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  • 51.
    Hellstadius, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Patenträtt2019In: Lärobok i immaterialrätt: upphovsrätt, patenträtt, mönster- och formgivningsrätt, känneteckensrätt - i Sverige, EU och internationellt, Stockholm: Norstedts Juridik AB, 2019, 12, p. 229-348Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 52.
    Hellstadius, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Sakrättsliga aspekter på växtförädlarrätt2002In: Immaterialrätt & Sakrätt / [ed] Annina H. Persson, Marianne Levin & Sanna Wolk, Stockholm: Juridiska fakulteten, Univ. , 2002, p. 103-117Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 53.
    Hellstadius, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    The Research Exemption in Patent Law and its Application to hES Cell Research2009In: Embryonic Stem Cell Patents: European Law and Ethics / [ed] Aurora Plomer/Paul Torremans, Oxford: Oxford University Press , 2009, 1, p. 323-342Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 54.
    Hellstadius, Åsa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Renman Claesson, Katarina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Biobanken och immaterialrätten2003In: Biobanksrätt / [ed] Sanna Wolk, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2003, p. 235-262Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 55.
    Hellstadius, Åsa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Schovsbo, Jens
    You told me, Right? Free and Informed Consent in European Patent Law2019In: Global Genes, Local Concerns: Legal, Ethical, and Scientific Challenges in International Biobanking / [ed] Timo Minssen, Janne Rothmar Herrmann, Jens Schovsbo,, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019, p. 92-116Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book chapter concerns the rule in EU patent law that for patent applications pertaining to human biological material the person from whose body the material is taken must have had the opportunity of expressing free and informed consent (FIC) in accordance with national law. We argue that the patent rules should be understood in the light of the development in health law and fundamental rights law where FIC has long been a central concept which is e.g. recognized in the EU’s Charter on Fundamental Rights. Against that basis, we suggest that patent law and patent practices have so far not fully recognized the importance and central role of FIC. For these reasons, non-compliance with the FIC-requirement arguably has the potential to be used to challenge patent validity. Whereas patent law clearly should acknowledge the importance of the FIC-obligations, we suggest that the effects of this should be measured carefully and with a view of maintaining the overall balancing of interests. We, therefore, recommend that even though non-compliance with the provisions on FIC does in fact have the potential to invalidate patents, this should only happen in those rare circumstances where such non-compliance would amount to not only a violation of legal rules but also amount to a serious violation of principles of ordre public or morality in line with current patent law standards.

  • 56.
    Hellstadius, Åsa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Wessman, Richard
    Wolk, Sanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Intellectual Property and Biobanks2003In: Biobanks as resources for health / [ed] Mats G. Hansson & Marianne Levin, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 2003, p. 207-227Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 57.
    Klymenko, Anastasiia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Choosing licensing level by SEP holder- right or abuse?2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the modern, sophisticated world, connectivity has become a part of everyday routine: answering the phone call through the car or sending emergency calls by smartwatch to the nearest hospital. The ICT industry is the one that enables this connectivity by developing such technologies as 3G, 4G, 5G and WI-FI that can connect the phone with a smartwatch, car, house or speaker. At the same time, the interconnection of a significant number of devices creates licensing issues, and one of them is discussed in this thesis. The two long-established industries: ICT and automotive, are in licensing contradiction due to the different licensing practices. One such case is the dispute between ICT producer Nokia and car manufacturer Daimler. Nokia obtains a patent essential to the 4G standard that shall be licensed on the FRAND terms. The merits of the case- are to who shall the owner of the ICT patent provide license: to all implementers or just to one; whether it has the right to choose its licensees. To figure out the answers, I examined the contractual obligations of Nokia to the ETSI (FRAND commitment), its compliance with Article 102 of the TFEU (abuse of dominant position) and whether the patent exhaustion prohibits some licensing practices. 

