Endre søk
Begrens søket
1011121314 601 - 650 of 688
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Treff pr side
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
Merk
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 601.
    Tiselius, Elisabet
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Tolk- och översättarinstitutet. Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Norway.
    Exploring cognitive aspects of competence in signed language interpreting: First impressions2018Inngår i: Hermes - Journal of Language and Communication Studies, ISSN 0904-1699, E-ISSN 1903-1785, nr 57, s. 49-61Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Sign language interpreting of dialogues shares many features with the interpreting of dialogues between non-signed languages. We argue that from a cognitive perspective in dialogue interpreting, despite some differences between the two types of interpreting, sign language interpreters use many of the same processes and handle similar challenges as interpreters between non-signed languages. We report on a first exploration of process differences in sign language interpreting between three novice and three experienced Swedish Sign Language interpreters. The informants all interpreted the same dialogue and made a retrospection of their interpreting immediately after the task. Retrospections were analyzed using tools for identifying reported processing problems, instances of monitoring, and strategy use (see Ivanova 1999). Furthermore, the interpreting products (both into Swedish Sign Language and into Swedish) and their differences were qualitatively analyzed. The results indicate that there are differences between the two groups, both in terms of the retrospective reports and in terms of the interpreting product. As expected, monitoring seems to be a factor determined by experience. The experienced interpreters seemed to have more efficient ways of handling turn taking and the internalization of new vocabulary. The study also concludes that to use instruments devised for simultaneous conference interpreting (Ivanova 1999; Tiselius 2013), the instruments need to be adapted to the dialogue setting, even though in the case of sign language interpreting the simultaneous interpreting technique is used even in dialogue interpreting.

  • 602.
    Tiselius, Elisabet
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Tolk- och översättarinstitutet. Wester Norway University of Applied Sciences, Norway.
    The (un-) ethical interpreting researcher: ethics, voice and discretionary power in interpreting research2019Inngår i: Perspectives: studies in translatology, ISSN 0907-676X, E-ISSN 1747-6623, Vol. 27, nr 5, s. 747-760Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses different aspects of research ethics, the researcher’s voice and discretionary power in interpreting studies. Research ethics is laid down in international conventions, which in turn are reflected in national regulations and ethical vetting. Discretionary power is understood as the leeway for making conscientious decisions within the rules and regulations governing a certain field. Although research ethics in interpreting has as yet received little scholarly attention, it is important that the field discusses aspects such as informed consent and the collection, analysis and reporting of data. This article uses three case studies to discuss how researchers can handle such ethical issues. Interpreting researchers often are or have been active interpreters, and this is yet another potential challenge for the field. Such duality potentially means that the researcher needs to navigate two ethical systems, that of the interpreter and that of the researcher – systems that may come into conflict with each other. It may also entail the risk of the researcher’s voice taking over the participants’ narrative.

  • 603.
    Tiselius, Elisabet
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Tolk- och översättarinstitutet. Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Norway.
    Albl-Mikasa, Michaela
    Introduction: Cognitive processes in dialogue interpreting2019Inngår i: Translation, Cognition & Behaviour, ISSN 2542-5277, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 233-239Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 604.
    Tiselius, Elisabet
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Tolk- och översättarinstitutet.
    Englund Dimitrova, Birgitta
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Tolk- och översättarinstitutet.
    Asymmetrical language proficiency in dialogue interpreters: Methodological issues2019Inngår i: Translation, Cognition and Behaviour, ISSN 2542-5277, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 305-322Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Language proficiency of dialogue interpreters, who typically work in the public service sector, is an under-researched area. Contrary to conference interpreters, for dialogue interpreters there is no generally accepted definition of proficiency levels of working languages. This article discusses language proficiency in dialogue interpreting. It presents a methodological problem, namely, how to define and determine a given interpreter’s stronger and weaker working language. In our article we discuss different methods for determining the individual interpreter’s stronger and weaker working languages, such as self-assessment, demographic, socio-linguistic questionnaire and test score (Dialang). We conclude that there is a need for more research into this area.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Tiselius Englund Dimitrova 2019
  • 605.
    Toth, Jeanette
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkdidaktik.
    Stakeholder beliefs in English-medium instruction for young learners in Sweden2018Inngår i: Apples - Journal of Applied Language Studies, ISSN 1457-9863, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 37-54Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    While several studies have investigated English-medium instruction (EMI) or content and language integrated learning (CLIL) in Swedish upper secondary and tertiary education, few have investigated such programmes in Swedish primary schools. This paper explores perceptions among staff and students about affordances and constraints in the learning of content and languages, drawing on data from a larger longitudinal case study of an English-Swedish bilingual primary class during Grades 4-6. Data consisted of semi-structured interviews with a school leader, 12 teachers and 22 students as well as fieldnotes and photographs from classroom observations. Thematic analysis of the data revealed the belief among staff that learners acquired English naturally by being ‘forced’ to use it in English-medium subjects taught by native speakers of English. The use of Swedish among students in these subjects was generally seen as a potential scaffold when communicative difficulties arose, as students who were more proficient in English could translate and provide their classmates with explanations of difficult concepts in Swedish. However, staff and students nonetheless voiced concerns about students’ content learning as well as about limited development of subject-specific language in Swedish, which could have implications for their future Swedish-medium studies. Meanwhile, although multilingual students’ mother tongues were valued by the students themselves, participants did not acknowledge them as legitimate learning resources for use in the mainstream classroom, where only English and Swedish were allowed to be used in interaction.

