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  • 51.
    Lalander, Rickard
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Gustafsson, Maria-Therese
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies. Latinamerika-Institutet.
    Movimiento indígena y liderazgo político local en la Sierra ecuatoriana:: ¿Actores políticos o proceso social?2008In: Provincia: Revista venezolana de estudios territoriales, ISSN 1317-9533, no 19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The indigenous movement in Ecuador has combined social mobilization with political institutionalization. The organic relation between the social movement CONAIE and the political party (or movement) Pachakutik has been successful, but also complicated, giving rise to internal conflicts and fragmentation. In this study the relations between Pachakutik and CONAIE are analyzed at the local level in Otavalo and Cotacachi. The authors argue for the importance to analyze the organizational structures locally, since the indigenous movements has been strongest at this level. In Otavalo the ethnic tensions have been clearly manifested through rupture of the mayor, Mario Conejo who left Pachakutik and created a new political movement – Minga Intercultural-. The case of Cotacachi is likewise particular since an alliance is established between the mayor Auki Tituaña and the peasant movement, UNORCAC (with links to the Socialist Party). Drawing on an analytical framework of collective action and decentralization the authors argue that it is impossible to draw an exact line between what is the social and the political movement.

  • 52.
    Lalander, Rickard
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies. Latinamerika-Institutet.
    Gustafsson, Maria-Therese
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies. Latinamerika-Institutet.
    ¿Proceso social o actores políticos?: Reflexiones sobre Pachakutik y CONAIE desde Imbabura2008In: Aportes Andinos, no 21Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    El movimiento indígena ecuatoriano ha combinado movilización social con institucionalización política. La relación orgánica entre el movimiento social –CONAIE- y el partido (o movimiento) político -Pachakutik- ha sido tanto exitosa como complicada, con implicaciones en formas de conflictos internos y fragmentación. En el presente estudio se analizan las relaciones entre Pachakutik y la CONAIE a nivel local: los casos de los cantones Otavalo y Cotacachi. Se argumenta sobre la importancia de analizar las estructuras organizativas a nivel local, ya que es allí donde el movimiento indígena ecuatoriano ha tenido su fortaleza principal. En Otavalo las tensiones de carácter étnico se han manifestado claramente, incluso con la reciente desafiliación del Alcalde Mario Conejo de las filas de Pachakutik y la emergencia de otro movimiento político local –la Minga Intercultural- alrededor del alcalde. El caso de Cotacachi igualmente se presenta contradictorio, ya que allí la alianza principal del Alcalde Auki Tituaña es con una organización campesina indígena fuera de la CONAIE, la UNORCAC (asociada al Partido Socialista Ecuatoriano). Dentro del marco analítico de acción colectiva y la descentralización, los autores arguyen que en la práctica es imposible crear una frontera definitiva entre lo que se debería clasificar como movimiento social y/o político respectivamente.

  • 53.
    Levin, Paul T.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Stockholm University Institute for Turkish Studies (SUITS).
    Bahar, Baser
    The 50th Anniversary of the Beginning of Migration from Turkey to Sweden: Lessons Concerning Integration, Cohesion, and Inclusion2017In: Migration from Turkey to Sweden: Integration, Belonging and Transnational Community / [ed] Bahar Baser, Paul T. Levin, London: I.B. Tauris, 2017, p. 1-31Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 54.
    Linde, Vysse
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Förebyggande samtal med flyktingföräldrar2006In: Satsa på barnens vardagsmiljöer -: Mottagande och introduktion av flyktingbarn och ungdomar, Stiftelsen Allmänna Barnhuset , 2006Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 55.
    Linde, Vysse
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Om förändringsprocesser vid migration: Perspektiv på flyktingfamilj och samhälle2002In: Barn, ungdom och utbildning i mångkulturella samhällen, FoU Södertörn , 2002Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 56.
    Lundqvist, Catarina
    Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Linköpings universitet.
    Möjligheternas horisont: Etnicitet, utbildning och arbete i ungas berättelser om karriärer2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about how young people of foreign background talk about their lives and how they perceive their career choices regarding education and work. The aim of the thesis is to analyze how horizons of opportunity in relation to careership – the processes that generate different kinds of career choices – appear in individual narratives. The empirical data were collected through fieldwork over the course of one year in an upper secondary school using different techniques: participant observation and interviews.

    The analysis shows that the family’s social position and the parents’ careers form an important vantage point facilitating young people to assess future opportunities. Results indicate that structured individualization in terms both of social class and ethnicity affects young people's career choices and their horizons of opportunity. Furthermore, the study highlights how career choices need to be understood in relation to a horizon of opportunity encompassing both a temporal and a spatial dimension. Young people's horizons of opportunity are obscured by perceived ethnic discrimination in the labour market, as well as by ethnic categorizations at school affecting their careership. When young people in their narratives position themselves in the context of their parents' homeland, they extend the scope of action in a symbolic but also practical sense. By taking into account their translocal position, we see how positioning in different spatial contexts is associated with shifts in the horizon of opportunity that are related to career choices.

  • 57.
    Lundqvist, Maja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Våldets reglerande kraft: en intervjustudie om staden, landet, världen och våldet2011Report (Other academic)
  • 58.
    Malmberg, Bo
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Andersson, Eva K.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Nielsen, Michael M.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Haandrikman, Karen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Residential Segregation of European and Non-European Migrants in Sweden: 1990–20122018In: European Journal of Population, ISSN 0168-6577, E-ISSN 1572-9885, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 169-193Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we analyse how a migrant population that is both expanding and changing in composition has affected the composition of Swedish neighbourhoods at different scales. The analysis is based on Swedish geocoded individual-level register data for the years 1990, 1997, 2005, and 2012. This allows us to compute and analyse the demographic composition of neighbourhoods that range in size from encompassing the nearest 100 individuals to the nearest 409,600 individuals. First, the results confirm earlier findings that migrants, especially those from non-European countries, face high levels of segregation in Sweden. Second, large increases in the non-European populations in combination with high levels of segregation have increased the proportion of non-European migrants living in neighbourhoods that already have high proportions of non-European migrants. Third, in contrast to what has been the established image of segregation trends in Sweden, and in an apparent contrast to the finding that non-European migrants increasingly live in migrant-dense neighbourhoods, our results show that segregation, when defined as an uneven distribution of different populations across residential contexts, is not increasing. On the contrary, for both European migrants from 1990 and non-European migrants from 1997, there is a downward trend in unevenness as measured by the dissimilarity index at all scale levels. However, if segregation is measured as differences in the neighbourhood concentration of migrants, segregation has increased.

  • 59.
    Mussino, Eleonora
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Strozza, Salvatore
    Terzera, Laura
    Il ruolo delle variabili individuali e delle realtà d’insediamento nell’integrazione degli immigrati2014In: Uno come te. Europei e nuovi europei nei percorsi di integrazione / [ed] Paolo Donadio, Giuseppe Gabrielli, Monica Massari, Milano: Edizioni Franco Angeli, 2014Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 60.
    Norocel, Ov Cristian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Constructing radical right populist resistance: Metaphors of heterosexist masculinities and the family question in Sweden2010In: NORMA: Nordic Journal for Masculinity Studies, ISSN 1890-2138, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 169-183Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 61.
    Olkiewicz, Eva
    Stockholm University.
    Invandrarfamiljer i förändring: en studie över finska och jugoslaviska invandrarungdomar och deras föräldrar1990Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Olsson, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Diaspora: ett begrepp i utveckling2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kunskapsöversikten visar att det finns ett stort policyintresse för frågor som har med diaspora att göra och särskilt de sidor av diaspora som handlar om relationer med och engagemang för hemlandet. Det finns också starka forskningsmiljöer – inte minst i Danmark och Norge – som kan bidra med kunskap om diasporors engagemang i hemlandet och remitteringarnas betydelse för utveckling och återuppbyggnad. Det finns i en del fall en påtaglig optimism både bland forskare och politiska beslutsfattare kring diasporans betydelse inom framförallt utvecklingsoch återuppbyggnadsverksamhet. Ett exempel som tas upp i kunskapsöversikten är hemortsföreningarna och deras bidrag till hemorterna. De diasporiska organisationernas bidrag till att bygga upp lokalsamhällena i det krigsdrabbade Somalia (inklusive Somaliland och Puntland) är ett annat. Ett tredje exempel är de somaliska transnationella nätverkens välfärdsinsatser och system för självhjälp som också har en påtaglig transnationell förankring. Trots många ”goda” exempel och värderingar från forskarhåll har diaspora ingen patentlösning på utvecklingsproblemen att erbjuda politiska beslutsfattare. Den kritiska granskningen av diaspora kan ställa en rad frågor om t ex vad diasporornas ekonomiska och politiska intressen i hemlandet har för betydelse och hur detta påverkar de insatser som de ger. Det finns också kritiska frågor att ställa kring diasporornas demokratiska mandat bland migrantbefolkningen. Dessutom finns ofta ett intresse från hemlandets sida av att kontrollera sin befolkning i diaspora och i vissa fall också använda sina diasporor som brickor i mellanstatliga spel. Många politiska beslutsfattare och policyprofessionella är tveksamma till samverkan med diasporiska organisationer. Osäkerheten kan förmodligen förstärkas om man uteslutande tittar på diasporornas instrumentella förmåga att leverera t ex bistånd på ett effektivt, korrekt och rättssäkert sätt. Diasporor är inga hjälporganisationer – inte ens när diaspora representeras av föreningar – och det är inte i första hand professionell administration, expertis och stora samt beständiga finansiella resurser som är diasporans varumärke. En slutsats som kan dras från denna kunskapsöversikt är att diaspora istället ska sättas i ett sammanhang som mer liknar en civilsamhällelig rörelse än en organisation med fasta strukturer. Diaspora ska snarare ses som en rörelse där engagemanget för det egna folket kan ta sig många uttryck. Med tanke på omfattningen av alla de olika remitteringar som når migranternas hemländer finns här en stor potential. Det finns ett stort värde i att diaspororna utvecklar stödjande praktiker till migranter och hemlandsbefolkning. Det är viktigt för dem som behöver hjälpen att sådana praktiker får utvecklas och fortleva. Särskilt med tanke på att diasporor många gånger lyckas nå fram med hjälp där andra organisationer misslyckats.

  • 63.
    Olsson, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    The Guide to Comfort: The Diasporic Practices of Swedish Clubs in Southern Spain2017In: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, ISSN 1799-649X, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 156-164Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article demonstrates how large social clubs are operating at the locus of an ethnic community-making of Swedish migrants in Southern Spain. The clubs are selectively targeting the relatively wealthy (ethnic) Swedish individuals of older age, offering them a home-like social arena ‘in Swedish’ in which the mediation of information and services is just one of the ‘guidelines’ the clubs offer to ensure the members a comfortable lifestyle in Spain. In this social space, the Swedish migrants meet, socialise and, to some extent, also consume, rather than participating and integrating in Spanish society. The article argues that the practices used by the social clubs are becoming part of the infrastructure guiding migrants towards a Swedish diasporic lifestyle in Southern Spain.

  • 64.
    Olsson, Erik O A
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Diaspora, transnational engagement and the national regimes: Introduction2012In: Global civil society: shifting powers in a shifting world / [ed] Heidi Moksnes and Mia Melin, Uppsala: Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development (CSD) , 2012, p. 177-180Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 65.
    Olsson, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    O´Reilly, Karen
    Loughborough University, UK.
    North-Europeans in Spain: Practices of community in the context of migration, mobility and transnationalism2017In: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, ISSN 1799-649X, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 133-138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this special issue is the migration of North-Europeans to the Spanish coastal areas which are known to be tourist destinations. This is a kind of mobility that most commonly has been conceptualised as Lifestyle Migration (cf. Benson & O’Reilly 2009a, 2009b). The concept of lifestyle migration has been developed and widely employed as a way of thinking about mainly relatively affluent and relatively privileged forms of migration around the world. The authors of this special issue are moving away from the view of Lifestyle Migrants as a distinct category of migrant, and away from an emphasis on fluid migration forms in the context of privilege. Here, instead we focus on the human-being-ness of all migrations, the ubiquitous search for community and belonging, and the work of inhabitance (Ahmed et al 2003: 1). We also draw attention to the new structures or sedimented forms of social life that emerge from this work of inhabitance. And we also draw attention to the lack of actual privilege for some of these supposedly privileged migrants. In this special issue, we explore the processes of settlement, belonging and home-making for Lifestyle Migrants that are evident in all migration trends (Walsh & Näre 2016). We wish to emphasise that, although Lifestyle Migrants have tended to be treated as a specific type or category of migrant, they are indeed migrants, just as refugees, asylum seekers, labour migrants, and returnee migrants are migrants. Similar processes are at play here even though theconditions of migration might differ. The people who moved to the coastal areas of southern Spain as permanent residents, seasonal visitors and long-stayers are as much mobile human beings as a category of Lifestyle Migrants. So, in this special issue, rather than focus on what is unique about Lifestyle Migration, we examine in depth the social life, the community makings and the everyday realities of British and Swedish lifestyle migrants as examples of global and diverse migrations. We hope the debates and empirical evidence presented here will thus contribute to a richer understanding of the processes of migration in the context of diverse conditions. Further, having been often subjected to an emphasis on fluidity, mobility, and flux (e.g., Cohen 2015), the papers in this special issue draw more attention than previously to the sedimented practices and outcomes of these migrations. The work that the migrants put into community, belonging, routines, patterns, and means of coping and living in everyday life leads to new forms of community, new ways of living, and new sedimented practices that, in turn, shape future lives and practices (cf. O’Reilly 2012).