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  • 58. Kur, Annette
    et al.
    Levin, Marianne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    The IPT Project - proposals to reform the TRIPS Agreement2014In: Trips and developing countries: towards a new ip world order?, CHELTENHAM: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014, p. 163-215Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 59.
    Levin, Marianne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Challenges in IP Law2009In: The Handbook of European Intellectual Property Management: Developing, managing and protecting your company's intellectual propertyy / [ed] Adam Jolly, Jeremy Philpott, London: Kogan Page , 2009, 2nd, p. 45-52Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 60.
    Levin, Marianne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Det var för väl!2010In: Brand News, ISSN 1104-4675Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 61.
    Levin, Marianne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) - Another Untested Hurdle in Copenhagen2010In: Nordisk miljörättslig tidskrift, E-ISSN 2000-4273, no 2, p. 131-142Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 62.
    Levin, Marianne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Lärobok i immaterialrätt: upphovsrätt, patenträtt, mönster- och formgivningsrätt, känneteckensrätt - i Sverige, EU och internationellt2019 (ed. 12)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skyddet för intellektuella prestationer och kännetecken spelar i våra dagar en mycket stor ekonomisk och kulturell roll. Upphovsrätt, patenträtt, designrätt och känneteckensrätt, inklusive kvalitetsbeteckningar, utgör centrala värden i alla företag. Samtidigt innebär den moderna tekniska utvecklingen med nät, plattformar och robotar ständigt nya utmaningar. Det gäller att vara uppdaterad.

    EU-rätten tvingar till uppmärksamhet på ökad harmonisering, enhetsrätter och EU-domstolens centrala roll, som innebär nya hierarkier, metoder och rättskällor. Immaterialrättsliga frågor, inklusive innovationer, står högt på den nationella, europeiska och internationella dagordningen, bl.a. i samband med kunskapsspridning, klimatförhandlingar, hållbar utveckling och förbättrad folkhälsa.

    I denna tolfte upplaga av Lärobok i immaterialrätt behandlas den nationella immaterialrätten även i ljuset av de nya, särskilda domstolarna på området, Patent- och marknadsdomstolen och Patent- och marknadsöverdomstolen. Liksom tidigare understryks den nationella immaterialrättens beroende av framför allt den europeiska men även den internationella utvecklingen.

    Boken vänder sig till varje jurist som vill fördjupa sina kunskaper i immaterialrätt eller ha en pålitlig bok att slå i. Den kan med fördel användas på olika nivåer och i olika syften. Den insiktsfulla och problemorienterade framställningen liksom de många hänvisningarna till praxis och doktrin gör den till en värdefull rättskälla på området.

  • 63.
    Levin, Marianne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law. Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Ny varumärkeslag och ändringar i firmalagen?2010In: Ny juridik, ISSN ISBN-Nr: 978-91-7610-304-3, no 1, p. 7-20Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 64.
    Levin, Marianne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law. Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Sanktionsläran: Supplement till Lärobok i immaterialrätt 9 uppl.2010 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 65.
    Levin, Marianne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Signerat: Miljövänliga patent hotar klimatavtal2009In: Forskning och Framsteg, ISSN 0015-7937, no 8/2009, p. 46-47Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 66.
    Levin, Marianne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law. Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Svenska Föreningen för Industriellt Rättsskydd 1908-20082008In: Likt/unikt: innovation, kreativitet och plagiat, 2008Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 67.
    Levin, Marianne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Swedish IP Case Law Development in a European context - An Overview2011In: Swedish studies in European law / [ed] Thomas Bull, Lars Pehrson, Oxford: Hart Publishing , 2011, no 3Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 68.
    Levin, Marianne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law. Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    The Need for Climate Improvement in Intellectual Property Law2008In: Patents and Technological Progress in a Globalized World: Liber Amicorum Joseph Straus, 2008, p. 811-827Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 69.
    Levin, Marianne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    The pendulum keeps swinging2011In: Intellectual Property Rights In A Fair World Trade System:  proposals for reform of trips / [ed] Annette Kur with Marianne Levin, Edwar Elgar Publishing , 2011, p. 3-60Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 70.
    Levin, Marianne
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law. Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Kur, AnnetteMax-Planck-Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law, Munich, Germany .
    Intellectual Property Rights in a Fair Worl Trade System2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 71.
    Li, Peilin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Bolar Exemption of the TRIPS Flexibilities: A comparative analysis between the US, Finland and China, of patenting pharmaceuticals and access to vaccines during COVID-192021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, the aim is to address the persistent challenges posed by differing perspectives despite the establishment of the TRIPS agreement, which serves as a shared foundation for addressing legal and practical gaps among jurisdictions worldwide. The focus is on analyzing the Bolar exemptions within TRIPS Flexibilities for pharmaceutical patents in three specific regions: the Republic of Finland, the People's Republic of China (China), and the United States (the US). By employing a hierarchical approach that incorporates deductive theory, examination of legal cases, and literature review, this research aims to identify and resolve disparities between these jurisdictions. Both international law and national legal systems are scrutinized to ensure comparability across the three continents. Ultimately, the study presents a comprehensive assessment of the advantages and disadvantages associated with implementing Bolar provisions in each country, particularly in the context of facilitating access to vaccines during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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  • 72.
    Lunell, Erika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law. Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Dofter och ljud som föremål för varumärkesrätt - några kommentarer kring "Sieckmann-fallet"2003In: Nordiskt Immateriellt Rättsskydd (NIR), Vol. 72, no 2, p. 124-135Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 73.
    Lunell, Erika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law. Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Gemeinschaftsmarke und Recht der EU-Mitgliedstaaten: Länderbericht Schweden2006In: Gemeinschaftsmarke und Recht der EU-Mitgliedstaaten, Verlag C.H. Beck, München , 2006, p. 532-562Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 74. Malm, Annika
    Kollektiv rättighetsförvaltning på upphovsrättsområdet: Betänkande av Utredningen om kollektiv rättighetsförvaltning på upphovsrättsområdet2015Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Direktivet om kollektiv rättighetsförvaltning innehåller krav för att säkerställa att kollektiva förvaltningsorganisationer förvaltar upphovsrätt och närstående rättigheter på ett välfungerande sätt. Direktivet innehåller också bestämmelser om gränsöverskridande licensiering av upphovsrättigheter till musikaliska verk för användning på nätet.

    Utredningen har i huvudsak föreslagit ett genomförande som inte går längre än vad som krävs enligt direktivet, eftersom längre gående bestämmelser kan medföra konkurrensnackdelar. Utredningens utgångspunkt har varit att förslaget till nya bestämmelser ska ansluta sig till den nivå på krav som direktivet ställer.

    Utredningen har bedömt att de bestämmelser som är nödvändiga för att genomföra direktivet bör komma till uttryck i en ny lag. Utredningen har genomgående strävat efter lösningar som är förenliga med befintliga svenska principer och systematik, såväl vad gäller regelverket som de praktiska ordningarna för kollektiv förvaltning.

    Direktivet om kollektiv rättighetsförvaltning innehåller krav i fråga om i) styrning och kontroll över den kollektiva förvaltningen, ii) organisationernas inkassering, förvaltning och utbetalning av inkasserade medel, iii) organisationernas relationer till andra förvaltningsorganisationer, iv) förhållandet till användare samt v) insyn, tillhandahållande av information och rapportering. Därutöver innehåller direktivet villkor och krav för gränsöverskridande licensiering i vissa fall och slutligen bestämmelser om efterlevnad och kontroll.