  • 606.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    Analytical expressions for the tonotopic sensory scale1990Inngår i: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, ISSN 0001-4966, E-ISSN 1520-8524, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, ISSN 0001-4966, Vol. 88, nr 1, s. 97-100Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Accuracy and simplicity of analytical expressions for the relations between frequency and critical bandwidth as well as critical-band rate (in Bark) are assessed for the purpose of applications in speech perception research and in speech technology. The equivalent rectangular bandwidth (ERB) is seen as a measure of frequency resolution, while the classical critical-band rate is considered a measure of tonotopic position. For the conversion of frequency to critical-band rate, and vice versa, the inversible formula z=[26.81/(1+1960/f )]–0.53 is proposed. Within the frequency range of the perceptually essential vowel formants (0.2–6.7 kHz), it agrees to within ±0.05 Bark with the Bark scale, originally published in the form of a table.

  • 607.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    Articulatory and perceptual factors controlling the age- and sex-conditioned variability in formant frequencies of vowels1984Inngår i: Speech Communication, ISSN 0167-6393, E-ISSN 1872-7182, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 49-61Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Speech sounds, as heard by listeners, contain phonetic, personal, and transmission information. The differences between the formant frequencies of vowels spoken by men, women, and children show a fairly uniform tendency in several studies and languages, and they are regarded as personal quality differences. The differences between the sexes are mainly due to the descent of the larynx in males during puberty. The observed tendency in female/male formant frequency ratios is reproduced in a calculation taking into account the physiological consequences of larynx descent and assuming that the vowel specific neural commands to the articulators remain unchanged. The perception of phonetic quality is seen as a process of tonotopic gestalt recognition. The tonality (=critical-band rate) distances between the formants in phonetically identical vowels are claimed and shown to be invariant as long as they are smaller than 6 Bark. The absolute position of the formants allows personal variation. The tonality distance between the first formant and the fundamental is smaller in most vowels spoken by women than in those by men and children. As for the role of the fundamental in this connection, some alternative hypotheses are discussed.

  • 608.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    Conventional, biological and environmental factors in speech communication: a modulation theory.1994Inngår i: Phonetica, ISSN 0031-8388, E-ISSN 1423-0321, Vol. 51, nr 1-3, s. 170-83Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Speech signals contain various types of information that can be grouped under the headings phonetic, affective, personal, and transmittal. Listeners are capable of distinguishing these. Previous theories of speech perception have not considered this fully. They have mainly been concerned with problems relating to phonetic quality alone. The theory presented in this paper considers speech signals as the result of allowing conventional gestures to modulate a carrier signal that has the personal characteristics of the speaker. This implies that in general the conventional information can only be retrieved by demodulation. In order to perceive the phonetic quality of a speech signal, listeners evaluate the deviations of the properties of the signal (F0, formant frequencies, etc.) from those they expect of a neutral vocalization produced by the speaker with properties given by his age, sex, vocal effort, speech rate, etc. In degraded speech signals, this is shown to result in a perceptual bias towards neutral vowels. It is also argued that speech is perceived on the basis of compatibility testing (and not by optimal matching), so that listeners will hear what they expect to hear as long as they do not notice any counter evidence in the signal.

  • 609.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    Der Vokalismus im Ostmittelbairischen1982Inngår i: Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik, ISSN 0044-1449, E-ISSN 2366-2395, Vol. 49, nr 3, s. 289-333Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 610.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik. Fonetik.
    Die spektrale Auflösung bei der Wahrnehmung der Klangfarbe von Vokalen1984Inngår i: Acta Acoustica united with Acustica, ISSN 1610-1928, E-ISSN 1861-9959, Vol. 54, s. 237-246Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The distances between neighbouring partials of vowels are in many cases larger than the bendwidths of the formants and also often larger than the critical bandwidth (1 Bark). Several results of different experiments with synthetic one- and two-formant vowels suggest that an efficient bandwidth of resolution of roughly 3 Bark is basic to the perception of spectral features of vowels. A corresponding spectral dispersion or integration did not, however, appear in experiments with non-speech harmonic sounds. K. Benedini investigated the timbre differences between harmonic sounds with up to six harmonics of 100 Hz. An analysis of the estimated timbre differences shows that both the bandwidth of resolution and the perceptual weight of the partials is proportional to their frequency. The weight of the fundamental is, however, substantially increased in comparisons between residual and complete harmonic sounds. Further, the perceived difference between two sounds turns out to be dependent on the remaining sounds presented in a perceptual experiment. The timbre differences between low-passed harmonic sounds of different width can be accounted for exclusively on the basis of the tono-topical distances between the upper flanks of these sounds. It is concluded that the judgement of differences in timble involves the prior extraction, induced by context, of relevant dimensions. The bandwidth of spectral resolution that appears with the perception of vowel-like sounds may in part be due to an intrincsic inacuity to the phonetic templates supposedly stored in memory.

  • 611.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    Lippenrundung bei schwedischen Vokalen1979Inngår i: Phonetica, ISSN 0031-8388, Vol. 36, nr 1, s. 44-56Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Is there a steady transition between unrounded, 'outrounded', and 'inrounded' Swedish vowels, or are these distinct categories? By which articulatory parameters can these distinctions be described? These questions, actualised through confusion data in speechreading, are answered by means of articulatory measurements of lip-opening, lip-protrusion, and jaw-lowering in 4 subjects. It is found, i.a., that rounded and unrounded vowels form clearly separated categories, and that inrounded vowels, including /o/, are distinguished from outrounded ones by their smaller lip-opening and, if long, by increased lowering of the jaw.

