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  • 951.
    Xu, Quan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Kerdphon, Sutthichat
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Rujirawanich, Janjira
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Krajangsri, Suppachai
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Andersson, Pher
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Highly Active Cationic NHC, Phosphine Iridium Catalysts for Base Free Asymmetric Hydrogenation of KetonesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 952.
    Xu, Yunhua
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Synthesis and Photoinduced Electron Transfer of Donor-Sensitizer-Acceptor Systems2005Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Artificial systems involving water oxidation and solar cells are promising ways for the conversion of solar energy into fuels and electricity. These systems usually consist of a photosensitizer, an electron donor and / or an electron acceptor. This thesis deals with the synthesis and photoinduced electron transfer of several donor-sensitizer-acceptor supramolecular systems.

    The first part of this thesis describes the synthesis and properties of two novel dinuclear ruthenium complexes as electron donors to mimic the donor side reaction of Photosystem II. These two Ru2 complexes were then covalently linked to ruthenium trisbipyridine and the properties of the resulting trinuclear complexes were studied by cyclic voltammetry and transient absorption spectroscopy.

    The second part presents the synthesis and photoinduced electron transfer of covalently linked donor-sensitizer supramolecular systems in the presence of TiO2 as electron acceptors. Electron donors are tyrosine, phenol and their derivatives, and dinuclear ruthenium complexes. Intramolecular electron transfer from the donor to the oxidized sensitizer was observed by transient absorption spectroscopy after light excitation of the Ru(bpy)32+ moiety. The potential applications of Ru2-based electron donors in artificial systems for water oxidation and solar cells are discussed.

    In the final part, the photoinduced interfacial electron transfer in the systems based on carotenoids and TiO2 is studied. Carotenoids are shown to act as both sensitizers and electron donors, which could be used in artificial systems to mimic the electron transfer chain in natural photosynthesis.

  • 953. Xu, Yunhua
    et al.
    Duan, Lele
    Tong, Lianpeng
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Sun, Licheng
    Visible light-driven water oxidation catalyzed by a highly efficient dinuclear ruthenium complex2010In: Chemical Communications, ISSN 1359-7345, E-ISSN 1364-548X, Vol. 46, no 35, p. 6506-6508Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 954.
    Xu, Yunhua
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Technology (KTH).
    Duan, Lele
    Royal Institute of Technology (KTH).
    Åkermark, Torbjörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Tong, Lianpeng
    Royal Institute of Technology (KTH).
    Lee, Bao-Lin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zhang, Rong
    Dalian University of Technology (DUT), (P.R. China).
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Sun, Licheng
    Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Synthesis and catalytic water oxidation activities of ruthenium complexes containing neutral ligands2011In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 17, no 34, p. 9520-9528Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two dinuclear and one mononuclear ruthenium complexes containing neutral polypyridyl ligands have been synthesised as pre-water oxidation catalysts and characterised by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy and ESI-MS. Their catalytic water oxidation properties in the presence of [Ce-(NH4)2(NO3)6] (CeIV) as oxidant at pH 1.0 have been investigated. At low concentrations of CeIV (5 mM), high turnover numbers of up to 4500 have been achieved. An 18O-labelling experiment established that both O atoms in the evolved O2 originate from water. Combined electrochemical study and electrospray ionisation mass spectrometric analysis suggest that ligand exchange between coordinated 4-picoline and free water produces Ru aquo species as the real water oxidation catalysts.

  • 955. Xu, Yunhua
    et al.
    Fischer, Andreas
    Duan, Lele
    Tong, Lianpeng
    Gabrielsson, Erik
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Sun, Licheng
    Chemical and light-driven oxidation of water catalyzed by an efficient dinuclear ruthenium complex2010In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 49, no 47, p. 8934-8937Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 956.
    Yang, Bin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Catalytic Stereoselective Formation of C–O, C–C and C–B Bonds: A Voyage from Asymmetric Reactions Enabled by Lipases to Stereoselective Palladium-Catalyzed Oxidative Transformations of Enallenes2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has been focused on enzymatic kinetic resolutions and stereoselective oxidative transformations of enallenes catalyzed by PdII.

    In the first part of the thesis, a detailed discussion on Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB)-catalyzed kinetic resolution (KR) of δ-functionalized alkan-2-acetates is shown. We gained a deeper insight into the mechanism of enzyme-substrate recognition. Changing from an anhydrous solvent to water or a water-containing organic solvent enhanced the enantioselectivity. The effect of –OH was also confirmed by a lipase mutant suggesting that the water molecule mentioned above can be partly mimicked.

    In the second part of the thesis, we developed an efficient KR for allenic alcohols. On this basis, a novel synthesis of optically pure 2-substituted 2,3-dihydrofurans from allenic alcohols via a Ru-catalyzed cycloisomerization was reported. The developed protocol enabled us to assemble an optically pure precursor for total synthesis with three chiral centers from readily available allenol in 2 days.

    In the third part, we reported a class of reactions involving C–H cleavage under mild conditions: PdII-catalyzed oxidative transformations of enallenes. These reactions are particularly attractive since a number of meticulous structures have been achieved from readily accessible starting materials. The directing effect of an unsaturated hydrocarbon was found to be key for these transformations.

    In the final part, we developed the carbonylative insertion reaction discussed in the third part of the thesis into an asymmetric version. By using this methodology, a number of cyclopentenone compounds were obtained in good to excellent enantioselectivity.

  • 957.
    Yang, Bin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Lihammar, Richard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Investigation of the Impact of Water on the Enantioselectivity Displayed by CALB in the Kinetic Resolution of δ-Functionalized Alkan-2-ol Derivatives2014In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 20, no 42, p. 13517-13521Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is shown that the low enantioselectivity of Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB)-catalyzed transesterification of a δ-functionalized alkan-2-ol to its acetate does not correlate at all with the high enantioselectivity of the CALB-catalyzed hydrolysis of the corresponding acetate in water. This lack of correlation is unusual and for unfunctionalized alkan-2-ol derivatives there is a very good correlation between the enantioselectivity of transesterification of the alcohol and hydrolysis of the corresponding acetate (E>200 in both cases). The results confirm previous predictions from molecular modeling. The water effect was mimicked by CALB variant Ala281Ser, which showed an enhanced enantioselectivity in transesterification of δ-functionalized alkan-2-ols compared to wild-type CALB.