  • 66. Parameshwaran, Meenakshi
    et al.
    Engzell, Per
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Ethnicity in England: What Parents' Country of Birth Can and Can't Tell Us about Their Children's Ethnic Identification2015In: Journal of ethnic and migration studies, ISSN 1369-183X, E-ISSN 1469-9451, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 399-424Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the importance of adequately measuring ethnicity to keep track of ethnic disparities in important outcomes, there is little consensus on how this is best achieved. Different countries apply widely differing standards, seemingly guided by convenience more than conviction. We employ unique data on 3035 15-year-olds living in England to investigate inconsistencies when two different measures are used: (i) ethnic group self-identification by respondents and (ii) information on parents' birth country. The former is currently standard in England and Wales and the latter in many European countries. After having aligned our country-of-origin-based measure to the ethnic categories currently in use in England and Wales, we are able to show substantial agreement across measures, and estimates of disparities in language proficiency and delinquency appear little affected by the choice of measure. We conclude that comparative research using secondary data need not be badly biased due to inconsistent measures if sufficient care is taken in harmonisation.

  • 67.
    Pettersson, Tove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Invandrare och brott2015In: Migration och etnicitet: perspektiv på ett mångkulturellt Sverige / [ed] Mehrdad Darvishpour och Charles Westin, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 2, p. 319-342Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I kapitlet ges en genomgång av den empiriska forskning som finns i Sverige om invandrares brottslighet. Orsaker till överrepsesentation diskuteras.

  • 68.
    Qvist, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Flyktingmottagandet före etableringsreformen – styrkor och svagheter i det kommunala mottagandet2017In: Vägen till arbete: Utrikes föddas möte med den svenska arbetsmarknaden / [ed] André Asplund, Caroline Tovatt, Sara Thalberg, Stockholm: Delegationen för migrationsstudier (Delmi) , 2017, p. 1-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitlet diskuterar flyktingmottagandets organisering före och efter etableringsreformen 2010. En av slutsatserna är att etableringsreformen inte kan ses som ett nytt system som helt ersatte ett ”gammalt”.Trots omfattande organisatoriska förändringar kvarstår betydande likheter mellan systemen när det gäller verksamhetens innehåll. Den största skillnaden som identifieras rör styrningens karaktär. När regeringen flyttade huvudansvaret till Arbetsförmedlingen och samtidigt ökade inslaget av lagreglering har graden avdetaljstyrning ökat. En annan förändring som lyfts fram är att insatserna idag i stor utsträckning genomförs av externa aktörer som Arbetsförmedlingen kontrakterar via upphandling.

  • 69.
    Qvist, Martin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Suter, Brigitte
    Ahlstedt, Sara
    Migration: sovereignty, borders and control2015In: International migration and ethnic relations: critical Perspectives / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Anders Neergaard, London: Routledge, 2015, p. 38-61Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 70.
    Rabo, Annika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Diasporic dilemmas: Assyrian migration to Sweden and activism for the homeland2013In: Journal of Assyrian Academic Studies, ISSN 1055-6982, Vol. 27, no 1&2, p. 55-74Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 71.
    Rabo, Annika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Orthodox Identities in Western Europe. Migration, Settlement and Innovation. Eds Maria Hämmerli & Jean-Francois Mayer2015In: Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Law, ISSN 1478-2634, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 235-238Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 72. Salmonsson, Lisa
    et al.
    Hedlund, Daniel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, Stockholm Centre for the Rights of the Child.
    Conditions of grassroot and street level engagement following the 2015 ”refugee situation”2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we draw on discussions from a panel talk of migration experts about the new restrictive turn in Swedish migration policy following the ”refugee situation” in 2015, and a forthcoming review of the international literature about guardianship for unaccompanied minors.

    The results from the panel provided insights about how discourses of securitzation translate into practice and the potential to move beyond this pattern. There seem to be several different strategies assumed by grassroot activists to counter this tendency, but this issue also seem to concern professionals and other staff engaged with asylum seekers and refugees. It appears that the latter group can retain a (legal) space to resist repressive activities that challenge their professional ethics and personal integrity, and still working ”within” the welfare system.

    Linking this the issue of grassroot activism and street-level work to the guardianship for unaccompanied children seeking asylum, which in the Swedish case involves layman guardians appointed locally, we explore the increased temporality influencing the conditions for individuals representing children with an ”unclear” legal status in relation to the the dual (care and restrictive) ”nature” of welfare state actors (e.g. Social Services, Chief Guardian Board, Migration Agency).

  • 73.
    Sausdal, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Cultural culprits: police apprehensions of pickpockets in Copenhagen2014In: Crisis and migration: implications of the Eurozone crisis for perceptions, politics, and policies of migration / [ed] Pieter Bevelander, Bo Petersson, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2014, p. 177-204Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 74.
    Sausdal, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Leanne Weber, Policing Non-Citizens, Routledge: Milton Park & New York, 20132015In: Punishment & Society, ISSN 1462-4745, E-ISSN 1741-3095, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 506-509Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Leanne Weber’s Policing Non-Citizens is an empirical tour-de-force on immigration policing. In it, she methodically depicts the network of agencies and actors in New South Wales, Australia who both individually and in coordination seek to detect, detain and possibly deport ‘illegal’ immigrants. To those interested in how contemporary states deal with ‘illegal’ migration, Weber’s book presents itself as a truly necessary read.

  • 75.
    Sofi, Dana
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Att förstå de andra2009In: i&m Invandrare och minoriteter, ISSN 1404-6857, Vol. 36, no 3, p. 12-15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Fördomar gror när möjligheten till möten saknas. först när människor kan släppa den stigmatiserande bilden av Dom som grupp och lära känna de enskilda individerna kan tillit och ömsesidig förståelse uppstå.

  • 76.
    Songur, Welat
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Välfärdsstaten, sociala rättigheter och invandrarnas maktresurser: en jämförande studie om äldre invandrare från Mellanöstern i Stockholm, London och Berlin2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of the dissertation is formal and substantive rights. It focuses on the question of the role of different types of welfare states in the social rights of elderly immigrants and their power resources. Despite changes that have occurred during the post-war period, the situation of immigrants can nonetheless be problematic. They can still be excluded from or included in welfare in various ways. On the basis of questionnaires and deep interviews, the significance of the Swedish, British and German welfare states for elderly immigrants from the Middle East residing in Stockholm, London and Berlin is studied. The dissertation can be situated within two important, but previously separate, research fields. The theoretical point of departure for the discussion is Esping-Andersen´s research, which is based primarily on work-related social insurance for persons who are gainfully employed. Generous welfare states, according to him, have a high degree of decommodification, i.e. provide the possibility of living independently of the market. He starts with citizens from the working class, which means that immigrants fall outside of his analytic framework. For this reason, his theory supplemented by research on immigration and immigrant policy. In this dissertation Esping-Andersen´s historical class perspective is supplemented by considerations of state membership and immigrant policy in Sweden, the United Kingdom and Germany. Beyond the conditions that apply to the majority population, welfare states stratify immigrants through immigrant policy. In addition to work-related social insurance, the study includes health care, elderly care and social welfare allowances, which have a more subordinate role in Esping-Andersen´s research. In contrast to Esping-Andersen´s results, the dissertation demonstrates that the possibility for immigrants to live independently of the market is greater in the United Kingdom than in Germany. In this respect, the United Kingdom is comparable to Sweden. The results indicate that in addition to conditions placed specifically on immigrants, substantive rights can also be problematic. Despite the existence of formal rights, the substantive rights of elderly immigrants run up against problems in relation to public authorities and access to information. Elderly immigrants have very limited social and political resources to bring to bear. These problems can be found in all three countries, even though there is some variation.

  • 77.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies. Centrum för genusstudier.
    Dialog eller förankring: Statliga satsningars oförutsedda konsekvenser på den lokala demokratin2005In: Statens offentliga utredningar, ISSN 91-38-22488-7, no 112, p. 79-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I det här kapitelbidrag ger jag några exempel på hur det inom såväl förvaltning som forskning pågår olika maktspel som påverkar förutsättningarna för människors delaktighet i den lokala utvecklingen och bäddar för att de invånare som reformen riktas mot i stället diskrimineras och utesluts från deltagande.

    För att sätta dessa aspekter i relation till en större filosofisk diskussion resonerar jag kring den deliberativa/kommunikativa vändning som kort presenterades i antologins inledningskapitel. Därefter ger jag mig i kast med tre olika aspekter av planeringens och urbanforskningens arbete med medborgarnas delaktighet i planeringen som har diskriminerande innebörder. Dessa aspekter utgör några av de oförutsedda konsekvenser som insatser mot strukturell diskriminering kan ha.

    Den första handlar om att den regionala politiken bär på ett utifrånperspektiv som hindrar lokala krafter från att formulera de åtgärder de anser vara nödvändiga för att främja integrationen av boende på mångkulturella platser, såväl till varandra som till regionen.

    Den andra aspekten handlar om att det, bortom regionalpolitikens utifrånperspektiv, finns en bestämd förankringsrationalitet bland tjänstemännen på lokal nivå. Den vilar på ett förhållningssätt gentemot medborgarna som begränsar tjänstemännens möjligheter att faktiskt etablera en intersubjektiv kommunikation eller dialog med boende.

    Den tredje aspekten handlar om att det, vid sidan av detta utifrånperspektiv och denna förankringsrationalitet, finns en universalistisk forskardiskurs, som prioriterar rationella överväganden framför demokratiska värden. Trots en vilja att värna en mer demokratisk urban planering, i enlighet med den så kallade kommunikativa/deliberativa vändningen, så tenderar denna hållning att bortse från maktdimensionen och hur den gestaltar sig på mångkulturella platser, i möten mellan tjänstemän och invånare. Eftersom en sådan hållning har genomsyrat väsentliga delar av utvärderingen av tjänstemännens arbete med Storstadssatsningen, kan den i sig gjort det svårare för tjänstemännen att bli varse och ta itu med den diskriminerande förankringspraktik de är involverade i.

    Sammanflätningen av dessa tre aspekter har sannolikt bidragit till att flera av intentionerna bakom storstadspolitiken inte har kunnat uppnås som det var tänkt. Politiken har snarare cementerat den diskriminering och exkludering som drabbat – och fortsatt drabbar – invandrade och andra boende på mångkulturella platser.

  • 78.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, Comparative Religion and Gender Studies. Centrum för genusstudier.
    Fighting racism within the frame of neo-liberal governance.: Lessons from the failed bottom-up approach of Room for every one’06 – Sweden.2007In: Second Nordic Geographers Meeting: Bergen, Norway, 14-19 June 2007, 2007Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The perceptions on Scandinavian countries have changed in the international community the last years. From been seen as the moral champions of human rights and social equalities until for two or three decades ago the societies begin to be targets for protest against racism and Islamophobia. How this transformation could happen and what different social constellations do to contest this development?

    The transformation of one Scandinavian welfare model into a Neo-liberal regime based on the social differentiations of ethnicities have been studied recently in relation to the achievements of Urban agendas implemented to cope with segregation.

    Although Knowledge on processes of discrimination, segregation and racism has been researched during decades, its results had for the most been communicated with a top-down approach. This made their eventual corrections both naïve and politically undoable. In this frame a group of antiracist lecturers and some of the biggest and historically the most important NGO:s in Sweden met each other within the process Room for everyone’06”. The aim was to discuss the trends, practices, effects and bottom-up alternatives against discrimination, segregation and racism in Swedish cities. As a product of this meeting one Agenda ' 06 and one Charta ' 06 of principles against these problems was agreed to be implemented from below through the NGOs mobilization and researchers participative approaches. But this work stagnated totally. The aim of this article is to study some events from this process and aspects that in that context impeded the expected bottom-up to work with organisations championing the underrepresented groups affected by problems like rasism. The analysis put on the light the difficulties and new roles that the NGOs play in the Neo-liberal governance implanted with the culture of collaborative partnerships. A core question is whether it is still possible to expect mobilization against these topics from NGOs that may be involved in administering the consequences of these problems. How to go out from this circle is one urgent question for the organisations to deal with. The question relates also to the diminished potential that civic society organisations face in Scandinavia when they try to contest racism within the frame of neo-liberal governance.

  • 79.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Förord2011In: Våldets reglerande kraft: en intervjustudie om staden, landet, världen och våldet / [ed] Maja Lundqvist (författare), Stockholm: CEIFO, Stockholms universitet , 2011, , p. 8Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 80.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Grass roots in social urban renewal2011In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, no 4Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 81.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Internationella solidariteten som bäst: Samarbetet Kuba-Venezuela2011In: Tidskriften Kuba, ISSN 1402-8638, no 4, p. 21-22Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 82.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, Comparative Religion and Gender Studies. Centrum för genusstudier.
    Mångfald och gemenskap i Alby.: En studie om samverkan mellan människor med skilda kulturella bakgrunder i ett föreningsråd.2001In: Partnership for Multiethnic Inclusion, PfMI, ISSN 1403-7130, no 4, p. 1-52Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 83.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Papeles de género en la construcción de la chilenidad durante las celebraciones del 18 de septiembre entre chilenos en la diáspora. Evidencias desde España: Evidencias desde España2007In: Identities in Transition – The Enkidu Summer Conference: Mexico City, June 1 - 5, 2007, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Los 18 de septiembre cada año los chilenos que viven en diferentes lugares del mundo se reunen para celebrar el dia nacional de Chile. La celebracion es a su vez la fecha del año cuando confluyen una gran cantidad de expresiones de la diaspora chilena. La fiesta consiste de diferentes momentos que apelan a la manera de sentirse chileno y en la que los miembros de la comunidad se organizan para participar en la realizacion de diferentes actividades. Durante los preparativos emergen tanto una negociacion de los papeles de género de los participantes como diferencias de clase social – a lo largo de categorias como el haber sido o ser refugiados politicos, el ser intelectuales, o ser inmigrantes economicos entre otros. El objetivo de este artículo es analyzar la forma como la diaspora chilena neutraliza sus conflictos internos y hace una division de los recursos sociales de la comunidad en aras de poner en escena la identidad chilena durante la celebración. Dos preguntas iluminan el analisis: Cuales actividades se ponen en ejecución y De qué forma mujeres y hombres ponen estas actividades en escena para reproducir tanto los papeles de género como la identidad de la diáspora de cara a la fiesta?

