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  • 51.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    School of Business, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Johansson, Anders W.
    School of Business, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Dahlin, Maria
    School of Business, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Walking a tightrope between artistry and entrepreneurship: the stories of Hotel Woodpecker, Otter Inn and Luna Resort2007Inngår i: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, ISSN 1750-6204, E-ISSN 1750-6212, Vol. 1, nr 3, s. 268-284Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to challenge a traditional image of the content of entrepreneurship, which is associated with creativity, identity and discovery recognition.

    Design/methodology/approach – A narrative approach is used in telling the story about the artist/entrepreneur Mikael Genberg. The story is based on interviews, newspaper material and observations. Taking this story as the point of departure, an alternative image of entrepreneurship is suggested.

    Findings – First, from a traditional Schumpeterian perspective Genberg could be portrayed as a good example of a hero entrepreneur, an archetype of the creative artist/entrepreneur. Instead Genberg in this paper is described in terms of a creative imitator. Second, the Schumpeterian “hero entrepreneur” is associated with a fixed and strong identity. This picture is challenged and replaced by a demonstration of how double or multiple identities are used in legitimizing work which is argued to be more illustrative to the content of entrepreneurship than finding the true identity of the hero entrepreneur. Third, discovery recognition from a traditional perspective is attributed to the individual, while in this case opportunity creation signifies the process of making discoveries collectively shared.

    Research limitations/implications – This study is exploratory and based on a single case, while the results cannot be taken as generalizations. Instead an alternative understanding of the content of entrepreneurship is illustrated.

    Originality/value – The value of this study is the demonstration of an alternative image of the content of entrepreneurship.

  • 52.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Lindberg, Jessica
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Skoglund, Annika
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Transformation from entrepreneurship to entrepreneurships: creating alternatives?2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper our ambition is to provide with theoretical and empirical inspiration for studying contemporary constitutions of entrepreneurship. In specific, we seek to highlight how the transformation from entrepreneurship into forms of entrepreneurships has unfolded on various arenas. This means tracing the interplay between criticism of (traditional) entrepreneurship and the outbreak and dissemination of alternative entrepreneurships. In specific, we focus on the positive connotations that come with the alternative forms, a goodness that lures behind each and every corner, to see what it shapes as well as what shape entrepreneurship takes. Even if entrepreneurship research does pay some interest to the changing conditions for entrepreneurship, it seldom links these to changes in conditions for people, organizations and societies.

  • 53.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Lindgren, Monica
    Packedorff, Johann
    Consumption of entrepreneurs, consumption of entrepreneurship: Bloggers, influencers and socialites in a post-feminist society.2018Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 54.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Lindgren, Monica
    Packedorff, Johann
    Otherness in discourse, otherness in practice: Gendered notions of entrepreneurship in Swedish school education2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 55.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Lindgren, Monica
    Packendorff, Johann
    Responsibilising the next generation: Fostering the enterprising self through de-mobilising gender2017Inngår i: Organization, ISSN 1350-5084, E-ISSN 1461-7323, Vol. 24, nr 6, s. 892-915Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, our interest is in what subjectivities are fostered among schoolchildren through the recent introduction of entrepreneurship initiatives in primary and secondary school. The educational terrain is but one example where entrepreneurship has been discursively transformed during recent decades from the notion of starting businesses into a general approach to life itself in the advancement of neoliberal societies. The inherently elitist and excluding position of the entrepreneurial subject is now offered to all and sundry. While entrepreneurship pedagogy is explicitly intended to be gender neutral and inclusive of all such identities traditionally suppressed in the entrepreneurship discourse, we ask what kind of enterprising selves are mobilised and de-mobilised here. Second, in what way are these seemingly gender-neutral' enterprising selves gendered? Our analysis of three recent and dominating entrepreneurial initiatives in the Swedish school system emphasises the need for activation, performativity and responsibility. The analysis also shows that gender is indeed silenced in these initiatives but is at the same time productive through being subtly present in the promotion of a neo-masculine', active, technology-oriented and responsible subject. Entrepreneurship is presented as being equally available for all and something everyone should aspire to, yet the initiatives still sustain the suppression and marginalisation of women and femininities. The initiatives specifically promote a responsible and adaptive masculine subject position while notions of rebellious entrepreneurship and non-entrepreneurial domestic positions are mobilised out of the picture.

  • 56.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Lindgren, Monica
    Packendorff, Johann
    The Worthy Human Being as Prosuming Subject: 'Projectified Selves' in Emancipatory Project Studies2020Inngår i: Project Management Journal, ISSN 8756-9728, E-ISSN 1938-9507, Vol. 51, nr 4, s. 367-377Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The projectified selfis suggested in this article as a way to advance emancipatory project studies toward improved understandings of how individuals in contemporary neoliberal societies are urged to become self-controlling, self-improving, self-commercializing, life-compartmentalizing, and deadline driven. We propose (1) a developed theoretical foundation for studies of the projectified self, based on recent writings onenterprising selves, and (2) the notion ofprosumptionas a concept for how the worthiness of this projectified self is constructed in a simultaneous process of project-based production and consumption. This is discussed in relation to the on-going studies of social media entrepreneurs.

  • 57.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Will the recognition of women entrepreneurs advance gender equality? Theorising the gendering of the enterprising self2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 58.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Redmalm, David
    Skoglund, Annika
    Sensitizing entrepreneurship: The shaping of a FemInc.ist entrepreneurship of care2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 59.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    Holding on the anomaly of social entrepreneurship: dilemmas in starting up and running a fair-trade enterprise2013Inngår i: Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1942-0676, E-ISSN 1942-0684, Vol. 4, nr 3, s. 237-255Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The different shapes taken on by social entrepreneurship in contemporary society show that social goals are integrated by commercial enterprises and commercial goals are incorporated by organisations with a social mission. Combining a social mission with commercial goals is often presented as a ‘win-win’ situation. In this article, we highlight the potential tensions and conflicts created by the conflicting demands and expectations when the institutional non-profit and for-profit logics meet in social entrepreneuring. From this viewpoint, social entrepreneurship is an anomaly, which seems difficult to resolve. Despite this, we often read descriptions of social entrepreneurs as heroes, which show how social entrepreneurship is glorified and part of the marketisation of society. This article sets out to present a more complex and problematic picture of practising social entrepreneurship where the obvious ‘win-win’ situations more often appear as ‘win-lose’ and sometimes even as ‘lose-lose’. From a three-year ethnographic study of an emerging fair-trade enterprise, the concept of disharmony shows that dilemmas are part of everyday life in social entrepreneuring. Instead of posing insoluble conflicts, dilemmas light the way for the individual social entrepreneur. They are managed through temporary rationalisation; finding a way to integrate conflicting demands into the life of a social entrepreneur. Disharmony includes moments of identity struggle, but is also a learning process in which the social entrepreneur tries to understand the difference between what she does and what she actually achieves.

  • 60.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Skoglund, Annika
    Entrepreneurship and the Enterprising Self: Creating alternatives through entrepreneurship education?2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 61.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Tillmar, Malin
    To play or not to play: that is the question: entrepreneuring as gendered play2015Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 31, nr 2, s. 206-218Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    How can play be used to unravel the discourse of the gendered hero entrepreneur and instead describe mundane entrepreneuring? Further, how can the doing of gendered social orders be problematized when entrepreneuring is equated with play? In this article we answer these questions by engaging with the French social theorist Caillois’ (1961) conceptualization of play as being at the heart of all higher culture. Two ethnographic cases act as our vehicle in analysing play as entrepreneuring. From a rich description of these cases we find that it is not a question of playing or not playing, but about how to play. All four forms of play described by Caillois are present, which illustrates the variation of entrepreneuring and the richness of activities conducted in the ‘doing of entrepreneurship’. Further, both ways of playing discussed by Caillois are found. Whilst these two ways are interrelated on a continuum in the theory of play, they have been separated in entrepreneurship discourse, where they underpin the tendency to differentiate between the hero entrepreneur and ordinary people. Finally, we engage in a more interpretive and reflective discussion on entrepreneuring as performative acts through which social orders can be not only reproduced but also transformed.

  • 62.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Verduijn, Karen
    Introduction: challenges for entrepreneurship education2018Inngår i: Revitalizing entrepreneurship education: Adopting a critical approach in the classroom / [ed] Berglund Karin; Verduijn Karen, Oxon: Routledge, 2018, s. 3-24Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 63.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Verduijn, Karen
    Revitalizing entrepreneurship education: Adopting a critical approach in the classroom2018Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This edited book, Revitalizing Entrepreneurship Education, aims to provide a compilation of how insights from Social Sciences more generally have, via Critical Entrepreneurship Studies(CES), entered our classrooms. There is nowadays a range of approaches in the academic landscape in which entrepreneurship is dressed up in new ‘outfits’. With these ‘alternative’ entrepreneurships follows the construction of a moral entrepreneurship/entrepreneur, that is to be brought more in line to (understandings of) societal developments. Bringing this awareness into the classroom calls for the revitalization of some of EE’s extant approaches. It calls for developing new, fresh and challenging approaches.The authors in this volume work with issues such as reflexivity, gender, the entrepreneurial self, responsibility, awareness, creativity and vulnerability to move both themselves and students. The individual chapters in the book offer inspirational examples of adopting other pedagogical approaches, and of how they (continuously) revitalize their educational endeavours. We hope the contributions in this book will reach Entrepreneurship Educators all around the world and that they can help to ignite a spark, and to bring something new to their interactions with students; the decision-makers of all our futures.  

  • 64.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Verduijn, Karen
    What Critical Entrepreneurship Education Can Learn From Critical Management Education2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 65.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Wettermark, Anna
    Crusaders of market hope: Disconnecting the other from her own experiences2018Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 66.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Wettermark, Anna
    Entreprenörskap i högre utbildning: En nyliberal trojansk häst eller en möjlighet till radikal omprövning?2018Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 67.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Wigren, Caroline
    Ethnographic approaches to entrepreneurship and small business research: What lessons can we learn?2014Inngår i: Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Small Business and Entrepreneurship / [ed] Alan L. Carsrud, Malin Brännback, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014, s. 201-227Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Professor Paul Reynolds said in a speech that entrepreneurs quickly learn how to tell the polished stories about their journeys when they are asked by researchers and journalists about what they have done and achieved. The notion of polished stories is also recognized byWilliam Gartner (2007) in a special issue on narrative, reflecting upon the fact that he can name dozens of entrepreneurs, and he has several logico-scientific descriptions, explanations, categories, concepts and hypotheses about entrepreneurs, but he cannot say much about their stories. Consequently, it has been argued that the field of entrepreneurship studies needs new concepts if it is to take seriously the ambition to understand entrepreneurs, entrepreneurship and entrepreneuring (e.g. Hjorth et al., 2003; Johannisson, 2011; Steyaert, 2007; Gartner, 2007; Huse and Landström, 1997). In this chapter we will show how entrepreneurship and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) can be researched through the ethnographic method, focusing on understanding the social context of a certain phenomenon or person. Specifically, four ethnographic studies are introduced, which will be discussed as themes: context; the role of the researcher; the research process; and lessons learned.

  • 68.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Wigren-Kristoferson, Caroline
    A picture is worth a thousand words… but an artifact is worth a changed world2012Inngår i: Curiosity and Serendipity - a conference on qualitative methodsin the social sciences: Abstracts, 2012, s. 79-79Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 69.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Wigren-Kristoferson, Caroline
    Using artefacts to evoke stories in interview settings2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 70. Dodd, Sarah
    et al.
    Lage-Arias, Serxia
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Jack, Sarah
    Hytti, Ulla
    Verduijn, Karen
    Transforming enterprise education: sustainable pedagogies of hope and social justice2022Inngår i: Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, ISSN 0898-5626, E-ISSN 1464-5114, Vol. 34, nr 7-8, s. 686-700Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Building on Alistair Anderson's work, this paper proposes transforming enterprise education to deeply address questions of sustainability, social justice and hope in our time of multiple and complex crises. New pedagogies, practices, vocabularies and connections help us to enact crises in entrepreneurial, ethical and creative ways, enabling us to remain hopeful in the face of unknown horizons. Drawing from critical pedagogies, from Epistemologies of the South, and from the wisdoms of Alistair Anderson, the paper outlines how transforming to a more, hopeful, socially just and sustainable enterprise education could move us beyond present alternatives. We suggest that transforming enterprise education (TrEE) would better facilitate students as ethical change-makers when they engage with their worlds, and its unseen future horizons. TrEE emphasizes the time needed for questioning dominant meanings and space for experimenting with new ones. It invites re-placing us in the margins and with the excluded. It takes an expansive view of the ecosystem, and places enterprise within its wider context. It focuses students, teachers, entrepreneurs and various other stakeholders in learning together with the non-human and relies on sustainable stewardship, social justice and hope at the core of transforming enterprise education.

  • 71. Fayolle, Alain
    et al.
    Landström, Hans
    Gartner, Bill William
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    The institutionalization of entrepreneurship Entrepreneurship and Regional Development: Questioning the status quo and re-gaining hope for entrepreneurship research2016Inngår i: Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, ISSN 0898-5626, E-ISSN 1464-5114, Vol. 28, nr 7-8, s. 477-486Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we briefly identify three main challenges/issues that should be taken into consideration in the institutionalization of entrepreneurship research: (1) recognizing the complexity of the phenomenon under study; (2) producing interesting, relevant and useful research results for all stakeholders; and (3) developing a critical posture in research. Following the discussion of these challenges/issues we introduce the five contributions to the Special Issue that, in different ways, problematize and challenge mainstream research and approaches. These articles use ‘dissensus discourses’, apply critical, ideological and paradigmatic stances and in some cases underline the importance of contextual factors.

  • 72. Fayolle, Alain
    et al.
    Landström, HansGartner, William B.Berglund, KarinStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Institutionalization of entrepreneurship research2018Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 73. Hedeboe Frederiksen, Signe
    et al.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Identity work in entrepreneurship education: Activating, scripting and resisting the entrepreneurial self2020Inngår i: International Small Business Journal, ISSN 0266-2426, E-ISSN 1741-2870, Vol. 38, nr 4, s. 271-292Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurship education (EE) theory and practice show increasing interest in the concept of identity work as integral to entrepreneurial learning. EE offers various approaches to guiding students towards entrepreneurial identities, but critics note that these meet neoliberal manifestations of the entrepreneurial self, leaving little room for alternative identities to be cultivated in EE. Concerned with this critique, we aim to contribute to the EE literature through a detailed investigation of the identity work practices enacted in a case of EE, which explicitly seeks to facilitate the entrepreneurial identity construction of students. Through an in-depth analysis of teacher-student interactions, we identify three practices: setting new rules to activate the entrepreneurial self, playing by the rules by figuring the script and bending the rules protecting the self. Our analysis highlights the significance of resistance and notions of authenticity, which leads us to rethink the meaning and conditions of entrepreneurial identity work in EE.

  • 74. Johannisson, Bengt
    et al.
    Johansson, Anders W.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Rosell, Erik
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Stenberg, Rebecca
    Tillmar, Malin
    Organizing societal entrepreneurship: A cross-sector challenge2015Inngår i: Handbook of Entrepreneurship and Sustainable Development Research / [ed] Paula Kyrö, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, s. 130-154Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 75.
    Lindbergh, Jessica
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Alternative entrepreneurship: Tracing the creative destruction of entrepreneurship2022Inngår i: How Alternative is Alternative? The Role of Entrepreneurial Development, Form, and Function in the Emergence of Alternative Marketscapes / [ed] Matthew M. Mars; Hope Jensen Schau, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2022Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurship is by many recognized as a solution to environmental and social challenges of today’s society. However, it has also been criticized since it may maintain the capitalistic demands of growth and efficiency in an unsustainable way. In this paper we like to challenge the current conception of entrepreneurship that aim for societal change by tracing what, how, where and with whom such entrepreneurship is performed. Further, we take inspiration from the idea of diverse economy by Gibson-Graham and introduce the concept of alternative entrepreneurship to explore how it takes shape, change its contours and both challenges and propels contemporary capitalism. In this chapter we present three ethnographic cases unfolding diverse entrepreneurial activities: 1) the case of Oria, who contributes to social justice through fair trade; 2) the case of artisan food producers who contribute to biological diversity and a rural livelihood; and 3) the case of the DiE project//NEEM NGO, that contributes to social inclusion through entrepreneurial empowerment and the development of a micro credit program. We find that the alternative entrepreneurs are not constrained by organizational forms or by a limited number of economic and non-economic activities as to target societal challenges. The alternative entrepreneurs move between different organizational forms such as non-profit and for profit, as well as, undertaking business and voluntary practices to achieve societal change. Finally, we conclude that the ethnographic tracing of alternative entrepreneurship, allowing previously unsighted activities become visible, also creatively destroy the overly-narrow conception of entrepreneurship. 

  • 76. Pecis, Lara
    et al.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Hidden in the limelight: A feminist engagement with innovation studies2021Inngår i: Organization, ISSN 1350-5084, E-ISSN 1461-7323, Vol. 28, nr 6, s. 993-1017Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation is filled with aspirations for solutions to problems, and for laying the groundwork for new technological and social breakthroughs. When a concept is so positively charged, the hopes expressed may create blindness to potential shortcomings and deadlocks. To disclose innovation blind spots, we approach innovation from a feminist viewpoint. We see innovation as a context that changes historically, and as revolution, offering alternative imaginaries of the relationship between race, gender and innovation. Our theoretical framework combines bell hooks (capitalist patriarchy and intersectionality), Mazzucato (the entrepreneurial state and the changing context of innovation) and Fraser (redistributive justice) and contributes with an understanding of innovation from the margin by unveiling its political dimensions. Hidden Figures, the 2016 biographical drama that follows three Black women working at NASA during the space race, provides the empirical setting of the paper. Our analysis contributes to emerging intersectionality research in management and organisation studies (MOS) by revealing the subject positions and dynamics of inclusion/exclusion in innovation discourses, and by proposing a radical - and more inclusive - rethinking of innovation. With this article, we aim to push the margins to the centre and invite others to discover the terrain of the margin(alised). We suggest that our feminist framework is appropriate to study other organisational phenomena, over time and across contexts, to bring forward the plurality of women's experiences at work and in organisations.

  • 77. Pettersson, Katarina
    et al.
    Ahl, Helene
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Tillmar, Malin
    In the name of women? Feminist readings of policies for women’s entrepreneurship in Scandinavia2017Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 33, nr 1, s. 50-63Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Policy actors seeking to stimulate entrepreneurship sometimes give special attention to women. It is not given, however, that policy initiatives for women entrepreneurs necessarily contribute to gender equality, to social change for women – such as enhancing entrepreneurship as a means to women’s well- being and financial or other independence – or to gendered change of society. We claim that the outcomes depend on the premises behind the policies. We claim that such an outcome depends on the premises behind the policies. The purpose of this paper is to conduct an analysis of the feminist approaches that are taken in policies for women’s entrepreneurship in the Scandinavian countries. We analyse how these policies argue for women’s entrepreneurship, how they position women, and what assumptions they hold with respect to women and their businesses. We analyse and compare state-level polices that have been implemented by the national governments in three Scandinavian countries; Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, during the period 2005–2015. A comprehensive analytical tool, building on six different feminist theoretical approaches, is developed. We find that, even if a liberal feminist perspective is present, along with elements of other feminist approaches, polices give precedence to economic growth in a non-feminist fashion. Over time, economic growth becomes the key focus, while feminist approaches are silenced. We observe that, in the name of supporting women, the actual aim of policies for women entrepreneurs often seems to be economic growth, and women are seen merely as an untapped, and yet not fully adequate, resource. 

  • 78. Pettersson, Katarina
    et al.
    Ahl, Helene
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Paying lip service to gender inequality - EU rural development policy in Sweden2024Inngår i: Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, ISSN 0966-369X, E-ISSN 1360-0524Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    While research has pointed to the lack of gender mainstreaming in rural and agricultural policy, how rural policy determines what is seen as problems of gender inequality in the first place and how it constructs men and women in relation to rural development remains unexplored. In this article we perform an in-depth analysis of how rural policy constructs gender inequality problems and gendered subjects. We employ the 'What's the problem represented to be' approach to analyse the implementation of the European Union's Rural Development Policy in one Swedish region, Jonkoping County. We conclude that gender inequality is largely left unproblematic in relation to rural development, placing women in the subject position of being uninterested in rural development policy and lacking the ability to take it on. The focus on farmers and ICT broadband positions adult, Swedish-born men as the norm, reflecting a neoliberal emphasis on economic growth through competitive businesses. We also conclude that the policy twists 'gender mainstreaming' by claiming that it promotes gender equality, while it in fact takes no action. Paying lip service to gender equality rural policy thereby co-opts feminism, in line with a neoliberal 'postfeminist' discourse, which is harmful to the feminist project. Alternative approaches to gender inequalities suggest that there may be broader, and different, ways of discussing them in relation to rural development, making for a broader spectrum of problematisations and subject positions, which may, in turn, allow a transformation towards gender equality.

  • 79. Pettersson, Katarina
    et al.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    The question of quotas or qualitative measures: Tracing variations in Norwegian and Swedish policies for supporting women’s entrepreneurship2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 80. Redmalm, David
    et al.
    Skoglund, Annika
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    ”Yeah! We’re Open”: Transdimensional Openness in Alternative Entrepreneurship2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 81.
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Lindbergh, Jessica
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Alternative entrepreneurship: emergence of entrepreneurial forms aiming at a more resilient society2018Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurship nowadays take on new and alternative guises in society; often with the ambition to make the world more resilient in one way or another. We take an interest in this expansion of alternative entrepreneurshipand ask how we can trace the different alternative grassroots forms of entrepreneurship that are initiated for the betterment of society in the Swedish society. 

    In this paper we will draw upon three ethnographic cases that are alternative in the sense that a typical prefix is added to describe what they do (solidary, preservative, bridging) and that they seek to turn something (a mission, setting or activity) more entrepreneurial. Further we will develop descriptions of the three cases and engage in an analysis of alternative entrepreneurship by posing the following questions: 

    • What is alternative in these cases? 
    • How do these forms of entrepreneurship respond to shortcomings in conventional entrepreneurship? 
    • What kind of resilience can be discerned?
    • What alternative form does this take? 
    • How is resilience organized?
    • What is the common denominator for these cases?
  • 82. Segelod, Esbjörn
    et al.
    Berglund, KarinMälardalen University, Sweden.Bjurström, ErikDahlqvist, ErikHallén, LarsJohansson, Ulf
    Studies in industrial renewal: coping with changing contexts2011Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this book is to provide a picture of ongoing research at Mälardalen University in order to create a point of departure for future research on industrial renewal. Many aspects of industrial renewal are dealt with by the researchers who contributed to this book. Some of them focus on functional aspects such as distribution channels and management accounting and control. Others deal with broad perspectives such as strategies and entrepreneurship, and still others consider specific empirical fields such as the institutions of society, and the energy sector.

    Our exposition identifies a need for further research into classical problems such as how to best exploit new ideas in established firms, as well as how to infuse new approaches and attitudes into going concerns, the role of the characteristics of industrial networks, geographical distance, the labour market, and the institutions of society in such renewal processes, and the need for more in-depth process research in order to further develop theory and practice.

  • 83. Segercrantz, Beata
    et al.
    Sveiby, Karl-Erik
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    A discourse analysis of innovation in academic management literature2017Inngår i: Critical Studies of Innovation: Alternative Approaches to the Pro-Innovation Bias / [ed] Benoit Godin; Dominique Vinck, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017, s. 276-295Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter explores the academic management discourse of innovation in high impact articles. Innovation is approached as a discursive terrain where discourses compete to ascribe meanings to innovation. The study shows that innovation is mainly constructed as a positive concept in management literature and the chapter broadens the scope by analysing and problematizing the academic management discourse of innovation. More specifically, the analysis shows that management research of innovation is self-referential; it primarily focuses on benefits for the innovating organization by promoting accelerated innovation, effective self-preservation practices and a faith in the good result of innovation. What is constructed here is a potential self-reinforcing circle driving organizations to innovate faster and faster. The authors argue that research needs to acknowledge and explore what innovation leads to beyond the immediate economic interests of organizations. This would help scholars to identify blind spots, and to invite research which rejects the pro-innovation bias in order to extend research agendas to also include undesirable effects of innovation and possibilities to reduce them.

  • 84. Segercrantz, Beata
    et al.
    Sveiby, Karl-Erik
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Innovating the Jack of all Trades: a review of innovation in management research2014Inngår i: New data – old theories: the future of theorizing about innovation in complex adaptive systems, Venedig: European Centre for Living Technology , 2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 85.
    Skoglund, Annika
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Entrepreneurship and the entrepreneurial self: Creating
 alternatives through entrepreneurship education?2018Inngår i: Revitalizing entrepreneurship education: Adopting a critical approach in the classroom / [ed] Karin Berglund; Karen Verduijn, Oxon: Routledge, 2018, s. 158-177Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 86. Skoglund, Annika
    et al.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Redmalm, David
    Prezi’s cultivation of openness: A videography of ‘alternative entrepreneurship’2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 87. Skoglund, Annika
    et al.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Redmalm, David
    Prezi’s cultivation of openness: A videography of ‘alternative entrepreneurship’2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 88. Skoglund, Annika
    et al.
    Redmalm, David
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Videography - studying ethical uncertainty in alternative entrepreneurship2020Inngår i: Society and Business Review, ISSN 1746-5680, E-ISSN 1746-5699, Vol. 15, nr 4, s. 305-324Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to develop videographic methods for the study of alternative entrepreneurship, with a theoretical focus on “ethical uncertainties”, exemplified in this paper by the exploration of evolving actions and unpredictable outcomes in a specific case, the Hungarian company Prezi.

    Design/methodology/approach - By first situating Prezi’s alternative entrepreneurship in the turbulent Hungarian political context and situation for the Roma population, this study presents how the methodological foundations of organizational videography have affirmed aesthetic immersion, which is of particular use for the study of ethical uncertainty.

    Findings - Following a methodological exploration of the specific research design and ethnographic reflections on three ways in which ethical uncertainties arise, this study discusses the videographic possibilities to study something as elusive as ethical uncertainty and its link to alternative futures.

    Originality/value - The political context in Hungary poses many challenges for organizations that attempt to “do good” and create alternative futures. This paper explains how this political context permeates Prezi’s entrepreneurship and research thereof, by highlighting “ethical uncertainty”. The combined contribution (paper and videography) invites the reader to think differently about the authority of research, become a viewer and reflect on their own experiences of ethical uncertainty in alternative entrepreneurship.

  • 89. Sköld, Birgitta
    et al.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Ahl, Helene
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Kvinnors företagande i landsbygdskommuner med fokus på Småland och Öland: En kvantitativ kartläggning inom ramen för forskningsprojektet ”Kvinnors företagande för en levande landsbygd”2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    En livskraftig landsbygd med tillgång till arbetskraft, arbetstillfällen och välfärdsservice är en aktuell samhällsfråga. Företagandets omfattning på landsbygden är en aspekt som kan ha betydelse för landsbygdskommunernas sårbarhet. Syftet med rapporten är att utveckla kunskap om kvinnors entreprenörskap på landsbygden, som kan ligga till grund för att stimulera landsbygdsutveckling, jämställdhet och vidare forskning, exempelvis genom kvalitativa forskningsmetoder. Med hjälp av en databasstudie beskrivs och analyseras omfattningen och karaktären av kvinnors företagande på landsbygden. Till viss del studeras också likheter och skillnader i företagandet mellan kvinnor födda i Sverige och kvinnor födda utomlands, samt mellan kvinnor och män. Företagandet är mer omfattande bland de sysselsatta kvinnorna på landsbygden än bland de sysselsatta kvinnorna i tätorterna. Skillnaderna i omfattningen av kvinnors företagande är små mellan olika typer av landsbygdskommuner – de som är avlägset belägna, mycket avlägset belägna eller belägna nära en större stad. Resultaten indikerar snarare att det är kommunernas företagskaraktär eller tradition av företagande som avgör andelen företagare per sysselsatta. Kartläggningen pekar mot att arbetslöshet kan vara ett incitament för företagande – något starkare för de utlandsfödda kvinnorna än för kvinnorna födda i Sverige. Skogsförvaltning och blandat jordbruk är bland de vanligaste näringsgrenarna för både kvinnor och män på landsbygden. I övrigt är dock företagandet mycket könssegregerat med avseende på bransch. De tio vanligaste näringsgrenarna för kvinnor och män skiljer sig markant åt. Kvinnors företag är mest representerade i Hår- och kroppsvård, Restaurangverksamhet, Redovisning och bok-föring, Konsultverksamhet avseende företags organisation, Fysioterapeutisk verksamhet samt Litterärt och konstnärligt skapande. Mäns vanligaste näringsgrenar är mer relaterade till lands-bygdens kontext av mark- och naturresurser. Kvinnors företag är små, 76 procent är soloföretag och lönsamheten varierar stort. De näringsgrenar där kvinnors företag redovisar högst lön-samhet är i de numerärt mansdominerade näringsgrenarna inom tillverkningsindustrin. Resultaten indikerar därmed könssegregering och hierarki med avseende på arbets- och resursfördelning. Kvinnor på landsbygden är mer benägna att vara företagare än anställda om de är gifta, har hemmavarande barn eller en utbildningsnivå lägre än den eftergymnasiala. Det kan tolkas som att företagandet är en lösning för att kombinera arbetsliv med ansvar för hem och barn. De företagande kvinnornas disponibla inkomster är i genomsnitt lägre än för kvinnor med anställning, för män som är företagare och för män med anställning. Att vara gift innebär för kvinnor en lägre disponibel inkomst, men för män en högre disponibel inkomst jämfört med att att inte vara gift. Resultaten visar dock att det inte är de individrelaterade faktorerna som mest bidrar till skillnader i disponibel inkomst, utan, näringsgren och antalet sysselsatta. Manligt könskodade näringsgrenar och stora företag ger högre inkomst. Den övergripande slutsatsen är att företagandet på landsbygden är traditionellt könssegregerat och hierarkiserat, i fråga om resursfördelning.

  • 90. Sundin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    Andersson, Susanne
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    Att stimulera och stödja innovationsprocesser: Politikens och praktikens blinda fläckar2016Inngår i: Sveriges entreprenöriella ekosystem : företag, akademi, politik / [ed] Maureen McKelvey, Olof Zaring, Stockholm: Esbri , 2016, s. 254-267Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 91. Tillmar, Malin
    et al.
    Ahl, Helene
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Neo-liberalism translated into preconditions for women entrepreneurs - two contrasting cases2022Inngår i: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, ISSN 1750-6204, E-ISSN 1750-6212, Vol. 16, nr 4, s. 603-630Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - Contrasting two countries with different gender regimes and welfare states, Sweden and Tanzania, this paper aims to analyse how the institutional context affects the ways in which a neo-liberal reform agenda is translated into institutional changes and propose how such changes impact the preconditions for women's entrepreneurship.

    Design/methodology/approach - This study uses document analysis and previous studies to describe and analyse the institutions and the institutional changes. This paper uses Scandinavian institutional theory as the interpretative framework. Findings This study proposes that: in well-developed welfare states with a high level of gender equality, consequences of neo-liberal agenda for the preconditions for women entrepreneurs are more likely to be negative than positive. In less developed states with a low level of gender equality, the gendered consequences of neo-liberal reforms may be mixed and the preconditions for women's entrepreneurship more positive than negative. How neo-liberalism impacts preconditions for women entrepreneurs depend on the institutional framework in terms of a trustworthy women-friendly state and level of gender equality. Research limitations/implications The study calls for bringing the effects on the gender of the neo-liberal primacy of market solutions out of the black box. Studying how women entrepreneurs perceive these effects necessitates qualitative ethnographic data.

    Originality/value - This paper demonstrates why any discussion of the impact of political or economic reforms on women's entrepreneurship must take a country's specific institutional context into account. Further, previous studies on neo-liberalism have rarely taken an interest in Africa.

  • 92. Tillmar, Malin
    et al.
    Ahl, Helene
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Pettersson, Katarina
    The gendered effects of entrepreneurialism in contrasting contexts2022Inngår i: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, ISSN 1750-6204, E-ISSN 1750-6212, Vol. 16, nr 5, s. 808-828Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - Contrasting Sweden and Tanzania, this paper aims to explore the experiences of women entrepreneurs affected by entrepreneurialism. This study discusses the impact on their position in society and on their ability to take feminist action.

    Design/methodology/approach - This paper analysed interviews conducted in the two countries over 15 years, using a holistic perspective on context, including its gendered dimensions.

    Findings - The results amount to a critique of entrepreneurialism. Women in Sweden did not experience much gain from entrepreneurship, while in Tanzania results were mixed. Entrepreneurialism seems unable to improve the situation for women in the relatively well-functioning economies in the global north, where it was designed.

    Research limitations/implications - In mainstream entrepreneurship studies, there is a focus on the institutional context. From the analysis, it is apparent that equal attention must be given to the social and spatial contexts, as they may have severe material and economic consequences for entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship. The paper raises questions for further studies on the gendering of markets in different contexts, as well as questions on the urban-rural dimension.

    Practical implications - In Sweden, marketisation of welfare services led to more women-owned businesses, but the position of women did not improve. The results strongly convey the need for a careful analysis of the pre-existing context, before initiating reforms.

    Originality/value - The paper adds to the understanding of context in entrepreneurship studies: Africa is largely an underexplored continent and contrasting North and South is an underexplored methodological approach. This paper further extends and develops the model of gendered contexts developed by Welter et al. (2014).

  • 93. Tillmar, Malin
    et al.
    Sköld, Birgitta
    Ahl, Helene
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Women's rural businesses: for economic viability or gender equality? - a database study from the Swedish context2022Inngår i: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 323-351Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to explore and discuss to what extent and why women's entrepreneurship contributes to rural economic viability and gender equality in an advanced welfare state.

    Design/methodology/approach - The authors use detailed register data to explore men's and women's rural businesses in the most common industries for rural women entrepreneurs in the Swedish welfare state. Based on a literature review, the authors develop hypotheses and analyse how family, business and industry factors influence earnings.

    Findings - Women's rural entrepreneurship is important for rural viability, as women's businesses provide a wide range of services necessary for life in rural areas. Although women's rural businesses are not significantly smaller than those of men, women's income is lower and more sensitive to business and industry variables. Marriage has positive effects for the earnings of men but negative effects for the earnings of women. The authors argue that the results are contingent on the gendering of entrepreneurship and industries, as well as on the local rural gender contracts. For these reasons, the importance of women entrepreneurs for rural viability is not reflected in their own incomes. Hence, women's rural entrepreneurship does not result in (economic) gender equality.

    Originality/value - Entrepreneurship scholars rarely explore women's rural entrepreneurship, and particularly not in the Global North or Western welfare states. Therefore, this empirical study from Sweden provides novel information on how the gender order on the business, industry and family levels influences the income of men and women entrepreneurs differently.

  • 94.
    Wettermark, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Mutuality between selves and others in social entrepreneurship: Not a mission impossible?2022Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 38, nr 3, artikkel-id 101219Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The social entrepreneurship (SE) discourse habitually casts social entrepreneurs as heroic, creating economic and social value, whereas those whom they strive to assist are portrayed as disadvantaged and in need of interventions. This implies an implicit differentiation between knowing, agentic entrepreneurs and less-knowing, more passive beneficiaries. In this article, we seek to unfold the subtle ordering of relations in SE and problematize power-related aspects and ideological influences that potentially overshadow dimensions of mutuality and relationality inherent to SE. From an examination of two cases, we hypothesize that differentiations between knowing selves and learning others tend to disintegrate when entrepreneurs and beneficiaries enter into closer interaction. Adopting a postcolonial framework, we identify three forms of relations in SE: transactional, ambiguous/interactional and transcending.

  • 95. Wettermark, Anna
    et al.
    Kårfors, André
    Lif, Oskar
    Wickström, Alice
    Wiessner, Sofie
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation.
    On vulnerability in critical entrepreneurship education2018Inngår i: Revitalizing entrepreneurship education: Adopting a critical approach in the classroom. / [ed] Karin Berglund; Karen Verduijn, New York: Routledge, 2018, s. 211-227Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Every time we go in to teach we take a deep breath before entering the classroom and remind ourselves that one or two students in there are likely to know more about the subject than we do. This could be because of their previous experiences and knowledge, or because their gaze from the outside is sharper than ours. At times this exposure of our vulnerability is intimidating for us – we want to be “good”, knowledgeable teachers who make a real contribution. At other times we see outstanding students as a resource and a source of inspiration. Which interpretation comes more naturally depends, we think, on how secure we feel on the topic, but also on how the students function as a group – whether they are defensive and competitive, or curious and willing to share their learnings. In this chapter we will report on a course in which the latter state emerged, and we will suggest that it is precisely because of the presence of those outstanding students that we, as teachers, have the opportunity to learn and develop our courses. We will also suggest that a similar logic of seeing the encounter with others as an opportunity for development can, and should, be incorporated into the teaching of entrepreneurship – not least because entrepreneurship is often circumscribed as creative, curious and open-minded, as an activity to explore new paths or disclose “new worlds” (Spinosa et al., 1999).

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