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  • 1.
    Forsström, David
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences.
    Samuelsson, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences.
    Utbud av stöd och behandling för spelproblem: En studie om utmaningar inför förtydligat ansvar i lagstiftningen2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    On the 1st of January 2018, the Swedish legislation was subject to change due to a need to clarify the responsibility of care givers to prevent and provide support and treatment for gambling problems. The aim of this study has been to review the current situation of available support and treatment for gambling problems in Sweden, before the change in legislation took place. The Public Health Agency of Sweden and the Support Line (a telephone hotline service) has provided relevant information. Interviews have been conducted with sixteen key actors in the gambling treatment field representing municipalities, regional health care, authorities and non-governmental organisations. The interview material was analysed using thematic analysis. Preliminary results were presented for a group of treatment providers to validate the results and to collect further comments. The study showed that support and treatment for people with gambling problems are fragmentary and arbitrary on the national level. Support and treatment is available in some parts of the country but often relying on individual treatment providers’ own engagement, which creates a vulnerable situation in terms of availability and continuity of competence. The treatment offered is mainly cognitive behavioural therapy and there is a need to diversify and integrate various treatment options for different target groups. Non-governmental organisations play an important role by offering complimentary support as such, but also when treatment is not available. The main conclusion was that the municipal social services and the regional healthcare system in general are badly equipped to meet the needs of problem gamblers due to lack of resources and competence. Further efforts to provide education for personnel and implementation of screening routines to facilitate early detection in social services and health care settings are suggested. Despite ongoing development work, the legislative changes are challenging for municipalities and regional health care to accomplish satisfactory cooperation based on the needs of gamblers and their concerned significant others. A follow-up study will take place during 2019/2020 to review the development of support and treatment for gambling problems after the implementation of the new legislation.

  • 2.
    Storbjörk, Jessica
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Antonsson, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Stenius, Kerstin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    The Swedish Addiction Treatment System: Government, Steering and Organisation. Technical Report2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Welfare systems in Sweden and internationally have gone through major changes regarding modes of operation and means of government in New Public Management (NPM) reforms, which have sought to balance autonomy and control. There is a lively debate about NPM, but research is scarce. NPM indicates improved performances but also unintended consequences and inconsistencies concerning ideas, demands on the services and performance incentives – such as tensions between medical and social professional autonomy and knowledge on the one hand and administrative control, auditing and a growing bureaucracy (e.g., procurement, inspections, documentation) on the other. The research project used addiction treatment with different organisations and professions as a case for studying the impact of NPM on the daily work in regional health care and municipal social services organisations.

    We charted the broad steering and organisation of addiction treatment. We analysed the extent to which tendencies of NPM have conveyed advantages or created conflicting logics by comparing addiction treatment in three regions and six municipalities with varying degrees of NPM. The study used official statistics, documents, interviews and a web survey. A total of 85 interviews were made with 93 individual state, regional and local policy-makers and officials (including the previously unstudied procurers) and public and private care providers (managers and treatment professionals) in 2017–2018. The interviews formed the basis for a web survey among professionals in Sweden in 2019. Purchasing addiction services was further examined by observing a large procurement process, by organising a workshop with Nordic procurement experts, and by interviewing civil servants in Finland, Denmark and Norway.

    The study shows how addiction treatment is governed and organised, highlighting developments over time with special emphasis on various NPM features. The interviews addressed advantages and tensions in the daily work and if and how professionals seek to adapt to new, perhaps inconsistent, demands. The web survey allows for comparisons across organisations and professional groups. This technical report presents the background and aims of the study and describes in detail the Swedish study setting, and the study design, methods and data sources used.

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