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  • 1.
    Ahlberg, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    On the Quest for Alternative Ways of Becoming: Multifaceted Means of Maturation in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Living in an era where success is embraced as a life style, raises concerns that the alternatives to become, to grow and mature have been limited to a single variety – one where only triumph matters. This is a view that is spread through contemporary popular culture, whether it be in social media, video games, tv-series, films or books. One of its origins can be found in Christopher Vogler’s dramaturgical template The Hero’s Journey. A common motif used in The Hero’s Journey is the Quest-motif; a knight on an adventure seeking the holy Grail; or Indiana Jones on search for the Arch. One of the foremost examples of the Quest-motif in English literature is the medieval poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, but the hero in this tale does not come of age through success, but rather through shame and failure.

    By comparing the original 1400-century alliterative poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, with the 2021 film adaption The Green Knight, and relating them to the Hero’s Journey, the aim of this essay is to show that the ways to become are altered in the adaptation and to argue that the film is moulded to fit with the Hero’s Journey. This essay proposes that contemporary story telling lacks alternative ways to become, since modern narrative structures are focused on Coming of Age through success in accordance with the Hero’s Journey. If storytellers can create a greater awareness of the discourse of success and how they themselves are subjects of malleability of this discourse, maybe the contemporary audiences will experience narratives that provide a variety of ways to become, creating a world shaped by diversity and inclusion.

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  • 2.
    Aho, Emma
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Teaching the Swedish Common Principles as Virtue Ethics: The Unjust Narrator, Gender Inequality and the Arena of Societal Transformation in Welcome to Our Hillbrow2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to Skolverket, the Swedish school has two missions: conveying knowledge and teaching values. These values are taught through the common principles (värdegrund) and instruct students about democratic values and human rights. However, Skolverket also reports that students lack such knowledge. Therefore, this essay aims to create a module with the main purpose of formulating and teaching the common principles, by using Phaswane Mpe's Welcome to Our Hillbrow, a text with the ability of presenting ethical issues whilst also making the reader respond to them. To achieve this, the values of the common principles will be extracted with the help of virtue ethics, which creates a conjunction with the book, where three topics are selected: sexism, gender identity and societal transformation. Virtue ethics, representing the common principles, together with Adichie’s definition of African feminism inform the analysis of sexism and gender inequality in the book and show how they are prevalent and extensive. Societal transformation is conceptualised and investigated through the use of narratology. Sexism and gender inequality are located in the horizontal plane of an arena, where the vertical expansion of narrative levels creates the urge for societal transformation. Such an expansion is made possible by an implied author, which provides the effect needed for reader inclusion. As such, Welcome to Our Hillbrow is described to entail an ethical challenge, that forces a responsible reader to emerge. Issues of sexism and gender inequality are then used together with the arena of societal transformation to construct a module in English 7, where students may themselves become reasonable readers through a process of critical self-reflection, a vital part of virtue ethics. This is done by employing Socratic and deliberative dialogue and an affective-humanistic approach, which together promote democratic values and human rights.

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    Teaching the Swedish Common Principles_Emma Aho_MAG
  • 3.
    Ahonen Milkovic, Victor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    The Purpose of a Hero: Forms of heroes in Joe Abercrombie’s 'The Heroes'2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 4.
    Ahrfeldt, Cecilia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Space and Infelicitous Place in the Poetry of Sylvia Plath2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sylvia Plath’s poetry has received considerable critical attention with respect to a wide range of themes and critical approaches. Variously labeled feminist, political, mythical and suicidal, Plath has been subject to enormous biographical scrutiny but the critical responses available today offer increasingly nuanced understandings of Plath’s work.  However, sufficient attention has not been given to the significant prevalence of images of places and spaces in Plath’s poetry. With particular focus on a selection of poems from The Collected Poems, this thesis argues that the personae in the poems confront “infelicitous places” and that the poems resonate with a tension between place (here referring to a space that is delimited by certain values) and space (in the sense of an expansion without the restrictions of place). What I here refer to as infelicitous place can be understood as an inversion of Gaston Bachelard’s conception of “felicitous space” and accounts for the way in which places in Plath’s poetry are marred with anxiety and ambivalence as opposed to Bachelard’s benevolent, protective spaces. The places and spaces in the poems are dealt with in relation to the notion of infelicitous place, as well as the significance of walls and the affinity between place and poetics.

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  • 5.
    Aili, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Gladiatorernas uttågsmarsch: Frank Heller och Italien under andra världskriget2016In: Frank Heller och Italien / [ed] Dag Hedman, Lund: pelotard press , 2016, p. 79-136Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Gunnar Martin Serner (1886-1947) skrev under pseudonymen Frank Heller romaner och noveller inom genren underhållningslitteratur, samt reseskildringar, men var även Vecko-Journalens korrespondent i Italien åren 1939-1943. Reportageserien gav upphov till reseberättelsen Gladiatorernas uttågsmarsch (Stockholm 1943). 

  • 6.
    Al Saadi, Tania
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies.
    al-Mazini, Ibrahim2020In: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE: Online / [ed] Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2020Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Al Saadi, Tania
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies.
    al-Miṣrī, Ibrāhīm2022In: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE / [ed] Kate Fleet; Gudrun Krämer; Denis Matringe; John Nawas; Everett Rowson, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2022Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ibrāhīm al-Miṣrī (1900–79) was an Egyptian short-story writer, essayist, journalist, and dramaturge. His family, of Levantine origin, emigrated to Egypt before his birth. Al-Miṣrī was born in Cairo and grew up in modest circumstances. Obliged to abandon his studies and start working at an early age, he was a self-taught person who acquired wide knowledge from long hours of reading in libraries. He earned his living as a journalist until his death.

  • 8.
    Al Saadi, Tania
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Oriental Languages.
    Des despotes et des opprimés dans les romans de Ğamāl al-Ġītānī2014In: Arabica, ISSN 0570-5398, E-ISSN 1570-0585, Vol. 61, no 6, p. 664-696Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on the three following novels by Ǧamāl al-Ġīṭānī: al-Zaynī Barakāt (1971), Waqāʾiʿ ḥārat al-Zaʿfarānī (1976) and Ḥikāyat al-muʾassasa (1997). It aims to discuss the author’s handling of despotism and the popular revolt against it. The eventsin the three novels occur in different contexts: political, religious and economical. The first part of the article is a discussion of the formal aspects of the novels, namely theirstructure, their techniques of enunciation and other devices which show how the various themes of the novels are presented. The second part is an analysis of the portrayals of the despots and how they act, the basis on which the relation between the oppressor and the oppressed persons is built and the methods used by the despot to control the population. The third and last part is a study of the representation of the oppressed persons, their revolt against the power and the results which that revolt achieves.Finally, the conclusion of the article sheds light on the place of al-Ġīṭānī on the scene of Egyptian novel, and on the historical context in which his vision of despotism could be placed.

  • 9.
    Al Saadi, Tania
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Middle Eastern Studies.
    Farlig färd mot Bagdad: Dhia Jubailis roman Den tudelade2019In: Karavan, ISSN 1404-3874, no 4, p. 36-37Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 10.
    Al Saadi, Tania
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies.
    Le déchirement identitaire entre ǧidd et hazl dans al-Mašṭūr (2017) de Ḍiyāʾ Ğbaylī2020In: Litterature et culture arabes contemporaines, ISSN 2270-7220, no 8, p. 31-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    Dans ce roman qui propose une nouvelle approche de la violence sectaire en Irak, l’humour intervient en permanence pour contrebalancer le pessimisme de la réalité. Après une présentation des traces de la littérature classique dans le roman, l’analyse se focalise sur les thèmes et les procédés rhétoriques qui provoquent le rire. Elle montre que l’humour et son fonctionnement dans le récit sont employés dans une logique comparable à celle de ǧidd et hazl dans les ouvrages classiques d’adab.

  • 11.
    Al Saadi, Tania
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Oriental Languages.
    Three Arabic Novels Starting with a Crime2012In: Edebiyât A journal of Middle Eastern literatures, ISSN 1475-262X, E-ISSN 1475-2638, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study treats three Arabic novels which belong to different periods and use different narrative techniques. Yet they all start with the same theme: the discovery of a murder. Despite this apparent similarity in their beginnings, the murder plot develops in a different way in the three cases. Each beginning contains elements that announce the development of the story. The three beginnings serve the special purposes of their respective novels, in the way the murder is presented to the reader, in the elements each beginning tries to draw attention to, in the language used in this purpose, in the identity of the character who discovers the murder and even in the type of the murder itself. The three novels have, beside the murder plot, various thematic and ideological objectives which influence the way the novel starts and even overshadow, in some cases, the murder plot. 

  • 12.
    Alexander, Ezra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Transmedial Migration: Properties of Fictional Characters Adapted into Actual Behavior2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research in the field of fictional and possible worlds examines the real and its hypothetical counterparts. The interaction between the actual and the fictional is a cause of debate within this field, and includes questions concerning the ontological status of fictional characters and their relation to reality. The following discussion will engage current positions in this debate. These include questions of reference regarding the correlation between fictional characters and actual personalities. Studying the transmedial migration of character properties from fictional worlds into the actual world engages with the possible as dependent on the actual, as well as the influence fiction can have on reality, by demonstrating how individual characters are perceived as packages of properties, some of which we identify and recognize as adaptable to our own behavior. Transmedial migration requires compatibility between different media. Accordingly, it is explained through the direct correspondence of fictional properties to actual properties, and the indirect correspondence of fictional characters to actual people. I am claiming that an interaction can be observed between different media, such as fictional worlds and the actual world, with particular emphasis on the example of fictional characters and their properties. In order to comprehend this we need a robust framework and the model that I am proposing here comprises the essential elements for such a framework. The transmedial migration of character properties from a textual medium, such as a Sherlock Holmes story, into the physical, social medium of the actual world is the action of adapting a fictional character’s package of properties into an actual person’s behavior. The agency of actual people in adapting fictional character properties to their corporal, social actions is what constitutes transmedial migration. This is a specific example of behavioral learning that recognizes certain behavior by the means of a label or trademark that is acquired from a fictional character. It is conceivable that any number of behavioral attributes, such as attitudes or habits, could be scientifically proven to have transmedially migrated by means of experimentation. Nevertheless, culturally and socially, it is only the definite identification of such character properties that substantiates my argument of transmedial migration through adaptation.

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  • 13.
    Almström Persson, Gunilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Scandinavian Languages.
    Polisförhöret i moderna svenska polisromaner: En studie om förhöret som verksamhetstyp i verklighet och fiktion2013In: Acta Sueco-Polonica, ISSN 1104-3431, no 19, p. 31-50Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Alshamani, Afrem
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    “I should think what politics he has are just a little bit left of center”:An analysis of James Bond’s personal ideology2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ian Fleming’s debut novel Casino Royale (2015) introduces the iconic character James Bond. The savvy British spy who must save the world from Soviet villain is a cultural icon the world over. Yet not much is known of his personal political leanings. Fleming once claimed that James Bond’s politics lies just left of center. In this essay I analyze where James Bond lies on the left-right political scale by using Cichoka & Dhont’s (2018) “Big-five personality model”.Research has been made about the contextual, historical and political settings of the Bond novels such as Jeremy Black’s (2001) “The politics of James Bond: from Fleming's novels to the big screen” which serves as a complement to this research. Black’s (2001)claims suggest that Britain struggled for dominance after The Second World War as they were financially in ruin and although Britain lost some of its colonies, they still had many territories under their control. However, with the rising power of the Soviet Union, the nationalistic feeling in Britain grew as their reputation as a powerful empire needed to be upheld. Therefore, a need for a strong British symbol grew, which also acted as a reason for why Fleming created James Bond.The essay concludes that James Bond represents a specific part of Great Britain. The analysis has shown James Bond is a product of his time by symbolizing the longing for the return of the great British empire. This is supported by the fact of him scoring low on categories such as Agreeableness and Openness combined with the fact that he harbors anti-Communist beliefs. The analysis show that he acts in a manner that would highlight the colonial days of Britain where their strength had not yet diminished as opposed to the times after the Second World War. As such, the actions of James Bond, together with his explicit views suggest that he lies slightly more towards the right on the political scale and thus, disputesthe claim of Ian Fleming. 

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  • 15.
    Andersson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Slavic Languages.
    Något betydelsefullt: Leonid Dobyčins möten bortom orden i den sovjetiska samtiden2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies the 1931 short story collection Portret [The Portrait] by the Russian author Leonid Ivanovich Dobychin (1894–1936?). My main argument is that the principal theme in Dobychin’s writings arises out of the complexities of human encounters. 

    My approach is based on affirmative interpretations that I call “encountering” readings. They draw on critical practices developed by Boris Gasparov, who argues in his 2013 study of Pasternak Boris Pasternak: Po tu storonu poėtiki (Filosofiia. Muzyka. Byt) that the key to Pasternak’s work lies not in the dominant feature of their linguistic texture, but in the momentary states of everyday life that the author captures, and Henri Meschonnic’s Critique du rythme: Anthropologie historique du langage (1982). Meschonnic focuses on rhythm as an intrinsic aspect of the text that requires the reader to participate actively in appreciating the text as a work of art by following the interplay between rhythm, the active subject and what is expressed. Both scholars reflect a turn away from the linguistically informed theoretical approaches that dominated the academic study of literature in the twentieth century. 

    Similarly, I approach Dobychin’s characters on the level of their personal conflicts and everyday lives by simulating an interpersonal encounter in an anti-theoretical search for meaning that is congenial to both the central theme of the stories and the way in which they reveal human encounters “beyond words,” as it were, both within the works and with the reader, through suggestive associations and not yet categorized, “precategorial” experiences in everyday life. 

    The “unoutspokenness” (nedogovorënnost’)—i.e. reticence, a deliberate avoidance of explicitness that Dobychin’s contemporary critics ascribed to his writings and often disparaged as “incomprehensibility”—serves as a starting point for a critical discussion of both earlier research on Dobychin and theoretical approaches to literature more generally. In searching for a dominant formal feature, a ‘key’ or ‘code’, in Dobychin’s writings, earlier scholars have tended to describe it in terms of an anti-aesthetic. The alleged lack of plot, inner coherence and meaning is explained as deliberate, intended to performatively mirror the absurdness and inadequacies, the disorientation and loss of meaning in Soviet reality itself. In this thesis, I argue instead that there is no such lack or incoherence in Dobychin’s works. The “nedogovorënnost’” of his short stories is instead understood as an exact and purposeful way of conveying meaning through what is experienced and shared beyond words in a time that was overburdened with idealistic ideological discourses. At the heart of Dobychin’s stories are moments of fragile human interaction that underlie trivial dialogues and actions in banal everyday existence. The stories let the reader experience the sudden and unexpected human connections that the characters encounter in their everyday impressions. The contrasts and plurality of human perspectives thus perceived evoke a potential interaction beyond societal roles. These brief encounters are presented as something precarious in a Soviet society striving towards a single true ideology. Such a reading suggests that Dobychin is not so much a deliberately enigmatic author as a writer who aspires to express in words that which is profoundly wordless: the encounters between people outside of the ideological categories and discourses of their language.

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    Något betydelsefullt
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    Omslagsframsida
  • 16.
    Andersson, Malin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Challenging the Gothic Heroine in Vernon Lee's "Amour Dure" and "Dionea"2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 17.
    Andersson, Roger
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
    A Modern Edition of the Old Swedish Text of the Revelations2013In: The Birgittine experience: papers from the Birgitta Conference in Stockholm 2011 / [ed] Claes Gejrot, Mia Åkestam, Roger Andersson., Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, 2013, p. 332-350Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Andreas, Öhlund
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Manufacturing Certainty: An Analysis of the Discontents of Patrick Bateman in Brett Easton Ellis's American Psycho2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The lack of plot and of explanations for the actions of American Psycho’s main character have engaged quite a lot of scholars in the task of theorizing and explaining the novel and its main character. This essay argues that American Psycho is an illustration of a world where freedom and constant change have caused a state of uncertainty for the individual. Furthermore, I argue that as a result of living in this world, Patrick Bateman, the protagonist, attempts to find certainty and solid points of references through the engagement of repetitive behavior. Many critics argue that Bateman is trapped within a world of hyperrealism, an analysis based on the theories of Jean Baudrillard. This essay makes use of the sociologist Zygmunt Bauman’s theories about the post-modern society in order to analyze Bateman’s discontents as symptoms of freedom, rather than symptoms of feeling confined.

  • 19.
    Angenberg Norin, Therese
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Korean Studies.
    Media Conversion From Webtoon To Television: A Case Study Of: I Sneak A Look At His Room Every Day and Flower Boy Next Door2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Although webtoons have become one of the largest consumed media in South Korea, and many webtoons have been adapted to both film and television, there has been a lack of research on webtoon to television adaptations. This thesis will investigate the specific characteristics of the webtoon that make it suitable for television adaptation using the webtoon I Sneak A Look At His Room Everyday by Yu Hyŏn Suk and the television series Flower Boy Next Door directed by Chŏng Chŏng Hwa.By using narrative structure and character analysis the two works will be compared and contrasted to discover the similarities and differences that enable a smooth media conversion.The second part of the thesis looks into what a webtoon is and how it has evolved during the years. To explore the characteristics for media conversion the webtoon and the television series were analysed both separately and compared to find the commonalities and the differences.The results indicate that using similar storytelling methods such as story-arcs play a large role in the success of webtoon to television adaptation. Both media needs to keep their viewers on their toes to make them want to read/watch further.

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    Media Conversion From Webtoon to Television
  • 20.
    Aronsson, Robin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Making the Muggle: A Study of Processes of Othering in J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter and how Teachers Can Use the Novels to Work with Issues of Ableism2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The magical fictional setting of the Harry Potter novels is not one separated from our own. It features the same nations and the same history as the real world. Its society is parallel to ours due to similar traditions and hierarchies, such as heteronormativity, ageism, racism, and fascism. Some of these are clearly problematised in the novels, others are not. While issues of racism and blood status are clearly at the forefront of the story of Harry Potter, there are layers to the conflict which reveal that there is more to the discriminatory dilemma than the issue of blood purity. This essay aims to investigate how teachers can use J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series to lead a discussion about othering and discrimination, focusing on the issue of ableism in particular.

    The goal when studying processes of othering in Harry Potter is not necessarily for the reader to identify with the protagonists. Instead, textual silences will be interpreted to investigate whether the othering of people like the readers themselves, an othering the reader partakes in when empathising with the protagonists, can be compared to ableism in the real world, and how teachers can use Harry Potter as means to introduce the idea of able-bodiedness as a social construct. By applying crip theory to the text, it can be stated that the division between the protagonist and his non-magical Other is based on ableist ideologies, which result in a positioning of the non-magical as disabled in the magical society. This position is maintained by naturalising the link between impairment and character flaws.

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  • 21.
    Azambuja, Enaie Maire
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
    Human and animal in ‘the Open’: an exploration of image and worlding in the poetry of Marianne Moore and João Cabral de Melo Neto2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis firstly aims at discussing the early works of American poet Marianne Moore (1887-1972) through the bio-philosophical perspectives developed since the investigations of Estonian Jacob von Uexküll (1864-1944). The study elucidates Uexküll’s research on the web-like forms of life that is the Umwelt of animals and Moore’s creation of poetic environments. Such investigations provide a basis for the analysis of Moore’s animals and environments in dialogue with Martin Heidegger’s (1889-1976) concepts of “poverty in world”, and “animal captivation”. Uexküll’s and Heidegger’s concepts are revised by Italian Giorgio Agamben (1942- ), who proposes that there is an openness in the state of being ontologically captivated, caused by interactional processes occurring within the environment. Subsequently, taking into account these same perspectives, this thesis offers a comparative study of Marianne Moore and Brazilian poet João Cabral de Melo Neto (1920-1999), engaging, respectively, her early poems with his book O Cão Sem Plumas [The Dog without Feathers], written in 1950. From the bio-philosophical perspectives previously discussed, this study focuses on moral and ethical stances addressed towards interpretations of the onto-ethological (Buchanan, 2008) nature of animals. The study analyses how both Moore and Melo Neto convey their ethical reflections and specific moral issues through expressions of nature and animal life, especially when they emphasise contexts of violence, misery and deprivation, either in material or conceptual respects, involved with the ontological and world-forming conditions of both animals and human beings. Therefore, the research will focus on their use of literary devices, such as allegories, and literary genres, such as fables, in order to develop both explicit and implicit dimensions of their poetry, thus providing a deeper understanding of the ontological status of animals and human beings. 

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    MAT_Enaie Azambuja_final_version
  • 22.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Birgitta Trotzig och det katolska2023Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas.
    Den kluvna kärnan: Läsningar av Birgitta Trotzigs "Ormflickan" [The Split Kernel. Readings of Birgitta Trotzig's "Ormflickan" ("The Serpent Girl")]2012In: Acta Universitatis Carolinae. Philologica 1/Germanistica Pragensia, ISSN 0567-8269, Vol. 21, no 1/2012, p. 87-118Article in journal (Refereed)
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    Bak_Ormflickan
  • 24.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Die provisorische Ordnung: zu Magnus Dahlströms Prosa1994In: Präsentationen: Schwedische Gegenwartsautoren: Jacques Werup, Björn Ranelid, Magnus Dahlström / [ed] Knut Brynhildsvoll, Morsbach: Norden , 1994, p. 139-189Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Fantasin i arbete: Om Gaston Bachelards telluriska onirism och Sara Lidmans Gruva2012In: Litteraturens arbetare: En vänbok till Per-Olof Mattsson / [ed] Christer Johansson & Per Anders Wiktorsson, Lund: Ellerströms förlag, 2012, 1, p. 203-215Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Från nationalhjälte till rikstyrann: Karl XII i det svenska 1800-taletslitterära minneskultur2023In: Scandinavistica Vilnensis, ISSN 2029-2112, Numrets tema: Memory and Remembrance in Scandinavian Cultures: Political Memory, ISSN ISSN 2029-2112, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 511-537Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 27.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Förutsättningarna för att läsa och undervisa i klassiker och äldre litteratur i Polen, Sverige och Ukraina2024Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Genreekvilibristen Astrid Lindgren2011In: Studia Litteraria Universitatis Iagellonicae Cracoviensis, ISSN 1897-3035, Vol. 6, p. 7-28Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 29.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Kosmos återupprättat: Sex läsningar av Magnus Dahlströms prosa1993In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 3-20Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Kulturminnet avförtrollat?: Sekularisering och resakralisering i Carl Snoilskys Svenska bilder2022Conference paper (Refereed)
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    Abstract
  • 31.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Kulturminnet avförtrollat? Sekularisering och resakralisering i Carl Snoilskys Svenska bilder (1872-1897)2023In: Säkularisierung erzählen: Entwürfe skandinavischer Literatur um 1900 / [ed] Angelika Gröger; Joachim Schiedermair; Franziska Schlichtkrull, Baden-Baden: Rombach Wissenschaft , 2023Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cultural Memory Disenchanted? Secularization and Re-sacralization in Carl Snoilsky’s Svenska bilder (1872-1897)

    This article investigates the patterns of secularization and re-sacralization in Carl Snoilsky’s (1841–1903) collection of poems Svenska bilder (1872–1897, Swedish Pictures[KB1]  Images), ranked for a long time as a Swedish classic. The collection turns back to significant events in early modern Swedish history and has been conceived of as a compendium of national cultural memory. As a dedicated adherent of the century’s progressive liberal and democratic ideology, Snoilsky, the article shows, secularizes the historical material of the poems in accordance with four main patterns: autonomization, specialization, depotentiation, and differentiation. However, for the purpose of emphasizing Swedish patriotic values, Snoilsky simultaneously accomplishes a re-sacralization of the collection’s cultural memory by means of some recurrent patterns: ontologization, existentialization, mythization, actualization, etc.

  • 32.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Lyckans dödsmaskin: Bilden av den skandinaviska exceptionalismen hos Emmanuel Mounier, Birgitta Trotzig och Sara Stridsberg2018In: Abstracts, 2018, p. 8-8Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Lyckans dödsmaskin: Kritiken mot den skandinaviska exceptionalismen hos Emmanuel Mounier, Birgitta Trotzig och Sara Stridsberg2021In: Scandinavian Exceptionalisms: Culture, Society, Discourse / [ed] Jens Bjerring-Hansen, Torben Jelsbak, Anna Estera Mrozewicz, Berlin: Nordeuropa-Institut der Humboldt-Universität , 2021, p. 117-144Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Mellan hummer och pölsa - kulinarisk transition i Torgny Lindgrens och Ella Nilssons Maten2018In: Transit - 'Norden' och 'Europa': IASS XXXI 2016 / [ed] Petra Broomans, Ester Jiresch, Janke Klok, Anja Schüppert, Groningen: Barkhuis, 2018, p. 130-141Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The  contribution  investigates  culinary  transitions between  Sweden  and  Europe  in  Torgny Lindgren's and Ella Nilsson's epistolary cookbook, Maten.  Hunger  och  törst  i  Västerbotten(2003) (Food: Hunger and Thirst in Västerbotten). With a theoretical starting point in discourse-analytic approaches to nationalistic ideology, primarily elaborated within cultural studies, the contribution examines uses of the binarity of Sweden/Europe in essentialist and deconstructive practices of the cookbook. The argument comprises three parts. In the first part, the cookbook's conception of Västerbottenian cuisine is scrutinized. It is argued that Lindgren's and Nilsson's construction of gastronomic Västerbottenianness  brings into play a whole range of rhetorical strategies that are usually utilized to construct national cuisines. Västerbottenian cookery is: (a) codified as a normative canon, (b) connected to a specific place, to a historical tradition and to ritualized customs, (c) defined as a restitution project preserving regional heritage from entropy, and (d) organized according to certain culinary icons, each of which mythologically incarnates some part of the "soul" of the region. The second part discusses the position of Europe on the cookbook's gastronomic map. The concept of Europeanness  in Maten  is  shown  to  be constructed as a cultural "Other" and – by analogy with other counter-images – (a) excluded from the field of genuine cookery, (b) smuggled into the cookbook's culinary discourse through devices of disguise and (c) manifest in "typical" Västerbottnian recipes its presence in "typical" Västerbottenian  recipes  by  generating  contradictions,  semantic  displacements  and  aporetic paradoxes.  The  final  part  examines  the  role  of  Sweden  among  the  cookbook's  gastronomic identities.  Unlike  traditional  cookery  books  dedicated  to  Swedish  national  cuisine, Matenproblematizes  the  relationship  between  centre  and  periphery,  constructing  Swedishness  as  a "double"  identity:  both  the  internalized  "Self"  and  the  oppressive  "Other".  Correspondingly, Lindgren  and  Nilsson  have  an  ambiguous,  partly  ironic,  attitude  towards  their  own  local patriotic cuisine project using the notion of "Saminess" to undermine Västerbottenian culinary logocentrism.

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  • 35.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Mellan hummer och pölsa: kulinarisk transition i Torgny Lindgrens och Ella Nilssons 'Maten'2018In: TijdSchrift voor Skandinavistiek, ISSN 0168-2148, E-ISSN 1875-9505, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 99-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The contribution investigates culinary transitions between Sweden and Europe in Torgny Lindgren's and Ella Nilsson's epistolary cookbook, Maten. Hunger och törst i Västerbotten (2003) (Food: Hunger and Thirst in Västerbotten). With a theoretical starting point in discourse-analytic approaches to nationalistic ideology, primarily elaborated within cultural studies, the contribution examines uses of the binarity of Sweden/Europe in essentialist and deconstructive practices of the cookbook. The argument comprises three parts. In the first part, the cookbook's conception of Västerbottenian cuisine is scrutinized. It is argued that Lindgren's and Nilsson's construction of gastronomic Västerbottenianness brings into play a whole range of rhetorical strategies that are usually utilized to construct national cuisines. Västerbottenian cookery is: (a) codified as a normative canon, (b) connected to a specific place, to a historical tradition and to ritualized customs, (c) defined as a restitution project preserving regional heritage from entropy, and (d) organized according to certain culinary icons, each of which mythologically incarnates some part of the "soul" of the region. The second part discusses the position of Europe on the cookbook's gastronomic map. The concept of Europeanness in Maten is shown to be constructed as a cultural "Other" and – by analogy with other counter-images – (a) excluded from the field of genuine cookery, (b) smuggled into the cookbook's culinary discourse through devices of disguise and (c) manifest in "typical" Västerbottnian recipes its presence in "typical" Västerbottenian recipes by generating contradictions, semantic displacements and aporetic paradoxes. The final part examines the role of Sweden among the cookbook's gastronomic identities. Unlike traditional cookery books dedicated to Swedish national cuisine, Maten problematizes the relationship between centre and periphery, constructing Swedishness as a "double" identity: both the internalized "Self" and the oppressive "Other". Correspondingly, Lindgren and Nilsson have an ambiguous, partly ironic, attitude towards their own local patriotic cuisine project using the notion of "Saminess" to undermine Västerbottenian culinary logocentrism.

  • 36.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Minneskulturell avmytisering och remytiseringi Snoilskys Svenska bilder2023In: Studia Litteraria Universitatis Iagellonicae Cracoviensis, ISSN 1897-3035, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 21-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article analyses the relationship between cultural memory and myth in CarlSnoilsky’s poetic cycle Svenska bilder (Swedish Pictures). According to theoreticians, one ofthe primary goals of the 19th-century cultural memory is to consolidate the nation-state. Politically conservative Swedish Romanticism achieves this goal by turning Swedish cultural memory into a kind of national mythology, combining mythical and historical elements. In hiscycle, Snoilsky, a democrat and a liberal, revises the Romantic construction of Swedish nationalmemory by demythicising it. However, the author’s patriotic intentions often lead to the remythicisation of the democratically calibrated events and figures featuring in the cycle. The articleanalyses this dialectic, drawing on the theories of myth by Roland Barthes, Northrop Frye, Carl Gustav Jung, Ernst Casssirer, Mircea Eliade, Max Weber, et al., and supporting them with theintertextual apparatus of Gérard Genette. Among the most important demythicising strategiesin Svenska bilder are mimetic devaluation, archetypal deheroisation, semiotic denaturalisation,and secularisation. Remythicisation in Snoilsky’s cycle is realised either by taking over selectedelements of Romantic cultural memory, or by subjecting liberal cultural memory to mythicising strategies. The most important of these include mimetic valuation, archetypal heroisation,semiotic naturalisation, and sacralisation, i.e. strategies that are in dialectical opposition to thedistinguished strategies of demythicisation.

  • 37.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Odysseus und Sirenen in der schwedischsprachigen Lyrik des 20. Jahrhunderts2016In: Odysseen des Humanen: Antike, Judentum und Christentum in der deutschsprachigen Literatur: Festschrift für Prof. Dr. Maria Kłańska zum 65. Geburtstag / [ed] Katarzyna Jaśtal, Paweł Zarychta, Anna Dąbrowska, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2016, p. 103-112Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    "Om hon från Polen vore här" eller Szymborska på svenska2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Patologins teologi: Om vansinne, synd och skuld hos Birgitta Trotzig2023Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att Birgitta Trotzigs verk kretsar kring vansinnet är en etablerad sanning i forskningen. Ofta har hennes gestaltning av mental ohälsa tolkats via politiska och postmoderna referenser. Trotzig själv har i olika sammanhang betonat att hon skriver "väldigt religiösa böcker". I mitt föredrag närmar jag mig psykisk sjukdom som tema och diskurs i hennes författarskap utifrån den kristna hamartiologin. Min startpunkt är Kierkegaards psykologiserande teori om synden i Begrebet Angest och Sygdomen till Döden, verk som haft stor betydelse för Trotzigs förståelse av jagets inre dynamik. Dessa klassiska intertexter kompletterar jag med den inflytelserika katolska 1900-talsteologi som i Kierkegaards fotspår försöker inkorporera psykopatologin i syndens sfär. Att denna religiösa systemreferens produktivt kan appliceras på Trotzigs människoskildring försöker jag visa genom en analys av de fyra huvudgestalterna i romanen Dykungens dotter - Mojan, flickan, pojken, gårdskarlen - och deras neuroser. Utifrån de nämnda teologiska teorierna diskuterar jag avslutningsvis varför nåden hos Trotzig inte får generera ett motsvarande psykiskt välmående.

  • 40.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Polyfont och monofont: om Birgitta Trotzigs intertextuella poetik1996In: Arbeiten zur Skandinavistik: XII. Arbeitstagung der deutschsprachigen Skandinavistik 16.-23. September 1995 in Greifswald / [ed] Walter Baumgartner, Hans Fix, Wien: Verlag Fassbaender, 1996, p. 233-239Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Program och porträtt: Birgitta Trotzigs poetologiska strategier1997In: Fragmente einer skandinavischen Poetikgeschichte / [ed] Heiko Uecker, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 1997, p. 119-128Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    På spaning efter en ny nationell identitet: Konstruktionen av kulturminne i Carl Snoilskys Svenska bilder2023Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Literature.
    Romantikens upplysningstid1998In: Opplysning i Norden: foredrag på den XXI. studiekonferanse i International Association for Scandinavian Studies (IASS), arrangert av Skandinavistische Abteilung, Germanistisches Seminar, Universität Bonn 5.-11. august 1996 / [ed] Heiko Uecker, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 1998, p. 121-126Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics. Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Poland.
    Skandinavisk litteratur i Polens litterära kanon2020In: CSS Conference 2019: Scandinavian Languages and Literatures World Wide / [ed] Robert Ekdahl, Lund: Lund University Open Access, 2020, p. 1-16Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vilken plats intar den skandinaviska litteraturen i Polens litterära kanon? Frågan väcker en rad litteraturteoretiska problem. Men låt oss tills vidare lämna dem åt sidan och i stället utgå från två konkreta fall, som dels kan ge inblickar i Polens litteraturkanon och dess skandinaviska halt, dels kan hjälpa oss att precisera begreppen. Mitt val av konkreta studieobjekt låter sig motiveras av att de effektivt kompletterar varandras begränsningar. Det första ger en bra bild av kanons kvantitativa sida men säger relativt litet om de kvalitativa aspekterna. Det andra förvrider de kvantitativa förhållandena men ger ett någorlunda tillförlitligt svar på frågan vad den polska kanoniseringen av skandinavisk litteratur egentligen innebär. Med skandinavisk litteratur avses här – i enlighet med polskt språkbruk – litteraturen från samtliga fem nordiska länder

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  • 45.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Skandinavisk litteratur i Polens nationella kanon2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Sverige, Norden, världen: Kulturella rum hos Birgitta Trotzig2017In: CSS Conference 2017, "Rethinking Scandinavia": Lund 14-17 juni 2017, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Birgitta Trotzigs essäer, debattartiklar och intervjuer domineras av två kulturgeografiska storheter – Sverige och Europa – som dels definieras antitetiskt, dels betraktas som varandras spegelbilder. I detta dualistiska världskoncept finns inte plats för Norden som en med egen identitet försedd enhet. Betecknande nog berömmer Trotzig hemstaden Lund inte för att den ligger nära Danmark utan för att den är en integrerad del av kontinenten. Desto starkare aktualiseras Norden i Trotzigs skönlitterära författarskap. Sin största roman, Dykungens dotter (1985), utformar hon som en modern parabel vars två huvudkomponenter – bildledet och sakledet – regleras av var sin nordiska intertext. Att bildledets narration bygger på H. C. Andersens konstsaga ”Dynd-Kongens Datter” (1858) signaleras redan av romanens paratexter och har energiskt kommenterats i receptionen. Mindre uppmärksammat är att sakledets semantiska strukturer i hög grad styrs av Kierkegaards människoförståelse. Genom en närläsning av en nyckelscen i romanen – Mojans möte med dykungen i skogen – demonstrerar föredraget att textens talrika gammal- och nytestamentliga anspelningar kan återföras på Kierkegaards bibelexeges. I ett avslutande steg visar föredraget att de nordiska referenserna trots sin textuella tydlighet aldrig blir dominanter i Trotzigs antropologiska betydelseproduktion. Såväl konceptet Norden som den binära konstruktionen Sverige/Europa undermineras i sista hand av hennes förmodernt präglade essentialism, som genom sitt universalistiska naturbegrepp ogiltigförklarar temporala och spatiala specificeringar.

  • 47.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics. Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Poland.
    Sverige, världen och det frånvarande Norden: Om kulturella rum hos Birgitta Trotzig2018In: Rethinking Scandinavia: CSS publications web quarterly, ISSN 2002-9039, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 1-8Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Tłumacz w roli terapeuty: O Neugerowskim przekładzie Elegii Stagneliusa2022In: Gry międzyludzkie Leona Neugera / [ed] Aleksander Fiut, Elżbieta Jogałła, Elżbieta Tabakowska, Kraków: Wydawnictwo Austeria , 2022, p. 339-348Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Vad döljer sig i Västerbottens mage?: Om Augustinus och Torgny Lindgrens Minnen 2014In: Samlaren: Tidskrift för forskning om svensk och annan nordisk litteratur, ISSN 0348-6133, E-ISSN 2002-3871, Vol. 135, p. 5-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article investigates the complex intertextual dialogue between Torgny Lindgren's Minnen (2010) and Augustine's Confessions, from which Lindgren has taken the motto of his autobiography. By using the patristic intertext as a starting point, the investigation intends to show how Lindgren has constructed his image of Västerbotten. The article is divided into four parts. The first part (I), establishes the heuristic principles of the investigation, which adhere to the recent tendency in patristic studies to observe the heterogeneous character of Augustine's world of thought. The second part of the article (II) charts parallels between text and intertext in their portrayal of grace, evil, and man. It emerges that those elements of Lindgren's world view which are particularly closely related to Augustinian theology are also the ones that possess a particularly strong Västerbottnian character. This intertextual affinity can be explained not only with reference to the Lutheran tradition of Västerbotten, but also has to be related to the text's specific structure of memoria, which is unravelled in the remaining parts (III-IV). On the basis of modern cultural anthropological theories of memory, the third part demonstrates that most of the differences between text and intertext can be linked to the cultural memory of modernity, and document the rise and fall of industrial subjectivity. Lindgren embeds his autobiographical version of Västerbotten into the basic structure of modern memory, transforms it into a quasi-subject, and taints it with the symptoms of decay that plague the industrial 'I.' In the same as Western modernity, Minnen draws the majority of its metaphors of dissolution from Augustine's paradigmatic doctrine of sin. The fourth part of the article (IV) aims to analyse the autobiography's mechanisms of substitution. It is argued that these attempt-in analogy to many Western critics of modernity-to counteract the crisis of industrial cultural memory by reviving the Augustinian forms of memoria and creating a synthesis of pre-industrial and industrial. Within the quasi subject of Västerbotten and its wealth of agrarian objects, Lindgren finds adequate metaphorical models for use in his compensatory project of counter-memory. The article concludes by observing that, just as Minnen's productive dialogue with Augustine allows it to recapitulate the history of Western memory, Lindgren's Västerbotten is elevated to the status of a universal symbol of European consciousness and its fate.

  • 50.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics. Jagiellonian University in Kraków, Poland; Stockholm University. Sweden.
    Dziedzic, Dominik
    Zillén, Erik
    Żurawska, Elżbieta
    Carl Snoilsky’s Svenska bilder and Cultural Memory in the 19th Century2023In: Studia Litteraria Universitatis Iagellonicae Cracoviensis, ISSN 1897-3035, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the research project “Searching for a New National Identity: TheConstruction of Swedish Cultural Memory in Carl Snoilsky’s Poems Svenska bilder”, and functions as an introduction to the four subsequent articles in this issue of Studia Litteraria, whichare the result of the project. The principal aim of the project was a comprehensive analysis ofthe construction of cultural memory in Carl Snoilsky’s cycle of poems Svenska bilder (SwedishPictures) for many decades being part of the core canon of Swedish literature, but which remainslargely forgotten today. In part one, the article outlines the complex process of the creation andpublication of Svenska bilder. It also reviews the state of research on Snoilsky’s cycle, justifyingthe need for new theoretical perspectives. In part two, the article analyses ways in which nationalmemory is portrayed in Svenska bilder at different intra- and extranarrative levels, arguing thatcultural memory and its preservation are among the central themes of the cycle. In part three,the article illuminates the construction of cultural memory in Svenska bilder as an example ofnineteenth-century European cultural memory. The article considers three features, typical ofnineteenth-century collective memory culture, to be particularly important for Snoilsky’s poems:subjectivisation, historicisation, and nationalisation. In part four, the article discusses Svenskabilder as an attempt to democratise the model of Swedish national memory created by the Romantics. The article argues that the cultural memory in Svenska bilder in many ways reflects the liberal ideas of the second half of the nineteenth century advocated by Snoilsky. In part five,the article examines the place of Polishness in the construction of Swedish cultural memory inSvenska bilder. Although Snoilsky considered himself a friend of Poland and an advocate forthe Polish independence movements, in his cycle he assigns Polishness the role of the negativeOther that serves to consolidate a positively characterised Swedish national identity. The articleconcludes with a short presentation of the four articles that are the fruits of the presented project.

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