Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Fertility decline in sub-Saharan Africa: Does remarriage matter?
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research;University of Malawi.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3398-6024
Number of Authors: 22022 (English)In: Population Studies, ISSN 0032-4728, E-ISSN 1477-4747, Vol. 76, no 2, p. 213-233Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The interplay between remarriage and fertility is among the most poorly documented subjects in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), despite remarriage being one of the fundamental aspects of marriage dynamics in this region. We use Demographic and Health Survey data from 34 countries in SSA to document the association between remarriage and fertility during the reproductive years and over the fertility transition. The findings show that in 29 countries, remarried women end up having fewer children than women in intact unions, despite attaining similar or higher levels of fertility at early reproductive ages. However, remarriage is found to have a positive effect on fertility in Sierra Leone. The effects of remarriage on fertility diminish as fertility declines, with smaller effects generally observed in countries that are relatively advanced in their fertility transition and larger effects found elsewhere. These findings shed light on the role that remarriage might play in country-level fertility declines.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. Vol. 76, no 2, p. 213-233
Keywords [en]
union dissolution, remarriage, marriage dynamics, childbearing, cohort fertility, fertility differentials, fertility transition, sub-Saharan Africa
National Category
Social Anthropology Economic History
Research subject
Demography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-226348DOI: 10.1080/00324728.2021.1933148ISI: 000661720800001PubMedID: 34129806Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85107827940OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-226348DiVA, id: diva2:1835738
Available from: 2024-02-07 Created: 2024-02-07 Last updated: 2024-03-15Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Union-Fertility Nexus and Fertility Variation in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Role of Marital Dissolution and Repartnering
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Union-Fertility Nexus and Fertility Variation in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Role of Marital Dissolution and Repartnering
2024 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The role of marital dissolution and repartnering in shaping fertility patterns in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has been largely overlooked, even though marital dissolution and repartnering are fundamental features of marriage dynamics in this region. This dissertation addresses this gap by using existing statistical and demographic techniques and developing new demographic methods to (i) examine the relationship between union dissolution and fertility at the micro level (Study I); (ii) assess the dynamics of union dissolution, including the levels of all-cause first union dissolution, the timing of first union dissolution, and the reproductive years spent outside of marriage due to union dissolution (Studies II & III); and (iii) analyze the influence of marital dissolution and repartnering on macro fertility patterns in SSA (Study IV). The analyses are mainly based on Demographic Health Survey data collected in 34 SSA countries since 1986. The findings show that marital dissolution is associated with reduced fertility at both the individual and the population level, and remarriage does not fully compensate for lost fertility at the individual level. The assessment of the dynamics of union dissolution indicates that union dissolution is common, it typically occurs at relatively early reproductive ages, and the number of reproductive years lost due to union dissolution is minimal. Furthermore, this dissertation documents that cross-country differences in union dissolution and repartnering rates account for 9.4% of cross-country fertility differences in SSA. In addition, the results show that changes in marital dissolution and repartnering rates and the fertility behaviour of women who experience these events mostly contributed to the slow pace of fertility decline in this region. For the SSA region (as a whole), fertility would have declined 1.24 times faster in the absence of such changes. These findings demonstrate that marital dissolution and repartnering are important drivers of fertility variation in SSA, and thus highlight the value of integrating these dynamics into the discourse on the union-fertility nexus and fertility variation in SSA and beyond.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Sociology, Stockholm University, 2024. p. 43
Series
Dissertation series / Stockholm University Demography Unit, ISSN 1404-2304 ; 26
Keywords
fertility, fertility transition, marriage, marriage formation, marital dissolution, repartnering, Sub-Saharan Africa, demographic methods
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociological Demography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-226359 (URN)978-91-8014-669-2 (ISBN)978-91-8014-670-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2024-04-08, Hörsal 3, hus B, Södra huset, Universitetsvägen 10 and online via Zoom: https://stockholmuniversity.zoom.us/j/69268838495, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2024-03-14 Created: 2024-02-07 Last updated: 2024-03-04Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMedScopus

Authority records

John, Ben Malinga

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
John, Ben Malinga
By organisation
Department of Sociology
In the same journal
Population Studies
Social AnthropologyEconomic History

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 26 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf