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  • 51.
    Anderberg, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Betesmarker i Mjölkkrisens Sverige: Mjölkbönder och betesmarken, landskapet och framtiden2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The situation for Swedish dairy farmers has been difficult since 2014. Many are choosing to close down their businesses. At the same time, Sweden has experienced a reduction of important habitats consisting of grazing lands, a trend that is still ongoing. This study explores how dairy farmers look at grasslands, their values, management, and future. Through interviews with dairy farmers it investigates how farmers look at the systems of environmental compensation awarded for the management of pastures and grassland habitats. The study concludes that is primarily an aesthetic landscape value that is the main reason behind the desire to preserve pastures amongst farmers. This can be linked to a personal relationship between the farmers and the landscape he/she grew up in and help create through with their work. Any reduction in grasslands has not been observed by a majority of the interviewed farmers, despite the fact that such a reduction is occurring in their counties as a whole. This suggests that the situation can vary widely at a local level. The opinions concerning the environmental compensations vary among the interviewees, but overall there is a wish for a less bureaucratic system that provides more flexibility for the farmer. This wish for less bureaucracy is also found concerning the system around the law demanding that all cows should be allowed to graze during a period of the year. In the end, it seems important for the future of grazinglands and the habitats they create that profitability returns to the dairy farmers, since without farmers grazing will be further reduced. Today’s difficult situation for the farmers increases the risk of it being difficult to find the workforce of future farmers who are willing and able to perform the work that is done today.

  • 52.
    Anderson, Isabella
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Rumslig rättvisa - barns plats i planeringen: Göteborg som det goda exemplet?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka vilken roll barn har i planeringsprocesser, huruvida och i så fall på vilket sätt barn exkluderas eller inkluderas i processer där de som medborgare har rätt att delta. Undersökningens frågeställningar är: Hur inkluderas barn i planeringsprocesser? och Vilka uppfattningar finns kring konsekvenserna av att vissa grupper utesluts? Då Barnkonventionen blir svenska lag 2020 tar undersökningen sin utgångspunkt i planeringsprocessen som nu pågår i Göteborgs stad med framtagandet av en ny översiktsplan. Genom metodtriangulering, där observationer, intervjuer och innehållsanalys har använts, samt tidigare forskning söker jag svara på frågeställningarna. Utifrån Lefebvres spatiala triad, Madanipours tankar kring social exkludering och Harts stege för barns deltagande i demokratiska processer kopplat till den tidigare forskningen analyserar jag sedan empirin. Undersökningen visar att det finns konsekvenser med att utesluta barn samt att eldsjälar och att aktivt arbeta med att inkludera barn är betydelsefulla faktorer för att skapa rumslig rättvisa.

  • 53.
    Anderson, Leo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hotell: platsen för det nya urbana mötet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hotellbranschen har utvecklats till att fokuserar mer på att locka externa besökare utifrån, vilket förändrar dynamiken kring hur hotell ser på sig själva och dess omgivning. Denna uppsats syftar till att studerar hur hotellen använder sina publika utrymmen såsom lobby, bar och restaurang till att locka mer människor utifrån och vilka typer av rum som skapas. Uppsatsens empiriska material bygger på intervjuer med anställda på olika hotellkedjor i Stockholms län. Det teoretiska ramverket bygger främst på Ray Oldenburgs teori om den tredje platsen men även kring teorier om hotellens påverkan på städer, tjänstesamhällets utbredning och teorin om buzz. Resultatet av studien visar att hotellen har förutsättningar och möjligheter att fungera som mötesplatser som liknar den tredje platsen genom att de fått nya möjligheter genom att kombinera deras tillgång till ytor och ny teknik. Hotellens inställning till att vara en mötesplats varierar utifrån dess geografiska läge, då hotell i prime location lägen och i områden som ska eller har genomgått stadsomvandlingar var mer positiva än hotell med andra geografiska förutsättningar.

  • 54.
    Andersson, Agnes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    The bright lights grow fainter: livelihoods, migration and a small town in Zimbabwe2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Aids pandemic and structural adjustment policies (SAP) have had effects on lower income households in Zimbabwe which have been devastating and people have been required to adapt their livelihood strategies. Small towns meanwhile are growing rapidly in Zimbabwe and mobility towards these towns may be connected with the changes being forged by SAP on the economic landscape. This study seeks to establish how the individual migrant uses mobility to negotiate this landscape. This involves mobility directed towards small towns to access advantageous provisioning possibilities, and also the engagement in a multitude of family linkages from the small town to other places within the settlement system. Substantiated through a case study of Rusape, this study suggests that lower living costs, higher food security and a more accessible labour market may be attracting migrants from higher level urban centres. The role of the network of kin relations in mobility is important and migrants’ networks over space cover both rural homes and urban areas. The access to networks, however, is being stratified under SAP and the ability to maintain linkages with relatives is declining, suggesting a rising vulnerability connected with the inability of leaving places and entering others.

  • 55.
    Andersson, Emma
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
    Jämställd samhällsplanering - en möjlighet för Stockholm?: En studie om framväxten av Hjorthagen, Norra Djurgårdsstaden2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Många byggprojekt håller på att genomföras i Stockholm för att möta befolkningsökningen. Uppsatsens syfte är att ta reda på och redovisa om och hur de involverade aktörerna i byggnationen av Hjorthagen, Norra Djurgårdsstaden i Stockholm arbetar med genus- och jämställdhetsfrågor. Frågan är om Hjorthagen kommer att kunna bli en mer jämställd stadsdel än de övriga i Stockholm. Hypotesen som uppsatsen fokuserat kring är att ambitionerna att skapa en ökad jämställhet finns men att de inte införlivas.

    Den svenska staten försöker implementera jämställdhetsarbetet inom de flesta områden idag men samhällsplaneringen har inte visat något större intresse för detta. Det är Stockholms stad som har det övergripande ansvaret för den fysiska planeringen i Stockholm men också för den sociala hållbarheten där jämställdhet räknas in. Det finns flertalet dokument från bland annat Trafikverket (tidigare Vägverket), Stockholms stad och andra aktörer om hur jämställdhetsproblem ska tacklas men ännu syns inga tecken på sådan aktivitet i den fysiska planeringen. Samhällsplaneringen har i princip alltid varit könsblind och är fortfarande idag, så även i Sverige. Inom samhällsplaneringen betyder detta att kvinnors behov och erfarenheter inte uppmärksammas och man fortsätter att befästa och reproducera denna ojämställdhet.

    Studien som har genomförts är av kvalitativ typ och har analyserat intervjumaterial, litteratur och dokument för tydliggöra hur genus- och jämställdhetsfrågor behandlas av de inblandade aktörerna. Det är en deduktiv och hermeneutisk studie som till största del baseras på intervjuer av semistrukturerad natur. Intervjuerna har skett öga mot öga med representanter från Stockholms stad, politiker, byggföretag med flera.

    Resultatet av studien visar att jämställdhetsfrågan inte berörs i någon större utsträckning inom fysisk planering. En långsiktig framtidsvision publicerades 2007 där det fanns en önskan om att göra Stockholm till världens mest jämställda huvudstad till år 2030. Detta är dock något som inte syns idag. Det empiriska materialet visar på att Hjorthagen troligtvis inte kommer att bli en mer jämställd stadsdel än de övriga i Stockholm eftersom inget arbete för detta sker.

  • 56.
    Andersson, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    McPhearson, Timon
    Kremer, Peleg
    Gomez-Baggethun, Erik
    Haase, Dagmar
    Tuvendal, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Wurster, Daniel
    Scale and context dependence of ecosystem service providing units2015In: Ecosystem Services, ISSN 2212-0416, E-ISSN 2212-0416, Vol. 12, p. 157-164Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ecosystem services (ES) have been broadly adopted as a conceptual framing for addressing human nature interactions and to illustrate the ways in which humans depend on ecosystems for sustained life and well-being. Additionally, ES are being increasingly included in urban planning and management as a way to create multi-functional landscapes able to meet the needs of expanding urban populations. However, while ES are generated and utilized within landscapes we still have limited understanding of the relationship between ES and spatial structure and dynamics. Here, we offer an expanded conceptualization of these relationships through the concept of service providing units (SPUs) as a way to plan and manage the structures and preconditions that are needed for, and in different ways influence, provisioning of ES. The SPU approach has two parts: the first deals with internal dimensions of the SPUs themselves, i.e, spatial and temporal scale and organizational level, and the second outlines how context and presence of external structures (e.g, built infrastructure or larger ecosystems) affect the performance of SPUs. In doing so, SPUs enable a more nuanced and comprehensive approach to managing and designing multi-functional landscapes and achieving multiple ES goals.

  • 57.
    Andersson, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Tengö, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    McPhearson, Timon
    Kremer, Peleg
    Cultural ecosystem services as a gateway for improving urban sustainability2015In: Ecosystem Services, ISSN 2212-0416, E-ISSN 2212-0416, Vol. 12, p. 165-168Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Quality of life in cities depends, among other things, on ecosystem services (ES) generated locally within the cities by multifunctional blue and green infrastructure. Successfully protecting green infrastructure in locations also attractive for urban development requires deliberate processes of planning and policy formulation as well as broad public support. We propose that cultural ecosystem services (CES) may serve as a useful gateway for addressing and managing nature in cities. CES can help embed multifunctional ecosystems and the services they generate in urban landscapes and in the minds of urbanites and planners, and thus serve an important role in addressing urban sustainability. In the city, CES may be more directly experienced, their benefits more readily appreciated, and the environment-to-benefit linkages more easily and intuitively understood by the beneficiaries relative to many material ES. Thus, we suggest that a focus on CES supply can be a good starting point for increasing the awareness among urban residents also of the importance of ES. Furthermore, CES are often generated interdependently with other critical ES and engaging people in the stewardship of CES could provide increased awareness of the benefits of a larger group of urban non-cultural ES.

  • 58.
    Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Abramsson, Marianne
    Changing residential mobility rates of older people in Sweden2012In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 32, no 6, p. 963-982Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The lifestyle of the baby boomers as retirees has been assumed to differ from older cohorts due to them being financially more stable and having grown up during the welfare state expansion. Many baby boomers live in large houses with gardens that require maintenance and labour. Recent studies have indicated that a growing share of those born in the 1940s in Sweden express a wish to change residence at retirement or in old age. A need to verify such results statistically was identified to confirm whether there has been an increase in residential mobility among older people. As a result, moves that took place during 2001–06 of the total cohort born in the 1940s were compared to similar moves by those born in the 1930s, ten years earlier during 1991–96, i.e. those aged 57–66 in 1996 and 2006. The study used a register database, Geoswede, containing the entire Swedish population. The study showed increased residential mobility rates among the 1940s cohort compared to the cohort born in the 1930s. However, explanations for the differences between the cohorts were not evident.

  • 59.
    Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Abramsson, Marianne
    Linköping University.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Residential Preferences of the Elderly Population: Age, Class, and Geographical Context2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 60.
    Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hennerdal, Pontus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    The Re-Emergence of Educational Inequality during a Period of Reforms: A Study of Swedish School Leavers 1991–20122018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Against the background of a liberalization of Swedish compulsory education, this paper analyses post-1991 shifts in the way compulsory education performance in Sweden has been shaped by parental background, residential context and school context. We can document increasing school and residential segregation of foreign background students and, after 2008, increasing segregation by income, employment status, and social allowance reception. Over time, educational performance has become increasingly linked to family, neighbourhood and school context. The greatest change has been for parental background, but the importance of school context and neighbourhood context has also increased. A noteworthy finding is that residential context consistently has a stronger effect on student performance than school context. Student grades were found to be most strongly influenced by the closest (12 or 25) residential peers of the school leavers as compared to larger peer groups. The increase in the influence of family, neighbourhood and residential context has been accompanied by a dramatic increase in the between-school variation (ICC) in student performance, but it was not until after 2005 that this increased variability became clearly linked to the social composition of the schools. This study’s results suggest that the restructuring of Swedish compulsory education has had consequences for equality, possibly because disadvantaged social groups have not been as able as advantaged groups to navigate and benefit from the educational landscape created by the school reforms.

  • 61.
    Andersson, Eva K
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    From Valley of Sadness to Hill of Happiness: The Significance of Surroundings for Socioeconomic Career2004In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 641-659Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interest in neighbourhood effects has been increasing. This article is a contribution to the field, directed towards the entire areas of three municipalities in Sweden, not only their distressed areas, and to their total population with data from the Statistics Sweden register. The aim of the study is to analyse the significance of surroundings to an individual's socioeconomic career in the form of education, occupational status and income. Guided by a theoretical framework of social justice, the study proposes places of good fortune and places of few opportunities. The survey cohort is individuals born in 1970, who lived at least 5 years in the same area during their adolescence. Their careers are analysed 10 years later, in 1995. The most important finding is that the socio-demographic and physical context of the residential area of adolescence affects the subsequent socioeconomic career.

  • 62.
    Andersson, Eva K.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Rural housing market hot spots and footloose in-migrants2015In: Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, ISSN 1566-4910, E-ISSN 1573-7772, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 17-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study applies a housing market perspective to hot spots in rural Northern Sweden. Here, the concept of a hot spot is defined as a place with rising house prices and in-migration of households with higher than average education and income. Perceptions and performances in these particular housing markets are studied using interviews. Three locations are explored through interviews with footloose households. The aim is to explore factors that shape rural housing market hot spots, using narratives from footloose in-migrants. There is a need for greater understanding of the spread and maintenance of hot spots and rural housing markets in regional planning. Also, housing markets in the countryside are more scantily investigated than in urban areas. In an unbalanced housing market, with higher prices and limited supply in the urban areas, hot spots in rural areas are anomalies that do not follow traditional housing market theories. Results show that hot spots are locations with natural beauty to which households moved upon finding employment. Footloose in-migrants are thus discovered to indicate a hot spot development. The hot spot areas have the extra natural beauty, cheap housing in combination with a high status, as well as it is a location suitable for commuting. Hot spots have a rare combination of factors sought after by footloose in-migrants.

  • 63.
    Andersson, Eva K.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Rural Housing Market Hotspots and Footloose In-migrants2012In: ENHR Conference 2012Housing: Local Welfare and Local Marketsin a Globalised WorldBook of AbstractsEuropean, Nova , 2012, p. 93-93Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study applies a housing market perspective on hotspots in northern, rural Sweden. It uses the concept ‘hotspot’ defined as places with rising house prices and in-migration of households with higher than average education and income. The focus rests on three places having the ideal characteristics of being a rural hotspot, located in three Swedish northern municipalities. These places are explored through ten interviews with ‘footloose’ households. The aim is to explore factors that shape rural housing market hotspots using stories from hotspot population households. The first reason for this study is that regional planning requests understanding to develop different regions and places for the future. Here the origins of hotspots are explored to understand the spread and sustainability of such developments. Second, housing markets in the countryside are more scantily investigated than in urban areas. In the unbalanced housing market with higher prices and limited supply in the urban areas hotspots in rural areas are not following traditional housing market theories, they are rather anomalies. Interviews with a specific footloose group of recent hotspot in-migrants are used in combination with knowledge about the housing market. Results show that although hotspots are locations with beautiful nature most households moved there because of finding jobs. The three areas have the ‘extra’ nature values and high status required for being a hotspot and a location for commuting to larger labor markets. The ‘footloose’ non-return migrants did find nice, cheaper housing that made them chose the area despite being strangers to the place. I suggest hotspots are the rare combination of footloose migrants and special places which make them difficult to develop elsewhere.

  • 64.
    Andersson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Abramsson, Marianne
    Malmberg, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Patterns of changing residential preferences during late adulthood2019In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 39, no 8, p. 1752-1781Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Earlier research on residential mobility has demonstrated a tendency for the young old of the 55+-population to prefer peripheral locations, whereas older age groups choose central locations. Here, we present survey results indicating that such late-adulthood differences in preferences are supported by age–related shifts corresponding to differences in housing preferences expressed by individuals in peripheral as well as central locations in Sweden. A sample of 2,400 individuals aged 55 years and over was asked to select the seven most important characteristics of a dwelling from a list of 21 alternatives (SHIELD survey 2013). The preferences expressed were used as dependent variables in logistic regressions to determine to what extent the housing preferences of older people are linked to age, gender, socio-economic status and type of geographical area. The results demonstrated a close link between neighbourhood characteristics and housing preferences. Owning the dwelling, having a garden, and access to nature were stressed as important by individuals living in non-metropolitan middle-class areas and in suburban elite areas. The youngest cohort expressed similar preferences. Older age groups instead stressed the importance of an elevator, single-storey housing, and a good design for independent living; preferences that have similarities to those expressed by individuals living in large cities and smaller urban centres where such housing is more readily available.

  • 65.
    Andersson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Lyngstad, Torkild Hovde
    Sleutjes, Bart
    Comparing Patterns of Segregation in North-Western Europe: A Multiscalar Approach2018In: European Journal of Population, ISSN 0168-6577, E-ISSN 1572-9885, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 151-168Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 66.
    Andersson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Segregation and the effects of adolescent residential context on poverty risks and early income career: A study of the Swedish 1980 cohort2018In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 55, no 2, p. 365-383Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Will the consequences of residential segregation, that is, spatial concentration of marginalized populations on the one hand, and spatial concentration of affluent populations on the other hand, generate a situation where individual life trajectories are influenced by where individuals grow up? Our aim is to analyze how poverty risks and early income career at adult age are influenced by different neighborhood contexts in early youth. We use Swedish longitudinal register data, and follow individuals born in 1980 until 2012. Residential context is measured in 1995 at age 15 by expanding a buffer around the residential locations of each individual and, by computing statistical aggregates of different socio-demographic variables for that population. The results show that poverty risks increase for individuals growing up in areas characterized by high numbers of social allowance recipients living nearby, whereas elite geographical context is favorable for both women’s and men’s future income.

  • 67.
    Andersson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Costa, Rafael
    Sleutjes, Bart
    Stonawski, Marcin Jan
    de Valk, Helga A. G.
    A Comparative Study of Segregation Patterns in Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands and Sweden: Neighbourhood Concentration and Representation of Non-European Migrants2018In: European Journal of Population, ISSN 0168-6577, E-ISSN 1572-9885, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 251-275Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we use geo-coded, individual-level register data on four European countries to compute comparative measures of segregation that are independent of existing geographical sub-divisions. The focus is on non-European migrants, for whom aggregates of egocentric neighbourhoods (with different population counts) are used to assess small-scale, medium-scale, and large-scale segregation patterns. At the smallest scale level, corresponding to neighbourhoods with 200 persons, patterns of over- and under-representation are strikingly similar. At larger-scale levels, Belgium stands out as having relatively strong over- and under-representation. More than 55% of the Belgian population lives in large-scale neighbourhoods with moderate under- or over-representation of non-European migrants. In the other countries, the corresponding figures are between 30 and 40%. Possible explanations for the variation across countries are differences in housing policies and refugee placement policies. Sweden has the largest and Denmark the smallest non-European migrant population, in relative terms. Thus, in both migrant-dense and native-born-dense areas, Swedish neighbourhoods have a higher concentration and Denmark a lower concentration of non-European migrants than the other countries. For large-scale, migrant-dense neighbourhoods, however, levels of concentration are similar in Belgium, the Netherlands, and Sweden. Thus, to the extent that such concentrations contribute to spatial inequalities, these countries are facing similar policy challenges.

  • 68.
    Andersson, Eva K
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Naumanen, Päivi
    Ruonavaara, Hannu
    Turner, Bengt
    Housing, Socio-Economic Security and Risks. A Qualitative Comparison of Household Attitudes in Finland and Sweden2007In: European Journal of Housing Policy, ISSN 1461-6718, E-ISSN 1473-3269, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 151-172Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the meaning of housing and the perception of socio-economic security of different forms of tenure in Sweden and Finland. Household interviews reveal that, in stark contrast to Finland, Swedish respondents think that home ownership is not safer than renting. Few ‘absolutists’ can be found in Sweden who believe that one tenure is superior to the other, while home ownership is still favoured in Finland despite a major housing crash in the 1990s. However, some similarities were also present: for example, even though renting has a much more positive image in Sweden than in Finland, home ownership nonetheless was the number one housing preference. There are prima facie reasons to assume that attitudes in the two countries would tend towards convergence given the marked similarities in culture and society due to common history and cultural diffusion (usually from Sweden to Finland) and similar welfare state models producing relatively low income inequality. The paper hypothesizes that differences in attitudes are due to different institutional arrangements in connection with different cultural values attached to housing and tenure.

  • 69.
    Andersson, Eva K
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Subramanian, S.V.
    Harvard School of Public Health.
    Explorations of neighborhood and educational outcomes for young Swedes2006In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 43, no 11, p. 2013-2025Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to estimate the impact of neighbourhoods on educational outcome for adolescents in Sweden. Using a multilevel statistical approach and the PLACE database that consists of a census of individuals in 1990-2000 in Sweden, the paper explores different domains of neighbourhood characteristics that predict educational outcomes in adolescents. Educational achievement in year 2000 was measured for three cohorts, geocoded to their neighbourhood environments. It was found that neighbourhood characteristics related to socioeconomic resources and demographic stability are predictors of individual educational outcomes. A strong association between neighbourhood socio-cultural capital variables and education were also observed. Despite national policies on availability and access to education in Sweden, there are substantial inequalities in educational outcomes that are not simply a result of differences in individual characteristics.

  • 70.
    Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Contextual Effects on Educational Attainment in Individualized Neighborhoods: Differences across Gender and Social Class2013Report (Other academic)
  • 71.
    Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Costa, Rafael
    Sleutjes, Bart
    Stonawski, Marcin Jan
    de Valk, Helga
    A Comparative Study of Segregation Patterns in Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands and Sweden: Neighbourhood Concentration and Representation of Non-European Migrants2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we use geo-coded, individual level register data on four European countries to compute comparative measures of segregation that are independent of existing geographical sub- divisions. The focus is on non-European migrants, and using aggregates for egocentric neighbourhoods with different population counts, small-scale, medium-scale, and large-scale segregation patterns are assessed. At the smallest scale level, corresponding to neighbourhoods with 200 persons, patterns of over- and under-representation are strikingly similar. At larger scale levels, Belgium stands out as having relatively strong over- and under-representation. More than 55% of the Belgian population lives in large-scale neighbourhoods with moderate under- or over- representation of non-European migrants. In the other countries, the corresponding figures are between 30 % and 40%. Possible explanations for this pattern are differences in housing policies and refugee placement policies. Sweden has the largest and Denmark the smallest non-European migrant population, in relative terms. Thus, in both migrant-dense and native-born dense areas, Swedish neighbourhoods have a higher concentration, and Denmark a lower concentration of non- European migrants than the other countries. For large-scale, migrant-dense neighbourhoods, however, levels of concentration are similar in Belgium, the Netherlands, and Sweden. Thus, if this pattern is linked to a high concentration of disadvantaged population groups, it shows that these countries are facing similar policy challenges with respect to neighbourhood contexts. Contexts that can have negative effects on outcomes such as employment, income and education. 

  • 72.
    Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Östh, John
    Kulturgeografiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Travel-to-school distances in Sweden 2000-2006: Changing school geography with equality implications2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 73.
    Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Östh, John
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Travel-to-schooldistances in Sweden 2000–2006: changing school geography with equality implications2012In: Journal of Transport Geography, ISSN 0966-6923, E-ISSN 1873-1236, Vol. 23, no SI, p. 35-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Twenty years ago the Swedish school system underwent serious change in that students were given the right to choose their school, though those living near each school had priority. Since then, there has been a new geographical debate concerning where students live and go to school and possible implications of this on student educational achievement and educational equality, as well as on students’ daily lives. In studies of changes in the school system, traveldistances to school have so far been less studied in the Swedish context. In this paper we will analyze the changes in distance to school for 15-year-olds, from 2000 to 2006, in order to identify who, and in which context, is traveling shorter/longer distances, and thus performing a school choice. We use register data from the database PLACE, Uppsala University. The focus is not on effects on achievement, nor school composition, but instead on the difference in ability/possibility of using school choice as measured by distance. A time-geography approach concerning variation in constraints between students is used. School choice may be a matter of preference for certain schools, but importantly, it might also be a matter of time and space restrictions for families with fewer resources; that is, with less spatial capital and a limited opportunity structure. Results show that travel to schooldistances have increased since the year 2000. Foreign-born students are traveling shorter distances, except for those with highly educated parents. Shorter distances are also travelled by students from families with social assistance and for visible minorities in areas where such minorities exist.

  • 74.
    Andersson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Drefahl, Sven
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Long-Distance Migration and Mortality in Sweden: Testing the Salmon Bias and Healthy Migrant Hypotheses2017In: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 23, no 4, article id UNSP e2032Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    International migrants often have lower mortality rates than the native populations in their new host countries. Several explanations have been proposed, but in the absence of data covering the entire life courses of migrants both before and after each migration event, it is difficult to assess the validity of different explanations. In the present study, we apply hazard regressions to Swedish register data to study the mortality of long-distance migrants from Northern to Southern Sweden as well as the mortality of return migrants to the North. In this way, we can study a situation that at least partly resembles that of international migration while still having access to data covering the full demographic biographies of all migrants. This allows us to test the relative roles of salmon bias and healthy migrant status in observed mortality rates of long-distance migrants. We find no mortality differentials between residents in northern and southern Sweden, and no evidence of a selection of healthy migrants from the North to the South. In contrast, we provide clear evidence of salmon effects' in terms of elevated mortality of the return migrants to northern Sweden, which are produced when migrants return to their place of origin in relation to subsequent death.

  • 75. Andersson, Hans
    et al.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Ekologi och samhällsförändringar sedda genom en ödegård2016In: Kan man leva på en ödegård?: Huvudgårdar, landbotorp och odlingssystem under medeltid i Lägerbobygden, Östergötland / [ed] Hans Andersson, Mats Widgren, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, 2016, p. 185-192Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 76. Andersson, Hans
    et al.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Inledning2016In: Kan man leva på en ödegård? Huvudgårdar, landbotorp och odlingssystem under medeltid i Lägerbobygden, Östergötland / [ed] Hans Andersson, Mats Widgren, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, 2016, p. 11-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 77. Andersson, Hans
    et al.
    Widgren, MatsStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Kan man leva på en ödegård? Huvudgårdar, landbotorp och odlingssystem under medeltid i Lägerbobygden, Östergötland2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Is it possible to survive on a deserted farm: Manors, tenants and farming systems during the Middle Ages in the Lägerbo area, Östergötland. 

    This study approaches the late medieval farm desertion from a landscape perspective. It focuses on the area of a former medieval estate in southern Östergötland, Sweden. Based on a retrogressive analysis of cadastral maps and historical records the medieval settlement is reconstructed. In this process three formerly unknown deserted farms were identified, with abandoned field systems and building remains.  The volume provides the archaeological documentation of field systems and settlements at these sites. These data provide the background for investigating the shifting social and ecological circumstances that once made it possible for tenant families to survive on these farms. During the height of the manorial system the small farms were specialised units in a redistributive system. In the late 14th century the estate and all tenant farms were donated to the convents of Vadstena and Vreta.  Rents were no longer paid in labour but in butter.  In the fifteenth century several farms were abandoned and turned into meadows under the surviving farms. The new tenurial relations prevented the recolonization of the farms. The study is the result of an interdisciplinary project involving medieval archaeology, historical geography, palynology and medieval history.

  • 78.
    Andersson, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Beyond “Guggenheiming”: From flagship buildings to flagship space in Sweden2014In: Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0029-1951, E-ISSN 1502-5292, Vol. 68, no 4, p. 228-237Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Flagship buildings are promoted as a good strategy to stimulate economic development. Pushed by a range of actors, “best practice” examples are being copied from place to place around the globe. Flagship buildings are accompanied by a discourse of place branding that stresses a need for cities to improve their attractiveness. Drawing on this discourse and ongoing discussions on deterritorialization and reterritorialization in urban and economic geography, the author argues that there is an overly deterritorialized approach to flagship buildings in the place-branding literature. Using a conceptual framework inspired by the reterritorialization debate, she introduces the concept of “flagship space,” emphasizing a dualism in place branding encompassing both deterritorialized and territorial processes that in interplay create best-practice examples. The empirical analysis examines the development of five flagship hotels in Sweden. The author concludes that the five hotels have both created and are constantly reproducing their statuses as flagship developments. However, the creation and reproduction of status is not only upheld by the operators of the hotels but is also a joint effort of actors in the local community. Through these processes and practices the understanding of the hotels is broadened from merely being flagship buildings to creators of flagship space.

  • 79.
    Andersson, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Branding and networking: Hotels as creators of new economic spaces in post-industrial towns2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 80.
    Andersson, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Geographies of Place Branding: Researching through small and medium sized cities2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Place branding is commonly conceptualized with a focus on big cities, such as London, New York and Singapore, building from concepts and models from mainstream branding theory. In contrast to such conceptualizations, this thesis focuses on place branding in small and medium-sized cities. The present thesis aims to study place branding from a geographical perspective. It starts with debates theoretical and empirical understandings of place branding; what it is and how it is affecting the places where it is introduced. The thesis develops and argues for a perspective of territoriality and relationality to place branding discussing concepts, methods and empirical approaches to carry out place branding research using geographical perspectives. Empirically, this thesis focuses on in-depth studies of place branding in small and medium-sized cities in Sweden. By analyzing the development of place branding over the course of time, nuances and aspects of both territorial and relational origin emerge, situating place branding practices within a wider spatial contextualization. Four individual papers are presented, which taken together contribute to the aim of the thesis. Paper 1 introduces the place branding research field in geography and how it has developed; Paper 2 investigates the phenomena of flagship buildings located in small cities and towns; Paper 3 discusses the relationship between policy tourism and place branding; and Paper 4 analyzes how local environmental policies are affected by green place branding. The thesis demonstrates the complex and continuously interchangeable spatial structures and place contexts that create and re-produce the geographies of place branding. Here, research models and methodological examples are presented to illustrate how place branding can be studied from a geographical perspective and thus improve theoretical understandings of place branding.

  • 81.
    Andersson, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Globala flöden och lokala praktiker: En introduktion2018In: Globala flöden och lokala praktiker: policymobilitet i tid och rum / [ed] Ida Andersson, Stockholm: Svenska sällskapet för antropologi och geografi , 2018, p. 7-24Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 82.
    Andersson, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Globala flöden och lokala praktiker: policymobilitet i tid och rum2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Policymobilitet är temat för 2018 års Ymer. Det är ett forskningsområde som vuxit kraftigt under de senaste två decennierna. Som praktik har dock policymobilitet förekommit betydligt längre än så, inte minst inom samhällsplanering och politik. Här har intresset för att hämta inspiration från andra platser och att lära sig av andras erfarenheter varit etablerat sedan länge. I den här boken presenteras en lång rad olika perspektiv på policy, och på dess sociala och rumsliga mobilitet och påverkan. Kapitlen diskuterar nutida och historiska exempel från Sverige i huvudsak, men även från Norge, Danmark, Ghana, Kenya och Sudan. Kapitlen diskuterar policy med olika perspektiv på skala - från det lokala och regionala till det nationella och internationella. Tillsammans bidrar dessa med en fördjupad kunskap om såväl policy som policymobilitet, och om hur makt, traditioner och strukturer påverkar hur policy utformas och sprids till olika platser. 

  • 83.
    Andersson, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    'Green cities' going greener? Local environmental policy-making and place branding in the 'Greenest City in Europe'2016In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 24, no 6, p. 1197-1215Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A growing number of cities around the world have taken advantage of their green image of the purpose of place branding. In the research literature, it is suggested that these practices are motivated by place-based competition over financial and social capital, combined with more holistic motives of sustainable urban development. However, although an increasing number of green cities are engaged in place branding, few studies have researched the impact of place branding on environmental policy-making in a city, building up to the question: how is local environmental policy-making affected by green place branding? Addressing this issue, this paper critically investigates how the continuity of local environmental policy-making is affected by place-branding practices. To tackle this task, the paper firstly develops an analytical framework aiming to understand how green cities emerge and become famous based on their policy-making. Secondly, using that framework, this paper present an in-depth case study of a city branding itself as the 'Greenest City in Europe'. Drawing on the growing body of work on green cities, this paper investigates the 'understudied' practice of using policy for the purpose of place branding as well as the impact of place branding 'on the environment'.

  • 84.
    Andersson, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    "Green cities" going greener? Local environmental policymaking & place branding in the ”Greenest city in Europe”Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A growing number of cities around the world have taken advantage of their green image of the purpose of place branding. In the research literature, it is suggested that these practices are motivated by place-based competition over financial and social capital, combined with more holistic motives of sustainable urban development. However, although an increasing number of green cities are engaged in place branding, few studies have researched the impact of place branding on environmental policy-making in a city. What happens to local environmental policy-making when a framework of place branding embraces it? Addressing this issue, this paper discusses how the continuity of local environmental policy-making is affected by place-branding practices. To tackle this task, the paper first introduces an analytical framework of the elements in environmental policy-making that have been identified as generating a green status for cities. Secondly, using that framework, this paper present an in-depth case study of a city branding itself as the “Greenest city in Europe”. Drawing on the growing body of work on green cities, this paper investigates the “understudied” practice of using policy for the purpose of place branding as well as the impact of place branding “on the environment”.

  • 85.
    Andersson, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hotels as flagship buildings: Emerging economies in small towns2012In: Hotel spaces: urban and economic geographical perspectives on hotels and hotel developments / [ed] Lukas Smas, Stockholm: Kulturgeografiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet , 2012, , p. 20Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 86.
    Andersson, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Placing place branding: an analysis of an emerging research field in human geography2014In: Geografisk tidsskrift, ISSN 0016-7223, E-ISSN 1903-2471, Vol. 114, no 2, p. 143-155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A growing trend among policy-makers is to regard place branding as a crucial component of regional development strategies. Alongside this shift in policy, research on place branding has increased drastically throughout the social sciences, building on concepts and ideas from corporate branding. This research has been given a number of critical testimonies claiming that place branding lacks coherent theoretical frameworks based on research findings, that it promotes simplified perspectives of places and that little empirical evidence is found to support positive effects of place branding. Branding is at the same time argued to be inherently geographical, since it is situated in and associated with spaces and places. Based on these claims and with the aim to contribute to the understanding of this emerging literature, this paper provides an in-depth analysis of the conceptual development of place branding research in human geography making three claims: Firstly, the theoretical understandings of place branding have moved beyond a conceptual framework stemming from corporate branding. Secondly, these theoretical developments are mainly derived from empirically based research. Thirdly, geographers, by studying place branding using various conceptions of place as defined in human geography, are making distinctive conceptual contributions to the multi-disciplinary research field of place branding.

  • 87.
    Andersson, Ida
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Cook, Ian R.
    Conferences, award ceremonies and the showcasing of ‘best practice’: A case study of the annual European Week of Regions and Cities in Brussels2019In: Environment and Planning. C, Government and Policy, ISSN 0263-774X, E-ISSN 1472-3425Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper makes the case that conferences and award ceremonies are important means throughwhich best practices are presented as being successful, transferable and transformative. To dothis, it draws on the expanding literature on policy mobilities and a case study of the EuropeanWeek of Regions and Cities conference and one of the centrepieces at the conference, theRegioStars awards ceremony. Organised by public bodies within the European Union andEuropean Commission, these events take place annually in Brussels, and focus on best practicein regional and urban policy. The paper elaborates on its main argument in three ways. The first isthat award ceremonies and conferences shape and are shaped by institutional, spatial and scalardynamics. The second being that learning and educating are central to the performance ofconferences, award ceremonies and the associated mobilisation of policies. The third argumentis that such events have important consequences for those hosting the events.

  • 88.
    Andersson, Ida
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hermelin, Brita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hur hållbar utveckling blev en fråga om hållbara städer, nätverksplanering och hållbar tillväxt2012In: Hållbar utveckling: samhällsplanering, lokala villkor och globala beroenden / [ed] Lennart Tonell, Stockholm: Svenska sällskapet för antropologi och geografi , 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 89.
    Andersson, Ida
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    James, Laura
    Altruism or entrepreneurialism? The co-evolution of green place branding and policy tourism in Växjö, Sweden2018In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 55, no 15, p. 3437-3453Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    More and more cities around the world are adopting green-city labels and are making use of their urban environmental policymaking for the purpose of place branding. However, the nature of the relationship between the branding of green cities and urban environmental policymaking is contested. Some researchers have highlighted so-called ‘greenwashing’ and the cherry-picking of easily attained goals. Others argue that green branding is driven by altruism, rather than intra-urban competition and entrepreneurialism. Drawing on literatures on policy tourism and green place branding, this article presents a longitudinal study of green branding in Växjö, Sweden. It contributes to the debate on green place branding by showing how two sets of contradictory impulses – entrepreneurialism/competition versus altruism/cooperation, and cherry-picking/greenwashing versus comprehensive environmental policymaking – affect the relationship between green place branding and environmental policy. In particular, the analysis illuminates the changing role played by policy tourism in shaping both the development of environmental policies and branding practices.

  • 90.
    Andersson, Ida
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    James, Laura
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    From the greenest city in Europe to green heptathlon: place branding and policy tourism in Växjö, Sweden’Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the motivations and practices of cities engaging in policy boosterism, ‘a subset of traditional branding and marketing activities that involves the active promotion of locally developed and/or locally successful policies, programs, or practices across wider geographical fields as well as to broader communities of interested peers' (McCann, 2013: 5). The paper draws together literatures on policy boosterism, policy tourism, and place branding to explore the motivations of cities sharing policies in a competitive policy environment through policy tourism.  Using the case of environmental and urban sustainability policies in Växjö, Sweden, we examine how the rationale for sharing policy has changed over time, and how this both reflects and shapes the organization of policy tourism through technical visits and the branding of Växjö as ‘the greenest city in Europe’. Our study suggests that policy tourism and urban policymaking co-evolve in the context of policy boosterism. In Växjö what began as opportunistic branding now drives local environmental policymaking as the city strives to remain at the cutting edge. We suggest that detailed, longitudinal case studies are required to build a picture of the relationship between policy boosterism, policy tourism and urban policymaking in a variety of contexts. 

  • 91. Andersson, Krister P.
    et al.
    Smith, Steven M.
    Alston, Lee J.
    Duchelle, Amy E.
    Mwangi, Esther
    Larson, Anne M.
    de Sassi, Claudio
    Sills, Erin O.
    Sunderlin, William D.
    Wong, Grace Y.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Wealth and the distribution of benefits from tropical forests: Implications for REDD2018In: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 72, p. 510-522Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interventions to strengthen forest conservation in tropical biomes face multiple challenges. Insecure land tenure and unequal benefit sharing within forest user groups are two of the most important. Using original household level survey data from 130 villages in six countries, we assess how current wealth inequality relates to tenure security and benefit flows from forest use. We find that villages with higher wealth inequality report lower tenure security and more unequal flows from forest income and externally sourced income. Furthermore, we find that wealthier individuals within villages capture a disproportionately larger share of the total amount of forest benefits available to each village, while external income often benefits poorer individuals more. These findings suggest that unless future forest conservation interventions actively work to mitigate inequalities linked to existing forest benefit flows, there is a risk that these interventions-including those associated with REDD + activities reproduce or even aggravate pre-existing socioeconomic inequalities within user groups, potentially undermining both their conservation and economic objectives.

  • 92.
    Andersson, Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Access to safe water in rural Bangladesh: An intersectional analysis of the arsenic crisis in rural Bangladesh2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     The purpose of this thesis is to study the intersectional impact of the arsenic crisis and the access to safe water in rural Bangladesh. Particular focus is set on the gender-related differences in the impact of arsenicosis. In order to also understand how different groups of women are affected by the arsenic crisis an intersectional analysis is utilized. The empirical data was collected during a qualitative case study in six arsenic acute villages in southwest Bangladesh. The study has applied a feminist geographical conceptual framework and utilized semi structured interviews and focus groups as primary methods: 49 semi structured interviews and 16 focus groups. Additional information has been gathered through observations and secondary sources. The results of the study indicate that the arsenic crisis and the access to safe water are aggravating gender inequalities as well as gender roles and responsibilities. The gender inequalities related to arsenicosis are particularly manifested in the access to health care and in the degree of social stigmatization: women are the biggest victims, and unmarried women in particular. The study also concludes that multiple axes of oppression such as class, disability, age and race should additionally be considered along with gender when studying the impact of the arsenic crisis on women. Along with gender oppression these additional groups of oppression are the most important ones in determining the magnitude of the negative impact of the arsenic crisis on women.

