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  • 51.
    Ye, Weihua
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Lind, Jesper
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Jonny
    Mäler, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Characterization of the Morphology of Fast-Tumbling Bicelles with Varying Composition2014In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 30, no 19, p. 5488-5496Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Small, fast-tumbling bicelles are frequently used in solution NMR studies of protein lipid interactions. For this purpose it is critical to have information about the organization of the lipids within the bicelle structure. We have studied the morphology of small, fast-tumbling bicelles containing DMPC and DHPC as a function of temperature, lipid concentration, and the relative ratio (q value) of lipid (DMPC) to detergent (DHPC) amounts. Dynamic light scattering and cryo-transmission electron microscopy techniques were used to measure the size of the bicelles and to monitor the shape and dispersity of the particles in the samples. The stability and size of DMPC-containing bicelle mixtures were found to be highly dependent on temperature and the total lipid concentration for mixtures with q = 1 and q = 1.5. Stable DMPC/DHPC bicelles are only formed at low q values (0.5). Bicelle mixtures with q > 0.5 appear to be multidisperse containing more than one component, one with r(H) around 2.5 nm and one with r(H) of 6-8 nm. This is interpreted as a coexistence of small (possibly mixed micelles) bicelles and much larger bicelles. Incubating the sample at 37 degrees C increases the phase separation. Moreover, low total amphiphile concentrations and low q values lead to the formation of a temperature-independent morphology, interpreted as the formation of small particles in which the DHPC and DMPC are more mixed. On the basis of these results, we propose the existence of a critical bicelle concentration, a parameter that determines the existence of bilayered bicelles, which varies with q value. This polymorphism was not observed at any concentrations for q = 0.5 bicelles, for which a small but detectable temperature dependence was observed at high concentrations. The results demonstrate that q = 0.5 mixtures predominantly form classical bicelles, but that caution is needed when using fast-tumbling mixtures with q values higher than 0.5.

  • 52.
    Ye, Weihua
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Spånning, Erika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Glaser, Elzbieta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Mäler, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Interaction of the dual targeting peptide of Thr-tRNA synthetase with the chloroplastic receptor Toc34 in Arabidopsis thaliana2015In: FEBS Open Bio, E-ISSN 2211-5463, Vol. 5, p. 405-412Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organellar proteins synthesized in the cytosol are usually selective for only one destination in a cell but some proteins are localized in more than one compartment, for example in both mitochondria and chloroplasts. The mechanism of dual targeting of proteins to mitochondria and chloroplasts is yet poorly understood. Previously, we observed that the dual targeting peptide of threonyl-tRNA synthetase in Arabidopsis thaliana (AtThrRS-dTP) interacts with the mitochondrial receptor AtTom20 mainly through its N-terminal part. Here we report on the interaction of AtThrRS-dTP with the chloroplastic receptor AtToc34, presenting for the first time the mode of interactions of a dual targeting peptide with both Tom20 and Toc34. By NMR spectroscopy we investigated changes in (15)(N) HSQC spectra of AtThrRS-dTP as a function of AtToc34 concentration. Line broadening shows that the interaction with AtToc34 involves residues along the entire sequence, which is not the case for AtTom20. The N-terminal phi chi chi phi phi motif, which plays an important role in AtTom20 recognition, shows no specificity for AtToc34. These results are supported by import competition studies into both mitochondria and chloroplasts, in which the effect of peptides corresponding to different segments of AtThrRS-dTP on in vitro import of organelle specific proteins was examined. This demonstrates that the N-terminal A2-Y29 segment of AtThrRS-dTP is essential for import into both organelles, while the C-terminal L30-P60 part is important for chloroplastic import efficiency. In conclusion, we have demonstrated that the recognition of the dual targeting peptide of AtThr-tRNA synthetase is different for the mitochondrial and chloroplastic receptors. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of the Federation of European Biochemical Societies. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.

  • 53.
    Ye, Weihua
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Spånning, Erika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Unnerståle, Sofia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Gotthold, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Glaser, Elzbieta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Mäler, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    NMR investigations of the dual targeting peptide of Thr-tRNA synthetase and its interaction with the mitochondrial Tom20 receptor in Arabidopsis thaliana2012In: The FEBS Journal, ISSN 1742-464X, E-ISSN 1742-4658, Vol. 279, no 19, p. 3738-3748Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most mitochondrial proteins are synthesized in the cytosol as precursor proteins containing an N-terminal targeting peptide and are imported into mitochondria through the import machineries, the translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane (TOM) and the translocase of the inner mitochondrial membrane (TIM). The N-terminal targeting peptide of precursor proteins destined for the mitochondrial matrix is recognized by the Tom20 receptor and plays an important role in the import process. Protein import is usually organelle specific, but several plant proteins are dually targeted into mitochondria and chloroplasts using an ambiguous dual targeting peptide. We present NMR studies of the dual targeting peptide of Thr-tRNA synthetase and its interaction with Tom20 in Arabidopsis thaliana. Our findings show that the targeting peptide is mostly unstructured in buffer, with a propensity to form a-helical structure in one region, S6F27, and a very weak beta-strand propensity for Q34Q38. The a-helical structured region has an amphiphilic character and a f??ff motif, both of which have previously been shown to be important for mitochondrial import. Using NMR we have mapped out two regions in the peptide that are important for Tom20 recognition: one of them, F9V28, overlaps with the amphiphilic region, and the other comprises residues L30Q39. Our results show that the targeting peptide may interact with Tom20 in several ways. Furthermore, our results indicate a weak, dynamic interaction. The results provide for the first time molecular details on the interaction of the Tom20 receptor with a dual targeting peptide. Database The backbone chemical shift assignments for ThrRS-dTP(260) have been deposited with the Biological Magnetic Resonance Bank (BMRB) under the accession code 18248 Structured digital abstract ThrRS-dTP and Tom20-4 bind by nuclear magnetic resonance (View interaction)

  • 54.
    Zhou, Shu
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Pettersson, Pontus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Björck, Markus L.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Dawitz, Hannah
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Brzezinski, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Mäler, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Ädelroth, Pia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    NMR structural analysis of yeast Cox13 reveals its C-terminus in interaction with ATPManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The organization of mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes into supercomplexes is vital to cellular activities. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Cox13 is a conserved peripheral subunit of complex IV (cytochrome c oxidase, CytcO) involved in the assembly of monomeric complex IV into supercomplexes. Here we report the solution NMR structure of a Cox13 dimer in detergent micelles. Each Cox13 monomer has three short flexible helices (SH), corresponding to the disordered regions in its homologous X-ray structure, and the dimer formation is mainly induced by the hydrophobic interaction between the sole transmembrane (TM) helix of each monomer. Furthermore, analysis of chemical shift changes upon addition of ATP reveal positions that are able to bind ATP at the conserved sites of the C-terminus with considerable conformational flexibility. From functional analysis of purified CytcO, we conclude that this ATP interaction is inhibitory of catalytic activity. Our results show the structure of an important subunit of yeast CytcO and provide structure-based insight into its ATP interaction.

  • 55.
    Zhou, Shu
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Pettersson, Pontus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Brzezinski, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Mäler, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Ädelroth, Pia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    NMR structure and dynamics studies of yeast respiratory supercomplex factor 2 in micellesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 56.
    Zhou, Shu
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Pettersson, Pontus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Brzezinski, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Ädelroth, Pia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Mäler, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    NMR Study of Rcf2 Reveals an Unusual Dimeric Topology in Detergent Micelles2018In: ChemBioChem (Print), ISSN 1439-4227, E-ISSN 1439-7633, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 444-447Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Saccharomyces cerevisiae mitochondrial respiratory supercomplex factor2 (Rcf2) plays a role in assembly of supercomplexes composed of cytochromebc(1) (complexIII) and cytochromec oxidase (complexIV). We expressed the Rcf2 protein in Escherichia coli, refolded it, and reconstituted it into dodecylphosphocholine (DPC) micelles. The structural properties of Rcf2 were studied by solution NMR, and near complete backbone assignment of Rcf2 was achieved. The secondary structure of Rcf2 contains seven helices, of which five are putative transmembrane (TM) helices, including, unexpectedly, a region formed by a charged 20-residue helix at the Cterminus. Further studies demonstrated that Rcf2 forms a dimer, and the charged TM helix is involved in this dimer formation. Our results provide a basis for understanding the role of this assembly/regulatory factor in supercomplex formation and function.

  • 57.
    Zhou, Shu
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Pettersson, Pontus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Huang, Jingjing
    Sjöholm, Johannes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Sjöstrand, Dan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Pomes, Regis
    Högbom, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Brzezinski, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Mäler, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Ädelroth, Pia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Solution NMR structure of yeast Rcf1, a protein involved in respiratory supercomplex formation2018In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 115, no 12, p. 3048-3053Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Saccharomyces cerevisiae respiratory supercomplex factor 1 (Rcf1) protein is located in the mitochondrial inner membrane where it is involved in formation of supercomplexes composed of respiratory complexes III and IV. We report the solution structure of Rcf1, which forms a dimer in dodecylphosphocholine (DPC) micelles, where each monomer consists of a bundle of five transmembrane (TM) helices and a short flexible soluble helix (SH). Three TM helices are unusually charged and provide the dimerization interface consisting of 10 putative salt bridges, defining a charge zipper motif. The dimer structure is supported by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations in DPC, although the simulations show a more dynamic dimer interface than the NMR data. Furthermore, CD and NMR data indicate that Rcf1 undergoes a structural change when reconstituted in liposomes, which is supported by MD data, suggesting that the dimer structure is unstable in a planar membrane environment. Collectively, these data indicate a dynamic monomer-dimer equilibrium. Furthermore, the Rcf1 dimer interacts with cytochrome c, suggesting a role as an electron-transfer bridge between complexes III and IV. The Rcf1 structure will help in understanding its functional roles at a molecular level.

12 51 - 57 of 57
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