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Publications (6 of 6) Show all publications
Lagerkvist, J. (2023). Organized Loyalty: A New State Ideology for China as a Global Power. Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organized Loyalty: A New State Ideology for China as a Global Power
2023 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This book analyses the ideology that China's leader Xi Jinping has crafted during his decade in power. China’s political system and domestic and foreign policies have, between 2012 and 2022, become more defined by the political thought of Xi Jinping, the most powerful leader of the Chinese Communist Party since the time of Mao Zedong. Today, Xi’s China is embroiled in superpower rivalry with the United States and its allies. Therefore, ongoing ideological transformation in the People’s Republic is destined to have global repercussions. Yet surprisingly, the ideological mission of Xi Jinping is poorly understood. Based on analysis of Xi Jinping’s collected speeches, the book argues that China’s new state ideology is constructed around the three key concepts of loyalty, discipline, and greatness. Xi’s mission is about ideological re-orientation and re-activation, as well as organizational innovation, seeking to frame China’s “national self” as a collective unit under one political banner and one leader. However, despite the monumental Party-state effort to boost the new ideology and state-scripted “moral careers”, the book contends that Xi Jinping cannot take for granted that political and patriotic loyalty will forever trump the formation of “disloyal moral careers” in society. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2023. p. 114
Series
Politics and Development of Contemporary China (PDCC), ISSN 2946-2355, E-ISSN 2946-2363
Keywords
China, Government, Campaign, Political Party, Communism, Corruption, Asia, Populism, Economy
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-224493 (URN)10.1007/978-3-031-40037-7 (DOI)978-3-031-40036-0 (ISBN)978-3-031-40037-7 (ISBN)
Funder
Stockholm University
Available from: 2023-12-14 Created: 2023-12-14 Last updated: 2024-03-25Bibliographically approved
Lagerkvist, J. (2023). The China Nudge: Naivety, Neutrality and Non-alignment in Sweden. In: Simona Grano; David Wei Feng Huang (Ed.), China-US Competition: Impact on Small and Middle Powers' Strategic Choices (pp. 113-131). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The China Nudge: Naivety, Neutrality and Non-alignment in Sweden
2023 (English)In: China-US Competition: Impact on Small and Middle Powers' Strategic Choices / [ed] Simona Grano; David Wei Feng Huang, Palgrave Macmillan, 2023, p. 113-131Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter explains how the major authoritarian powers China and Russia have propelled Sweden to alter its more than two hundred years long policy of neutrality and non-alignment. The focus is predominantly on China and its “wolf-warrior diplomacy” in Sweden, the Swedish debate on political naivety in general and regarding China in particular. It is argued that five years of deteriorating Sino-Swedish relations nudged Sweden further toward seeking stronger ties with the European Union on China policy. Drivers of these rapid and major changes to both policy and identity were the abduction of publisher Gui Minhai by Chinese state agents in Thailand in 2015 and the ensuing diplomatic conflict with China. The Swedish public, political parties, and especially key actors in the civil service increasingly perceived China as a threat to values and security. This sequence of events led to their construction of a coalition of consensus on a new China policy. Thus, authoritarian China, together with its increasingly belligerent partner Russia, became an important contributing factor that nudged “naïve” Sweden even further away from neutrality and onto the trajectory of military non-alignment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2023
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-224492 (URN)10.1007/978-3-031-15389-1_5 (DOI)2-s2.0-85161231467 (Scopus ID)9783031153891 (ISBN)
Projects
Nej
Funder
Stockholm University
Available from: 2023-12-14 Created: 2023-12-14 Last updated: 2023-12-14Bibliographically approved
Lagerkvist, J. (2022). Gravitational Pull of Authoritarian China in South Asia?. In: Sten Widmalm (Ed.), Routledge Handbook of Autocratization in South Asia: (pp. 346-356). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gravitational Pull of Authoritarian China in South Asia?
2022 (English)In: Routledge Handbook of Autocratization in South Asia / [ed] Sten Widmalm, Routledge, 2022, p. 346-356Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Against the backdrop of an emerging cold war between the United States and China, this chapter analyses the role of China in processes of autocratization in South Asia. It is argued that despite the transformation to a more assertive foreign policy under president Xi Jinping, China has not actively been promoting autocratization abroad. Nevertheless, with Xi’s vision of a “community of common destiny” for mankind, China is acting more as a leader and role model for countries in the Global South. Even in the absence of “push factors” for autocratization, it is feasible that China’s developmental model may resonate with other countries’ elites and officials. As a “pull factor” China could thus contribute to domestic processes of autocratization in South Asian countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2022
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-224502 (URN)10.4324/9781003042211-35 (DOI)9781003042211 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-12-14 Created: 2023-12-14 Last updated: 2023-12-15Bibliographically approved
Lagerkvist, J. (2017). Moral discourse and China's evolving enterprise society. In: Eva Hansson; Meredith L Weiss (Ed.), Political Participation in Asia: Defining and Deploying Political Space (pp. 59-76). Abingdon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Moral discourse and China's evolving enterprise society
2017 (English)In: Political Participation in Asia: Defining and Deploying Political Space / [ed] Eva Hansson; Meredith L Weiss, Abingdon: Routledge, 2017, p. 59-76Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The moral discourse on security, welfare and individual enterprise and socio-economic responsibility in China resembles the post-war ideological discourse of West Germany: the programme of ordoliberalism. This chapter explores the affinities between these two discourses, as their ideas and policies powerfully affect the norms and affordances of political space. The articulation of responsibilities that constrain cadre units, citizens, economic organizations and bureaucratic entities in China's evolving enterprise society, as they interact in political space, are analyzed. The chapter presents an analysis of the politico-economic agenda of marketization since 1978 and de facto neoliberalization of Chinese society after 1989. Market reforms entail substantial risk of further social dislocation, which explains the trend towards guaranteeing securitization if the moral discourses of self-employed 'market cells' and Confucian harmony fail to persuade elites and the grassroots. What made the pitiless new societal and economic competition worse was the perceived danger of bringing criticism to bear on deepening market reform.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2017
Series
Routledge Contemporary Asia Series ; 62
National Category
Globalisation Studies
Research subject
statskunskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-150093 (URN)10.4324/9781315112589-4 (DOI)9781138082298 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-12-12 Created: 2017-12-12 Last updated: 2023-04-18Bibliographically approved
Lagerkvist, J. (2015). The ordoliberal turn? Getting China and global economic governance right. Global Affairs
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The ordoliberal turn? Getting China and global economic governance right
2015 (English)In: Global Affairs, ISSN 2334-0460, E-ISSN 2334-0479Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In recent commentary on global economic governance seeking to explain the outcome of the huge recession of 2008, arguments abound about the remarkable staying power of American hegemony and the formidable resilience of the liberal international order. This somewhat myopic argument seriously neglects Sino-western collaboration – within the framework of what I contend is an ordoliberal turn. Two questions were posed. First, why was the US-led order and the global neoliberal project not pushed back during the worldwide financial crisis of 2008? Second, why does contemporary global capitalism continue to be infused by neoliberal thinking, despite the 2008 crisis? It is argued that China must be conceptualized as neoliberal, albeit in a state-capitalist form, otherwise the surprising robustness of the global neoliberal project is exaggeratedly credited to the United States. Moreover, China's evolving ordoliberal political economy is a crucial part of mutual interdependence and global economic governance supporting the project of neoliberal practices after 2008. Finally, it is argued that the workings of Chinese ordoliberalism could propel within-order change of the values and ethos of the American-led world order.

Keywords
Political economy, global governance, China
National Category
Globalisation Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-125053 (URN)10.1080/23340460.2015.1077610 (DOI)
Projects
DIVIDED DEVELOPMENT - Western and Chinese Development Redux: Clash or Convergence
Funder
Swedish Research Council, SWE-2012-080
Available from: 2016-01-07 Created: 2016-01-07 Last updated: 2022-02-23Bibliographically approved
Lagerkvist, J. (2015). The unknown terrain of social protests in China: ‘Exit', ‘Voice', ‘Loyalty', and ‘Shadow’. Journal of Civil Society, 11(2), 137-153
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The unknown terrain of social protests in China: ‘Exit', ‘Voice', ‘Loyalty', and ‘Shadow’
2015 (English)In: Journal of Civil Society, ISSN 1744-8689, E-ISSN 1744-8697, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 137-153Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

As many as 180,000 social protests may take place in China every year. How should we conceptualize and explain the widespread phenomenon of social protests that take place in a situation where civil society is generally described as contained? An investigation of the Wukan incident, a specific protest that caught worldwide attention in 2011, shed new light on this paradox. The findings theorized in line with Albert Hirschman's concepts of ‘voice', ‘exit', and ‘loyalty’ point to the existence of a fourth strategy and condition, ‘shadow', introduced to better understand the actually existing non-registered groups that operate in the unofficial civic domain.

Keywords
Civil society, China
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-125052 (URN)10.1080/17448689.2015.1052229 (DOI)
Projects
Challenging state power in China: The formation of new citizen norms in emerging civil society
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2010-2294
Available from: 2016-01-07 Created: 2016-01-07 Last updated: 2022-02-23Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-0542-8693

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