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  • 51.
    Ramstedt, Mats
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    The drug problem in Sweden 1979-1997 according to official statistics2000Inngår i: Statistics on alcohol, drugs and crime in the Baltic Sea region / [ed] Håkan Leifman, Nina Edgren Henrichson, Helsinki: Nordic Council for Alcohol and Drug Research (NAD) , 2000, s. 228-243Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 52.
    Ramstedt, Mats
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    The repeal of medium strength beer in grocery stores in Sweden: the impact on alcohol-related hospitalisations in different age group2002Inngår i: The effects of Nordic alcohol policies: what happens to drinking and harm when alcohol controls change? / [ed] Robin Room, Helsingfors: Nordiska nämnden för alkohol- och drogforskning (NAD) , 2002, s. 117-131Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 53.
    Ramstedt, Mats
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Variations in alcohol-related mortality in the Nordic countries after 1995: continuity or change?2007Inngår i: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, Vol. 24, nr 7, s. 5-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 54.
    Ramstedt, Mats
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Will the EU and Russia grasp the opportunity to change alcohol policies?: Editorial in Alkoholfrågan2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 55.
    Ramstedt, Mats
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Är alkohol farligare i de nordiska länderna?: om alkoholrelaterade problem i efterkrigstidens Västeuropa2002Inngår i: Forskardagarna 2002: 44 humanister, naturvetare och samhällsvetare berättar om sin forskning - allt från alkoholkulturer till naturliga kärnreaktorer / [ed] Sofie Mauritzon, Stockholm: Stockholms universitet , 2002, s. 93-94Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 56.
    Ramstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Gustafsson, Nina-Katri
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Increasing traveller's allowances in Sweden - how did it affect travellers' imports and Systembolaget sales?2009Inngår i: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs (English Edition), ISSN 1455-0725, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 165-176Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The aim of this study is to illuminate: 1. If the increases in travellers´ allowances in 2002, 2003 and 2004 have been associated with increasing travellers’ imports in Sweden? 2. How the (conceivable) effect was distributed during the following year? 3. If there were regional and beverage-specific variations in these effects? 4. How the patterns of change correspond to changes in sales at Systembolaget?

    Data and Method

    Data were obtained from a monthly survey and aggregated into annual and quarterly estimates of beverage-specific amounts of imported alcohol per adult for southern, mid- and northern Sweden as well as for the whole of Sweden. In the analysis subsequent quarters are compared after each quota change with the same quarters the previous year as well as with corresponding changes in sales at Systembolaget.

    Results

    The increase of spirits allowances in 2002 was not followed by a significant increase in any travellers’ imports. The more substantial increases for all beverages in 2003 and particularly 2004 were followed by significant increases in the whole of Sweden and particularly in the Southern of Sweden. The quarterly changes, however, showed signs of a declining “charm of novelty” effect. Systembolaget sales only partly developed in the opposite direction of imports, suggesting that substitution did not always occur.

    Conclusions

    Travellers’ imports increase with more liberal allowances but the magnitude of the effect depended on several factors, e.g., the proportion of the change and region in terms of distance to the Danish and German borders. Other factors seem to be changes of alcohol taxes in neighbouring countries, domestic availability and travelling habits. The declining “charm of novelty” effect suggest that the longer term implications of repealing these quotas may be less significant than was expected in the earlier public discussions.

  • 57.
    Ramstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Hellman, Matilda
    Cross-border purchase in the Nordic countries2009Inngår i: Nordisk Alkohol- og narkotikatidsskrift (NAT), ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 111-115Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 58.
    Ramstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Hope, A.
    Summary of “Irish drinking habits of 2002 – Drinking and drinking-related harm in a European comparative perspective”2004Inngår i: Strategic Task Force on Alcohol: Second Report, Appendix 4, Dublin: Health Promotion Unit, Department of Health and Children , 2004, Vol. 21, nr English supplement, s. 50-55Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 59.
    Ramstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Hope, A.
    The Irish drinking culture: Drinking and drinking-related harm, a European comparison2003Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the Irish drinking habits and to what extent drinking is associated with experiences of adverse consequences in the year 2002. The analysis is based on a survey containing similar questions that was used in a recent European comparative survey involving Finland, Sweden, Germany, UK, France and Italy, known as the ECAS countries (Leifman,2002; Ramstedt, 2002). This provides a unique opportunity to examine the Irish results in a comparative framework. Furthermore, several aggregate level studies have revealed that a higher overall level of drinking in Ireland is associated with higher alcohol-related mortality,e.g., deaths from liver cirrhosis (Ramstedt, 2001), accidents (Skog, 2001) and homicide (Rossow, 2001). However, no previous study has examined to what extent higher alcohol consumption at the individual level affects the likelihood of suffering from adverse health, social and psychological consequences of drinking in Ireland.

