisyllabic names often become geminate nicknames (CVC.CV) through expressive marking. Geminate names lose the coda consonant in the nickname. Very long names are truncated and sometimes take an additional suffix. Nicknames and their suffixes are strictly controlled to have either mixed harmonic back (a, o, u) and neutral front vowels (e, i), or only harmonic front vowels (y, ö, ä). Curious exceptions to the rules are found with names containing a word-internal sonorant, which therefore become uniquely suffixed nicknames through a Sonorant Sequencing Principle (SSP) constraint, leading to a three-consonant cluster and a shift of the sonorant from the syllable edge (CVCC.CV). Some nicknames have a limited geographical distribution (i.e. they are dialectal only), while a few others exhibit traces of diminutive markings. The data suggest the following ranking order for nickname formation in Finnish according to OT: FtBin >> SSP for resonant-containing or RlzRed for trisyllabic >>AnchorLeftBT >> NoLong-Vowel >> NoDiphthong >> NoCoda >>MaximalityBT.

  • 511.
    Piispanen, Peter Sauli
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för slaviska och baltiska språk, finska, nederländska och tyska.
    A prosody-controlled semi-vowel alternation in Yukaghir2016Inngår i: Journal of Historical Linguistics, ISSN 2210-2116, E-ISSN 2210-2124, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 247-296Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article shows that Yukaghir underwent a regular sound change whereby all word-internal and word-final w phonemes became j, probably in Early Proto-Yukaghir. After degemination had occurred, possibly in Middle Proto-Yukaghir, any j in an intervocalic position of disyllabic roots was followed by an epenthetic l, as it still is in the modern Yukaghir languages. Palatalization, labialization, uvularization, and assimilative effects finally formed the Late Proto-Yukaghir forms from which the modern languages have arisen. Word-class prosody controls epenthesis, vowel lengthening, and any further word-final vowel changes. Identifying these historical processes also strengthens the evidence that Yukaghir is genealogically related to Uralic. The Uralic and Yukaghiric correspondences are carefully analyzed as to phonology and semantics, resulting in over fifty new or revised cognate suggestions. Further, Yukaghiric shows a trend towards a reduction of the number of root syllables in the comparison. The semi-vowel w remained unchanged word-initially in Tundra Yukaghir and has thus been a continuous part of the Yukaghir phonemic register. Lexemes containing the semi-vowel w found in modern Yukaghir in word-internal and final positions arose from other sources only after the semi-vowel alternation sound change rule.

  • 512.
    Piispanen, Peter Sauli
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för baltiska språk, finska och tyska.
    Further lexical borrowings from (Pre-)Yakut into the Yukaghiric Languages2013Inngår i: Turkic languages, ISSN 1431-4983, Vol. 17, nr 1/2, s. 115-139Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents twelve newly found suggested borrowings from (Pre-)Yakut, a Turkic language previously known to be a considerable source of borrowings, into the Yukaghiric languages of far northeastern Siberia. All suggestions are given both with solid phonologicaland semantic considerations, and the chronology of the borrowings is considered. Several of the new borrowings are quite recent and relate to hunting and wandering and surprisingly many are semantically connected to elementary phenomena, actions and perceptions, while a few others clearly find their etymological origins as borrowed from the tales of the surrounding tribes.

  • 513.
    Piispanen, Peter Sauli
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för baltiska språk, finska och tyska.
    Statistical Dating of Uralic Languages through Comparative Linguistics with added Sound Change Law Analyses2012Inngår i: Fenno-Ugrica Suecana - Nova Series, ISSN 1504-1921, E-ISSN 2001-6204, Vol. 14, s. 61-74Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The planned and currently ongoing research by the author at the Stockholm University related to modern and ancient Finnish language history as well as Uralic and comparative linguistics - focusing on lexicon, sound changes, dating, language contact situations, archaeology and genetics - is briefly summarized and presented.

  • 514.
    Piispanen, Peter Sauli
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för baltiska språk, finska och tyska.
    Suomalaisten miesten lempinimistä2012Inngår i: Kieliviesti, ISSN 0280-350X, nr 2, s. 4-8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 515.
    Piispanen, Peter Sauli
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för baltiska språk, finska och tyska.
    The Uralic-Yukaghiric connection revisited: Correspondences of Geminate Clusters2013Inngår i: Suomalais-Ugrilaisen Seuran Aikakauskirja / Journal de la Société Finno-Ougrienne, ISSN 0355-0214, E-ISSN 1798-2987, Vol. 94, s. 165-197Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents and discusses regular correspondences between Uralic geminate items and Yukaghiric with proposed sound change laws and new and some modified older cognate suggestions (twenty-four nouns and eight verbs). Geminate items were found to contain surprisingly stable, relatively unchanging vowels in Yukaghiric in regard to the Proto-Uralic form. The results suggest that degemination – taking place in all cases except in a few forms that can otherwise be explained – was an early process in Yukaghiric and occurred after or while many vowel changes had already taken place in the Yukaghiric vocabulary. The data shows that the relationship between Uralic and Yukaghiric is more extensive than previously believed. Some very early possible sound changes are discussed. Furthermore, a correspondence to Proto-Uralic *-ü- has been found in Late Proto-Yukaghiric *-ö-. Also, it is shown that the early suffixation in Yukaghir to Uralic-like stems has produced several modern words through grammaticalization.

  • 516. Portin, Marja
    et al.
    Lehtonen, Minna
    Harrer, Gabor
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för baltiska språk, finska och tyska, Avdelningen för finska.
    Wande, Erling
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för baltiska språk, finska och tyska, Avdelningen för finska.
    Niemi, Jussi
    Laine, Matti
    L1 effects on the processing of inflected nouns in L22008Inngår i: Acta Psychologica, ISSN 0001-6918, E-ISSN 1873-6297, Vol. 128, nr 3, s. 452-465Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated the effect of L1 on the recognition of L2 Swedish inflected nouns. Two groups of late L2 learners with typologically very different native languages, Hungarian (agglutinative) and Chinese (isolating), participated in a visual lexical decision experiment. The target words were matched inflected vs. monomorphemic nouns from three frequency levels. The Hungarian group showed it morphological processing cost (longer reaction times for the infected words) for low and medium frequency words but not for high frequency words, suggesting morphological decomposition of low and medium frequency Swedish inflected nouns. In contrast, for the Chinese group the reaction times of the inflected vs. monomorphemic words were similar at all frequency levels, indicating full-form processing of all the inflected nouns. This cross-language difference suggests that L1 can exert an effect on the morphological processing in L2. The application of full-form processing for the Swedish inflected nouns in the Chinese group might reflect strategy transfer from their isolating native language to Swedish.

  • 517.
    Premat, Christophe
    Institut d´études politiques de Bordeaux.
    Alphabétisation et insertion des apprenants dans leur environnement local: recherche-action et analyse transactionnelle2008Inngår i: Anthropopages, Vol. 7-8, s. 73-86Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Il s’agit de montrer comment l’alphabétisation, en tant qu’enseignement fondé sur l’acquisition de la lecture et de l’écriture se renforce grâce à l’utilisation des éléments situés dans l’environnement local direct des apprenants. Par environnement local, nous entendons l’espace de référence commun aux apprenants dans le temps de l’apprentissage (la ville, le quartier et ses animations culturelles). L’enjeu de cet article est de penser le cours d’alphabétisation comme un véritable « chronotope » , c’est-à-dire un espace-temps au cours duquel les apprenants racontent leur quotidien, découvrent leur environnement local et influent sur lui grâce à la préparation d’un événement du quartier.

  • 518. Pålsson, Erik
    et al.
    Söderlund, Göran
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    Klamer, Daniel
    Bergquist, Filip
    Noise benefit in prepulse inhibition of the acoustic startle reflex2011Inngår i: Psychopharmacology, ISSN 0033-3158, E-ISSN 1432-2072, Vol. 214, nr 3, s. 675-685Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Under some conditions, external sensory noise enhances cognitive functions, a phenomenon possibly involving stochastic resonance and/or enhanced central dopamine transmission. Prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the startle reflex is a robust measure of sensorimotor gating and can be modulated by activity in the cortex and basal ganglia, including the central dopamine pathways. Previous empirical studies suggest a differential effect of acoustic noise in normal children and children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study investigated the effect of acoustic noise on PPI and if dopamine transmission interacts with acoustic noise effects in a rat ADHD model. The effect of background acoustic noise on acoustic startle response and PPI were measured with a constant prepulse to background noise ratio of 9 dB(A). Spontaneously hypertensive (SH) rats were used as the ADHD model and compared with Wistar and Sprague-Dawley rats. Microdialysis, methylphenidate treatment and 6-OHDA lesions were used to investigate interaction with dopamine transmission. Background noise facilitated PPI differently in SH rats and controls. The prefrontal cortex in SH rats had low basal dopamine concentrations, a high DOPAC/dopamine ratio and blunted dopamine release during PPI testing. Methylphenidate had small, but strain-specific, effects on startle and PPI. Bilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesions did not alter startle or PPI. Prefrontal dopamine transmission is altered in SH rats during the sensorimotor gating task of PPI of the acoustic startle, indicating increased dopamine reuptake in this ADHD rat model. We propose that noise benefit could be explored as a non-pharmacological alternative for treating neuropsychiatric disorders.

