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  • 1.
    Berlin, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Vinnerljung, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hjern, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences.
    Brännström, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Educational outcomes of children from long-term foster care: Does foster parents’ educational attainment matter?2019In: Developmental Child Welfare, ISSN 25161032, Vol. 1, no 4, p. 344-359Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Parental education is a robust predictor of children’s educational outcomes in general population studies, yet little is known about the intergenerational transmission of educational outcomes in alternative family settings such as children growing up in foster care. Using Swedish longitudinal register data on 2,167 children with experience of long-term foster care, this study explores the hypothesized mediating role of foster parents’ educational attainment on foster children’s educational outcomes, here conceptualized as having poor school performance at age 15 and only primary education at age 26. Results from gender-stratified regression analyses suggest that there was an association between foster parental educational attainment and foster children’s educational outcomes but that the educational transmission was weak and inconsistent and differed somewhat between males and females. For males, lower educational attainment in foster parents was associated with poor school performance but was not associated with educational attainment at age 26. The reverse pattern was found among females: the educational gradient was inconsistent for poor school performance but appeared in educational attainment. The results indicate that supported interventions for improving foster children’s educational achievements are needed, even when placements are relatively stable and foster parents have a long formal education.

  • 2.
    Ekendahl, Mats
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Månsson, Josefin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Karlsson, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Cannabis use under prohibitionism – the interplay between motives, contexts and subjects2019In: Drugs: education prevention and policy, ISSN 0968-7637, E-ISSN 1465-3370Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A key question in drugs research is why people use psychoactive substances. Diverse motives such as boredom, habit, and pain relief have served as explanations, but little is known about how adult cannabis users motivate their use in prohibitionist policy contexts, like Sweden. The aim is to explore what motives a sample of adult Swedish cannabis users refer to when they give meaning to their use. We ask: what aspects of cannabis use (e.g. drug effects, individual characteristics and social contexts) are emphasized in their accounts, and how are such aspects combined to describe motives and justify use? In this study, motives are perceived as culturally situated action, and our analysis is based on online text messages (n = 238) and interviews (n = 12). Participants emphasized either the characteristics of the use situation (motives such as party, relaxation and social function) or of him-/herself as an individual (motives such as mindfulness, identity marker and somatic function). They often mentioned medical and recreational motives in the same account, and carefully presented themselves as rational individuals. The motives reflect that the drugs discourse is increasingly medicalized, that responsibility is highly esteemed in contemporary societies, and that cannabis use is still stigmatized in Sweden.

  • 3.
    Meiss, Kathleen Ann
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Work, welfare & social work practice1991Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study of the search for the essential nature of social work practice. The text is divided into two parts. The first part presents a theoretical analysis of the intraprofessional discourse in search of a generic study-object for social work practice. Part 2 follows with an empirical application of the theoretical findings for the field of occupational social work. Placed within a framework that seeks to identify fundamental contextual issues, practice traditions and prevailing dilemmas of current practice theory, this study examines social work practice in Sweden and the USA today. The project is built upon a qualitative research method based upon the social work tradition of the use-of-self as the instrument of practice and a complex triangulation design which builds upon a practitioner-researcher perspective. In part 1, social work practice is defined by its practice focus, the internal dynamics of practice, and its external societal relations, the external dynamics of practice. The intra-professional struggle to define a generic study-object is plagued historically by the polarization between micro and macro practice traditions. The central problem for the development of social work practice theory is formulated as an embarrassing void. Clues are identified within the professional debates gradually marking the route for the identification of the embarrassing void and a generic studyobject of social work practice as a concept of victimization. Victimization is defined as a process concept of relationship-in-action, the contradiction of which is the function of practice, the advocacy of basic human rights. The relevance of a concept of victimization for social work practice is examined against the societal context in Sweden and the USA where underlying philosophical similarities are found to depend upon the citizen's relationship to the employment market for determining the quality of their personal welfare protections. In part 2, the concept of victimization is tested, with the application of an "extreme example" research method, against the boundary practice of occupational social work, and finds that it offers an unrecognized significance for western, democratic welfare states today. Empirical case-studies of occupational social work practices in Sweden and the USA are reported, examined and compared. The numerous and penetrating consequences of this study call for a re-examination of social work practice with relationship to the centrality of victimization processes and the relevance of employment for social work clients. The study concludes with a proposal for a new Social Justice Model for social work practice to be founded upon basic human rights in the private (family) and public (employment) spheres of everyday life as the concrete manifestation of the practice of social work with issues of victimization.

  • 4. Mensah, Tita
    et al.
    Hjern, Anders
    Håkanson, Kickan
    Johansson, Pia
    Jonsson, Ann Kristine
    Mattsson, Titti
    Tranæus, Sofia
    Vinnerljung, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Östlund, Pernilla
    Klingberg, Gunilla
    Organisational models of health services for children and adolescents in out-of-home care: Health technology assessment2019In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: Decades of research confirm that children and adolescents in out‐of‐home care (foster family, residential care) have much greater health care needs than their peers. A systematic literature review was conducted to evaluate organisational health care models for this vulnerable group.

    Methods: A systematic literature search was undertaken of the following data‐bases: Academic Search Elite, CENTRAL, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cinahl, DARE, ERIC, HTA, PsycInfo, Psychology and Behavioural Sciences Collection, PubMed, SocIndex. Randomised and non‐randomised controlled trials were to be included. Two pairs of reviewers independently assessed abstracts of the identified published papers. Abstracts meeting the inclusion criteria were ordered in full text. Each article was reviewed independently, by pairs of reviewers. A joint assessment was made based on the inclusion criteria and relevance. Cases of disagreement were resolved by consensus discussion.

    Results: No study with low or medium risk of bias was identified.

    Conclusion: In the absence of studies of acceptable quality, it is not possible to assess the impact of organisational models intended to ensure adequate health and dental care for children and adolescents in out‐of‐home care. Therefore, well‐designed follow‐up studies should be conducted following the implementation of such models.

  • 5.
    Minas, Renate
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Enroth, Nicklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Social work meets the European Union – the case of vulnerable EU citizens in European cities2019In: Inequalities and migration: challenges for the Swedish welfare state / [ed] Sven Trygged, Erica Righard, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, p. 131-152Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Mossberg, Roland
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Distans och närhet: förutsättningar och möjligheter för det sociala arbetets organisering och disciplinering1990Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The first part, of this two part study, performs a kind of theoretical, structural analysis of social work. The purpose of performing such an analysis, the principal aim of this study, is to specify the general conditions and possibilities for social work, thereby giving a basis, for the different social work practices, to carry out their own concrete analysis, and form their own strategies for action. The second part of this study analyses a specific, empirical field of practice. Using the theoretical reasoning in the first part of the study as a basis, it describes and analyses, ”hemmahos- arbete”, a practice where the practitioners work with families in their homes. These practitioners, "hemma-hos-arbetare”, are employed by municipal social welfare offices. The goal of their practice is to give educational, therapeutic and practical support in everyday life situations. For lack of a proper English term for this practice, the Swedish terms, as defined above, will be used. ”Hemma-hos-arbete” is, as a type of practice, in a position in between, on the one hand, bureaucratic and professional orders, and on the other hand the everyday orders of the clients. ”Hemma-hos-arbete” can be characterized as a bridging practice, and to maintain this bridging position, and for its personnel to retain their identity as ”hemma-hos-arbetare”, means that they must find the right distance, neither too close nor too far, either to the highly discursive, professional/bureaucratic orders of practices or to the clients’ more or less non-discursive orders of everyday life practices. To find the right distance, has been the central issue of this thesis, and is of vital importance for all social workers. This, means to avoid, on the one hand, the risk of loosing contact with the client by taking too distant a professional/bureaucratic position, and on the other hand, the risk of becoming a part of the client's problems by taking too familiar a position. ”Hemma-hos-arbete”, as a concrete object of investigation, was selected because it illuminates issues of vital importance for the entire field of social work. The description and analysis of ”hemma-hos-arbete” is actually a secondary aim. The ”hemma-hos” study gives example of how the theoretical analytic can be applied to a specific social work practice.

  • 7.
    Peterson, Elin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Framing caregiving work for older people in Spanish public policy: gender, power and social justice2015In: La Revista Española de Ciencia Política, ISSN 1575-6548, no 39, p. 221-237Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The care crisis has been a recurrent theme in feminist debates and research. The care deficit is particularly severe is the ageing societies of Southern Europe. In Spain, familialism prevails in eldercare. This implies a permanent trust on the family, and its gender structure as provider of help and support. At the same time, studies show that migrant domestic workers increasingly meet the care needs of older dependent people. This article argues that as long as women, natives and migrants, fill the gaps in welfare provision, the recognition of caregiving work - and the redistribution of resources and responsibility for care - are vital issues for feminist research. By means a discourse-oriented policy analysis this article examines key policy texts related to dependent care and household employment as well as austerity measures that affect social policy. The article highlights that public policy has an important role in constructing caregiving work. Public policy shapes the positions of caregivers and care workers, the valuation of their work, and their status as workers and carers. While family carers and domestic workers are constructed very differently, two categories of carers have in common that they perform undervalued work.

  • 8.
    Szebehely, Marta
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Meagher, Gabrielle
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Vinster i välfärden: En historia om näringslivslobbyism och socialdemokratisk ambivalens2020In: Politik och marknad: kritiska studier av kapitalismens utveckling, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2020, p. 116-139Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9. Ågotnes, Gudmund
    et al.
    Jacobsen, Frode
    Szebehely, Marta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    The growth of the for-profit nursing home sector in Norway and Sweden: driving forces and resistance2020In: The Privatization of Care: The Case of Nursing Homes / [ed] Pat Armstrong, Hugh Armstrong, New York: Routledge, 2020, p. 38-50Chapter in book (Refereed)
1 - 9 of 9
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