  • 612.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    Perceptual dimension of openness in vowels.1981Inngår i: J Acoust Soc Am, ISSN 0001-4966, Vol. 69, nr 5, s. 1465-75Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 613.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    Eriksson, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    Acoustic effects of variation in vocal effort by men, women, and children.2000Inngår i: J Acoust Soc Am, ISSN 0001-4966, Vol. 107, nr 6, s. 3438-51Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The acoustic effects of the adjustment in vocal effort that is required when the distance between speaker and addressee is varied over a large range (0.3-187.5 m) were investigated in phonated and, at shorter distances, also in whispered speech. Several characteristics were studied in the same sentence produced by men, women, and 7 year-old boys and girls: duration of vowels and consonants, pausing and occurrence of creaky voice, mean and range of F0, certain formant frequencies (F1 in [a] and F3), SPL of voiced segments and [s], and spectral emphasis. In addition to levels and emphasis, vowel duration, F0, and F1 were substantially affected. “Vocal effort” was defined as the communicational distance estimated by a group of listeners for each utterance. Most of the observed effects correlated better with this measure than with the actual distance, since some additional factors affected the speakers’ choice. Differences between speaker groups emerged in segment durations, pausing behavior, and in the extent to which the SPL of [s] was affected. The whispered versions are compared with the phonated versions produced by the same speakers at the same distance. Several effects of whispering are found to be similar to those of increasing vocal effort.

  • 614.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    Eriksson, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    The perceptual evaluation of F0 excursions in speech as evidenced in liveliness estimations.1995Inngår i: J Acoust Soc Am, ISSN 0001-4966, Vol. 97, nr 3, s. 1905-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to learn how listeners evaluate F0 excursions, a set of experiments was performed in which subjects had to estimate the liveliness of utterances. The stimuli were obtained by LPC analysis of one natural utterance that was modified by resynthesizing F0 , the formant frequencies, and the time scale in order to simulate some of the natural extra- and paralinguistic variations that affect F0 and/or liveliness, namely the speaker's age, sex, articulation rate, and voice register. In each case, the extent of the F0 excursions was varied in seven steps. The results showed that, as long as the stimuli appeared to have been produced in the modal register (of men, women, and children), listeners judged F0 intervals to be equivalent if they were equal in semitones. When the voice register was shifted without adjustment in articulation , listeners appeared to judge the F0 excursions in relation to the spectral space available below F1 . The liveliness ratings were found to be strongly dependent on articulation rate and to be affected by the perceived age of the speaker which, with the manipulated stimuli used here, turned out to be significantly affected by the sex of the listener.

  • 615.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    Krull, Diana
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik.
    The effect of local speaking rate on the perception of quantity in Estonian.2003Inngår i: Phonetica, ISSN 0031-8388, Vol. 60, nr 3, s. 187-207Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Estonian language with its elaborate system of contrasts in quantity, whose essentials are described in the paper, is used to investigate human perception of distinctive contrasts in the duration of vowels, consonants and larger units. In the experiments reported, the speaking rate of a preceding or following syllable was manipulated in addition to that of a target V, C or VC sequence that carried a quantity distinction in disyllabic words. The results confirmed that the second syllable in such words, in particular the duration of its vowel, serves as a reference, but they showed segments of additional syllables to contribute in the same direction. The results provided no support for ascribing quantity to any larger units than phonetic segments. Speech rate effects of similar magnitude have been observed in Japanese, while effects of the same kind were found to be smaller in Dutch. These differences may be linked with the functions durational contrasts have in the different languages. It appears that listeners have to adapt more fully to variations in the local speaking rate when there are no additional cues and the functional load of quantity distinctions is high.

  • 616.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för fonetik.
    Lacerda, Francisco
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för fonetik.
    Perceptual relativity in identification of two-formant vowels1987Inngår i: Speech Communication, ISSN 0167-6393, E-ISSN 1872-7182, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 143-157Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    It is attempted to reduce the phonetic quality of vowels to the positions of the peaks in their tonotopical spectra relative to the other peaks, simultaneous or preceding in context. Synthetic two-formant vowels were identified by speakers of languages that differentiate richly among high vowels (Swedish, Turkish). The parameters F1 (204-801 Hz) and F2' (509-3702 Hz) were systematically varied in steps of 0.75 critical bandwidth. F0 was kept close below F1 in all vowels. These were presented in two orders with subsequently rising or falling F2'. Most subjects heard predominantly close vowels. The "isophones" of most subjects could be described in a uniform manner implying a normalization with respect to two reference points, one at a distance of 3 critical bands above F0 and the other one at an absolute position corresponding to 2.8 kHz. It is speculated that this second reference point might represent a default position of the third formant or the like.

  • 617.
    Traunmüller, Hartmut
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för fonetik.
    Öhrström, Niklas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för fonetik.
    Audiovisual perception of openness and lip rounding in front vowels2007Inngår i: Journal of Phonetics, Vol. 35, s. 244-258Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish nonsense syllables /gig/, /gyg/, /geg/ and /gøg/, produced by four speakers, were video-recorded and presented to male and female subjects in auditory, visual and audiovisual mode and also in cross-dubbed audiovisual form with incongruent cues to vowel openness, roundedness, or both. With audiovisual stimuli, subjects perceived openness nearly always by ear. Most subjects perceived roundedness by eye rather than by ear although the auditory conditions were optimal and the sensation was an auditory one. This resulted in fused percepts such as when an acoustic /geg/ dubbed onto an optic /gyg/ was predominantly perceived as /gøg/. Since the acoustic cues to openness are prominent, while those to roundedness are less reliable, this lends support to the “information reliability hypothesis” in multisensory perception: The perception of a feature is dominated by the modality that provides the more reliable information. A mostly male minority relied less on vision. The between-gender difference was significant. Presence of lip rounding (a visibly marked feature) was noticed more easily than its absence. The influence of optic information was not fully explicable on the basis of the subjects’ success rates in lipreading compared with auditory perception. It was highest in stimuli produced by a speaker who smiled.

  • 618.
    Uhlén, Inger
    et al.
    Hörselkliniken, Karolinska universitetssjukhuset.
    Bergman, Brita
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik. Avdelningen för teckenspråk.
    Eriksson, Christina
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik. Avdelningen för teckenspråk.
    Cecilgård, Margareta
    Hägg, Åsa
    Tvåspråkighet - en jämförande studie2007Inngår i: Audio-Nytt, ISSN 0347-6308, Vol. 34, nr 1-2, s. 12-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 619.
    Uhlén, Inger
    et al.
    Karolinska universitetssjukhuset i Huddinge.
    Bergman, Brita
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik. Avdelningen för teckenspråk.
    Hägg, Åsa
    Karolinska universitetssjukhuset i Huddinge.
    Eriksson, Christina
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik. Avdelningen för teckenspråk.
    Tvåspråkighet avseende tidig parallell tal- och teckenspråksutveckling hos barn med hörselskada eller dövhet.2005Inngår i: Logopednytt, nr 6, s. 12-16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 620.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Another look at spatial prepositions and the modification problem2013Inngår i: Iberia: An International Journal of Theoretical Linguistics, ISSN 1989-8525, E-ISSN 1989-8525, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 1-40Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of this paper is to propose a unification of two strands of research within the semantics of spatial prepositions. The first strand focuses on the so-called modification problem, which can be stated as follows. Some, but not all spatial prepositions can be modified by measure phrases, such as ten meters (e.g. ten meters in front of the car). The second strand focuses on so-called prepositional aspect, in particular the fact that some but not all spatial prepositions can occur with the temporal adverbial phrase in one hour (e.g. to). A simple unified syntactic and semantic approach of aspect properties is offered, to account the data. This unified account is shown to explain and predict why telic/non-cumulative prepositions cannot combine with measure phrases (viz. *ten meters to the park). It is discussed whether prepositions that can combine with measure phrases, such as ten meters in front of the car and ten meters towards the car, have different lexical aspect properties, such as cumulativity and/or monotonicity. The answer is offered via a standard analysis of the distribution of these complex phrases with the temporal adverbs in one hour/for one hour. The consequences of the unified analysis are discussed in detail.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Iberia SPs
  • 621.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Ave' and Tene': Another look at auxiliary selection in Aquilan2014Inngår i: Dialectologia, ISSN 2013-2247, E-ISSN 2013-2247, nr 13, s. 115-143Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a unified approach on two poorly understood problems of auxiliary selection in the Aquilan dialect. The first problem pertains to the distribution of an auxiliary verb that denotes the notion of “possession”, tene’. The second problem pertains to the distribution of a more standard auxiliary verb, ave´, which denotes the notion of “existence” in compound tenses, in suppletive distribution with esse. A proposed solution is that the distribution of both auxiliary verbs can be accounted via a simple analysis of Aquilan’s person-driven agreement: how a verb interacts with its arguments. This analysis is based on a formal (type-logical) representation of Distributed Morphology combined with Type-Logical calculi, and shown to correctly account and predict the distribution of these auxiliary verbs.