  • 93.
    Andersson, Sanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Flexibilitet: Att skapa flexibla stadsmiljöer och rum för det annorlunda2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna essä undersöker jag hur olika idéer kring att skapa flexibla stadsmiljöer kan kopplas till målen om social hållbarhet. Argumenten och efterfrågan av flexibilitet diskuteras i förhållande till en förändrad syn på samhället och begreppet rum samt en strävan efter att skapa plats för det ”annorlunda”.  I arbetet förs en diskussion om hur olika teorier använder sig av flexibilitet och vilken form av flexibilitet man syftar på. Den konceptuella diskussionen kompletteras med två exempel från Stockholms stad, en urban trädgård och en normkritisk bar/galleri/scen. Den flexibilitet som argumenteras för i de idéer som jag sett närmare på fokuserar på gränser, fysiska och mentala som verkar för ramar i stadsmiljöer. Man förespråkar att se processerna som skapar och formar rummen och gränserna som skapas som plurala. Genom att arbeta med flexibla gränser så kan man skapa mångtydiga stadsmiljöer som är öppna även för det ”annorlunda”.

  • 94.
    Andervad, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    To care about the environment: Technologies of government in forest conservation - Khasi Hills, India2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Involvement of communities in forest conservation and other forms of environmental governance isproliferating. Reduced emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD+) is one mechanism,designed to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases by reversing deforestation trends in low-incomecountries. The benefits of involving communities in conservation projects have been recognized,but one aspect of environmental governance that so far has received less attention is how theinterests and attitudes of people towards the environment are altering over time and with newinstitutional arrangements. Based on interviews and group discussions during fieldwork in theKhasi Hills REDD+ project, Meghalaya, India, profound changes in environmental subjectivitieswere found among the people in the area. New regulations, changes in the environment, raisedawareness, and changed practices have turned forests into an entity seen as important for protection.Using a governmentality framework, the objectives and rationalities of forest protection have beeninternalized among the population. Further, the material characteristics of nature was found to be anaspect in subject formation. This thesis argues that local attitudes towards conservation correspondto changes beyond governance structures that ought to be taken under consideration for why peoplecome to perceive the environment as they do.

  • 95.
    Andrae, Gunilla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Beckman, Björn
    Lagos Tailors, Trade Unions, and Organizations in the Informal Economy2013In: African Studies Review, ISSN 0002-0206, E-ISSN 1555-2462, Vol. 56, no 3, p. 191-208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In January 2012 a broad spectrum of popular groups staged an unprecedented protest against the removal of what has been termed a “subsidy” on fuel prices by the Nigerian government. The participation of tailors in this national political event suggests that self-employed artisans were prepared to transcend their narrow nonpolitical agenda to promote their interests and demands for decent social and economic conditions. Interviews with participating organization representatives in Lagos indicate the supportive role of alliances with labor unions and organized informal workers at large. We see current global developments in the textile industry as conducive to this outcome.

  • 96.
    Andrae, Gunilla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Beckman, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Trade unions, tailors, and civil society2011In: Labour, capital and society, ISSN 0706-1706, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 18-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The power of trade unions is under threat. Membership dwindles and labour rights are subverted. Trade unions in Nigeria attempt to boost their power and numbers by linking up with the vast majority in the informal economy. Nigeria’s textile industry is in steep decline. Can the once powerful textile union recover its strength by linking up with the tailors? Can they jointly challenge the neoliberal order? This article discusses the scope for advancing broader national goals, including democratization and making the state more responsive to economic and political needs. In conclusion, it raises issues of wider alliances. It sees organising in the informal economy and alliances across the formal-informal divide as critical to the reorientation of the national economy.

  • 97.
    Andrae, Gunilla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Beckman, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Union power and the formal -informal divide2010In: Missing Links in Labour Geography / [ed] A.C. Bergene, S.B. Endresen, h. Knutsen, Aldershot, Harts: Ashgate, 2010Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 98.
    Andrae, Gunilla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Bäckman, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Alliances across the formal-informal divide: South African debate and Nigerian experiences2010In: Africa's informal workers: collective agency, alliances and transnational organizing in urban Africa / [ed] Ilda Lindell, London & New York: Zed Books, 2010Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 99.
    Andræ, Gunilla
    Stockholm University.
    Industry in Ghana: production form and spatial structure1981Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 100.
    André, Rebecka
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Roundabout 42: A study on slum upgrading in Kibera and its implications for informal traders2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims at uncovering consequences for and strategies amongst informal traders in Kibera caused by the slum upgrading project known as the Relocation Action Plan. Henri Lefebvre’s concept Right to the City is the theoretical framework through which the experiences of the informal traders is analyzed. By using the three themes; socio-spatial exclusion, citizenship and participation, and appropriation and struggle the thesis shows how Lefebvre’s concept can be used in a specific Kenyan context.

    The empirical data was gathered during two months of field work in Kibera, Nairobi. 15 semi-structured interviews with informal traders were conducted on the site. Participatory observation was also used as a method to gain deeper knowledge. The results show that the informal traders face several challenges at their current location and in regard to the relocation. Uncertainties and lack of information surrounding the project creates further stress and limits the informal traders’ possibilities to invent new and use existing strategies to mitigate the negative impacts of the relocation. The results also highlight how the organization of space in Roundabout 42 is affected by the project and in turn affecting the informal traders. Despite the projects shortcomings, I argue that the Relocation Action Plan further strengthens the importance of participation and Lefebvre’s concept right to the city.

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