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  • 51. Aunesluoma, Juhana
    et al.
    Petersson, Magnus
    Silva, Charles
    Stockholm University.
    Deterrence or reassurance?: Nordic responses to the First Detente, 1953-19562007In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 183-208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Historians remember 1953 for the death of Stalin and the ensuing relaxation of East-West tensions, now known as the First Detente. Based on recent Cold War scholarship supplemented by primary documentation, this comparative study looks at the Nordic reaction to the First Wtente 1953-1956 in terms of deterrence and reassurance. The results suggest that, while the Nordic governments uniformly welcomed a more relaxed international atmosphere and entertained hopes of genuine dialogue between East and West, they Often differed in their interpretations of Soviet motives and the genuineness of the post- Stalin foreign policy. The tendency to put added emphasis on reassurance (end hence less deterrence) was most apparent in the cases of Iceland and Finland. Danish and Swedish policy shared this tendency, but lacked the degree of consensus found in Iceland. Norway seems to have been the least amenable to a change in perspective. The course of the First Detente led to an even stronger emphasis on reassurance than had been the case previously. In all of the Nordic countries the invasion of Hungary had a similar alarming effect - it swung the pendulum back toward misgivings about Soviet intentions.

  • 52. Auwers, Michael
    et al.
    Biltekin, Nevra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    La diplomatie en mémoires: Étude sur les mémoires de diplomates belges et suédois du xxe siècle2012In: Ecrivains et diplomates: L'invention d'une tradition. XIXe-XXIe siècles / [ed] Laurence Badel, Gilles Ferragu, Stanislas Jeannesson, Renaud Meltz, Paris: Armand Colin, 2012Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 53. Auwers, Michael
    et al.
    Biltekin, Nevra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Remembering Personal Heroism in Times of Democratization: Some Thoughts about the Functionality of Belgian and Swedish Diplomatic Memoirs2012In: Transnational Subjects: History, Society and Culture, ISSN 2045-5232, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 95-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Historians have seldom asked why diplomats write their memoirs, and have only rarely inquired into the relationship between the diplomatic profession and the literary genre of memoirs. This essay attempts to clarify these questions by focusing on the Belgian and Swedish diplomatic communities as test cases. We argue that the democratization of diplomacy in the twentieth century incited diplomats to take up their pens in defense of their profession. In order to harmonize their images of self with a changing world and an ever more critical public opinion, they tended to stress the heroic dimension of their professional identities.

  • 54. Bagerius, Henric
    et al.
    Ekholst, Christine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    A disobedient sodomite: Magnus Eriksson and the concept of heteronormative kingship2007In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 73, no 3, p. 7-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses how accusations of sodomy were used as a political weapon during the late Middle Ages. With St. Birgitta's accusations of sodomy against the Swedish king Magnus Eriksson in the I36os as a starting point,we study how sodomy was used as political propaganda and why it was effective. We argue that these allegations must be seen as part of a wider European political pattern. Numerous cases of similar charges can be found throughout late medieval Europe. All arise in troublesome political situations when the power struggle between king and aristocracy had reached a high point. We claim that a queer reading of the medieval texts reveals the great importance of heteronormative sexuality manifested in marital intimacy. To diverge from what we call a heteronormative kingship was regarded so seriously that it could be the very foundation of criticism against a king. The sodomite was an established figure of thought that captured all the faults of king Magnus Eriksson: his heresy, his thoughtlessness, his lasciviousness, his indecisiveness and his inclination to keep young and depraved men as advisors. The sodomite threatened the gender order and by doing so he jeopardized the entire social order. In other words, the accusations of sodomy made it possible for Magnus'critics to articulate his inability to be master in his own marriage and consequently master of his realm. A sodomite was clearly not suited to be king and the charges of sodomy could thus be used to justify a dethronement.

