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  • 51.
    Agbetsoamedo, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik. University of Ghana.
    Aspects of the Grammar and Lexicon of Sεlεε2014Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a description of some aspects of the grammar of Sɛlɛɛ, a Ghana-Togo-Mountain (GTM) language, based on my own fieldwork. The thesis consists of an introduction and five papers.

    Paper (I), Noun classes in Sεlεε, describes the noun class system of Sɛlɛɛ. It consists of eight noun class prefixes, four marking singular and four plural. They are paired in irregular ways to form eight genders (singular-plural pairs). Nouns agree with determiners, numerals and interrogative qualifiers within the noun phrase and can be indexed on the predicate. Nouns are allocated to classes/genders based partly on semantic notions.

    Paper (II), Sεlεε (with Francesca Di Garbo), details the morphological encoding of diminution in Sɛlɛɛ either by the suffixes -bi, -bii, -mii, -e or -nyi alone or in combination with noun class shift. Augmentation is not expressed morphologically.

    Paper (III), The tense and aspect system of Sεlεε: A preliminary analysis, shows that Sɛlɛɛ, unlike most Kwa languages, has a rather elaborate tense system encompassing present, hodiernal, pre-hodiernal and future tenses. The aspectual categories are progressive, habitual and perfect. Both categories often amalgamate with first person singular subject clitics.

    Paper (IV), Standard negation in Sεlεε, deals with the negation of declarative verbal main clauses. This is primarily encoded by a high tone, sometimes combined with segmental morphemes, portmanteau negative tense-aspect morphemes and vowel lengthening. Each tense-aspect category has at least one particular negation strategy.

    Paper (V), Unravelling temperature terms in Sεlεε (with Francesca Di Garbo), investigates the grammatical constructions employed for temperature evaluations. Personal feeling is only encoded via subjects, while ambient and tactile evaluations are construed attributively and predicatively.

    A comparison of Selee and other GTM languages revealed similar noun morphologies but very different verbal morphologies.

  • 52.
    Agbetsoamedo, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap. University of Ghana.
    Noun classes in Sɛlɛɛ2014Ingår i: Journal of West African Languages, ISSN 0022-5401, Vol. XLI, nr 1, s. 95-124Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the noun class system of Sl, a Na-Togo, Kwa (Niger-Congo) language spoken in the Volta Region of Ghana. As shown in this paper, Sl hasa noun class system with an equal number of singular and plural classes that are paired inirregular ways. The singular-plural pairs are referred to as genders. Nouns normally agreewith certain modifiers within the noun phrase. The agreement targets are determiners,numerals, interrogative pronouns and some adjectives. Outside the noun phrase, nounclasses may be indexed on the verb to signal long distance anaphora, a strategy thatspeakers rarely use. The paper provides a detailed account of possible semantic andcultural motivations for the assignment of nouns to a particular gender and/or class.

  • 53.
    Agbetsoamedo, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap. University of Ghana.
    Standard negation in SɛlɛɛIngår i: Afrika und Übersee, ISSN 0002-0427Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses standard negation in Sɛlɛɛ. Sɛlɛɛ is a Ghana-Togo Mountain (GTM) Language of the Kwa group of the Niger Congo family. Standard negation is the negation of declarative verbal clauses. Different strategies are used in Sɛlɛɛ to negate declarative verbal main clauses depending on the tense and aspect category of the verb. The basic negation strategy used in standard negation is tonal alternation, with or without other negation markers. The other strategies are the use of portmanteau morphemes, affixes and vowel lengthening. Interestingly, in one and the same tense paradigm, different persons can select different negation strategies. There is syncretism among the 1st person singular forms of the negative recent past, the negative habitual and the negative perfect.

  • 54.
    Agbetsoamedo, Yvonne
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap. University of Ghana, Ghana.
    The tense and aspect system of Sɛlɛɛ: A preliminary analysis2015Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 55. Agbetsoamedo, Yvonne
    et al.
    Ameka, Felix
    Atintono, Samuel
    Koptjevskaja Tamm, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Temperature terms in the Ghanaian languages in a typological perspective2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This talk deals with the conceptualisation of temperature in some of the Ghanaian languages as reflected in their systems of central temperature terms, such as hot, cold, to freeze, etc. We will discuss these systems in the light of a large-scale cross-linguistic collaborative project, involving 35 researchers (including the present authors) and covering more than 50 genetically, areally and typologically diverse languages (Koptjevskaja-Tamm ed. 2015). The key questions addressed here are how the different languages carve up the temperature domain by means of their linguistic expressions, and how the temperature expressions are used outside of the temperature domain. Languages cut up the temperature domain among their expressions according to three main dimensions: TEMPERATURE VALUES (e.g., warming vs. cooling temperatures, or excessive heat vs. pleasant warmth), FRAMES OF TEMPERATURE EVALUATION (TACTILE, The stones are cold; AMBIENT, It is cold here; and PERSONAL-FEELING, I am cold), and ENTITIES whose “temperature” is evaluated.  Although the temperature systems are often internally heterogeneous, we may still talk about the main temperature value distinctions for the whole system. The Ghanaian languages favour the cross-linguistically preferred two-value systems, with water often described by a more elaborated system. An interesting issue concerns conventionalisation and frequency of expressions with a primary meaning outside of the temperature domain, for temperature uses. For instance, the conventionalised expressions for talking about ‘warm/hot’ in Ewe involve sources of heat (‘fire’) and bodily exuviae (‘sweat’). The Ghanaian languages often manifest numerous extended uses of their temperature terms. However, strikingly, none of them conforms to one of the most widely quoted conceptual metaphors, “affection is warmth” (Lakoff & Johnson 1999:50), which is also true for many other languages in (West) Africa and otherwise.