    En el texto se dan ejemplos de cómo los papeles de género toman forma y son puestos en escena por parte de hombres y mujeres. El material empírico esta basado en entrevistas profundas de tipo “Life story” y en observacion participativa entre chilenos residentes en España. Este material ha sido copilado durante el otoño del año 2005 dentro del marco del proyecto “Entre el pais de origen y el de residencia, la diasporalizacion de los chilenos en el extranjero”.

    Para constituirse como una comunidad atractiva los integrantes de la colectividad chilena aplican una serie de estrategias para hacer que el disfrute de la fiesta sea un acontecimiento intenso y memorable para las diferentes asociaciones culturales que sostienen socialmente la diaspora. Las actividades de la colectividad juegan un papel cardinal para evitar que los chilenos sean asimilados totalmente por la sociedad de residencia, o para evitar que sus miembros caigan en un exilio social respecto a la sociedad en Chile. Como una especie de tercer espacio, entre el chile y el pais de residencia, las actividades de la diáspora constituyen un campo que al mismo tiempo contribuye a la reinterpretacion de los papeles de género. Éstas actividades a su vez van afectando así las interpretaciones establecidas – en especial la forma como deben ser puestas en escena para re-presentar la identidad chilena. Este es un proceso en el que las relaciones de género tienen incidencias tanto en dinamicas transnacionales como en nociones de pertenencia diaspóricas y que muestran la forma en que los procesos migratorios afectan la construccion de los papeles de género.

  • 84.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, Comparative Religion and Gender Studies. Centrum för genusstudier.
    Remember September: Intersectionality, transversal politics and the politics of emotion among members of the chilean diaspora2007In: Annual meetin of The Network for Transnationalism and Diaspora Studies: Department of Ethnic Studies, Linköping University, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to discuss two things about Spanish Chileans. The first is to understand the role that emotions, feelings and sentiments play to become participant in different activities that members prepare in order to generate a sense of Diaspora. The second one is to discuss whether these Diaspora activities indicate the formulation of an ethnic identity indicates a mainstreaming to hegemonic gender and class formations within the frame of a gendered capitalist global order. In order to deal with these aims the paper explores some central topics that the interviewed told about emotions when communicators facilitate a public space for the members of the diaspora. They explained the different emotions attached to September and the events that take place during this month. In order to organize these events, as well as for advancing other ways of becoming organized they related to different types of networks raised on friendship, trustiness and other means of confidentiality. On a further way they were also talking about how these emotions can work to make distinctions on class and gender when they try to relate to chilenity. Facing these distinctions is something that also relates to striving after a commonality towards both Chileans and other social groups to face discrimination and racism. Building this commonality demanded some kind of transversal politics and politics of affect to ground successful structures within the Chilean diaspora. The paper concludes with a discussion on how emotions may be crucial for how performing differents events contribute both to a mainstreaming into reproducing hegemonic gender and class formations in Chile or Spain and the construction of transdiasporal alliances against racism and beyond.

  • 85.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, Comparative Religion and Gender Studies. Centrum för genusstudier.
    Ur askan i elden: Nyliberal urbanpolitik mot boendesegregation, diskriminering och integration2002In: Socialistisk debatt: Rasism i nya kläder: Nyrasismen och bilden av De andra, ISSN 0246-1491, no 3-4, p. 28-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här artikeln analyserar samspelet mellan segregation och diskriminering i ett historiskt sammanhang av nyliberala samhällsförändringar som har påverkat planeringens förutsättningar och praktiker. Med exempel från Stockholmsförorten Fittja, diskuteras hur en del av medborgarna, i synnerhet kvinnor, uppfattar diskriminering i sin relation till bostadsförvaltare och myndigheter. Vidare diskuteras diskrimineringens betydelse för regeringsduggligheten på lokal nivå. Avslutningsvis berörs frågan om hur den sociala integrationen skulle kunna främjas med hjälp av ett medvetandegörande av boendesegregationens konsekvenser samt av en ändamålsenlig planering av kommunal bostadspolitik.

  • 86.
    Vogiazides, Louisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Mondani, Hernan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    A geographical path to integration? Exploring the interplay between regional context and labour market integration among refugees in Sweden2019In: Journal of ethnic and migration studies, ISSN 1369-183X, E-ISSN 1469-9451Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Migrant integration is an issue at the forefront of political debates in many immigrant-receiving countries. Within academia, a rich body of neighbourhood effects literature examines the significance of the residential environment for the socioeconomic integration of international migrants. Another strand of research explores the associations between immigrants’ initial region of residence and their subsequent socioeconomic integration. Existing research focuses on a single dimension of geographical context and on the neighbourhood scale. Using Swedish longitudinal register data, we estimate discrete-time event history models to assess how regional and neighbourhood contexts influence refugees’ entry into employment. Our study includes all refugees who arrived in Sweden between 2000 and 2009, distinguishing between three categories of refugees: refugees with assigned housing, refugees with self-arranged housing and quota refugees. Our results reveal a clear pattern where the most advantageous regions for finding a first employment are those at the extremes of the population density distribution: the Stockholm region and small city/rural regions. Refugees residing in Malmö have the lowest probability of entering the labour market. Our study also reiterates existing concerns regarding the negative effects of ethnic segregation at the neighbourhood level on labour market participation.

  • 87.
    Waltman, Max
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Prohibiting Sex Purchasing and Ending Trafficking: The Swedish Prostitution Law2011In: Michigan Journal of International Law, ISSN 1052-2867, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 133-157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish prostitution law from 1999, now followed by Norway and Iceland, criminalized the purchaser and decriminalized the prostituted person. This is analyzed as a cogent state response under international trafficking law, particularly to the obligations set forth in the United Nation’s Trafficking Protocol from 2000. The Protocol states that a person is regarded a trafficking victim when, e.g., someone abuses her “position of vulnerability” in order to exploit her. International jurisprudence and social evidence strongly suggest that prostitution, as practiced in the world, usually satisfies this definition. Further, the Protocol urges states to reduce the demand for prostitution and to protect and assist victims, for instance by adopting laws deterring purchasers of sex, and by supporting those exploited in prostitution. Policy makers, such as the U.S. Department of State, are criticized for taking an inadequate position in face of the growing evidence from the Swedish law's impact.The article shows that Sweden has significantly reduced the occurrence of trafficking in Sweden compared to neighboring countries. It also scrutinizes some misinformation of the law's impact, showing for instance that claims alleging a more dangerous situation for those still in prostitution after 1999 were unfounded. In addition, the article addresses remaining obstacles to the law's effective implementation, arguing that in order to realize the law's full potential to support escape from trafficking, the civil rights of prostituted persons under current law should be strengthened to enable them to claim damages directly from the purchasers for the harm to which they have contributed, and for the violation of the prostituted persons' equality and dignity - a position now recognized by the government to some extent by clarifying amendments made in 2011.

  • 88.
    Webster, Natasha
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Haandrikman, Karen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography. Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Thai women in Sweden: Victims or participants?2014Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Migration from Thailand to Sweden is a rapidly growing phenomenon with a threefold increase over the last ten years, with the majority of migrants being female marriage migrants. In the media and popular culture, stereotyping of Thai-Swedish couples is commonplace; focusing on unequal power relations, sex tourism and other social problems which often position Thai women ‘as both materialist rural women and ignorant victims’ (Sunanta 2013, 193). Our paper positions and explores the status of this unique group of migrants through a power and agency lens and by adopting a multi-methods approach. Using register data, we are able to give a detailed picture of the migration and socio-demographic features of Thais in Sweden, while in-depth interviews with Thai women provide nuanced understandings of Thai-Sweden migration. We find a complex narrative of migration, where Thai women are active agents in their migration process but still face many inequalities in Sweden. A diversified picture of these women is revealed, giving an inside view into their lives that goes beyond and break common stereotypes.

  • 89.
    Öhlund, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ungdomskulturellt socialt kapital i marginaliserade bostadsområden2011In: Socialt kapital: i ett välfärdsperspektiv / [ed] Bengt Starrin, Rolf Rønning, Malmö: Liber , 2011, 1:1, p. 253-265Chapter in book (Other academic)
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