  • 55.
    Bengtsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    La proposition participiale en moyen francais: le cas de la chose de la chevalerie et de Gargantua2009In: Regards sur la France du Moyen Âge: mélanges offerts à Gunnel Engwall à l'occasion de son départ à la retraite / [ed] Olle Ferm et Per Förnegård, Stockholm: Sällskapet Runica et Mediævalia , 2009, p. 225-245Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 56.
    Berg, Annika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Att skriva sig fri: Om "psykopatiska" patienters förhandlingsutrymmen i 1930-talets Sverige2016In: Inspärrad: Röster från intagna på sinnessjukhus, fängelser och andra anstalter 1850-1992 / [ed] Roddy Nilsson, Maria Vallström, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2016, p. 315-355Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 57.
    Berg, Annika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Birgitta Almgren, Dröm och verklighet: Stellan Arvidsson - kärleken, dikten politiken, Stockholm: Carlssons 20162018In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 138, no 3, p. 588-590Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 58.
    Berg, Annika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Public health and persecution: Debates on the possible migration of Jewish physicians to Sweden from Nazi Germany2016In: Doctors Beyond Borders: The Transnational Migration of Physicians in the Twentieth Century / [ed] Laurence Monnais, David Wright, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 59.
    Berg, Heléne
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Dahlberg, Matz
    Vernby, Kåre
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Post-WWI military disarmament and interwar fascism in Sweden2019In: Historical Methods, ISSN 0161-5440, E-ISSN 1940-1906, Vol. 52, no 1, p. 37-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The emergence of anti-democratic movements is a central puzzle to social science. We study a novel and rich historical dataset covering Swedish municipalities during the interwar years and find a strong link between the presence of a military garrison and the emergence of fascist parties. We interpret these results as suggesting that fascist mobilization in Sweden was driven by discontent with the process of disarmament brought about by democratization. In contrast, poor economic conditions, as captured both by levels of and changes in the local poverty rate and tax base, do not explain the strong link between the fascists and military garrisons. We relate these results to influential theories of democratization.

  • 60.
    Berg, Ingrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Athen mellan dåtid, nutid och framtid2013In: Hellenika, ISSN 0348-0100, no 145, p. 11-13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 61.
    Berg, Ingrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Kalaureia 1894 - den första svenska utgrävningen i Grekland2012In: Hellenika, ISSN 0348-0100, no 142Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 62.
    Berg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Den privata staden?2006In: Nya stadsarkeologiska horisonter, Riksantikvarieämbetet, Stockholm , 2006, p. 318-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 63.
    Berg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Estates and peasants in 17th century Sweden: from an old debate towards a new view2007In: Bauern zwischen Herrschaft und Genossenschaft: Peasant relations to lords and government. Scandinavia and the Alpine region 1000-1750 / [ed] Tore Iversen, John Ragnar Myking, Gertrud Thoma, Trondheim: Tapir Akademisk Forlag, 2007, p. 219-234Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 64.
    Berg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Estates or freeholders?: Aspect of land-owning structures in medieval Östergötland, eastern Sweden2005In: Land, lords and peasants: Peasants' right to control land in the Middle Ages and the Early modern period - Norway, Scandinavia and the Alpine region, Department of History and Calssical Studies, Trondheim , 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 65.
    Berg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Skänninge i landskapet2013In: Borgare, bönder och bröder: arkeologiska perspektiv på Skänninges äldre historia / [ed] Rikard Hedvall, Karin Lindeblad, Hanna Menander, Stockholm: Riksantikvarieämbetet, 2013, p. 19-42Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 66.
    Berg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Stormannamiljöer och landskap2000In: En bok om Husbyar / [ed] Michael Olausson, Stockholm: Riksantikvarieämbetet, 2000, p. 151-166Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 67.
    Berge, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Sjukvårdens underklass: Sjukvården i den kommunala fattigvården 1910-19502007Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken är ett pionjärarbete om en sektor av enklare kropps- och sinnessjukvård, som till betydande del bedrevs i små sjukhus vid de kommunala fattigvårdsanstalterna. Den visar att staten saknade en effektiv kvalitetskontroll av den kommunala sjukvården under de tre första årtiondena av 1900-talet. Vissa kommunala sinnessjukhus motsvarade tidens normer, andra var undermåliga eller bedrev ren vanvård. Jämförelser görs också med motsvarande små sjukhus i landstingens eller enskild regi. Detta var en sjukvård på olika villkor där penningen eller bostadsorten bestämde vilken sorts vård man fick.

