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  • 1. Lindqvist, Christina
    et al.
    Gudmundson, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Bardel, Camilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    A new approach to measuring lexical sophistication in L2 oral production2013In: L2 vocabulary acquisition, knowledge and use: New perspectives on assessment and corpus analysis / [ed] Camilla Bardel, Christina Lindqvist, Batia Laufer, EUROSLA - the European Second Language Association , 2013, p. 109-126Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    The aims of this chapter are a) to give a comprehensive description of a new tool for lexical profiling by reporting how it was developed, and b) to indicate possible areas of use and future developments of the tool. The tool has been used for measuring the lexical sophistication of Swedish learners of French and Italian. The different steps of development have partly been presented in previous studies (Bardel & Lindqvist, 2011; Bardel, Gudmundson & Lindqvist, 2012; Lindqvist, Bardel & Gudmundson, 2011) but are complemented here through a detailed account of the tool, in order to enable replication and use of the method with other languages. The outline of this chapter is as follows: first, as a background, we provide a survey of methods designed to measure lexical richness in L2 production. Then we discuss the inherent differences between written and spoken language and what these differences may imply when lexical richness is measured. Next, we present a new method for analyzing L2 learners’ lexical profiles in oral production data, giving a detailed technical description of the creation of the tool. We then discuss pros and cons with frequency-based measures in general and present our solutions to some of the problems brought up. Finally, we suggest some potential areas of use and discuss some possible improvements of the method.

  • 2.
    Gudmundson, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages.
    Acquisition of grammatical gender and number agreement in Swedish learners of L2 Italian: regularity and frequency effects2013In: Language, Interaction and Acquisition, ISSN 1879-7865, E-ISSN 1879-7873, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 231-254Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This corpus-based study examines gender and number agreement in oral productions of Swedish learners of L2 Italian. The main aim is to investigate how regularity and frequency effects influence learning. The theoretical framework is inspired by a functionalist approach focusing on the role of form–function mappings in the learner’s input. Regularity and frequency are interpreted in terms of the availabilityreliability, and validity of the mappings between the different noun endings and their functions: masculine singular, feminine singular, masculine plural, and feminine plural. The results show a significant correlation between reliability and accuracy rate, but no statistically significant correlation between availability or validity and accuracy rate. An interaction between longitudinal development and reliability is noted.

  • 3.
    Bardel, Camilla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education.
    Gudmundson, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages.
    Lindqvist, Christina
    Aspects of lexical sophistication in advanced learners' oral production vocabulary acquisition and use in l2 french and italian2012In: Studies in Second Language Acquisition, ISSN 0272-2631, E-ISSN 1470-1545, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 269-290Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports on the design and use of a profiler for lexical sophistication (i.e., use of advanced vocabulary), which was created to assess the lexical richness of intermediate and advanced Swedish second language (L2) learners' French and Italian. It discusses how teachers' judgments (TJs) of word difficulty can contribute to the methodology for lexical profiling and compares two methods, one purely frequency based and one modified on the basis of TJs of word difficulty. It has been suggested elsewhere that factors other than frequency play an important role in vocabulary acquisition. Here it is argued that cognates and thematic vocabulary related to teaching materials, although infrequent in target language (TL) corpora, should not necessarily be considered advanced and that analyses of learners' lexical sophistication would benefit from integrating these aspects. In this study, the frequency-based method normally used in lexical profiling was modified by recategorizing some low-frequency words considered easy by many teachers. On the basis of the TJs, a basic vocabulary, which consisted mainly of high-frequency words but also of cognates and thematic words, was defined, which was based on the fact that teachers judged certain low-frequency cognates and thematic words as relatively easy. Using the modified method, learners' lexical profiles were found to be more homogeneous within groups of learners at specific proficiency levels. The superiority of the new method over the purely frequency-based one was shown when comparing effect sizes. It is argued that this method gives a more correct picture of advanced L2 lexical profiles.

  • 4.
    Forsberg Lundell, Fanny
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages.
    Bartning, Inge
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages.
    Engel, Hugues
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages.
    Gudmundson, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages.
    Hancock, Victorine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages.
    Lindqvist, Christina
    Beyond advanced stages in high-level spoken French L22014In: Journal of French Language Studies, ISSN 0959-2695, E-ISSN 1474-0079, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 255-280Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is twofold: first, to find evidence for additional advanced stages in L2 French. The continuum of Bartning and Schlyter (2004) is taken as a point of departure. It is hypothesized that a number of linguistic criteria will account for high-level proficiency. It was earlier found that besides morpho-syntax, formulaic sequences and information structure are interesting phenomena for highly proficient learners (Bartning, Forsberg and Hancock, 2009). Three more measures are now added, i.e. perceived nativelikeness, lexical richness and fluency. The second aim of this study is to contribute to the debate on the possibility of nativelike attainment. The study shows that several measures are prone to characterise nativelike performance in highly proficient users among whom some attain nativelikeness.

