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  • 1.
    af Edholm, Klas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Människooffer i fornnordisk religion: En diskussion utifrån arkeologiskt material och källtexter2016In: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, Vol. 1, no 65, p. 125-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The discussion of ritual killing and sacrifice of humans in Old Norse religion has a long

    tradition. In the more text oriented discipline of history of religions, the opinion has

    sometimes been very critical to the theories that human sacrifices were performed, while

    the discipline of archaeology has been more inclined to interpret some finds as the traces

    of sacrifice, although sometimes due to a too wide definition of the word ‘sacrifice’. Since

    the two disciplines use different sources, the research needs an analysis of the religious

    phenomenon with a consideration of the archaeological material, and with respect to

    how the two disciplines may contribute to the analysis. The written sources mention and

    describe human sacrifices, but the question of their authenticity is problematic. Some new

    archaeological surveys have revealed finds that has raised the question of human sacrifices

    during Late Iron Age in the northern countries anew. The new archaeological material

    may provide an altered interpretation of the written texts. But then we need to discuss the

    definition of ‘human sacrifice’ from the perspectives of both disciplines.

  • 2.
    af Edholm, Kristoffer
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Rajyasri: Royal Splendour in the Vedas and the Epics2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses the late-Vedic goddess Śrī and her non-personified precedent śrī ‘splendour, glory, excellence, fortune’. Śrī has not before been studied in the light of the Avestan royal splendour, xᵛarənah, and is often interpreted one-sidedly as a pre-Aryan goddess of prosperity. In contrast, this thesis locates the genealogy of Śrī’s characteristics in the Vedic goddess of dawn. The meaning of light in Vedic poetic and sacrificial terminology is highlighted, especially in the relation between royal patron and priest-poet. Śrī’s relation to terms like varcas and tejas, the “shining fame” of the hero, and epic descriptions of blazing warriors, are discussed. The nimbus in early Indian iconography is compared to descriptions of royal splendour in the texts. A subsistent theme in epics, myths and Vedic rituals is identified: the splendour won, lost and recovered by the king. This paradigm is showed to be dependent on the truthfulness, sacrificial status and asceticism of the king. A new understanding of central events in the royal consecration ritual, in the Rāmāyaṇa and the Mahābhārata are thereby offered. It is argued that a continuous and richly varied concept of royal splendour can be identified, from the Ṛgveda to the great epics, and that it is of considerable importance in the ancient Indian rulership ideology.

    Key words:  Royal splendour, śrī, goddess Śrī, Avestan xᵛarənah, tejas, varcas, svayaṃvara, ascetic, legitimation of power, fire, sun, dawn, Indra, Viṣṇu, rājasūya, king and priest-poet, Vedic ritual, Vedas, Mahābhārata, Rāmāyaṇa, Indo-European.

  • 3.
    af Edholm, Kristoffer
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Recent Studies on the Ancient Indian Vrātya2017In: Electronic Journal of Vedic Studies, ISSN 1084-7561, E-ISSN 1084-7561, Vol. 24, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ”vrātya problem” has been discussed for more than a century. It is not clear who the vrātya is, as some Vedic passages describe him in a cryptic manner. That the vrātya continues to engage scholars is demonstrated by two recent publications, both with T. Pontillo as one of the editors: The Volatile World of Sovereignty: The Vrātya Problem and Kingship in South Asia (2015), and Vrātya Culture in Vedic Sources (2016). In this review article I look at the two volumes in context of previous reseach and discuss a handful of the contributions. I also refer to a number of vrātya-related articles published elsewhere.

  • 4.
    Andersson, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Religiösa värderingar hos muslimska SFI-elever2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den som säger sig tillhöra en viss religion kan i praktiken vara mer eller mindre troende, eller inte troende alls. Det kan handla om att man firar vissa högtider men utan att särskilt bry sig om deras religiösa innebörd, eller att man ibland deltar i gudstjänster och ber någon gång i månaden, eller ett liv iständig hågkomst av Guds närvaro. Spektrat av religiositet för en person kan vara allt från att religionen endast har kulturell betydelse till att man lever sitt liv helt enligt dess påbud, såväl som att man anser att religion är en privatsak till att man arbetar för att samhället skall formas enligt religionen.

