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  • 851.
    Zetterström Geschwind, Britta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Historiska museets maskerad 1968: Kulturrevolution eller reklamgeschäft?2015In: I utkanter och marginaler: 31 texter om kulturhistoria: en vänbok till Birgitta Svensson / [ed] Marianne Larsson, Anneli Palmsköld, Helena Hörnfeldt, Lars-Eric Jönsson, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 2015Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 852.
    Zetterström Geschwind, Britta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Public museum space: How cultural policies and democratic ideals materialize in the public spaces of the Swedish History Museum 1943–20132016In: Nordisk Museologi, ISSN 1103-8152, no 1, p. 138-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The research subject is the Swedish History Museum in Stockholm as a public institution between 1943 and 2013. I examine how public spaces in the museum body are designed in relation to cultural policy objectives and the museum’s vision of a democratic, inclusive museum. However, the focus is not on the museum’s exhibits, but on other public spaces visitors encounter in the museum, mainly the entrance, the shop and children’s spaces. These spaces tend to be invisible in the museum hierarchy, and their practices are rarely observed in museum studies. Main research questions are: How are democratic ideals materialized and expressed over time? Which publics are created by the public spaces?

  • 853.
    Åhman, Kat
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Linjer mot lycka: En kunskapsfördjupning rörande transpersoner med ätstörningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att genom att använda ett specifikt teoretiskt ramverk kunna undersöka och problematisera den stora förekomsten av transpersoner med erfarenhet av ätstörningar. Ramverket är baserat på Sara Ahmeds teorier om orientering och bygger på synen på samhället som uppbyggt av heteronormativa linjer vilka transpersoner förhåller sig till. Genom att välja ut illustrerande exempel från två antologier kretsade kring kropp och identitet har jag kunnat peka på att den press som transpersoner utsätts för i samhället leder till minskat handlingsutrymme, maktlöshet, kroppslig dysfori och assimilation. Med behovet av att reglera de känslor som uppstår samt den fysiska kroppen kan ätstörningen ses som ett verktyg med dubbel funktion. Dels för att hantera maktlösheten inför världen och återta kontroll över den kropp som någon annan definierat och begränsat. Och dels utifrån behovet av att skapa sig själv som begriplig inför sig själv och världen - för att kunna existera. 

  • 854. Åkerlund, Nina
    et al.
    Sandberg, Linn J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Children and Violence Interactions: Exploring Intimate Partner Violence and Children's Experiences of Responses2017In: Child Abuse Review, ISSN 0952-9136, E-ISSN 1099-0852, Vol. 26, p. 51-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While there is a growing research interest in the experiences of children exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV), the role of children's social networks, other than the role of mothers, has been little discussed. The aim of this article is to study older children's stories of how they, and the adults in their social networks, respond to IPV. More specifically, we are interested in how older children describe both their own responses when exposed to IPV and responses from adults. This article focuses on the narratives of older children since they are often in a liminal position between adulthood and childhood, which may be consequential for their and others’ responses to violence. The article shows that responses are interactional and that children's responses affect how adults respond. Our analysis suggests that adults are positioning children as either adult-like and competent or vulnerable, and this impacts significantly on the support that they receive. In our data, there are, however, also examples of middle ways where children are positioned as vulnerable yet capable. This seems linked to children's abilities to communicate their own needs. Although the study sample is limited, our results point to the significance of gender for how children respond.

  • 855.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Förnuft och kropp: Feministisk kritik av liberala idéer2017In: Politik och kön: Feministiska perspektiv på statsvetenskap / [ed] Lenita Freidenvall, Maria Jansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 77-88Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 856.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Introduction: Gender, War, and Military Sacrifice2019In: Gendering Military Sacrifice: A Feminist Comparative Analysis / [ed] Cecilia Åse, Maria Wendt, Routledge, 2019, p. 1-16Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What does military sacrifice mean in today’s globalised world? This introductory chapter explains why a gender perspective is necessary to understand the justification for contemporary war and military sacrifice. The International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan (2001–2014) proclaimed post-national and humanitarian motivations that confronted the idea of a masculine obligation to die for the nation and its women and children. Even so, this book argues that gendered national narratives and protector/protected relations were central in rendering meaning and legitimacy to the war deaths. Situated in Feminist International Relations, this chapter presents an examination of the social and political meaning accorded to the Afghanistan war deaths in six European countries (Denmark, Estonia, Germany, Italy, Sweden, and the United Kingdom). The rationale of a comparative approach to denaturalise constructions of gender and nation is emphasised. A key argument is that easily disregarded or allegedly un-political materials – such as emotional expressions, rituals, monuments, and artwork – deepen the scholarly understanding of war-making in contemporary democracies.

  • 857.
    Åse, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    The gendered myth of protection2019In: The Routledge handbook of gender and security / [ed] Caron E. Gentry, Laura J. Shepherd, Laura Sjoberg, London: Routledge, 2019, p. 273-283Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 858.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Quirico, Monica
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Gendered Grief: Mourners' Politicisation of Military Death2019In: Gendering Military Sacrifice: A Feminist Comparative Analysis / [ed] Cecilia Åse, Maria Wendt, Abingdon: Routledge, 2019, p. 145-176Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter investigates how the relatives of the European soldiers who died in the Afghanistan war (2001–2014), particularly mothers, organised and acted publicly and politically. What is the potential for personal grief to contest political and justificatory war narratives? Feminist scholarship on the relationship between gender, war grief, and politics provides the theoretical framework. Using cross-country comparison as a feminist method of denaturalisation, the chapter discusses gendered grief in the six European countries, with a specific focus on Italy, Sweden and the UK. The comparative analysis identifies general patterns and pinpoints the national differences that had a key influence on the politicisation of war grief. A “politico-emotional war contract” is put forward as a key component both opening up space for and stifling bereaved relatives’ political agency. The chapter discusses how relatives made use of gender representations to challenge established war narratives, but also shows how women’s grief was silenced or appropriated and used to sanction and beautify military violence. An important result concerns how different national contexts condition the possibilities for women’s agency as grieving mothers and wives.

  • 859.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Comparison as Feminist Method: Denaturalising Gender and Nation2019In: Gendering Military Sacrifice: A Feminist Comparative Analysis / [ed] Cecilia Åse, Maria Wendt, Abingdon: Routledge, 2019, p. 17-40Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter develops the cross-country comparison as a feminist method for the critical interrogation of naturalised ideas and representations. Recognising denaturalisation as a shared feminist approach, Cynthia Enloe’s concept of “feminist curiosity” is developed in order to advance cross-national comparison. The basic idea is that comparison assists denaturalisation because it enables the analysis of taken-for-granted ideas, identities, and emotional investments. The chapter presents the comparative methodology used in the subsequent chapters of the volume Gendering Military Sacrifice, where meaning-making associated with military losses in the Afghanistan war (2001–2014) are examined in six European countries. Discussing the methodological challenges related to denaturalising constructions of gender and nation, several research strategies used in the following empirical contributions are presented. These include working collectively, combining in-depth contextual knowledge with comparisons between national contexts, and presenting research according to empirical sites rather than based on a nation-by-nation perspective. As a necessary background to the following transnationally arranged chapters, this chapter also presents the differing war legacies and the building blocks of national identities as well as the overarching gender/nation relations for all the countries discussed in the volume.

  • 860.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Conclusion: The Gendered Politics of Contemporary Military Sacrifice2019In: Gendering Military Sacrifice: A Feminist Comparative Analysis / [ed] Cecilia Åse, Maria Wendt, Abingdon: Routledge, 2019, p. 177-197Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Combining the results of the feminist comparative cross-country analyses presented in this book, this concluding chapter underlines the shared features as well as the national differences in European nations’ efforts to give meaning to the military losses during the Afghanistan war (2001–2014). Humanitarian justifications could motivate dispatching soldiers to Afghanistan, but were inadequate when the countries faced military fatalities. The establishment of national history and time, the renegotiation of relations between home and away, and the family trope rendered the war deaths meaningful and affected possibilities to critically discuss the war mission. An important argument is that potential for dissent vis-à-vis military violence depended on gendered national narratives. Discussing Feminist International Relations, the chapter addresses gendered protector/protected renegotiations, and spells out the gender consequences of the linkage between state sovereignty and military sacrifice. In closing, the chapter proposes the denaturalisation and politicisation of gender–nation constructions as essential to advancing war-critical narratives and effective anti-militarist strategies.

  • 861.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Wendt, MariaStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Gendering military sacrifice: A feminist comparative analysis2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What does military sacrifice mean in today’s globalised world? For what ethical principles and beliefs are citizens prepared to die and to sacrifice their loved ones? In present-day security discourses emphasising human rights and an international responsibility to protect, traditional masculinised obligations to die for the homeland and its women and children are challenged and renegotiated. Working from a critical feminist perspective, the authors examine the political and societal justifications for sacrifice in wars motivated by post-national and humanitarian values. This volume provides original empirical research from six European countries, demonstrating how gendered and nationalistic representations saturate contemporary notions of sacrifice and legitimate military violence. A key argument is that a gender perspective is necessary in order to understand, and to oppose, the idea of the honourable military death.

    Bringing together a wide range of materials – including public debates, rituals, monuments and artwork – to analyse the justifications for soldiers’ deaths in the Afghanistan war (2001–2014), the analysis challenges methodological nationalism. The authors develop a feminist comparative methodology and engage in cross-country and transdisciplinary analysis. This innovative approach generates new understandings of the ways in which both the idealisation and political contestation of military violence depend on gendered national narratives.

  • 862.
    Åse, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Wendt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Gendering the new hero narratives: Military death in Denmark and Sweden2018In: Cooperation and Conflict, ISSN 0010-8367, E-ISSN 1460-3691, Vol. 53, no 1, p. 23-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the 20th century, wars were fought primarily in the name of protecting the homeland.Making the ‘ultimate sacrifice’ was a national masculine duty and a key feature of military heroism.Today, human rights and international values justify war-making and legitimise military action.In one of these post-national wars, the International Security Assistance Force operation inAfghanistan, more than 700 European soldiers have lost their lives. How have these deaths beenlegitimised, and how has the new security discourse affected notions of masculinised heroism andsacrifice? This article investigates how the dimensions of national/international and masculinity/femininity are negotiated in media narratives of heroism and sacrifice in Denmark and Sweden.Regarding scholarly discussions on the professionalisation, individualisation and domesticationof military heroism, the empirical analysis demonstrates that the Danish/Swedish nationremains posited as the core context for military heroism and sacrifice. In the media narratives,professionalism is represented as an expression of specific national qualities. The media narrativesconflate nation and family and represent military heroes as distinctively masculine and nationalfigures. It is argued that a family trope has become vital in present-day hero narratives. This tropeis disposed towards collective emotions, national loyalty and conservative gender ideals.

  • 863.
    Åstrand Melin, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Solidaritet som grundfundament: En studie om tillit i den autonoma vänstern2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate what underlying causes drive people to take part in the Swedish autonomous left-wing movement. The autonomous left-wing movement is an extraparliamentary mob, in Sweden often attributed in negative terms, considered as extremists. Interviewing six activists has given me the chance to better understand the movement in terms of ideology as well as understanding their lack of reliability in the Swedish government and other social structures. The study also shows a complexity in the relationship between the interviewees and fascists, as well as in the Swedish police and the Swedish migration office, which is based on a combination of ideological values as well as a lack of trust to the Swedish system as a whole. 

  • 864.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Forskare på upptäcktsresa: Tre gästdoktorander i Stockholm2017In: Tillfälliga stockholmare: Människor och möten under 600 år / [ed] Anna Götlind, Marko Lamberg, Stockholm: Stockholmia förlag, 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 865.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Interaktionism2017In: Tillämpad kulturteori / [ed] Jenny Gunnarsson Payne, Magnus Öhlander, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 75-92Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 866.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    Mobile Physicians Making Sense of Culture(s): On Mobile Everyday Ethnography2015In: Ethnologia Europaea, ISSN 0425-4597, E-ISSN 1604-3030, Vol. 45, no 1, p. 7-24Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 867.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    Pettersson, Helena
    Kulturella perspektiv på högutbildades mobilitet2016In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 25, no 3-4, p. 2-6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cultural Perspectives on Highly Skilled Mobility

    This special issue is based on a panel at the 33rd Ethnology and Folklore Conference in Copenhagen in 2015, and focuses on cultural perspective on international mobility of highly educated employees. The articles’ joint analytical input can be summarized in Russell King’s (2002) phrase “double embeddedness of migration”. Everyday life and people’s narrated experiences are at the heart of the articles, but the focus is also set on the intersection of structural conditions and individual life circumstances. Mobility across national borders contributes with new experiences and knowledge and has different kinds of impact on social status and the individual’s resources acquired by education. This is something the voluntarily mobile have in common with those who are forced to leave their countries of origin. However, there are crucial differences in how highly skilled professionals are received and regarded in the countries they come to, the status they can achieve and the framework within which they can make use of their assets.

  • 868.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Wolanik Boström, Katarzyna
    Pettersson, Helena
    Returnees’ Cultural Jetlag: Highly Skilled Professionals’ Post-Mobility Experiences2019In: Ethnologia Scandinavica, ISSN 0348-9698, E-ISSN 0348-9698, Vol. 49, p. 56-69Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 869.
    Öquist Haugen, Paulina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Ethnology.
    Inre utlänningskontroll: En etnologisk studie av svenska polisers berättelser om och erfarenheter av arbetet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att studera svenska polisers berättelser om och erfarenheter av inre utlänningskontroll. Jag har dels varit intresserad av hur poliserna diskursivt konstruerar bilder av sig själva samt dem som ska hittas, men också hur poliserna förhåller sig till uppgiften att utföra inre utlänningskontroll. Jag har utfört tre intervjuer med poliser som arbetar inom gränspolisen samt en kompletterande intervju med en närpolis. Jag har utgått från ett diskursanalytiskt angreppssätt som betonar att våra sätt att tala på spelar en aktiv roll i skapandet och förändringen av vår omvärld, våra identiteter och sociala relationer. I den här studien har det framkommit att intervjupersonerna förhåller sig till en politisk/juridisk diskurs som gör deras arbete betydelsefullt. Deras arbete styrs av hur lagarna ser ut och påverkar även hur de uppfattar subjektpositioner och därmed vilka de ska hitta. Genom att konstruera gruppen av ”stackare” kan arbetet med att utföra inre utlänningskontroll legitimeras. Intervjupersonerna är medvetna om att olika begrepp kan användas för att föra olika politiska strategier och diskussioner, men vittnar dock om en känsla av att de själva är ”neutrala”. De gör det de blir tillsagda eftersom de betraktar sig som under polisorganisationens ledning, som i sin tur betraktas som en institution under regeringen/riksdagen. 

  • 870.
    Österholm, Maria Margareta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Rainbow coloured dots and rebellious old ladies: The gurlesque in two contemporary Swedish comic books2018In: The European Journal of Women's Studies, ISSN 1350-5068, E-ISSN 1461-7420, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 371-383Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The term gurlesque refers to an aesthetics that mixes feminism, femininity, the grotesque and the cute. This article explores how contemporary Swedish feminist comic books do gurlesque theory with the aim of contributing to the theoretical conversation about feminine aesthetics and gurlesque. The study focuses on two contemporary Swedish comic books, Jag ar din flickvan nu (I Am Your Girlfriend Now) (2006) by Nina Hemmingsson and Allt kommer bli bra (Everything Will Be Fine) (2013) by Lisa Ewald. The article views gurlesque as a queer aesthetics, as a form of wilful misinterpretation and taunting of perceptions of femininity. The word gurlesque draws from the word girl', and questions the connection between girlhood and young age from a queer perspective. Although the gurlesque is rooted in images of girlhood, it has the potential to grasp femininities of all ages.

  • 871.
    Österholm, Maria Margareta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies. Uppsala university.
    Skrubben. Skrivandets skeva utrymmen2012In: Queera läsningar: [litteraturvetenskap möter queerteori] / [ed] Ann-Sofie Lönngren, Katri Kivilaakso, Rita Paqvalén, Hägersten: Rosenlarv förlag , 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 872.
    Österholm, Maria Margareta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    The Song of the Marsh Queen: Gurlesque and Queer Desire in Monika Fagerholm's novels The American Girl and The Glitter Scene2016In: Novel Districts: Critical Readings of Monika Fagerholm / [ed] Kristina Malmio, Mia Österlund, Helsinki: Finnish Literature Society , 2016, p. 99-116Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 873.
    Österholm, Maria Margareta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Världens äckligaste prinsesskalas: om ett gurleskt flickrum i samtidslitteraturen2013In: Flicktion : perspektiv på flickan i fiktionen / [ed] Eva Söderberg, Mia Österlund, Bodil Formark, Malmö: Universus Press, 2013, p. 105-119Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 874.
    Östling, Erik A. W.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    "Gudarna återvänder: UFO och den esoteriska traditionen", Håkan Blomqvist, Nomen, 20132014In: UFO-aktuellt, ISSN 0284-9291, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 17-18Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 875.
    Östling, Erik A. W.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Heaven's Gate: Postmodernity and Popular Culture in a Suicide Group by George D. Chryssides, ed.2012In: Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review, ISSN 1946-0538, E-ISSN 1946-0538, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 131-134Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 876.
    Östling, Erik A. W.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Heralds of the Cosmic Brother Hood: The Story of the Swedish Contactee Sten Lindgren2015In: Handbook of Nordic New Religions / [ed] James R. Lewis, Inga Bårdsen Tøllefsen, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2015, p. 374-389Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 877.
    Östling, Erik A. W.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Raëlrörelsen: En vetenskaplig religion eller en religion i vetenskapsliknandeklädnad?2009In: Aura. Tidskrift för akademiska studier av nyreligiositet, ISSN 2000-4419, Vol. 1, p. 70-103Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 878.
    Östling, Erik A. W.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Sökandet efter mönster2010In: UFO-aktuellt, ISSN 0284-9291, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 4-8Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 879.
    Östling, Erik A. W.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    ’Those Who Came From The Sky’: Ancient Astronauts and Creationism in The Raëlian Religion2014In: Controversial New Religions / [ed] James R. Lewis, Jesper Aagaard Petersen, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014, 2Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 880.
    Östling, Erik A. W.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    “Those Who Came From The Sky”: Ancient Astronauts And Creationism In The Raëlian Religion2013In: Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review, ISSN 1946-0538, E-ISSN 1946-0538, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 284-299Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will discuss the religious creation of the Frenchman Claude Vorilhon, currently known as his holiness Raël. Following an alleged encounter with an extraterrestrial in 1973 he founded the Raëlian religion. The main tenets of his religion are the notions that humankind is the creation of a group of extraterrestrial scientists; that bodily sensuality and sexuality is something positive; that immortality can be achieved through scientific means; and that if we prove ourselves worthy and rid our world of all destructive tendencies we will inherit the knowledge of our creators and become able to continue the creative cycle by creating life elsewhere in the cosmos. The present article will situate this religion within the context of ancient astronaut theories

  • 881.
    Östling, Erik A. W.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    What Does God Need with a Starship? UFOs and Extrarerrestrials in the Contemporary Religious Landscape2016In: The Oxford handbook of new religious movements: Volume II / [ed] James R. Lewis, Inga B. Tøllefsen, New York: Oxford University Press, 2016, 2, p. 417-430Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 882.
    Östling, Erik A. W.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Andersson, Pia
    Brenda Denzler: The Lure of the Edge. Scientific Passions, Religious Beliefs, and the Pursuit of UFOs2010In: Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review, ISSN 1946-0538, E-ISSN 1946-0538, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 72-75Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 883.
    Östling, Erik A. W.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Lewis, James R.
    Death and the afterlife in the Raëlian religion2017In: The Routledge Companion to Death and Dying / [ed] Christopher M. Moreman, New York: Routledge, 2017, p. 230-242Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 884.
    Östlund, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Femininitet, sexualitet, kropp och makt: En semiotisk bildanalys av Kim Kardashian Wests selfies på Instagram2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen syftar till att undersöka hur Kim Kardashian West porträtterar sig själv i sina selfies och porträtt på sitt Instagramkonto. Fokus ligger på att undersöka detta utifrån maktaxlarna kön och sexualitet och hur hon iscensätter dessa i sina bilder. En av frågeställningarna som uppsatsen syftar till att besvara är hur hennes selfies och porträtt kan tolkas i relation till femininitet, sexualitet, kropp och makt. En annan frågeställning syftar till att besvara huruvida selfien som fenomen är sexistisk och objektifierande, eller om den är ett uttryck för självbestämmande över ens kropp.

    Materialet som används för att besvara frågeställningarna är fyra bilder som Kim Kardashian West har lagt upp på sitt Instagramkonto. Två av dessa är selfies och två är porträtt. Tre av bilderna föreställer Kim Kardashian West lättklädd och sexuellt poserande. En av bilderna porträtterar henne i ett entreprenörssammanhang. Uppsatsen utgår från flera teoretiska ramverk, exempelvis Erikssons och Göthlunds redogörelse för teoribildningen om hur kvinnokroppen har porträtterats genom tiderna och Mulveys teori om ”the male gaze”. Vidare redogör uppsatsen för tidigare forskning om bland annat selfies och porträtt och vikten av att ha ett personligt varumärke i en tid av medialisering och kändiskultur.

    Analysen baseras på en semiotisk bildanalys uppdelad i två olika nivåer, denotativ och konnotativ, på alla fyra bilder. Efter analysen följer en avslutande diskussion som återkopplar till frågeställningarna och drar slutsatser kring dessa. Resultatet pekar på att selfien är ett komplext fenomen. Trots att Kim Kardashian Wests selfies ofta anspelar heteronormativa ideal kring sexualitet och den kvinnliga kroppen, så kan selfien likväl tolkas som ett uttryck för självbestämmande som ett uttryck för sexism och objektifiering.

    Nyckelord: Kim Kardashian West, Instagram, selfie, sociala medier, kändiskultur, the male gaze, kvinnokroppen, femininitet, performativitet, objektifiering.

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