  • 958.
    Yang, Bin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Qiu, Youai
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Jiang, Tuo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Wulff, William D.
    Yin, Xiaopeng
    Zhu, Can
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Enantioselective Palladium-Catalyzed Carbonylative Carbocyclization of Enallenes via Cross-Dehydrogenative Coupling with Terminal Alkyne: Efficient Construction of a-Chirality of Ketones2017In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 56, no 16, p. 4535-4539Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An enantioselective PdII/Brønsted acid-catalyzed carbonylative carbocyclization of enallenes ending with a cross-dehydrogenative coupling (CDC) with a terminal alkyne was developed. VAPOL phosphoric acid was found as the best co-catalyst among the examined 28 chiral acids, for inducing the enantioselectivity of α-chiral ketones. As a result, a number of chiral cyclopentenones were easily synthesized in good to excellent enantiomeric ratio with good yields.

  • 959.
    Yang, Bin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zhu, Can
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Qiu, Youai
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Enzyme- and Ruthenium-Catalyzed Enantioselective Transformation of alpha-Allenic Alcohols into 2,3-Dihydrofurans2016In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 55, no 18, p. 5568-5572Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An efficient one-pot method for the enzyme- and ruthenium-catalyzed enantioselective transformation of alpha-allenic alcohols into 2,3-dihydrofurans has been developed. The method involves an enzymatic kinetic resolution and a subsequent ruthenium-catalyzed cycloisomerization, which provides 2,3-dihydrofurans with excellent enantioselectivity (up to >99%ee). A ruthenium carbene species was proposed as a key intermediate in the cycloisomerization.

  • 960.
    Yang, Hai-Bin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Pathipati, Stalin R.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Selander, Nicklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Nickel-Catalyzed 1,2-Aminoarylation of Oxime Ester-Tethered Alkenes with Boronic Acids2017In: ACS Catalysis, ISSN 2155-5435, E-ISSN 2155-5435, Vol. 7, no 12, p. 8441-8445Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A nickel-catalyzed 1,2-aminoarylation of oximeester-tethered alkenes with boronic acids was developed. A variety of pyrroline derivatives were synthesized in good yields via the successive formation of C(sp(3))-N and C(sp(3))-C(sp(2)) bonds. For cyclobutanone-derived oxime esters, the reaction provided aliphatic nitriles incorporating an aromatic group in the gamma-position. A mechanism involving iminyl radical and carbon-centered radical intermediates was proposed.

  • 961.
    Yang, Hai-Bin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Selander, Nicklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    A redox-economical synthesis of trifluoromethylated enamides with the Langlois reagent2017In: Organic and biomolecular chemistry, ISSN 1477-0520, E-ISSN 1477-0539, Vol. 15, no 8, p. 1771-1775Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A redox-economical strategy for the synthesis of trifluoromethylated enamides using copper catalysis is reported. The reaction employs the inexpensive Langlois reagent (CF3SO2Na) and takes place without the need of an external oxidant. The trifluoromethylated enamide products can easily be converted into the corresponding ketone, saturated amide or oxazole.

  • 962.
    Yang, Hai-Bin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Selander, Nicklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Divergent Iron-Catalyzed Coupling of O-Acyloximes with Silyl Enol Ethers2017In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 23, no 8, p. 1779-1783Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An iron-catalyzed coupling reaction of O-acyloximes and O-benzoyl amidoximes with silyl enol ethers is reported. The protocol provides access to functionalized pyrroles, 1,6-ketonitriles, pyrrolines and imidazolines via carbon-centered radicals generated from an initially formed iminyl radical. The intramolecular cyclization and ring-opening processes of the iminyl radical take place preferentially over reactions that proceed through a 1,3-hydrogen transfer, providing insights into iron-catalyzed reactions with oxime derivatives. The cheap and environmentally friendly iron catalyst, the broad substrate scope and the functional group compatibility make this protocol useful for synthesis of valuable nitrogen-containing products.

  • 963. Yang, Mingjun
    et al.
    Angles d'Ortoli, Thibault
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Säwén, Elin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Jana, Madhurima
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    MacKerell, Jr., Alexander D.
    Delineating the conformational flexibility of trisaccharides from NMR spectroscopy experiments and computer simulations2016In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 18, no 28, p. 18776-18794Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The conformation of saccharides in solution is challenging to characterize in the context of a single well-defined three-dimensional structure. Instead, they are better represented by an ensemble of conformations associated with their structural diversity and flexibility. In this study, we delineate the conformational heterogeneity of five trisaccharides via a combination of experimental and computational techniques. Experimental NMR measurements target conformationally sensitive parameters, including J couplings and effective distances around the glycosidic linkages, while the computational simulations apply the well-calibrated additive CHARMM carbohydrate force field in combination with efficient enhanced sampling molecular dynamics simulation methods. Analysis of conformational heterogeneity is performed based on sampling of discreet states as defined by dihedral angles, on root-mean-square differences of Cartesian coordinates and on the extent of volume sampled. Conformational clustering, based on the glycosidic linkage dihedral angles, shows that accounting for the full range of sampled conformations is required to reproduce the experimental data, emphasizing the utility of the molecular simulations in obtaining an atomic detailed description of the conformational properties of the saccharides. Results show the presence of differential conformational preferences as a function of primary sequence and glycosidic linkage types. Significant differences in conformational ensembles associated with the anomeric configuration of a single glycosidic linkage reinforce the impact of such changes on the conformational properties of carbohydrates. The present structural insights of the studied trisaccharides represent a foundation for understanding the range of conformations adopted in larger oligosaccharides and how these molecules encode their conformational heterogeneity into the monosaccharide sequence.

  • 964.
    Yang, Yuzhu
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Szabó, Kálmán J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Synthesis of Allenes by Catalytic Coupling of Propargyl Carbonates with Aryl Iodides in the Presence of Diboron Species2016In: Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0022-3263, E-ISSN 1520-6904, Vol. 81, no 1, p. 250-255Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bimetallic copper-/palladium-catalyzed multicomponent reaction of propargyl carbonates, aryl iodides, and diboron species was studied. This procedure can be used for synthesis of di-, tri-, and tetra-substituted allenes. Using diboronic acid, the reaction is supposed to proceed via allenylboronic acid intermediate.

  • 965. Yotapan, Nattawut
    et al.
    Paptchikhine, Alexander
    Bera, Milan
    Avula, Satya Kumar
    Vilaivan, Tirayut
    Andersson, Pher G.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry. University of Kwazulu Natal, South Africa.
    Simple Proline-Derived Phosphine-Thiazole Iridium Complexes for Asymmetric Hydrogenation of Trisubstituted Olefins2013In: Asian Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 2193-5807, Vol. 2, no 8, p. 674-680Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Proline-based phosphine-thiazole/imidazole ligands have been synthesized and successfully applied in the homogeneous, iridium-catalyzed, asymmetric hydrogenation of trisubstituted functionalized and unfunctionalized olefins. Five different sets of ligands were prepared then evaluated for their catalytic activity and enantioselectivity in asymmetric hydrogenation.

  • 966.
    Yu, Zheng-Bao
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Han, Yu
    Zhao, Lan
    Huang, Shiliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Zheng, Qi-Yu
    Lin, Shuangzheng
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Córdova, Armando
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zou, Xiaodong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Intergrown New Zeolite Beta Polymorphs with Interconnected 12-Ring Channels Solved by Combining Electron Crystallography and Single-Crystal X-ray Diffraction2012In: Chemistry of Materials, ISSN 0897-4756, E-ISSN 1520-5002, Vol. 24, no 19, p. 3701-3706Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two new polymorphs of zeolite beta, denoted as SU-78A and SU-78B, were synthesized by employing dicyclohexylammonium hydroxides as organic structuredirecting agents. The structure was solved by combining transmission electron microscopy and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. SU-78 is an intergrowth of SU-78A and SU-78B and contains interconnected 12-ring channels in three directions. The two polymorphs are built from the same building layer, similar to that for the zeolite beta family. The layer stacking in SU-78, however, is different from those in zeolite beta polymorph A, B, and C, showing new zeolite framework topologies. SU-78 is thermally stable up to 600°C.

  • 967.
    Yuan, Ning
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
    Pascanu, Vlad
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Huang, Zhehao
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Heidenreich, Niclas
    Leubner, Sebastian
    Inge, A. Ken
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Gaar, Jakob
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Stock, Norbert
    Persson, Ingmar
    Martín-Matute, Belén
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zou, Xiaodong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Probing the active catalytic species generated from Pd(II)@MIL-101-NH2 in Heck coupling reactions: An operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy studyArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 968.
    Yuan, Weiming
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Szabo, Kalman J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Catalytic Intramolecular Aminofluorination, Oxyfluorination, and Carbofluorination with a Stable and Versatile Hypervalent Fluoroiodine Reagent2015In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 54, no 29, p. 8533-8537Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Application of a fluoroiodine analogue of the Togni reagent was studied in fluorocyclization reactions. In the presence of a transition-metal catalyst the applied fluoroiodine reagent can be used for aminofluorination, oxyfluorination, and carbofluorination reactions. The described procedure has a very broad synthetic scope for preparation of functionalized hetero- and isocyclic compounds having a tertiary fluorine substituent.

  • 969.
    Yuan, Weiming
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Szabo, Kalman J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Rhodium-Catalyzed Oxy-Aminofluorination of Diazoketones with Tetrahydrofurans and N-Fluorobenzenesulfonimide2016In: ACS Catalysis, ISSN 2155-5435, E-ISSN 2155-5435, Vol. 6, no 10, p. 6687-6691Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have developed a rhodium-catalyzed oxy-aminofluorination method for transformation of diazoketones. The reaction is based on addition of tetrahydrofuran derivatives and N-fluorobenzenesulfonimide (NFSI) to the diazoketone substrate. The reaction can be performed under mild conditions with high regioselectivity. The synthetic scope involves a wide variety of diazoketones and tetrahydrofuran derivatives. The reaction is supposed to proceed via a tetrahydrofuran based onium ylide intermediate, which is formed from rhodium-carbenoid.

  • 970.
    Zaccheus, Mona
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Structural and Conformational Studies of Oligo- and Polysaccharides2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this thesis is to examine the structural properties of polysaccharides produced by bacteria, as well as the dynamic and conformational behavior of a synthetically derived oligosaccharide.

    The primary structures of the O-polysaccharide repeating units of four different Escherichia coli (E. coli) strains, namely O175, O177, O103 and TD2158, as well as the first report of a capsular polysaccharide produced by lactic acid bacteria Leuconostoc mesenteroides ssp. cremoris PIA2 are reported in paper I–V. Structural analyses have been performed using a combination of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and chemical component analysis.

    The elucidated structures in paper I–III, as well as paper V, are composed of linear repeating units of varying composition and length. In paper IV, the structure of the O-polysaccharide repeating unit of E. coli TD2158 is determined to be a branched hexasaccharide structure with a heterogeneous substitution pattern, with either a β-GlcpNAc or β-Glcp residue branching to the backbone chain. Incubation with bacteriophage HK620 tailspike protein shows that the polysaccharide is selectively cleaved at the α-GlcpNAc-(1→2)-α-Rhap-linkage of the backbone chain, yielding a 9:1 ratio of β-GlcpNAc/β-Glcp containing hexasaccharides after digestion.

    In paper VI the conformational properties of a trisaccharide, which constitutes an internal epitope of the LeaLex hexasaccharide over-expressed on the surface of squamous lung cancer cells, have been analyzed using NMR spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulations. The β-(1→3)-linkage of the trisaccharide was shown to be highly flexible.

  • 971.
    Zaccheus, Mona
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Pendrill, Robert
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Jackson, Trudy A.
    Wang, An
    Auzanneau, France-Isabelle
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Conformational Dynamics of a Central Trisaccharide Fragment of the LeaLex Tumor Associated Antigen Studied by NMR Spectroscopy and Molecular Dynamics Simulations2012In: European Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 1434-193X, E-ISSN 1099-0690, no 25, p. 4705-4715Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Certain carbohydrate structures are recognized as cancer antigens, and identification of these and relevant epitopes are essential in fighting the disease. The trisaccharide beta-D-GlcpNAc-(1?3)-beta-D-Galp-(1?4)-beta-D-GlcpNAc-OMe represents a model for the central region of the LeaLex hexasaccharide and it has herein been investigated by 1D 1H,1H-NOESY experiments to obtain effective interresidue protonproton distances as well as by 2D J-HMBC experiments to determine transglycosidic 3JCH coupling constants. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations using explicit water as solvent and three different carbohydrate force fields, namely, GLYCAM06, PARM22/SU01, and CHARMM2011, were employed for the interpretation of experimental data. Overall, the force field based MD simulations are able to reproduce the experimental data and the ? torsion angle at the beta-(1?3)-linkage is concluded to be flexible. In addition, different minor states were present for the three force fields with either anti-? or non-exo-anomeric conformations. Transitions between the exo-anomeric and the non-exo-anomeric conformations for the f torsion angle at the beta-(1?4)-linkage in one of the MD simulations were analyzed in detail. It was found that hydrogen-bonding water molecules, interresidue hydrogen bonds and the transitions between antiperiplanar and synperiplanar conformations for the tH torsion angle of an N-acetyl group were all essential in the description of the glycosidic transition process. In particular, the transition of tH may be a general way of regulating other transitions into less populated but biologically important conformational regions.

  • 972.
    Zaccheus, Mona V.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ali, Tara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Cloeckaert, Axel
    Zygmunt, Michel S.
    Weintraub, Andrej
    Iriarte, Maite
    Moriyon, Ignacio
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    The Epitopic and Structural Characterization of Brucella suis Biovar 2 O-Polysaccharide Demonstrates the Existence of a New M-Negative C-Negative Smooth Brucella Serovar2013In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 1, p. e53941-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The brucellae are Gram-negative bacteria that cause an important zoonosis. Studies with the main Brucella species have shown that the O-antigens of the Brucella smooth lipopolysaccharide are alpha-(1 -> 2) and alpha-(1 -> 3)-linked N-formyl-perosamine polysaccharides that carry M, A and C (A = M, A>M and A<M) epitopes relevant in serodiagnosis and typing. We report that, in contrast to the B. suis biovar 1 O-antigen used as a reference or to all described Brucella O-antigens, B. suis biovar 2 O-antigen failed to bind monoclonal antibodies of C (A = M), C (M>A) and M specificities. However, the biovar 2 O-antigen bound monoclonal antibodies to the Brucella A epitope, and to the C/Y epitope shared by brucellae and Yersinia enterocolitica O:9, a bacterium that carries an N-formyl-perosamine O-antigen in exclusively alpha-(1 -> 2)-linkages. By C-13 NMR spectroscopy, B. suis biovar 1 but not B. suis biovar 2 or Y.enterocolitica O:9 polysaccharide showed the signal characteristic of alpha-(1 -> 3)-linked N-formyl-perosamine, indicating that biovar 2 may altogether lack this linkage. Taken together, the NMR spectroscopy and monoclonal antibody analyses strongly suggest a role for alpha-(1 -> 3)-linked N-formyl-perosamine in the C (A = M) and C (M>A) epitopes. Moreover, they indicate that B. suis biovar 2 O-antigen lacks some lipopolysaccharide epitopes previously thought to be present in all smooth brucellae, thus representing a new brucella serovar that is M-negative, C-negative. Serologically and structurally this new serovar is more similar to Y. enterocolitica O:9 than to other brucellae.

  • 973.
    Zaccheus, Mona V.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Broeker, Nina K.
    Lundborg, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Uetrecht, Charlotte
    Barbirz, Stefanie
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Structural studies of the O‐antigen polysaccharide from Escherichia coli TD2158 having O18 serogroup specificity and aspects of its interaction with the tailspike endoglycosidase of the infecting bacteriophage HK6202012In: Carbohydrate Research, ISSN 0008-6215, E-ISSN 1873-426X, Vol. 357, p. 118-125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have analyzed the O-antigen polysaccharide of the previously uncharacterized Escherichia coli strain TD2158 which is a host of bacteriophage HK620. This bacteriophage recognizes and cleaves the polysaccharide with its tailspike protein (TSP). The polysaccharide preparation as well as oligosaccharides obtained from HK620TSP endoglycosidase digests were analyzed with NMR spectroscopy. Additionally, sugar analysis was performed on the O-antigen polysaccharide and MALDI-TOF MS was used in oligosaccharide analysis. The present study revealed a heterogeneous polysaccharide with a hexasaccharide repeating unit of the following structure: α-D-Glcp-(1→6|) →2)-α-L-Rhap-91→6)-α-D-Glcp-(1→4)-α-D-Ga|lp-(1→3)-α-D-GlcpNAc-(1→ β-D-Glcp/β-D-GlcpNAc-(1→3) A repeating unit with a D-GlcNAc substitution of D-Gal has been described earlier as characteristic for serogroup O18A1. Accordingly, we termed repeating units with D-Glc substitution at D-Gal as O18A2. NMR analyses of the polysaccharide confirmed that O18A1- and O18A2-type repeats were present in a 1:1 ratio. However, HK620TSP preferentially bound the D-GlcNAc-substituted O18A1-type repeating units in its high affinity binding pocket with a dissociation constant of 140 μM and disfavored the O18A2-type having a β-D-Glcp-(1→3)-linked group. As a result, in hexasaccharide preparations, O18A1 and O18A2 repeats were present in a 9:1 ratio stressing the clear preference of O18A1-type repeats to be cleaved by HK620TSP.