    Vad gäller islam i Sverige har de muslimska samfundens organisation och aktiviteter beskrivits i ganska stor detalj. Däremot finns inte mycket kunskap om de värderingar de står för. Och vad gäller värderingar och övertygelser hos muslimer i allmänhet finns nästan ingenting skrivet. Denna uppsatstar fasta på den kunskapsbristen.

    Genom en enkätbaserad attitydundersökning av explorativ karaktär med muslimska SFI-elever somrespondenter har följande frågor undersökts:

    - Är fundamentalism ett utbrett fenomen inom denna grupp?

    - I hur stor utsträckning anser man att shari’a bör gälla för muslimer i Sverige och vad är attityden tilldemokrati?

    - Hur ser relationen mellan religion och moral ut och hur uppfattas det svenska samhället i dettasammanhang?

    Undersökningens resultat är överlag i samstämmighet med tidigare undersökningar med liknande teman. Respondenterna har en överväldigande positiv attityd till demokrati och en stor del anser också att yttrandefrihet är bra. Samtidigt tycks många mena att islam är undantaget yttrandefriheten ochatt islamiska regler är viktigare än svensk lag. Stödet för shari’a är också påtagligt. En stor majoritet menar att gudstro är nödvändig för att vara en moralisk person och anser samtidigt att Sverige är ett moraliskt land.

    På grund av urvalsmetoden och den stora andel som avstått från att delta i undersökningen kan resultatet inte generaliseras utanför gruppen av respondenter.

  • 5.
    Andersson, Roger
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    Heliga Birgittas texter på fornsvenska i ny utgåva2015In: Signum : katolsk orientering om kyrka, kultur, samhälle, ISSN 0347-0423, no 6, p. 37-41Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Andersson, Roger
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Sacred Eloquence on Christmas Day at the Universities of Leipzig and Vienna2014In: Swedish students at the University of Leipzig in the Middle Ages: careers, books, and teaching / [ed] Olle Ferm, Sara Risberg, Stockholm: Sällskapet Runica et mediævalia, Centre for Medieval Studies, Stockholm University , 2014, p. 67-91Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Andersson, Roger
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Sermon Manuscripts of Different Kinds2011In: Medieval Sermon Studies, ISSN 1366-0691, Vol. 55, p. 31-44Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Aryan idols: Indo-European mythology as ideology and science2006Book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Drudgery dwarf: on the absence of labour in the Nibelungen tradition2006In: Old Norse religion in long-term perspectives: origins, changes, and interactions : an international conference in Lund, Sweden, June 3-7, 2004 / [ed] Anders Andrén, Kristina Jennbert, Catharina Raudvere, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2006, p. 405-411Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Stockholm University.
    Germania: Noen hovedlinjer i forskningen om fortidens germanere2009In: Jakten på Germania: Fra nordensvermeri til SS-arkeologi / [ed] Jorunn Sem Fure och Terje Emberland, Oslo: Humanist , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Stockholm University.
    Greed and the nature of evil: Tolkien versus Wagner2010In: Journal of Religion and Popular Culture, ISSN 1703-289X, E-ISSN 1703-289X, Vol. 22, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scholars studying J.R.R. Tolkien have often chosen to ignore the influence of Richard Wagner on Tolkien’s opus. This article starts out with showing how profound this influence was and continues by analysing Tolkien’s and Wagner’s common interest in the Old Norse Mythology of the Vikings. Examining the recently published The Legend of Sigurd and Gudrún by Tolkien and The Lord of the Rings, the author penetrates and compares the importante themes of greed and evilness in these books and in Wagner’s Der Ring des Nibelungen. The author takes up for discussion the radically different politic views of the two artists and indicates how this is important for their respective view of power and greed.

