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  • 1.
    Andersson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Costa, Rafael
    Sleutjes, Bart
    Stonawski, Marcin Jan
    de Valk, Helga A. G.
    A Comparative Study of Segregation Patterns in Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands and Sweden: Neighbourhood Concentration and Representation of Non-European Migrants2018In: European Journal of Population, ISSN 0168-6577, E-ISSN 1572-9885, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 251-275Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we use geo-coded, individual-level register data on four European countries to compute comparative measures of segregation that are independent of existing geographical sub-divisions. The focus is on non-European migrants, for whom aggregates of egocentric neighbourhoods (with different population counts) are used to assess small-scale, medium-scale, and large-scale segregation patterns. At the smallest scale level, corresponding to neighbourhoods with 200 persons, patterns of over- and under-representation are strikingly similar. At larger-scale levels, Belgium stands out as having relatively strong over- and under-representation. More than 55% of the Belgian population lives in large-scale neighbourhoods with moderate under- or over-representation of non-European migrants. In the other countries, the corresponding figures are between 30 and 40%. Possible explanations for the variation across countries are differences in housing policies and refugee placement policies. Sweden has the largest and Denmark the smallest non-European migrant population, in relative terms. Thus, in both migrant-dense and native-born-dense areas, Swedish neighbourhoods have a higher concentration and Denmark a lower concentration of non-European migrants than the other countries. For large-scale, migrant-dense neighbourhoods, however, levels of concentration are similar in Belgium, the Netherlands, and Sweden. Thus, to the extent that such concentrations contribute to spatial inequalities, these countries are facing similar policy challenges.

  • 2.
    Axelsson, Linn
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hedberg, Charlotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Zhang, Qian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Chinese restaurant workers in Sweden: policies, patterns and social consequences2013Report (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Incorporation of children of immigrants: the case of descendants of immigrants from Turkey in Sweden2013In: Ethnic and Racial Studies, ISSN 0141-9870, E-ISSN 1466-4356, Vol. 36, no 12, p. 2141-2159Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigatehh ow children of immigrants fromTurkey are integrated into Swedish society. The educational achievements and labour market outcomes of this group are compared with the performance  of the offspring of native.born parents. The aim of the study is to explore whether we can observe a tendency towards 'downwards mobility' among young people of immigrant background in Sweden and thereby provide reflections on the existing fomulationof the 'segmented assimilation' theory.Findings show that descendants of immigrants seem not to be in the process of downward assimilation, that is social exclusion and therefore formation of a distinct' underclassin Sweden. The concept of 'subordinate inclusion' is a more appropriate description of the experiences of children of immigrants.

  • 4.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Social capital and stigmatised immigrants2009In: European perspectives on exclusion and subordination: the political economy of migration / [ed] Anders Neergaard, Maaschtrict: Shaker Publishing, 2009, p. 232-237Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology. Linköping University.
    The ethnic penalty: immigration, education and the labour market2013In: Ethnic and Racial Studies, ISSN 0141-9870, E-ISSN 1466-4356, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 915-916Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Rasism: särskiljandets och rangordningens praktik2013In: Migrationens och etnicitetens epok: kritiska perspektiv i etnicitets- och migrationsstudier / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Anders Neergarard, Stockholm: Liber, 2013, 1, p. 168-198Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Bernhardt, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Goldscheider, Calvin
    Goldscheider, Frances
    What integrates the second generation?: Factors affecting family transitions to adulthood in Sweden2008In: International Migration in Europe: New trends and new methods of analysis, Amsterdam University Press , 2008, p. 225-246Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Good ethnography smells bad: On aesthetic experience in qualitative research2008In: Sveriges antropologförbunds årliga konferens (SANT): Visuell kultur, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aesthetic learning processes are being notified in current Swedish pedagogical research. The philosophical term aesthetics is used in multiple modes, some of them borrowing an agenda from the studies of fine art, some more with inspiration from cultural studies and popular culture. In this emerging field both ethnography and every-day-aesthetics are in focus. Despite new ways of doing ethnography the results still tend to look (!) like traditional ethnography. Field-notes saturated with sensuous and stinking data; e.g. moist socks, sweaty t-shirts and car fumes, still tend to depend upon written texts and photography as scientific proof. Moreover ethnography is still judged against a positivistic framework drawing from natural science. Is a change required? And in that case, can the future of visual anthropology challenge this hegemonic scientific paradigm?

  • 9.
    Carbin, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Det problematiska systerskapet: Purpurfärgen och postkolonial feminism2005In: Feministisk teori i rörliga bilder / [ed] Katharina Tollin & Maria Törnqvist, Malmö: Liber , 2005, 1, p. 83-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Carbin, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Det problematiska systerskapet: Purpurfärgen och postkolonial feminism2008In: Feministisk teori i rörliga bilder / [ed] Katharina Tollin & Maria Törnqvist, Malmö: Liber , 2008, 2, p. 83-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11. Dahlstedt, Magnus
    et al.
    Hertzberg, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Democracy the Swedish Way?: the Exclusion of ‘Immigrants’ in Swedish Politics2007In: Scandinavian Political Studies, ISSN 0080-6757, E-ISSN 1467-9477, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 53-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Official declarations state that Sweden is today a multicultural society. At the same time, ethnichierarchies have become increasingly conspicuous in contemporary Sweden. Recently, a governmentalinquiry on structural discrimination in Swedish society presented a report analysing therelationship between the multi-ethnic composition of the Swedish population and participationin Swedish politics. This article discusses some of the main findings of the report. On the basisof a number of case studies, it illustrates how inequalities in terms of participation and influencein Swedish politics are (re)produced. One of the main conclusions drawn in the article is that allcitizens that participate in Swedish politics are faced with a series of routines, conventions and idea(l)scategorising citizens according to their perceived closeness to a Swedish ‘normality’. Thus, democracynot only constitutes a formalised system of impartial procedures and conventions, routines andnorms that regulate the political process in a way that guarantees freedom and equality to allparticipants. Rather, political participation also reflects exclusionary practices long well-documentedin, for example, the housing and labour markets. In order to understand these practices, itis necessary to examine the historical interconnections betweennationalismanddemocracy. Bymeans of the recurrent characterisation of Swedish democracy as specifically Swedish, it becomesthe job of Swedes to ‘enlighten’ the ‘immigrants’ to become ‘Swedish democrats’. This specificconceptualisation of democracy is founded on the ideal of an archaic national community, whichin contemporary multi-ethnic Sweden is not capable of including the whole population on equal terms.

  • 12. Dahlstedt, Magnus
    et al.
    Olson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education. Dalarna University, Sweden; University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Ana’s Tragedy – and Europe’s: A Contemplation over Romani, belonging and the conditioned citizenship making in a Europe of Migration2016In: European Journal of Futures Research, ISSN 2195-4194, E-ISSN 2195-2248, Vol. 4, no 1, article id UNSP 16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the notion of belonging in today’s multi-ethnic Sweden and hints at perpectives of future European identity-building. On the basis of Frantz Fanon’s understanding of colonialism and the colonized mentality as theoretical, the article deals with the situation of Roma in Sweden – and Europe. With the story of a young Roma woman that has migrated to Sweden from Hungary as point of departure, the article addresses the situation for Romani people, but also for other migrants in Europe, with particular focus on who are allowed to belong to the community of Swedish and European citizens, and who are not.