  • 519.
    Renner, Lena
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för fonetik.
    Sambandet mellan fonologi och lexikon i den tidiga språkutvecklingen2013Inngår i: Dyslexi, ISSN 1401-2480, Vol. 18, nr 3, s. 16-17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 520.
    Riad, Tomas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    Culminativity, stress and tone accent in Central Swedish2012Inngår i: Lingua, ISSN 0024-3841, E-ISSN 1872-6135, Vol. 122, nr 13, s. 1352-1379Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish stress and tone accent exhibits an interesting mixture of properties. I argue that the stress system is arranged in a largely morphological fashion, with clear similarities to dominance systems of Japanese, Basque and Greek, where there is a distinction between accented and unaccented stems, and where prefixes and, in particular, suffixes influence stress/accent placement. A major difference is that none of the lexical specifications for stress in Swedish is pre- or post-accenting, but rather post- and pretonic. Thus, no stress is assigned by affixes, but affixes impose adjacency conditions on stress placement in stems, or else the structure is either inhibited, or becomes noticeably marked. Beside the morphological specifications of stress information, there is a phonological default stress assignment, similar to what we find in Greek. The phonological default of Swedish applies blindly when prosodic specification is lacking at the right edge of prosodic words. An accentual default occurs also in Basque, but it applies at a phrasal level rather than at the word level. Beside stress, Swedish also exhibits a lexical tone ('accent 2', 'grave'), which occurs only in primary stressed syllables, and which (in the analysis assumed here) is mostly assigned from posttonic suffixes to an immediately preceding primary stress. So-called 'accent 1' (acute) is lexically unmarked, but both tonal contours signal prominence in a similar fashion, that is, in a way that is independent of the lexical distinction as such. Stress and tonal accent both instantiate culminativity. Building on the theory of projecting words and phrases (Ito and Mester, 2007), I argue that stress instantiates culminativity within the minimal prosodic word, and tonal accent instantiates culminativity in the maximal prosodic word.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 521.
    Riad, Tomas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    Scandinavian accent typology2006Inngår i: STUF -- Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung, Vol. 59, nr 1, s. 36-55Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 522.
    Riad, Tomas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Svenska/Nordiska språk.
    Svenska smeknamn: Smeknamnet är redan givet2016Inngår i: Språktidningen, ISSN 1654-5028, nr 4, s. 18-26Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 523.
    Rosenberg, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk.
    Lexical Representation of Agentive Nominal Compounds in French and Swedish.2010Inngår i: Research in Computing Science, Special Issue: Natural Language Processing and its Applications, ISSN 1870-4069, Vol. 46, nr Special Issue, s. 3-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses the lexical representation of French VN and Swedish NV-are gentive nominal compounds. The objective is to examine their semantic structure and output meaning. The analysis shows that, as a result of their semantic structure, the compounds group into some major output meanings. Most frequently, the N constituent corresponds to an Undergoer in the argument structure of the V constituent, and the compound displays an Actor role, which more precisely denote entities such as Persons, Animals, Plants, Impersonals, Instruments or Locatives, specified in the Telic role in the Qualia. We propose that the Agentive role can be left unspecified with regard to action modality. In conclusion, our study proposes a unified semantic account of the French and Swedish compounds, which can have applications for NLP systems, particularly for disambiguation and machine translation tasks.

  • 524.
    Rosenberg, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk.
    The polysemy of agent nouns: diachronic, synchronic and contrastive evidence from French and Swedish2011Inngår i: STUF - Language Typology and Universals, ISSN 1867-8319, Vol. 64, nr 1, s. 53-64Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses Agent polysemy diachronically, synchronically, and contrastively. It examines the semantic structure of three French agentive formations, [VN/A]N/A compounds, and derivations with -eur and -ant. The semantics of four Swedish agentive formations which correspond to French [VN/A]N/A compounds are also studied. My results suggest that the polysemy of Agent is not uniformly hierarchically structured, with the Agent on top, for different agentive formations. They do not confirm that semantic extension emanates from the Agent. Instead, they speak in favour of blocking as the most plausible explanation for Agent polysemy and meaning extension.

     

  • 525. Rzymski, Christoph
    et al.
    Tresoldi, Tiago
    Greenhill, Simon J.
    Wu, Mei-Shin
    Schweikhard, Nathanael E.
    Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Gast, Volker
    Bodt, Timotheus A.
    Hantgan, Abbie
    Kaiping, Gereon A.
    Chang, Sophie
    Lai, Yunfan
    Morozova, Natalia
    Arjava, Heini
    Hübler, Nataliia
    Koile, Ezequiel
    Pepper, Steve
    Proos, Mariann
    Van Epps, Briana
    Blanco, Ingrid
    Hundt, Carolin
    Monakhov, Sergei
    Pianykh, Kristina
    Ramesh, Sallona
    Gray, Russell D.
    Forkel, Robert
    List, Johann-Mattis
    The Database of Cross-Linguistic Colexifications, reproducible analysis of cross-linguistic polysemies2020Inngår i: Scientific Data, E-ISSN 2052-4463, Vol. 7, nr 1, artikkel-id 13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Advances in computer-assisted linguistic research have been greatly influential in reshaping linguistic research. With the increasing availability of interconnected datasets created and curated by researchers, more and more interwoven questions can now be investigated. Such advances, however, are bringing high requirements in terms of rigorousness for preparing and curating datasets. Here we present CLICS, a Database of Cross-Linguistic Colexifications (CLICS). CLICS tackles interconnected interdisciplinary research questions about the colexification of words across semantic categories in the world's languages, and show-cases best practices for preparing data for cross-linguistic research. This is done by addressing shortcomings of an earlier version of the database, CLICS2, and by supplying an updated version with CLICS3, which massively increases the size and scope of the project. We provide tools and guidelines for this purpose and discuss insights resulting from organizing student tasks for database updates.

  • 526.
    Safar, Josefina
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    Translanguaging in Yucatec Maya signing communities2019Inngår i: Applied Linguistics Review, ISSN 1868-6303, E-ISSN 1868-6311, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 31-53Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article looks at translanguaging practices in four Yucatec Maya communities with a high incidence of deafness in the peninsula of Yucatán, Mexico. Deaf and hearing community members draw from a broad spectrum of semiotic resources to interact with each other and with people from other villages in the region: they sign with different degrees of fluency, speak Yucatec Maya and/or Spanish, gesture, draw, point and incorporate objects in their physical surroundings. Human beings have a general tendency to communicate between and beyond different languages and modalities and to creatively adapt their semiotic repertoires to each other to negotiate meaning. On top of that, I show that sociolinguistic and cultural features of Yucatec Maya communities scaffold translanguaging practices. The rich inventory of conventional co-speech gestures of Yucatec Maya speakers, positive attitudes towards deafness and signed language and a critical amount of shared cultural knowledge facilitate communication between deaf and hearing and contribute to the emergence of similar sign languages in historically unrelated communities. The investigation of Yucatec Maya signing communities through a translanguaging lens allows us to critically deconstruct existing classifications of sign languages and varieties. Yucatec Maya Sign Languages are portrayed as a multi-layered network of different villages, families, generations and overlapping deaf and hearing spaces, where translanguaging takes place.

  • 527.
    Safar, Josefina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    Le Guen, Olivier
    Collí Collí, Geli
    Collí Hau, Merli
    Numeral Variation in Yucatec Maya Sign Languages2018Inngår i: Sign Language Studies, ISSN 0302-1475, E-ISSN 1533-6263, Vol. 18, nr 4, s. 488-516Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we examine various strategies used to express cardinal numbers in Yucatec Maya Sign Languages (YMSLs) from three historically unrelated communities in Yucatan, Mexico: Chican, Nohkop, and Cepeda Peraza. Our findings describe some numeral strategies, which remained unattested in previous accounts, and demonstrate that YMSL numerals exhibit patterns of systematic inter- and intracommunity variation as a result of linguistic and sociolinguistic factors. These patterns are still in process of becoming solidified and a high level of individual variation persists. The analysis of numerals in YMSLs provides us with an excellent opportunity to observe the emergence of sociolinguistic variation in young village sign languages. Our study is based on data from elicitation, natural conversations, and interviews, and takes into account several aspects: the influence of Yucatec Maya gestures on the formation of YMSL numeral signs, the regional and intracommunity distribution of numeral signs and numeral strategies, the impact of literacy on YMSL number - expression, the existence of familylects and community members' language attitudes. Finally, we discuss some methodological challenges to studying variation in rural sign languages.

  • 528.
    Salö, Linus
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Domänförlust som språkideologisk representation: språkvårdens diskurser om engelska i Sverige2012Inngår i: Nordand, ISSN 0809-9227, Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 21-59Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta bidrag framställer det svenska språkvårdsfältets diskurser om engelska, och begreppet domänförlusts framväxt som del i etableringen av en nationell språkpolitik i Sverige. Genomgången visar hur tonvikten gått från lånord mot frågor om svenskans position och status, med svengelska som representation för den förra diskursen och domänförlust för den senare. Båda manifesterar uttryck för ‖monoglottisk ideologi‖ (Silverstein 1996). Med redskap från Bourdieus fältteori knyts diskurserna till sina producenters positioner i språkvårdens fält. Domänförlust entextualiserades i samband med att diskussionen om Sveriges medlemskap i EU tog fart. Det hävdas i denna artikel att domänförlustsfrågan och EU-frågan är ideologiskt förenade, och att värnandet av svenskan måste ses i samma ljus som värnandet av Sveriges autonomi, och en aversion bland fältets agenter mot engelskans kulturpolitiska indexikaliteter. Domänförlust har använts som symbolisk tillgång för att få gehör för att svenskan är ett hotat språk, och tolkas här som en del av en strategi för att försvara en marknad där agenterna själva investerat sitt kapital.

  • 529.
    Salö, Linus
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Går det att prata om vetenskap på svenska?2016Inngår i: Forskning & Framsteg, ISSN 0015-7937, nr 4, s. 19-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 530.
    Salö, Linus
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Seeing the point from which you see what you see: An essay on epistemic reflexivity in language research2018Inngår i: Multilingual Margins, ISSN 2221-4216, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 24-39Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay deals with epistemic issues in language research, focusing particularly on the field of language planning and policy (LPP). It outlines Pierre Bourdieu’s principle of epistemic reflexivity as a device for understanding what the view of the research object owes to the researcher’s past and present position in social space. I hold that developing such an understanding is particularly vital for LPP scholars, by virtue of the ways in which the objects investigated here tend to linger in the borderlands between science and politics. Accordingly, the essay unearths the philosophical roots of epistemic reflexivity and highlights some of its implications in the research practice with examples from Swedish LPP research. It also examines the value of a reflexive stance in interviews as a way of pinpointing the relevance of epistemic reflexivity in every moment of the scholarly investigation. In conclusion, the argument is that since epistemic reflexivity is a useful device for any critical researcher who wishes to grasp the knowledge he or she produces, it is so also for language researchers, and particularly so in relation to the ideologically normative practices of LPP scholarship. Therefore, a reflexive gaze is a pivotal driver for yielding better language research.

  • 531.
    Salö, Linus
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    The linguistic sense of placement: Habitus and the entextualization of translingual practices in Swedish academia2015Inngår i: Journal of Sociolinguistics, ISSN 1360-6441, E-ISSN 1467-9841, Vol. 19, nr 4, s. 511-534Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper adopts a Bourdieusian approach to discourse in contemporary Swedish academia. Habitus, entextualization, and translingual practice are employed as epistemological perspectives for investigating the place of Swedish in the text trajectories of two disciplines where English prevails in publishing. Data from meeting recordings, email correspondence, and interviews show that Swedish is the legitimate language throughout in the text production and that discipline-specific Swedish is practiced so long as it encompasses all participants’ repertoires. In fact, the researchers point to an almost physical awkwardness linked to the unwarranted use of English among themselves. Following Bourdieu, it is argued that these sensibilities pertain to the linguistic sense of placement of socialized agents and that the unease of being out of place prevents them from lapsing into what is socially perceived as unacceptable discourse in their translingual practices. 

  • 532.
    Salö, Linus
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Thinking about language with Bourdieu: Pointers for social theory in the language sciences2018Inngår i: Sociolinguistic Studies, ISSN 1750-8649, E-ISSN 1750-8657, Vol. 12, nr 3-4, s. 523-543Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents Pierre Bourdieu's sociological gaze, agenda and toolkit to scholars of language, so as to offer a social theoretical framework within which sociolinguistic questions can be fruitfully investigated. It outlines Bourdieu's dual conception of social life and presents the key thinking tools - field and habitus - with which this dualism can be explored empirically. In addition, it locates work produced at the nexus of sociolinguistics and linguistic anthropology where Bourdieusian insights have been productively employed. It also discusses Bourdieu's reputation as a macro theorist, and argues that this image must be supplemented with an understanding of his idea that social reality also has a mode of existence in people's bodies, habitus, and practices. The paper argues that Bourdieu's gaze and thinking tools import with them a solid social theoretical base of the comprehension of human practice, including linguistic practice, which therefore offers some purchase to account for the relationship between the market side of language and its embodied manifestations.

  • 533.
    Salö, Linus
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Ganuza, Natalia
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Hedman, Christina
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkdidaktik.
    Karrebæk, Martha Sif
    Mother tongue instruction in Sweden and Denmark: Language policy, cross-field effects, and linguistic exchange rates2018Inngår i: Language Policy, ISSN 1568-4555, E-ISSN 1573-1863, Vol. 17, nr 4, s. 591-610Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates mother tongue instruction (MTI) in Sweden and Denmark in a historical, comparative perspective, with a view to accounting for key differences in language policy enacted in educational fields. Whereas in Sweden, MTI is offered to linguistic minority children irrespective of their linguistic and ethnic backgrounds, in Denmark the right to state-sponsored MTI has been abolished for children of non-European descent. Moreover, while the policies of both states devalue skills in mother tongues other than the legitimate language of each society, this position is more pronounced in the Danish context. The article explores the two state’s position on MTI, as expressed in policy as well as in discourse produced in the political and academic field of each state. It subscribes to Pierre Bourdieu’s framework, within which state policy is conceived as the product of historical struggle and cross-field effects. The analysis shows that the national differences in MTI exist because of the differing ways in which agents from the academic vis-à-vis the political field have succeeded in imposing their visions in the bureaucratic field from which policies are produced. Ultimately, this circumstance explains why the Swedish discussion on MTI may be characterized as having been academically founded, while the Danish discussion has remained a matter of political consideration. In the latter case, we argue, it is particularly tangible that MTI is a politicized object of struggle, where agents seek to control the exchange rate of linguistic resources and, in effect, the social worth of different speakers.

  • 534.
    Schönström, Krister
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för svenska som andraspråk för döva.
    Visual acquisition of Swedish in deaf children: An L2 processability approach2014Inngår i: Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, ISSN 1879-9264, E-ISSN 1879-9272, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 61-88Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the Swedish L2 development of deaf children by testing the validity of Processability Theory on deaf learners of Swedish as an L2. The study is cross-sectional and includes written data from 38 pupils (grades 5 and 10) from a school for deaf and hearing-impaired pupils in Sweden. The primary language used by the pupils is Swedish Sign Language with Swedish being considered their L2. The Swedish data have been analyzed through the lens of Processability Theory (PT). The results show that the grammatical development of deaf learners is similar to hearing learners of Swedish as an L2. The results therefore suggest that PT is applicable even for deaf learners of L2 Swedish.

  • 535.
    Seiler Brylla, Charlotta
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för baltiska språk, finska och tyska.
    Das Sportwunder DDR aus der schwedischen Perspektive: Eine linguistische Diskursanalyse2013Inngår i: Moderna Språk, ISSN 2000-3560, E-ISSN 2000-3560, Vol. 107, nr 2, s. 35-55Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [de]

    So lange die Deutsche Demokratische Republik existierte, befand sie sich in einer ständigen Systemkonkurrenz mit der Bundesrepublik, weshalb der sogenannten Auslandsinformation oder Auslandspropaganda eine wichtige Rolle zukam. Auch nach der diplomatischen Anerkennung 1972 blieb Schweden ein Schwerpunktland für die Außenpolitik der DDR. Der Grund hierfür lag hauptsächlich in der wirtschaftlichen Stärke des Landes, aber auch in Schwedens internationaler Stellung, besonders wegen seiner Haltung in Friedens- und Abrüstungsfragen. Die Propagierung des Friedens sowie der Erfolge des Sozialismus waren in der DDR-Auslandsinformation zentrale Ziele. Für Letzteres spielten die einzigartigen Erfolge der DDR-SportlerInnen eine große Rolle.  Der Bereich Sport schien eine ideale Arena, die Überlegenheit des Sozialismus aufzuzeigen. Auch in Schweden wurde über das Sportwunder DDR berichtet und diskutiert. Wie waren diese Erfolge zu erklären?

    Der Fokus des Artikels gilt den Konzeptualisierungen der DDR-Sporterfolge im öffentlichen Diskurs Schwedens. Mithilfe einer Analyse von Pressetexten sowie von Informations- und Reiseliteratur zur DDR in den 1970er und 80er Jahren wird der Frage nachgegangen, wie in Schweden über den DDR-Sport berichtet wurde und welches Image dadurch entstand. Der Beitrag orientiert sich theoretisch und methodisch an der linguistischen Kultur- und Diskursanalyse sowie der Diskurslinguistik und geht davon aus, dass eine Analyse des Sprachgebrauchs für die Untersuchung von politischen, historischen und sozio-kulturellen Phänomenen fruchtbar ist.

    Die Analyse zeigt, dass die hervorragenden Leistungen der DDR-SportlerInnen in erster Linie durch strukturelle und ideologische Konzepte erklärt werden. Dabei übernimmt die DDR nicht selten eine Vorbildfunktion für Schweden, wobei die Instrumentalisierung des Sports für politische Zwecke durchaus auch problematisiert wird. Vor dem Hintergrund der Dopingrealität in der DDR ist es interessant zu konstatieren, dass explizite Dopingvorwürfe im Material nicht vorkommen; Dopinggerüchte hingegen werden mehrmals vehement zurückgewiesen.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 536.
    Seiler Brylla, Charlotta
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för baltiska språk, finska och tyska.
    "Ich werde Hartz IV" Zur Funktion narrativer Elemente in Thilo Sarrazins Buch Deutschland schafft sich ab2013Inngår i: Aptum, Zeitschrift für Sprachkritik und Sprachkultur, ISSN 1614-905X, nr 01, s. 65-81Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 537. Shaikjee, Mooniq
    et al.
    Stroud, Christopher
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning. University of the Western Cape, South Africa.
    Fanon in drag: Decoloniality in sociolinguistics?2017Inngår i: Journal of Sociolinguistics, ISSN 1360-6441, E-ISSN 1467-9841, Vol. 21, nr 3, s. 371-396Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In focus in this paper is the genre of drag, and the uses to which it is put by its proponents in subverting conventional and repressive (Western) models of gender, sexuality and race. We raise the question of to what extent performances of drag, while arguably disrupting gender stereotypes, nevertheless continue to reproduce colonialities of race and sexuality. Framing an analysis of a drag king performance in a sociolinguistics of subjectification inspired by the work of Frantz Fanon, we offer an account that recognizes how, rather than subverting or challenging conventional images of gender, the performance is one part of a complex circulation of textual and corporeal semiotics that enregisters racialized categories of male and female cut to the cloth of coloniality/modernity. On the other hand, the analysis also reveals that there are moments of interruption and slippage in the reproduction of colonial constructs of race, gender and sexuality that may offer more complex and multifarious understandings of what may comprise the exercises of decoloniality. We conclude with a discussion of what a decolonial Fanonian approach to subjectification might offer sociolinguistics.

  • 538.
    Shaw, Philip
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Pecorari, Diane
    Linnaeus Univ, Dept Languages, Växjö, Sweden.
    Source use in academic writing: An introduction to the special issue2013Inngår i: Journal of English for Academic Purposes, ISSN 1475-1585, E-ISSN 1878-1497, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. A1-A3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 539.
    Simper-Allen, Pia
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för teckenspråk.
    Mesch, Johanna
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för teckenspråk.
    The use of signing space in signed news broadcasts / L’utilisation de l’espace de signation dans les émissions signées2019Inngår i: Lidil, ISSN 1146-6480, E-ISSN 1960-6052, nr 60Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [fr]

    Cet article étudie l’utilisation des tokens dans deux types de journaux télévisés, l’un pour un public sourd adulte et l’autre pour un public sourd jeune, en langue des signes suédoise. Un token est un point vide et non topographique dans l’espace de signation qui se situe devant le présentateur. Notre échantillon contient 1084 tokens qui ont été placés à un point précis de cet espace de signation pour faire référence au concept introduit par chaque token au cours du discours. Les présentateurs exploitent ce mécanisme de référence fréquemment et les types de signes les plus utilisés à ce propos sont des signes lexicaux, des pointages et des verbes directionnels. La plupart des tokens sont placés dans l’espace de signation gauche ou droit du présentateur, tandis que l’espace de signation frontal est moins utilisé. Le nombre de tokens est plus réduit dans l’introduction et la conclusion des informations télévisées. Nous pensons que ces résultats pourraient être des spécificités des programmes d’information en langue des signes. Dans notre analyse, nous avons aussi tenu compte de l’utilisation des images à l’écran et de l’effet de celles-ci sur la création des tokens.

  • 540.
    Simpson, James
    et al.
    University of Leeds, UK.
    Dyer, Caroline
    University of Leeds, UK.
    Kaufhold, Kathrin
    Cardiff University School of Medicine, UK.
    Mobile language practices in Gujarat: Developing the capacity to aspire2013Inngår i: Hillary Place Papers, Vol. 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper promotes the idea that the linguistic and communicative practices associated with digital communication can be encouraged to strengthen people’s capacity to aspire (Appadurai, 2004) through the development of voice (Hymes, 1996). People aspire to all sorts of things – for example, to enhanced educational opportunities, which might in turn lead to a greater material standard of living, social mobility, and political recognition. Voice is not only the ability to speak but more importantly the capacity to be audible, to ‘generate an uptake of one’s words’ (Blommaert, 2005, p.68). Our concern is with the potential of the use of digital technology to enable people to be audible, and the consequent promise of audibility to combat failure of aspiration. We locate voice in terms of what people want to aspire to, and how their interactions and uses of particular linguistic and communicative resources within their networks might support these aspirations. Our paper discusses aspects of a new project in development which will document the communicative practices of marginalised people in the west-Indian state of Gujarat as they use mobile phones. This research aims to ascertain how the use of mobile and networked digital technology might challenge established marginalisation, and will inform other development contexts worldwide.

  • 541. Sinnemäki, Kaius
    et al.
    Di Garbo, Francesca
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Language Structures May Adapt to the Sociolinguistic Environment, but It Matters What and How You Count: A Typological Study of Verbal and Nominal Complexity2018Inngår i: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 9, artikkel-id 1141Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we evaluate claims that language structure adapts to sociolinguistic environment. We present the results of two typological case studies examining the effects of the number of native (=L1) speakers and the proportion of adult second language (=L2) learners on language structure. Data from more than 300 languages suggest that testing the effect of population size and proportion of adult L2 learners on features of verbal and nominal complexity produces conflicting results on different grammatical features. The results show that verbal inflectional synthesis adapts to the sociolinguistic environment but the number of genders does not. The results also suggest that modeling population size together with proportion of L2 improves model fit compared to modeling them independently of one another. We thus argue that surveying population size alone may be insufficient to detect possible adaptation of linguistic structure to the sociolinguistic environment. Rather, other features, such as proportion of L2 speakers, prestige and social network density, should be studied, and if demographic numeric data are used, they should not be used in isolation but rather in competition with other sociolinguistic features. We also suggest that not all types of language structures within a given grammatical domain are equally sensitive to the effect of sociolinguistic variables, and that more exploratory studies are needed before we can arrive at a reliable set of grammatical features that may be potentially most (and least) adaptive to social structures.

  • 542. Skogmyr Marian, Klara
    et al.
    Kunitz, Silvia
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Svenska/Nordiska språk.
    “Well if we’re wrong it’s your fault”: Negotiating participation in the EFL classroom2017Inngår i: TRANEL (Travaux neuchâtelois de linguistique ), E-ISSN 2504-205X, Vol. 67, s. 49-77Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This micro-longitudinal conversation analytic study investigates how a group of 7th grade students in Sweden negotiates participation frameworks in EFL group work. The analysis follows the changes in participation of one student, Emma, during a collaborative vocabulary quiz used to test a homework assignment. At first, Emma's participation in the task is limited and her contributions are questioned by the group members. As the activity progresses, though, Emma increasingly volunteers relevant answers and her coparticipants progressively orient to her as a knowledgeable and legitimate participant. We document the interactional means by which the students in the group enable and restrain participation in the task, and we relate these to the local physical/spatial and organizational affordances of the institutional setting. The study demonstrates how the right to active participation is negotiated on a moment-by-moment basis in and through interaction in the embodied ecology of the language classroom.

  • 543.
    Soler, Josep
    University of Tartu, Estonia.
    The anonymity of Catalan and the authenticity of Estonian: two paths for the development of medium-sized languages2013Inngår i: International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, ISSN 1367-0050, E-ISSN 1747-7522, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 153-163Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Catalan and Estonian can be considered ‘medium-sized’ languages with some key common features that allow us to analyze the evolution of the two cases comparatively. Firstly, other formerly hegemonic languages (Spanish and Russian, respectively) have historically minoritized them. Secondly, the political equilibrium has now changed in such a way that the ‘medium-sized’ languages have been resituated in the public sphere, regaining some institutional recognition. In turn, this has caused the formerly dominating languages to be resituated too, where a high degree of contact between the two linguistic communities exists. Finally, in the globalization era, ideologies about (minoritized) languages may shift from identity-based values toward more pragmatic and instrumental ones. This article presents ethnographically collected data from both Tallinn and Barcelona (2008–2009), providing a reading of the Catalan case and evolution as seen through the Estonian experience. The study examines language-ideological constructs underlying the discourses of the linguistic groups in contact, how they affect and are affected by the context, how they interact with and co-modify each other and ultimately, how can they affect the process by which a ‘medium-sized’ language may be adopted by ‘new speakers' and acquires a stable position at the level of its public functions.

  • 544.
    Soler, Josep
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Björkman, Beyza
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Kuteeva, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    University language policies in Estonia and Sweden: Exploring the interplay between English and national languages in higher education2018Inngår i: Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, ISSN 0143-4632, E-ISSN 1747-7557, Vol. 39, nr 1, s. 29-43Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As universities seek to become more international, their need to engage with a wider range of languages, particularly English, seems more prominent. At the same time, universities are also regarded by many stakeholders as key institutions to preserve a given national language and culture. This apparent tension makes universities a fruitful ground to explore relevant issues of language policymaking. This paper analyses language policies in higher education in two northern European countries, Sweden and Estonia. Applying qualitative content analytical tools, we tackle the following questions: (1) what major themes emerge from the analysis of institutional language policy documents in Estonia and Sweden? and (2) how is English perceived in relation to other languages? Our analysis shows that, despite their different historical and sociopolitical trajectories, universities in the two countries tend to adopt similar stances vis-à-vis their language policy developments. There also exist, however, different nuances in approaching the language question, which we interpret as being the result of the particular cultural backgrounds of each country.

  • 545.
    Soler, Josep
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Cooper, Andrew
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Unexpected emails to submit your work: Spam or legitimate offers? The implications for novice English L2 writers2019Inngår i: Publications, E-ISSN 2304-6775, Vol. 7, nr 1, artikkel-id 7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the discourse of what have been termed ‘predatory publishers’, with a corpus of emails sent to scholars by hitherto unknown publishers. Equipped with sociolinguistic and discourse analytic tools, we argue that the interpretation of these texts as spam or as legitimate messages may not be as straightforward an operation as one may initially believe. We suggest that English L2 scholars might potentially be more affected by publishers who engage in these email practices in several ways, which we identify and discuss. However, we argue that examining academic inequalities in scholarly publishing based exclusively on the native/non-native English speaker divide might not be sufficient, nor may it be enough to simply raise awareness about such publishers. Instead, we argue in favor of a more sociologically informed analysis of academic publishing, something that we see as a necessary first step if we wish to enhance more democratic means of access to key resources in publishing.

  • 546.
    Soler, Josep
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Darquennes, Jeroen
    Language policy and ‘new speakers’: an introduction to the thematic issue2019Inngår i: Language Policy, ISSN 1568-4555, E-ISSN 1573-1863, Vol. 18, nr 4, s. 467-473Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, sociolinguistic research on minority languages in Europe, particularly in the Galician context, has chiefly contributed both theoretically and empirically to the growing attention given to ‘new speakers’, as well as to the emergence of a European research network in 2013 entitled ‘New Speakers in a multilingual Europe: Opportunities and challenges’ (www.nspk.org.uk). As documented in special issues and edited volumes, the research activities in the network not only aimed at adding the term ‘new speaker’ to the growing pool of analytical terminology in critically oriented sociolinguistics. Employing ‘new speaker’ as a lens rather than as a clear-cut notion is what we—as editors—had in mind when giving shape to this volume, drawing on discussions during the final phases of the above-mentioned research network. This seemed especially useful because such a broad take on ‘new speakerness’ opens up avenues for comparative research under a common label. In sum, it is certainly worth the effort to continue delving deeper into the notion of ‘new speakers’, and particularly to do that from the perspective of language policy. The articles collected in this thematic issue aim at contributing into that direction.

  • 547.
    Soler, Josep
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Marten, Heiko F.
    Resistance and adaptation to newspeakerness in educational institutions: two tales from Estonia2019Inngår i: Language Policy, ISSN 1568-4555, E-ISSN 1573-1863, Vol. 18, nr 4, s. 553-572Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The term ‘new speaker’ has recently emerged as an attempt by sociolinguists not only to understand the different types of speaker profiles that can be found in contemporary societies, but also to grasp the underlying processes of becoming a legitimate speaker in a given society. In this article, we combine the results from two studies situated in two educational institutions in Estonia in order to find out about speakers’ language attitudes and experiences in connection to learning and using Estonian. We concentrate on members of the international community who have relatively recently arrived to the country. Our results indicate that these speakers fluctuate between two prototypical discourses, which we broadly dub as ‘resistance’ and ‘adaptation’ to newspeakerness. Our study thereby adds to current debates on ‘new speaker’ and language policy issues by illustrating how tensions around language legitimacy are played out on the ground in a small nation state such as Estonia.

  • 548.
    Soler, Josep
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Roberts, Tim
    Parents’ and grandparents’ views on home language regimes: Language ideologies and trajectories of two multilingual families in Sweden2019Inngår i: Critical inquiry In Language Studies, ISSN 1542-7587, E-ISSN 1542-7595, Vol. 16, nr 4, s. 249-270Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The authors investigate the sociolinguistic dynamics in multilingual families from the point of view of speakers’ linguistic trajectories, ideologies, and repertoires. Drawing on interview data from intermarried couples of different generational and linguistic profiles of two families in Sweden, the authors examine how speakers’ lived experience with different languages shapes their stance toward bi- and multilingualism and how that particular stance in turn produces a series of effects and helps constructing specific language ideological frameworks from where speakers in that given context operate. From our analysis, it appears that an ideology of the native speaker as the legitimate and authoritative type of speaker is strongly present; the native speaker is in turn the one responsible for transmitting his or her language to the children. This is problematized by the reported language mixing that occurs in the home environment and the resulting nonobservance of the one person–one language strategy. More important than that, we argue that speakers’ ideological viewpoint in a social environment takes place dialogically and discursively. This has important consequences individually, for the speakers involved in that context, and collectively, for the type of framework that emerges.

  • 549.
    Soler, Josep
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Vihman, Virve-Anneli
    Language ideology and language planning in Estonian higher education: nationalising and globalising discourses2018Inngår i: Current Issues in Language Planning, ISSN 1466-4208, E-ISSN 1747-7506, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 22-41Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, interest in the study of language policy issues in the context of universities has grown considerably. One reason for this is the coexistence of two apparently contradictory discourses, centring around nationalising and globalising orientations. Universities are seen by many as the key institutions for safeguarding the sustainability of national languages, while in order to operate on a global scale, an increasing use of foreign languages (particularly English) is necessary in those same institutions. In our paper, we explore the tensions and ambiguities provoked by this scenario in the context of Estonian higher education (HE), focusing on the University of Tartu. More specifically, we look at how different stakeholders orient themselves towards the language question at the university: university officials, members of the university (staff and students), and members of society outside the university. Using discourse analytical tools, we map the ideological constructs with which these different stakeholders take a stance towards the two dominating discourses. In our analysis, we show that these different groups re-create and shape both the nationalising and the globalising discourses currently present in the field of HE by strategically mobilising a set of semiotic resources available to them.

  • 550.
    Soler-Carbonell, Josep
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Complexity perspectives on linguistic landscapes: A scalar analysis2016Inngår i: Linguistic Landscape, ISSN 2214-9953, E-ISSN 2214-9961, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 1-25Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Linguistic landscape studies (LLS) have become popular tools to investigate multilingual settings; yet they often lack theoretical elaboration. This paper tries to contribute to filling this gap by combining the postulates of complexity theory with the concept of ‘scale’. Taking Tallinn as a case study, I conceptualise scales as nodes of complexity, dynamically produced and reproduced by the inter-connection of different agents in interaction. The results show a significant degree of language heterogeneity in Tallinn’s LL, but one that adopts different forms in different places, something that indexes the diverse types of mobility in those settings. What appears as multilingual messiness becomes logically coherent when we look at how different semiotic resources are mobilized to co-construct different scalar frameworks. In conclusion, it is argued that a scalar analysis informed by a complexity perspective can be beneficially exploited for theoretical and methodological purposes in LLS.

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