  • 12.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Stockholm University.
    Moderna myter och revolutionära drömmar: Exemplet Nibelungens ring av Richard Wagner.2009In: Tankar om ursprung: Forntiden och medeltiden i nordisk historieanvändning, Stockholm: Historiska Muséet , 2009, p. 199-222Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Myt idag: Tankar om myt, politik och kultur i vår samtid 2012In: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, no 53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The conditions for the creation, distribution and reception of myths have changed drastically during the late modern era. Do myths exist at all in the contemporary, Western societies? If so, where are they and what do we then mean by “myth”? The article is a sketchy overview of different areas where myths might be found, and the author simultaneous tries to discuss relevant definitions of myth. From the conceptualization of myth in the Enlightenment and Romantic era the article moves on to discuss the reception of mythology in New Age spirituality, the invention of Nationalist mythologies and the issue of myths in the products of the Culture industry and commerce. The main focus is on the debatable issue wither or not the liberal, “post-politic” discourse of contemporary Westerns democracies – a discourse often presented as drained of any fantastic rhetoric and only concerned with practical, instrumental decisions – could be said to contain myths.

  • 14.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Stockholm University.
    Susannah Heschel, The Aryan Jesus: Christian Theologians and the Bible in Nazi Germany2010In: Journal of Religion in Europe, ISSN 1874-8910, E-ISSN 1874-8929, Vol. 3, p. 183-196Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Varför religionsvetenskap? En ämnesintroduktion för nya studenter2012Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Varför religionsvetenskap? vill vara en kärnfull introduktion till religionsvetenskapen för studenter på högskolor och universitet. Grundläggande begrepp och tumregler presenteras och frågor om religionsvetenskapens nytta och nöje tacklas. Tyngdpunkten ligger på religionsvetenskapens frågeställningar och hur man från den grundläggande undran rör sig över metodval och materialinsamling till teoretiserandets och jämförelsens höjder.

  • 16.
    Ask, Julia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    “No Rules Apply to Another Man’s Wife”: Social Reforms of the Devadasi System in South India2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 17.
    Asprem, Egil
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Esotericism and the Scholastic Imagination: The Origins of Esoteric Practice in Christian Kataphatic Spirituality2016In: Correspondences: Online Journal for the Academic Study of Western Esotericism, E-ISSN 2053-7158, Vol. 4, p. 3-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scholars agree that the imagination is central to esoteric practice. While the esoteric vis imaginativa is usually attributed to the influx of Neoplatonism in the Italian Renaissance, this article argues that many of its key properties were already in place in medieval scholasticism. Two aspects of the history of the imagination are discussed. First, it is argued that esoteric practice is rooted in a broader kataphatic trend within Christian spirituality that explodes in the popular devotion literature of the later Middle Ages. By looking at the role of Bonaventure’s “cognitive theology” in the popularization of gospel meditations and kataphatic devotional prayer, it is argued that there is a direct link between the scholastic reconsideration of theimaginative faculty and the development of esoteric practices inspired by Christian devotional literature. Secondly, it is argued that the Aristotelian inner sense tradition of the scholastics left a lasting impression on later esoteric conceptualizations of the imaginative faculty. Examples suggesting evidence for both these two claims are discussed. The article proposes to view esoteric practices as an integral part of a broader kataphatic stream in European religious history, separated out by a set of disjunctive strategies rooted in the policing of “orthopraxy” by ecclesiastical authorities.