  • 75.
    Marusic, Branka
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Supreme Court (Högsta domstolen) 17 March 2020 – B 5438-19 Criminal Liability for Dissemination of Images of a Person in an Especially Vulnerable Situation – Instagram pictures (case note by Branka Marusic)2020In: Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht. Internationaler Teil, ISSN 0435-8600, Vol. 69, no 10, p. 1090-1094Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Translation and case note B 5438-19 (dissemination of pictures on Instagram)

  • 76.
    Marušić, Branka
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    The mere provision of physical facilities for acts of communication to the public revisited - joined cases Blue Air and CFR (C-775/21) and (C-826/21)2023In: European intellectual property review, ISSN 0142-0461, Vol. 45, no 9, p. 551-556Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The inclusion of the term "mere provision of physical facilities", as evidenced in the preparatory works for the World Intellectual Property Office Copyright Treaty (WCT), was to shield internet service providers (ISPs) from liability for infringing communication to the public originating with a third party. In the European Union (EU), this term has been introduced as a recital to the InfoSoc Directive, and as such was applied beyond its original purpose. Primarily, it has been used to related rights and secondly, it has been applied in physical realities, assessing liabilities of hotels, rental cars, aircraft, and trains for copyright infringement. The assessment was based on focusing on what is a "physical facility" and what is a "mere provision". The Blue Air and CFR case offers two insights into the "mere provision". The first insight is that a mere provision can be automatic in nature. The second insight is that the automation that enables an act of communication can be for the benefit of travellers independently of their will.

  • 77.
    Nordell, Per Jonas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law. Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Qui tacet consentire videtur: Om passivitet, preklusion och preskription i immaterialrätten2008In: Festskrift till Marianne Levin,, Norstedts Juridik , 2008, p. 411–436-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 78.
    Nordell, Per Jonas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law. Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Rättsligt skydd för innovation och kreativitet: En balans mellan ensamrätt och frihållning2008In: Likt Unikt: Innovation, kreativitet och plagiat, Tekniska museet , 2008, p. 29–60-Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 79.
    Nordell, Per Jonas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law. Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Tolkningsprinciper i upphovsrättsavtal2008In: Nordiskt immaterieltt rättsskydd, Vol. 77, no 4, p. 307–338-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 80.
    Nordell, Per Jonas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law. Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Trepartsförhållanden i konsumentköp2008In: Festskrift till Lars Gorton, p. 434–451-Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 81.
    Nordell, Per Jonas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Varumärkesrättsligt skydd för så kallad trade dress2016In: Festskrift till Lars Pehrson / [ed] Ulf Bernitz; Jan Kleineman; Jori Munukka; Jessika van der Sluijs, Stockholm: Jure , 2016, p. 331-346Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 82.
    Pietjouw, Rinder
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    The Sustainability of EU Trade mark law: A research into the degree to which EU Trade mark law is tailored to achieve the EU Sustainable Development Goals2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The EU Sustainable Development Goals have long been a resemblance of the urgent call forclimate action and sustainable development. With increasing attention for climate change anda subsequent call for action from states, consumers’ preferences have now also changedtowards opting for sustainable goods and services. The fact that sustainability has becomeincreasingly important to consumers has not gone unnoticed by manufacturers and sellers ofgoods and services. Consequently, trade marks are increasingly used to label goods asenvironmentally sound and to create a sustainable image. With trade marks, certification marksand geographical indications being a valuable source of information, capable ofcommunicating this green reputation, there is also a significant risk of consumer deceptionthrough greenwashing. Nevertheless, trade mark law is used as a means of fosteringsustainable development. Consequently, trade mark law is concerned with sustainability. Thisbegs the question to what degree EU trade mark law is tailored to achieve the EU SustainableDevelopment Goals. To answer this question, a thorough assessment is made of the currentlegal framework of EU trade mark law. Multiple aspects of this system are discussed with afocus on descriptive and deceptive marks, as well as the right to repair, certification marks andgeographical indications. The assessment comprises of a look into the influence on sustainabledevelopment, together with the discerning of shortcomings in the way the respective aspectsof EU trade mark law can add to the achievability of the EU Sustainable Development Goals.After the individual assessments it is argued that there are multiple points of improvement.Further, solutions are introduced to remedy these points of improvement. In specific, aguideline including a non-exhaustive list of terms that should be avoided when registering atrade mark, CJEU recognition of sustainability as a characteristic through which the public canbe deceived and the introduction of sustainable production standards for EU certificationmarks and GIs, possibly through governmentally issued certification marks and GIs, are the keyimprovements of the EU trade mark regulatory system to improve the achievability of the SDGs.It is concluded that EU trade mark law is to a great extent tailored to achieve the EU SustainableDevelopment Goals, but that with the help of the suggested remedies, EU trade mark law canbecome a true catalyst of sustainable development.

