CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Upplysningens ljus i Norrland: Om fyra aktörer vid Härnösands gymnasium under 1700-talet
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.ORCID iD: 0009-0003-4708-6438
2024 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate the occurrence of Enlightenment ideas in the central Northern part of Sweden during the 18th century, focussing on a carefully chosen set of characters: one bishop and three senior lecturers at the gymnasium of Härnösand, in the province of Ångermanland. This dissertation uses a perspective of circulation of knowledge, inspired by the research field of history of knowledge. 

The methodological approach in this study is to use a complex thematic definition with eight different components of Enlightenment in the analysis of relevant texts and writings by selected characters, supplemented with a contextual perspective.

A center for the ecclesiastical culture of learning in Norrland was Härnösand, and the gymnasium was Norrland´s only higher education institution, north of Gävle, for 200 years between 1650 and 1850. During the 18th century, three senior lecturers were employed there, each working for the dissemination of Enlightenment ideas, through both writing and practical action: Magnus Stridsberg (1696–1772), Nils Gissler (1715–1771) and Pehr Hellzén (1744–1811). At the same time as these, the diocese was governed by Bishop Olof Kiörning (1704–1778), who was also the Supervisor of the gymnasium. He was influenced by Enlightenment ideas and showed a strong interest in advanced agriculture and contributed to the church taking greater part in the social and economic development. The first lecturer, Magnus Stridsberg, created new methods in agriculture concerning soil mixing, manure production and grain nurseries, but has mainly been remembered for his threshing machine which came into general use in central Norrland during the second half of the 18th century. The next lecturer, Nils Gissler, was Norrland´s first provincial physician and introduced a scientific approach to practical medicine in the region. With the dissemination of knowledge and a great deal of personal commitment, he showed interest in mental illness and treated his patients in his own home. He laid the foundation for an infrastructure for public health care in the province. He was a member of the Swedish Academy of Sciences and wrote many scientific papers, and in modern times has received international scientific recognition for the discovery of the inverted barometer effect. The third lecturer, Pehr Hellzén, was a pre-industrial contractor in the sawmill and shipbuilding industry in central Norrland and founded the shipyard and shipping company Wifstavarf in 1798. Hellzén gave an important inaugural speech when the new gymnasium was built: Om uplysningens verkan på människors och samhällens sällhet (On the effect of Enlightenment on the happiness of people and societies), printed in Swedish 1794. He gave Härnösand a special role within the Enlightenment, described as a driving force behind the development of science, education and economic in the region.

The Enlightenment that developed in Härnösand can be summarized as a Christian ‘utilism’ with clear Enlightenment traits such as reason, experience-based science, the dissemination of knowledge, humanity, social reforms, religious tolerance & religion of reason, and utility & virtue. It rested on an evangelical Lutheran foundation, it regarded the meaning of ‘utilism’ in a broader sense than just financial gain, and included central Enlightenment ideas. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Institutionen för kultur och estetik, Stockholms universitet , 2024. , p. 327
Keywords [en]
Enlightenment, Utilism, Religion, Sweden, Norrland, Härnösand, Gymnasium, 18th century, Magnus Stridsberg, Nils Gissler, Pehr Hellzén, Olof Kiörning
National Category
History of Ideas
Research subject
History of Ideas
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-226806ISBN: 978-91-8014-681-4 (print)ISBN: 978-91-8014-682-1 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-226806DiVA, id: diva2:1839448
Public defence
2024-04-26, Auditoriet, Manne Siegbahnhusen, Frescativägen 24E, Stockholm, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2024-04-03 Created: 2024-02-20 Last updated: 2024-03-21Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Upplysningens ljus i Norrland(2990 kB)273 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 2990 kBChecksum SHA-512
3517deaa834bd7eea3697c017e7ae379207a70ae9cb3020e0a44a950476ab9317aaf7c2044cf3b2e9fdfdea3df7082914673e8cc1415d20a67150abd8c239f3c
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Authority records

Barrdunge, Mats

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Barrdunge, Mats
By organisation
Department of Culture and Aesthetics
History of Ideas

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 273 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 1358 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf