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  • 1.
    Agné, Hans
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Tallberg, Jonas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Does stakeholder involvement foster democratic legitimacy in international organizations? An empirical assessment of a normative theory2015In: The Review of International Organizations, ISSN 1559-7431, E-ISSN 1559-744X, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 465-488Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The involvement of non-state organizations in global governance is widely seen as an important step toward global democracy. Proponents of "stakeholder democracy" argue that stakeholder organizations, such as civil society groups and other non-state actors, may represent people significantly affected by global decisions better than elected governments. In this article we identify a particularly promising sociological variant of this argument, test it against new evidence from a large-scale survey among stakeholder organizations with varying levels of involvement in international organizations (IOs), and find that the suggested stakeholder mechanism for producing democratic legitimacy in global governance does not work. Stakeholder involvement is unproductive for democratic legitimacy in IOs as perceived by stakeholders themselves. We suggest alternative explanations of this finding and argue that empirical analysis is useful for adjudicating normative arguments on the viability of stakeholder democracy in global governance.

  • 2. Airey, John
    et al.
    Lauridsen, Karen M.
    Räsänen, Anne
    Salö, Linus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Schwach, Vera
    The expansion of English-medium instruction in the Nordic countries: Can top-down university language policies encourage bottom-up disciplinary literacy goals?2017In: Higher Education, ISSN 0018-1560, E-ISSN 1573-174X, Vol. 73, no 4, p. 561-576Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, in the wake of the Bologna Declaration and similar international initiatives, there has been a rapid increase in the number of university courses and programmes taught through the medium of English. Surveys have consistently shown the Nordic countries to be at the forefront of this trend towards English-medium instruction (EMI). In this paper, we discuss the introduction of EMI in four Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden). We present the educational setting and the EMI debate in each of these countries and summarize relevant research findings. We then make some tentative suggestions for the introduction of EMI in higher education in other countries. In particular, we are interested in university language policies and their relevance for the day-to-day work of faculty. We problematize one-size-fits-all university language policies, suggesting that in order for policies to be seen as relevant they need to be flexible enough to take into account disciplinary differences. In this respect, we make some specific suggestions about the content of university language policies and EMI course syllabuses. Here we recommend that university language policies should encourage the discussion of disciplinary literacy goals and require course syllabuses to detail disciplinaryspecific language-learning outcomes.

  • 3.
    Becker, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Hauserman, Nancy
    Gatuförsäljare som globala entreprenörer2014In: Det globaliserade arbetslivet / [ed] Marinette Fogde, Johanna Övling, Norrköping: Gidlund i samarbete med Arbetets museum , 2014, p. 25-34Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Beckman, Ludvig
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Global diffusion and the role of courts in shaping the human right to vote2013In: The Politics of the Globalization of Law / [ed] Alison Brysk, London: Routledge, 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Bjällstrand, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    China: Friend or Foe?: Understanding the U.S Pacific Pivot to China's Confusing Confucianism2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The great strategic distrust between the two world largest economic and military powers is one of the most debated topics in contemporary international relations. This thesis question if the current hegemon view its new competitor as an offensive or defensive realist state and which policies should consequently be taken. China’s policy of peaceful coexistence and the U.S attempt of global integration may not be fully compatible and the thesis illuminates the contradicting notions of China Confucius values and how they are visible in its foreign policy rhetoric.

    The thesis conclude by stating that the China’s ambitions in not seen as following the guidelines of a defensive realist state in the eye of the United States and that China’s so called unique characteristics and values are mere rhetoric that does not seem to shape its current foreign policy. The U.S response is so far a passive containment by increasing cooperation with other actors in the region as a balancing act while simultaneously cautiously engage and try to influence China to adopt policies fitting a global player and work for peaceful solutions to international problems. Thus China is not seen as either a friend or a foe but is currently viewed as being in a grey area of competitor and cooperator.