  • 68. Bergenheim, Sophy
    et al.
    Edman, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Kananen, Johannes
    Wessel, Merle
    Conceptualising public health: An introduction2018In: Conceptualising Public Health: Historical and Contemporary Struggles over Key Concepts / [ed] Johannes Kananen, Sophy Bergenheim, Merle Wessel, London: Routledge, 2018, p. 1-17Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 69.
    Berggren, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Seklets ungdom: retorik, politik och modernitet 1900-19391995Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 70.
    Berglund, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Bland stenkastare, kanaljer och slampställen.: Södermalmsupploppet 17192014In: Från skuggsidan: Folk och förbrytelser ur Stockholms historia / [ed] Rebecka Lennartsson, Stockholm: Stockholmia förlag, 2014, p. 60-69Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 71.
    Berglund, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Contentious spaces: Urban arenas for violent crowds2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on Charles Tilly’s theories on popular contentions, this paper provides an analysis on different kinds of urban spaces as arenas for violent crowds.  In riots and open conflicts, otherwise hidden structures – for example structures of power, class struggle and gender structures – come up to surface, and will thus be available for historical investigations. By applying linkages between the contentious gatherings and the specific locations within the city, theses structures, connected to different kind of urban spaces, will be revealed. The subject of the paper is pre-industrial Stockholm, c. 1700–1850. Eight popular riots, including crowds of several hundreds of participants, and a large number of everyday street fights are analysed. The paper focuses on different kinds of urban spaces like the poor quarters, the political quarters, narrow alleys and spacious squares. The diversity of urban spaces put different demands on both the crowds and the local authorities.

  • 72.
    Berglund, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Food riots in nineteenth-century Sweden2014In: Gender in urban Europe: sites of political activity and citizenship, 1750-1900 / [ed] Krista Cowman, Nina Javette Koefoed and Åsa Karlsson Sjögren, New York: Routledge, 2014, p. 93-107Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 73.
    Berglund, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Massans röst: Upplopp och gatubråk i Stockholm 1719–18482009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis examines riots and street violence in Stockholm between 1719 and 1848. By studying open conflicts, the thesis explores changes in societal power structures which otherwise are hidden. The study shows how these levels of power and conflict structures interacted with one another and thereby contributed to the social development during the period; from a patriarchal society of privilege to a society based on a democratic view of the world. The thesis focuses on three collective actors; the people, the authorities and the press.

    The investigation of the people in the crowds shows that the military element, as well as the lower strata of labourers and servants, was significant in the early events. However, in later phases, middle class groupings such as burghers and civil servants, dominated the masses. These changes in the social composition of the crowds are tightly connected to a similar change in the aims of the riots; from local issues to national policy matters.

    Tactics of the authorities in their encounter with street disturbances also changed during the period, from passive observation by the police in the 18th century to an active military confrontational approach in the 19th century. The legal base was however strong throughout the period. The parties attached great importance to court proceedings, and knowledge of the legal system was surprisingly good among the common people.

    During the second half of the period, the press became firmly established. At the turn of the century 1800, there were two short glimpses of free press in connection to the political turbulence in 1792 and 1809. But it was mainly from the 1830's that the newspaper editors became significant actors in the riots. The popular demands for international news and politics gradually grew stronger during the period. A bottom-up perspective thus shows that popular political involvement in a significant way helped to pave the way for the coming breakthrough of democracy.

  • 74.
    Berglund, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Riots, popular unrest and fights in the streets of Stockholm, c. 1700-18502007In: Urban Europe in Comparative Perspective: Papers presented at the Eighth International Conference on Urban History, Stockholm 2006 / [ed] Lars Nilsson, Stockholm: Stads- och kommunhistoriska institutet , 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 75.
    Berglund, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Soldater och stadsbor i förindustriellt gatuvåld: Stockholm, 1719–18482009In: Sammanflätat: Cilvilt och militärt i det tidigmoderna Sverige / [ed] Maria Sjöberg, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 2009, p. 15-28Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen behandlar det militära manskapets roll i Stockholms gatuoro under förindustriella tiden. Ett övergripande resultat är att soldaternas närvaro i större upplopp, över tid gick från aktivt deltagande i de oroliga folkmassorna vid undersökningsperiodens början till att helt stå på myndigheternas sida vid periodens slut. Däremot kvarstod deras deltagande i de mer vardagliga gatubråken oförändrat genom hela perioden. Disciplineringsprocessen för soldatkåren har därmed stora likheter med motsvarande utveckling för den framväxande arbetarklassen.

