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Identity and marriage: A bidirectional approach based on evidence from Finland
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9607-0366
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Psychological factors such as personality traits or skills have increasingly been studied with regards to family formation processes such as marital behavior in previous demographic research. Identity has received less attention as a predictor of important partnership outcomes although identity formation belongs to the crucial developmental processes in adolescence. We aim to address this gap by examining the bidirectional association between identity and marriage using longitudinal survey data from Finland. We apply event-history analyses in order to study the prospective power of both identity dimensions (variable-centered approach) and identity clusters (person-oriented approach) on marriage risks. Furthermore, we conduct fixed effects linear regression models for examining identity development over time based on marital status. Preliminary findings from the regression models suggest that identity uncertainty is negatively, and identity certainty is positively associated with marriage risks over time. Results based on cluster analyses support these findings, i.e. committers are more likely to get married than explorers. Mixed findings with regards to identity development have emerged. Whereas identity certainty remains stable over time among married individuals, it decreases among singles. Identity uncertainty, however, has not shown different developments over time according to marital status.

National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-227447OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-227447DiVA, id: diva2:1844179
Available from: 2024-03-13 Created: 2024-03-13 Last updated: 2024-03-13
In thesis
1. Who starts a family?: The prospective association between psychological factors and family formation processes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Who starts a family?: The prospective association between psychological factors and family formation processes
2024 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The role of psychological factors for family formation processes has been underexplored in demographic research. However, psychological concepts such as personality, identity, or skills may have become increasingly relevant for family formation processes such as marital behavior, childbearing, or partnership dissolution, in particular in countries with high levels of individualism. This dissertation aims to address this research gap in various ways. First, the dissertation chapters examine the prospective associations between personality and family formation (marriage, fertility, dissolution) (chapters 1 and 2), identity and marriage (chapter 3), and leadership skills and family formation (marriage, fertility) (chapter 4). Second, the potential mediating role of socio-economic status indicators (income, education) for these relationships is explored (chapters 2, 3 and 4). Third, full siblings are compared to each other when applicable in order to control for shared background factors such as genetics or parental background (chapters 2 and 4). For these purposes, different data sources are used including large and representative survey data from Germany (chapter 1), Swedish register data (chapters 2 and 4), and survey data from Finland (chapter 3). Methodologically, a mix of widely used analytical methods have been applied such as event-history analyses, linear probability models, or Poisson regression models including individual and sibling fixed effects. The findings of this thesis suggest that psychological factors shape family formation processes across the selected European countries (Germany, Sweden, Finland) with high levels of individualism. Personality factors linked to social abilities (extraversion, social maturity, agreeableness) generally show positive associations with childbearing (chapters 1 and 2) and the probability to get married, and negative correlations with dissolution processes (chapter 2). Emotional stability is also positively associated with family formation processes (marriage, fertility), and negatively linked with partnership dissolution (chapter 2). However, these associations only relate to patterns for males whereas females do either not show clear associations (chapter 1), or had to be neglected based on data restrictions (chapter 2). Furthermore, certainty and commitment with future life plans (as indicator for identity) are positively linked with marriage risks over time (chapter 3). Regarding leadership skills (LS), as one specific type of skills, similar associations to personality effects from study 1 and 2 have been found, i.e. LS are positively correlated with marriage and fertility (chapter 4). The mediating effects of income and education, are relatively small for all associations so that future research may examine the role of other potential mechanisms such as intentions, attitudes, or health. Additionally, sibling fixed effects approaches do not show large difference compared to the patterns that are described above.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Sociology, Stockholm University, 2024
Series
Dissertation series / Stockholm University Demography Unit, ISSN 1404-2304 ; 27
Keywords
Psychological factors, family formation, personality, identity, leadership skills, marital behavior, fertility, partnership dissolution
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociological Demography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-227448 (URN)978-91-8014-717-0 (ISBN)978-91-8014-718-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2024-05-08, Hörsal 4, hus B, Södra huset, Universitetsvägen 10 and online via Zoom: https://stockholmuniversity.zoom.us/j/62742453631, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2024-04-15 Created: 2024-03-13 Last updated: 2024-04-05Bibliographically approved

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