  • 6. Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Ekengren, Magnus
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    The European Union as crisis manager: patterns and prospects2013Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Union is increasingly being asked to manage crises inside and outside the Union. From terrorist attacks to financial crises, and natural disasters to international conflicts, many crises today generate pressures to collaborate across geographical and functional boundaries. What capacities does the EU have to manage such crises? Why and how have these capacities evolved? How do they work and are they effective? This book offers an holistic perspective on EU crisis management. It defines the crisis concept broadly and examines EU capacities across policy sectors, institutions and agencies. The authors describe the full range of EU crisis management capacities that can be used for internal and external crises. Using an institutionalization perspective, they explain how these different capacities evolved and have become institutionalized. This highly accessible volume illuminates a rarely examined and increasingly important area of European cooperation.

  • 7. Boström, Magnus
    et al.
    Micheletti, Michele
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Introducing the Sustainability Challenge of Textiles and Clothing2016In: Journal of Consumer Policy, ISSN 0168-7034, E-ISSN 1573-0700, Vol. 39, no 4, p. 367-375Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8. Brattberg, Erik
    et al.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History. Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    Actorness and effectiveness in international disaster relief: the European Union and United States in comparative perspective2013In: International Relations, ISSN 0047-1178, E-ISSN 1741-2862, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 356-374Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the role of the European Union (EU) and United States as actors in international disaster relief. We take the analysis of ‘actorness’ one step further than normal by assessing the extent to which different aspects of EU and US actorness led to effectiveness in actual outcomes. In doing so, we make two contributions. First, we provide a rare comparison between EU and US foreign policy actorness, shedding light on the actor capability of each bloc in the area of international disaster relief. Second, we specify the relationship between actorness and effectiveness, a relationship which is too often assumed rather than explored. Using previous research of EU and US actorness as a starting point, we link four aspects of actorness to effectiveness and assess the resulting hypotheses using the case of the 2010 Haiti earthquake. We find support for our proposed links between actorness and effectiveness, although further research is needed before robust conclusions can be drawn.

  • 9.
    Clifford, Joseph
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Frontiers of Fracking: Underground Political Ecology and Unconventional Energy in the Contested Landscapes of North West England2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gas obtained from previously unexploited shale rock strata has emerged as an economically viable way of sourcing additional fossil fuel energy resources after the so-called ‘shale gas revolution’ in the United States. In the United Kingdom, the incumbent government has committed to the development of its own shale gas resources. A highly polarised public debate has erupted on the risks and rewards of extracting the shale gas deposits that presently lie underneath large swathes of the country using the controversial method of hydraulic fracturing, or ‘fracking’. This thesis examines how different groups in North West England – the major frontier of fracking in the UK – are contesting, resisting and negotiating the current government’s decision to sanction and push ahead towards the development a domestic shale gas industry. Employing a theoretical framework drawn from political ecology as its core mode of examination, this thesis utilises qualitative methods including in-depth interviews and participant observation techniques. It documents a range of social groupings that are contesting shale gas in the UK in a number of ways, and argues that landscapes and risk are fundamental hinges in this ongoing environmental conflict.

  • 10.
    de los Reyes, Paulina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Eduards, MaudStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.Sundevall, FiaStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Internationella relationer: könskritiska perspektiv2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Internationella relationer är en introduktion till genusanalytiska frågeställningar och tolkningar av den internationella ordningen. Boken belyser vikten av könskritiska perspektiv på internationella relationer och ger exempel på skilda sätt att förstå och förklara den internationella ordningens betydelser för människors liv i olika delar av världen. Här ställs frågor om hur globalisering och konflikter samspelar med föreställningar om manligt och kvinnligt. Författarna analyserar och diskuterar könskodade maktstrukturer och ojämlik resursfördelning - både lokalt och globalt. Med utgångspunkt i IR-fältets klassiska temaindelningar lyfter artiklarna fram nya perspektiv och problem, vilket vidgar och fördjupar förståelsen av fältet, såväl vetenskapligt som politiskt. Internationella relationer - könskritiska perspektiv vänder sig till studenter i internationella relationer och angränsande ämnen, men också till andra som är intresserade av könskritiska tolkningar av hur den internationella ordningen fungerar.

  • 11.
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Tallberg, Jonas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The social legitimacy of international organisations: Interest representation, institutional performance, and confidence extrapolation in the United Nations2015In: Review of International Studies, ISSN 0260-2105, E-ISSN 1469-9044, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 451-475Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social legitimacy is central to the effectiveness of international organisations (IOs). Yet, so far, we have little systematic knowledge about what drives citizens to support or oppose IOs. In this article, we isolate and assess three alternative explanations of social legiti- macy in global governance, privileging interest representation, institutional performance, and confidence extrapolation. We test these theories in a multilevel analysis of citizen confidence in the United Nations (UN) using World Values Survey and European Values Study data, sup- plemented by contextual measures. The results grant support to the arguments that institu- tional performance and confidence extrapolation shape popular confidence in the UN, while offering little support for the explanation of interest representation. These findings challenge the predominant understanding that more democratic procedures lead to greater social legitimacy for IOs. Instead, the UN case suggests that the social legitimacy of IOs is based primarily on the organisations’ capacity to deliver, as well as on citizens’ general confidence in political institutions, which IOs may have little to do with and can do little to change.

  • 12.
    Edvinsson, Rodney
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Prices and the growth of the knowledge economy in Sweden and Western Europe before the industrial revolution2011In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 59, no 3, p. 250-272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article uses long-term series of real prices for various goods and services to analyse the evolution of the knowledge economy before the Industrial Revolution by focusing on Sweden in comparison with other European countries. During the early modern period, the relative price of knowledge-intensive goods and services, such as iron, paper, salt, sea transports and silver, decreased relative to a Consumer Price Index. The increased productivity levels of these goods and services were caused by increased division of labour and accelerated diffusion of knowledge. However, the real price of foodstuff tended to increase, implying that living standards declined with increased population. Early modern Western Europe acquired a peculiar price structure, characterized by low prices of industrial goods relative to the price of food. Only with the advent of industrial society could the knowledge economy escape the Malthusian entrapment.

  • 13.
    Erman, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ethics & Global Politics2014In: Peace Review, ISSN 1040-2659, E-ISSN 1469-9982, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 479-481Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Gustafsson, Ingrid
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Tamm Hallström, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Constructing authority in transnational governance: rationality, hierarchy and state involvement in the world of certification standards.2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Hallengren, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    E pluribus unum: Mauritian reflections2013In: Patterns: Make 'Em and Break 'Em / [ed] Lawson, Carol S., and Robert. F. Lawson, West Chester, Pa., USA: Chrysalis Reader/Swedenborg Foundation Press , 2013, 1, p. 74-81Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [fr]

    Histoire sommaire de la Nouvelle Église chrétienne en Maurice

  • 16.
    Holzinger, Katharina
    et al.
    Konstanz University.
    Sommerer, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Was verursacht die Aufwärtsspirale in der Umweltpolitik? Der Einfluss internationaler Harmonisierung auf nationale Umweltstandards2012In: Österreichische Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft, ISSN 0378-5149, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 53-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The classical theory of regulatory competition in environmental policy predicts a race to the bottom of standards as a consequence of globalization. The empirical evidence is contradictory, which is partly due to the measurement of the regulatory level. Research using environmental quality data seems to show an upward movement. The literature provides us with some causal speculation as to the explanation of an upward dynamic, but so far lacks broadly based empirical proof. This article first complements the existing theory by introducing the factor of international environmental harmonisation. It is hypothesized that international harmonisation leads to an upward movement of the regulatory level. We then test the theory using environmental output data for 24 countries from 1970 to 2005. We find a clear race to the top, no impact of economic competition, and a clear effect of international harmonisation.

  • 17. Horgby, Anna
    et al.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History. Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    The EU's Internal Security Strategy: Living in the Shadow of its Past2013Report (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Jansson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Könspolitik, rättigheter och amning2013In: Internationella relationer: Könskritiska perspektiv / [ed] Paulina de los Reyes, Maud Eduards, Sofia Sundevall, Stockholm: Liber, 2013, p. 250-265Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Jonsson, Gabriel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Oriental Languages.
    Mr. Chance: FN:s förfall under Ban Ki-moon2011In: Orientaliska studier, ISSN 0345-8997, no 125, p. 44-46Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Jonsson, Gabriel
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Oriental Languages.
    Lagerkvist, Johan
    Foreign aid trade and development: The strategic presence of China, Japan and Korea in sub-Saharan Africa2011Report (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Junström, Simon
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Globaliseringens megaarrangemang flyttar fokus från nationer till städer2013In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Kumar, Nishant
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Book Review: The India Way: How India's Top Business Leaders Are Revolutionizing Management, Peter Cappelli, Harbir Singh, Jitendra Singh and Michael Useem, Harvard Business Press, Boston, © 2010, 332 pp., ISBN 978-1-4221-4759-7.2012In: International Business Review, ISSN 0969-5931, E-ISSN 1873-6149, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 747-749Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Kuyper, Jonathan W
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The democratic potential of systemic pluralism2014In: Global Constitutionalism - Human Rights, Democracy and the Rule of Law, ISSN 2045-3817, E-ISSN 2045-3825, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 170-199Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Lagerkvist, johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Moral discourse and China's evolving enterprise society2017In: Political Participation in Asia: Defining and Deploying Political Space / [ed] Eva Hansson, Meredith L Weiss, Abingdon: Routledge, 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Lagerkvist, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Chinese Studies.
    The ordoliberal turn? Getting China and global economic governance right2015In: Global Affairs, ISSN 2334-0460, E-ISSN 2334-0479Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent commentary on global economic governance seeking to explain the outcome of the huge recession of 2008, arguments abound about the remarkable staying power of American hegemony and the formidable resilience of the liberal international order. This somewhat myopic argument seriously neglects Sino-western collaboration – within the framework of what I contend is an ordoliberal turn. Two questions were posed. First, why was the US-led order and the global neoliberal project not pushed back during the worldwide financial crisis of 2008? Second, why does contemporary global capitalism continue to be infused by neoliberal thinking, despite the 2008 crisis? It is argued that China must be conceptualized as neoliberal, albeit in a state-capitalist form, otherwise the surprising robustness of the global neoliberal project is exaggeratedly credited to the United States. Moreover, China's evolving ordoliberal political economy is a crucial part of mutual interdependence and global economic governance supporting the project of neoliberal practices after 2008. Finally, it is argued that the workings of Chinese ordoliberalism could propel within-order change of the values and ethos of the American-led world order.

  • 26.
    Lundgren, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    FN i en multipolär världsordning: Organisationen får en ny roll när väst förlorar inflytande2011In: Internationella Studier, ISSN 0020-952X, no 1, p. 50-51Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    Premat, Christophe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Guidebook to Direct Democracy: Bruno Kaufmann, Rolf Büchi, Nadja Braun, Initiative and Referendum Institute Europe, 2010, 275 pages, www.iri-europe.org2011In: TerritoiresArticle, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [fr]

    Cela peut paraître paradoxal de proposer un guide d´utilisation de la démocratie directe, mais ce livre répond avant tout à un déficit de connaissances sur le sujet. La démocratie directe est encore trop réduite à une forme de pulsion de démocratie inadaptée aux enjeux politiques contemporains et reste cantonnée à l´exotisme d´un petit pays, la Suisse. Ce livre montre au contraire que l´histoire de la démocratie directe en Suisse est liée à la mise en place d´une culture politique du compromis et de la discussion. Il commence par décrire le quotidien d´une zürichoise, et montre comment cette citoyenne, qui sans être une professionnelle de la politique, est très impliquée par sa citoyenneté « active » : votations, élections et campagnes référendaires font partie de ses préoccupations et tiennent une place importante dans sa vie. On apprend également que l´outil a besoin d´être perfectionné et qu´une procédure a des chances d´être efficace si elle est bien préparée et si le sujet est bien posé. Toutes les questions sont abordées, sans aucun tabou : si la démocratie a un coût, celui-ci est pondéré par l´amélioration de l´efficacité économique, car les décisions prises démocratiquement à l´issue d´un débat permettent de faire émerger les enjeux de telle ou telle question. Les limites de la démocratie directe sont également abordées avec, en particulier, les types de votes discriminants : la Constitution a ainsi un rôle fondamental dans la protection des droits individuels et dans le calibrage de ces procédures. Le citoyen n´est pas incompétent lorsqu´il peut voter sur un sujet qui affecte son quotidien, il est au contraire capable de faire progresser le débat public et de s´organiser pour faire prévaloir son avis. Ce guide 2010, qui est réédité et enrichi de version en version, a le mérite d´éclairer toutes les personnes intéressées et engagées dans la participation citoyenne. Très utile, au moment où le traité de Lisbonne ouvre une possibilité inédite de démocratie participative au niveau européen. Et si la démocratie directe constituait l´avenir de nos oligarchies politiques fatiguées ? 

  • 28.
    Premat, Christophe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Olivier Godard, La justice climatique mondiale2016In: Lectures, ISSN 2116-5289Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [fr]

    Les négociations climatiques de la conférence de Paris viennent de s’achever en décembre 2015 avec un accord contraignant qui, pour la première fois, va bien au-delà de ce qu’avaient pu espérer certaines associations et ONG. L’accord inscrit comme objectif global de la nouvelle coopération climatique internationale le fait de contenir l’élévation de la température moyenne de la planète à 1,5 degrés Celsius par rapport aux niveaux préindustriels, une cible souhaitée par les petits États insulaires et les moins avancés1. Les investissements financiers sont assurés en grande partie par les pays émetteurs du plus grand nombre de rejets de gaz à effets de serre (GES).

  • 29.
    Rhinard, Mark
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Boin, Arjen
    Hollis, Simon
    Explaining civil protection cooperation in the EU: the contribution of public goods theory2013In: European Security, ISSN 0966-2839, E-ISSN 1746-1545, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 248-269Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years the European Union has taken a number of steps towards improving civil protection cooperation in Europe. European leaders regularly declare the importance of boosting cooperation to prepare for and respond to disasters and emergencies afflicting member states. Those declarations have been accompanied by a flourish of policy activity, the building of new structures, and even treaty changes. On the surface, this little-known area of European integration appears to be proceeding with great success. A closer look, however, reveals significant gaps between member states' general expressions of enthusiasm and problematic cooperation in practice. We draw upon public goods theory to explain why this might be the case; more specifically, we identify likely game-theoretic obstacles to cooperation in different areas of the civil protection field. We evaluate our theoretical propositions by examining the current state of cooperation in marine pollution response, chemical contamination management, and flood response. We find that cooperation success in practice corresponds generally, but not perfectly, with the predictions of public goods theory. Our findings offer a nuanced view of civil protection cooperation in Europe and illuminate options for improved cooperation in the future.

  • 30.
    Rhinard, Mark
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Bossong, Raphael
    European internal security as a public good2013In: European Security, ISSN 0966-2839, E-ISSN 1746-1545, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 129-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This introduction argues for a new research agenda on European internal security cooperation from the perspective of public goods. We set out our case in three parts. First, we identify new empirical puzzles and demonstrate significant explanatory gaps in the existing internal security literature which public goods theory could help address. Second, we outline the building blocks of a public goods approach and provide an overview of its application, both existing and potentially, in various areas of regional security and European integration. Third, we present three complementary ways of using public goods theory to analyse internal security in the European Union, with the aim of spurring new research questions while accepting some limitations of this theoretical approach.

  • 31.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    21st century geopolitics: integration and development in the age of 'continental states'2017In: Territory, Politics, Governance, ISSN 2162-2671, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 478-494Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a need, in the 21st century, to analyse the interconnection between development and regional integration with a renewed attention to geopolitics. The aim of this paper is to explore the links between states, the economy and the international system in an ongoing process of transformation generating a new world order. Drawing on geopolitical theory, this study advances the argument that in the 21st century, those states in search of increasing autonomy apply strategies of regional integration and development-oriented policies, following a path to constructing new grossraums centred on states that are continental in scope. For this analysis the study proposes using a geopolitical perspective – here called ‘classical geopolitics’ – emphasizing the territorial dimension of state making, which includes economic policies and the formation of national identities. Particular attention is given to the spatial motif observed in international systems.

  • 32.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Thinking globally from the periphery: Raúl Prebisch and the world system2017In: The Global Political Economy of Raúl Prebisch / [ed] Matias E. Margulis, London: Routledge , 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 33. Sahlin, Kerstin
    et al.
    Wijkström, Filip
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Einarsson, Torbjörn
    Oberg, Achim
    The 'Milky Way' of intermediary organizations: A transnational field of university governance2015In: Policy and politics (Print), ISSN 0305-5736, E-ISSN 1470-8442, Vol. 43, no 3, p. 407-427Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on transnational intermediary organizations in higher education and research. We conceive of intermediaries as organizations that are actively involved in transnational university governance without having formal access to or control over policy or governmental funding. Such intermediary organizations have in previous research been shown to play central roles in the development and circulation of new themes and ideas for how to manage universities and measure university performance. Intermediaries link different types of actors and act as translators of global themes. In this respect, they are decisive in policy formulation. While the expansion of such transnational intermediaries is well documented in earlier research, we know little about who they are and how they interact. The article is the first to map transnational intermediaries concerned with higher education and research, as well as their linkages with each other. Through an original web-crawling technique, we identify a large number of transnational intermediaries that are actively linked to each other. These intermediaries exhibit a dense and stretched-out pattern with no obvious single center of gravitation. Instead, the field consists of several smaller and clearly distinguished constellations, resembling the structure of the Milky Way. Using these data, we advance two main arguments. First, transnational university intermediaries form an organized field of their own, vouching for their importance for the scaling up of governance networks and the development of collaborative governance arrangements. Second, within this field, there are several clusters where certain intermediaries occupy a more central position in the field than others. In all, this article contributes to the existing literature on governance networks, sketching the consequences of intensified global activities among intermediaries for how new themes and ideas about university management travel and translate, highlighting the significance of intermediary organizations for national university systems and individual universities.

  • 34.
    Smith, Yvonne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Nestlé and the Global Water Governance Arena2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The future of global water supply and availability is one of the most important questions facing life on earth today, and experts agree that the most pressing angle to approach the question from is its governance. However, water represents one of the worlds broadest and most complex fields of governance due to its cross thematic and cross-boundary reach, as well as an increase in new actors through privatisation and transnational corporate influence.  In order to actively implement new governance approaches the current system, its actors, connections and influence strategies must be identified. This study combines three theoretical and methodological approaches to study our current global water governance structure: Neo-Gramscian, Network analysis and Policy Entrepreneurship. The Neo-Gramscian influence theory is used to identify 3 types of connections between actors. The resulting data is then used for network analysis to identify the key actors within the field. Once these key actors have been identified, all Nestlé (as a case study for transnational corporations) connections to said actors and the field of water governance have been highlighted under the combined theoretical lenses of Neo-Gramscian influence and Policy Entrepreneurial strategies. These three theories are used in conjunction for several reasons: All three theories represent a different perspective of analysing the decentralised, large scale governance of a complex system. While network analysis allows for the visual representation of the governance “space” and for the identification of key actors and their connections, the Neo-Gramscian and policy entrepreneur approaches give insight into how these connections might be used and created in order to lead to a position of influence within the system. The results show a list of 42 key actors to whom Nestlé has a large number of self-reported connections across all 3 influence types. It further shows that Nestle actively uses at least 3 of the 4 entrepreneurial strategies on some of these connections. This suggests that Nestlé may have some significant influence in global water governance. The study is also a proof of concept for the synthesis of the three complementary theories.

  • 35.
    Sommerer, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Holzinger, Katharina
    Konstanz University.
    The Myth of the Downward Spiral in Environmental Policy Regulation2011In: Perspectives on Europe, ISSN 0046-2802, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 21-27Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Barrio women's invited and invented spaces against urban elitisation in Chacao, Venezuela2014In: Antipode, ISSN 0066-4812, E-ISSN 1467-8330, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 835-856Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Outright victories against urban elitisation are rare in the current urban revolution. This article highlights how urban elitisation is confronted in Chacao, the most elite and urban part of Venezuela. Initially it reviews how this urban elitisation created the main economic, political and military strongholds of the opposition to the Bolivarian revolution. Then, in contesting it, the urban and Bolivarian revolutions feed each other through women's participation in invited and invented spaces of citizenship. From such spaces, Chacao women in their settler's movement organised struggles of insurgent citizenship to stop elitist urban renewal agendas and develop further forms of insurgent urbanism to conduct an urban renewal from below and establish a New Socialist Community for 600 families. They emerged as a revolutionary class to implement Bolivarian policies addressing the inefficiency and opportunism of the bureaucratic state and contesting urban elitisation with an anti-capitalist and anti-imperialist insurgent urbanism.

  • 37.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Internationella solidariteten som bäst: Samarbetet Kuba-Venezuela2011In: Tidskriften Kuba, ISSN 1402-8638, no 4, p. 21-22Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 38.
    Viktorov, Ilja
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Abramov, Alexander
    Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia.
    The state capture of Russian non-bank financial institutions and markets after the 2008 crisis2016In: Competition & change, ISSN 1024-5294, E-ISSN 1477-2221, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 3-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the expansion of the Russian state into financial markets after the 2008 global financial crisis. The main argument is that the Russian state has been unable to pursue its own developmental agenda in the sector despite increased regulation and state takeovers. While independent private market participants were pushed aside by state-controlled financial intermediaries, the state failed to follow its own policy strategy towards establishing an international financial centre in Moscow. Instead, the Russian financial market institutions were rendered into a vehicle for inter-bank lending under control of the Central Bank of Russia. Data from Russian stock market and corporate bond market trading highlights the trend. The study discusses the role played by informal power networks in redistribution of state-controlled resources and financial flows, and how this factor influenced the state regulation of financial markets in Russia.

  • 39.
    von Unge, Agnes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Peruvian women in Catalonia: A Study on the social position of Peruvian female migrants in the labour market2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This    qualitative research investigates the social positions of Peruvian female migrants in the Catalan labour market in Spain. It questions how social categories interactin order to determine the social positions of individuals, a nd how the positions can be related to a global  world structure.   Four unstructured life story interviews with  Peruvian women resident in  Catalonia were realized in December 2014. The interviews and two previously made studies have then been reviewed by a narrative analysis. The research formed a theoretical framework of intersectionality interpreted by Nina Yuval-Davis, and a globalization and female migration theory by Saskia Sassen.  The analysis with the  implementation of theories showed that nationality has a particularly strong influence in the intersection of social categories, though one must understand how all the identifications lay imbedded in each other in order to determine the social position of each individual. It was  also concluded that an intersection of the identifications of the individuals interacts with global structures in order to determine the  social positions of the study participants in the Catalan labour market.The city of Barcelona  could through the lives of the four Peruvian females be seen as an economic centre that demands cheap labour by migrants, and where the social positions in the labour market can show a division of core and peripheral countries.

  • 40. Watts, Nick
    et al.
    Adger, W. Neil
    Agnolucci, Paolo
    Blackstock, Ason
    Byass, Peter
    Cai, Wenjia
    Chaytor, Sarah
    Colbourn, Tim
    Collins, Mat
    Cooper, Adam
    Cox, Peter M.
    Depledge, Joanna
    Drummond, Paul
    Ekins, Paul
    Galaz, Victor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Grace, Delia
    Graham, Hilary
    Grubb, Michael
    Haines, Andy
    Hamilton, Ian
    Hunter, Alasdair
    Jiang, Xujia
    Li, Moxuan
    Kelman, Ilan
    Liang, Lu
    Lott, Melissa
    Lowe, Robert
    Luo, Yong
    Mace, Georgina
    Maslin, Mark
    Nilsson, Maria
    Oreszczyn, Tadj
    Pye, Steve
    Quinn, Tara
    Svensdotter, My
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Venevsky, Sergey
    Warner, Koko
    Xu, Bing
    Yang, Jun
    Yin, Yongyuan
    Yu, Chaoqing
    Zhang, Qiang
    Gong, Peng
    Montgomery, Hugh
    Costello, Anthony
    Health and climate change: policy responses to protect public health2015In: The Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, E-ISSN 1474-547X, Vol. 386, no 10006Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The 2015 Lancet Commission on Health and Climate Change has been formed to map out the impacts of climate change, and the necessary policy responses, in order to ensure the highest attainable standards of health for populations worldwide. This Commission is multidisciplinary and international in nature, with strong collaboration between academic centres in Europe and China. The central finding from the Commission's work is that tackling climate change could be the greatest global health opportunity of the 21st century. The key messages from the Commission are summarised below, accompanied by ten underlying recommendations to accelerate action in the next 5 years.

  • 41.
    Weidstam, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Sustainability passion in fashion: Challenges and Opportunities for Small and Medium-sized Swedish Apparel Brands when Working with Corporate Social Responsibility in their Global Supply Chain2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The overall economic development during the nineteenth and twentieth century has left us with an interconnected global society. However, the pollution does not adhere to the boundaries of nation-states. Therefore, the sustainability issue calls for holistic solutions on all levels of society, from individuals to states, large NGOs, and in particular the companies that produce the goods we consume.

    Corporate initiatives on this matter are usually referred to as Corporate Social Responsibility, or CSR. Many large corporations have been under scrutiny from different stakeholders ever since the early 1990’s and it is no longer possible for them to neglect their responsibility for i.e. pollution or human rights. However, smaller actors do not receive as much attention as their larger competitors, due to lower stakeholder awareness.

    With this background, this master thesis aims at investigating how small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) within the apparel industry in Sweden perceive their opportunities and challenges when working with CSR in their global supply chain. Thus, the thesis hopes to help bridge a scientific gap, and also connects to Supply Chain Management, SCM. This was accomplished through a literature review that identified and categorized different aspects of the problem. Following this, a multiple-case study with eight different brands was carried out, interviewing representatives from the organizations.

    The results show, among other things, that for SMEs, top management and/or owner values and commitment are of significant importance. This is in line with the literature. On the other hand, aspects like difficulties with language and cultural barriers were not an issue, contrary to the current academic research on SMEs. This was said to be due to the organizations extensive implementation or use of social capital through long-lasting business relations, which is another characteristic of the SME sector identified by the literature. Existing industry initiatives and cooperation between brands can work, but external help to manage these projects is essential for their success. Available Environmental Management Systems (EMS) on the other hand are often considered too expensive, time-consuming or unknown to end-consumers to be implemented. On the contrary, harsher government regulation and enforcement, both in Sweden as well as in the production countries are advocated. This is particularly noticeable, since generally, private sector representatives tend to be against government regulations.

  • 42.
    Zurek, Karolina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Analiza powstawania i funkcjonowania globalnego reżimu bezpieczeństwa i jakości żywności2012In: Wprowadzenie do problematyki globalnych reżimów regulacyjnych / [ed] A. Surdej, J. Brzozowski, Torun: Wydawnictwu Adam Marszalek , 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
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