  • 974.
    Zain, Rula
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science.
    Nucleoside H-phosphonothioates: synthesis, oxidation and ³¹P NMR studies1995Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 975.
    Zhao, Gui-Ling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Catalytic asymmetric Baylis–Hillman reactions and surroundings2010In: Catalytic Asymmetric Conjugate Reactions / [ed] Armando Córdova, Weinheim: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA , 2010, 1, p. 393-438Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 976.
    Zhao, Gui-Ling
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Córdova, Armando
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    ECAs of organolithium reagents, Grignard reagents, and examples of Cu-catalyzed ECAs2010In: Catalytic Asymmetric Conjugate Reactions / [ed] Armando Córdova, Weinheim: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA , 2010, 1, p. 145-167Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 977.
    Zhao, Gui-Ling
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Dziedzic, Pawel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ullah, Farman
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry, Department of Structural Chemistry.
    Córdova, Armando
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Organocatalytic enantioselective domino synthesis of highly functionalized cyclohexanes with an all-carbon quaternary stereocenter2009In: Tetrahedron Letters, ISSN 0040-4039, E-ISSN 1359-8562, Vol. 50, no 26, p. 3458-3462Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A highly enantioselective organocatalytic domino Michael/aldol reaction is presented. The reaction is catalyzed by chiral amines and gives access to highly functionalized cyclohexanes with one all-carbon quaternary stereocenter and multiple chiral stereocenters in high yields and 83–98% ee.

  • 978.
    Zhao, Gui-Ling
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Hafrén, Jonas
    Deiana, Luca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Córdova, Armando
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Heterogeneous "organoclick" derivatization of polysaccharides: Photochemical thiol-ene click modification of solid cellulose2010In: Macromolecular rapid communications, ISSN 1022-1336, E-ISSN 1521-3927, Vol. 31, no 8, p. 740-744Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A simple and direct method for derivatization of solid polysaccharides is presented. The novel methodology is based on the combination of organic acid-catalyzed esterification or etherification and photochemical thiol-ene click derivatization of a heterogeneous polysaccharide. The solid cellulose was “organoclick” modified with aryl, alkyl and polyester groups, respectively. The modification allows for a highly modular and metal free surface modification of solid polysaccharides.

  • 979.
    Zhao, Gui-Ling
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Lin, Shuangzheng
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Korotvicka, Ales
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Deiana, Luca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Kullberg, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Córdova, Armando
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Asymmetric synthesis of Maraviroc (UK-427,857)2010In: Advanced Synthesis and Catalysis, ISSN 1615-4150, E-ISSN 1615-4169, Vol. 352, no 13, p. 2291-2298Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The asymmetric synthesis of Maraviroc (UK-427,857), a chemochine receptor 5 (CCR-5) receptor antagonist, based on an expeditious organocatalytic enantioselective assembly of the chiral β-amino aldehyde key fragment is presented. The reactions were performed on a gram-scale and allow for the rapid construction of new Maraviroc analogues.

  • 980.
    Zhao, Gui-Ling
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ullah, Farman
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Luca, Deiana
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Lin, Shuangzheng
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Zhang, Qiong
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry, Structural Chemistry.
    Ibrahem, Ismail
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Dziedzic, Pawel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Córdova, Armando
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Dynamic kinetic asymmetric transformation (DYKAT) by combined amine- and transition-metal-catalyzed enantioselective cycloisomerization2010In: Chemistry: a European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, Vol. 16, no 5, p. 1585-1591Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 981.
    Zhao, Tony
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Synthesis of functionalized allylic, propargylic and allenylic compounds: Selective formation of C–B, C–C, C–CF3 and C-Si bonds2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is focused on the development of new palladium and copper- mediated reactions for functionalization of alkenes and propargylic alcohol derivatives. The synthetic utility of the 1,2-diborylated butadienes synthesized in one of these processes has also been demonstrated.

    We have developed an efficient procedure for the synthesis of allenyl boronates from propargylic carbonates and acetates. This was achieved by using a bimetallic system of palladium and copper or silver as co-catalyst. The reactions were performed under mild conditions for the synthesis of a variety of allenyl boronates. Furthermore, the synthesis of 1,2-diborylated butadienes was achieved with high diastereoselectivity from propargylic epoxides. The reactivity of the 1,2-diborylated butadienes with aldehydes was studied. It was found that the initial allylboration reaction proceeds via an allenylboronate intermediate. The allenylboronate reacts readily with an additional aldehyde to construct 2-ethynylbutane-1,4-diols with moderate to high diastereoselectivity.

    We have also studied the copper-mediated trifluoromethylation of propargylic halides and trifluoroacetates. It was also shown that a transfer of chirality occurred when an enantioenriched starting material was used.

    In the last part of the thesis, we have described a method for palladium-catalyzed functionalization of allylic C-H bonds for the selective synthesis of allylic silanes. The protocol only works under highly oxidative conditions which suggest a mechanism involving high oxidation state palladium intermediates.

  • 982.
    Zhao, Tony S. N.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Copper and Palladium-Mediated Transformationsof Allylic and Propargylic Substrates2014Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is focused on the development of new palladium and copper-mediated reactions for functionalization of alkenes and propargylic alcohol derivatives. We have developed an efficient procedure for the synthesis of allenyl and propargyl boronate from propargylic carbonates and acetates. The reactions were performed under mild conditions for the synthesis of a variety of allenyl boronates. We have also observed a switch of regioselectivity for the formation of propargylic boronates using CuCl as a co-catalyst. This is, as far as we know, the first metal-catalyzed reaction for the synthesis of propargylic boronates. Furthermore, the synthesis of 1,2-diborylated butadienes was achieved with high diastereoselectivity from propargylic epoxides. A wide variety of propargylic epoxides could be converted to the corresponding dienes and this is the first catalytic protocol to form 1,2-diborylated butadienes.

    We have also studied the copper-mediated trifluoromethylation of propargylic halides and trifluoroacetates. Depending on the temperature, two different regioselective outcomes were observed. It was also shown that a transfer of chirality occurred when an enantioenriched starting material was used.

    In the last part of the thesis, we have described a method for palladium-catalyzed functionalization of allylic C-H bonds for selective synthesis of allylic silanes. The reaction is regioselective and gives only the linear allylic silane. The protocol only works under highly oxidative conditions which suggest a mechanism involving high oxidation state palladium intermediates.

  • 983.
    Zhao, Tony S. N.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Szabó, Kálmán J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Trifluoromethylation of Propargylic Halides and Trifluoroacetates Using (Ph3P)(3)Cu(CF3) Reagent2012In: Organic Letters, ISSN 1523-7060, E-ISSN 1523-7052, Vol. 14, no 15, p. 3966-3969Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A copper-mediated trifluoromethylation of propargylic halides and trifluoroacetates was performed with high allenyl or propargyl selectivity. The reaction proceeds smoothly with aliphatic and aromatic substituents bearing either electron-withdrawing or -supplying groups. Preliminary mechanistic results indicate an ionic mechanism involving nucleophilic transfer of the CF3 group from the Cu complex to the propargylic substrate.

  • 984.
    Zhao, Tony S. N.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Yang, Yuzhu
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Lessing, Timo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Szabó, Kálmán J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Borylation of Propargylic Substrates by Bimetallic Catalysis. Synthesis of Allenyl, Propargylic, and Butadienyl Bpin Derivatives2014In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 136, no 21, p. 7563-7566Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bimetallic Pd/Cu and Pd/Ag catalytic systems were used for borylation of propargylic alcohol derivatives. The substrate scope includes even terminal alkynes. The reactions proceed stererospecifically with formal S(N)2' pathways to give allenyl boronates. Opening of propargyl epoxides leads to 1,2-diborylated butadienes probably via en allenylboronate intermediate.

  • 985.
    Zhou, Taigang
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Peters, Byron
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Maldonado, Matias F.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Govender, Thavendran
    University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
    Andersson, Pher G.
    Uppsala University, Sweden; University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
    Enantioselective Synthesis of Chiral Sulfones by Ir-Catalyzed Asymmetric Hydrogenation: A Facile Approach to the Preparation of Chiral Allylic and Homoallylic Compounds2012In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 134, no 33, p. 13592-13595Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A highly efficient and enantioselective Ir-catalyzed hydrogenation of unsaturated sulfones was developed. Chiral cyclic and acyclic sulfones were produced in excellent enantioselectivities (up to 98% ee). Coupled with the Ramberg–Bäcklund rearrangement, this reaction offers a novel route to chiral allylic and homoallylic compounds in excellent enantioselectivities (up to 97% ee) and high yields (up to 94%).

  • 986.
    Zhou, Yihui
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
    Yin, Ge
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
    Asplund, Lillemor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
    Stewart, Kathryn
    Rantakokko, Panu
    Bignert, Anders
    Ruokojärvi, Päivi
    Kiviranta, Hannu
    Qiu, Yanling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
    Ma, Zhijun
    Bergman, Åke
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
    High concentrations of OCDD and related chemicals in heron and tern eggs from Yangtze River Delta indicating PCP originArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 987.
    Zhu, Can
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Yang, Bin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Jiang, Tuo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Olefin-Directed Palladium-Catalyzed Regio- and Stereoselective Oxidative Arylation of Allenes2015In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 54, no 31, p. 9066-9069Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An olefin-directed palladium-catalyzed oxidative regio- and stereoselective arylation of allenes to afford 1,3,6-trienes has been established. A number of functionalized allenes, including 2,3- and 3,4-dienoates and 3,4-dienol derivatives, have been investigated and found to undergo the olefin-directed allene arylation. The olefin moiety has been proven to be a crucial element for the arylating transformation.

  • 988.
    Zhu, Can
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Yang, Bin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Qiu, Youai
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Highly Selective Construction of Seven-Membered Carbocycles by Olefin-Assisted Palladium-Catalyzed Oxidative Carbocyclization-Alkoxycarbonylation of Bisallenes2016In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 55, no 46, p. 14403-14406Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An olefin-assisted palladium-catalyzed oxidative carbocyclization-alkoxycarbonylation of bisallenes to afford seven-membered carbocycles has been established. This dehydrogenative coupling reaction showed excellent substrate scope and functional group compatibility. The reaction exhibited high chemo-and regioselectivity, and ester 3 was the only product obtained. The olefin unit has been proven to be indispensable during the reaction. Moreover, intramolecular oxidative coupling suggests that the reaction proceeds via a (pallyl)palladium intermediate.

  • 989.
    Zhu, Can
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Yang, Bin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Qiu, Youai
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Olefin-Directed Palladium-Catalyzed Regio- and Stereoselective Hydroboration of Allenes2016In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 22, no 9, p. 2939-2943Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An olefin-directed palladium-catalyzed regio- and stereoselective hydroboration of allenes has been developed to afford fully substituted alkenylboron compounds. The reaction showed a broad substrate scope: a number of functionalized allenes, including 2,3-dienoate, 3,4-dienoate, 3,4-dienol, 1,2-allenylphosphonate, and alkyl-substituted allenes, could be used in this olefin-directed allene hydroboration. The olefin unit was proven to be an indispensable element for this transformation.

  • 990.
    Zhu, Mingzhao
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Jalalian, Nazli
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Olofsson, Berit
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    One-pot synthesis of diaryliodonium salts using toluenesulfonic acid - a fast entry to electron-rich diaryliodonium tosylates and triflates2008In: Synlett: Accounts and Rapid Communications in Synthetic Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0936-5214, E-ISSN 1437-2096, no 4, p. 592-596Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A direct synthesis of symmetric and unsymmetric electron-rich diaryliodonium salts is described. The use of MCPBA and toluenesulfonic acid delivers diaryliodonium tosylates in high yields. An in situ anion exchange has also been developed, giving access to the corresponding triflate salts.

  • 991.
    Zmudzka, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Polish Acad Sci, Ctr Mol & Macromol Studies.
    Johansson, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Wojcik, Marzena
    Polish Acad Sci, Ctr Mol & Macromol Studies.
    Janicka, Magdalena
    Polish Acad Sci, Ctr Mol & Macromol Studies.
    Nowak, Marian
    Polish Acad Sci, Ctr Mol & Macromol Studies.
    Stawinski, Jacek
    Nawrot, Barbara
    Polish Acad Sci, Ctr Mol & Macromol Studies.
    Novel DNA Analogues with 2-, 3- and 4-Pyridylphosphonate Internucleotide Bonds: Synthesis and Hybridisation Properties2003In: New Journal of Chemistry, ISSN 1144-0546, Vol. 27, no 12, p. 1698-1705Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Oligothymidylates modified with stereodefined 2-pyridyl-, 3-pyridyl- and 4-pyridylphosphonate moieties at one or two juxtaposed internucleotide positions were prepared, and their avidity towards complementary single stranded DNA and RNA, as well as toward double stranded DNA were evaluated by UV melting temperature and CD studies. It was found that the sense of chirality at the phosphorus centre and the position of the nitrogen atom in the pyridyl ring of a pyridylphosphonate moiety are important factors governing stability of double- and triple-stranded complexes formed by these oligonucleotides. DNA/DNA and DNA/RNA duplexes containing oligothymidylate strands with R-P-pyridylphosphonate units differed only slightly from unmodified reference complexes. In contrast to this, the S-P-pyridylphosphonate derivatives exhibited lower binding affinity than both their R-P-counterparts and the unmodified reference oligonucleotide T-20. Triplexes of oligo(thymidyl pyridylphosphonate)s with hairpin oligomer d(A(21)C(4)T(21)) were found mostly to be thermodynamically slightly more stable in pH 7.4 and less stable in pH 5.0 than non-modified complexes. As expected, oligonucleotides with pyridylphosphonate internucleotide bonds were recognised by 3'- and 5'-exonucleases but the chimeric oligonucleotide chains were not cleaved at the modi. cation sites.

  • 992.
    Åberg, Jenny B.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Mechanistic Studies on Ruthenium-Catalyzed Hydrogen Transfer Reactions2009Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Mechanistic studies on three different ruthenium-based catalysts have been performed. The catalysts have in common that they have been employed in hydrogen transfer reactions involving alcohols and ketones, amines and imines or both.

    Bäckvall’s catalyst, η5-(Ph5C5)Ru(CO)2Cl, finds its application as racemization catalyst in dynamic kinetic resolution, where racemic alcohols are converted to enantiopure acetates in high yields. The mechanism of the racemization has been investigated and both alkoxide and alkoxyacyl intermediates have been characterized by NMR spectroscopy and in situ FT-IR measurements. The presence of acyl intermediates supports a mechanism via CO assistance. Substantial support for coordination of the substrate during the racemization cycle is provided, including exchange studies with both external and internal potential ketone traps. We also detected an unexpected alkoxycarbonyl complex from 5-hydroxy-1-hexene, which has the double bond coordinated to ruthenium.

    Shvo’s catalyst, [Ru2(CO)4(μ-H)(C4Ph4COHOCC4Ph4)] is a powerful catalyst for transfer hydrogenation as well as for dynamic kinetic resolution. The mechanism of this catalyst is still under debate, even though a great number of studies have been published during the past decade. In the present work, the mechanism of the reaction with imines has been investigated. Exchange studies with both an external and an internal amine as potential traps have been performed and the results can be explained by a stepwise inner-sphere mechanism. However, if there is e.g. a solvent cage effect, the results can also be explained by an outer-sphere mechanism. We have found that there is no cage effect in the reduction of a ketone containing a potential internal amine trap. If the mechanism is outer-sphere, an explanation as to why the solvent cage effect is much stronger in the case of imines than ketones is needed.

    Noyori’s catalyst, [p-(Me2CH)C6H4Me]RuH(NH2CHPhCHPhNSO2C6H4-p-CH3), has successfully been used to produce chiral alcohols and amines via transfer hydrogenation. The present study shows that the mechanism for the reduction of imines is different from that of ketones and aldehydes. Acidic activation of the imine was found necessary and an ionic mechanism was proposed.

  • 993.
    Åberg, Jenny B.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Nyhlén, Jonas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Martín-Matute, Belén
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Privalov, Timofei
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    CO Assistance in ligand exchange of a ruthenium racemization catalyst: identification of an acyl intermediate2009In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 131, no 27, p. 9500-9501Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An acyl intermediate in the activation of eta(5)-(Ph(5)Cp)Ru(CO)(2)Cl by t-BuOK was identified by means of in situ FT-IR measurements and NMR spectroscopy. This strongly supports the conclusion that the ligand exchange takes place via CO assistance, i.e., that the activation occurs via nucleophilic attack by tert-butoxide on one of the CO ligands. The tert-butoxycarbonyl intermediate shows stretching vibrations at 1933 and 1596 cm(-1), corresponding to the CO and COOt-Bu groups, respectively. In the (13)C NMR spectrum, the CO group appears at 209.5 ppm and the COOt-Bu group at 208.7 ppm. The NMR assignments were confirmed by density functional theory calculations. The subsequent alcohol-alkoxide exchange is also thought to take place via CO assistance. However, no intermediate in that step could be detected.

  • 994.
    Åberg, Jenny B.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Warner, Madeleine C.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Unexpected formation of a cyclopentadienylruthenium alkoxycarbonyl complex with a coordinated C=C bond2009In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 131, no 38, p. 13622-13624Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 995.
    Åberg, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Samec, Joseph S. M.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bäckvall, Jan-Erling
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Mechanistic Investigation on the Hydrogenation of Imines by [p-(Me2CH)C6H4Me]RuH(NH2CHPhCHPhNSO2C6H4-p-CH3). Experimental support for an  Ionic Pathway2006In: Chemical Communications, ISSN 1359-7345, E-ISSN 1364-548X, no 26, p. 2771-2773Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The need for acidic activation in the stoichiometric hydrogenation of benzyl-[1-phenyl-ethylidene]-amine ( 6a) or [1-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-ethylidene]-methyl-amine ( 6b) by Noyori's catalyst [p-(Me2CH)C6H4Me]RuH(NH2CHPhCHPhNSO2C6H4-p-CH3)( 2) is inconsistent with the proposed concerted mechanism and supports an ionic mechanism.

  • 996.
    Öhberg, Liselotte
    Stockholm University.
    Synthesis of a key derivative of glycosylphosphatidylinositol substances and synthesis of spacer glycosides for use in the formation of glycoconjugates and of self-assembled monolayer surfaces1998Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The first chapter of this thesis describes glycosylation strategies for obtaining derivatives of 2-amino-2-deoxy-a-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->6)-D-myo-inositol, a key building block for synthesis of glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor substances and also proposed to be part of a second messenger for insulin.

    The second chapter describes the synthesis of bifunctional oligoethylene glycol spacers and glycosylation of these for use in formation of glycoconjugates. Synthesis of glycosyl succinimides and their conversion into glycoconjugates are also described.

    In the third chapter, synthesis of various terminated alkane thiols are described for use in formation of self-assembled monolayer surfaces. Globotriose linked alkane thiols with or without oligoethylene glycol spacers in between were mixed with hydroxyl or oligoethylene glycol terminated alkane thiols for formation of model surfaces.

  • 997. Öksnes Dalheim, Marianne
    et al.
    Björk Arnfinnsdottir, Nina
    Widmalm, Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Christensen, Björn E.
    The size and shape of three water-soluble, non-ionic polysaccharides produced by lactic acid bacteria: A comparative study2016In: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 142, p. 91-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Three water-soluble, non-ionic extracellular polysaccharides (EPS) obtained from lactic acid bacteria (S. thermophilus THS, L. helveticus K16 and S. thermophilus ST1) were subjected to a comparative study by means of multidetector size-exclusion chromatography, providing distributions and averages of molar masses, radii of gyration and intrinsic viscosities. All polysaccharides displayed random coil character. Further analysis of the data reveals differences in chain stiffness and extension that could be well correlated to structural features. The calculated persistence lengths ranged from 5 to 10 nm and fall within the range typical for many single-stranded bacterial or plant polysaccharides. The ST1 polysaccharide had the highest molar mass but the lowest persistence length, which is attributed to the presence of the flexible (1 6)-linkage in the main chain.

  • 998.
    Östervall, Jennie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Conformational Dynamics of Carbohydrates Studied by NMR Spectroscopy and Molecular Simulations2006Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Carbohydrates play important roles in biological processes. Their function is closely related to their conformation. In this thesis, conformational studies of carbohydrates by NMR spectroscopy and molecular dynamics computer simulations are described.

    The first two papers discuss the anomalous solubility of β-cyclodextrin compared to other cyclodextrins. Time correlation functions revealed flexibility in all cyclodextrins. Molecular dynamics computer simulations showed that the glycosidic linkages were rather rigid and the flexibility was suggested to be macrocyclic. From spatial distribution functions β-cyclodextrin was found to have greater ability to order the surrounding water than the other cyclodextrins. Paper III deals with some of the difficulties of conformational studies. In Paper IV, a new method, Additative Potential Maximum Entropy, APME, is applied to a disaccharide. Conformational distribution functions are derived from NOEs, J-couplings and residual dipolar couplings and calculated from computer simulations. All distribution functions were found to be in good agreement. In papers V and VI oligosaccharides from human milk are studied. Residual dipolar coupling, J-couplings and cross relaxation rates were measured by NMR spectroscopy and molecular dynamics computer simulations were carried out. Both oligosaccharides showed high flexibility for the β-D-GlcpNAc-(1→3)-β-D-Galp linkage.

  • 999. Číhalová, Sylva
    et al.
    Dziedzic, Pawel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Córdova, Armando
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Veselý, Jan
    Asymmetric Aza-Morita–Baylis–Hillman-type reactions: The highly enantioselective reaction between unmodified α,β-unsaturated aldehydes and N-acylimines by organo-co-catal2011In: Advanced Synthesis and Catalysis, ISSN 1615-4150, E-ISSN 1615-4169, Vol. 353, no 7, p. 1096-1108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The highly enantioselective organo-co-catalytic aza-Morita–Baylis–Hillman (MBH)-type reaction between N-carbamate-protected imines and α,β-unsaturated aldehydes has been developed. The organic co-catalytic system of proline and 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO) enables the asymmetric synthesis of the corresponding N-Boc- and N-Cbz-protected β-amino-α-alkylidene-aldehydes in good to high yields and up to 99% ee. In the case of aza-MBH-type addition of enals to phenylprop-2-ene-1-imines, the co-catalytic reaction exhibits excellent 1,2-selectivity. The organo-co-catalytic aza-MBH-type reaction can also be performed by the direct highly enantioselective addition of α,β-unsaturated aldehydes to bench-stableN-carbamate-protected α-amidosulfones to give the corresponding β-amino-α-alkylidene-aldehydes with up to 99% ee.The organo-co-catalytic aza-MBH-type reaction is also an expeditious entry to nearly enantiomerically pure β-amino-α-alkylidene-amino acids and β-amino-α-alkylidene-lactams (99% ee). The mechanism and stereochemistry of the chiral amine and DABCO co-catalyzed aza-MBH-type reaction arealso discussed.

17181920 951 - 999 of 999
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