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  • 801.
    Wikander, Ulla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Kvinnokultur, skillnader och sociobiologi. Kvinnorörelsen från 1960-tal till 90-tal ur ett personligt perspektiv1999In: Kvinnor mot kvinnor / [ed] Christina Florin, Lena Sommestad, Ulla Wikander, Stockholm: Norstedts , 1999, p. 216-245Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 802.
    Wikander, Ulla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Making Earthenware and China at Gustavsberg: 100 years of Working Life in a Pottery1989In: When people matter : Nordic Industrial Architecture & Engineering Design / [ed] Anders Thörnqvist & Peter Ullmark, Stockholm: Swedish Council for Building Research [Statens råd för byggnadsforskning] in cooperation with the Swedish Work Environment Fund [Arbetsmiljöfonden] , 1989Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 803.
    Wikander, Ulla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Myten om den naturliga skillnaden2002In: Bang : feministisk kulturtidskrift, ISSN 1102-4593, p. 111-119Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 804.
    Wikander, Ulla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Om teknik, arbetsdelning och ideologi som formare av kvinnors - och mäns - arbetsvillkor1987In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, no 1Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 805.
    Wikander, Ulla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    On Women's History and Economic History1990In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 65-71Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 806.
    Wikander, Ulla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Periodisering av kapitalismen - med kvinnor1989In: Arbetarhistoria: meddelande från Arbetarrörelsens arkiv och bibliotek, ISSN 0281-7446, no 51Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 807.
    Wikander, Ulla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Periodisering av kapitalismen - med kvinnor1993In: Genus i historisk forskning / [ed] Christina Ericsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 1993Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 808.
    Wikander, Ulla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Periodization and the engendering of technology: the pottery of Gustavsberg, 1880-19801995In: Women Workers and Technological Change in Europe in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries / [ed] Gertjan de Groot and Marlou Schrover1995, London: Taylor and Francis , 1995, p. 135-150Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 809.
    Wikander, Ulla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Personal Historical Notes on Gender Distinctions: Inter alia about equality and difference1991In: Hundred Flowers Bloom: Essays in Honour of Bo Gustafsson / [ed] Kerstin Ullenhag, Uppsala: universitet , 1991, p. 81-98Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 810.
    Wikander, Ulla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Political and Economic Citizenship in the International Women´s  Movement at the Turn of the 20th Century1999In: Democratie & Geschlecht/ Democratie et sexes. (Interdisciplinäres Symposium zum 150jährigen Jubiläum des Schweizerischen Bundesstaates/Symposium interdisciplinaire à l´occasion du 150e anniversaire de l´État Fédéral) / [ed] Birgit Christensen, Zürich: Chronos Verlag , 1999, p. 53-72Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 811.
    Wikander, Ulla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Sekelskiftet 1900: Konstruktion av en nygammal kvinnlighet1994In: Det evigt kvinnliga : En historia om förändring / [ed] Ulla Wikander, Stockholm: Tiden , 1994, p. 7-27Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 812.
    Wikander, Ulla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Some Kept the Flag of Feminist Demands Waving: Debates at International Congresses on Protecting Women Workers1995In: Protecting Women : Labor Legislation in Europe, the United States and Australia, 1890-1920 / [ed] Ulla Wikander, Alice Kessler-Harris & Jane Lewis, Chicago: University of Illinois Press , 1995, p. 29-62Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 813.
    Wikander, Ulla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Suffrage and the Labour Market: European Women at International Congresses in London and Berlin, 1899 and 19042007In: Crossing boundaries : women's organizing in Europe and the Americas, 1880s-1940s / [ed] Pernilla Jonsson, Silke Neunsinger & Joan Sangster, Uppsala: Uppsala Studies in Economic History, Uppsala University , 2007, p. 21-49Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 814.
    Wikander, Ulla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Swedish Match Company in Central Europe between the Wars: Internal power struggle between former competitors - Solo v. Swedish Match1983In: International Business & Central Europe 1918-1939 / [ed] Alice Teichova and P.L Cottrell, New York and Leicester: Leicester University Press , 1983, p. 209-225Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 815.
    Wikander, Ulla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Von der Magd zur Angestellten : Macht, Geschlecht und Arbeitsteilung 1789-19501998Book (Other academic)
  • 816.
    Wikander, Ulla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Aniansson, Eva
    Rapport från kvinnouniver­sitetet : Veten­skap, patriarkat och makt1983Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 817.
    Wikander, Ulla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Broberg, GunnarÅmark, Klas
    Tänka, tycka, tro: Svensk historia underifrån och Bryta, bygga, bo. Svensk historia underifrån1993Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 818.
    Wikander, Ulla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Kessler-Harris, AliceLewis, JaneLambertz, Jan
    Protecting Women : Labor Legislation in Europe, the United States and Australia, 1890-19201995Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 819.
    Wikander, Ulla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Manns, Ulla
    Det evigt kvinnliga : En historia om förändring2001Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 820.
    Wikander, Ulla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Susanna, Hedenborg
    Makt och försörjning2003Book (Other academic)
  • 821.
    Wågman, Ruben
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    DET STATLIGA BOLÅNEINSTITUTET: En diskursanalys kring stat och marknad i debatten om SBAB2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna undersökning har som syfte att finna svar på hur diskursen kring stat och marknad såg ut i debatten om det statliga bolåneinstitutet SBAB. Undersökningen gör två historiska nedslag, dels 1984 och dels 1990. Materialet som studerats är protokoll från riksdagsdebatter samt utskottsbetänkanden. Som metod har diskursanalys tillämpats och den teoretiska referensramen vilar på konstruktivismen som grund. Undersökningens resultat visar att det existerat två parallella diskurser. Den ena diskursen ansåg att statens inflytande var för stort och såg ett behov av ökade inslag av marknadsallokering, medan den andra ansåg det förhålla sig på ett motsatt vis. Studien visar även att en diskursiv motsättning mellan politiska gruppers syn på staten och marknaden existerat, samt att en viss förändring skett mellan de undersökta åren.

  • 822.
    Yazdanpanah, Soheyla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Att upprätthålla livet: Om lågavlönade ensamstående mödrars försörjning i Sverige2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation is about the experiences of low-paid single mothers in sustaining their families in Sweden in the early 2000. The investigation builds upon interviews with twenty low-paid single mothers living and working in Stockholm. Ten of the women are Swedish-born and the other ten are Iranian-born but have been residing in Sweden for several years. A majority of the Swedish-born women belong to the working class, while most of the Iranian-born mothers are from a middle class background. This study is based on an extended definition of sustenance that encompasses support for livelihood and meeting the family needs that conform to socially accepted norms. Sustenance requires incomes to cover expenses and care work. The informants sustain their families mostly from wage work. However, they also seek allowances from the social security system to buy goods and services that they combine with care work to sustain the family. The care work for younger children demands much time and physical work, while caring for older children requires more mental and emotional work. Sustenance for these mothers implies fulfilling all these demands and also to ensure that the children’s’ needs are met. Several factors influence the mothers’ sustenance. Low wages and the single responsibility for children means less money and more time devoted to care work. Few fathers take significant responsibility for their children’s sustenance. The mothers get support from their social networks, often from other women and from the welfare system. Ethnic background negatively affects sustenance for the Iranian-born mothers mostly in the form of reduced cultural and social capital. Children are the highest priority among all the families. However, the priorities may differ among the families and are connected to the mothers’ class, ethnic background and their access to cultural capital.

  • 823.
    Zedenius, Fanny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Ideologi och människosyn på export: En undersökning av de ideologiska och teoretiska grunderna i IMF:s strukturanpassningsprogram - Ghanas och Etiopiens erfarenheter2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    IMF:s lån till utvecklingsländer på 1980- och 90-talet kom med krav på strukturanpassningsprogram (SAPs), vilket innebar stort inflytande över utvecklingsländernas ekonomier. För många länder försämrades det ekonomiska läget, skulderna ökade och sociala förhållanden förvärrades. Bakom dessa strategier låg neoliberala idéer och neoklassisk ekonomisk teori. Den neoklassiska ekonomiska teorin kritiseras ofta av feministiska ekonomer för att innehålla en felaktig människosyn inom modellen om människors ekonomiska beteende: ’economic man’. Enligt dem leder ’economic man’ som människosyn till konsekvenser i den politiska praktiken då den neoklassiska ekonomiska teorin influerar beslutsfattande. Denna uppsats undersöker hur neoliberalismen och människosynen bakom ’economic man’ har influerat policydokumenten om SAPs. Uppsatsen utgår från de feministiska ekonomernas kritik mot neoklassisk ekonomisk teori och ’economic man’, samt Philip Mirowskis diskussioner om neoliberalism. Studien genomförs utifrån två fallstudier om SAPs, i Ghana (1987-2001) och i Etiopien (1992-2001), baserat på de dokument som innehåller de politiska omstruktureringarna som IMF anser nödvändiga och länderna avser genomföra för att få tillgång till IMF:s lån. Undersökningen visar att de neoliberala idéerna figurerar både explicit och implicit i utformandet av SAPs och påverkar utformandet av dem då de utgår från neoliberalsmens övertygelser om bästa sättet att nå tillväxt och önskad utveckling. Vidare indikerar resultatet att människosynen bakom ’economic man’, framförallt vad gäller antagandena om rationalitet och nyttomaximering, förekommer som en logisk premiss i utvecklingsstrategierna och därmed har influerat utformningen SAPs. Dessutom framgår det att makroperspektivet i dokumenten bidrar till att reproducera maktrelationer och strukturella hierarkier som missgynnar kvinnor.

  • 824. Zorita, Eduardo
    et al.
    Moberg, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
    Leijonhufvud, Lotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
    Wilson, Rob
    Brázdil, Rudolf
    Dobrovolný, Petr
    Luterbacher, Jürg
    Böhm, Reinhard
    Pfister, Christian
    Riemann, Dirk
    Glaser, Rüdiger
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    González-Rouco, Fidel
    European temperature records of the past five centuries based on documentary/instrumental information compared to climate simulations2010In: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009, E-ISSN 1573-1480, Vol. 101, no 1-2, p. 143-168Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two European temperature reconstructions for the past half-millennium,January-to-April air temperature for Stockholm (Sweden) and seasonal temperaturefor a Central European region, both derived from the analysis of documentarysources and long instrumental records, are compared with the output of climate simulations with the model ECHO-G. The analysis is complemented by comparisonswith the long (early)-instrumental record of Central England Temperature(CET). Both approaches to study past climates (simulations and reconstructions)are burdened with uncertainties. The main objective of this comparative analysisis to identify robust features and weaknesses in each method which may help toimprove models and reconstruction methods. The results indicate a general agreementbetween simulations obtained with temporally changing external forcings andthe reconstructed Stockholm and CET records for the multi-centennial temperaturetrend over the recent centuries, which is not reproduced in a control simulation.This trend is likely due to the long-term change in external forcing. Additionally,the Stockholm reconstruction and the CET record also show a clear multi-decadalwarm episode peaking around AD 1730, which is absent in the simulations. Neitherthe reconstruction uncertainties nor the model internal climate variability caneasily explain this difference. Regarding the interannual variability, the Stockholmseries displays, in some periods, higher amplitudes than the simulations but thesedifferences are within the statistical uncertainty and further decrease if output froma regional model driven by the global model is used. The long-term trend of theCentral European temperature series agrees less well with the simulations. Thereconstructed temperature displays, for all seasons, a smaller difference between thepresent climate and past centuries than is seen in the simulations. Possible reasons forthese differences may be related to a limitation of the traditional ‘indexing’ techniquefor converting documentary evidence to temperature values to capture long-termclimate changes, because the documents often reflect temperatures relative to thecontemporary authors’ own perception of what constituted ‘normal’ conditions. Bycontrast, the amplitude of the simulated and reconstructed inter-annual variabilityagrees rather well.

  • 825.
    Åhré, Linda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Nord Stream: A security Issue2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nord Stream is an international consortium created by five big companies in year 2005 with the purpose of planning and construction two 1,224-kilometre long gas pipelines through the Baltic Sea. This thesis will analyze and shed light on the political discourse surrounding Nord Stream from a Swedish perspective. Research enters upon the assumption that Nord Stream poses a security issue for Sweden, which is investigated and validated through Regional Security Complex Theory. Furthermore, the aim is to investigate hidden and omitted causalities and explain why Sweden and Russia talk about Nord Stream the way they do. The research reveals that the official Swedish stand in the Nord Stream debate is clear, Sweden is negative to the project and the reason is argued to be environmental aspects. Though linked to the fact that Nord Stream is a security issue for Sweden, new and interesting notions are exposed with help of political framing. In the case of Nord Stream, significant societal and institutional constrain controls Sweden’s actions, especially since the issue is of an international matter. Nord Stream includes trade, energy politics, national borders and environmental aspects. Sweden must answer to both powerful actors such as Russia and EU, but also public opinion in form of their citizens. Thus, no matter what the factual background is, tools for a Swedish interception of Nord Stream are limited.

  • 826.
    Åmossa, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Du är NK!: Konstruktioner av yrkesidentiteter på varuhuset NK ur ett genus- och klassperspektiv 1918-19752004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    How were work identities of female and male shop assistants in the clothing departments at NK constructed, and how did this change over time? The starting point of this thesis has been that identities are contextually constructed. Focus has been set on trying to understand how the process of ‘making’ identity has been done in a historical perspective for shop assistants in clothing departments at the department store NK, AB Nordiska Kompaniet, in Stockholm.

    Shared narratives are crucial in the process of making collective identities. This thesis analyses narratives on relations between shop assistants and the company, the trade union and the commodities that were sold. The results show that the constructions of work identities, besides from being an ongoing process, have been characterized by a constantly ongoing struggle about expectations on their nature. The perspective is both discursive and materialistic.

    NK had approximately 2000 employees. All these people could not have personal relations to each other. To create an imagined community and a sense of collective identity, common narratives were important. The employees were in the company’s internal narrative named the ‘NK-ists’. It was said to be important to work in the ‘NK- spirit’. Narratives outside the NK-collective did effect the imagined community within, sometimes causing the collective to join closer together and sometimes dividing it.

    Work identities and the gendered division of labour are connected. Notions of gender and of what kind of work that is considered to be suitable to men or women at different times and in different places colour the narratives that construct work identities. The narratives dealt with in this thesis originate in existing events and in myths about the department store NK, and the shop assistants working at NK had to relate to these. The employer had picked one group of employees for whom this was especially true: the shop assistants. They were told: “You are NK”.

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