  • 622.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Experimental Entailments: The Case of Spatial Prepositions2014Inngår i: Nordic Journal of English Studies, ISSN 1654-6970, E-ISSN 1654-6970, Vol. 13, nr 3, s. 112-138Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we present an experimental study on native speakers’ access to lexical relations among spatial relations. Our main focus is a still poorly understood domain: the lexical relations that hold between (pairs of) directional spatial prepositions (from, to) and locative prepositions (at). Two broad families of proposals exist in the literature. One family suggests that the members of these two classes of prepositions are connected via the entailment relation. Another family suggests that the overlap relation connects directional and locative prepositions. These two proposals differ with respect to the predictions they make on how speakers can accept and logically connect sentences that include such pairs of prepositions. We offer an experimental study, based on a variant of the Truth-Value Judgment Task, which aims to adjudicate which family of proposals makes the correct predictions. Then, we discuss the theoretical import of the results.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 623.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Metaphoric and Literal Readings for Spatial Prepositions: The Case of Boolean Phrases2015Inngår i: Language and Semiotic Studies, ISSN 2096-031X, Vol. 1, nr 3, s. 52-79Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an account of how literal and metaphoric readings of spatial prepositions in so-called “Boolean Phrases” can arise. The account aims to explain how metaphoric and literal readings can interact, when two (spatial) prepositional phrases are the arguments of one phrase headed by Boolean connectives and and or (e.g. in front of the car and over his problems). It is shown that these phenomena can receive a more thorough compositional analysis by assuming that both types of readings are part of a larger semantic domain for spatial prepositions, logical connectives and their combinations thereof.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 624.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    On the Syntax and Semantics of Haber and Tener2013Inngår i: Lingue e linguaggio, ISSN 1720-9331, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 89-120Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a novel approach on the syntax and semantics of the two spanish auxiliary verbs haber and tener and their distributional properties. It is argued that these verbs share key syntactic properties, but denote two different types of semantic relations. While tener denotes a property ascribed to the subject, haber only introduces the temporal reference of a sentence. This proposal on the semantics of tener and haber is then inserted in a broader proposal on auxiliary verbs, copulae and their distribution. It is shown that the current proposal can correctly account the distribution of tener and haber, and be seamlessly integrated with standard approaches to ser and estar.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 625.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    On The Syntax and Semantics of Spanish Spatial Prepositions2013Inngår i: Borealis: A journal of International Spanish Linguistics, ISSN 1893-3211, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 117-166Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 626.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen. 2Centre for Cognition and its Disorders (CCD), Macquarie University.
    The interpretation of Spatial 'At': An Experimental Study2013Inngår i: Journal of cognitive science, ISSN 1598-2327, Vol. 14, nr 1, s. 47-76Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an experimental study on the interpretation of the spatialpreposition at in adult speakers, based on a variant of the Truth ValueJudgment Task. It is shown that speakers can interpret at as denoting a spatialrelation that stands in the “lexical entailment” relation with other spatial prepositions(e.g. inside, in front of, on top of, behind). For instance, if multiplelocated entities are involved in this relation, then they may occupy locationsthat can be “internal”, “external”, or placed on different verses of the samedirection, e.g. in front or behind a certain landmark object. It is discussed whichsemantic hypothesis correctly predicts these findings, and what the implicationscould be, for a theory of spatial prepositions and their Semantics.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 627.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    WHICH MODEL OF BIOLOGICAL PLAUSIBILITY FOR LANGUAGE? THE CASE OF “WHAT DARWIN GOT WRONG”2013Inngår i: Language and information society, ISSN 1598-1886, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 103-139Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Darwin Language
  • 628.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Akagi, Nobuaki
    The interpretation of plural definites in discourse: the case of spatial prepositions2013Inngår i: Linguistics and the human sciences, ISSN 1742-2906, E-ISSN 1743-1662, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 201-226Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    n this paper we offer a study on the interpretation of plural definites in discourse (‘the tank engines’) and their interaction with spatial adpositions (‘to’ and ‘at’). The novel empirical findings in the paper support the following assumptions on the contribution of spatial adpositions to the interpretation of plural definites. First, the interpretation of plural definites can be influenced by the lexical aspect type of adpositions. While ‘to’ as ‘telic’ predicate can license both a ‘collective’ and a ‘distributive’ reading for plural definites, ‘at’ as an ‘atelic’ predicate only licenses a ‘collective’ reading. Second, the precise lexical content of adpositions determines which interpretation is accessed. It is claimed that ‘at’ denotes a ‘general location’ relation between locatum and landmark object, and thus licenses a collective reading for plural definites.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    The interpretation of plural definites in discourse
  • 629.
    Vafaeian, Ghazaleh
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Typology of nominal and adjectival suppletion2013Inngår i: Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung, ISSN 0942-2919, Vol. 66, nr 2, s. 112-140Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a sample-based typological account of suppletion in nouns and adjectives. The distribution of the grammatical categories involved in the suppletive forms is presented along with the lexical meanings most commonly found to be suppletive. It is demonstrated that nominal suppletion is not a rare phenomenon and most commonly involves the feature number followed by possession. The noun ‘child’ is the most common suppletive noun. In general, nouns referring to humans are more likely to be suppletive than others. The investigation shows that adjectival suppletion is less common than nominal suppletion and affects frequent adjectives with general meanings of the types value and size.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 630.
    Van Meerbergen, Sara
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för baltiska språk, finska och tyska, Avdelningen för nederländska.
    Dick Bruna in Zweedse vertaling: Een multimodale vertaalanalyse van kindbeelden2010Inngår i: Literatuur zonder leeftijd, ISSN 0929-8274, Vol. 24, nr 81, s. 47-60Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna artikel undersöks hur skilldringen av barnet ändras när en bilderbok om kaninen Miffy av nederländske Dick Bruna översätts till svenska. I artikel undersöks även hur en multimodal textanalys (Kress & van Leeuwen 2006) kan integreras som metod för att undersöka översättning av bilderböcker.

  • 631.
    Van Meerbergen, Sara
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för baltiska språk, finska och tyska, Avdelningen för nederländska.
    Nederlandse prentenboeken worden Zweeds: Een multimodale vertaalanalyse2011Inngår i: de Leeswelp, ISSN 1780-3845, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 32-35Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This article is written in Dutch and discusses some of the main issues in my doctoral thesis "Nederländska bilderböcker blir svenska. En multimodal översättningsanalys" (2010). The thesis deals with the translation of Dutch and Flemish picture books between 1995 and 2006. It includes a general bibliographical study and also a more detailed translation analysis about the Miffy-books by Dutch picture book artits Dick Bruna. In order to analyse how both words and images are translated, multimodal text analysis is integrated as a tool in the translation analysis.

  • 632.
    Vejdemo, Susanne
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Hörberg, Thomas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Semantic Factors Predict the Rate of Lexical Replacement of Content Words2016Inngår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, nr 1, artikkel-id e0147924Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The rate of lexical replacement estimates the diachronic stability of word forms on the basis of how frequently a proto-language word is replaced or retained in its daughter languages. Lexical replacement rate has been shown to be highly related to word class and word frequency. In this paper, we argue that content words and function words behave differently with respect to lexical replacement rate, and we show that semantic factors predict the lexical replacement rate of content words. For the 167 content items in the Swadesh list, data was gathered on the features of lexical replacement rate, word class, frequency, age of acquisition, synonyms, arousal, imageability and average mutual information, either from published databases or gathered from corpora and lexica. A linear regression model shows that, in addition to frequency, synonyms, senses and imageability are significantly related to the lexical replacement rate of content words–in particular the number of synonyms that a word has. The model shows no differences in lexical replacement rate between word classes, and outperforms a model with word class and word frequency predictors only.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Semantic Factors Predict the Rate of LexicalReplacement of Content Words
  • 633. Vejdemo-Johansson, Mikael
    et al.
    Vejdemo, Susanne
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Ek, Carl-Henrik
    Comparing Distributions of Color Words: Pitfalls and Metric Choices2014Inngår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. e89184-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Computational methods have started playing a significant role in semantic analysis. One particularly accessible area for developing good computational methods for linguistic semantics is in color naming, where perceptual dissimilarity measures provide a geometric setting for the analyses. This setting has been studied first by Berlin & Kay in 1969, and then later on by a large data collection effort: the World Color Survey (WCS). From the WCS, a dataset on color naming by 2 616 speakers of 110 different languages is made available for further research. In the analysis of color naming from WCS, however, the choice of analysis method is an important factor of the analysis. We demonstrate concrete problems with the choice of metrics made in recent analyses of WCS data, and offer approaches for dealing with the problems we can identify. Picking a metric for the space of color naming distributions that ignores perceptual distances between colors assumes a decorrelated system, where strong spatial correlations in fact exist. We can demonstrate that the corresponding issues are significantly improved when using Earth Mover's Distance, or Quadratic x-square Distance, and we can approximate these solutions with a kernel-based analysis method.