  • 13.
    Dingu-Kyrklund, Elena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Citizenship, Migration, and Social Integration in Sweden: A Model for Europe?2007In: CERIS Working Paper No.52, January 2007, Toronto, Canada., no 52, p. 73-Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Transnational migration has been a constant element of human existence. Admission and

    integration of migrants has, in time, become an increasingly important element of decision-making

    policies in many nations. Classifications of voluntary and involuntary migrants according to their

    reasons for migrating and the socio-economic and political reasons for the acceptance of such

    individuals by the receiving countries have been the object of numerous national and international

    pieces of legislation. This has served to underscore the importance of belonging for all parties

    involved: both migrants (more or less welcome in their adoptive countries) and states alike. In a

    formal sense, the ultimate signal of unlimited acceptance remains the granting of citizenship by

    his/her new country to the “adoptee-resident.” Only citizens normally enjoy an unconditional right

    to live and reside without restrictions in a given country. Traditionally, this ultimate form of

    acceptance was (mutually) exclusive, which, for a long time, made it practically impossible for a

    person to be a citizen of more than one state. Gradual globalization and an unprecedented

    development of the very concept of citizenship, from a horizontal, national perspective to an

    emerging vertical, supra-national level (consider, for example, the concept of EU-citizenship and

    the special case of the Nordic states), required, at some point, a redefinition and re-evaluation of the

    concept of citizenship, in both formal legal and more informal terms. This paper examines this

    redefinition and re-evaluation within the context of Sweden.

  • 14.
    Dingu-Kyrklund, Elena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Migration and Recognition of Diplomas in Sweden2005In: European Journal of Education, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 123-140Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Trans-national migration is now a global phenomenon, affecting an increasing amount of persons, many of whom have already completed a form of higher education in their country of origin or earlier residence at the time of migration. There is consequently a need to evaluate foreign degrees and assess migrants’ professional competence beyond their initial borders. Recognition of diplomas against the background of the integration process is the core of this article. Combining considerations regarding migration and integration of highly educated international migrants on the labour market of their target countries with a closer perspective on the process of validation of foreign higher education and professional competence in Sweden, the article treats this topic as a European example of the development of an issue of increasing importance in years to come.

  • 15.
    Dingu-Kyrklund, Elena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Nationality and the child: children’s right to citizenship - the Swedish case2004In: The 3rd European Conference on Nationality “Nationality and the Child” 11-12 October 2004, 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The right to citizenship is an important right that every child should enjoy. In a general discussion on nationality, acquisition and loss of citizenship, the rights of the child against the background of extensive international migration, the article argues about the multiple aspects embedded in the citizenship concept and its practical content, presenting the legal status quo in the matter in the Swedish context.

  • 16.
    Duvander, Ann-Zofie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Mussino, Eleonora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Föräldraledig nu eller senare? Invandrade kvinnors användning av föräldrapenning2016In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 23, no 3-4, p. 259-282Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Parental leave now or later? Immigrant women’s use of parental leave benefit

    Sweden is a welfare state with a family policy that strongly emphasizes equality without distinction according to place of birth or gender. In this study, we investigate the di erences in uptake of parental leave between native and immigrant women, and the connection to labour-market attachment. Sweden represents a unique case study, not only because of the strong e ort to combine work and family for all women and men, the high level of fertility and the large presence of immigrants in the country; it also enables a detailed and sophisticated analysis based on the high-quality data derived from its population registers. We nd that immigrant mothers use more parental leave bene t the rst year after their child’s birth, but then fewer in the second year compared to native women. e di erences diminish when labour-market status is controlled for. Additionally, after some time in Sweden, immigrant mothers use leave more similarly to how native mothers do. We conclude that labour-market status is the most decisive factor for parental leave use and we point out the relationship between labour market and family policy. 