  • 56.
    Agbetsoamedo, Yvonne
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap. University of Ghana, Ghana.
    Di Garbo, Francesca
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Sɛlɛɛ2015Ingår i: Edinburgh handbook of evaluative morphology / [ed] Nicola Grandi, Livia Kortvelyessy, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2015, s. 487-495Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 57.
    Agbetsoamedo, Yvonne
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap. University of Ghana, Ghana.
    Di Garbo, Francesca
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Unravelling temperature terms in Sɛlɛɛ2015Ingår i: The linguistics of temperature / [ed] Maria Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2015, s. 107-127Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the encoding of temperature in Sɛlɛɛ, a Niger-Congo language of the Kwa group, spoken in Ghana. The lexicon of temperature in Sɛlɛɛ consists of six central and two non-central temperature terms, distributed among the word classes of nouns, adjectives and verbs. The grammatical constructions associated with temperature evaluation vary according to the word-class status of each temperature term and its contexts of use. The distribution of the different grammatical constructions according to different types of temperature evaluation is discussed in the paper. Metaphorical uses of temperature-related terms are also discussed in the context of neighbouring and highly related languages. Finally, special patterns of temperature evaluation in connection with water are surveyed.

  • 58.
    Aggeklint, Eva
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för orientaliska språk.
    “Bridal Couples": On Hybridity in Conceptual Chinese Photography 1995–20092013Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Chinese art of the 1990s responded to the many changes in the environment and thereby to changes in personal lives. Many Chinese artists of the time were therefore concerned with their selves and their works reveal explorations of personal identity. The medium of photography proved particularly suitable for expressing individuality in a rapidly transforming urban society. A growing number of independent conceptual photographic artists departed from official documentary photography, fetching inspiration from international art and postmodern theory. The bridal couple as a motif in conceptual Chinese photography started to appear in the mid-1990s, coinciding with the development of the consumer society, growing market freedom, foreign imports and the creation of an art market. The bridal couple in conceptual tableaux reveals an intriguing mixed appearance: the images introduce subtle recognition of signs and symbols from both near and afar, calling to mind issues of hybridity. Such hybridity is also something which makes interpretation of these images complex. By means of deep-analysis of eight conceptual photographs by seven artists, this study employs Homi K. Bhabha’s concepts to try out a method in which the images are located in the dynamic process of culture, that is in the Third Space. This method opens up the cross-cultural paradoxes as sites for interpretation: thus the focus of this study lies in unlocking the images to interpret them in their hybrid condition. An important challenge has been to lay bare how works with such mixed appearances communicate in their own right, and not as mere imitations of canonised works of art. By evaluating a number of foreign and domestic symbols in the images, new meanings are revealed, depicting a variety of issues tied to the Chinese cultural context. There are many conceivable reasons why artists in China should have adopted foreign symbols as form of expression; a context is outlined so that this type of art can be discussed from the point of view of the history of photography, marriage customs, bridal portraiture and the art market.

  • 59.
    Aggeklint, Eva
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för Asien-, Mellanöstern- och Turkietstudier, Avdelningen för kinesiska.
    Gränslös prakt i Östasiatiska museets samling2016Ingår i: Kinarapport, ISSN 1404-1855, nr 4, s. 82-85Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 60.
    Aggeklint, Eva
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för orientaliska språk.
    Masquerading Brides and Grooms: Analyses of three art portraits in the medium of photography2008Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of my paper is the study of three imaginary portraits of bridal couples in the medium of photography. The works are part of my ongoing ph.d project on the topic of Bridal couples. The aim of my paper is to investigate how the three fake portraits correspond to real studio bridal portraits. The paper further explores how the use of masks, make-up, costume, body language, mimics and background differ in the two settings, i. e. the art world and the photo studio.

    The paper makes use of Judith Butler’s theoretical ideas as presented in Gender Trouble when discussing questions of masquearade, identity and gender. Identity is in addition an intriguing topic since identity in China historically has been connected to the group rather than to the individual; thus the new art since the 1990s tend to focus on the individual rather than the group.

    How is the question of identity and individuality visualised in the art portraits in focus here in comparison to the popular studio portraits? The paper seeks to put the finger on conventionality as well as issues of subversion. The works are additionally put into the context of the Chinese socio-economic changes especially since the 1990s.

  • 61.
    Aggeklint, Eva
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för orientaliska språk.
    Människor emellan i 1700-talets Kina2006Ingår i: Karavan: litterär tidskrift på resa mellan kulturer, ISSN 1404-3874, Vol. 1, s. 72-74Artikel, recension (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    "Det är den roman som haft störst inverkan på mitt liv". Så svarade över hälften av de tillfrågade i en läsarundersökning gjord i Beijing 1999, och romanen de syftade på var Drömmar om röda gemak. Denna 1700-talsberättelse om en släkt i uppgång och fall betraktas inte sällan som Kinas främsta litterära verk genom tiderna. I vinter har den för första gången utkommit på svenska – den första delen, Guldåldern, tronar nu på bokhandelsdiskarna. Karavans recent har läst Pär Bergmans översättning och finner den synerligen välgjord och njutbar.

  • 62.
    Aggestam, Johanna
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för litteraturvetenskap och idéhistoria.
    Lögnen så lekande Lätt: En analys av maktrelationer i Monika Fagerholms2009Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Lögnen så Lekande Lätt. En analys av maktrelationer

    i Monika Fagerholms Den amerikanska flickan”.

    Johanna Aggestam, kandidatuppsats i litteraturvetenskap,

    framlagd för Ulf Olsson, HT 2008. Stockholms universitet,

    Institutionen för litteraturvetenskap och idéhistoria.

    Den här undersökningen har som huvudsyfte att definiera och finna orsaker till de maktrelationer som är centrala i Monika Fagerholms Den amerikanska flickan utifrån tre olika frågeställningar om makt, lek, och lögn. Maktrelationen tycks utgå från en lögn och hur den delvis återspeglas i de lekar som huvudpersonerna Sandra och Doris leker – som i sin tur har som syfte att skapa subjekten, definiera det hitintills odefinierade. Jag utgår i analysen från de fyra begreppen makt, lek, lögn och språk och använder mig av valda delar av Michel Foucaults maktanalys, Judith Butlers performativitetsbegrepp samt i viss mån en kortfattad teoretisering kring lekakten per se.

    Min metod är att genom textexempel ur romanen belysa maktrelationens olika fundament med hjälp av maktanalys, performativitet och lek. Fokus ligger enbart på romanens två centralkaraktärer och deras identitetsskapande.

    Problematiken i maktkampen är att flickornas skapande av subjekt flyter in i varandra och när en maktomkastning sker i relationen går inte deras respektive världsbilder längre ihop. Lekarna och de performativa akterna i lek och språk är identitetsskapande men eftersom leken från det ena perspektivet bygger på en lögn blir skapandet av subjekten skevt. Språket flickorna använder är ett sätt för dem att ta makten över sin position i världen. De skapar sig ett eget språk som till en början är gemensamt och unikt för dem men med tiden blir mer och mer oöversättbart och åtskilt. Sandras och Doris uppfattning om sanning vilar i leken, vilket visar sig såväl hjälpa som stjälpa deras individuella utveckling.

  • 63.
    Ahlgren, Inger
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik. Avdelningen för teckenspråk.
    Bergman, Brita
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik. Avdelningen för teckenspråk.
    Det svenska teckenspråket2006Ingår i: Teckenspråk och teckenspråkiga. Kunskaps och forskningsöpversikt: Betänkande av utredningen Översyn av teckenspråkets ställning, 2006, s. 11-70Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 64.
    Ahlgren, Katrin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkdidaktik.
    Migration narratives and (ethno)poetics2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 65.
    Ahlgren, Katrin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkdidaktik.
    Narrativa identiteter och levande metaforer i ett andraspråksperspektiv2014Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of two separate yet connected studies which investigate how some adult second language speakers of Swedish with various backgrounds reflect on their experiences of language use. The studies are based on the same empirical data, which consists of questionnaires, diaries, essays and observations, but primarily of conversations conducted with a time interval of six years. This data is analysed from a theoretical framework based on Paul Ricœur’s ideas of interpretation, narrative analysis and identity creation, which recur as a leitmotif throughout the thesis.

    In the first study, data from three second language speakers are analysed by means of the concept of narrative identity, shedding light on the interplay between a static and a dynamic identity. The result is presented in the form of life narratives, which are commented on in relation to those strategies the participants express in relation to their second language use. The analysis shows a development over time moving from defiance to acceptance, from avoidance to flexibility and from planning to simplification. Adult language learning stands out as an arduous and time-consuming process with major consequences for the learner’s ego, a conclusion confirmed and clarified in the metaphor analysis of the second study in which language learning is related to hard work, a constant struggle and a long and strenuous journey. Here it also becomes evident that the participants equate language learning and language use to physical exertion and challenge as well as to individual achievement. This becomes particularly clear in the linked chains of metaphors in which language use is compared with skiing down the steepest slopes or appearing on stage.

    The participants in both studies are quoted by means of an ethnopoetic method which aims to bring out the creative aspects of their language use and to give second language speakers a voice – a voice which does not need to be corrected and gives the narratives a new dimension.

  • 66.
    Ahlgren, Katrin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkdidaktik.
    "Språket – en biljett till frihet": narrativ identitet i en migrationskontext2016Ingår i: Nordand: nordisk tidsskrift for andrespråksforskning, ISSN 0809-9227, Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 143-173Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article highlights and discusses a young woman’s experience of language use and language development. The woman’s story, which spans a period of fifteen years, starts with her escape from Afghanistan and illustrates her socialisation into Swedish society. The analysis is based on Paul Ricœur’s theoretical framework that is grounded in hermeneutic and phenomenological traditions. Ricœur tries to capture our experiencesof being the same person though we are constantly changing, making his thoughts onstorytelling and identity creation interesting to apply to the experiences of migration. Drawing on the concept of narrative identity, the article points to how narration connects time, how it expresses ethical dimensions and how the woman, little by little, develops an increasingly transnational and inclusive identity. The value of studying new arrivals in a longitudinal perspective also becomes clear as the analysis includes crucial turning points in terms of attitudes and strategies in relation to second language use.

  • 67. Ahlstedt, Eva
    et al.
    Benson, KenStockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.Bladh, ElisabethSöhrman, IngmarÅkerström, Ulla
    Actes du XVIIIe congrès des romanistes scandinaves/Actas del XVIII congreso de romanistas escandinavos2012Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    These papers were originally presented at the XVIIIe conference on Romance language research in Scandinavia that took place at the University of Gothenburg August 9–12, 2011, bringing together researchers from Danish, Finnish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Baltic, and Swedish universities. The subjects approached cover a broad range of areas within linguistics, translation studies, literary studies and didactics. The following specialists were invited as key-note speakers: Manuel Alberca, Philippe Gasparini, Zlatka Guentchéva, and Martin Maiden.

  • 68.
    Ahlström, Elin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    How do influencers portray companies on Instagram?: A multimodal discourse analysis on sponsored updates on the social media network Instagram2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The present thesis approaches the newly developed phenomenon of Influencer Marketing, with the aim to investigate the structure of influencer’s sponsored posts on the social media network Instagram. As people continuously express their opinions and feelings on social networking sites, this thesis analyses the textual and multimodal aspects of 18 posts from six influencers of two companies, namely Daniel Wellington and Na-kd, from the perspective of stance to distinguish similarities, differences and patterns concerning the structure of the posts and what these might imply regarding how a sponsored update marketing a product is structured. The results indicate that a common structure of how sponsored updates are generally constructed exists, but that the way they structure their posts does not depend on which company they are presenting, but rather how influencers structure their posts in general. Hence, there are similarities that conform to the influencers marketing both companies, for instance that the texts have roughly the same length and similar composition- both regarding the textual and the multimodal aspects. In addition, one important finding was the need of pragmatic competence to fully interpret how the influencer expresses stance, evaluation and positioning in the sponsored updates. To conclude, as Influencer Marketing provide a new way of communicating, I hope that other researchers continue to investigate Influencer Marketing on social media to contribute to the field of linguistics further. 

  • 69.
    Ahlström, Mette
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    Att jonglera med ord: Berättelser om språksituationen på en mångspråkig cirkusskola2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här uppsatsen görs en kvalitativ samtalsanalytisk analys av sammanlagt åtta narrativer. Dessa är hämtade ur intervjuer med en lärare och en elev vid Cirkus Cirkörs dåvarande utbildning Cirkuspiloterna - en internationell utbildning där lärare och elever ofta inte hade ett gemensamt språk att mötas i. Syftet med analysen är att synliggöra likheter och skillnader mellan hur läraren och eleven berättar berättelser om händelser som har att göra med den språkliga situationen på skolan - vilken funktion berättelserna har i respektive intervju, samt vilka attityder till språksituationen som speglas i narrativerna. Analysen visar att läraren, till skillnad från eleven, verkar ha en färdig berättelserepertoar och att berättelserna fungerar som exempel i lärarens argumentation. För eleven verkar istället berättelserna utgöra en resurs att resonera sig fram till svar på intervjufrågorna, och elevens berättelser ger ett intryck av att födas i ögonblicket snarare än att vara en del av ett etablerat berättande. Både lärarens och elevens narrativ genomsyras av tydligt positiva attityder till språksituationen på skolan, men analysen visar en mer medveten och aktiv uppskattning från lärarens sida.

  • 70.
    Ahmed, Kamal
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    In Pursuit of the Hero: Mythological Heroic Structures in J.K Rowling’s Harry Potter Series2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Criticism of J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series has maintained that its popularity stems from a well-marketed, repetitive and simple structure. However, this essay considers that this success derives from recognizable mythological heroic structures. The essay traces the protagonist’s development from the perspective of two different theories that contrast and complement each other in various ways, Otto Rank’s theory of the myth of the birth of the hero and Joseph Campbell’s theory of the monomyth. Campbell and Rank both hypothesize that hero myths are repetitive because they emerge from the subconscious of human kind. It can be seen in the tracing of the heroic development in Harry Potter that— although various aspects and features in the hero’s journey are followed in the narrative — the series does not strictly fit these theories. The result is a combination of different features from both theories, which modernizes the heroic myth that has pervaded human culture and history since time immemorial.

  • 71.
    Ahnfelt, Vigdis
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för spanska, portugisiska och latinamerikastudier. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för spanska, portugisiska och latinamerikastudier, avdelningen för spanska.
    La construcción del mundo posible en El jinete polaco de Antonio Muñoz Molina2003Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [es]

    Se estudia cómo se construyen los mundos posibles en la novela El jinete polaco de Antonio Muñoz Molina. El punto de partida se toma de la semiótica. El propósito es indagar de qué manera se crea la verosimilitud del mundo posible, y qué papel desempeñan los recursos técnicos, psicológicos y textuales de la narración. La hipótesis es que en dicha novela se presentan referencias político-históricas y socio-culturales de la realidad. Mediante la conexión entre dichas referencias y los personajes se indica el tiempo y el espacio de la historia como si se tratara de la vida real, a la vez que la iconografía y las creencias contribuyen a crear la verosimilitud. También se opina que algunos actantes se expresan a través del impacto que producen en los personajes, que la narración se lleva a cabo por varias voces narrativas, y que la imagen del mundo se completa mediante la focalización variada y la memoria colectiva. Se sostiene que existe una relación causal entre el amor, la memoria y la voluntad de narrar. Asimismo se opina que los sentidos de la vista, el oído y el olfato más las comparaciones, las descripciones y las frases largas se utilizan para visualizar el mundo posible de la obra.

  • 72.
    Ahnfelt, Vigdis
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för spanska, portugisiska och latinamerikastudier.
    La recuperación de la identidad en la novela Sefarad de Antonio Muñoz Molina2008Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study is to examine the signification of identitary discourses in the novel Sefarad: Una novela de novelas by Antonio Muñoz Molina and determine to what extent these discourses represent and respond to identitary discourses in contemporary Spanish society. The analysis focuses on three principal questions: how is the narrative constructed, what is conveyed as a result, and what is the aim of the narrative.

    Identity is understood as a social construction, an individual and continuous process of assuming, defining, negotiating and maintaining cultural identities, elements of the surrounding world that provide the individual with a sense of meaning (Fromm 1956; Castiñeira 2005; Marsella 2008).

    The novel consists of different stories that manifest the social impact of the totalitarian regimes in Europe during the twentieth century, told by a diversity of voices. First, the analysis deals with the structure of the text, examined through the model of mise en abyme (Dällenbach 1989). Secondly, the significations of transition, transgression (Lotman 1978) and, analogically, stigmatization are deduced (Goffman 1972), processes that are related to the effects of the frontier as a metaphor (Pratt Ewing 1998) and to limit situations (Jaspers 1974). Thirdly, the study stresses the representation of the past, in which trauma, melancholy and mourning are significant (Benjamin 1992; Freud 1986).

    The conclusions confirm the claim that the novel corresponds to humanity’s treasure of suffering (Leidschatz), a cultural possession that thematizes the processes of memory and oblivion (Assmann 1999), represented through stories told by the victims of intolerance at different levels. The text is accordingly conceived as a mirror through which the narrator constructs his identity as a writer and transmits meaning to the reader by providing the opportunity to reflect upon identity issues today.

  • 73.
    Aho, Sirkka
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för didaktik och pedagogiskt arbete.
    Westergren, Jessica
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för didaktik och pedagogiskt arbete.
    Språkutvecklande högläsning: En undersökande studie i hur tre lärare arbetar med högläsning i förberedelseklasser2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna fallstudie är en undersökning om lärares arbeten med högläsning för de elever som är nyanlända till Sverige. Undersökningens syfte var att ta reda på hur tre lärare arbetar med högläsning i förberedelseklasser och på vilka sätt det arbetet var språkutvecklande. I vår forskning har vi ett lärarperspektiv och vi belyser lärarnas tankar genom intervjuer och deras arbetssätt genom observationer. Undersökningens slutsatser handlar i stort om vikten av att bearbeta texter före, under och efter högläsningen samt att läraren har en aktuell kompetens. Rapporten avslutas med ett nytt begrepp som vi ser behovet av när det gäller flerspråkiga elever och högläsning samt förslag på vidare forskning som vi gärna skulle vilja ta del av.

  • 74.
    Ahokas, Oona
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    He or She or They: Generic pronoun use among Finnish and Swedish L2 speakers of English2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of pronouns by native Finnish and Swedish L2 speakers of English was tested in order to discover a possible cross-linguistic transfer. The participants were tasked to refer to gender-ambiguous antecedents in both oral and written form as well as report their attitudes towards issues regarding gendered language and gender in society. The hypotheses were that either the gender-neutrality of Finnish would cause the Finnish participants to use more neutral pronouns or that the Swedish speakers would be more neutral because they are more familiar with the issue of gendered pronouns than the Finns. No statistically significant difference was found between the groups regarding the neutrality of pronouns, but there were some statistically significant differences between the occurrences of gender neutral pronouns (p=.0001). There was also a statistically significant difference in the attitudes (p=.0016); the Swedes were more in favor of gender-inclusive language and aware of gender discrimination in society. The results of the study bear implications to the importance of early gender inclusive language education.

  • 75.
    Ahola, Ulrika
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Thackeray's Vanity Fair and Commodities in Circulation2011Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    While William Thackeray’s Vanity Fair is a satire, a humoristic account of the vanities of the different characters in the fictitious society of Vanity Fair, it is also a social criticism of early nineteenth century British society. The essay examines Thackeray’s social critique, which is sometimes explicitly expressed and sometimes more implicit. His criticism is aimed both at the new commodity culture where everything is reducible to money—even people and human relations—and at the class system of the up-and-coming middle classes and the established gentry and aristocracy. When Thackeray sends Becky Sharpe off in a vain pursuit of wealth and social status, he also uses her to expose the vanities of the other characters in Vanity Fair. Their vanities derive from the prevailing commodity culture and are mainly connected to wealth and social status. The essay discusses Becky’s progress from a sociological perspective through the theories of Pierre Bourdieu. His concepts of field, habitus, capital and distinction deal with the power structure in society and what distinguishes different social classes.  Here his theories are used to demonstrate how the different characters in Vanity Fair engage in competition for social status, by using their different forms of capital, and the essay emphasizes the convertibility of these kinds of capital. Bourdieu’s theories contribute to the understanding of how Becky who comes from nowhere, manages to climb to very top rung of the social ladder, but they also demonstrate that her chameleon-like ability to fit in everywhere is an exception to Bourdieu’s general model. 

  • 76.
    Ahrfeldt, Cecilia
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Space and Infelicitous Place in the Poetry of Sylvia Plath2011Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Sylvia Plath’s poetry has received considerable critical attention with respect to a wide range of themes and critical approaches. Variously labeled feminist, political, mythical and suicidal, Plath has been subject to enormous biographical scrutiny but the critical responses available today offer increasingly nuanced understandings of Plath’s work.  However, sufficient attention has not been given to the significant prevalence of images of places and spaces in Plath’s poetry. With particular focus on a selection of poems from The Collected Poems, this thesis argues that the personae in the poems confront “infelicitous places” and that the poems resonate with a tension between place (here referring to a space that is delimited by certain values) and space (in the sense of an expansion without the restrictions of place). What I here refer to as infelicitous place can be understood as an inversion of Gaston Bachelard’s conception of “felicitous space” and accounts for the way in which places in Plath’s poetry are marred with anxiety and ambivalence as opposed to Bachelard’s benevolent, protective spaces. The places and spaces in the poems are dealt with in relation to the notion of infelicitous place, as well as the significance of walls and the affinity between place and poetics.

  • 77.
    Aili, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk. Latin.
    Alfonso's Editorial Work in the Liber ad reges: a Pitfall for Vernacular Translators?2000Ingår i: The Translation of the Works of St. Birgitta of Sweden: into the Medieval Vernaculars, 2000, s. 264-Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 78.
    Aili, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk. Latin.
    Caesar's Elks: and Other Mythical Creatures of the Hercynian Forest1995Ingår i: Symbolae Septentrionales: Latin Studies Presented to Jan Öberg, Sällskapet Runica et Mediaevalia, Stockholm , 1995, s. 384-Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 79.
    Aili, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk, Avdelningen för klassiska språk.
    Caesar's elks: interpolation, myth, or fact?2009Ingår i: Eranos, ISSN 0013-9947, Vol. 105, s. 4-17Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 80.
    Aili, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Gladiatorernas uttågsmarsch: Frank Heller och Italien under andra världskriget2016Ingår i: Frank Heller och Italien / [ed] Dag Hedman, Lund: pelotard press , 2016, s. 79-136Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Gunnar Martin Serner (1886-1947) skrev under pseudonymen Frank Heller romaner och noveller inom genren underhållningslitteratur, samt reseskildringar, men var även Vecko-Journalens korrespondent i Italien åren 1939-1943. Reportageserien gav upphov till reseberättelsen Gladiatorernas uttågsmarsch (Stockholm 1943). 

  • 81.
    Aili, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk.
    Handskrifterna till Birgittas revelationer2003Ingår i: Birgitta av Vadstena: Pilgrim och profet 1303-1373. En jubileumsbok 2003, Natur och Kultur, Stockholm , 2003, s. 429-Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 82.
    Aili, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk. Klassiska språk.
    Inflexible Roman Women: The Case of Lucretia2008Ingår i: Hortus troporum: Florilegium in honorem Gunillae Iversen, 2008, s. 327-342Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 83.
    Aili, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för orientaliska språk.
    Murus Sinensis 1694 and De magno Sinarum imperio 1697: Notes on the Two First Swedish Academic Treatises on China2009Ingår i: Chinese Culture and Globalization: History and Challenges for the 21st Century: Proceedings from the Nordic Association for China Studies Conference in Stockholm, 2007, 2009, s. 99-119Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 84.
    Aili, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk.
    Ne memoria nostri pereat: Rhetoric and Preoccupation with Oblivion in a King's Last Will2000Ingår i: Tongues and Texts Unlimited: Studies in Honour of Tore Janson on the Occasion of his Sixtieth Anniversary, Institutionen för klassiska språk, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm , 2000Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 85.
    Aili, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Petrus Artedis Ichthyologia, Leiden 1738: Et ryktbart men föga känt pionjärverk inom naturvetenskaperna2017Ingår i: Humanitas: Festskrift till Arne Jönsson / [ed] Astrid M. H. Nilsson, Aske Damtoft Poulsen, Johanna Svensson, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2017, s. 577-590Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Peter Artedi (1705-1735) was a Swedish doctor, naturalist, and author of Ichthyologia (Leiden 1738), a book enjoying the reputation of being a pioneering work that has never been translated into any vernacular language. This paper demonstrates Artedi's innovative and consistent method of work through a Swedish translation of his treatment of one sincle species, Clupea maxilla inferiore longiore, maculis nigris carens "Strömming" in Volumes III, IV, and V of Ichthyologia. These three instalments are compared with the article on Clupea Harengus (Linn. 1758), "Herring", authored by Sir Francis Willughby (1636-1672) and John Ray (1627-1705), both of the Royal Society of London.

  • 86.
    Aili, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk. Latin.
    Sancta Birgitta Reuelaciones: Book IV1992Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 87.
    Aili, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk. Latin.
    Sancta Birgitta Reuelaciones: Book VIII2002Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 88.
    Aili, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk. Latin.
    St. Birgitta and the Text of the Revelationes: A Survey of Some Influences Traceable to Translators and Editors1986Ingår i: The Editing of Theological and Philosophical Texts from the Middle Ages: Acts of the Conference Arranged by the Department of Classical Languages, University of Stockholm, 29-31 August 1984, 1986Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 89.
    Aili, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk, Avdelningen för klassiska språk.
    The latinity of Bero Magni2011Ingår i: Swedish students at the University of Vienna in the Middle Ages / [ed] Olle Ferm and Erika Kihlman, Stockholm: Sällskapet Runica et Mediaevalia , 2011, s. 245-251Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 90.
    Aili, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk, Avdelningen för klassiska språk.
    The Manuscripts of Revelaciones S. Birgittae2009Ingår i: Santa Brigida, Napoli, l'Italia: atti del convegno di studi italo-svedese, Santa Maria Capua Vetere, 10-11 maggio 2006 / [ed] Olle Ferm, Alessandra Perriccioli Saggese, Marcello Rotili, Napoli: Arte tipografica , 2009, s. 153-160Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 91.
    Aili, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för orientaliska språk.
    Zhongguo changcheng: Ruidian shoupian youguan Zhongguo de xueshu lunwen2007Ingår i: Kua wenhua duihua. 21 ji = 跨文化对话 = Dialogue transculturel: Zhongguo-Ruidian wenhua hao = 中国 - 瑞典文化号, Nanjing: Jiangsu renmin chubanshe , 2007, Vol. 21, s. 65-85Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    År 1694 disputerade Jonas Locnaeus på sin avhandling Murus Sinensis vid Uppsala universitet. Avhandlingen redovisar den kunskap som - huvudsakligen tack vare jesuiternas insatser - vid den tiden fanns om den kinesiska muren.

  • 92. Aili, Hans
    et al.
    Ferm, OlleGustavson, Helmer
    Röster från svensk medeltid1990Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 93.
    Aili, Hans
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Ferm, Olle
    Gustavson, Helmer
    Bäärnhielm, Göran
    Fritz, Birgitta
    Gejrot, Claes
    Härdelin, Alf
    Lindkvist, Thomas
    Odelman, Eva
    Rahmqvist, Sigurd
    Svanberg, Jan
    Tegnér, Göran
    Inledning. Latinet i medeltidens Sverige1990Ingår i: Röster från svensk medeltid: Latinska texter i original och översättning / [ed] Hans Aili, Olle Ferm, Helmer Gustavson, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 1990Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 94.
    Aili, Hans
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Pietsch, Theodore W
    University of Washington, Seattle.
    Jacob Theodor Klein's Critique of Peter Artedi's Ichthyologia (1738)2014Ingår i: Svenska Linnésällskapets årsskrift, ISSN 0375-2038, s. 39-84Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    An anonymous critique of Peter Artedi’s (1705‒1735) Ichthyologia sive opera omnia de piscibus, the latter edited and published posthumously by Carolus Linnaeus (1707‒ 1778) in 1738, is shown to have been written by the Prussian jurist and naturalist Jacob Theodor Klein (1685‒1759), and sent to Hans Sloane (1660−1753) in London for his approval. The critique is transcribed and translated, and its contents assessed in light of Artedi’s contribution to Linnaean systematics. While in some ways highly critical of Artedi, Klein must have been well aware that by criticizing Artedi he was, by association, criticizing Linnaeus as well. Linnaeus’s editorial contributions to the Ichthyologia as well as his on-going antagonistic relationship with Klein are also discussed.

  • 95.
    Aili, Hans
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk.
    Svanberg, Jan
    Konstvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Imagines Sanctae Birgittae: The Earliest Illuminated Manuscripts and Panel Paintings Related to the Revelations of St. Birgitta of Sweden2003Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 96.
    Ainiala, Terhi
    et al.
    Helsinki University.
    Mesch, Johanna
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för teckenspråk.
    Henkilönnimet viittomakielessä (Arv. teos: Henkilöviittomien synty ja kehitys suomalaisessa viittomakieliyhteisössä/ Päivi Rainò - Helsinki 2004)2005Ingår i: Virittäjä, ISSN 0042-6806-109, Vol. 109, nr 141–144Artikel, recension (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 97.
    Airey, John
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för matematikämnets och naturvetenskapsämnenas didaktik. Linnæus University, Sweden.
    CLIL: Combining Language and Content: Tarja Nikula, Emma Dafouz, Pat Moore and Ute Smit (Eds.). CONCEPTUALISING INTEGRATION IN CLIL AND MULTILINGUAL EDUCATION (2016), Bristol: Multilingual Matters2017Ingår i: ESP Today, ISSN 2334-9050, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 297-302Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 98.
    Airey, John
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för matematikämnets och naturvetenskapsämnenas didaktik. Uppsala University, Sweden; Linneaus University, Sweden.
    Disciplinary Literacy: Theorising the Specialized Use of Language and other Modes in University Teaching and Learning2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this presentation I use the work of Basil Bernstein (Bernstein, 1990, 1999, 2000) to discuss the role of disciplinary differences in university teaching and learning.  Drawing from my own work on the theme of disciplinary literacy (Airey, 2012, 2013; Airey & Linder, 2008, 2011) I argue that all university lecturers are teachers of disciplinary literacy—even in monolingual settings. 

    I define disciplinary literacy as appropriate participation in the communicative practices of the discipline (Airey, 2011a, 2011b)and suggest that disciplinary literacy is developed for three specific sites (academy, workplace and society). I will illustrate the multilingual and multimodal nature of disciplinary literacy with empirical evidence from a comparative study of the disciplinary literacy goals of Swedish and South African physics lecturers (Linder, Airey, Mayaba, & Webb, 2014). 

    Finally, I will conclude by demonstrating how two of Bernstein’s dichotomies: disciplinary knowledge structures (hierarchical vs horizontal) and disciplinary classification (singular vs region) can be used together with the disciplinary literacy triangle to better understand the literacy goals of particular disciplines.

  • 99.
    Airey, John
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för matematikämnets och naturvetenskapsämnenas didaktik. Uppsala University, Sweden.
    EMI, CLIL, EAP: What’s the difference?2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this presentation I will examine the differences between the terms EMI (English Medium Instruction, CLIL (Content and Language Integrated Learning and EAP (English for Academic Purposes). I will also discuss what it means to become disciplinary literate in a first, second and third language.

  • 100. Airey, John
    et al.
    Lauridsen, Karen M.
    Räsänen, Anne
    Salö, Linus
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Schwach, Vera
    The expansion of English-medium instruction in the Nordic countries: Can top-down university language policies encourage bottom-up disciplinary literacy goals?2017Ingår i: Higher Education, ISSN 0018-1560, E-ISSN 1573-174X, Vol. 73, nr 4, s. 561-576Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, in the wake of the Bologna Declaration and similar international initiatives, there has been a rapid increase in the number of university courses and programmes taught through the medium of English. Surveys have consistently shown the Nordic countries to be at the forefront of this trend towards English-medium instruction (EMI). In this paper, we discuss the introduction of EMI in four Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden). We present the educational setting and the EMI debate in each of these countries and summarize relevant research findings. We then make some tentative suggestions for the introduction of EMI in higher education in other countries. In particular, we are interested in university language policies and their relevance for the day-to-day work of faculty. We problematize one-size-fits-all university language policies, suggesting that in order for policies to be seen as relevant they need to be flexible enough to take into account disciplinary differences. In this respect, we make some specific suggestions about the content of university language policies and EMI course syllabuses. Here we recommend that university language policies should encourage the discussion of disciplinary literacy goals and require course syllabuses to detail disciplinaryspecific language-learning outcomes.

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