  • 60.
    Ramstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Hope, A.
    The Irish drinking habits of 2002: Drinking and drinking-related harm in a European comparative perspective2005Inngår i: Journal of Substance Use, ISSN 1465-9891, E-ISSN 1475-9942, Vol. 10, nr 5, s. 273-283Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: To examine drinking habits and experiences of adverse consequences of drinking among men and women in Ireland 2002 and to compare some results with earlier European studies using similar data and methods.

  • 61.
    Ramstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Landberg, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Population drinking and alcohol-related mortality in Eastern Europe – a comparison with Western Europe2007Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 62.
    Ramstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Lindell, Annette
    Raninen, Jonas
    Tal om alkohol 2012: en statistisk årsrapport från Monitorprojektet2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Tal om alkohol 2012: en statistisk årsrapport från Monitorprojektet
  • 63.
    Ramstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap. Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN), Sweden; Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Raninen, Jonas
    Larm, Peter
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Are changes in parenting related to the decline in youth drinking? Evidence from a comparison of Sweden and Denmark2022Inngår i: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 39, nr 2, s. 124-133Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The aim of this study was to replicate earlier studies suggesting that changes in parenting have contributed to the recent decline in youth drinking by comparing parenting in a country experiencing a sharp decline in youth drinking (Sweden) with a country with only a small decline (Denmark). Data and analysis: Data stem from self-reported information from 15–16-year-old children in the Swedish and Danish subsamples of ESPAD. Youth drinking was measured by prevalence and frequency of drinking over the past year. Parenting was measured in terms of the extent the child reported that: (1) parents’ attitudes towards offspring drinking are restrictive, (2) parents set up general rules for what their children are allowed to do, and (3) parents have high level of knowledge about where and with whom their children spend time. The association between these indicators of parenting and youth drinking was first estimated with logistic regressions. Second, changes in parenting between 1999 and 2015 were compared between Denmark and Sweden across the study period. Results: Restrictive parental attitudes were associated with a lower likelihood of past-year drinking and frequent drinking in both Sweden and Denmark. This attitude was more common in Sweden, where it also became more prevalent between 2003 and 2015 in contrast to in Denmark. The association between strict parental rule-setting and youth drinking was weak in both countries. A high parental knowledge of the child's whereabouts was linked to a lower likelihood of past-year drinking in Sweden and a lower frequency of drinking in both countries. Parental knowledge of offspring's whereabouts did not develop differently in Sweden and Denmark, with a high and stable proportion in both countries. Conclusion: More restrictive parental attitudes towards youth drinking may have contributed to the decline in youth drinking, whereas the importance of general parental rule-setting and parental knowledge of offspring's whereabouts was not supported.

  • 64.
    Ramstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden; The Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs, Sweden.
    Raninen, Jonas
    Larm, Peter
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Livingston, Michael
    Children with problem drinking parents in Sweden: Prevalence and risk of adverse consequences in a national cohort born in 20012022Inngår i: Drug and Alcohol Review, ISSN 0959-5236, E-ISSN 1465-3362, Vol. 41, nr 3, s. 625-632Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. To estimate the prevalence of children with problem drinking parents in Sweden and the extent to which they have an elevated risk of poor health, social relationships and school situation in comparison with other children. Methods. Survey with a nationally representative sample of Swedish youth aged 15-16 years (n = 5576) was conducted in 2017. A short version of The Children of Alcoholics Screening Test (CAST-6) was used to identify children with problem drinking parents. Health status, social relations and school situation were measured by well-established measures. Overall prevalences for girls and boys were presented as well as relative risks (RR) of harm for children with problem drinking parents compared with other children. Results. A total of 13.1% of the sample had at least one problem drinking parent during adolescence according to CAST-6-a higher proportion of girls (15.4%) than boys (10.8%). This group had an elevated risk of poor general health as well psychosomatic problems compared with other children (RR 1.2-1.9). They were also more likely to use medication for depression, sleeping difficulties and anxiety (RR 2.2-2.6). Their social relations were also worse especially with their father (RR 3.1) and they had more problems at school (RR 2.6). Discussion and Conclusions. The risk of problems related to parental drinking goes beyond the most severe cases where parents have been in treatment for their alcohol problem. This is important knowledge since the majority of problem drinkers never seek treatment and the major part of parental problem drinking is found in population samples.

  • 65.
    Ramstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap. Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; The Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Raninen, Jonas
    Larm, Peter
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Livingston, Michael
    Children with problem-drinking parents in a Swedish national sample: is the risk of harm related to the severity of parental problem drinking? 2023Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 33, nr 2, s. 312-316Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The aim of this paper is to examine the link between severity in exposure to parental problem drinking in a Swedish national population sample of children aged 15–16 years. Specifically, we assessed whether the risk of poor health, poor relationships and a problematic school situation increase with severity in exposure to parental problem drinking.

    Methods: National population survey from 2017 with a representative sample of 5 576 adolescents born in 2001. Logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). A short version of The Children of Alcoholics Screening Test, CAST-6, was used to identify children with problem-drinking parents. Health status, social relations and school situation were assessed by well-established measures.

    Results: The risk of having poor health, poor school performance and poor social relations increased with severity of parental problem drinking. The risk was lowest among children least severely affected (Crude models ranged from OR: 1.2, 95% CI 1.0–1.4 to OR: 2.2, 95% CI 1.8–2.6) and highest among children most severely affected (Crude models ranges from OR: 1.7, 95% CI 1.3–2.1 to OR: 6.6, 95% CI 5.1–8.6). The risk became lower when adjusting for gender and socioeconomic position but were still higher compared to children without problem-drinking parents.

    Conclusions: Appropriate screening and intervention programs are necessary for children with problem-drinking parents especially when exposure is severe but also at mild forms of exposure.

  • 66.
    Ramstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Stokkeland, Knut
    Karolinska institutet.
    Hultcrantz, Rolf
    Karolinska institutet.
    Alkoholkonsumtion och alkoholrelaterade leversjukdomar: vad har hänt i Sverige sedan EU-medlemskapet?2010Inngår i: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 22, s. 1463-6Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 67.
    Ramstedt, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Svensson, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Att skatta införsel av alkohol till Sverige - ingen akademisk fråga?2007Inngår i: Nordisk alkohol- & narkotikatidskrift, ISSN 1455-0725, Vol. 24, nr 5, s. 534-537Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 68.
    Ramstedt (red.), Mats
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Boman, Ulrika
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Engdahl, Barbro
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Sohlberg, Tove
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Svensson, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Tal om alkohol 2010: en statistisk årsrapport från Monitorprojektet2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 69. Raninen, Jonas
    et al.
    Livingston, Michael
    Landberg, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Ramstedt, Mats
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap. Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs, Sweden; Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    To drink or not to drink: A study of the association between rates of non-drinkers and per drinker mean alcohol consumption in the Swedish general population2022Inngår i: Drug and Alcohol Review, ISSN 0959-5236, E-ISSN 1465-3362, Vol. 41, nr 6, s. 1475-1483Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Understanding how the mean consumption per drinker and rates of non-drinking interplay to form overall per capita alcohol consumption is imperative for our understanding of population drinking. The aim of the present study is to examine the association between rates of non-drinkers and per drinker mean alcohol consumption in the Swedish adult population and for different percentiles of drinkers.

    Methods: Data came from a monthly telephone survey of drinking habits in the Swedish adult population between 2002 and 2013. Alcohol consumption and non-drinking during the last 30 days were measured by beverage-specific quantity-frequency questions. Regression models estimated the association between the rate of non-drinkers and per drinker volume on annual data. Auto-regressive integrated moving average time-series models estimated the association on monthly data.

    Results: A significant (P < 0.01) negative association (−0.849) was found between the rate of non-drinkers and per drinker mean volume on annual data. A unit increase in non-drinking was associated with a decline of 0.85 cl of pure alcohol among drinkers. This finding was mirrored across all percentiles of consumption. The semi-log models found that a 1% unit increase in the rate of non-drinkers was followed by a 2% reduction in per drinker mean consumption. Auto-regressive integrated moving average time-series models verified these results.

    Discussion and Conclusions: There is a significant association between the proportion of non-drinkers and the amount of drinking among drinkers. The theory of collectivity of drinking cultures should also include the non-drinking part of the population. 

  • 70. Raninen, Jonas
    et al.
    Livingston, Michael
    Ramstedt, Mats
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap. Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN), Sweden; Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Zetterqvist, Martina
    Larm, Peter
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Svensson, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap. Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN), Sweden; Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    17 Is the New 15: Changing Alcohol Consumption among Swedish Youth2022Inngår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, nr 3, artikkel-id 1645Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To examine and compare trends in drinking prevalence in nationally representative samples of Swedish 9th and 11th grade students between 2000 and 2018. A further aim is to compare drinking behaviours in the two age groups during years with similar drinking prevalence. Data were drawn from annual surveys of a nationally representative sample of students in year 9 (15–16 years old) and year 11 (17–18 years old). The data covered 19 years for year 9 and 16 years for year 11. Two reference years where the prevalence of drinking was similar were extracted for further comparison, 2018 for year 11 (n = 4878) and 2005 for year 9 (n = 5423). The reference years were compared with regard to the volume of drinking, heavy episodic drinking, having had an accident and quarrelling while drunk. The prevalence of drinking declined in both age groups during the study period. The rate of decline was somewhat higher among year 9 students. In 2018, the prevalence of drinking was the same for year 11 students as it was for year 9 students in 2005. The volume of drinking was lower among year 11 students in 2018 than year 9 students in 2005. No differences were observed for heavy episodic drinking. The decline in drinking has caused a displacement of consumption so that today’s 17–18-year-olds have a similar drinking behaviour to what 15–16-year-olds had in 2005.

  • 71. Raninen, Jonas
    et al.
    Ramstedt, Mats
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap. Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs, Sweden; Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Thor, Siri
    Törrönen, Jukka
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Mind the gap! Gender differences in alcohol consumption among Swedish ninth graders 1989–20212024Inngår i: Drug and Alcohol Review, ISSN 0959-5236, E-ISSN 1465-3362, Vol. 43, nr 3, s. 596-603Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: To examine gender differences in drinking habits among Swedish ninth graders over the period 1989–2021.

    Methods: Annual school surveys with nationally representative samples of ninth-grade students in Sweden covering the period 1989–2021, total sample of 180,538 students. Drinking habits were measured with self-reports of frequency and quantity of use and frequency of heavy episodic drinking. Differences between genders were compared annually and differences were tested using logistic and ordinary least square regression models with cluster robust standard errors.

    Results: Small gender differences in the prevalence of alcohol use during the first part of the study period were followed by an increasing gap over the past decade with girls being more likely to drink alcohol than boys. Boys consumed larger amounts of alcohol than girls during the first three decades of the studied period but no gender differences were found in later years. Binge drinking was more prevalent among boys during 1989 to 2000 but no systematic gender difference was found during the past 15 years.

    Discussion and Conclusions: There used to be clear gender differences in drinking habits among ninth graders in Sweden with boys drinking more than girls. This gap has narrowed over the past three decades and among contemporary adolescents, no gender differences are found neither in binge drinking nor volume of drinking and the prevalence of drinking is even higher among girls.

  • 72.
    Room, Robin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD). University of Melbourne, Australia; Turning Point Alcohol and Drug Centre, Australia.
    Bloomfield, Kim
    Grittner, Ulrike
    Gustafsson, Nina-Katri
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD). Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Mäkälä, Pia
    Österberg, Esa
    Ramstedt, Mats
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD). Stockholm County Council, Sweden.
    Rehm, Jürgen
    Wicki, Matthias
    Gmel, Gerhard
    What happened to alcohol consumption and problems in the Nordic countries when alcohol taxes were decreased and borders opened?2013Inngår i: The international journal of alcohol and drug research, ISSN 1925-7066, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 77-87Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: The study tests the effects of reduction in alcohol taxation and increased travellers’ allowances on alcohol consumption and related harm in Denmark, Finland and southern Sweden. In late 2003 and early 2004, taxes on alcoholic beverages were reduced in Denmark and Finland, and the abolition of quantitative quotas on alcohol import for personal use from other European Union countries made cheaper alcohol more available in Denmark, Finland and Sweden. 

    Methods: Analyses of routine statistical register data, and summarizing results from longitudinal and repeated cross-sectional population surveys and other previous analyses, with northern Sweden as a control site for secular trends.

    Results: Contrary to expectations, alcohol consumption – as based on register data – increased only in Finland and not in Denmark and southern Sweden, and self-reported survey data did not show an increase in any site. In Finland, alcohol-attributable harms in register data increased, especially in people with low socio-economic status. Few such effects were found in Denmark and southern Sweden. Neither did results for self-reported alcohol-attributable problems show any general increases in the three sites. These results remained after controlling for regression to the mean and modelling of drop-outs.

    Conclusions: Harms measured in register data did tend to increase in the short term with the policy change, particularly in Finland, where the tax changes were broader. But reducing price and increasing availability does not always increase alcohol consumption and harm. Effects are dampened in affluent societies, and other factors may intervene. The results for Finland also suggest some limits for general population surveys in testing for relatively small policy effects.

  • 73.
    Stenius, Kerstin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Ramstedt, Mats
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Olsson, Börje
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD).
    Addiction research centres and the nurturing of creativity: Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD), Stockholm University, Sweden2010Inngår i: Addiction, ISSN 0965-2140, E-ISSN 1360-0443, Vol. 105, nr 3, s. 402-407Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD) was established as a national research centre and department within the Faculty of Social Science at Stockholm University in 1997, following a Government Report and with the aim to strengthen social alcohol and drug research. Initially, core funding came from the Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research and from the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs for several long-term projects. Today, SoRAD, with 25 senior and junior researchers, has core funding from the university but most of its funding comes from external national and international grants. Research is organized under three themes: consumption, problems and norms, alcohol and drug policy and societal reactions, treatment and recovery processes. SoRADs scientific approach, multi-disciplinarity, a mix of qualitative and quantitative methods and international comparisons was established by the centre's first leader, Robin Room. Regular internal seminars are held and young researchers are encouraged to attend scientific meetings and take part in collaborative projects. SoRAD researchers produce government-funded monthly statistics on alcohol consumption and purchase, and take part in various national government committees, but SoRADs research has no clear political or bureaucratic constraints. One of the future challenges for SoRAD will be the proposed system for university grants allocation, where applied social science will have difficulties competing with basic biomedical research if decisions are based on publication and citation measures.

  • 74. Thern, Emelie
    et al.
    Ramstedt, Mats
    Svensson, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap. The Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN), Sweden.
    Long-term effects of youth unemployment on alcoholrelated morbidity2020Inngår i: Addiction, ISSN 0965-2140, E-ISSN 1360-0443, Vol. 115, nr 3, s. 418-425Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    To test if exposure to unemployment in young adulthood is associated with an increased risk of later alcohol‐related morbidity.

    Design

    A nation‐wide register‐linked longitudinal population‐based study.

    Setting

    Sweden.

    Participants

    A total of 16 490 individuals born between 1967 and 1978, who had participated in the Labour Force Survey between the ages of 16–24 years during 1990–95.

    Measurement

    Information on the outcome of alcohol‐related morbidity was obtained from the National Hospital Discharge Register. The Swedish index of alcohol‐related in‐patient care was used to define the outcome. Information on sex, age and country of birth, as well as parents’ level of education, socio‐economic status and alcohol‐related health problems, were also obtained. Average follow‐up time was 22 years. Cox regression analysis was used to obtain hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI).

    Findings

    Compared with full‐time students, individuals who experienced short‐ and long‐term unemployment spells at a young age were at an increased risk of later alcohol‐related morbidity; < 3 months (HR = 2.04, 95% CI = 1.35–3.09), 3–6 months (HR = 2.20, 95% CI = 1.29–3.75) and > 6 months (HR = 1.99, 95% CI = 1.06–3.71) of unemployment, after adjusting for several important individual and family level covariates.

    Conclusion

    In Sweden, a nation‐wide register‐based study with a 22‐year follow‐up suggests that being unemployed in young adulthood is associated with an increased risk of alcohol‐related morbidity later in life.

  • 75. Trolldal, Björn
    et al.
    Landberg, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Ramstedt, Mats
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap. Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN), Sweden; Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Changes in the Price of Alcohol and Effect on Youth Drinking and in Different Socio-Economic Groups2021Inngår i: Alcohol and Alcoholism, ISSN 0735-0414, E-ISSN 1464-3502, Vol. 56, nr 4, s. 475-481Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: Many studies have shown that changes in alcohol prices have a significant effect on total sales. However, few studies have focused on youth, particularly in different socioeconomic groups. This study examined the effect of changes in the price of alcohol on consumption levels and binge drinking among 15 to 16 year old students in Sweden, both overall, among boys and girls, as well as within different socioeconomic groups.

    Methods: Data on consumption were retrieved from a representative survey of students aged 15-16, conducted annually between 1989 and 2017. Time series analysis employed an autoregressive integrated moving average model (ARIMA). Two types of price data were used: the official price at the retail stores, and the mean price of the ten cheapest beverages in each category. The mean aggregate annual income per Swedish household was included as a control variable.

    The variable used to measure the socioeconomic status was the proportion of the ninth-grade students at each school, who had at least one parent with an education higher than upper secondary school.

    Results: The students' alcohol consumption levels and binge drinking were not significantly affected by price changes during the study period; this was true both for the group as a whole, and among subgroups of boys or girls or of different socioeconomic status. Results were similar regardless of which type of price data variable was used in the analyses.

    Conclusion: Neither average nor minimum price of alcohol had a significant impact on the development of youth drinking in Sweden during the study period.

  • 76.
    Åsman, Barbro
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Bohm, Christian
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Clément, Christophe
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Eriksson, Daniel
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Gellerstedt, Karl
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Hellman, Sten
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Oskar Klein-centrum för kosmopartikelfysik (OKC).
    Hidvégi, Attila
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Hillert, Sonja
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Holmgren, Sven-Olof
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Johansen, Marianne
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Johansson, Erik
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Jon-And, Kerstin
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Lesser, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Milstead, David
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Moa, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Nordkvist, Björn
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Ohm, Christian
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Ramstedt, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Selldén, Björn
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Silverstein, Samuel
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Sjölin, Jörgen
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Tylmad, Maja
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Yang, Zhaoyu
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Performance of the ATLAS Detector using First Collision Data2010Inngår i: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, nr 9, s. 056-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 77.
    Åsman, Barbro
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Oskar Klein-centrum för kosmopartikelfysik (OKC).
    Bohm, Christian
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Clément, Christophe
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Oskar Klein-centrum för kosmopartikelfysik (OKC).
    Eriksson, Daniel
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Gellerstedt, Karl
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Oskar Klein-centrum för kosmopartikelfysik (OKC).
    Hellman, Sten
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Oskar Klein-centrum för kosmopartikelfysik (OKC).
    Hidvégi, Attila
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Johansen, Marianne
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Oskar Klein-centrum för kosmopartikelfysik (OKC).
    Johansson, Erik
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Jon-And, Kerstin
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Oskar Klein-centrum för kosmopartikelfysik (OKC).
    Lesser, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Oskar Klein-centrum för kosmopartikelfysik (OKC).
    Milstead, David
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Oskar Klein-centrum för kosmopartikelfysik (OKC).
    Moa, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Oskar Klein-centrum för kosmopartikelfysik (OKC).
    Nordkvist, Björn
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Oskar Klein-centrum för kosmopartikelfysik (OKC).
    Ohm, Christian
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Oskar Klein-centrum för kosmopartikelfysik (OKC).
    Papadelis, Aras
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Ramstedt, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Oskar Klein-centrum för kosmopartikelfysik (OKC).
    Selldén, Björn
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Silverstein, Samuel
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Sjölin, Jörgen
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Oskar Klein-centrum för kosmopartikelfysik (OKC).
    Strandberg, Sara
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Oskar Klein-centrum för kosmopartikelfysik (OKC).
    Tylmad, Maja
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Oskar Klein-centrum för kosmopartikelfysik (OKC).
    Yang, Zhaoyu
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Oskar Klein-centrum för kosmopartikelfysik (OKC).
    Holmgren, Sven-Olof
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
    Search for Massive Long-lived Highly Ionising Particles with the ATLAS detector at the LHC2011Inngår i: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, E-ISSN 1873-2445, Vol. 698, nr 5, s. 353-370Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A search is made for massive highly ionising particles with lifetimes in excess of 100 ns, with the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider, using 3.1 pb−1 of pp collision data taken at . The signature of energy loss in the ATLAS inner detector and electromagnetic calorimeter is used. No such particles are found and limits on the production cross section for electric charges 6e⩽|q|⩽17e and masses 200 GeV⩽m⩽1000 GeV are set in the range 1–12 pb for different hypotheses on the production mechanism.

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