  • 18.
    Asprem, Egil
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Explaining the Esoteric Imagination: Towards a Theory of Kataphatic Practice2017In: Aries: Journal for the Study of Western Esotericism, ISSN 1567-9896, E-ISSN 1570-0593, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 17-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The imagination is central to esoteric practices, but so far scholars have shown little interest in exploring cognitive theories of how the imagination works. The only exception is Tanya Luhrmann's interpretive drift theory and related research on mental imagery cultivation, which has been used to explain the subjective persuasiveness of modern ritual magic. This article draws on recent work in the neuroscience of perception in order to develop a general theory of kataphatic (that is, imagery based) practice that goes beyond the interpretive drift theory. Mental imagery is intimately linked with perception. Drawing on "predictive coding" theory, the article argues that kataphatic practices exploit the probabilistic, expectation-based way that the brain processes sensory information and creates models (perceptions) of the world. This view throws light on a wide range of features of kataphatic practices, from their contemplative and cognitive aspects, to their social organization and demographic make-up, to their pageantry and material culture. By connecting readily observable features of kataphatic practice to specific neurocognitive mechanisms related to perceptual learning and cognitive processing of mental imagery, the predictive coding paradigm also creates opportunities for combining historical research with experimental approaches in the study of religion. I illustrate how this framework may enrich the study of Western esotericism in particular by applying it to the paradigmatic case of " astral travel" as it has developed from the Golden Dawn tradition of ritual magic, especially in the work of Aleister Crowley.

  • 19.
    Asprem, Egil
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Om religionspluralisme, reformasjon, og postsekularitet2016In: Internasjonal Politikk, ISSN 0020-577X, E-ISSN 1891-1757, Vol. 74, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Asprem, Egil
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Davidsen, Markus Altena
    What Cognitive Science Offers the Study of Esotericism2017In: Aries: Journal for the Study of Western Esotericism, ISSN 1567-9896, E-ISSN 1570-0593, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 1-15Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Bildförbud eller ordförbud? Om ikonoklasmen hos Birgitta Trotzig2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med utgångspunkt i Birgitta Trotzigs metapoetiska reflektion och litterära praxis diskuterar jag den interartiella transformativitetens gränser. Trotzig är extremt öppen för interartiell kommunikation och har själv beskrivit sitt författarskap som en rörelse från bild till ord. Hennes texter rymmer mängder av explicita och implicita intermediala referenser: till bildkonst, film, teater, skulptur, fotografi, arkitektur etc. Samtidigt har Trotzig i olika sammanhang problematiserat både den interartiella transformativiteten och konstarternas inbördes kompatibilitet. I en central metapoetisk deklaration, ”’Varför skriver jag?’” (1986), hänvisar hon till den berömda medeltida ikonoklastiska striden, som behandlar den intermediala transpositionens väsen och legitimitet som ett dogmatiskt, kristologiskt problem. I föredraget granskar jag i vilken mån Trotzigs resonemang kring intermediala restriktioner kan föras tillbaka på bildstormarnas teologiska argument och i vilken utsträckning hennes litterära praktik styrs av ikonoklastiska normer. Föredraget utmynnar i frågan om inte Trotzigs ikonoklasm i själva verket är en särform av hennes ännu djupare rotade logoklasm – som kanske ytterst bottnar i en generell medioklasm.

  • 22.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Birgitta Trotzig och mystiken2004In: Filologiskt smörgåsbord: en jubileumsskrift från skandinavistiken i Kraków, Kraków: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego , 2004, p. 13-31Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Vad döljer sig i Västerbottens mage?: Om Augustinus och Torgny Lindgrens Minnen 2014In: Samlaren: tidskrift för svensk litteraturvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-6133, E-ISSN 2002-3871, Vol. 135, p. 5-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article investigates the complex intertextual dialogue between Torgny Lindgren's Minnen (2010) and Augustine's Confessions, from which Lindgren has taken the motto of his autobiography. By using the patristic intertext as a starting point, the investigation intends to show how Lindgren has constructed his image of Västerbotten. The article is divided into four parts. The first part (I), establishes the heuristic principles of the investigation, which adhere to the recent tendency in patristic studies to observe the heterogeneous character of Augustine's world of thought. The second part of the article (II) charts parallels between text and intertext in their portrayal of grace, evil, and man. It emerges that those elements of Lindgren's world view which are particularly closely related to Augustinian theology are also the ones that possess a particularly strong Västerbottnian character. This intertextual affinity can be explained not only with reference to the Lutheran tradition of Västerbotten, but also has to be related to the text's specific structure of memoria, which is unravelled in the remaining parts (III-IV). On the basis of modern cultural anthropological theories of memory, the third part demonstrates that most of the differences between text and intertext can be linked to the cultural memory of modernity, and document the rise and fall of industrial subjectivity. Lindgren embeds his autobiographical version of Västerbotten into the basic structure of modern memory, transforms it into a quasi-subject, and taints it with the symptoms of decay that plague the industrial 'I.' In the same as Western modernity, Minnen draws the majority of its metaphors of dissolution from Augustine's paradigmatic doctrine of sin. The fourth part of the article (IV) aims to analyse the autobiography's mechanisms of substitution. It is argued that these attempt-in analogy to many Western critics of modernity-to counteract the crisis of industrial cultural memory by reviving the Augustinian forms of memoria and creating a synthesis of pre-industrial and industrial. Within the quasi subject of Västerbotten and its wealth of agrarian objects, Lindgren finds adequate metaphorical models for use in his compensatory project of counter-memory. The article concludes by observing that, just as Minnen's productive dialogue with Augustine allows it to recapitulate the history of Western memory, Lindgren's Västerbotten is elevated to the status of a universal symbol of European consciousness and its fate.

  • 24.
    Bengtsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages. Franska.
    Ung flicka i Vie de sainte Genevieve: En medeltida klassresa2008In: Förbistringar och förklaringar: Festskrift till Anders Piltz, Skåneförlaget, Ängelholm , 2008Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Berglie, Per-Arne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Goda råd och fula ord: En burmesisk gudinna talar2012In: Utblickar mot öster: Tretton essäer om Orienten / [ed] Per-Arne Berglie, Joakim Enwall, Christina Nygren, Stockholm: Svenska Orientsällskapet , 2012, p. 11-18Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Berglie, Per-Arne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Inledning2012In: Utblickar mot öster: Tretton essäer om Orienten / [ed] Per-Arne Berglie, Joakim Enwall, Christina Nygren, Stockholm: Svenska Orientsällskapet , 2012, p. 5-10Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    Berglie, Per-Arne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Religionens aktörer: Munkar, magiker och medier2009In: Kulturdebatt, ISSN 1100-147X, no 12, p. 22-25Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Student Perspectives on the Relation Between Mainstream SecularandQuran-based Islamic Education2018Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    My paper focuses on the reported experiences of Muslim students that regularly shift between Quran-centred supplementary Islamic education and mainstream secular school. The paper thus reflects how the Islamic worldview of the students impact their motivation and way of learning in secular school and also how their secular school environment impact their Islamic learning.

    The aim is to better comprehend how these students make sense of this dual educational experience while negotiating the knowledge, skills, and values that are taught to them by two apparently disparate institutions. The interviews were conducted in Stockholm and London, and thus a secondary aim is to assess the similarities and differences between these two national contexts. To balance and enhance our understanding of student experiences, this article employs a constructive understanding of Pierre Bourdieu's concepts of cultural capital and habitus as well as Andrey Rosowsky’s notion of liturgical literacy. It shows differences between Quran-based and mainstream notions of “reading”, especially with respect to their contrasting definitions of “understanding” and “meaning”; it also explores how competency in Quran recitation might become a valuable “capital” when translated from the language of “liturgical literacy” to the language of “skills”.

  • 29.
    Berglund, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
    Gent, Bill
    Memorization and focus: important transferables between supplementary Islamic education and mainstream schooling2018In: Journal of Religious Education, ISSN 1442-018X, Vol. 66, no 2, p. 125-138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the results of a participative study, involving a group of 27 British Muslim students aged 15–18, who were given the opportunity to reflect on the implications of having participated in two different ‘traditions’ of education: that is, Muslim supplementary education (in its various forms) and state mainstream schooling. The project was participative in that school senior managers had invited the researchers to carry out the research as part of their constant striving to identify the conditions under which students learn best. Both the design and outcomes of this research programme are presented and discussed in this article. One of the main findings is that the students experience the skills of memorization and focus as positive transferables. The findings will be discussed in terms of the concept of liturgical literacy.

