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  • 51.
    Blehr, Barbro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, Comparative Religion and Gender Studies.
    Minnen från igår och idag1993In: Lusthusporten: En forskningsinstitution och dess framväxt 1918-1993, Nordiska museet, Stockholm , 1993, p. 319-332Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 52.
    Blehr, Barbro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Nationellt försvar2018In: Laboratorium för folk och kultur, ISSN 2489-7566, no 2Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 53.
    Blehr, Barbro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Nationen i exil: Norskt nationaldagsfirande i Stockholm och på Skansen2016In: Skansen 125: Nordiska museets och Skansens årsbok 2016 / [ed] Charlotte Ahnlund Berg, Anders Carlsson, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 2016, p. 60-79Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 54.
    Blehr, Barbro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Oansenlig situationshumor: Ett par fall och några frågor2014In: Skratt som fastnar: Kulturella perspektiv på skratt och humor / [ed] Lars-Eric Jönsson; Fredrik Nilsson, Lunds universitet , 2014, p. 87-100Chapter in book (Refereed)
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  • 55.
    Blehr, Barbro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, Comparative Religion and Gender Studies. Etnologi.
    "... Og føler intenst et eller annet.": 17 maj i Stockholm ur en deltagares perspektiv1995In: Gatan är vår!: Ritualer på offentliga platser, Carlssons förlag, Stockholm , 1995, p. 103-133Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 56.
    Blehr, Barbro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Om den svenska folkkyrkans samtida utmaningar2016In: Saga och sed: Kungl. Gustav Adolfs Akademiens årsbok, ISSN 0586-5360, Vol. 2016, p. 51-93Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 57.
    Blehr, Barbro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, Comparative Religion and Gender Studies. Etnologi.
    Om femtiotalistbegreppets relevans1993In: Femtiotalister: Om konstruerandet av kulturella generationer, Carlssons förlag, Stockholm , 1993, p. 95-109Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 58.
    Blehr, Barbro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies. Etnologi.
    On ritual effectiveness: The case of Constitution Day1999In: Ethnologia Scandinavica, ISSN 0348-9698, Vol. 29, p. 28-43Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 59.
    Blehr, Barbro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Participant Observation: On the Past and Future of a Method2023In: Ethnologia Scandinavica, ISSN 0348-9698, E-ISSN 0348-9698, Vol. 53, p. 136-153Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 60.
    Blehr, Barbro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Recension av Den dubbla blicken: Historia i de nordiska samhällena kring sekelskiftet 1900. Red. Harald Gustafsson m fl. Lund, 2007.2010In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, no 1, p. 59-60Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 61.
    Blehr, Barbro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Recension av Nordisk etnologi 1921-2021. Ett ämne i rörelse. Nilsson, Fredrik och Åström, Anna-Maria (red.). Åbo Akademiförlag, Åbo, 20212022In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, Vol. 105, no 3, p. 182-184Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Blehr, Barbro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, Comparative Religion and Gender Studies. Etnologi.
    Sacred unity, sacred similarity: Norwegian Constitution Day parades1999In: Ethnology, ISSN 0014-1828, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 175-189Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Norwegian Constitution Day parades are annual occasions for public demonstrations of belonging to the Norwegian community. Simultaneously they are events that mark social statuses and categories by including them in different ways or by excluding them from participation. This article discusses three kinds of contemporary Constitution Day parades, inviting participants in their capacities of schoolchildren, teenage students or citizens. Examining their composition and focussing particularly upon the citizens' parade, the article shows how parades, partly against their overtly stated intentions, come to support a narrowly defined Norwegian normality and ascribe to modern subcultural and ethnic minorities a controversial character.

  • 63.
    Blehr, Barbro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Samtidsetnologi före samtidsetnologin2019In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, Vol. 102, no 4, p. 209-220Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ethnology of the present: Revisiting a debate in 1967

    According to a popular understanding among Swedish Ethnologists (not least in Stockholm), its practitioners turned to studies of contemporary society and culture in the 1960’s, with a young generation taking the lead. This paper examines how a little group of their elders, in the same decade, envisioned and assessed the prospect of ethnological studies of modern life. Based primarily on contributions to a symposium on the theme, the following key components of their vision are identified: an understanding of “the contemporary” as a period of considerable length; the adherence to a particular concept of tradition; and a dedication to the ideal of a broad coverage of modern life and collections of data large enough to secure that results would be representative, or typical. In combination, these components rendered the task of studying modern life overwhelming and in practice impossible to realize, for lack of personnel and resources. In the concluding remarks, various aspects of the transition to an Ethnology of the present are illuminated by comparing the paradigmatic work of Åke Daun (1969) to the vision presented by the elders and to some other publications issued at the same time.

  • 64.
    Blehr, Barbro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Smil, spøk og alvor: Rituell kringkasting og meningsproduksjon2023In: Spill med magiske sirkler: En utforsking av lek-ritual-kontinuumet / [ed] Audun Kjus, Fredrik Skott, Ida Tolgensbakk & Susanne Österlund-Pötzsch, Uppsala: Kungl. Gustav Adolfs Akademien för svensk folkkultur , 2023, p. 35-54-Chapter in book (Refereed)
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    Smil, spøk og alvor
  • 65.
    Blehr, Barbro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies. Etnologi.
    Stas for barna: Om barnemobilisering og barneperspektiver på 17. mai2001In: Dugnad: Tidsskrift for etnologi, ISSN 0332-5784, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 5-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with how primary school children experience Constitution Day celebrations. The source material is compositions and drawings made by the children immediately after these celebrations in 1995. An analysis of this material shows that the children are especially interested in those aspects of the celebration in which they themselves participate actively, or which are exciting or during which they enjoy treats for eating and drinking. In general they are very positively inclined towards the celebration of Constitution Day. On this basis, the point is made that these celebrations provide the young participants with a positive and physically grounded first impression of phenomena such as "country" and "national fellowship", and that this impression can to some extent have a lasting effect.

    Artikkelen drøfter skolebarns erfaringer av 17. mai-feiring på basis av stiler og tegninger laget av annenklassinger rett etter feiringen i 1995. Analysen av disse dokumentene viser at barna er sterkt fokusert på de innslag i feiringen hvor de selv kan være aktive, hvor det foregår noe spennende, og hvor de spiser og drikker noe godt. Generelt fremstår de også som meget positivt innstilt til nasjonaldagsfeiringen. På dette grunnlag hevdes det at 17. mai-markeringen forsyner de små deltakerne med en positiv og kroppslig fundert inngangsforståelse av fenomener som land og nasjonalt fellesskap, og at denne forståelse i noen grad kan ha varige effekter.

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  • 66.
    Blehr, Barbro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies. Etnologi.
    Stringens och spårskifte: Om Brita Egardts Hästslakt och rackarskam2006In: Rig: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, no 4, p. 204-213Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    A potential Classic: On Brita Egardt's Hästslakt och rackarskam

    If ethnologists were to put together their own list of classic texts, what books should be included, and for what reasons? This question was posed as an invitation to a workshop at the 30th Nordic meeting of ethnologists and folklorists in June, 2006, and brought about, in the first place, a little handful of suggested books. This paper presents one of these: Brita Egardt's dissertation "Hästslakt och rackarskam" (app.: The slaughter of horses and the shame of the slaughterer), published in 1962. My suggestion is that this study can serve as a model for ethnologists because it is extremely cogently thought and argued, and because of its focus, at the end of the analysis, on general social phenomena and processes such as hierarchy, exclusion and stigmatisation. In addition, I reflect on the posthumous reputation of the author of the book, and suggest further reflection on two issues. The first is marginalisation in academic contexts. If such a fate should affect any of us, how can it be handled, and how can personal bitterness be avoided? The other issue is academic leadership, which I suggest is a composite phenomenon that ought to be thoroughly rethought.