  • 17.
    Ellefson, Merja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    Governmentality and the Question of Origin - Pastoral Power and Processes of Inclusion and Exclusion2003Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to raise questions about possible links between nationalism, racism, Christian heritage and processes of inclusion and exclusion, and to explore the role of communication in these processes. I will first examine the problematic concepts of nation, state, nationalism, ethnie and race. My intention is to discuss different definitions and usages of these often-used concepts. A key aspect in the question of common ancestry is the nature-culture dichotomy, that is, to what extent the national character is the result of heredity (biology or nature), and to which extent it is molded by the social environment and upbringing (culture).Secondly, I will look into the different meanings of the adjective white and into the embodiments of whiteness. My intention is also to discuss the role of whiteness in the racial imagery and in the construction of normalcy. Does whiteness affect the formation of national identity and the ways Westerners are facing Otherness? What is the relationship between whiteness and pastoral power? Foucault speaks of the role of self-examination and consciousness-guidance. What about Augustine’s idea of natural hierachies? Are these aspects in turn linked to the rationality of state? Lastly, I will look into the role of visual communication, especially that of Christian iconography. To put it short, my focus will lie on the Foucauldian concept of governmentality, which I will try to develop further.

  • 18.
    Ellefson, Merja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    "We can hear each other's thoughts". Collective, governmentality and the question of origin2003In: Media Research in Progress: JMK Conference Contributions 2002, Stockholm: Stockholm University, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK) , 2003, p. 203-224Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to discuss different definitions and usages of concepts of nation, state, nation state, race and ethnie. For example, race is generally agreed to be a social construction, but the Swedish word “ras” has stronger biological connotations than the English “race”. Racial discourses contain a complicated and changing relationship between nature and culture, which makes differentiation between “race” and “ethnie” a hair-splitting activity. The concepts of nation, state and nationalism have also proven difficult to define. Furthermore, there are no simple criteria defining Europe’s geographic or symbolic borders, since there has never been one Europe. For example, when Estonians or Poles say are pleased to be part of Europe again, what does it mean? Did they at some point stop being European? Or, does the word “European” only signify “member of EU”? Richard Dyer, in his book White (1997), asks if the white man really knows he is white. Dyer makes a distinction between white as color, skin color and symbol. The conflation of the different meanings of whiteness enables images of white supremacy and distinctions or ranking between different white ethnicities. Popular culture and media in general play an important role in discourses about origin, human nature, culture, in-groups and out-groups. Some whites are clearly whiter than other whites, just as some Swedes are more Swedish than other Swedes.

  • 19.
    Eriksson, Kimmo
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for the Study of Cultural Evolution. Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Simpson, Brent
    Editorial Decisions May Perpetuate Belief in Invalid Research Findings2013In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 9, article id e73364Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social psychology and related disciplines are seeing a resurgence of interest in replication, as well as actual replication efforts. But prior work suggests that even a clear demonstration that a finding is invalid often fails to shake acceptance of the finding. This threatens the full impact of these replication efforts. Here we show that the actions of two key players journal editors and the authors of original (invalidated) research findings - are critical to the broader public's continued belief in an invalidated research conclusion. Across three experiments, we show that belief in an invalidated finding falls sharply when a critical failed replication is published in the same - versus different - journal as the original finding, and when the authors of the original finding acknowledge that the new findings invalidate their conclusions. We conclude by discussing policy implications of our key findings.

  • 20.
    Feiler, Yael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Musicology and Performance Studies. Teater- och dansvetenskap.
    Första generationen2008In: I&M: Invandrare & Minoriteter, ISSN 1404-6857, Vol. Årgång 35, no Nr 1 2008, p. 26-27Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Haandrikman, Karen
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography. Department of Social and Economic Geography, Uppsala University.
    Hassanen, Sadia
    Multicultural Centre & Department of Cultural Anthropology, Stockholm University.
    Onward Migration of African Europeans:Comparing Attitudes to Migration Motives2014Report (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Hallengren, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Dynamics of Absolute Value2002In: Annual Meeting of the Caribbean Studies Association: The Bahamas 27th, May 27–June 1st, 2002. CSA CD. ASOCIACIÓN DE ESTUDIOS DEL CARIBE, San Germán, Puerto Rico: CSA/Asociación de estudios del Caribe , 2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Hallengren, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    E pluribus unum: Mauritian reflections2013In: Patterns: Make 'Em and Break 'Em / [ed] Lawson, Carol S., and Robert. F. Lawson, West Chester, Pa., USA: Chrysalis Reader/Swedenborg Foundation Press , 2013, 1, p. 74-81Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [fr]

    Histoire sommaire de la Nouvelle Église chrétienne en Maurice

  • 24.
    Hallengren, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Invandrarbarnens problem1976In: Svensk Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-677X, Vol. 63, no 1, p. 36-42Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Hallengren, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Kring böcker och människor: de gåtfulla barbarerna1979In: Nordisk Tidskrift för vetenskap, konst och industri, ISSN 0029-1501, p. 354-358Article, book review (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Review of Barbro Sætersdal's book Innvandrerne og barna deres (Oslo: Universitetsforl. 1978, ISBN 82-00-26512-9)

  • 26.
    Hallengren, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Momåla-Lönneberga-Dallas – Utvandrarsverige återspeglades i TV-smaken ett sekel senare: En inventering av populära TV-serier 1970-19851989In: Värld och vetande, ISSN 0346-4873, Vol. 38, no 10, p. 265-279Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An analytical survey of popular TV series 1970-1985 and their impact in Swedish media based on inofficial statistics. 

  • 27.
    Hallengren, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Nelson Mandela and the rainbow culture2004In: Peace in a restless world / [ed] Swami Shantananda, Piercy, CA: Chinmaya Publications , 2004, p. 116-120Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28.
    Hallengren, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Nelson Mandela and the Rainbow of Culture2003In: The Star, no 17 JulyArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Special feature issue of the Johannesburg Star, the country's largest-circulation daily paper.

  • 29.
    Hallengren, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Nordens huvudstad: svenska andar i det metafysiska Petersburg1999In: Parnass, ISSN 1104-0548, no 3, p. 34-35Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Review of Dmitrij Spivak's book Severnaya stolitsa: metafizika Peterburga (“The northern capital—the metaphysical Petersburg”; Sankt-Peterburg: TEMA, 1998), with a special focus on its second and most comprehensive part (Shvedskie korni, "Swedish roots"), and of Bengt Jangfeldt's Svenska vägar till S:t Petersburg (Stockholm 1998), supplemented by notes on other works in the same field and finally counterpoised by a note on my family's Russian background.

  • 30.
    Hallengren, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Race and Caste: Subjugation, Serfdom, Slavery1998Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Hedberg, Charlotta
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Disadvantage, Ethnic Niching or Pursuit of a Vision? Motives of Immigrant Women Care Entrepreneurs in the Ageing Swedish Society2012In: Journal of International Migration and Integration, ISSN 1488-3473, E-ISSN 1874-6365, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 423-440Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As immigrant groups grow older, host societies are faced with new challenges of integration. In a labor market that is structured by ethnicity and gender, the demand for culturally competent care provides immigrant women with the opportunity to become entrepreneurs within the care sector. This article analyzes 20 in-depth interviews with immigrant women from 13 countries who are entrepreneurs in home-help services for elderly people. The article analyzes the complex motives behind the women’s entrepreneurship. Ethnic entrepreneurship has mainly been approached as a way for immigrants to survive in the labor market—the disadvantage theory—or as a means to create job opportunities for co-ethnics within ethnic economies. Opposed to this, three main motives appear in the analysis: first, the processes of ethnic and gender sorting in the care sector; second, ethnic strategies in the labor market; and third, the wish to gain independence and improve the quality of care. Only in a few cases is ethnic entrepreneurship practiced within ethnic economies; instead, it is mainly found within cross-cultural economies, consisting of employees and customers of mixed origin who are embedded in a majority society. The women construct their ethnic identities to compete in the segmented Swedish labor market by creating ethnic identities of care that are adjusted to meet the needs of their customers in a cross-cultural society.

  • 32.
    Hedlund, Daniel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Ensamkommande barn och ungdomar: En introduktion till samhällskontext, forskning och ramverk2018Book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Hedlund, Daniel
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Salmonsson, Lisa
    Challenges in the Guardianship of Unaccompanied Minors Seeking Asylum2018In: The International Journal of Children's Rights, ISSN 0927-5568, E-ISSN 1571-8182, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 489-509Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we explore the research literature relating to the guardianship of unaccompanied minors seeking asylum. In particular, we seek to find out what type of dilemmas have been identified by research concerning the guardianship of unaccompanied minors, and the focus that the literature has therefore taken. A comprehensive search of identified databases was conducted. Ultimately, 38 publications were selected for analysis. The review was qualitative and inductive. The results of the review suggest that research has identified and focused on challenges in the form of diverging policy such as gaps and inconsistencies in guardianship institutions, as well as challenges in balancing different objectives concerning the guardianship role, such as conflicting interest in the guardianship assignment or between different actors involved in protecting the child’s interest.The conclusion is that different configurations of guardianship institutions, as well as the identified challenges for practice, appear to be related to the welfare state model. Therefore, future research concerning guardianship for unaccompanied minors needs to move beyond legal sources and policy documents by focusing on empirically informed research on the relationship between child care/protection, principles of assessing the best interest of the child and the welfare state systems.

  • 34.
    Hedlund, Daniel
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Wimark, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Unaccompanied children claiming asylum on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identityIn: The Journal of Refugee Studies, ISSN 0951-6328, E-ISSN 1471-6925Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the asylum claims of unaccompanied children concerning sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) and examines how case officers at the Swedish Migration Agency (SMA) responded to the credibility of their claims. The SMA provided one calendar year of asylum decisions concerning unaccompanied children, and 16 SOGI cases were identified. A thematic analysis of the cases was conducted. The results showed that case officers directed their focus to the quality of the children’s sexual relationships. This indicates that the case officers expect children to engage in long-term relationships similar to adults, despite their age. Furthermore, case officers tended to only render narratives credible if the society as whole was narrated as perpetrators. This indicates that case officers expect origin societies to be monolithic. The main conclusion, therefore, is that case officers are guided both by homonormative as well as homonationalist views in their decision-making process.

  • 35.
    Hellgren, Zenia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Att överbrygga klyftan mellan lag och handling: antidiskrimineringsorganisationernas verksamhet och allmänhetens ansvar2007In: Makt, kultur och kontroll över invandrares livsvillkor: ett multidimensionellt perspektiv på strukturell diskriminering i Sverige / [ed] Tom R. Burns, Nora Machado, Zenia Hellgren, Göran Brodin, Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2007, p. 411-435Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    EU:s antidiskrimineringsdirektiv har försett svenska organisationer som arbetar mot rasism och diskriminering med ett kraftfullt redskap för att nå politiskt inflytande på ett nationellt plan. Samtidigt är aktörer som företräder antidiskrimineringsorganisationerna överens om att klyftan är djup mellan EU:s lagstiftning å ena sidan, och en bestående och utbredd etnisk diskriminering å andra sidan. Denna diskrepans mellan lag och handling utgör grunden för en ökad mobilisering bland antidiskrimineringsorganisationerna, där en central del av arbetet består i att informera allmänheten och försöka få till stånd en nationell samling mot rasism och etnisk diskriminering. Antidiskrimineringsorganisationerna har tveklöst en viktig roll för information och medvetandegörande, men kan inte ensamma åstadkomma ett samhälle fritt från diskriminering. Dessutom är antidiskrimineringsorganisationernas handlingsutrymme till viss del begränsat av de villkor som ställs för att få del av statliga bidrag och offentligt erkännas som organisation. Detta gör att många organisationer tystar ner kritiska röster av rädsla för att förlora ekonomiska medel och marginaliseras som rörelser. Inte minst försvåras arbetet för ett generellt erkännande av strukturell diskriminering, vilket är en central fråga för de flesta av de här organisationerna, av sådana omständigheter. Risken är därmed att föreställningar om etnisk diskriminering som en marginell företeelse reproduceras och normaliseras, och att vardagsrasism och dold diskriminering samt den svenska majoritetsbefolkningens roll i integrationsprocessen förblir perifera frågor i den offentliga och politiska debatten. En stor del av de uppgifter som redovisas i det här kapitlet bygger på intervjuer med företrädare för ombudsmannen mot etnisk diskriminering (DO), Integrationsverket samt en rad olika antidiskrimineringsorganisationer, NGOs och etniska organisationer som jag har genomfört under 2005 i samband med ett EU-projekt (Hellgren 2005), samt på uppgifter från en annan delrapport inom samma projekt (Carson 2005).

  • 36.
    Hertzberg, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Failure as difference: employment agency officials representing the labour market chances for youth of immigrant descent2008In: Sameness and diversity: the Nordic werlfare state model and the integration of immigrants on the labour market / [ed] Helena Blomberg, Annika Forsander, Christian Kroll, Perttu Salmenhaara & Matti Similä, Helsinki: Research Institute, Swedish School of Social Science, University of Helsinki , 2008, p. 227-253Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Hertzberg, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Gymnasievalet och bilder av framtiden på en etniskt delad arbetsmarknad2007In: Utbildning, arbete, med­borgarskap: strategier för social inkludering i den mångetniska staden / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Fredrik Hertzberg, Susanne Urban, Aleksandra Ålund, Umeå: Boréa Bokförlag, 2007, p. 129-158Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Hertzberg, Fredrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Dahlstedt, MagnusRemeso, Linköpings universitet.
    Demokrati på svenska?: Om strukturell diskriminering och politisk deltagande2005Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Hertzberg, Fredrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Roth, Hans-Ingvar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Tolerance and Cultural Diversity Discourses in Sweden2010Report (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Jonsson, Rickard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Att skapa invandrarkillar: Maskulina stereotyper i en högstadieskola i Stockholm2008In: Den kalla och varma staden: Migration och stadsförändring i Stockholm efter 1970, Stockholmia, Stockholm , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Jonsson, Rickard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Hiphoparna ligger ju inte heller högt upp!: Om skola, maskulina positioner och rädslan för att hamna längst ner2007In: Brunt!: Nationalistisk och nazistisk mobilisering i vår närmaste omvärld under efterkrigstiden, 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Jonsson, Rickard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Hiphopperne ligger jo heller ikke højt oppe!: Om skole, maskulinepositioner og frygten for at havne længst nede i hierarkiet2009In: Social kritik tidsskrift for social analyse og debat, ISSN 0904-3535, no 118, p. 24-37Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Jonsson, Rickard
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Gustafson, Kristina
    Lunds universitet.
    Vad betyder IMER? tankar om ambivalens och återupprättande2009In: Vem älskar imerforskning? en jubileumsskrift för CEIFO 2009. / [ed] Erik Olsson & Annika Rabo, Stockholm: Stockholms universitet (CEIFO) , 2009, 1, p. 64-71Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Jonsson, Rickard
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Milani, Tommaso M
    Department of Linguistics, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
    Här är alla lika!: Jämlikhetsideologi och konstruktionen av den "Andre" i media och skola2009In: Utbildning och Demokrati, ISSN 1102-6472, E-ISSN 2001-7316, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 67-86Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Lalander, Rickard
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Gustafsson, Maria-Therese
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies. Latinamerika-Institutet.
    Movimiento indígena y liderazgo político local en la Sierra ecuatoriana:: ¿Actores políticos o proceso social?2008In: Provincia: Revista venezolana de estudios territoriales, ISSN 1317-9533, no 19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The indigenous movement in Ecuador has combined social mobilization with political institutionalization. The organic relation between the social movement CONAIE and the political party (or movement) Pachakutik has been successful, but also complicated, giving rise to internal conflicts and fragmentation. In this study the relations between Pachakutik and CONAIE are analyzed at the local level in Otavalo and Cotacachi. The authors argue for the importance to analyze the organizational structures locally, since the indigenous movements has been strongest at this level. In Otavalo the ethnic tensions have been clearly manifested through rupture of the mayor, Mario Conejo who left Pachakutik and created a new political movement – Minga Intercultural-. The case of Cotacachi is likewise particular since an alliance is established between the mayor Auki Tituaña and the peasant movement, UNORCAC (with links to the Socialist Party). Drawing on an analytical framework of collective action and decentralization the authors argue that it is impossible to draw an exact line between what is the social and the political movement.

  • 46.
    Lalander, Rickard
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies. Latinamerika-Institutet.
    Gustafsson, Maria-Therese
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies. Latinamerika-Institutet.
    ¿Proceso social o actores políticos?: Reflexiones sobre Pachakutik y CONAIE desde Imbabura2008In: Aportes Andinos, no 21Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    El movimiento indígena ecuatoriano ha combinado movilización social con institucionalización política. La relación orgánica entre el movimiento social –CONAIE- y el partido (o movimiento) político -Pachakutik- ha sido tanto exitosa como complicada, con implicaciones en formas de conflictos internos y fragmentación. En el presente estudio se analizan las relaciones entre Pachakutik y la CONAIE a nivel local: los casos de los cantones Otavalo y Cotacachi. Se argumenta sobre la importancia de analizar las estructuras organizativas a nivel local, ya que es allí donde el movimiento indígena ecuatoriano ha tenido su fortaleza principal. En Otavalo las tensiones de carácter étnico se han manifestado claramente, incluso con la reciente desafiliación del Alcalde Mario Conejo de las filas de Pachakutik y la emergencia de otro movimiento político local –la Minga Intercultural- alrededor del alcalde. El caso de Cotacachi igualmente se presenta contradictorio, ya que allí la alianza principal del Alcalde Auki Tituaña es con una organización campesina indígena fuera de la CONAIE, la UNORCAC (asociada al Partido Socialista Ecuatoriano). Dentro del marco analítico de acción colectiva y la descentralización, los autores arguyen que en la práctica es imposible crear una frontera definitiva entre lo que se debería clasificar como movimiento social y/o político respectivamente.

  • 47.
    Linde, Vysse
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Förebyggande samtal med flyktingföräldrar2006In: Satsa på barnens vardagsmiljöer -: Mottagande och introduktion av flyktingbarn och ungdomar, Stiftelsen Allmänna Barnhuset , 2006Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 48.
    Linde, Vysse
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Om förändringsprocesser vid migration: Perspektiv på flyktingfamilj och samhälle2002In: Barn, ungdom och utbildning i mångkulturella samhällen, FoU Södertörn , 2002Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Lundqvist, Catarina
    Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Linköpings universitet.
    Möjligheternas horisont: Etnicitet, utbildning och arbete i ungas berättelser om karriärer2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about how young people of foreign background talk about their lives and how they perceive their career choices regarding education and work. The aim of the thesis is to analyze how horizons of opportunity in relation to careership – the processes that generate different kinds of career choices – appear in individual narratives. The empirical data were collected through fieldwork over the course of one year in an upper secondary school using different techniques: participant observation and interviews.

    The analysis shows that the family’s social position and the parents’ careers form an important vantage point facilitating young people to assess future opportunities. Results indicate that structured individualization in terms both of social class and ethnicity affects young people's career choices and their horizons of opportunity. Furthermore, the study highlights how career choices need to be understood in relation to a horizon of opportunity encompassing both a temporal and a spatial dimension. Young people's horizons of opportunity are obscured by perceived ethnic discrimination in the labour market, as well as by ethnic categorizations at school affecting their careership. When young people in their narratives position themselves in the context of their parents' homeland, they extend the scope of action in a symbolic but also practical sense. By taking into account their translocal position, we see how positioning in different spatial contexts is associated with shifts in the horizon of opportunity that are related to career choices.

  • 50.
    Lundqvist, Maja
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (CEIFO).
    Våldets reglerande kraft: en intervjustudie om staden, landet, världen och våldet2011Report (Other academic)
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