  • 5.
    Gudmundson, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Bardel, Camilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education.
    Beyond Native-like? The Lexical Profile of a Cultural Migrant in Italy2015In: Cultural Migrants and Optimal Language Acquisition / [ed] Fanny Forsberg Lundell, Inge Bartning, Bristol: Multilingual Matters, 2015, p. 17-58Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Bardel, Camilla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education.
    Gudmundson, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Developing Lexical Complexity in Oral Production: Limitations and Possibilities of the Advanced L2 Learner2018In: High-level language proficiency in second language and multilingual contexts / [ed] Kenneth Hyltenstam, Inge Bartning, Lars Fant, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018, p. 120-145Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Bardel, Camilla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages.
    Gudmundson, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages.
    Nystedt, Jane
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages.
    Il lessico nella produzione orale dell’italiano L2 e il vocabolario di base: studio pilota su due apprendenti universitari svedesi messi a confronto con un parlante nativo2007In: Linguistica e Letteratura, ISSN 0392-6915, no 1/2, p. 151-183Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to privilege the text, analyzed in all its inner characteristics, in its relationships with other literary works and other languages, like those used by reviewers and in visual arts ground. An interdisciplinary approach will be emphasized as wider as possible, in order to reach the intertextuality and interexpressivity levels, and search the comparison with textualities and different codes from scientific and tecnological culture.

  • 8.
    Gudmundson, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages.
    Bardel, Camilla
    Il lessico nella produzione orale dell'italino L2 e il vocabolario di base: studio pilota su due apprendenti universitari svedesi messi a confronto con un parlante nativo2007In: Linguistica e Letteratura, p. 151-183Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Gudmundson, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages.
    Bardel, Camilla
    InterIta – un corpus dell'italiano parlato da studenti universitari svedesi: problemi di trascrizione e di annotazione morfologica2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Bardel, Camilla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages. Italienska avdelningen.
    Gudmundson, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages. Italienska avdelningen.
    InterIta – un corpus dell’italiano parlato da studenti universitari svedesi: problemi di trascrizione e di annotazione morfologica2008In: La comunicazione parlata: atti del congresso internazionale Napoli 23-25 febbraio, 2006, Tomo 3 / [ed] Massimo Pettorino, Antonella Giannini, M. Vallone, R. Savy, Napoli: Liguore , 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Gudmundson, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages.
    L’accordo nell’italiano parlato da apprendenti universitari svedesi: Uno studio sull’acquisizione del numero e del genere in una prospettiva funzionalista2012Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the acquisition of grammatical gender and number agreement in Italian as a second language (L2). The theoretical framework is based on a functional approach that stresses the importance of form function mappings, cues, frequency effects and the statistical properties of the language input. The Competition Model is of particular importance and the Italian oral corpus LIP is used to make calculations that measure the validity, availability and reliability of the Italian noun endings. The data consists of 71 transcribed teacher-student dialogues with Swedish learners of Italian at Stockholm University. The results show that learners have problems with feminine gender in the plural and with ambiguous noun endings, i.e. cases where one form is connected to more than one function. These findings can be explained by cue competition and frequency effects and to some extent by a markedness effect. 

    A second study with time (longitudinal development) and reliability of the noun endings (high or low) as independent variables and degree of accuracy as dependent variable showed a positive increase in accuracy rates over time, both for low and high reliability noun endings. There was also a significant interaction effect between the two independent variables according to which cases of agreement with low validity noun endings showed a higher increase in accuracy rates than high validity noun endings. This could be explained by the power law of practice, i.e. cases of agreement with high reliability noun endings soon reach a very high level of accuracy from which it is difficult to make further progress.

  • 12.
    Gudmundson, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages.
    L'acquisizione del genere grammaticale in italiano L2: Quali fattori possono influenzare il grado di accuratezza2010Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 13. Lindqvist, Christina
    et al.
    Bardel, Camilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education.
    Gudmundson, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages.
    Lexical richness in the advanced learner’s oral production of French and Italian L22011In: International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, ISSN 0019-042X, E-ISSN 1613-4141, Vol. 49, p. 221-240Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates Swedish learners' lexical richness in French and Italian L2. A frequency-based measure was used to compare the lexical richness of learners at different proficiency levels to that of native speakers. Frequency bands based on oral L1 data were created for both languages to serve as a benchmark. For French, the results show that there are differences between two groups of learners at different proficiency levels concerning lexical richness. Moreover, the most advanced learners have a lexical profile that is similar to that of a control group of native speakers, suggesting that these learners are native-like as far as lexical richness is concerned. The results for Italian also point at differences between the learner groups. However, the most advanced group does not reach the degree of lexical richness of the native speakers. The overall results support earlier proposals of a discriminating capacity of lexical frequency profiling methods for L2 proficiency.

1 - 13 of 13
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