  • 634.
    Veselinova, Ljuba
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    Negative existentials: a cross linguistic study2013Inngår i: Rivista di Linguistica = Italian Journal of Linguistics, ISSN 1120-2726, Vol. 25, nr 1, s. 107-145Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to provide a cross-linguistic outline of the negation strategies in existential predications like ‘There are no mice in the basement’. It is found that there is a strong cross-linguistic tendency to use a special negation strategy in these predications. Furthermore, the special negators, labelled here ‘negative existentials’, show a number of similarities in terms of their semantics, morphosyntax, use and diachronic origin. In light of this, it is suggested that they represent a linguistic construction of its own, and in fact, a separate conceptual domain.

  • 635.
    Veselinova, Ljuba
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.
    The Negative Existential Cycle Revisited2014Inngår i: Linguistics, ISSN 2072-8379, Vol. 52, nr 6, s. 1327-1389Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on crosslinguistic data and the postulation of six language types, the Negative Existential Cycle was proposed by Croft (1991) as a way of modeling the evolution of standard negation markers from existential negators. The current investigation tests this model by applying it to two language families, Slavonic and Polynesian, checking which cycle types are instantiated in these families and outlining pathways of transition between different types. In Slavonic, we observe one type without variation and two types with internal variation. All cycle types are instantiated in Polynesian, which is correlated with characteristics specific to this family. Three pathways are outlined for the partial or complete transfer of negative existentials into the verbal domain. The first is contingent on negative existentials being used in specific constructions and the direct inheritance or expansion of use of these constructions; the second involves negative existentials being used as emphatic negators external to the proposition and their subsequent reanalysis as clause internal negators without any additional pragmatic content. The third pathway, observed in Polynesian only, is through subordination processes leading to the re-interpretation of negative existentials as general markers of negation. Additionally, a time dimension needs to be added when modeling this cycle, as its completion, i.e., the negative existential turning into a full-fledged marker of standard negation, appears to take longer than 2,000 years.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 636.
    Vesterinen, Rainer
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för spanska, portugisiska och latinamerikastudier.
    Complementos finitos e infinitivos dos verbos causativos deixar e fazer: Causação directa vs. indirecta e a noção de controlo2008Inngår i: Studia Neophilologica, ISSN 0039-3274, E-ISSN 1651-2308, Vol. 80, nr 1, s. 75-98Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    No presente estudo, realiza-se uma análise qualitativa sobre os complementos finitos e infinitivos dos verbos causativos deixar e fazer no Português Europeu. A partir de uma visão cognitiva da língua, a Gramática Cognitiva de Langacker (1987, 1991), propõe-se que a diferença entre os complementos em causa é de carácter icónico e que pode ser explicada por uma distinção feita entre causação directa e indirecta, e pelo grau de controlo sobre o evento descrito no complemento. Assim, argumenta-se que os complementos infinitivos assinalam uma causação directa, enquanto os finitos implicam uma causação indirecta. Em consequência disso, os complementos infinitivos dão a entender um maior grau de controlo sobre o evento completivo do que os complementos finitos.

  • 637.
    Vesterinen, Rainer
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Estruturas causativas no Português: Um estudo sobre a relação entre o modo conjuntivo e os conceitos de subjetificação e domínio2013Inngår i: Revista Portuguesa de Humanidades, ISSN 0874-0321, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 97-120Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies carried out within a cognitive-functional perspective of linguistic analysisdistinguish a relation between the structural properties of complements of causationverbs and the kind of causation they designate. The present paper follows this lineof investigation. However, the focus of the analysis is put on the relation between thesubjunctive mood and the concepts of subjectification and dominion in causativestructures. The hypothesis put forward is that the relation between the Portuguesecausation verbs fazer and deixar, on the one hand, and the subjunctive complement, onthe other, can be can be explained in terms of subjectification, i.e. a diminished degreeof subject control. Accordingly, it is argued that the subjunctive mood designates anevent that is located outside the conceptualizer’s dominion.

  • 638.
    Vesterinen, Rainer
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Extending the dominion of effective control: Its applicability to mood choice in Spanish and Portuguese2014Inngår i: Cognitive Linguistics, ISSN 0936-5907, E-ISSN 1613-3641, Vol. 25, nr 4, s. 583-616Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Within the model of Cognitive Grammar, the concept of dominion is fundamental to the analysis of the conceptualizer’s attitude toward an event or a proposition. However, the concept has, first and foremost, been understood in epistemic terms, whereas there has been less concern with the conceptualizer’s efforts to influence and manipulate the course of events in the world. This being so, the present paper shows that the conceptualizer’s dominion of effective control is relevant in a number of linguistic contexts. The analysis provides evidence for this particular feature in factive contexts, deontic contexts, contexts of volition and causation, and in adverbial clauses of purpose, manner and condition. The analysis further shows that the conceptualizer’s dominion of effective control is capable of providing a conceptually grounded explanation for the occurrence of the Spanish and the Portuguese subjunctive mood in these grammatical contexts.

  • 639.
    Vesterinen, Rainer
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Factividade e modo verbal2014Inngår i: Revue Romane, ISSN 0035-3906, E-ISSN 1600-0811, Vol. 49, nr 1, s. 52-67Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The traditional way of explaining the subjunctive mood in Portuguese is utterly related to the distinction made between reality and non-reality. That is, while the indicative mood has been explained in terms of reality, the subjunctive has been the mood of non-reality. Although this explanation covers many occurrences of the subjunctive mood, it is also recognized that it fails to explain the use of the subjunctive mood in factive contexts. This being so, the present study aims at explaining the variation between the indicative and subjunctive mood in factive contexts from a Cognitive Grammar perspective. The hypothesis put forward is that the mood variation can be explained in terms of dominion and control. Thus, it is claimed that the subjunctive mood in factive contexts can be explained by a reduced degree of active control, this being consistent with an event that is located outside the conceptualizer’s dominion of effective control. On the other hand, the indicative mood occurs in contexts of epistemic control that are located inside the conceptualizer’s epistemic dominion. An additional analysis of the subjunctive mood in other grammatical contexts corroborates the initial claim.

  • 640.
    Vesterinen, Rainer
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för spanska, portugisiska och latinamerikastudier.
    Impersonals with ser ('to be') and the dominion of effective control2014Inngår i: Language sciences (Oxford), ISSN 0388-0001, E-ISSN 1873-5746, Vol. 41, s. 143-152Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper analyses the semantic meaning of the subjunctive mood in complements of deontic and evaluative impersonal expressions. From the perspective of Cognitive Grammar, it is argued that the meaning of the subjunctive mood is to designate events that are located outside the conceptualizer’s dominion, whereas the impersonal expression puts focus on the relevant dominion, i.e. the dominion of effective control. Thus, the analysis shows that there is a conceptual relation between the conceptual content of the impersonal expression, on the one hand, and occurrence of the subjunctive mood, on the other hand. An additional analysis concerns the occurrence and the meaning of the inflected infinitive in contexts that imply a low degree of effective control.

  • 641.
    Vesterinen, Rainer
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Instructions or dominion?: The meaning of the Spanish subjunctive mood2013Inngår i: Pragmatics & Cognition, ISSN 0929-0907, E-ISSN 1569-9943, Vol. 21, nr 2, s. 359-379Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In a highly interesting study, Dam and Dam-Jensen (2010) put forward the idea that the indicative and the subjunctive mood in Spanish complementizer phrases can be explained by the instructions they convey. The indicative instructs the addressee to locate the situation created by the verb relative to the situation of utterance, whereas the subjunctive instructs the addressee not to locate the situation described by the verb relative to the situation of utterance. Although this explanation is most appealing, the present paper argues that it also may create explanatory problems. Thus, it is claimed that the notion of dominion can explain the semantic meaning of the Spanish subjunctive mood. This verbal mood designates events that are located outside the conceptualizer’s dominion, either in terms of epistemic control or in terms of effective control.

  • 642.
    Vesterinen, Rainer
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Mood choice in complements of Spanish comprender and Portuguese compreender (‘understand’) – distribution and meaning2017Inngår i: Languages in Contrast: International Journal for Contrastive Linguistics, ISSN 1387-6759, E-ISSN 1569-9897, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 279-302Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper analyzes the occurrence of indicative and subjunctive complements of the verbs comprender (Spanish) and compreender (Portuguese) in European Spanish and European Portuguese. A quantitative analysis based on 400 occurrences of the complements randomly selected from the newspaper genre shows that the indicative mood occurs more frequently than the subjunctive mood in both languages, although the subjunctive mood is more frequent in the Portuguese corpus than in the Spanish one. The analysis also shows that the occurrence of the subjunctive complement is highly restricted to contexts in which the subject of the main clause verb is either 1st person or 3rd person singular. From the theoretical perspective of Cognitive Grammar, the mood alternation is explained by the concept of dominion, i.e. the indicative complement designates an event that is located within the conceptualizer’s epistemic dominion, whereas the subjunctive complement designates an event that is located outside the conceptualizer’s dominion of effective control.

  • 643.
    Vesterinen, Rainer
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för spanska, portugisiska och latinamerikastudier.
    O modo verbal em expressões impessoais com o verbo ser2012Inngår i: Revue Romane, ISSN 0035-3906, E-ISSN 1600-0811, Vol. 47, nr 1, s. 76-97Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The subjunctive mood has frequently been explained in terms of unreality, presupposition, non-assertion and the distinction between new and old information. Although these explanations offer a partial account of the semantics of this mood, it is shown that many occurrences of the subjunctive mood remain unexplained. This being so, the present paper aims at explaining the indicative and subjunctive mood in impersonal expressions with the verb ser from a Cognitive Grammar perspective of linguistic analysis. The analysis shows that the variation between the indicative and subjunctive mood in this grammatical context can be explained in terms of dominion and control. An extension of the analysis further shows that it may account for the occurrence of the subjunctive mood in other grammatical contexts.

  • 644.
    Vesterinen, Rainer
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    The Portuguese Future Subjunctive: A Dominion Analysis2017Inngår i: Review of Cognitive Linguistics, ISSN 1877-9751, E-ISSN 1877-976X, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 58-82Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the analysis of the Portuguese future subjunctive mood would contribute to a greater understanding of the general meaning of the subjunctive mood, this verb form has received considerably little attention compared to the other subjunctive forms, namely, the past and present subjunctives. The aim of the present paper is to fill this gap. Using the theoretical perspective of Cognitive Grammar, it will be shown that the Portuguese future subjunctive shares many characteristic features with other tenses of the subjunctive mood. In particular, the analysis shows that the Portuguese future subjunctive can be explained by the concept of dominion. Thus, the present paper provides a conceptually grounded and unified explanation for the meaning of the Portuguese subjunctive mood.

  • 645.
    Vogel, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet.
    Laddade ord2011Inngår i: Språktidningen, ISSN 1654-5028Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 646.
    Vogel, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet.
    Laddade ord2010Inngår i: Populär kommunikation, ISSN 1402-2567Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 647.
    Vogel, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Svenska/Nordiska språk.
    Meningsfullt bistånd: En kritisk analys av metaforer på Läkare Utan Gränsers webbplats2019Inngår i: Sakprosa, ISSN 1502-6000, E-ISSN 1891-5108, Vol. 11, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A Critical Analysis of Metaphors on Läkare Utan Gränsers's (Swedish Médecins Sans Frontières') Website

    The Nordic countries have a strong tradition of contributing to international development and humanitarian aid, but lately, aid has been subject to criticism. Research has called for studies that reveal conceptualizations and values tied to aid (Fretheim 2007; Hoeffler & Outram, 2011; Sogge, 2015). My focus is to study how the aid organization Médecins Sans Frontières conceptualize and value aid in their webpage texts. More specifically, I investigate how the organization’s texts make use of metaphors. Like Lakoff & Johnson (1980), I believe that metaphors disclose how one understands the world, and, in accordance with Charteris-Black (2004), that they are important to create convincing texts. Three news pieces from the Médecins Sans Frontières webpage are analyzed, first by using the MIPVU-method, developed by Steen et al. (2010), and then by evaluating the metaphors with the help of research literature (Lakoff & Johnson, 1980; Lakoff, 1993; Mannsåker, 2017). The findings show that the metaphors in the news pieces express force, ownership and motion, and that they add to the idea that Médecins Sans Frontières accomplish respectable results; therefore, the webpage visitor may make an important contribution which will be for the migrants’ benefit and which in addition will counteract the negative influence of the EU. Through the metaphors, the migrants are depicted as needy, since they do not exert power, do not own much and are not in control. The conclusion is that the organization conveys a complex image where aid is described as meaningful, necessary and political. From a broader perspective, this instance of how linguistic strategies are used may serve as an example for other aid agents in their ambition to influence potential donators as well as decision-makers about the conditions and necessity of aid.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 648.
    Vogel, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Svenska/Nordiska språk.
    Tranströmer visar världen på nytt2014Inngår i: Språktidningen, ISSN 1654-5028, nr 11Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 649.
    Volvach, Natalia
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Still Ukrainian or Already Russian? The Linguistic Landscape of Sevastopol in the Aftermath of Crimean Annexation2019Inngår i: Euxeinos - Culture and Governance in the Black Sea Region, E-ISSN 2296-0708, Vol. 9, nr 28, s. 93-111Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The annexed city of Sevastopol as a part of the Crimean peninsula remains de jure a Ukrainian territory for the most of the European countries and be- yond. De facto this city is a new subject of the Russian Federation. A case study conducted in November 2017 demonstrates that in spite of its politically con- tested status, the linguistic landscape of Sevastopol indexes the Russian pow- er. Through the foundational principles of indexicality and emplacement, the study shows how Ukrainian and Crimean Tatar refer to Sevastopol’s past, and Russian represents its present and its future.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 650. Von Mentzer, Cecilia Nakeva
    et al.
    Lyxell, Björn
    Sahlén, Birgitta
    Dahlström, Örjan
    Lindgren, Magnus
    Ors, Marianne
    Kallioinen, Petter
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för fonetik.
    Engström, Elisabet
    Uhlén, Inger
    Segmental and suprasegmental properties in nonword repetition - An explorative study of the associations with nonword decoding in children with normal hearing and children with bilateral cochlear implants2015Inngår i: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, ISSN 0269-9206, E-ISSN 1464-5076, Vol. 29, nr 3, s. 216-235Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explored nonword repetition (NWR) and nonword decoding in normal-hearing (NH) children and in children with bilateral cochlear implants (CI). Participants were 11 children, with CI, 5:0-7:11 years (M = 6.5 years), and 11 NH children, individually age-matched to the children with CI. This study fills an important gap in research, since it thoroughly describes detailed aspects of NWR and nonword decoding and their possible associations. All children were assessed after having practiced with a computer-assisted reading intervention with a phonics approach during four weeks. Results showed that NH children outperformed children with CI on the majority of aspects of NWR. The analysis of syllable number in NWR revealed that children with CI made more syllable omissions than did the NH children, and predominantly in prestressed positions. In addition, the consonant cluster analysis in NWR showed significantly more consonant omissions and substitutions in children with CI suggesting that reaching fine-grained levels of phonological processing was particularly difficult for these children. No significant difference was found for nonword-decoding accuracy between the groups, as measured by whole words correct and phonemes correct, but differences were observed regarding error patterns. In children with CI phoneme, deletions occurred significantly more often than in children with NH. The correlation analysis revealed that the ability to repeat consonant clusters in NWR had the strongest associations to nonword decoding in both groups. The absence of as frequent significant associations between NWR and nonword decoding in children with CI compared to children with NH suggest that these children partly use other decoding strategies to compensate for less precise phonological knowledge, for example, lexicalizations in nonword decoding, specifically, making a real word of a nonword.

1011121314 601 - 650 of 688
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf