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  • 101.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Vad döljer sig i Västerbottens mage?: Om Augustinus och Torgny Lindgrens Minnen 2014In: Samlaren: Tidskrift för forskning om svensk och annan nordisk litteratur, ISSN 0348-6133, E-ISSN 2002-3871, Vol. 135, p. 5-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article investigates the complex intertextual dialogue between Torgny Lindgren's Minnen (2010) and Augustine's Confessions, from which Lindgren has taken the motto of his autobiography. By using the patristic intertext as a starting point, the investigation intends to show how Lindgren has constructed his image of Västerbotten. The article is divided into four parts. The first part (I), establishes the heuristic principles of the investigation, which adhere to the recent tendency in patristic studies to observe the heterogeneous character of Augustine's world of thought. The second part of the article (II) charts parallels between text and intertext in their portrayal of grace, evil, and man. It emerges that those elements of Lindgren's world view which are particularly closely related to Augustinian theology are also the ones that possess a particularly strong Västerbottnian character. This intertextual affinity can be explained not only with reference to the Lutheran tradition of Västerbotten, but also has to be related to the text's specific structure of memoria, which is unravelled in the remaining parts (III-IV). On the basis of modern cultural anthropological theories of memory, the third part demonstrates that most of the differences between text and intertext can be linked to the cultural memory of modernity, and document the rise and fall of industrial subjectivity. Lindgren embeds his autobiographical version of Västerbotten into the basic structure of modern memory, transforms it into a quasi-subject, and taints it with the symptoms of decay that plague the industrial 'I.' In the same as Western modernity, Minnen draws the majority of its metaphors of dissolution from Augustine's paradigmatic doctrine of sin. The fourth part of the article (IV) aims to analyse the autobiography's mechanisms of substitution. It is argued that these attempt-in analogy to many Western critics of modernity-to counteract the crisis of industrial cultural memory by reviving the Augustinian forms of memoria and creating a synthesis of pre-industrial and industrial. Within the quasi subject of Västerbotten and its wealth of agrarian objects, Lindgren finds adequate metaphorical models for use in his compensatory project of counter-memory. The article concludes by observing that, just as Minnen's productive dialogue with Augustine allows it to recapitulate the history of Western memory, Lindgren's Västerbotten is elevated to the status of a universal symbol of European consciousness and its fate.

  • 102.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics. Jagiellonian University in Kraków, Poland; Stockholm University. Sweden.
    Dziedzic, Dominik
    Zillén, Erik
    Żurawska, Elżbieta
    Carl Snoilsky’s Svenska bilder and Cultural Memory in the 19th Century2023In: Studia Litteraria Universitatis Iagellonicae Cracoviensis, ISSN 1897-3035, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the research project “Searching for a New National Identity: TheConstruction of Swedish Cultural Memory in Carl Snoilsky’s Poems Svenska bilder”, and functions as an introduction to the four subsequent articles in this issue of Studia Litteraria, whichare the result of the project. The principal aim of the project was a comprehensive analysis ofthe construction of cultural memory in Carl Snoilsky’s cycle of poems Svenska bilder (SwedishPictures) for many decades being part of the core canon of Swedish literature, but which remainslargely forgotten today. In part one, the article outlines the complex process of the creation andpublication of Svenska bilder. It also reviews the state of research on Snoilsky’s cycle, justifyingthe need for new theoretical perspectives. In part two, the article analyses ways in which nationalmemory is portrayed in Svenska bilder at different intra- and extranarrative levels, arguing thatcultural memory and its preservation are among the central themes of the cycle. In part three,the article illuminates the construction of cultural memory in Svenska bilder as an example ofnineteenth-century European cultural memory. The article considers three features, typical ofnineteenth-century collective memory culture, to be particularly important for Snoilsky’s poems:subjectivisation, historicisation, and nationalisation. In part four, the article discusses Svenskabilder as an attempt to democratise the model of Swedish national memory created by the Romantics. The article argues that the cultural memory in Svenska bilder in many ways reflects the liberal ideas of the second half of the nineteenth century advocated by Snoilsky. In part five,the article examines the place of Polishness in the construction of Swedish cultural memory inSvenska bilder. Although Snoilsky considered himself a friend of Poland and an advocate forthe Polish independence movements, in his cycle he assigns Polishness the role of the negativeOther that serves to consolidate a positively characterised Swedish national identity. The articleconcludes with a short presentation of the four articles that are the fruits of the presented project.

  • 103. Baker, Felicity
    et al.
    Schneider, Magnus TessingStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Don Giovanni's Reasons: Thoughts on a masterpiece2021Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although Mozart's Don Giovanni (1787) is the most analysed of all operas, Lorenzo Da Ponte's libretto has rarely been studied as a work of poetry in its own right. The author argues that the libretto, rather than perpetuating the conservative religious morality implicit in the story of Don Juan, subjects our culture's myth of human sexuality to a critical rewriting. Combining poetic close reading with approaches drawn from linguistics, psychoanalysis, anthropology, political theory, legal history, intellectual history, literary history, art history and theatrical performance analysis, she studies the Don Giovanni libretto as a radical political text of the Late Enlightenment, which has lost none of its ability to provoke. The questions it raises concerning the nature of compassion, seduction and violence, and the autonomy and responsibility of the individual, are still highly relevant for us today.

  • 104.
    Balkir, Elif
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    A Comparative Study of the Research Proceedings at GRM and EMS based on Pierre Schaeffer’s and Knut Wiggen’s Musical Concepts2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper looks at the research proceedings at EMS (Electronmusikstudion) in Stockholm during the end of the 1960s, under the leadership of Knut Wiggen, and studies his interactions with Pierre Schaeffer in order to establish a new compositional technique for electroacoustic music. The first part deals with the examination of their research method of proposing a sort of compositional and technical program that led the main scientific and creative directions of GRM (Groupe de Recherches Musicales) and EMS. The second part attempts to demonstrate how Wiggen intended to make operational Schaeffer’s sound description system by means of his hybrid studio apparatus. Lastly, the study focuses on how Wiggen’s project differed from the Schaefferian model as well as from GRM after the installation of a computer-controlled studio in 1970 with the development of Musicbox and EMS-1 programs. Hence, this investigation allows us to observe the evolution of technology at EMS in relation to GRM as well as to contrast those developments with Schaeffer’s and Wiggen’s purposes.The historical background of the technical equipment is aimed mainly at musicians and musicologists. It points out the operational features of the apparatus that are useful for an in-depth understanding of composition technique based on Schaeffer’s and Wiggen’s approaches.

  • 105.
    Balkir, Elif
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics. Paris Sorbonne, France.
    A Comparative Study of the Research Proceedings of Knut Wiggen and Pierre Schaeffer during the Foundation of EMS2015In: EMS2015: The Art of Electroacoustic Music, University of Sheffield , 2015, p. 17-20Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 106.
    Balkir, Elif
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    The comparative study of technological and creative approaches to GRM in Paris and EMS in Stockholm: Two different artistic directions from onecommon idea2014In: Musikforskning idag: Växjö, 11-13 juni 2014, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research examines the evolution of electroacoustic music at GRM (Groupe de Re-cherches Musicales) and at EMS (Elektronmusikstudion) encompassing a period from 1965 to 1980. The thesis follows a comparative course in order to investigate Pierre Schaeffer’s musical ideas acknowledged by Knut Wiggen during the foundation of EMS studio and how EMS differs from GRM in 70s. The first step put into perspective two centres regarding their institutional organisation, their cultural aspects, the research, the educa-tion and the artistic evolution based on Schaeffer’s and Wiggen’s reflexions within the development of music technology. The following step focuses on the compositional ideas and proceedings by means of the pioneer works analysis in order to justify the compari-son of two artistic directions and to explore the problem of acousmatic music analysis. The analysis method is based on Jean Molino’s tripartite theory developed by J.J. Nattiez (esthesic/poietic/neutral level of an art work) for understanding the compositional structure, organisation and the composer style related to technological equipment of the studios. The aim is to determine a methodology for an in-depth understanding of electro-acoustic music analysis through comparison and to establish a scientific docu-mentation on French and Swedish electro-acoustic music within new technologies.

  • 107.
    Balkir, Elif
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    The Emergence of text-composition and its interactions with concrete music: An Analysis of Lars-Gunnar Bodin’s Semikolon - Séance IV2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper handles a short comparative study between concrete music and text-sound composition through the musical analysis of Lars-Gunnar Bodin’s Semikolon - Séance IV (1965). The aim of this study is to show some similarities between those two genres from historical and musical points of view. In the former, the research will show how musique concrète and text-sound composition were born at the crossroads of early creative approaches in music and in literature based on the remarkable contribution of recording devices. The latter will discuss with the help of musical analysis of Bodin’s Semikolon, how text-sound composition and concrete music adopted some parallel philosophical concepts during the process of composition. 

  • 108.
    Balkir, Elif
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics. Sorbonne Université.
    Étude comparative des approches créatrices et technologiques au Groupe de Recherches Musicales à Paris et à l’Elektronmusikstudion à Stockholm 1965-1980: Deux directions artistiques différentes à partir d’une idée commune2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The current research is a comparative study investigating the development of creative and technological approaches at GRM (Groupe de Recherches Musicales) and EMS (Elektronmusikstudion) from 1965 to 1980. The thesis examines the main interactions between two pioneers of electroacoustic music in France and in Sweden, namely, Pierre Schaeffer and Knut Wiggen and the evolution of artistic directions within their institutions. The comparative method borrows two main perspectives from linguistics, such as diachronic and synchronic. To this direction, the first part of the thesis evaluates a sort of historical synthesis of musical genres, which lead the artistic directions of those two studios, including their institutional organization, musical creation, technological research as well as Schaeffer’s and Wiggen’s musical concepts. The second part of the thesis focuses on pioneer works analysis in order to explore closely compositional ideas and the problem of acousmatic music analysis. The analysis method is based on Jean Molino’s tripartite theory developed by J.J. Nattiez (poietic/neutral/esthesic level of an art work) and Stéphane Roy, which contributes to analyze the compositional structure, organization and the composer’s style related to technological equipment of the studios. The first step of music analysis reconstructs a sort of transcription within the neutral level analysis by means of Lasse Thoresen’s graphical symbols inspired by Schaeffers’s typo-morphology. The second step seeks to confront the neutral level results with external poietic information in order to explore and to compare some hypothetical significations of analyzed musical pieces. In conclusion, the end goal is to determine a methodology inspired by the tripartite theory for an in-depth understanding of acousmatic music analysis and to establish a historical documentation on French and Swedish electroacoustic music within the development of technology.

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    Étude comparative des approches créatrices et technologiques au Groupe de Recherches Musicales à Paris et à l’Elektronmusikstudion à Stockholm 1965-1980
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  • 109. Balling, Gitte
    et al.
    Begnum, Anne Charlotte
    Kuzmičová, Anežka
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics. Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic.
    Schilhab, Theresa
    The young read in new places, the older read on new devices: A survey of digital reading practices among librarians and Information Science students in Denmark2019In: Participations, E-ISSN 1749-8716, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 197-236Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports key findings from a quantitative online survey of everyday reading practices (N = 277) that targeted library professionals and students enrolled in an Information Science program in Denmark. The survey derived its rationale from the current upsurge in reading on smartphones but was constructed so as to give a comprehensive overview of all devices used for reading, as well as to map how these devices combine in respondents' reading behaviour with specific text genres and physical environments. The data documents a highly diversified reading ecology where most genres are read on most devices and where readers' choices and preferences vary with gender, age, and life situation. The clearest patterns emerge among female respondents (N = 221; M age = 39; range 19-65) who fall into distinct reader/user groups according to age. Most importantly, we found the variety of digital devices used for reading to increase rather than decrease with age, contrary tocommon assumptions. Meanwhile, the youngest of the female respondents seem to read in the greatest variety of environments, and to make the least use of printed reading materials.

  • 110.
    Balogh, Alexandra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Aniara - en revy om människan i tid och rum: Stil som meningsbärare2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The opera Aniara by Karl-Birger Blomdahl premiered in 1959 and gained much attention forcombining its general serial style with other musical stylistic elements, as it alludes to and citesworks of other styles such as romanticism and jazz. This circumstance was considered amongother things to have led to Aniaras success, as it made the modernistic music more accessible to ageneral audience. I analyse two scenes in Aniara which contain allusions to and citations ofEllington's Ko-ko, Alfvén's Midsommarvaka, Shostakovich's Fifth Symphony, Beethoven's Ninthand the Swedish psalm Tryggare kan ingen vara regarding their intertextual meanings andaccording to Claudia Gorbman's theory of narrativity in film music. The overall function of theallusions and citations is to describe the conflicting emotions and mental states of the people ofthe spaceship Aniara: how they react to the occurring events during their voyage in space andtheir lack of hope. The intertextual references deepen the understanding of the narrative, and thesections with allusions are perhaps comparable to the aria in 1800th century opera, while themainly modernistic passages have a function similar to the drama-propelling recitative. Stylisticdiversity was not new in 20th century opera at the time of Aniara's premiere, however, the clearintertextuality of Blomdahl's allusions in service of narrative can be seen as ahead of its time.

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  • 111.
    Bardoux Lovén, Cécile
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Blomdahls respektive Lidholms melodiska tonspråk på 1940-talet2013In: Musikforskning idag 2013: Abstracts, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    På 1940-talet manifesterar Måndagsgruppens tonsättare en gemensam antiromantisk estetik och hämtar influenser ur teoretiska och musikvetenskapliga böcker (Hindemith, Jeppesen et Kurth). Trots det komponerar i synnerhet Karl-Birger Blomdahl och Ingvar Lidholm verk i olika tonspråk. Med hjälp av en musikanalytisk metod som har skapats utifrån den nämnda gemensamma teoretiska bakgrunden samt utifrån teorier av Schenker och Meyer, är bidragets syfte att presentera och jämföra Blomdahls respektive Lidholms mest väsentliga melodiska drag, med avseende på linearitet och melodiska elaborationer.

  • 112.
    Bardoux Lovén, Cécile
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Disjunct Intervals within Melody: Meanings and Functions through Schenkerian and Post-Schenkerian Theories2015In: Principles of Music Composing [Muzikos komponavimo principai]: Phenomenon of Melody [Melodijos fenomenas], Vilnius: Lietuvos muzikos ir teatro akademija , 2015, p. 27-35Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Composing melody with disjunct intervals is not only a question of taste and style, but also a question of meaning and function. Thus, disjunct intervals may play different roles within melodic structures. Theoreticians from the 20th century have given new insights to analysts, performers and composers. Among them, Heinrich Schenker elaborated a theory that concerns the melodic structure, unfolding and implication within the musical organism. Followers developed further the ideas in different directions. The paper will propose a comparative study about the disjunct interval according to Schenker, to Schenkerian teachers (from Salzer to Cadwallader) and to post-Schenkerian theorists. A systematic presentation along with analytic examples will efficiently highlight the different meanings, tools, and graphic representations. The study will thus put forward what a student or a teacher in composition may learn from this evolution and this may contribute to renew melodic approach and creativity. 

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  • 113.
    Bardoux Lovén, Cécile
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Hermann (d.ä.) Berens, Erstes Gesellschafts-Quartett Op.232015Other (Other academic)
  • 114.
    Bardoux Lovén, Cécile
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    La mélodie selon Schenker, Meyer et Narmour: comparaison, évaluation et rencontre de procédés analytiques2015In: Regards sur le comparatisme en musicologie: enjeux et méthodes, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    Au cours du XXe siècle, de nombreux théoriciens s’intéressent à la dimension mélodique. Parmi eux, Heinrich Schenker et Leonard B. Meyer ont élaboré des théories concernant son fonctionnement, sa structure, son déploiement et son implication dans l’organicisme d’une œuvre. Malgré l’influence de Schenker sur Meyer, leurs théories semblent diverger et elles constituent postérieurement la source de courants théoriques différents. Narmour (1977) pose toutefois la question de la pertinence de leur rencontre. La communication proposera une étude comparative des principaux outils et des représentations graphiques des théories de Schenker et de Meyer. Une présentation systématique accompagnée d’exemples d’analyses thématiques éclairera efficacement les sens accordés, d’une part, aux niveaux d’analyse, et d’autre part, à la figure d’élaboration mélodique de type gap-fill (en relation avec le rythme et l’harmonie). Cette étude comparative permettra également d’établir une évaluation méthodologique et épistémologique des deux théories. Il sera finalement montré que ces théories présentent, en ce XXIe siècle, la possibilité de se compléter et de conduire à de nouveaux résultats musicologiques. 

  • 115.
    Bardoux Lovén, Cécile
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Themes from the galant style through the syncretic method2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The syncretic method contributes to renew the analytical understanding of tonal and post-tonal music, especially concerning the melodic dimension. Its main purpose consists in manifesting how melodies are structured, regarding linearity and elaborations. Its efficiency resides in the logical combination of terminologies and graphic representations of the music, which mainly emanate from the theories of Schenker and Meyer. Besides some new stylistic aspects that it highlights, it is able to transmit a spatial understanding of the musical movement. This has consequences both for musicology and music pedagogy.

    This paper will critically (1) set out the principal tools and the graphic representation of the method, (2) submit the analysis of themes from the period of the galant style, and (3) put forward some new stylistic aspects that the syncretic method highlights, compared to analyses of previous theories. Thus, the paper will show how the syncretic method gives a gathered and useful response regarding musicological and music pedagogical perspectives. 

  • 116.
    Bardoux Lovén, Cécile
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Théorie et analyse musicale à Stockholm: unicité ou multiplicité des pratiques?2015In: Analyse et pratiques interprétatives, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    En Suède, les enseignements du secondaire et du supérieur ont récemment connu des réformes. Concernant la formation théorique de la musique, j’ai néanmoins pu observer une méconnaissance des pratiques mises en œuvre au sein même de certains établissements et entre les établissements. Aussi l’étude proposée visera-t-elle à établir un état des lieux des enseignements de la théorie et de l’analyse musicale actuellement pratiqués dans les cursus pré- et post-baccalauréat des établissements spécialisés de la région de Stockholm.L’étude examinera les méthodes pédagogiques et analytiques employées, les objectifs prononcés et réalisés, la continuité et la cohérence éducatives, la progression des niveaux, la place attribuée à l’analyse musicale et les répertoires abordés. Des enquêtes de terrain (comprenant questionnaires et entretiens) seront effectuées. La communication en présentera la synthèse et elle répondra à un intérêt exprimé aux échelles régionale, nationale et européenne. En Suède, les enseignements du secondaire et du supérieur ont récemment connu des réformes. Concernant la formation théorique de la musique, j’ai néanmoins pu observer une méconnaissance des pratiques mises en œuvre au sein même de certains établissements et entre les établissements. Aussi l’étude proposée visera-t-elle à établir un état des lieux des enseignements de la théorie et de l’analyse musicale actuellement pratiqués dans les cursus pré- et post-baccalauréat des établissements spécialisés de la région de Stockholm.

    L’étude examinera les méthodes pédagogiques et analytiques employées, les objectifs prononcés et réalisés, la continuité et la cohérence éducatives, la progression des niveaux, la place attribuée à l’analyse musicale et les répertoires abordés. Des enquêtes de terrain (comprenant questionnaires et entretiens) seront effectuées. La communication en présentera la synthèse et elle répondra à un intérêt exprimé aux échelles régionale, nationale et européenne.

  • 117.
    Bardoux Lovén, Cécile
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Théorie et analyse musicales à Stockholm: inventaire des contenus et pratiques pédagogiques2017In: Musurgia. Analyse et Pratique musicales, ISSN 1257-7537, E-ISSN 2271-1856, Vol. 24, no 1-4, p. 65-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Stockholm, the teaching of music theory is under remodelling due to national reforms and to the teachers’ work in order to give prominence to the theoretical subjects. A lack of knowledge of the pedagogical practices between schools and institutions, and within some schools, is however obvious. This study, conducted in 2015 in Stockholm, aims to establish the current situation of the music theory and analysis teaching in the specialized schools and institutions. Firstly, the article gives a survey of the Swedish education system and of the participating schools and institutions. Secondly, it reports the actual courses (titles, hour volumes, aims), the course literature (books, teaching methods) and the analytical methods used. The article concludes on the functions mainly given to music, theory, and analysis within the different teaching forms.

  • 118.
    Bardoux Lovén, Cécile
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Une méthode syncrétique pour l'analyse mélodique d'oeuvres suédoises des années 19402020In: Entre théorie et analyse musicale: Corpus et méthodes / [ed] Marie-Noëlle Masson, Paris: Éditions Delatour France , 2020, p. 61-75Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 119.
    Barrdunge, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Upplysningens ljus i Norrland: Om fyra aktörer vid Härnösands gymnasium under 1700-talet2024Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate the occurrence of Enlightenment ideas in the central Northern part of Sweden during the 18th century, focussing on a carefully chosen set of characters: one bishop and three senior lecturers at the gymnasium of Härnösand, in the province of Ångermanland. This dissertation uses a perspective of circulation of knowledge, inspired by the research field of history of knowledge. 

    The methodological approach in this study is to use a complex thematic definition with eight different components of Enlightenment in the analysis of relevant texts and writings by selected characters, supplemented with a contextual perspective.

    A center for the ecclesiastical culture of learning in Norrland was Härnösand, and the gymnasium was Norrland´s only higher education institution, north of Gävle, for 200 years between 1650 and 1850. During the 18th century, three senior lecturers were employed there, each working for the dissemination of Enlightenment ideas, through both writing and practical action: Magnus Stridsberg (1696–1772), Nils Gissler (1715–1771) and Pehr Hellzén (1744–1811). At the same time as these, the diocese was governed by Bishop Olof Kiörning (1704–1778), who was also the Supervisor of the gymnasium. He was influenced by Enlightenment ideas and showed a strong interest in advanced agriculture and contributed to the church taking greater part in the social and economic development. The first lecturer, Magnus Stridsberg, created new methods in agriculture concerning soil mixing, manure production and grain nurseries, but has mainly been remembered for his threshing machine which came into general use in central Norrland during the second half of the 18th century. The next lecturer, Nils Gissler, was Norrland´s first provincial physician and introduced a scientific approach to practical medicine in the region. With the dissemination of knowledge and a great deal of personal commitment, he showed interest in mental illness and treated his patients in his own home. He laid the foundation for an infrastructure for public health care in the province. He was a member of the Swedish Academy of Sciences and wrote many scientific papers, and in modern times has received international scientific recognition for the discovery of the inverted barometer effect. The third lecturer, Pehr Hellzén, was a pre-industrial contractor in the sawmill and shipbuilding industry in central Norrland and founded the shipyard and shipping company Wifstavarf in 1798. Hellzén gave an important inaugural speech when the new gymnasium was built: Om uplysningens verkan på människors och samhällens sällhet (On the effect of Enlightenment on the happiness of people and societies), printed in Swedish 1794. He gave Härnösand a special role within the Enlightenment, described as a driving force behind the development of science, education and economic in the region.

    The Enlightenment that developed in Härnösand can be summarized as a Christian ‘utilism’ with clear Enlightenment traits such as reason, experience-based science, the dissemination of knowledge, humanity, social reforms, religious tolerance & religion of reason, and utility & virtue. It rested on an evangelical Lutheran foundation, it regarded the meaning of ‘utilism’ in a broader sense than just financial gain, and included central Enlightenment ideas. 

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    Upplysningens ljus i Norrland
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  • 120. Barthes, Roland
    Efterord: i mellanrummen2015Book (Other academic)
  • 121.
    Bech, Valentin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Tjugotalsklassicism som diskurs och praktik: Två fallstudier.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats appliceras kritisk diskursanalys som teori och metod på textmaterial relaterat till konstutställningarna Jubileumsutställningen i Göteborg 1923 och Swedish Grace på Nationalmuseum 2022. Undersökningen syftar till att klarlägga hur diskursen kring stilriktningen tjugotalsklassicm/swedish grace potentiellt sett har förändrats över tid, och vad diskursen under olika tidpunkter kan förtälja om sociala maktfaktorer. Undersökningens resultat visar att diskursen kring tjugotalsklassicism/swedish grace under olika tider kopplats till andra konst- och samhällsdiskurser kring estetisk stildebatt, modernitet, nationalism, internationalism, humanism och konsumtion – samt att somliga av dessa diskurser även reproducerats över tid om än med förändrade värden. Museernas och akademikernas roller som kulturella makthavare har även påvisats influera receptionen av tjugotalsklassism/swedish grace under både 1920-tal respektive 2020-tal, även om de specifika diskurserna kan skilja sig tidserorna emellan.

  • 122.
    Bech, Valentin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Windowmaker: Queer phenomenological orientations of stylistic and spatial In-betweenness as portrayed through object interplay in Arthur Percy’s interior paintings2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines how interior paintings produced by the Swedish artist Arthur Percy, over an approximate period of 40 years during the 20th century, relate to the concepts of in-betweenness and queerness by and large, as well as stylistic and spatial in-betweenness as perceived through spatiality and objects as orientation devices, to be specific. Whereas Percy and his artistry have been of interest to previous researchers, preceding studies have largely been focused on biography, his role as a designer of domestic objects and crafts, as well as Percy’s standing within Swedish art history – both as an individual artist and as part of the group of early 20th century Swedish modernists collectively referred to as “Matisseleverna”. The study focuses on six of Percy’s interior and still-life paintings and how they correlate with the concepts of in-betweenness and queerness by way of ‘orientating’ them using Sara Ahmed’s queer phenomenology as a theoretical and methodological framework alongside theories on in-betweenness, interiority, as well as thing theory. The analyses are conducted via three case studies, each case study focusing on two interior paintings produced by Percy, delimited as to represent three periods within Percy’s artistical career. The selected empirical material has been approached through Sarah Ahmed’s queer phenomenology as well as a comparative method where other relevant interior paintings have been chosen as to ascertain how the perceived stylistic traits and the identifiable objects within Percy’s interior motifs could be considered orientated to/from queerness and in-between binary categorizations, as well as what function they have for manifesting and portraying different kind of space(s). The study contributes to further understanding of how object-focused queer phenomenological orientations of image space can be used to ascertain projected meaning and viewer experiences in subject-less motifs within the genres of interior painting and still-life painting, as well as furthering knowledge on Percy’s artistry by way of highlighting previously unexplored aspects of his approach to painting.

  • 123.
    Beckman, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Control and the Novel: Dave Eggers and Disciplinary Form2020In: Modern fiction studies, ISSN 0026-7724, E-ISSN 1080-658X, Vol. 60, no 3, p. 527-546Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay interrogates interrelations between the novel form and disciplinary power. Investigating debates regarding shifts between discipline and control as they have been delineated by Michel Foucault and Gilles Deleuze, it explores how such shifts might affect the novel but also how literary portrayals of these changing dispositifs, such as those in Dave Eggers's novels The Circle and Your Fathers, Where Are They? And the Prophets, Do They Live Forever? may assist in the theoretical labor of grasping changing modes of power.

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  • 124.
    Beckman, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Control culture: Foucault and Deleuze after discipline2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Starting from Deleuze’s brief but influential work on control, the 11 essays in this book focus on how control mechanisms influence, and are influenced by, cultural expression today. They also collectively re-evaluate Foucault and Deleuze’s theories of discipline and control in light of the continued development of biopolitics.

  • 125.
    Beckman, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Deleuze och den mindre litteraturen2018In: Deleuze och litteraturen / [ed] Sven-Olov Wallenstein, Johan Sehlberg, Hägersten: Tankekraft förlag , 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 126.
    Beckman, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Gilles Deleuze2017Book (Refereed)
  • 127.
    Beckman, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Introduction: Control of What?2018In: Control culture: Foucault and Deleuze after discipline / [ed] Frida Beckman, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 128.
    Beckman, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    J.G. Ballard's Dark Ecologies: Unsettling Nature, Animals, and Litterary Tropes2017In: Animalities: Literary and Cultural Studies Beyond the Human / [ed] Michael Lundblad, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2017, p. 60-79Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 129.
    Beckman, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Kris, kritik, teori: Postkritik och den nya offentligheten2020In: Norsk litteraturvitenskapelig tidsskrift, ISSN 0809-2044, E-ISSN 1504-288X, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 87-99Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 130.
    Beckman, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Litteratur, makt och genus2020In: Litteraturvetenskap 1 / [ed] Sigrid Schottenius Cullhed, Andreas Hedberg, Johan Svedjedal, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2020Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 131.
    Beckman, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    New Dark World: New Dark Age: Technology and the End of the Future, James Bridle, Verso Books2019In: American Book Review, ISSN 0149-9408, E-ISSN 2153-4578, Vol. 40, no 6, p. 6-7Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 132.
    Beckman, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Paranoid Masculinity, Or, Toward A New Identity Politics2021In: Symploke, ISSN 1069-0697, E-ISSN 1534-0627, Vol. 29, no 1-2, p. 235-246Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 133.
    Beckman, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Postcritique and the Leakiness of Spheres2020In: Symploke, ISSN 1069-0697, E-ISSN 1534-0627, Vol. 28, no 1-2, p. 523-526Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the final essay in Elizabeth S. Anker and Rita Felski's edited collection Critique and Postcritique from 2017, Eric Hayot summarizes the status of critique as it has presented itself in this volume: "What we know is that something has been lost, that literary criticism, today, floats adrift on an open, darkling sea, which the sailors search desperately for new compasses" (2017, 279). But what is it that has been lost exactly? I will suggest in this very brief intervention that perhaps it is not critique's usefulness to literary practice that has been lost. Neither, I will propose, is it the political import of critique that has been lost. Rather, I will argue, what are at stake are the forms—the spaces, the spheres—that make critique possible, visible, viable. At least if we follow the Kantian, Arendtian, and Habermasian traditions, critique and the public sphere are inseparable. From this perspective, it makes very little sense to discuss the one without the other. Failing to pay attention to the changing role of the public sphere, I suggest, constitutes a troubling feature of most literary debates on postcritique.

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  • 134.
    Beckman, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Posthumanism and narrativity: Beginning again with Arendt, Derrida, and Deleuze2017In: Posthumous life: theorizing beyond the posthuman / [ed] Jami Weinstein, Claire Colebrook, New York: Columbia University Press, 2017, p. 43-64Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 135.
    Beckman, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Recensioner: Frida Beckman om Solveig Daugaard, COLLABORATING WITH STEIN. MEDIA ECOLOGIES, RECEPTION, POETICS2018In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, Vol. 48, no 3, p. 79-94Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 136.
    Beckman, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    The Paranoid Style in Postcritique2020In: Symploke, ISSN 1069-0697, E-ISSN 1534-0627, Vol. 28, no 1-2, p. 37-49Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 137.
    Beckman, Frida
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Blake, Charlie
    We Have Been Paranoid too Long to Stop Now2019In: New Directions in Philosophy and Literature / [ed] David Rudrum, Ridvan Askin, Frida Beckman, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2019, p. 410-428Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 138.
    Beckman, Frida
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Di Leo, Jeffrey R.
    Paranoid Politics: An Introduction2021In: Symploke, ISSN 1069-0697, E-ISSN 1534-0627, Vol. 29, no 1-2, p. 9-19Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 139.
    Beckman, Frida
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Rudrum, David
    Askin, Ridvan
    Editor's Preface2019In: New Directions in Philosophy and Literature / [ed] David Rudrum, Ridvan Askin, Frida Beckman, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2019Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 140.
    Beckman Rietz, Lena Elisabeth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    CRITICAL APPROACHES TO THE DIFFICULTIES OF ATTRIBUTION AND DATING OF FRANCESCO GUARDI’S VEDUTE2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master of Fine Arts (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Venetian veduta or view, became popular in the Settecento when Venice had turned into a regular stop on the Grand Tour. The foreign market’s interest in vedute, prompted Venetian artists to follow in Canaletto’s path. Francesco Guardi (1712-1793) is today famous for such views, and his paintings hang in museums around the world. One of his vedute, Piazza San Marco, Venice, was bought by the Nationalmuseum in Stockholm in 1964. In 1990, however, the Nationalmuseum changed the attribution of the painting. What prompted such a change? This thesis critically discusses the difficulty of attribution and dating of vedute in the Eighteenth century, specifically of paintings by the artist Francesco Guardi. Moreover, it presents and examines the strengths and weaknesses of the different attributional methods based on documentary, stylistic, topographic and technical approach, and with what success scholars have used them to establish a chronology of Francesco Guardi's oeuvre. Due to its well documented history, the painting, Piazza San Marco, Venice, will serve as a case study for the difficulties of attributing and dating Francesco Guard’s vedute, and the thesis will present evidence to Piazza San Marco, Venice,’s authenticity as a Francesco Guardi autograph.

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    CRITICAL APPROACHES TO THE DIFFICULTIES OF ATTRIBUTION AND DATING OF FRANCESCO GUARDI’S VEDUTE
  • 141.
    Beck-Remnes, Alice
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Den formlösa kroppen – En väg ut: Kropp, rum och språk i Stina Aronsons Feberboken2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Beck-RemnesAlice-KAND-VT-2020
  • 142.
    Belin Larsson, Matilda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    BLOOD AND SPERM - AND CUNTS: An analysis of the In-Yer-Face theatre genre ́s approach to female roles and characters2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay explores the genre of In-Yer-Face theatre and its representation of women. In-Yer-Face theatre emerged in the 1990s in the UK, characterised by its confrontational style and provocative themes. While the genre is often associated with the portrayal of violence and aggression towards women, this essay explores how In-Yer-Face theatre may also offer a platform for women's stories and experiences. Through an analysis of The Censor, Blasted and the performances of Shopping and fucking and Look back in anger, the essay researches how In-Yer-Face theatre explores traditional gender roles and the ways in which women are often subjected to violence, exploitation, and objectification. The essay will use both a drama analysis and performance analysis of two plays and two performances from the genre to explore different views from the most prominent writers of the genre.Ultimately, this essay argues that In-Yer-Face theatre has an opportunity to offer a powerful and complex representation of women that demands critical engagement and interpretation but in many ways reproduces the societal norms. 

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    Blood and sperm - and cunts
  • 143.
    Beltrami, Costanza
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    A print source for a painting by Gerard David2020In: The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 162, no 1410, p. 748-756Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A print by the monogrammist known as Master W with the Key, active in the Southern Netherlands c.1465–90, is here identified as the source for the morse on the cope worn by St Donatian in Gerard David’s ‘Canon Bernardijn Salviati and three saints’ in the National Gallery, London, demonstrating that late medieval ornament prints were used by painters as well as goldsmiths and other craftsmen.

  • 144.
    Beltrami, Costanza
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Defence by demolition? Preserving and relocating the cloister of Segovia cathedral2021In: Notes and records of the Royal Society of London, ISSN 0035-9149, E-ISSN 1743-0178, Vol. 76, no 2, p. 237-252Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1520, Segovia's rebel city council besieged the impregnable royal fortress located on a narrow stone outcrop at the far west of the city. The cathedral stood just in front of the fortress, and the rebels demolished part of the church's structure to use it as a secure stronghold. Beyond the physical damage, the revolt demonstrated the peril posed by the proximity of cathedral and castle. Unsurprisingly, it was soon decided that the cathedral would be relocated to the city's main square. Deserted by its canons and chaplains, the old church was a ruin by 1562, while its younger counterpart was slowly reaching completion. Neglect coexisted with preservation: the first step in the construction of a new cathedral was the decision to move the building's cloister—stone by stone—from the old to the new site. This paper discusses the relocation, exploring its denouement and contextualizing it within pre-modern perspectives on heritage and architecture. In the early sixteenth century, the cathedral of the Castilian city of Segovia was relocated from the edge of the city to its main square. A new church was begun in 1525. Construction continued well into the seventeenth century, as the old building decayed and was eventually dismantled. Exceptionally, the cloister of the old cathedral was disassembled stone by stone and carefully—but not exactly—re-erected at the new site. This article explores the cloister's destruction and reconstruction from the perspective of architectural preservation and architectural history.

  • 145.
    Beltrami, Costanza
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Imitating a Model, Establishing an Identity: Copying San Juan de los Reyes at San Andrés, Toledo2020In: Gothic Architecture in Spain: Invention and Imitation / [ed] Tom Nickson; Nicola Jennings, London: Courtauld Books Online , 2020, p. 157-176Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 146.
    Beltrami, Costanza
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Karl Kinsella. God’s Own Language: Architectural Drawing in the Twelfth Century. Cambridge: MIT Press, 20232024In: H-Sci-Med-TechArticle, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Karl Kinsella’s book opens with an imaginary walk along the Seine, and the metaphor of walking extends from the first page to the more detailed exploration of In visionem Ezekielis presented in the volume’s central chapters. “On Ezekiel’s vision” is an unfinished biblical commentary written by Richard of Saint Victor (d. 1173) at the renowned French abbey of Saint Victor. Richard’s text proposes a literal exegesis of the prophet Ezekiel’s vision of a temple complex, contained in the Old Testament (Richard analyzes Ezekiel 40–48). Richard was the first to attempt a detailed study of the prophet’s complex visionary account. Kinsella’s book is explicitly structured as a walk-through of Richard’s analysis. Richard’s work itself retraces step-by-step the progress of the prophet’s vision, just as, in the biblical text, Ezekiel follows a man with a “brazen complexion” and a measuring rod through the temple complex (Ezekiel 40:3). “God’s own language” thus structured Ezekiel’s experience and its medieval commentaries, just as it organizes Kinsella’s resonating, multilayered analysis. Metaphors of movement are particularly fitting for this slender and engaging volume in which every word seems accurately calibrated to drive the “plot” forward.

  • 147.
    Beltrami, Costanza
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Medieval Architecture2023In: History Theory, Method and Historiography / [ed] Hannele Klemettilä; Samu Niskanen; James Willoughby, 2023Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 148.
    Beltrami, Costanza
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Memory, Modernity, and Anachronism at the Convent of San Juan de los Reyes, Toledo2023In: Lateness and Modernity in Medieval Architecture / [ed] Alice Isabella Sullivan; Kyle G. Sweeney, Leiden and Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, 2023, p. 346-394Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 149.
    Bengtsson Melin, Pia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Jonsson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Medeltida kollekttavlor från Gotland2019In: Myntstudier, ISSN 1652-2303, no 2, p. 1-90Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    På Gotland finns 55 medeltida kollekttavlor bevarade (helt eller delvis). I ett skandinaviskt och även i ett europeiskt perspektiv utgör de ett enastående material. Medeltida mynt som hittas i kyrkor anses bero på spill i samband med offer. Kollekttavlorna på Gotland visar att fynden även beror på mynt som tappats i samband med kollekt. De äldsta kollekttavlorna är från 1200-talets början och det var sannolikt då som kollekt infördes på Gotland. Kollekt nämns även i kyrkliga räkenskaper från det svenska fastlandet.

  • 150.
    Berg, Annika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Allmän rösträtt (men inte för alla)2021In: Forskning & Framsteg, ISSN 0015-7791, no 7, p. 52-57Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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