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  • 67.
    Blehr, Barbro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies. Etnologi.
    "Vi borde ha en nationaldag": Svenske forslag og forhåpninger2001In: Nasjonaldagsfeiring i fleirkulturelle demokrati / [ed] Hovland, Brit Marie og Aagedal, Olaf, København: Nordisk Ministerråd , 2001, p. 137-143Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 68.
    Blehr, Barbro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Working, moving, visiting: On the quality of everyday rituals2009In: Journal of Nordic Archaeological Science, ISSN 1650-1519, Vol. 16, p. 33-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    If rituals are by definition phenomena that are set apart from everyday routines, how are we to understand the concept of "everyday ritual"? This paper suggests that everyday rituals could be defined as instances of behaviour that are so closely connected to ordinary tasks and duties that they seem to be more like parts of these routines than contrasts to them – while, at the same time, they are discernible by formal criteria as units in their own right. This definition is tried out on three examples of activities, concerning working, moving, and visiting. It is further argued that though rituals are very interesting objects of study, they are not necessarily any more meaningful than other forms of behaviour.

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  • 69.
    Blumi, Isa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian and Middle Eastern studies.
    Review of Politicizing Islam in Central Asia: from the Russian revolution to the Afghan and Syrian jihads by Collins, Kathleen (2023)2024In: ChoiceReviews, ISSN 0009-4978, Vol. 61, no 8Article, book review (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on a vast array of oral, ethnographic, and documentary material, Collins (Univ. of Minnesota), once a recipient of the Carnegie Scholar Award for innovative research in international security and a consultant to various international organizations, gives readers a stark reminder of the consequences of the collapse of the Soviet Union. Collins’s intimate engagement with the Central Asian republics emerging since the 1990s informs this uniquely comprehensive study of the recent history of regional Islamic groups with broad political agendas. The men and women whom Collins interviewed became the primary agents of the disruptions throughout Central Asia and spilling into the Syrian war, making this massive work the most valuable resource for scholars and policy makers concerned with political Islam. The book’s underlying lesson of how state repression in the Soviet and post-Soviet eras has led to religious mobilizations is no doubt intended to sharpen analysis of the region as a primary strategic and security concern. It also serves notice about a new wave of persecution awaiting Muslims, who are confronted by the same conditions as the Central Asian Islamist movements, which have contributed to the Tajik and Afghan civil wars and the foreign fighters in Syria.

  • 70.
    Bondesson, Astrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Självet i spelet: En studie om dataspelskaraktärer som del i identitetsprocesser2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka vilken roll spelkaraktärer kan ha iidentitetsprocesser. Materialet består av åtta enskilda intervjuer om cirka 30-90 minuter vardera, med deltagare i åldern 20-54 år. Jag fann att deltagarna känner identifikation medkaraktärer som liknar dem själva på olika sätt. Detta och upplevelsen av att styra karaktärenbidrar till att man uppfattar denne som en förlängning av spelaren själv. Deltagarna efterfrågar valfrihet i spelandet och karaktärsskapandet, men rimliga begränsningar i valfriheten kan accepteras. Spelare kan också rollspela som någon annan, eller uppleva att de spelar tillsammans med karaktären de styr. I dessa fall uppfattas den som separat från dem själva, men de förhåller sig ändå till den och speglar sig i den. Rollspel kan vara ett sätt att reflexivt testa identiteter, men identiteten man testar kan också bygga på självet.

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  • 71.
    Bornsäter, Jonas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies. 1985.
    De sexuella nomaderna: En etnologisk studie av frigörelse och kontroll i skuggan av bastuklubbslagen2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen gör ett nedslag i samtida Stockholm för att studera samma typer av rum som bastuklubbslagen förbjöd. Dess övergripande syfte är att studera hur användningen av darkrooms i Stockholm ger upphov till uttryck för frigörelse och kontroll. Med stöd från empiriskt material som producerats ur observationer, intervjuer och frågelistor visar resultatet att varaktiga miljöer upplevs som kontrollerande medan föränderliga miljöer upplevs som frigörande. Även bastun, mörkret och tystanden har frigörande effekter i dessa miljöer i och med att de raderar sociala lager från de mänskliga subjekten. Platser som är synliga kan locka till sig en större mängd heterogena kroppar som i sin tur öppnar upp för fler sexuella möjligheter. Men ju större blandningen blir desto större blir behovet av gemensam ordning och kontroll. Synligheten, som är en av kapitalismens främsta verktyg, öppnar också upp för statlig insyn och reglering. Darkrooms är idag olagliga i miljöer där det säljs alkohol och regleras därför indirekt via alkohollagen, till skillnad från bastuklubbslagen vars reglering skedde direkt. På grund av den rådande lagstiftningen kan darkrooms därför enbart existera bortom statlig insyn och kontroll.

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  • 72.
    Brück, Ulla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Sweden2010In: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion: volume 8 West Europe / [ed] Lise Skov, Oxford/New York: Berg Publishers , 2010, 1, p. 323-329Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 73.
    Burström, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Arkeologi i förorten: berättelser från norra Botkyrka2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 74.
    Bylund, Christine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Mellan hjälte och vårdpaket: En etnologisk studie av möjliga funktionshinderpositioner utifrån ett crip-teoretiskt perspektiv2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to investigate possible positions of identification for people with dis/abilities. With a theoretical basis in crip-theory it discusses the notions of power and deviance and its’ importance for the formation and reproduction of ideas around the concepts of dis/ability, ableism, deviancy and normality.

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  • 75.
    Bäckman, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Att se med andras ögon2009In: Etnografiska observationer / [ed] Gösta Arvastson, Billy Ehn, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, p. 117-134Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 76.
    Bäckman, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Blondiner: svenskhet, sexualitet och kön2016In: Ungdomar, sexualitet och relationer / [ed] Elisabet Häggström-Nordin, Chris Magnusson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 2, p. 185-202Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 77.
    Bäckman, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Den läckande ungdomskroppen: om ungdomsmottagningars helhetssyn2016In: Ungdomar, sexualitet och relationer / [ed] Elisabet Häggström-Nordin, Chris Magnusson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 2, p. 379-394Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 78.
    Bäckman, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Det fria skolvalets spökhistorier2015In: Opsis Barnkultur, ISSN 2000-3277, no 4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 79.
    Bäckman, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, Comparative Religion and Gender Studies.
    Det skamlig i att "dra en spätta": Oro i samlevnadsundervisningen2006In: Lokus: Tidskrift för forskning om barn och ungdomar, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 80.
    Bäckman, Maria
    Stockholm University.
    Det skamliga i att ”dra en spätta”. Oro i samlevnadsundervisningen.2006In: Locus, ISSN 1100-3197, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 81.
    Bäckman, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies. Etnologi.
    Det svaga könet.: Samlevnadsundervisningen och omsorgen om killarna.2007In: KRUT: Tidskrift för kritisk utbildningsvetenskap., ISSN 0347-5409, no 125Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 82.
    Bäckman, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Hemma i Bergby: om bruket av plats.2012In: Stockholm: global stad / [ed] Ulf Sörenson, Stockholm: Langenskiöld , 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 83.
    Bäckman, Maria
    Stockholm University.
    Hemma i förorten?: Om bruket av plats.2011In: Andra Stockholm: liv, plats och identitet i storstaden. / [ed] Bo Larsson, Birgitta Svensson, Stockholm: Stockholmia förlag, 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 84.
    Bäckman, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Kulturhistoria i etnologisk undervisning2019In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, no 4, p. 221-234Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 85.
    Bäckman, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Lämnar plats (för den vita käppen)2019In: Sånt vi bara gör / [ed] Jenny Nilsson, Susanne Nylund Skog, Fredrik Skott, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2019, p. 80-82Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 86.
    Bäckman, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies. Etnologi.
    Miljonsvennar i förorten.: Om etnifiering och gemenskap.2007In: Kulturnavigering i skolan., Gleerups, Malmö , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 87.
    Bäckman, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Miljonsvennar: Omstridda platser och identiteter2009Book (Other academic)
  • 88.
    Bäckman, Maria
    Stockholm University.
    Och störst av allt är kärleken: en sexualundervisning bortom kärlekskravet.2004In: Locus, ISSN 1100-3197, no 3Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 89.
    Bäckman, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Sex- och samlevnadsundervisning i skolan2010In: Sexologi / [ed] Chalotte Löfgren-Mårtensson, Per Olov Mårtensson, Stockholm: Liber, 2010, 3, p. 423-429Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 90.
    Bäckman, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, Comparative Religion and Gender Studies. Etnologi.
    Sidsel Natland 2007.: Volden, horen og vennskapet. En kulturanalytisk studie av unge jenter som utøvere av vold.2007In: Tidskrift for kulturforskning, ISSN 1502-7473, Vol. 6, no 3Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 91.
    Bäckman, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Skansen för barn2014In: Opsis barnkultur, ISSN 2000-3277, no 4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 92.
    Bäckman, Maria
    Stockholm University.
    Svenskhet i marginalen: om en föreställd gemenskap.2009In: Tidskrift for kjønnsforskning (Norge), no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 93.
    Bäckman, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    The Contract-labour Photographs of Gunnar Lundh: A Media History Study of a Photo Archive in Motion2020In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 36-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this article is the work of photographer Gunnar Lundh, specifically the works collectively known as the statare photographs, images of rural contract labourers (or statare) that form part of a collection donated to the Nordic Museum in 1961. An overview of how these photographs have circulated in the Swedish public sphere indicates that three areas are particularly suitable for a targeted study of their use and reuse: i) social reportage, aimed at the miserable conditions facing these agricultural labourers in the emerging welfare state; ii) a biographical theme, in which the contract-labour photographs are part of a historical layer that repeatedly connects the author and opinion former Ivar Lo-Johansson with the ‘contract-labour photographer’ Lundh; and iii) how the older images remain a relevant element of a contemporary material cultural-heritage creation. In all of these examples, Lundh’s contract-labour photographs function as visual models through which it becomes possible to represent the contract labourers’ historical reality in books, buildings and interiors. However, they also constitute important components in the creation and perpetuation of what this article highlights as a distinctive set of intra-referential memory.

