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  • 51.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Flyktingars och anhöriginvandrares väg till arbete2020Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 52.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    How does motherhood affect self-employment performance?2018Inngår i: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 50, nr 1, s. 29-54Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the timing between self-employment entry and first child birth among Swedish women, using register data for the cohort of women born between 1970 and 1975. We use longitudinal data, where we observe self-employment entry, childbirths, and self-employment outcomes during the period 1995 to 2013. The main research question is whether women who have children when entering self-employment perform less well compared to women who do not have children at the time of self-employment entry. One reason to expect differences in outcomes is that childless women are less time constrained and could potentially invest more time in the business, which could affect outcomes. We find, contrary to our hypothesis, that women who had a child at the time of self-employment entry have higher incomes, higher revenues and more employees in their firms, while we find no difference in the exit rate out of self-employment.

  • 53.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Labour Market Policies: What Works for Newly Arrived Immigrants?2019Inngår i: Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets / [ed] Lars Calmfors, Nora Sánchez-Gassen, Nordic Council of Ministers , 2019, s. 85-110Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Nordic countries, activities for newly arrived refugees and family migrants are organized within introduction programmes and the question of which type of activities works for this group has recently gained increased attention. The programmes typically include language training, courses in civic orientation and labour-market-related activities. This contribution first describes how the introduction programmes are organized and which activities are included. It then summarizes research findings concerning the effectiveness of these activities. A recurring conclusion is that subsidized employment in the private sector is effective but that there is scope for increasing its use among immigrants.

  • 54.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    The Native-Immigrant Income Gap among the Self-Employed in Sweden2011Inngår i: International migration (Geneva. Print), ISSN 0020-7985, E-ISSN 1468-2435, Vol. 49, nr 4, s. 118-143Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    During recent years we have observed that non-western immigrants are overrepresented among the self-employed in Sweden. A reason for this might be the difficulties faced by immigrants in the labour market. The unemployment rate among non-western immigrants in Sweden is higher than among natives with similar human capital characteristics. While this is a well-established result, we do not know much about how self-employed immigrants perform economically compared to their native counterparts. The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyse the incomes of self-employed immigrants and natives in Sweden. We will also discuss possible explanations for the income gap we find. We use Swedish register data for the period 1998 to 2002 and the population studied consists of individuals who have been continuously self-employed during this period. By performing the analysis on this group of self-employed we get a measure of the difference among the long-term self-employed. The outcome of interest is the average income over the period. Income regressions are estimated using both OLS and quantile regressions. We find that self-employed immigrants receive significantly lower incomes than their native counterparts when controlling for individual characteristics, industry and start-up year of the firm. The income gap is larger for non-western immigrants than for western immigrants. Quantile regressions show that the native-immigrant income gap is smaller at the top than at the bottom of the income distribution. Several possible explanations for the native-immigrant income gap are discussed. One possible explanation is that immigrants have a lower reservation wage and accepts staying in business receiving a lower income than comparable natives. Another explanation might be that there is discrimination against self-employed immigrants that will lead to lower incomes. There can be consumer discrimination or discrimination from banks and real estate owners.

  • 55.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Datta Gupta, Nabanita
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Overeducation among immigrants in Sweden: incidence, wage effects and state dependence2014Inngår i: IZA Journal of Migration, ISSN 2193-9039, Vol. 3, nr 9Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The utilization and reward of the human capital of immigrants in the labor market of the host country has been studied extensively. Using Swedish register data from 2001–2008, we extend the immigrant educational mismatch literature by analyzing incidence, wage effects and state dependence in overeducation among natives and immigrants. In line with previous research we find a higher incidence and a lower return to overeducation among immigrants indicating that immigrants lose more from being overeducated. We find a high degree of state dependence in overeducation both among natives and immigrants, but considerably higher among immigrants.

  • 56.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Datta Gupta, Nabanita
    Aarhus University.
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Overeducation among Immigrants in Sweden: Incidence, Wage Effects and State-dependence2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The utilization and reward of the human capital of immigrants in the labor market of the host country has been studied extensively. In the Swedish context this question is of great policy relevance due to the high levels of refugee migration and inflow of tied movers. Using Swedish register data covering the period 2001–2008, we analyze the incidence and wage effects of overeducation among non-Western immigrants. We also analyze whether there is state-dependence in overeducation and extend the immigrant educational mismatch literature by investigating whether this is a more severe problem among immigrants than among natives. In line with previous research we find that the incidence of overeducation is higher among immigrants and the return to overeducation is lower indicating that immigrants lose more from being overeducated. We find a high degree of state-dependence in overeducation both among natives and immigrants, but to a higher extent among immigrants.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 57.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Nekby, Lena
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Intensive coaching of new immigrants: an evaluation based on random program assignment2012Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 114, nr 2, s. 575-600Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether intensive counseling and coaching by Public Employment Service (PES) caseworkers improves the employment opportunities of new immigrants in Sweden. This is tested within the framework of introduction programs for new immigrants. A trial introduction program was implemented from October 2006 to June 2008. Within participating municipalities, new immigrants were randomly assigned into treatment (intensive coaching) or control (regular introduction programs). The results indicate that there are significant treatment effects on employment probabilities as well as on participation in intermediate PES training programs.

  • 58.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Nekby, Lena
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Kan introduktionsprogrammen förbättras? Utvärdering av ett randomiserat experiment – försöksverksamheten för vissa nyanlända invandrare (FNI)2009Inngår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 37, nr 6, s. 6-17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi har jämfört övergången från arbetslöshet till osubventionerat och subventionerat arbete, utbildning och arbetsmarknadsutbildning för en grupp nyanlända invandrare som slumpmässigt valts ut för att delta i en försöksverksamhet. Försöket, som syftar till att förkorta tiden fram till inträde på arbetsmarknaden, bedrevs vid arbetsförmedlingar i Stockholms, Kronobergs och Skåne län. Gruppen jämfördes med en slumpmässigt utvald kontrollgrupp bestående av nyanlända som skrivits in vid samma arbetsförmedling under samma tidsperiod. Vi finner att sannolikheten att övergå till osubventionerat arbete, senast 15 månader efter inskrivning, i genomsnitt är omkring 4 procentenheter högre för deltagare i försöket.

  • 59.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Nekby, Lena
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    TIPping the Scales towards Greater Employment Chances? Evaluation of a Trial Introduction Program (TIP) for Newly-Arrived Immigrants based on Random Program Assignment2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A Trial Introduction Program (TIP) for newly-arrived immigrants to Sweden was set up in October 2006 in order to meet the main criticisms directed at existing introduction programs. Two primary innovations were introduced, flexible language instruction parallelwith other labor market activities at the Public Employment Service (PES) and intensive counselling and coaching by PES caseworkerswith considerably reduced caseloads. Within participating municipalities, newly-arrived immigrants were randomly assigned into TIP or the control group, i.e., regular introduction programs. Results indicate small but significant treatment effects on the probability of attaining regular employment and subsidized employment. In addition,TIP participants were considerably more likely to enter intermediate PES training programs. Hazard rates into PES training programs were also significantly higher for participants in TIP in comparison to participants in regular introduction programs.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 60.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Nekby, Lena
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    TIPping the Scales towards Greater Employment Chances? Evaluation of a Trial Introduction Program(TIP) for Newly Arrived Immigrants based on Random Program Assignment2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A Trial Introduction Program (TIP) for newly-arrived immigrants to Sweden was implemented from October 2006 to June 2008 in order to meet the main criticisms directed at existing introduction programs. Two primary innovations were introduced, flexible language instruction parallel with other labor market activities at the Public Employment Service (PES) and intensive counseling and coaching by PES caseworkers with considerably reduced caseloads. Within participating municipalities, newly-arrived immigrants were randomly assigned into TIP (treatment) or regular introduction programs (control). Results indicate significant treatment effects on the probability of attaining regular employment as well as the probability of entering intermediate PES training programs. Hazard rates into PES training programs were also significantly higher for participants in TIP in comparison to participants in regular introduction programs.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 61.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Petersson, Stina
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Temporary agency work and labor migration to Sweden2013Inngår i: Labour migrants from Central andEastern Europe in the Nordic countries: patterns of migration, working conditions and recruitment practices / [ed] Jon Horgen Friberg and Line Eldring, København: Nordisk ministerråd, 2013, nr 570, s. 273-299Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 62.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    A Note on Immigrant Representation in Temporary Agency Work and Self-employment in Sweden2008Inngår i: LABOUR, Vol. 22, nr 3, s. 495-507Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 63.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Being employed by a co-national: A cul-de-sac or a short cut to the main road of the labour market?2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Self-employment is very common among some immigrant groups in Sweden and many of them hire co-nationals in their firms. One reason might be that they want to give newly arrived co-nationals the possibility to earn an income. But what are the consequences for the employees of being employed by a co-national? This paper analyzes the impact on labour income and future employment prospects of being employed by self-employed co-nationals shortly after arrival to Sweden. We find that immigrants in this group have substantially lower incomes than newly arrived immigrants with other forms of employment. We also find that they are less likely to work as employees in the private sector (other than being employed by a self-employed) in the future and are much more likely to become self-employed.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 64.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Being Employed by a Co-national: A Cul-de-sac or a Short Cut to the Main Road of the Labour Market?2012Inngår i: Journal of International Migration and Integration, ISSN 1488-3473, E-ISSN 1874-6365, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 99-120Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the impact of working in an ethnic economy on subsequent labour market performance for newly arrived immigrants. Is it a short cut to the labour market or does it lock immigrants into low income jobs? Working in an ethnic economy is defined as being employed by a self-employed co-national. The comparison group is a matched sample of newly arrived immigrants who were without employment during the same period. Swedish panel data for the period 1998–2005 are used, and the sample is restricted to male immigrants, 20–55 years of age. Using propensity score matching, we find that immigrants who were employed by self-employed co-nationals are more likely to be employed in the near future, but that the types of employment they have are associated with lower incomes. Many continue to be employed by self-employed co-nationals or become self-employed themselves.

  • 65.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Bemanningsbranschen 1998-2005: En bransch i förändring?2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    P. Andersson Joona, E. Wadensjö WP 6/2010
  • 66.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Lärdomar från bemanningsbranschen2010Inngår i: Lyckad invandring Tio svenska forskare om hur man når framgångar: Tio svenska forskare om hur man når framgångar / [ed] Martin Ådahl, Stockholm: FORES , 2010, 1, s. 81-97Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 67.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Rekrytering av utländsk arbetskraft: Invandrares arbetsmiljö och anknytning till arbetsmarknaden i Sverige2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 68.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    The best and the brightest or the least successful? Self-employment entry among male wage-earners in Sweden2013Inngår i: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 40, nr 1, s. 155-172Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes self-employment entry among Swedish-born male wage-earners. Is it the best and the brightest or the least successful that become self-employed? The residual from an income regression is used as an indicator of who belongs to which group. We find that both wage-earners who receive a lower income than predicted, i.e. have a negative residual, and those who receive a higher income than predicted, i.e. have a positive residual, are more likely to become self-employed than those who receive an income close to the predicted one. However, splitting self-employment into different types depending on corporate form and number of employees, we find that the self-employed are drawn from both tails of the residual distribution only if it is a matter of unincorporated firms. Wage-earners who become self-employed and start an incorporated firm are only drawn from the top of the residual distribution. Using self-employment income and turnover as measures of self-employment performance, we find a positive linear relationship between the income residual and performance.

  • 69.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    The Employees of Native and Immigrant Self-Employed2009Inngår i: Research in Labor Economics, ISSN 0147-9121, Vol. 29, s. 229-250Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 70.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wennemo Lanninger, Alma
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Sundström, Marianne
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Etableringsreformens effekter på de nyanländas integration. Slutrapport.2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 71.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wennemo Lanninger, Alma
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Sundström, Marianne
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Etableringsreformens effekter på integrationen av nyanlända2017Inngår i: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 23, nr 1, s. 27-45Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Etableringsreformen genomfördes under 2010 av den förra regeringen för att underlätta och påskynda integrationen av nyanlända flyktingar och deras anhöriga. Reformen innebar att ansvaret för de nyanländas etablering överfördes från kommunerna till Arbetsförmedlingen. I den här artikeln analyserar vi reformens effekter på de nyanländas sysselsättning, löneinkomster och deltagande i utbildning ett, två och tre år efter beviljat uppehållstillstånd på basis av registerdata från SCB över samtliga nyanlända.

  • 72.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wennemo Lanninger, Alma
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Sundström, Marianne
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Etableringsreformens första år - en första utvärdering2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 73.
    Andersson, Linus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Do the formative aspects of education really matter for educational assortative mating? Cues from a natural experimentManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Individuals tend to partner with people of a similar educational level as themselves. According to the matching hypothesis, exposure to education leads to similarity in taste and cultural cognitive schemas, causing educationally similar partners to form unions. In this study, I ask if such formative content of education matters for educational homogamy, net of other forces. Evaluating this claim is often difficult because educational level also beget human resources and because marriage markets are structured by educational level - aspects which also lead to educational homogamy. I approach this issue using a semi-experimental design that tentatively holds constant marriage markets and human capital related to education. Using a national reform, I compare the educational assortative mating of upper secondary vocational students who studied under a theoretical curriculum to that of vocational students not exposed to a theoretical curriculum. The reform provides variability in formative education. Yet, it induces no variation in competitive human capital and marriage markets, as students obtain comparable human capital within the same standard upper secondary track. Therefore, effects may be attributed to matching on formative content of the added theoretical curriculum. Before and after adjusting for selection, I find no effect of an added theoretical curriculum on partnering. The results are discussed in terms of the ambiguity of formative education as an explanation for educational assortative mating.

  • 74.
    Andersson, Linus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Gender, family life course and attitudes towards divorce in Sweden2016Inngår i: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, E-ISSN 1502-3869, Vol. 59, nr 1, s. 51-67Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigates the impact of union formation, parenthood and union dissolution on Swedes’ attitudes toward divorce. The results, based on fixed-effects models of longitudinal data from the Young Adult Panel Study (YAPS), suggest a prevalent, albeit small, influence of family life-course events on attitudes toward divorce in Sweden. Attitudes toward divorce are studied using two survey statements: ‘It is too easy to get divorced in today’s Sweden’ (item A) and ‘Parents should stay together for the sake of their children’ (item B). For both items, union dissolution from parental relationships is associated with a decrease in intolerance toward divorce, but only for women. For men, but not for women, parental union formation increases intolerance toward divorce as measured by item B. The results are discussed in relation to the literature on gendered family life-course experiences.

  • 75.
    Andersson, Linus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Online Distance Education and Transition to Parenthood Among Female University Students in Sweden2019Inngår i: European Journal of Population, ISSN 0168-6577, E-ISSN 1572-9885, Vol. 35, nr 4, s. 795-823Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The expansion of tertiary education is key to understanding postponement of first births. Currently, online distance education is changing the nature of university enrolment. In this study, I suggest that online distance education impacts on fertility by facilitating the transition to parenthood among students. I examine the relationship between online distance education and first births during university enrolment. Using survival analysis of register data for the 1968–1991 female cohorts, I examine the impact of distance and campus education on first-parity transitions during university enrolment between 2004 and 2012 (N = 938,768). Results indicate that the negative association between enrolment and first parity conception differs substantially between campus and distance enrolment. Compared to non-enrolment, the hazard of first parity conception is 70% lower during campus enrolment but 43% lower during distance enrolment. These findings are discussed in relation to educational heterogeneity and fertility postponement and the impact of technological innovation on family dynamics.

  • 76.
    Andersson, Pernilla
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Determinants of Exits from Self-EmploymentManuskript (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 77.
    Andersson, Pernilla
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Four Essays on Self-Employment2006Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Wage-Earners who Become Self-Employed: The Impact of Income and wages

    Does the relation between actual and expected income affect the decision to become self-employed? Wage-earners who receive an actual income that is different from the expected, both lower and higher, are more likely to become self-employed than wage-earners who receive an actual income close to the expected. Self-employed individuals who received a higher income than expected are more successful than other self-employed.

    Happiness and Health: Well-Being among the Self-Employed

    Is well-being greater among the self-employed than among wage-earners? Indicators of well-being are: job satisfaction, life satisfaction, whether the job is stressful, whether the job is mentally straining, mental health problems, and poor general health. Conditional fixed effects logit models are estimated to control for selection. Self-employment increases both job and life satisfaction and it decreases the probability of finding the job mentally straining.

    Self-Employed Immigrants in Sweden: Are They as Successful as Natives?

    Do self-employed immigrants have lower incomes than self-employed natives? Income regressions are estimated using both OLS and quantile regressions. Immigrants receive significantly lower incomes than natives when controlling for individual characteristics and industry. The income differential is larger for non-Western immigrants than for Western immigrants. Quantile regressions show that the native-immigrant income gap is smaller at the top than at the bottom of the income distribution.

    Determinants of Exits from Self-Employment

    Which groups are most likely to exit self-employment? Are there differences between groups regarding destination after self-employment? Young entrepreneurs, highly educated and self-employed who are also wage-earners are more likely to exit to paid employment. Women and non-Western immigrants are more likely to exit self-employment and become unemployed.

  • 78.
    Andersson, Pernilla
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Happiness and Health: Well-Being among the Self-EmployedManuskript (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 79.
    Andersson, Pernilla
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Hur är det att vara egenföretagare i Sverige?2007Inngår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, nr 6Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 80.
    Andersson, Pernilla
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Self-Employed Immigrants in Sweden: Are They as Successful as Natives?Manuskript (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 81.
    Andersson, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Arbetskraftens rörlighet i Norden - drivkrafter och effekter2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 82.
    Andersson, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Do the unemployed become successful entrepreneurs?2007Inngår i: International Journal of Manpower, Vol. 28, nr 7, s. 604-626Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 83.
    Andersson, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Integration via egenföretagande och anställning hos egenföretagare2007Inngår i: Att byta land och landskap.: En vänbok till Jan Ekberg, Växjö University Press , 2007Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 84.
    Andersson, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Statistik om bemanningsbranschen. Presentation och jämförelser av två nya databaser2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    P. Andersson, E. Wadensjö WP 6/2004
  • 85.
    Andersson, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Sysselsättning i bemanningsföretag och egenföretagande bland unga2007Inngår i: Ungas framtidsvägar: Agoras årsbok 2006, 2007, s. 178-198Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 86.
    Andersson, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Wage-Earners who Become Self-Employed: The Impact of Income and wagesManuskript (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 87. Andringa, w
    et al.
    Nieuwenhuis, Rense
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Van Gerven, m
    Women’s working hours: the interplay between gender role attitudes, motherhood, and public childcare support in 23 European countries2015Inngår i: International journal of sociology and social policy, ISSN 0144-333X, E-ISSN 1758-6720, Vol. 35, nr 9/10, s. 582-599Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 88. Angelin, Anna
    et al.
    Kauppinen, Timo
    Lorentzen, Thomas
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Moisio, Pasi
    Dahl, Espen
    Salonen, Tapio
    Have Nordic welfare regimes adapted to changes in transitions to adulthood? Unemployment insurance and social assistance among young people in the Nordic welfare states2014Inngår i: Young people and social policy in Europe: dealing with risk, inequality and precarity in times of crises / [ed] Lorenza Antonucci, Myra Hamilton, Steve Roberts, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, s. 169-188Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 89. Angelov, Nikolay
    et al.
    Edmark, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    När skolan själv får välja – en ESO-rapport om friskolornas etableringsmönster2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I rapporten analyseras vilka faktorer som påverkar var friskolor väljer att etablera sig.

    Rapporten konstaterar att friskolor oftare etableras i områden med många högutbildade – men också i invandrartäta områden. I kommuner som styrs av en vänstermajoritet etableras färre friskolor jämfört med i andra kommuner. Rapporten visar också att förväntan om höga intäkter och låga lokalkostnader tycks spela roll när icke-vinstsyftande friskolor väljer var de ska etablera sig. För de vinstsyftande skolorna verkar däremot de ekonomiska förutsättningarna inte påverka etableringen.

    För att med större säkerhet kunna säga något om hur kommunernas ersättning till friskolorna påverkar var nya friskolor etableras behövs bättre data. Det är en brist att denna information saknas i Sverige, ett land med världens kanske mest långtgående skolpengssystem.

  • 90.
    Arai, Mahmood
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Karlsson, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Lundholm, Michael
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    On Fragile Grounds: A Replication of 'Are Muslim Immigrants Different in Terms of Cultural Integration?'2011Inngår i: Journal of the European Economic Association, ISSN 1542-4766, E-ISSN 1542-4774, Vol. 9, nr 5, s. 1002-1011Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a replication of "Are Muslim Immigrants Different in terms of Cultural Integration?" by Alberto Bisin, Eleonora Patacchini, Thierry Verdier and Yves Zenou, published in the Journal of the European Economic Association, 6, 445-456, 2008. Bisin et al. (2008) report that they have 5,963 observations in their study. Using their empirical setup, we can only identify 1,901 relevant observations in the original data. After removing missing values we are left with 818 observations. We cannot replicate any of their results and our estimations yield no support for their claims. (JEL: A14, C21, C87, J15)

  • 91.
    Arai, Mahmood
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Karlsson, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Lundholm, Michael
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    On Fragile Grounds: A replication of "Are Muslim immigrants different in terms of cultural integration?" Technical documentation2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a technical documentation of Arai et al.(2008) which replicates “Are Muslim Immigrants Different in terms of Cultural Integration?” by Alberto Bisin, Eleonora Patacchini, Thierry Verdier and Yves Zenou, published in Journal of European Economic Association,6, 445-456, 2008. Bisin et al.(2008) report that they have 5963 observations in their study. Using their empirical setup, we can only identify 1901 relevant observations in the original data. After removing missing values we are left with 818 observations. We cannot replicate any of their results and our estimations yield no support for their claims.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 92.
    Arai, Mahmood
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Karlsson, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Lundholm, Michael
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    On Fragile Grounds: A replication of "Are Muslim immigrantsdifferent in terms of cultural integration?"2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a replication of “Are Muslim Immigrants Different interms of Cultural Integration?” by Alberto Bisin, Eleonora Patacchini,Thierry Verdier and Yves Zenou, published in Journal of European Economic Association, 6, 445-456, 2008.Bisin et al.(2008) report that they have 5963 observations in their study. Using their empirical setup, we can only identify 1901 relevant observations in the original data. After removing missing values we are left with 818 observations. We cannot replicate any of their results and our estimations yield no support for their claims.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 93. Asplund, Marcus
    et al.
    Eriksson, Rickard
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Strand, Niklas
    Price Discrimination in Oligopoly: Evidence from Regional Newspapers2008Inngår i: Journal of Industrial Economics, Vol. 56, nr 2, s. 333-346Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 94.
    Asplund, Rita
    et al.
    The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy ETLA, Helsinki.
    Barth, Erling
    Institute for Social Research, Oslo.
    Lundborg, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Nilsen, Kjersti Misje
    Institute for Social Research, Oslo.
    Polarization of the Nordic Labour Markets2011Inngår i: Finnish economic papers, ISSN 0784-5197, Vol. 24, nr 2, s. 25-48Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 95. Avdic, Daniel
    et al.
    Hägglund, Pathric
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Lindahl, Bertil
    Johansson, Per
    Sex differences in sickness absence and the morbidity-mortality paradox: a longitudinal study using Swedish administrative registers2019Inngår i: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 9, nr 8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective To analyse whether gender-specific health behaviour can be an explanation for why women outlive men, while having worse morbidity outcomes, known as the morbidity-mortality or gender paradox. Setting The working population in Sweden. Participants Thirty per cent random sample of Swedish women and men aged 40-59 with a hospital admission in the 1993-2004 period were included. The sample for analysis consists of 233274 individuals (115430 men and 117844 women) and in total 1 867013 observations on sickness absence. Intervention Hospital admission across 18 disease categories. Main outcome measures The main outcome measures were sickness absence (morbidity) and mortality. Longitudinal data at the individual level allow us to study how sickness absence changed after a hospital admission in men and women using a difference-in-differences regression analysis. Cox regression models are used to study differences in mortality after the admission. Results Women increased their sickness absence after a hospital admission by around five more days per year than men (95% CI 5.25 to 6.22). At the same time, men had higher mortality in the 18 diagnosis categories analysed. The pattern of more sickness absence in women was the same across 17 different diagnosis categories. For neoplasm, with a 57% higher risk of death for men (54.18%-59.89%), the results depended on the imputation method of sickness for those deceased. By using the premortality means of sickness absence, men had an additional 14.47 (-16.30- -12.64) days of absence, but with zero imputation women had an additional 1.6 days of absence (0.05-3.20). Analyses with or without covariates revealed a coherent picture. Conclusions The pattern of increased sickness absence (morbidity) and lower mortality in women provides evidence on the more proactive and preventive behaviour of women than of men, which could thus explain the morbidity-mortality paradox.

  • 96.
    B. Almquist, Ylva
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap, Centrum för forskning om ojämlikhet i hälsa (CHESS).
    Grotta, Alessandra
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap, Centrum för forskning om ojämlikhet i hälsa (CHESS).
    Vågerö, Denny
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap, Centrum för forskning om ojämlikhet i hälsa (CHESS).
    Stenberg, Sten-Åke
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Modin, Bitte
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap, Centrum för forskning om ojämlikhet i hälsa (CHESS).
    Cohort Profile Update: The Stockholm Birth Cohort Study2019Inngår i: International Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0300-5771, E-ISSN 1464-3685Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 97.
    B. Låftman, Sara
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Alm, Susanne
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Sandahl, Julia
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Modin, Bitte
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Future Orientation among Students Exposed to School Bullying and Cyberbullying Victimization2018Inngår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 15, nr 4, artikkel-id 605Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Future orientation can be defined as an individual’s thoughts, beliefs, plans, and hopes for the future. Earlier research has shown adolescents’ future orientation to predict outcomes later in life, which makes it relevant to analyze differences in future orientation among youth. The aim of the present study was to analyze if bullying victimization was associated with an increased likelihood of reporting a pessimistic future orientation among school youth. To be able to distinguish between victims and bully-victims (i.e., students who are both bullies and victims), we also took perpetration into account. The data were derived from the Stockholm School Survey performed in 2016 among ninth grade students (ages 15–16 years) (n = 5144). Future orientation and involvement in school bullying and in cyberbullying were based on self-reports. The statistical method used was binary logistic regression. The results demonstrated that victims and bully-victims of school bullying and of cyberbullying were more likely to report a pessimistic future orientation compared with students not involved in bullying. These associations were shown also when involvement in school bullying and cyberbullying were mutually adjusted. The findings underline the importance of anti-bullying measures that target both school bullying and cyberbullying.

  • 98.
    Baltander, Richard
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Education, Labour Market and Incomes for the Deaf/Hearing Impaired and the Blind/Visually Impaired2009Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Essay I: Return to Education for the Deaf/Hearing Impaired and the Blind/Visually Impaired, 1991-2000

       Mincer-equations are estimated for the deaf/hearing impaired and the blind/visually impaired. The results show that the estimates of the coefficient for the education variable are lower than for a comparison group, and that for several years it is not statistically significant that education for the blind/visually impaired has a positive effect on labour income.

    Essay II: Labour Income Distribution for the Deaf/Hearing Impaired and the Blind/Visually Impaired in Sweden, 1991-2000

       Incomes or the deaf/hearing impaired and the blind/visually impaired are studied. They are compared with the income distribution for a comparison group. The results show that the income distribution is most unequal for the blind/visually impaired and that the average and median incomes are clearly lowest for this group. One explanation is a high share of zero earners.

    Essay III: Wages and Wage Distributions for the Deaf/Hearing Impaired and the Blind/Visually Impaired with and without Wage Subsidy

       Mincer-equations with a wage subsidy dummy are estimated and wage distributions are studied for the deaf/hearing impaired and the blind/visually impaired. The coefficient for the wage subsidy dummy is discussed. From the wage distributions for full-time employed people we see that employed people with a wage subsidy have a more compact wage distribution compared to employed people without a wage subsidy.

    Essay IV: Employment for the Deaf/Hearing Impaired and the Blind/Visually Impaired during the 1990s

       Employment rates for the deaf/hearing impaired and the blind/visually impaired are compared with a group that represents the Swedish population. The results show that the pattern and level of the employment rate are similar for the deaf/hearing impaired and the comparison group. The employment rate is clearly lower for the blind/visually impaired people, however.

  • 99.
    Baltander, Richard
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Employment for the Deaf/Hearing Impaired and the Blind/Visually Impaired during the 1990sManuskript (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Employment rates for the deaf/hearing impaired and the blind/visually impaired are compared with a group that represents the Swedish population. The results show that the pattern and the level of the employment rate are similar for the deaf/hearing impaired and the comparison group. The employment rate is clearly lower for the blind/visually impaired, however.

  • 100.
    Baltander, Richard
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Labour Income Distribution for the Deaf/Hearing Impaired and the Blind/Visually Impaired in Sweden, 1991-2000Manuskript (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Incomes of the deaf/hearing impaired and the blind/visually impaired are studied. They are compared with the income distribution for a comparison group. The results show that the income distribution is most unequal for the blind/visually impaired and that the average and median incomes are clearly lowest for this group. One explanation is a high share of zero earners.

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