  • 76.
    Berglund, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Steve Hindle, The State and Social Change in Early Modern England, c. 1550-1640, St. Martin’s press, 19992013In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 79, no 2, p. 157-158Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 77.
    Berglund, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stads- och kommunhistoriska institutet.
    Torbjörn Nilsson, Torgslaget 1829: Myter och minnen om ett norsk-svenskt drama2019In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 139, no 3, p. 625-627Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 78.
    Berglund, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Varför måste Fersen dö?: Om mordet på Axel von Fersen den 20 juni 18102009In: Stormvindar: En bok om ödesåret 1809 / [ed] Ingvar von Malmborg, Stockholm: Statens arkiv , 2009Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 79.
    Berglund, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Violent crowds in Stockholm and Copenhagen, 1700–18502014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Violent crowds in Stockholm and Copenhagen, 1700–1850

    PhD Mats Berglund, Institute of Urban History, Stockholm University

     

    In a European perspective, Scandinavian early modern towns have been considered comparatively calm. Research on upheavals and popular riots has focused on dense populated and violent countries in Europe, mainly England and France. Despite these countries’ central locations and good access to source material and research, there are reasons to regard them as the European exceptions. Thus, greater part of the “peaceful Europe” deserves further studies and more attention from scholars. Everyday resistance, such as street fights, labour strikes and riots in the cities and towns had an important function in forming cultures of popular politics across Europe during the period prior to and following the French Revolution.

    Both Stockholm and Copenhagen are to be considered mid-sized European cities. With a population of around 70,000 and 100,000 inhabitants respectively at the opening of the 1800s, they were far below the European mega-cities: London, Paris, Naples and Moscow. Nonetheless, they were unchallenged in dominating the urban system of Scandinavia and as gateway-cities to the European metropolises.

    Both countries experienced a turbulent medieval era. The final years of the Kalmar Union generated series of rebellions in the provinces of Småland, Scania and Halland, along the border between the two countries. However, in the aftermath of the collapse of the union, the situation stabilized. From the sixteenth century onward, riots and upheavals occurred infrequently in both countries. The Swedish historian Eva Österberg argued that the Swedish tradition differed from the European in that peasants were given, and chose, other ways to protest against authorities. The people and the ruling class meet to resolve their difference in local arenas like the parish councils (‘sockenstämma’) or the hundred courts (‘häradsrätt’), or through the peasant estate in the national parliament (‘Riksdagen’). From a European perspective, those institutions provided rather unique channels for people to communicate with the local or central authorities, and thus might be important reasons behind the relative lack of violent crowds.

    Negotiations and compromise as solutions to societal conflicts are the starting point for analysis in this paper. Important questions to address are therefore whether this pattern of a moderate Scandinavian conflict culture is also valid for urban areas, and further, whether it is valid in both countries.

    A severe riot occurred in southern part of Stockholm in 1719. For three consecutive nights, a large crowd of people destroyed a total number of 14 brothels and illegal taverns. Police forces were notably passive. But an extensive source material from the subsequent trial provides the course of events to be followed in detail. In addition, nearly one hundred individuals have been possible to identify. The passive intervention in the streets along with the extensive administrative efforts afterwards seems to be significant for the Swedish authorities’ handling of popular crowds in general. This passive approach normally prevented disturbances to escalate, which resulted in an extremely small amount of violence in the eighteenth century riots.

    A predominantly calm century was however eventually transformed into a significantly turbulent period of two decades around the turn of the century 1800. Major riots in Stockholm occurred at the years 1789, 1792, 1799 and 1810. After 1810, Stockholm authorities changed tactics. In riots towards the middle of the century, police and military guards were generally deployed in a relatively early stage when crowd was gathering. Major riots occurred in Stockholm in 1838 and 1848. Both of these can clearly be linked to the international wave of turbulence that swept over Europe.

    In Copenhagen 1715, a group of journeymen from the carpenter’s guild confronted their alderman in connection with an assignment involving moving a public punishing scaffold to the King’s New Square (‘Kongens Nytorv’). The incident was a striking example of an older form of labour conflict characterized by a ‘rowdy culture’ among pre-industrial workers and craftsmen. 

    During the century, similar incidents took place in Copenhagen in 1732 (carpenters), 1748 (shoemakers), 1733 and 1751 (masons), as well as the Great Carpenter Strike of 1794.  These recurring conflicts between masters, journeymen and apprentices has been noted in Scandinavian research and investigated as a principal historical strategy in forming the working class. In Stockholm however, these types of labour-related conflicts were not common before the onset of industrialization. But other groups and professions went through similar processes towards professionalization, such as personnel from the garrisons, and, in the case of Copenhagen, students.

    In June 1787, over a thousand students and citizens demonstrated their dissatisfaction with the Copenhagen police who had arrested several students. Military forces were deployed, and a battle between students and troops broke out and continued for several days. Another case occurred five years later, in February 1793, as a result of a fight between a student and an officer outside the central postal office at Merchant Street (‘Købmagergade’). Both the civic police and patrols from the garrisons had to be called upon. Authorities forced the mass down the street using batons and rifle butts. It soon became highly violent and people protested against police brutality. More than 160 people were interrogated, mostly people from the middle classes.

    In both of these incidents it was obviously violence on the part of the authorities that escalated the situation. It thus seems to differ from the Swedish tradition.

     

    Reasons for the unrest are often hard to find in the available sources. In contrast to both French and English towns, the pre-industrial Scandinavian capitals were never hit by food-related riots. However, although sources are rich, they generally do not tell us very much about the participation of women. Especially official court records seldom list women as guilty or even as witnesses. However, parallel records indicate that women were represented in the masses to the same high degree as men.

     

    Several riots started as ideological protests by political aware middle class people. But the social composition of masses sometimes changed during the course of the disturbances. When riots in the later stages expanded and get violent, it was largely people recruited from the lower strata that formed the crowd. This phenomenon of ‘the dual masses’ can be observed in both cities, mainly in the later part of the period.

  • 80.
    Berglund, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Nilsson, LarsStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Nordiska Lokalsamhällen i möte med globaliseringen 1950–20102015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den 8–10 oktober 2012 stod Stads- och kommunhistoriska institutet värd för det tolfte nordiska lokalhistoriska seminariet. Temat denna gång var Nordiska lokalsamhällen i möte med globaliseringen 1950–2010. 

    I den här boken ingår åtta av de föredrag som presenterades på seminariet. Tillsammans täcker de ett spektrum av områden som på olika sätt berörts av globaliseringen och övergången till ett postindustriellt samhälle. 

    Bidragen kommer från Sverige, Norge, Danmark och Finland och ger en uppfattning om några samhälleliga processer som under de senaste 50–60 åren påverkat livet i städer, tätorter och andra lokalsamhällen i Norden. Samtidigt har orterna själva interagerat och genom egna beslut varit med och påverkat bland annat globaliseringen, avindustrialiseringen och övergången mot postindustrialism. 

  • 81.
    Bergman, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Att skriva en skilsmässa: Kvinnors jagberättelser om känslor, privatliv och uppbrott2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Papret behandlar kvinnors jagberättelser om känslor, familjeuppbrott och skilsmässa, mot en fond av Sverige i förändring. Med utgångspunkt i ett urval av kvinnliga självbiografier publicerade under 1900-talets mitt utforskas hur olika kvinnliga berättarjag förhåller privata livsbeslut till två tidslager, både den tid som format dessa kvinnor som unga och den pågående skrivande samtiden. Läsningen av materialet är inspirerad av forskning som ser jagberättelser i relation till samtida samhällsberättelser. Under kvinnornas levnad hade samhälleliga normer kring kön, intimitet, känsloliv och privatliv kommit att genomgå förskjutningar, något som de aktivt förhöll sig till i sina självbiografiska skildringar av skilsmässor och uppbrott. Papret undersöker därmed hur kvinnor byggde upp sina livsberättelser i dialog med samtidens förändrade berättelser och i relation till det maktutrymme som stod dem till buds.

  • 82.
    Bergman, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Divorce in the century of the child: Post-divorce parenthood in Sweden during the 20th century2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    With a long historical lens, the paper addresses questions of change and continuity within Swedish political and professional discourses on divorce and post-divorce parenthood during the 20th century, the century proclaimed as “the century of the child” by the Swedish reformer Ellen Key. As divorce became a legally viable option early in the century, also for families with minor children, the question of what constituted proper post-divorce parenthood and family life became a matter of social work expertise. With regards to divorce, new interpretations of concepts such as “the child’s best interest” and “family stability” begun to circulate among social workers and family counselors. The paper discusses these transformations, where earlier efforts to foster family stability and shared responsibility for children within a marriage, were substitutes with techniques of regulating family life and parenthood also after divorce and separation.

  • 83.
    Bergman, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Feminism, kärlek och ilska: Känsloregler och känslopolitik i 1970-talets Sverige2017In: Känslornas revolution: Kärlek, ilska och lycka på 1970‐talet / [ed] Helena Bergman, Christina Florin, Jens Ljunggren, Stockholm: Appell Förlag , 2017, p. 157-178Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 84.
    Bergman, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Föräldraskap som problem och möjlighet i det tidiga 1900-talets reformdebatt2017In: Socialt arbete och socialpolitik: Om Centralförbundet för socialt arbete och dess betydelse / [ed] Hans Swärd, Per Gunnar Edebalk, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 329-343Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 85.
    Bergman, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Verklighetens Nora: Mia Leche Löfgren och hennes skilsmässoberättelse2015In: Personhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0031-5699, Vol. 111, no 1, p. 93-108Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 86.
    Bergman, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Vi har tiden på vår sida! Genushistoria och den tvärvetenskapliga genusforskningen2012In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 78, no 2:S, p. 15-21Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 87.
    Bergman, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Äktenskap förgår men föräldraskap består: Staten och skilsmässobarnen vid 1900-talets mitt2011In: Föräldraskapets politik: Från 1900-tal till 2000-tal / [ed] Helena Bergman; Maria Eriksson; Roger Klinth, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2011, p. 85-107Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 88.
    Bergman, Helena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Florin, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Ljunggren, Jens
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Inledning: Känslor, tid och förändring2017In: Känslornas revolution: kärlek, ilska och lycka på 1970-talet / [ed] Helena Bergman, Christina Florin, Jens Ljunggren, Stockholm: Appell förlag , 2017, p. 9-28Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 89.
    Bergman, Helena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Florin, ChristinaStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.Ljunggren, JensStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Känslornas revolution: Kärlek, ilska, lycka på 1970-talet2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 90.
    Bergman, Helena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Maria, Eriksson
    Klinth, Roger
    Föräldraskapets omvandlingar och styrningens omvandlingar2011In: Föräldraskapets politik: Från 1900-tal till 2000-tal / [ed] Helena Bergman, Maria Eriksson & Roger Klinth, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2011, p. 7-26Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 91.
    Bergman, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    "Den järnhårda lönelagen": Om proggen - politik på marknadens villkor2011In: Sign o´the times.: Introduktion till populärmusik som historia / [ed] Johan Bergman, Mikael Byström och Nikolas Glover, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2011, 1, p. 259-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 92.
    Bergman, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Kulturfolk eller folkkultur?: 1968, kulturarbetarna och demokratin2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Cultural folk or folk culture? 1968, cultural workers and democracy.

    In the early 1960’s it became clear that although Swedish citizens had experienced an overall increase in material well-being and political democracy, there were still severe shortages in terms of cultural democracy. The radicalisation of the 1960’s meant that students and leftist artists were to play an important part in attempts to rectify this — both as idea-bearers and policy-makers. Using the debates of cultural democracy as a starting point, this thesis focuses on how leftist radical “cultural workers” aimed at democratising culture during the 1960’s and the 1970’s. Demands were raised for a fundamental shift in focus from the context of cultural production (and, accordingly, the producers) to cultural consumption and the consumers.

    The study follows a cultural democratic tendency that expanded from established theatre institutions during the 1960’s over to the radical so-called “free” theatre groups, the progressive music movement and the textile collectives of the 1970’s. By comparing three organisations within the fields of theatre, music and textile respectively, both general and specific conditions and dilemmas that characterised these branches are analysed.

    The democratisation of culture during the 1970’s led to processes of professionalisation and politicisation. In these developments, authoritative criteria for what constituted “true” art were called upon. These measures can be understood both as a consequence of the actors’ ambition to reduce competition that resulted from producing culture on a market, but also as a way of gaining cultural status. Despite various revolutions within different cultural areas the agents agreed on one thing; the absolute right of an autonomous cultural field to exist. This meant that the battle of defining “true art” was about something real and precisely therefore a battle worth fighting.

  • 93.
    Bergman, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Byström, MikaelStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.Glover, NikolasStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Sign o' the times: Introduktion till populärmusik som historia2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 94.
    Bergman, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Byström, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Glover, Nikolas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    "The future ain't what it used to be, you altered the course of history": Om konstruktioner av pophistorien2011In: Sign o' the times: Introduktion till populärmusik som historia / [ed] Bergman, Johan; Byström, Mikael; Glover, Nikolas, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 95.
    Bergman, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Byström, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Glover, Nikolas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    The times they are a-changin´: Om populärmusik och revoltens mytologi2011In: Framtider, ISSN 0281-0492, no 4, p. 7-9Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 96.
    Bergman, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Byström, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Glover, Nikolas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    "Truth Hides": Verktyg för att undersöka det förflutna2011In: Sign o' the times: Introduktion till populärmusik som historia / [ed] Bergman, Johan; Byström, Mikael; Glover, Nikolas, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 97.
    Bergman, Johan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Byström, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Glover, Nikolas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    "We got a vision, baby, that we just can't ignore": Om syftet med boken och den historiska bakgrunden2011In: Sign o' the times: Introduktion till populärmusik som historia / [ed] Bergman, Johan; Byström, Mikael; Glover, Nikolas, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 98.
    Bergqvist, Kim
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Courtliness, Nobility, and Emotional Restraint in the First Old Swedish Translated Romances: on Herr Ivan and Flores och Blanzeflor2017In: Beyond the Piraeus Lion: East Norse Studies from Venice / [ed] Jonathan Adams, Massimiliano Bampi, Copenhagen/Odense: Syddansk Universitetsforlag, 2017, p. 189-212Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    De första riddarromanerna som översattes till fornsvenska, Herr Ivan (1303) och Flores och Blanzeflor (1312), utgör i denna artikel exempel på hur två medeltida översättningar omformulerar känslor och beskrivningar av verbala och fysiska känslomässiga uttryck. De litterära gestalternas emotionella tillstånd presenteras som etiska dilemman, men de svenska översättningarna understryker också deras effekter på den sociala och politiska ordningen. Felaktiga känslor och inte minst omåttliga känslouttryck var problematiska för den politiska eliten. Den svenska 1300-talsaristokratin behövde en litteratur som kunde lansera höviska uppförandekoder, som spred idén om att den som fötts med ädelt blod var mer behärskad, rationell och därmed lämplig att styra riket. I artikeln diskuteras hur översättningarnas funktioner relaterar till olika strata inom den svenska aristokratin och dessas möjliga varierande reception av texterna.

  • 99.
    Bergqvist, Kim
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Debating the Limitations of Kingship in Fourteenth-Century Sweden: Political Language and Norms in Romance and Chronicle2015In: The Eufemiavisor and Courtly Culture: Time, Texts and Cultural Transfer: Papers from a symposium in Stockholm 11-13 October 2012 / [ed] Olle Ferm, Ingela Hedström, Sofia Lodén, Jonatan Pettersson & Mia Åkestam, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, 2015, p. 67-85Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 100.
    Bergqvist, Kim
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Den medeltida riddaren som intertextuellt fenomen: Om hjältekonstruktioner i Eufemiavisorna och Erikskrönikan2012In: Hjältar och Hjältinnor: Föreställningar och gestaltningar från Eufemiavisorna till Gösta Berlings saga / [ed] Therése Andersson, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2012, 1, p. 41-73Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Riddarromaner och historiska krönikor är området för Kim Bergqvists artikel "Den medeltida riddaren som intertextuellt fenomen: Om hjältekonstruktioner i Eufemiavisorna och Erikskrönikan." I artikeln studerar Bergqvist görandet av hjältar genom analyser av föreställningar om och gestaltningar av medeltida riddare, så som de framställs i ovanstående narrativ från 1300-talet. Bergqvist menar att dessa, mer eller mindre, fiktiva hjältegestaltningar, förhandlade i en samtida nationell, sociohistorisk kontext, utgjorde ett medel i den aristokratiska gruppens identitetsskapande och som sådan verkade normerande för tidsperiodens uppfattningar om idealiserad manlighet och kvinnlighet. (Ur Therése Anderssons inledning, Hjältar och Hjältinnor, ss. 13-14)

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