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  • 83.
    Rosati, Eleonora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Aesthetic Functionality and the EU Trade Mark System: The Substantial Value of the Substantial Value Absolute Ground2019In: Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice, ISSN 1747-1532, E-ISSN 1747-1540, Vol. 14, no 12, p. 915-916Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 84.
    Rosati, Eleonora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    'Algorithm Fashion': An EU Perspective on Copyright-Related Challenges to Anticipating Consumers' Spending Decisions2024In: Routledge Handbook of Fashion Law (Routledge:2024) / [ed] E Rosati - I Calboli, Routledge, 2024Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Like any other commercial sector, the fashion industry is also working towards reducing the risk of ‘unsuccess’, that is decreased sales and loss of brand attractiveness and value. One way to achieve all this is by mining the large quantities of text and data that are shared daily through social media, in order to ‘understand’ consumers’ tastes and desires well before they are externalized through purchasing decisions. In other words, the goal is to anticipate such decisions. As a result, ‘algorithm fashion’ is on the rise. From a technical standpoint, however, mining processes often – though not invariably – require the undertaking of acts of reproduction of content – whether image, video, or text – that might be inter alia protected by copyright and/or related rights. As such, these processes become relevant from a copyright perspective too. This chapter considers the rise of algorithm fashion from an EU perspective, focusing in particular on the scope of the recently adopted exception or limitation for text and data mining found in Article 4 of the DSM Directive (2019/790) in order to determine whether and to what extent unlicensed mining activities may be undertaken in a commercial setting.

  • 85.
    Rosati, Eleonora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Are directives good for the EU internal market? The case of the Copyright DSM Directive and its national transpositions2021In: Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice, ISSN 1747-1532, E-ISSN 1747-1540, Vol. 16, no 10, p. 1027-1028Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 86.
    Rosati, Eleonora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Assessment of the Belgian additional remuneration rights for authors and performers (Articles 54 and 62 of the Law of 19 June 2022) in light of EU law2024In: European Intellectual Property ReviewArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This contribution focuses on the Belgian transposition of Directive 2019/790 (“CDSMD”). Specifically, it is concerned with assessing the compatibility of Articles 54 and 62 of Law of 19 June 2022 (“Belgian Law”) with Articles 17 and 18 CDSMD.

    Both Articles 54 and 62 of the Belgian Law have introduced an additional remuneration right (“ARR”) in favour of authors and performers who have transferred their rights to third parties for the communication/making available to the public of their works and performances. The former relates to uses of works and performances by online content-sharing services providers (“OCSSPs”), while the latter concerns uses by streaming services. In turn, Article 17 CDSMD governs the use of protected content by OCSSPs (as defined in Article 2, No 6 therein). Article 18 CDSMD sets forth a principle of appropriate and proportionate remuneration of authors and performers in certain cases. 

    This opinion explains why the ARRs introduced by the Belgian legislature through Articles 54 and 62 of the Belgian Law are incompatible with inter alia the EU law provisions referred to above and, therefore, the obligations of the Belgian State as arising from its EU membership. 

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  • 87.
    Rosati, Eleonora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Branderella: Trade Marks and Fictional Characters2020In: Propriété Intellectuelle et Pop Culture / [ed] Yann Basire, LexisNexis Butterworths, 2020Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Different IP rights are available for the protection of fictional characters. As far as copyright is concerned, doubts may however subsist regarding the classification of characters as self-standing works which enjoy copyright protection separate from the works in which they are contained. In addition, copyright protection is limited in time and encompasses the external appearance of such characters. Trade mark protection might thus present a certain attractiveness, due to the fact that it could be virtually perpetual and relate to elements that are not necessarily connected with the external appearance of the character. This contribution discusses why trade mark protection could and/or should be pursued, and details advantages and shortcomings of such regime under EU law. As regards the latter, it is doubtful whether trade mark registration could be effectively pursued in each and every instance, particularly on consideration of the applicability of the absolute grounds for refusal or invalidity concerning distinctiveness, public policy and morality and aesthetic functionality. In addition, the scope of protection – where available – would go only as far as allowing the trade mark owner to repress third-party uses of identical or similar signs, insofar as such uses are uses in a trade mark sense and affect the functions of the registered trade mark. All this suggests that the most effective way to protect a fictional character through IP is a comprehensive strategy that relies on different rights allowing the pursuit of different objectives of exclusivity, but is also conscious of the limitations that are inherent to each and every right.

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  • 88.
    Rosati, Eleonora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    CJEU Limits Scope of De-Referencing in Right to be Forgotten Cases to the EU Territory, but Leaves the Door Open for National Global Orders2019In: Media and Arts Law Review, Vol. 23, p. 307-309Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 89.
    Rosati, Eleonora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    CJEU Rules that Copyright Protection for Designs Only Requires Sufficient Originality2019In: Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice, Vol. 14, no 12, p. 931-932Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 90.
    Rosati, Eleonora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Collective Management of Rights in the European Union: Recent CJEU Case Law2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 91.
    Rosati, Eleonora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Copyright and the Court of Justice of the European Union2023 (ed. 2)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    First released in early 2019, Copyright and the Court of Justice of the European Union is still the only book completely devoted to the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) in the EU copyright field. It seeks to understand the Court’s role and action in the area of copyright and the resulting legacy. In his foreword to the first edition, First Advocate General Maciej Szpunar praised the ‘extremely profound analysis […] of EU copyright protection and relevant Court of Justice decisions’ finding that it constituted ‘uncharted territory, unveiling new information, perhaps never considered, even by members of the Court’. Between the first and the present edition, a lot has happened in the EU copyright field. Besides macro-events like the now completed departure of the UK from the EU and the adoption of the DSM Directive (2019/790), significant developments have also occurred in the case law of the CJEU. Among other things, seminal judgments have been issued, which touch upon all the main foundational aspects of EU copyright. This new edition is thus the result of a work of substantial revision. It provides novel insights into the activity of the CJEU in the copyright field and reflects on the resulting implications for the present and future of EU copyright.      

  • 92.
    Rosati, Eleonora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Copyright as an obstacle or an enabler? A European perspective on text and data mining and its role in the development of AI creativity*2019In: Asia Pacific Law Review, ISSN 1019-2557, E-ISSN 1875-8444, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 198-217Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Text and data mining (TDM) may be performed in a variety of fields and for different purposes. Among other things, TDM techniques may be used to ‘train’ Artificial Intelligence (AI), also for the purpose of AI-driven creativity. In this context, copyright restrictions might be in place, even if copies made of pre-existing content are only used internally and are instrument to the creation of something ‘new’. Recently, in the context of the Directive 2019/790 on copyright in the Digital Single Market, the EU legislature introduced two new mandatory exceptions for TDM.

    This contribution discusses the interplay between TDM and AI creativity by focusing, first, on the potential and technicalities of TDM and the interplay with legal restrictions. Second, it reviews the copyright-related issues facing TDM and the debate underlying the adoption of this new piece of EU legislation. Third, it reflects on the future of AI creativity in Europe.

    This article concludes that, even despite the adoption of two new mandatory TDM exceptions in the DSM Directive which are now to be transposed by individual EU Member States, copyright restrictions might continue affecting and restricting significantly the possibility of undertaking TDM activities in Europe.

  • 93.
    Rosati, Eleonora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Copyright in the Cloud2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 94.
    Rosati, Eleonora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Copyright in the digital single market: article-by-article commentary to the provisions of directive 2019/7902021Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2019, the EU legislature adopted Directive 2019/790 on copyright in the Digital Single Market. The Directive is supported by a multi-faceted rationale and represents one of the most significant and ambitious EU harmonization efforts in the copyright field so far.

    This book provides an article-by-article commentary to all the provisions of the Directive. It is the first and – so far – only book entirely devoted to Directive 2019/790.

    By analyzing the history, objectives, and content of each and every provision, as well as the relationship between some of those provisions and between the Directive and the pre-existing acquis, this book provides a rational, consistent and detailed explanation of the Directive as a whole and of its individual contents. It is a travel companion to all those who wish or need to navigate the legislative provisions that were adopted in 2019 to make EU copyright fit for the “digital single market”.

  • 95.
    Rosati, Eleonora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Does the duration of the storage matter?: Live streaming providers as "online content sharing service providers" under Directive 2019/7902020In: European intellectual property review, ISSN 0142-0461, Vol. 42, no 10, p. 652-655Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Directive 2019/790 provides an articulated regime for "online content sharing service providers" (OCSSPs), defined as providers that—as their main or one of their main purposes—store and give the public access to a large amount of protected subject-matter uploaded by users, which they organise and promote for profit-making purposes. By focusing on the particular case of live streaming platforms, which cache user-uploaded streams only insofar as is necessary to enable transcoding and streaming to end-users and do not preserve the stream for later access, this contribution explains why the duration of the storage at hand is irrelevant under the directive and why, as a result, such providers qualify in principle as OCSSPs and are subjected to treatment envisaged in art.17 therein.

  • 96.
    Rosati, Eleonora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Duct-taped bananas and copyright absurdity2023In: Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice, ISSN 1747-1532, E-ISSN 1747-1540Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 97.
    Rosati, Eleonora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    E-books and mass digitisation projects: the role of licensing2020In: Research Handbook on Intellectual Property and Digital Technologies / [ed] Tanya Aplin, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2020Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Licensing of content in digital format has been subject to, on the one hand, attempts of policy intervention and, on the one hand, judicial developments. While the former have translated to initiatives with, arguably, a modest breadth, the latter have contributed to shaping the scope of control over content in digital format and clarifying the prerogatives of authors in this context. This chapter reviews relevant developments at the EU level, discusses issues of consent and control, and maps the various forces that have been concurring to the evolution and – possibly – transformation of these concepts in the digital sphere.

  • 98.
    Rosati, Eleonora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Economic rights conferred by copyright2024In: EU Law Encyclopaedia / [ed] A Biondi and O Stefan, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2024Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 99.
    Rosati, Eleonora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    Five considerations for the transposition and application of Article 17 of the DSM DirectiveIn: Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice, ISSN 1747-1532, E-ISSN 1747-1540Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Directive 2019/790 on copyright in the Digital Single Market was adopted in 2019. Member States have until 7 June 2021 to transpose its provisions into their own national laws. Of the various provisions which are part of the directive, Article 17 has been and remains one of the most intensively and intensely discussed ones.

    This brief commentary takes position in respect of five key points concerning the transposition and application of Article 17: (1) the nature of its right of communication to the public; (2) the possibility for Member States to envisage de minimis exclusions; (3) the nature of exceptions or limitations in paragraph 7; (4) ex ante blocking of content and the role of the complaint and redress mechanism in paragraph 9; and (5) the position of users whose content has been unduly blocked.

    It maintains that: (1) the right of communication to the public in Article 17 is the same right as found in the rest of the acquis; (2) Member States cannot introduce statutory de minimis exclusions; (3) the exceptions and limitations under Article 17(7) have mandatory character, require adopting a minimalistic transposition method, and should interpreted uniformly across the EU; (4) ex ante blocking is allowed and the complaint and redress mechanism serves inter alia to reinstate unduly blocked content; and (5) users are entitled to invoke protection under available exceptions and limitations, although those cannot be characterized as user rights.  

     

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  • 100.
    Rosati, Eleonora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute of Intellectual Property Law and Marketing Law.
    From the early days of harmonization to the DSM Directive 2019/790: continuity and complexity of the EU copyright framework2021In: Auteurs & Media, ISSN 9782807931787, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
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