  • 94.
    Bäckman, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Viskleken - mejlet från UD: Sverige i brand och Donald Trump2019In: Eftertankar: sex etnologer korsar sina spår / [ed] Ander Björklund, Barbro Blehr, Simon Ekström, Stockholm: Vulkan förlag , 2019, p. 47-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 95.
    Bäckman, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Vita käppen - redskapet som hjälper och stjälper: Om kroppar, skam, normalitet och tingens agens2019In: Budkavlen, ISSN 0302-2447, Vol. 98, p. 39-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article discusses the attempts of visually impaired individuals to sometimes pass as seeing. The background is the resistance that many blind or visually impaired people testify they feel, during their ongoing rehabilitation, about a white cane. Often, on these occasions they provide descriptions of dramatic narratives in which the user explains what it was like when they first realized that it was now really time to start using a cane (for example: When I fell in the water from the quay, or stepped out in front of a bus, etc.). However, many also relate the way a cane, even in more mundane contexts, makes the individual’s visual inability obvious to others and thereby makes the person particularly vulnerable. The tool that connects the visually impaired with the outside world is thus also a material expression which makes both the visual damage and the cane users more noticeable as less than a fully functional individual.

    By holding on to the materiality of the cane and its nature of being a physical object, our understanding can be increased of the ambivalent relationship that many visually impaired people develop with a white cane. On the basis of social materiality studies and the concept of ableism, taken from critical handicap research, the article shows how the use of a white cane takes place in a public space; a space where the user variously inhabits an “imaginary” full-sighted body and another, existing body, which on the contrary is characterized by its weakened vision. However, it is important to realize that the persistent rejection mechanism that many visually impaired people have for a cane is intimately linked to ableism and existing norms of bodily functions. A desire to repel an object that reduces one to something else, and consequently to a somewhat lower standing, is a perfectly reasonable reaction to a deeply rooted social conflict. For many people with visual impairment, the resistance to a white cane must therefore be understood as a refusal to embody a functional normative failure.

  • 96.
    Bäckman, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Ekström, Simon
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Den vita käppen: Att se och synas från marginalen2015In: I utkanter och marginaler: 31 texter om kulturhistoria: en vänbok till Birgitta Svensson / [ed] Marianne Larsson, Anneli Palmsköld, Helena Hörnfeldt, Lars-Eric Jönsson, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 2015, p. 153-164Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 97.
    Bäckman, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Ekström, Simon
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Museer, kön och genus - några reflektioner kring en närvarande frånvaro2011In: Nordisk Museologi, ISSN 1103-8152, no 2, p. 83-98Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 98.
    Carlsson, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Den tillfälliga husmodern: Hemvårdarinnekåren i Sverige 1940-19602013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the history of the Swedish public home help service. The public provision of home help is taken as an empirical example of the state’s relationship with the private sphere. Housework and care work are discussed as political issues and as the objects of a professionalization project. The study addresses the creation and distribution of welfare in the form of public services that are delivered in private homes and analyses how visionary government policies worked in practice. In the broadest sense, the thesis aims to increase understanding of the difficult and deeply-rooted problem of how housework and care work can be made ‘real work’.

    Those who started the public home help service argued that it would relieve the shortage of domestic servants, increase the birth rate, reduce poverty and improve public health. In addition, it was believed that paid domestic work, when performed by public home help workers, would be transformed into a respectable occupation through education, selective recruitment and regulated pay and conditions. This ambition, however, was doomed from the start in part because, as this study shows, central actors in the public home help service took an ambivalent approach concerning educational requirements. Professional care work in the household found itself in a paradoxical situation because its central tasks were the same as those all women and mothers were expected to be able to carry out in the private sphere.

    The public home help service had a surprisingly short life span. After sixteen years the state subsidy for public home help workers was withdrawn, and new societal problems and political questions took priority.  At the same time, the gender discourse underwent significant changes. The necessary preconditions for the existence of the home help had disappeared. Nevertheless, the significance of the public home help service is greater than its own short existence. Seen in a wider historical perspective, the home help service represents an important example of how paid housework constantly takes on new forms and how difficult raising the status and value of household labor is, even when it is publicly supported and regulated.  

  • 99.
    Carlström, Ann Kristin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    På spaning i Stockholm: En etnologisk studie av polisarbete1999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis forms a study of the work of an investigative intelligence group within the Stockholm police during the 1990s. The aim is to research how a group of detectives worked out their assignments and created a meaningful work situation given the conditions and scope of the police organisation. On an overall level the study examines the social construction of the group, and the way its members saw themselves and each other.

    The study is mainly based on fieldwork carried out in the group. Reflexive consciousness was a phenomenon characteristic of those studied and of their environment: the ethnologist researched the investigators who were investigating the suspected criminals, who in their turn wheeled round and observed these investigative police.

    An organisation like the police structures its employees’ thinking on certain fundamental practices. The material design of the police station corresponded with the divisions the police made into the categories police employees, the public, and suspect criminals. But within the framework of the organisation there was freedom to develop other ways of thinking and scope for shaping the work. The professional work of the detectives was paradoxical in several ways. These investigators developed strategies for concealing their work, sometimes they appeared to find themselves in a liminal situation between the public and the suspects and it was their duty to watch over others but they themselves tried at the same time to evade the control of superiors. Egalitarian relations between work colleagues were an ideal, while at the same time female colleagues were relatively subordinate to the males. Gender inequality seemed thereby not to exist and legitimated male dominance. The first three factors can be understood in the context of a certain type of competence developed by the detectives in their work. This was there ability to grasp distinctions and thereby differentiate and maintain boundaries. It was through such processes that meaning was created and some conflicting elements in their work were balanced out.

  • 100.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Heder och sexuellt våld: En undersökning av medeltida isländska källor2005In: Hedersmord: Tusen år av hederskulturer, Historiska media, Lund , 2005, p. 47-75Chapter in book (Other academic)
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