  • 30.
    Bertell, Maths
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Tor och den nordiska åskan: föreställningar kring världsaxeln2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Blid, Jesper
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Classical Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Den kristna arkitekturens längtan efter komplexitet: Olof Brandt: korset och kapitälet2017In: Signum : katolsk orientering om kyrka, kultur, samhälle, ISSN 0347-0423, no 5, p. 63-65Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32.
    Blommé, Andreas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Islam och folkmaktens gränser.: En undersöknning av Sayyid Qutbs, Mawlana Mawdudis och Ali Shariatis teologiska uppfattningar.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    English abstract

    Title: Islam and the limitations of the public will of choice.

    The purpose of this paper have been to investigate how three modern Islamic theorists view the limitations of the public free will of choice based upon their interpretation of the Islamic theology and doctrine.

    The paper focuses to highlight how all three chosen Islamic theorist interpret the Islamic doctrine based upon my elected theses and more specifically pinpoint were the free will of choice ends, and Islam as a religion starts to take hegemony. The paper’s aim is to further an understanding that in the modern world and as a effect of increased literacy, Islam has been somewhat inclined to split into several Islamisms, based upon the variety of fatwa’s on the Islamic doctrine that is available online. Therefore it remains to the modern day Muslim, to individually decide whether they choose to follow the message of the Holy revelation in the Quran or trust a mufti’s fatwa in their everyday life as a Muslim.

    The material used and analyzed in this paper is prime source material. That has been written by my chosen theorists themselves and this prime source material, form the core of their interpretation of Islamic theology which I have used trying answer my theses.

    The conclusions drawn from this paper is that all three theorists share three concepts of the Islamic doctrine and that is the need for tawhid, idjtihad, theology and the umma to form a ample and righteous life in modern day Islam. During the course of the paper it has become evident that the theorist Qutb and Mawdudi do share the doctrine of Islam as the natural religion of the world and that violence can be justified to bring the believers together under Muslim doctrine and rule, therefore limiting the public will of choice based upon their interpretation of Islamic theology.      

     

  • 33.
    Blumi, Isa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Stockholm University Institute for Turkish Studies (SUITS).
    Europe’s Balkan Muslims: A New History By Nathalie Clayer and Xavier Bougarel, translated by Andrew Kirby2018In: Journal of Islamic Studies, ISSN 0955-2340, E-ISSN 1471-6917, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 289-291Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Bodin, Per-Arne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Slavic Languages.
    Making Martyrs East & West: Canonization in the Catholic and Russian Orthodox Churches. By Cathy Caridi2017In: The Catholic Historical Review, ISSN 0008-8080, E-ISSN 1534-0708, Vol. 103, no 2, p. 323-324Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Bodin, Per-Arne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures.
    Ryska kyrkan mellan krig och revolution2014In: Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift, ISSN 0085-2619, Vol. 1:114, p. 81-92Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Bodin, Per-Arne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Slavic Languages.
    Ryska ortodoxa kyrkan och revolutionen2017In: Östbulletinen, E-ISSN 1654-8698, no 2, p. 34-41Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Bodin, Per-Arne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures.
    The Enthronement of Patriarch Kirill: A Liturgical Event2014In: Orthodox paradoxes: Heterogeneities and complexities in contemporary Russian orthodoxy / [ed] Tolstaya, Katya, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2014, p. 56-70Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Bodin, Per-Arne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Slavic Languages.
    The Russian Orthodox Church, its domains and borders 2015In: Crossings and crosses: Borders, educations, and religions in northern Europe / [ed] Jenny Berglund, Thomas Lundén, Peter Strandbrink, Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2015, p. 15-28Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Brusi, Frédéric
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    "De äro allesammans muhammedaner, men jag gör allt hvad jag kan för att följa deras seder!": Tankar kring ett fotografiskt porträtt av Ivan Aguéli2017In: Aura. Tidskrift för akademiska studier av nyreligiositet, ISSN 2000-4419, Vol. 9, p. 61-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det Egyptiska sekelskiftet var minst lika omvälvande som det Franska, och Aghili lyckas även i Egypten gravitera mot händelsernas centrum. Trots att Aghili befinner sig i Kairo under vad som kommit att kallas den islamiska renässansen, och att han själv kan sägas vara engagerad i en av tidens reformrörelser, gapar forskningen om denna tid i hans liv av stora hål. Religionshistorikern Frédéric Brusi kontextualiserar i sitt bidrag Aghilis religiopolitiska verksamhet i Egypten, men pekar också på en rad oklarheter i Aghilis biografi, oklarheter som öppnar mot nya forskningsfält.

  • 40.
    Brusi, Frédéric
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Om reformationer inom islam2017In: Svensk kyrkotidning, ISSN 0346-2153, no 10, p. 290-294Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    "Islam behöver en reformation" är ett påstående man ofta får höra i debatten. Det påståendet bygger på tre premisser: att islam är en monolit som varit oförändrad genom seklerna: att kristendomens utveckling är normativ för andra religioner; samt att reformation är liktydigt med framsteg och modernitet Frédéric Brusi problematiserar i denna artikel dessa premisser.

  • 41.
    Brusi, Frédéric
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Middle Eastern Studies.
    Sufiland - Everyday life with the living dead in Upper Egypt2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes how everyday muslims with no formal (or weak) affiliation to sufi brotherhoods in Upper Egypt practice and relate to sufism as a grand scheme or larger islamic tradition. The thesis highlights the importance of islamic sainthood in everyday religion, whereby the saintly dead are regarded as acting intermediaries between the divine and the worldly realms. Saints, holy people and blessed places are given agency through divine blessings, thus allowing villagers to partake in a larger islamic tradition through the mediation of– or cult connected to saints. This paper intends to demonstrate that an islamic concept of sanctity in muslim environments does not only exist historically, but is central to the contemporary religious landscape of Upper Egypt. 

  • 42.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Sävborg, Daniel
    The 14th International Saga Conference, Uppsala 20092007In: Historisk tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 127, no 4, p. 838-340Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 43.
    Chiarito, Joanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Religionsundervisningens gränser: Religionslärares attityder till meditationsövningar i den icke-konfessionella skolan2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 44. Christoyannopoulos, Alexandre
    et al.
    Adams, Matthew S.
    Essays in anarchism and religion: Volume 12017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Anarchism and religion have historically had an uneasy relationship. Indeed, representatives of both sides have regularly insisted on the fundamental incompatibility of anarchist and religious ideas and practices. Yet, ever since the emergence of anarchism as an intellectual and political movement, a considerable number of religious anarchists have insisted that their religious tradition necessarily implies an anarchist political stance. Their stories are finally gaining increasing public and scholarly attention.

    Reflecting both a rise of interest in anarchist ideas and activism on the one hand, and the revival of religious ideas and movements in the political sphere on the other, this book examines a range of examples of overlaps and contestations between the two from a diverse range of academic perspectives.

    The first pioneering volume of Essays in Anarchism & Religion comprises eight essays from leading international scholars on topics ranging from the anarchism of the historical Jesus to Zen Buddhism and the philosophies of Max Stirner and Pierre-Joseph Proudhon.

    In a world where political ideas increasingly matter once more, and religion is an increasingly visible aspect of global political life, these essays offer scholarly analysis of overlooked activists, ideas and movements, and as such reveal the possibility of a powerful critique of contemporary global society.

  • 45.
    Crostini, Barbara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of French, Italian and Classical Languages, Classical Languages.
    The Christian Greek Bible in Byzantium2012In: The New Cambridge History of the Bible: Volume 2, From 600 to 1450 / [ed] Richard Marsden, E. Ann Matter, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012, p. 41-55Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Dahlén, Ashk
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, Comparative Religion and Gender Studies. Religionshistoria.
    Female Sufi Saints and Disciples: Women in the life of Jalal al-din Rumi2008In: Orientalia Suecana, Vol. 57Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 47.
    Engelhart, Monica
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities.
    Extending the tracks: A cross-reductionistic approach to Australian Aboriginal male initiation rites1998Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis stresses two points regarding mandatory initiation rites where a young person is introduced into adult rights and obligations: first, that a poly-angular approach is necessary to get a fair picture of rites in general and initiation rites in particular, second, that each culture, into which a young person is initiated, contributes in a very special way to the design of the initiation rite. Therefore, a survey of some modes of interpretations is presented, after a description of Australian Aboriginal culture from early contact periods and a summary of recurrent themes in the Aboriginal male initiation rites. The comparative perspective and the secret character of these rites necessitates the use of secondary sources, books and articles published by missionaries, farmers, government officials and anthropologists. Since the early Aboriginal culture was integrated in a hunting-and-gathering economy, one important theme was the value of îwalk-aboutî and orientation in the landscape. This orientation is built up by landmarks believed to be transformations of mythical personages or left by those beings. Besides psychological, social and religious facets of the initiation, the value of orientation in the natural, the social and the mythical environment is the one which makes the rite an Aboriginal one.

  • 48.
    Evans, Ulrika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Jag är inte religiös men... Attityder till religion, andlighet och ateism och hur media rapporterar om dessa ord.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay intends to examine how three Swedish newspapers report about religion. The research has been undertaken about spirituality, religion and secularism relating to the years 2010 until 2015. The study also has the aim of investigating the Swedish ambivalence, both in the past and currently, to religious questions. The study demonstrates that even if secularity is strong in Sweden, many Swedish people are bound to the Church and embrace a personal faith.

  • 49.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Assuming the Role of the Demon Woman: Sarah Bernhardt, Luisa Casati, Theda Bara, Rebellious Roleplay and Satanic Feminism2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper treats three individuals (Sarah Bernhardt, the Italian marchioness Luisa Casati and silent film actress Theda Bara) during the years 1880–193. Both onstage and offstage they actively assumed the role of the demon woman, an endavour which to a varying extent also incorporated satanic motifs. They chose—or, in one case, were chosen—to embody the (more or less supernatural) femme fatale, constructed by male authors and artists, and seemingly felt this was enjoyable, empowering or useful for commercial purposes. My analysis attempts to tease out some of the implications this enacting of a sinister stereotype had on an individual level as well as in a broader cultural context.

    Bernhardt wore a bat hat and serpent jewelry, at times derided Christianity and even sculpted a self-portrait of herself as Satan or a demon. Casati practiced magic and threw curses, dressed up as Satan in the Garden of Eden, commissioned a mural of herself as Eve consorting with Lucifer, and organized parties with staff in devil costumes. Bara was presented by the Fox publicity department as a real-life demon woman, and in her films played vampiric femme fatales who punished and tormented males. Many of the films had titles where Satan was mentioned, and in one of them she even turned out to literally be the Devil in disguise.

    The choice of demonic imagery for these identity games tells us something about exactly what the taboos and limits these women consciously transgressed and mocked were tied up with: conservative Christian values. Embracing demons, satanic serpent motifs, and the macabre thus functioned as a critique of such values, and was one of the registers of symbolic resistance available for rebellious women to draw on at the time. In Bara’s case, the demonic persona was not devised by herself, but is an example which is of more interest because of the audience response to it and what it says about shifts in use of Satan as a marker of female rebellion. Satanism, or flirting with the satanic, is always a language of resistance to conventions, which may be more or less articulate when it comes to specific cultural criticism. The use of Gothic and Satanic symbolism by fiercly independent women would accordingly have resonated with notions in the wider culture, and, with figures as highly public as these using it, must have created echoes far beyond their intimate sphere. It thus strengthened the ties between such symbolism and female emancipation. Taking all this into account, it is reasonable to see these women as participants in the amorphous fin-de-siècle discourse of satanic feminism.

  • 50.
    Faxneld, Per
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
    Baron Jacques och Markisinnan Luisa: dekadenta satanister på Capri i 1900-talets början2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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